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高考英语(人教版)要点梳理+重点突破:必修1 Unit 1


高考英语(人教版)要点梳理+重点突破:必修 1 Unit 1 必修 1 Unit 1 Friendship

Friendshi

●重点单词 1.upset adj.心烦意乱的;不安的;不适的 vt.使不安;使心烦 2.ignore vt.不理睬;忽视→ignorance n.愚昧→ignorant adj.无知的;粗鲁的 3.calm

vt. & vi.(使)平静;(使)镇定 adj.平静的;镇静的;沉着的 4.concern vt. & n.(使)担忧;涉及;关系到;担心;关注;(利害)关系→concerned adj.担忧的→concerning prep. 关于 5.loose adj.松的;松开的 6.series n.连续;系列 7.outdoors adv.在户外;在野外 8.entire adj.整个的;完全的;全部的 9.power n.能力;力量;权力→powerful adj.有权势的 10.settle vi.安家;定居;停留 vt.使安居;安排;解决→settled adj.→settlement n.安居;定居 11.suffer vt. &vt.遭受;忍受;经历→suffering n.痛苦;折磨 12.recover vi. &vt.痊愈;恢复;重新获得→recovery n.痊愈 13.pack vi. &vt.捆扎;包装;打行李 n.小包;包裹 14.exactly adv.确实如此;正是;确切地→exact adj.精确的 15.disagree vi.不同意→disagreement n.→agree 反义词 ●重点短语 1.add up 合计 10.at dusk 在黄昏时刻 2.calm down 平静下来;镇定下来 11.face to face 面对面 3.have got to 不得不,必须 12.no longer/not any longer 不再 4.be concerned about 关心,挂念 13.suffer from 遭受;患病 5.go through 经历;经受 14.get/be tired of 对……厌烦 6.set down 放下;记下;登记 15.pack (sth.) up 将(东西)装箱打包 7.a series of 一连串的;一系列的 16.get along with 与……相处;进展 8.on purpose 故意 17.fall in love 相爱;爱上 9.in order to 为了…… 18.join in 参加;加入 ●重点句型 1. While walking the dog,_you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car.你在遛狗的时候不小心让狗松脱了, 接着它被一辆小车撞着了。 2.... tell him/her that he/she should have studied... ……告诉他/她本该学习…… 3.I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature.我不知道这是不是因为我长时间无法出门的缘故,使我变得对一切与大自然有关的事物都那样狂热。 4....it was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face... ……这是我一年半以来第一次观察夜晚…… 5.Mother asked her if/whether she was very hot with so many clothes on.妈妈问她穿这么多衣服是不是很热。 ●高考范文 (2009· 全国卷Ⅰ,宁夏,海南) 假定你是李华,正在英国接受英语培训,住在一户英国人家里。今天你的房东 Mrs Wilson 不在家,你准备外出, 请给 Mrs Wilson 写一留言条,内容包括: 1.外出购物 2.替房东还书 3.Tracy 来信留言:1)咖啡屋(Bolton Coffee)见面取消 2)此事已告知 Susan 3)尽快回电 注意:1 词数 100 左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 Mrs Wilson _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________

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_______________________________________________ Li Hua [思路点拨] 仔细阅读试题的要求,我们可以看出书面表达应该包含三个大的方面:购物、还书以及留言。而留言又包含了三 个方面:取消见面;已告知 Susan;回电。这样,我们在写作时就要抓住这 5 个要点,通过增加适当的细节以及 运用恰当的连词把每个语法正确、句型丰富的句子连接在一起就会得到较高的分数。 [范文] Mrs Wilson, I'm going out shopping, and won't be back until about 5:00 pm. I have taken with me the two books you asked me to return to the City Library. At about 1 o'clock this afternoon, Tracy called, saying that she couldn't meet you at the Bolton Coffee tomorrow morning as she had something important to attend to. She felt very sorry about that, but said that you could set some other time for the meeting. She wanted you to call her back as soon as you are home. She has already told Susan about this change. Li Hua Ⅰ.词汇短语过关 1.upset adj. 心烦意乱的;不安的,不适的 vt. 使不安;使心烦,打乱(upset; upset) be upset about 对……感到心烦 It upsets sb. that 让某人心烦的是…… It upsets sb. to do sth. 做……使某人不快 upset the plan 搅乱了计划 [即学即练 1] (1)I ______ ______ ______ the bad news. 我对那则坏消息感到心烦意乱。 (2)It ______ ______ that he had left without saying goodbye. 他的不辞而别让她心情沮丧。 (3)If the rain keeps falling, it will ______ the whole plan. 如果继续下雨,这将会打乱我们的整个计划。 Am upset about upset her upset 2.ignore vt. 不理睬;忽视;不顾(强调“装作不知道或没看到”) ignorant adj. 无知的;愚昧的;不知道的 ignorance n. 无知;愚昧;不知道 ignore sb./sth. 不理睬某人/假装不知道或未见 be ignorant of/about sth.=be in ignorance of sth.不知道某事 [即学即练 2] (1)She saw him coming but she ________him.她看见他走来,但没有理睬他。 (2)He is ______ ______ farm life.=He is ___ _________ ______ farm life.他对农庄生活一无所知。 Ignored ignorant of in ignorance of 3.concern vt. (使)担忧;涉及;关系到 n. 担心;关注;(利害)关系 concerning prep. 关于 concern sb./sth. 与……有关 concerned adj. 关心的;挂念的;有关的 be concerned about/over/for 关心,挂念 show/express concern about/for 对……表示关心/担心 be concerned with/in 牵扯进/参与…… have concern with 和……有关系 all parties concerned 有关各方 with concern 关切地 as/so far as... be concerned 就……而言 concern oneself about/for 担忧/关心…… concern oneself with 从事,参与…… [即学即练 3] (1)Don't concern yourself ______ other people's affairs. 别干涉他人的事。 (2)I always concern myself ______ my son's future. 我总是担忧我儿子的将来。
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(3)He doesn't bother about things that don't ______ him. 他不关心那些与他无关的事。 With about concern (4)As far as ____________, the sooner, the better. 就我而言,越快越好。 (5)________________ your letter, I'm pleased to inform you of what you are interested in. I’m concerned Concerning 4.series n. 系列;连续 a series of 一连串的;一系列的 a series of exams 一连串的考试 a TV series 一部电视连续剧 注意:(1)series 属于单复数同形的单词,类似的单词还有 means, species, works(工厂),deer, fish, sheep 等。 (2)“a series of+复数名词”做主语时,谓语动词用单数,但“these/those series of+复数名词”做主语时,谓语动词用 复数。 [即学即练 4] (1)Then began ______ ______ ______ wet days that spoiled our vacation. 之后就是一连串的下雨天,把我们的假期弄得一团糟。 (2)There ______ a series of car accidents at the crossing this morning.今天早晨在十字路口发生了一连串的交通事 故。 a series of was 5.settle vi. 安家;定居;停留 vt. 使定居;安排;解决 settle in/into (使)适应(新的家、 工作、 环境等), 习惯于; settle down to n./v.-ing 安顿下来 get down to n./v.-ing 开始认真做……,专心于…… settle down 安居下来;定居,过安定生活,舒适地坐 settle one's affairs 安排/解决好自己的事情 下或 躺下 settle a dispute/an argument 解决争端 settle on/upon 同意,决定;在某处停留/栖息 [即学即练 5] (1)She ____________ the city after her father's death.父亲去世后她就在城市里定居了。 (2)They __________________ in a friendly way. 他们友好地解决了他们的争端。 (3)Let's __________________ the work.我们开始工作。 settled in settled their quarrel settle down to 6.suffer vt.& vi. 遭受;忍受;经历 suffering n. (身体、精神上的)痛苦,苦恼、苦难的经历 suffer pain/loss/defeat/punishment/hardship 遭受痛苦/损失/失败/惩罚/艰难 suffer from 受……折磨,受……之苦;患……疾病 [即学即练 6] (1)They _____________ a great loss in the earthquake.在地震中他们蒙受了巨大损失。 (2)I'll _________ this rudeness no longer. 我再也不能忍受这种粗鲁了。 (3)He's ____________ a bad cold.他正患重感冒。 (4)Wars caused ___________ to this country. 战争给这个国家带来了苦难。 suffered suffer suffering from suffering 7.recover vi.&vt. 痊愈;恢复;重新获得 recovery n. 恢复,复原;复得 recover from sth. 从……中恢复到正常状态 recover oneself 清醒过来 (如健康、神智等) recover one's health/senses 恢复健康/知觉 recover sth. from... 从……中找回、重新获得 [即学即练 7] (1)Liu Xiang is still __________________ his operation. 手术后,刘翔仍在恢复之中。 (2)He seemed upset but quickly ___________________. 他显得心烦意乱,但很快静下心来。 (3)He has ______ a slow ____________ the strain. 他慢慢从紧张中恢复过来。 recovering from recovered himself made recovery from 8.add up 合计
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add sth. up 把……加起来 add to 增加;增添 add up to 加起来共计/达 add that...补充说 add...to... 把……加在/上…… [即学即练 8] (1)Can you ______ these figures ______? 你能把这些数字加起来吗? (2)All these figures _______________ 5 000. 所有这些数字加起来共计 5 000。 (3)He ______ some sugar ______ the coffee. 他给咖啡里加了些糖。 (4)The bad weather ____________ our difficulty. 坏天气增加了我们的困难。 (5)He ______ that he was satisfied with the talk. 他补充说他对会谈很满意。 add up add up to added to added to 9. go through =experience 经历,经受 =examine carefully 仔细检查

added

=look through 浏览,翻阅 =pass (through) 通过,经过 =be used up 用完

[即学即练 9] 写出下列各句中 go through 的意思。 (1)We went through hardships while working on this project.________________ (2)The teacher has gone through all the papers of the students. ____________ (3)He has the habit of going through morning papers after getting up.________________ (4)It took us three days to go through the forest.____________ (5)I've gone through my ink.______________ 经历;经受 仔细检查 浏览,翻阅 通过,穿过 用完 拓展:break through 冲破 get through 完成,通过 live through 活过…… 10.set down (1)=write down 写下,记下 (2)=put down 放下,搁下 look through 浏览 cut through 穿过 put through 接通电话 (3)=stop and allow sb. to get off 让某人下车 (4)=explain or describe to oneself as 解释为,认为 (与 as 连用)

[即学即练 10](1)Why don't you ______ your ideas ______ on paper? 为什么你不把你的想法写在纸上呢? (2)______ that heavy bag ______ to have a rest. 把那沉重的袋子放下,休息一会儿。 (3)Please ______ me ______ at the next corner. 请在下一个拐角处让我下车。 (4)I ______ the man ______ as a salesman. 我认为那个人是位售货员。 set down Set down set down set down 拓展:set about doing sth.开始干某事 (=set out to do sth.) set off 开始;出发(=set out);引爆 set out 出发;开始(后接 to do);陈列;阐述 set up 建立,创设,开办 11.in order to 为了…… (1)in order to 引导的目的状语,可置于句首或句末, 可换成 to (do sth.)。 so as to 引导的目的状语,其位置一般在句末。 (2)否定结构:in order not to do 和 so as not to do。 [即学即练 11]翻译句子。 (1)为了看清楚,我戴上了眼镜。____________________ (2)为了不丢掉工作,她向老板说了谎。_______________
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set back 把(钟表指针)往回拨 set aside 留出;不顾;取消 set free 释放;解放 set sb. a good example 为……树立好榜样

(3)前后两部分主语一致时,才能用 in order to 或 so as to 来引导,否则,改用 so that 或 in order that 来引 导。

答案:(1)In order to see it clearly, I put on my glasses. =I put on my glasses in order to see it clearly. =I put on my glasses so as to see it clearly.=I put on my glasses to see it clearly.=To see it clearly I put on my glasses. (2)In order not to lose the job, she lied to the boss. 12.get along/on with 与……相处 get along/on well/nicely with.... [即学即练 12] (1)How is the work ____________? 工作进展如何? (2)How are you __________________ your studies? 你功课学得怎样? (3)Selfish men are hard to __________________. 自私的人很难相处。 getting along getting along with get along with 进展(谈及或问及工作情况)

Ⅱ.重点句型详解 1.While walking the dog, you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car.你在遛狗的时候不小心让狗松脱了, 接着它被一辆小车撞着了。 While walking the dog=While you were walking the dog,这是状语从句的省略。 在 when, while, if, as if, though, as, where, unless 等连词(词组)引导的状语从句中,如果谓语动词有 be,而主语又 跟主句的主语相同或为 it 时,则从句的主语和 be 常常省略。 ①When (I was) in Japan, I took many beautiful pictures.在日本时,我拍了许多漂亮的照片。 ②While (I was) waiting, I read newspapers. 我边等待,边看报纸。 ③If (it were) not for you, we would not go there. 要不是为你,我们就不会去那儿了。 ④He looks as if (he were) drunk.他看上去像喝醉了。 ⑤She went on working though (she was) exhausted.尽管她精疲力竭,但仍继续工作。 ⑥Fill in the blanks with the given words; change the form where (it is) necessary.用所给词填空,必要的地方改变形 式。 ⑦I won't go unless (I'm) invited. 除非被邀请,否则我不会去。 [即境活用 1] When first ______ to the market, these products enjoyed great success. A.introducing B.introduced C.introduce D.being introduced 解析:将从句补全应为 When these products were first introduced to the market,主从句主语一致且从句中有 be,可 以省略主语和 be。 答案:B 2....tell him/her that he/she should have studied... ……告诉他/她本该学习…… should have done 结构表示过去应该做某事而事实上没有做;而 shouldn't have done 则表示过去本不该做某事而实 际上却做了,两者皆含有“责备”的口吻。 ①You should have finished your homework yesterday. 你昨天就该做完作业。 ②You shouldn't have told him about it. 你本来不应该告诉他这件事情。 拓展:其他“情态动词+have+done”结构: (1)must have done 对过去发生的事情的肯定推测。“一定……”。 (2)can't/couldn't have done 对过去发生的事情的否定推测。“不可能……”。 (3)needn't have done 过去没有必要做却做了。“本来没必要做……”。 (4)ought (not) to have done=should (not) have done (5)might/may have done 过去可能做了某事(可能性小)。“可能做了……”。 (6)could have done 过去本可能做而未做。“本来能做……”。 (7)would have done 愿意做某事却不能做。“本来想要做……”。 [即境活用 2] Oh, I'm not feeling well in the stomach. I ______ so much fried chicken just now. A.shouldn't eat B.mustn't have eaten C.shouldn't have eaten D.mustn't eat 解析:由 just now 可知,本题谈论过去之事。谈论过去之事,在 should 或 must 之后接不定式的完成式。must 表 示推测只用于肯定句中,shouldn’t have done 表说话之前不应该做某事,但事实上却做了,含有责备的口气。 答案:C
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3....it was the first time in a year and a half that I'd seen the night face to face... ……这是我一年半以来第一次观察夜晚…… It is/was the first time(that)...这是一个固定句式,it 可换成 this 或 that; first 可换成 second, third 等,以表达不同的 意义。 ①This is the fourth time she's rung you in a week. 这是她一周内第四次给你打电话。 ②It was the second time that he had been out with her alone.这是他第二次单独跟她外出。 ③It will be the second time that I have got the prize. 那将是我第二次获得该奖。 提示:(1)It is the first time that...后接现在完成时;It was the first time that...后接过去完成时;It will be the first time that...后接现在完成时。 (2)the first time 可起从属连词作用,引导时间状语从句。 The first time I saw her, my heart stopped. 我第一次见到她时,心脏都停止了跳动。 (3)for the first time 意为“第一次”,单独用做状语。 He was cheated for the first time. 他第一次被骗了。 [即境活用 3] —Have you ever been here before? —No. This is the first time that I ______ to the Great Wall. A.comes B.have been C.came D.had come 解析:This is the first time that...之后的从句需要用现在完成时态。 答案:B 4.Mother asked her if/whether she was very hot with so many clothes on.妈妈问她穿这么多衣服是不是很热。 “with+n.+形容词/副词/介词短语/分词/动词不定式”这种结构在句中经常做状语,表示原因、方式或伴随状态。 如果分词的动作与前面的名词是主动关系,用现在分词;如果是被动关系,则用过去分词;如果表示一个未来的 动作就用不定式。 ①He lay on his back, with his eyes looking up into the sky. 他躺着,眼瞅着天空。 ②With his homework done, he went out to play. 完成作业,他就出去玩了。 ③With the guide to lead us, we'll have no difficulty finding his house. 有导游带路,我们将不费力地找到他家。 ④He came in, with a book in his hand. 他手里拿着一本书走了进来。 ⑤He is used to sleeping with the windows open. 他已经习惯了开着窗户睡觉。 ⑥He often sleeps with the light on. 他经常开着灯睡觉。 [即境活用 4] ______ five minutes ______ before the last bus left, we arrived at the station. A.There were; go B.With; to go C.It was; left D.It had; left 解析:本题考查 with 的复合结构,即“with+宾语+宾语补足语”。本题用不定式做宾补表示将来的动作。句意: 在最后一班公交车离开的前五分钟,我们到了车站。 答案:B

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