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定语从句及专项练习


定语从句及专项练习 语法解释: 定语从句 —— 修饰名词或代词的从句。换句话说,名词、代词后的从句叫定语从句。 先行词 —— 被定语从句修饰的名词、代词、甚至词组或句子叫先行词。 关系词 —— 引导定语从句的词叫关系词。 关系词分两种: 一是关系代词(在定语从句中担任主、宾、表、定语成分) 二是关系副词(在定语从句中担任状语成分) 关系词的三个功能: 1. 连接功能(连接先行词与

定语从句) ; 2. 担任功能(在定语从句中担任主、宾、表、定、状语) ; 3. 替代功能(在定语从句中代替先行词) 。 A plane is a machine. The machine can fly. —— A plane is a machine, and the machine can fly. —— A plane is a machine that can fly. 关系代词有:who, whom, whose, that, which, as 在定语从句中可担任主语的是: who, that, which, as 在定语从句中可担任宾语的是: who, whom, that, which, as 在定语从句中可担任定语的是: whose, which 当先行词是人时,可用的关系词是:who, whom, that, as 当先行词是物时,可用的关系词是:which, that, whose, as 关系副词有:when (先行词为时间), where (先行词为地点), why (先行词为原因) 关系副词 = 介词 + which / whom 定语从句分为两种:限制性与非限制性。 先行词与关系词之间无逗号隔开为限制性;有逗号隔开则为非限制性。 非限制性定语从句一般不可用关系代词 that 引导。 唯一可以置于先行词之前的定语从句由关系代词 as 引导。 1. A football fan is _____ has a strong interest in football. A. that B. who C. a person who D. what 2. The house, _____ was destroyed in the terrible fire, has been repaired. A. whose roof B. which roof C. its roof D. the roof 3. Can you lend me the novel _____ the other day? A. that you talked B. you talked about it C. which you talked D. you talked about 4. The matter _____ you were arguing about last night has been settled. A. that B. what C. why D. for which 5. They talked for about an hour of things and persons _____ they remembered in the school. A. which B. that C. who D. whom 6. Who _____ has common sense(常识) will do such a thing? A. which B. who C. whom D. that 7. All the apples _____ fell down were eaten by the pigs. A. that B. those C. which D. what 8. They asked him to tell them everything _____ he saw at the front. A. what B. that C. which D. where 9. A child _____ parents have died is called an orphan. A. who B. who’s C. whose D. which

10. I, _____ your good friend, will try my best to help you out. A. who is B. who am C. that is D. what is 11.He is a man of great experience, _____ much can be learned. A. who B. that C. from which D. from whom 12. He has to work on Sundays, _____ he does not like. A. and which B. which C. and when D. when 假定你是李华,从互联网上得知一个国际中学生组织将在新加坡(Singapore)举办夏令营,欢迎各国学生参 加。请写一封电子邮件申请参加。内容主要包括: 自我介绍(包括英语能力) 参加意图(介绍中国、了解其他国家) 希望获准。 注意:1.词数 100 左右


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