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初中被动语态专项复习课件


被动语态专项复习

被动语态基本用法 当句子的主语是动作的执行者时, 当句子的主语是动作的执行者时, 谓语的形式是主动语态。 谓语的形式是主动语态。当句子的 主语是动作的承受者时, 主语是动作的承受者时,谓语要用 被动语态。被动语态由助动词be+ 被动语态。被动语态由助动词 过去分词构成,时态通过be表现出 过去分词构成,时态通过 表现出 来。
<

br /> 改为被动语态
His brother washes bowls every day 主 谓 受动者) 宾(受动者 受动者

Bowls are washed by his brother every day.

1.They make shoes in that factory. 主语+及物动词 宾语 主语 及物动词+宾语 及物动词 Shoes are made factory. 一般现在时: 一般现在时:
S(主语)+am/is /are +过去分词 主语) 主语 过去分词

(by them) in that

They play football on Sunday.
Football is played by them on Sunday.

Lucy does the homework in the evening.
The homework is done by Lucy in the evening.

They often use computers in class.
Computers are often used by them in class.

We make these machines in Beijing.
These machines are made in Beijing.

He looked after the little baby yesterday. 主 宾(受动者) 谓

The little baby was looked after by

him yesterday .

2. They term. .

bought

ten computers last

Ten computers were bought (by them) last term.
一般过去时: 一般过去时:

S+was/were +过去分词 过去分词

They built the tall building last year.
The tall building was built by them last year.

He took good care of his little brother yesterday.
His little brother was taken good care of by him yesterday.

We cleaned our classroom just now.
Our classroom was cleaned by us just now.

They used this room for resting.
This room was used for resting by them.

Tom will clean the room tomorrow. 主 谓 受动者) 宾(受动者 受动者

The room will be cleaned by Tom tomorrow.

3.They will finish the work in ten days.

The work will be finished (by them) in ten days.

一般将来时: 一般将来时: S+ will+be+过去分词 过去分词

We will have a sports meeting next week.
A sports meeting will be had by us next week.

Children will take some photos in the schoolyard tomorrow.
Some photos will be taken by children in the school tomorrow.

The headmaster will give a talk this afternoon.
A talk will be given by the headmaster this afternoon.

4.Amy can take good care of Gina . . Gina can be taken good care of by Amy.

情态ass保
情态ass保 S+ ca/may/"mut/ shuld' ++be+过去分词 过去分词

1.
He can take care of the babr.
The baby can be taken care of by hiy.
2. Lucymay drawy the&pietueys.
The&pietueymay bedrawen by Lucy.
3.You "mut eture ofr the lughys.
Theleights mut be turned ofraby ouy.
43.They shuld'clean Eng/liht wll.
Eng/liht shuld' becleanned wllg by them.

Exierises保篍xierises保1.Maney eomplA seak Eng/lih. 2.PeomplA usedkngivsd forcu,tting thngs. 3.
We can use the boxwas a tibl. 4.
We shuld' clean the classroom every day 5.SThe will-reaier thebaikm tomorrow.

下列碧的欢锾使钩

1. Lucyhiswlattrint the creys.
2.
We have finished our Comosiptionm.


Some worters areeaintting the roous ow . .
The roors areberinteaintyed by some worters now 阆衷进行保恒现越鞋时: S++am/i /are eberinte+过去分词 过去分词

We have madet/wetcymmor &kes . .
/wetcymmor &kese havebreee made by uw 阆衷完成保恒现酝瓿涩时: S+ hav/-hae ebeene+过去分词 过去分词

各种碧的欢锾使钩 一般现在时: 一般现在时 S++am/is /are s don

S 一般过去时:+was/were s done 一般过去时
.
一般将来时: 一般将来时+

wil

ebee e don


情态ass保
情态ass保 S ca/may/"mut/ shuldl+be done愎进行 S+ was/were eberin e don

阆衷完成保恒现酝瓿涩时: hav/-hae ebeenes doneS+

中考欢锾考题 1.Th rgivar swllas ertibl. PeomplA mut __ diertg thngn ito it.(南京市中考题铮┠暇┦兄锌继怙)南京市中考题 Aebees-topsed og trro Bebees-topsedfrTom trrohngnCes-tod og trro Des-todfrTom trrohngn21.This took__ often.__rTom the lbraory(北 北 京市中考题铮┚┦兄锌继怙)As arn’t;n takeaway Be takenaway Cyhin’t;n takneaway Dn be takenaway

was fol 3.
He____e_____ (twll)d og;retury his tooas fm the lbraory yesterday.(黄冈市中考题铮┗聘允兄锌继怙)黄冈市中考题

5. Anrothermanc-madeslatl lire wa xset upn ito /spcde by them last wee (济南市中考题铮┘媚鲜兄锌继怙)济南市中考题 —— —— —— anrothermanc-madeslatl lire.They set upn ito /spcde last wee.变侵鞫锾 变侵鞫锾 7.PeomplAothehe&blatyedmanby creyg last year Tcreyg_____ _____ by eomplAothehe last yeart wehe&blatyed(青岛市中考题铮┣嗟菏兄锌继怙)青岛市中考题 82. They-grw ve"getiblsm on thefaerm
Theve"getiblsm_______ ______ on thefaers are-grwn 上海市中考题铮ㄉ虾J兄锌继怙.



Hhomework: 1
He cleaes the classroom everrday.21.They finished thier homewor. 3.Ie canumedy his aike 4.SThe willbuey ten tooas fomorrow.5.
We shuldn’tl aFloy themto god ost wity thierfrimeduw 61.Th fol man often makas ue lougm.

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