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Module 3 Book 8 知识梳理 ：
定语 一、概念: 定语是用来修饰名词或代词的成分。 二、位置： 前置定语：位于中心词
前。(单个词或者复合词) 后置定语：位于中心词之后。(词组或从句)另:修饰 something, anything, nothing 的单个形容词定语时，也要后置。 如：There is something wrong with my watch What is the difference between the following pair of phrases: the present members 现在的 the members present 出席的 the responsible man 可信赖的 the man responsible 应负责任的
6. (NMET2000)_____ to take this adventure course will certainly learn a lot of useful skills . A. Brave enough students B. Enough brave students C. Students brave enough D. Students enough brave 二 ：词序： his father’s expensive new green silk socks her first beautiful little British oil painting 限定词+ 性质(描绘/观点)+ 大小、长短、高低(矮) + 形状+ 年龄、新旧+ 颜 色+ 国籍、地区、出处+ 物质、材料+ 用途、类别+ 动名词、名词中心词. 限定词+ （ 美小圆旧黄，法国木书房 ） 一个小而圆的、老式的、中式木质棕色书桌，很吸引人 a charming small round old brown Chinese wooden writing table
基础题 ： Read the sentences,and give the correct form of the verb in the brackets. 1) Do you know the astronauts __________ (carry)out scientific experiments in space now? 2) People __________(work) in the field of science are called scientists. 3) The question_____________(discuss) next is about how to get rid of environmental pollution. 4) Th advertisement_______(make)by this advertising firm last month is misleading, because it hid important information. 5) Flowers ________in this way look more beautiful. 6) Look out! There is snow______(fall) on the _____(fall) leaves on the ground. Complete the following sentences. 1) The first thing _______we must do is to mend those shoes. 2) This is the most interesting story _______he’s ever heard. 3) The doctor did all ______they could to save the dying patient. 4) They talked about things and persons________ they were interested in. 5) Who is the person ________ waved his hand to you when we were taking a walk in the avenue.? 6) He took out a pistol with _________ he shot at the murderer. 7) Dinner starts with a small dish, __________ is often called a starter. 8) October 1st,1949 is the day ______ New China was founded. 9) October 1st,1949 is the day___________ is very special to him because it is the day ________ he was born.
一： 名词修饰名词 作定语的名词往往是说明其中名词的材料、用途、时间、地点、内容、类别 等。 如:a diamond necklace; a stone bridge; a meeting room; welcome speech; evening suit; body temperature; the kitchen window; a story book; piano lessons;the sports meet; children education 等。 巩固应用 ： (NMET 1993)He dropped the ____ and broke it . A. cup of coffee B. cup for coffee C. coffee’s cup D. coffee cup 2. (NMET 2001 )The _____ is just around the corner and you won’t miss it . A. bicycle’s shop B. bicycle shop C. bicycles shop D. bicycle’s shop 3. (1999 上海) There are five pairs of shoes ______ , but I'm at a loss which to buy . A. to be chosen B. to choose from C. to choose D. for choosing 4. (NMET1997)--- How was your recent visit to Qingdao ? --- It was great . We visited some friend , and spent the _____ days at the seaside. A. few last sunny B. last few sunny C. last sunny few D.few sunny last 5 (NMET 1998)If I had ______ , I’d visit Europe , stopping at all the small interesting places . A. a long enough holiday B. an enough long holiday C. a holiday enough long D. a long holiday enough
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10) We paid a visit to the village_________Lu Xun was born. 11) It is now a very famous village ___________ thousands of people visit every day. 12) Can you tell me the reason _____he was late? 13) The reason _____ he told for being absent from the meeting was not believed by the president. 14) People study the computer for the simple reason ______ they can get a well-paid job in future. 15) Last month we went to a chemical work,_____ was set up in the 1960’s and ______ my father has worked for dozens of years 16) Please show me the coat ______________ you bought from that department store. 17) He is wearing the same coat ___________you bought from that department store. 18) Don’t read books ____________are harmful to your mind. 19) Such experience __________I have is useless in this situation. 20) ______ we all know, history is created by the working people. 提高题： 1 【2012 全国卷 II】⒏ That evening, ___ I will tell you more about later, I ended up working very late. A. that B. which C. what D. when 2 【2012 安徽】 Ａ lot of language learning, ________ has been discovered, 29. is happening in the first year of life, so parents should talk much to their children during that period. A. as B. it C. which D. this 3 【2012 重庆】29. Sales director is a position ______communication ability is just as important as sales skills. A. which B. that C. when D. where 4 【2012 北京】26. When deeply absorbed in work, ______ he often was，he would forget all about eating or sleeping. A. that B. which C. where D. when 5 【2012 福建】 The air quality in the city, _____ is shown in the report, has 23. improved over the past two months. A. that B. it C. as D. what 6 【2012 陕西】14. It is the third time that she has won the race, ____ has surprised us all. A. that B. where C. which D. what 7 【2012 山东】23. Maria has written two novels, both of ___ have been made into television series.
A. them B. that C. which D. what 8 【2012 湖南】34. Care of the soul is a gradual process ____ even the small details of life should be considered. A. what B. in what C. which D. in which 9 【2012 天津】7. I wish to thank Professor Smith, without ____ help I would never have got this far. A. who B. whose C. whom D. which 10 【2012 江西】28. By 16:30, ____ was almost closing time, nearly all the paintings had been sold. A. which B. when C. what D. that 11 【2012 四川】 In our class there are 46 students, _____ half wear glasses. 13. A. in whom B. in them C. of whom D. of them 12 【2012 浙江】 We live in an age ______ more information is available with 9. greater ease than ever before. A. why B. when C. to whom D. on which 13 【2012 浙江】 Ellen was a painter of birds and of nature, _____, for some 17. reason, had withdrawn from all human society. A. which B. who C. where D. whom 14 【2012 江苏】 After the flooding, people were suffering in that area, ____ 22. urgently needed clean water, medicine and shelter to survive. A. which B. who C. where D. what 15 （2011 安徽卷） Whatever is left over may be put into the refrigerator, _____ it will keep for two or three weeks. A． when B． which C． where D． while 16.（2011 四川卷）The school shop,_________ customers are mainly students, is closed for the holidays. A． which B． whose C． when D． where 17 （ 2011 浙 江 卷 ） English is a language shared by several diverse cultures ,each of____ uses it somewhat differently . A． which B． what C． them D． those 18. 2011 新课标卷） （ The prize will go to the writer________ story shows the most imagination. A．that B．which C．whose D．what 19 . （2011 天津卷）The days are gone ________ physical strength was all you needed to make a living. A． when B． that C． where D． which 20. （2011 陕西卷）I walked up to the top of the hill with my feiend, ____ we enjoyed a splendid view of the lake . A．which B． where C． who D．that
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