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虚拟语气讲解课件(good)


Grammar
—the Subjunctive Mood

虚 拟 语 气

一个坚持

insist

两个命令 order, command
四个建议

advise, suggest, propose,recommend
四个要求


demand , require, request, urge
注:以上动词的名词形式用于同位语从句 中,从句中的动词也是用“(should) + 动 词原形”

1. I advised that you ___ the job as soon as possible . A finished B finishing C to finish D finish

2 The workers in the factory demanded that their pay ___ be raised. A should
C must

B would
D could

3. My father did not go to New York; the doctor suggested that he _____ there. A. not went B. won't go C. not go D. not to go

4.The teacher demanded that the exam ____ before eleven. A. must finish B. would be finished

C. be finished

D. must be finished

5.The commander ordered that we _____ work. A. must finish C. should finish B. finished D. could finish

suggest 当表示“暗示、表 明“讲时,

insist 表示”坚持说“之意时, 应用陈述语气。

4. Jane’s pale face suggested that he ___ ill . A be B was C should be D is 5.He insists he ______right. A. were B. was C. be D. is

用于表语、同位语、主语从句 在suggestion / proposal / order / / advice / request /demand 等名词后 的表语和同位语从句中 要用 “should+动词原形” should可以省略.

2. It is suggested/ordered / requested /proposed /demanded that从句… 从句中的 谓语 动 词用should+动词 原形,should 可以省略

考题点击
1.His suggestion that you _____ once more sounds reasonable.

A. try
C. must try

B. tries
D. can try

2 She made the demand that the journalists _____at once for Iraq. A. leave B. leaving

C. left

D. to be left

We are in favor of your proposal that the meeting ______. A. should be put off B. was put off C. should put off D. is to put off

if引导的虚拟条件句

If I won the lottery now, I would buy an expensive car.

现在事实相反 If he had hurried ,he could have caught the train. 过去事实相反
If I were to go abroad ,I would go to America. 将来事实相反

与现 在相 反 与过 去相 反 与将 来相 反

主句 Would +do did(be用were) should/ could/might Would +have had +done + done (should/ could/might) did(be用were) Would +do were to+ do (should/ should +do could/might)
If从句

If you had told me in advance, I _____ him at the airport. A. would meet B. would had met C. would have met D. would have meet

______I you, I would go with him to the party. A. Was B. Had been C. Will be D. Were if it______ tomorrow, I wouldn’t attend the party. A. rain B. rains C. had rained D. were to rain

I would have gone to the meeting if I _____ time. A. had had B. have had C. had D. would have had He suggested that they _____ use a trick instead of fighting. A. should B. would C. do D. had

倒装的If虚拟句

二、省略 if 的条件从句
If I were to meet him tomorrow, I should ask him about it. Were I to meet him tomorrow,… If he should fail in the experiment this time, he would try again. Should he fail in the experiment…

二、省略 if 的条件从句
If I had followed your advice, I wouldn’t have made such foolish mistakes. Had I followed your advice,…

Had you listened to the doctor,you ________ all right. A. are B. were C. would be D. would have been

2 由介词或介词短语暗示的虚拟结 构 without(没有) but for(要不是) with
otherwise

1. Without sunlight , or water or air , there ___ no life on the earth . A will have B would be C can be D must be 2 But for the snow , we ___ earlier . A will arrive B would have arrived C arrive D arrived

五、虚拟语气在其他从句中
1. It is (high / about ) time that… “到做----的时间了.” 注意:should不能省略. 过去时 should +V原.

我们该去睡觉了。 time that we went to bed. It’s
It’s time that we should go to bed.

15.It is high time the child ______ to the hospital. A. is sent B. would be sent C. must be sent D. were sent

2.If only 引导的感叹句

“要是...该有多好啊”

asked If only I _______(ask) the question now
had seen If only I __________(see) the film yesterday!

It’s high time they____________ this road. A. mend B. mended C. must have mended D. will mend
If only I ________ driving before. A. had learned B. learned C. learn D. would learn

现在: 过去时(were) 过去:过去完成时 3.Wish 未来: would/could/might+V.

1 . I wish I ______a bird
A is C will be B were D are

2. How I wish that I ___ the moon sometime in the future .

A had visited B would visit
C visited D will visit

1. would rather that

现在: 过去时

过去: 过去完成时
未来: 过去时 I would rather you paid me now. I would rather you had gone, too.

Don’t come. I would rather you came tomorrow.

3. If he my advice, he wouldn‘t have lost his job. A. followed B. should follow C. had followed D. would follow 4. John went to the hospital alone. If he ______ me about it, I would have gone with him. A. should tell B. tells C. told D. had told

5. If we ___ the other road ,we might have arrived here in time for the meeting. A. take B. had taken C. took D. have taken 6. Had I known about this computer program, a huge amount of time and energy . A. would have been saved B. had been saved C. will be saved D. was saved

We are in favor of your proposal that the meeting ______. A. should be put off B. was put off C. should put off D. is to put off

1. 判断是否虚拟 2. 判断虚拟类型 3. 判断虚拟时间

1. She says she’d rather he ____tomorrow instead of today. A. had C. leaves B. should leave D. left

2. It’s already 5 o’clock now. Don’t you think it’s about time____ ? A. we are going home
B. if she leaves C. we went home

D. if she had left

?6. If only I ____ to my parents’ advice! A. listening B. listen C. am listening D. had listened

7. ---Why didn’t you come to the party yesterday? ---I would , but an unexpected visitor ___ to see me. A. came B. would come
C. had come D. was coming 8. I’d rather you ____ me the news. A. not tell B. not to tell

C. didn’t tell

D. hadn’t told

9.He was very busy yesterday, otherwise he ____ to the meeting. A. would come
C. would have come

B. came
D. had come

10. Without electricity, human life _____ quite different today. A. is B. will be

C. would have been

D. would be


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