被动语态基本用法 当句子的主语是动作的执行者时， 当句子的主语是动作的执行者时， 谓语的形式是主动语态。 谓语的形式是主动语态。当句子的 主语是动作的承受者时， 主语是动作的承受者时，谓语要用 被动语态。被动语态由助动词be+ 被动语态。被动语态由助动词 过去分词构成，时态通过be表现出 过去分词构成，时态通过 表现出 来。
His brother washes bowls every day 主 谓 受动者) 宾(受动者 受动者
Bowls are washed by his brother every day.
1.They make shoes in that factory. 主语+及物动词 宾语 主语 及物动词+宾语 及物动词 Shoes are made factory. 一般现在时： 一般现在时：
S(主语）+am/is /are +过去分词 主语） 主语 过去分词
(by them) in that
They play football on Sunday.
Football is played by them on Sunday.
Lucy does the homework in the evening.
The homework is done by Lucy in the evening.
They often use computers in class.
Computers are often used by them in class.
We make these machines in Beijing.
These machines are made in Beijing.
He looked after the little baby yesterday. 主 宾(受动者) 谓
The little baby was looked after by
him yesterday .
2. They term． ．
ten computers last
Ten computers were bought (by them) last term.
S+was/were +过去分词 过去分词
They built the tall building last year.
The tall building was built by them last year.
He took good care of his little brother yesterday.
His little brother was taken good care of by him yesterday.
We cleaned our classroom just now.
Our classroom was cleaned by us just now.
They used this room for resting.
This room was used for resting by them.
Tom will clean the room tomorrow. 主 谓 受动者) 宾(受动者 受动者
The room will be cleaned by Tom tomorrow.
3.They will finish the work in ten days.
The work will be finished (by them) in ten days.
一般将来时： 一般将来时： S+ will+be+过去分词 过去分词
We will have a sports meeting next week.
A sports meeting will be had by us next week.
Children will take some photos in the schoolyard tomorrow.
Some photos will be taken by children in the school tomorrow.
The headmaster will give a talk this afternoon.
A talk will be given by the headmaster this afternoon.
4．Amy can take good care of Gina ． ． Gina can be taken good care of by Amy.
情态动词： 情态动词： S+ can/may/must/should + be+过去分词 过去分词
1.He can take care of the baby.
The baby can be taken care of by him.
2.Lucy may draw the pictures.
The picture may be drawn by Lucy.
3.You must turn off the lights.
The lights must be turned off by you.
4.They should learn English well.
English should be learned well by them.
Exercises： Exercises： 1.Many people speak English. 2.People used knives for cutting things. 3.We can use the box as a table. 4.We should clean the classroom every day. 5.She will repair the bike tomorrow.
1.Lucy is watering the trees.
2.We have finished our compositions.
Some workers are painting the rooms now． ． The rooms are being painted by some workers now. 现在进行时： 现在进行时： S+ am/is/are + being +过去分词 过去分词
We have made twenty more keys． ． Twenty more keys have been made by us. 现在完成时： 现在完成时： S+ have/has + been+过去分词 过去分词
各种时态的被动语态构成 一般现在时： 一般现在时：S+ am/is /are + done
S+ 一般过去时： was/were + done 一般过去时：
+ be + done
情态动词： 情态动词： S+can/may/must/should+be+done 过去进行时 S+ was/were + being+ done
现在完成时： 现在完成时： have/has + been+ done S+
中考被动语态考题 1.The river smells terrible. People must __ dirty thing into it.(南京市中考题） 南京市中考题） 南京市中考题 A be stopped to throw B be stopped from throwing C stop to throw D stop from throwing 2.This book __ often __from the library.(北 北 京市中考题） 京市中考题） A aren’t; take away B taken away C isn’t; taken away D be taken away
was told 3.He ____ _____ (tell) to return his books to the library yesterday. (黄冈市中考题） 黄冈市中考题） 黄冈市中考题
5. Another man-made satellite was sent up into space by them last week (济南市中考题） 济南市中考题） 济南市中考题 —— —— —— another man-made satellite They sent up into space last week.变主动语态 变主动语态 7.People there planted many trees last year. Trees _____ _____ by people there last year. were planted (青岛市中考题） 青岛市中考题） 青岛市中考题 8. They grow vegetables on the farm. The vegetables _______ ______on the farm are grown 上海市中考题） （上海市中考题）
Homework : 1.He cleans the classroom everyday. 2.They finished their homework. 3.I can mend his bike. 4.She will buy ten books tomorrow. 5.We shouldn’t allow them to go out with their friends. 6.The old man often makes us laugh.
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