当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >> 2014高考英语高频单词

2014高考英语高频单词


高考英语常用短语归纳
1.高考高频动词短语 (1)act 短语: act as 担任……职务,起……作用 act for 代理(某人职务) ,代为(处理某事) act out 表演(对话、故事等) act up 捣乱,出毛病 (2)break 短语: break away 摆脱,脱离 break away from … 脱离……,奋力挣脱…… break down 出故

障,坏掉,中止,累垮,分解 break in 打断,插话,闯入,强行进入 break into … 闯入……,破门而入 break (sth) off (使某物)折断,中断某事物,突然停止 break out (战争、火灾)突然发生,爆发 break out in tears 突然大哭 break the rule 违反规定 break through 突围,冲跨 break up 分解,分裂,拆散,碎开 (3)bring 短语: bring about 引起,导致,使发生 bring along 把……带来,领来 bring back 拿回来,使恢复 bring sb back 送回某人 bring sth / sb back to life 使……生动/活泼,使……苏醒 (比较:sth / sb come back to life 复苏,苏醒) bring down 使……降低,减少,使……倒下,使……落下 bring down / up (the price) 降价/提价 [比较:(the price ) go down / up 价格下降 /上涨] bring in 引进(技术) ,赚钱,带来(收入) ,吸收 bring on 发展,引起,导致,使前进 bring out 拿出,出版,生产,揭露,阐明,使表现出 bring to 使苏醒 bring … to use = put …to use 对……加以利用 bring / carry sth to / into effect 实施……(比较:sth come / go into effect 开始实施) bring up 抚养,培养,哺育 (4)call 短语: call at (sp) 访问(某地) ,拜访(某地) [比较:call on (sb) 拜访(某人) ,访问(某人)] call back 回电话 call for 提倡,号召,要求,需要,去接某人,接走某人 call / shout for help 呼救 call in 请来,召集,来访,打电话 call off 取消 call on / upon 号召 call out 大声呼喊,叫喊 call sb…for short 简称某人…… call sb names 谩骂某人 call up 给……打电话,使人想起,号召 (5)come 短语: come about 发生,产生 come across 偶然相遇 come along 来,随同,进展,加油 come at … 向……袭击 come back 回来,想起来,复活 come down 下来,下落,传下 come down to… 到达,从一处来到另一处 come for… 来拿,来取 come from… 来自,出生于 come in 进来,进入 come into being 形成,产生 come into use 使用起来 come off 脱落,从……离开 come on 过来,跟我来,加油,来吧,赶快
1

come on / upon sb / sth 偶然遇见,偶然碰上,偶然发现 come out 露出,出来,出现,出版,发(芽) , (花)开 come over to… 过来,顺便来访,从一个地方来到另一个地方 come round / around (非正式)来访,串门 come to … 来到,出现,提及,达到,共计,结果是,苏醒 come to an end 结束,终止 come to know 逐渐地知道 come to life (变得)活泼,苏醒过来 come to light 显露,为人所知 come to oneself 苏醒过来,恢复知觉 come to / into power 当权,上台 come / go to ruin = fall into ruin 变成废墟 come to terms with… 甘心忍受 come true 变为现实,成为事实 come up 被提出,上来,走来,上升,抬头,长出来 come up to sb 朝某人走来 come up with … 提出,想出(主意) ,找出(答案) ,赶上 (6)cut 短语: cut away 切除,剪去 cut down 砍倒,砍下,削减 cut in 插嘴,加塞,插入 cut in line 插队 cut … into pieces / halves 把……切成碎片/切成两半 cut off 切断(线路) ,中断(供应) cut out 删除,剪下来 cut the cost of … 降低……的成本 cut up 切碎,剪碎,剁碎,齐根切掉 (7)do 短语: do about 处理,应付 do and don’t 要与不要 do a good deed 做一件好事 do a lot of walking 走很多路 do a test 做实验,做化验 do a word puzzle 猜字谜 do an experiment / experiments 做实验 do away with 废除 do body-building 做健身操 do chores 处理琐事,干家务 do housework 做家务活 do make-up 化妆,打扮 do observations 观察 do one’s best 尽某人最大努力 do one’s homework 做作业 do research on… 从事……研究工作 do sb a favour 帮某人一个忙 do sb honor = do honor to sb 礼遇某人,对某人表示敬意 do sb the favour to do sth 帮某人一个忙做某事 do some reading 读书,阅读,看点书 do some shopping = go shopping 购物,买东西 do sports = have / play sports = take exercise 进行体育运动,做运动,进行锻炼 do sth in turn / by turns = take turns to do sth / in doing sth 轮流做某事 do telephone interviews 进行电话采访 do the laundry 洗衣服 do up 打扮,梳妆,收拾,把(衣服,鞋子等)扣/系好 do up one’s shoes / hair 系好鞋带/梳好头 do up the button 扣纽扣 do well / better in… 在……方面干得好/更好 do with 处理,处置,对付 do wrong 做坏事,做错事(比较:do right = do the right thing 做得对) (8)get 短语: get a better understanding of China 更好地了解中国 get a full mark / full marks 得满分 get a lot of satisfaction 得到满足 get at 意指,本意是 get around = get about 四处走动,活动
2

get away 移走,拿走,逃脱,逃离 get away from 逃脱,逃离 get back 回来,回家,取回,找回,退还 get close to 接近 get down 下来,降下 get down on one’s knees 跪下 get down to (doing) sth 开始(做)某事) get in 进入,收获,达到 get in a word 插话 get into… 进入…… get sb into… 使某人陷入 get it 接(电话) ,应(门) ,理解,懂得 get off 下车,脱下(衣服等) get on 上车,过活 get on / along with… 进展,与……相处 get on one’s feet (艰难地)站立起来 get out 离开,出去 get out of 逃避,避免 get over 克服,恢复,原谅 get up 起床,起身 get across 理解,度过 get through 接通(电话) ,完成(工作) ,通过(考试) get to 到达,抵达 get to sleep 入睡,设法睡着 get / gain / take possession of 占有,拥有,占领 get ready for 为……做准备 (比较:be ready for = be well prepared for = be in preparation for 为……做好了准备) get rid of 除掉,去掉 get sb to do 让某人做 get the idea for… 想到……的主意 get the message across 传播信息 get together 相聚,碰头,联欢 get / be used to sth 习惯于……,适应于…… (比较:be used as sth 被用作…… be used for sth 被用于……,用来做…… be used to do sth 被用于做…… used to do sth 过去常常做) get / be dressed 穿衣服 get / be engaged (to sb) (与某人)订婚 get / be lost 丢失了,迷路 get / be married (to sb) = marry (sb) (与某人)结婚 get / be stuck 陷进去,被困住,被难住,遇到困难 get / be tired of 对……感到厌倦,对……失去兴趣 (比较:get / be tired for 因……而感到疲倦) (9)give 短语: give away 赠送,给予,背弃,泄露,分发 give back 归还,送回 give in 投降,让步,屈服 give off 释放,发出,放出 (烟、光、热等) give out 用完,耗尽,分发,发放 give over = hand over 转交,移交 give up 放弃,辞去 give a concert 开音乐会 give a description of… 描述…… give / make a speech 演讲,讲话 give a talk 演讲,做报告 give birth to 生婴儿,生产,造成 give close attention to 密切关注 give medical care to sb 对某人进行治疗 give shade in summer 夏天时遮阳 give / lend sb a hand 给某人帮助 give sb a message = give a message to sb 给某人捎个口信 give sb a second look 再看某人一眼 give sb a warm welcome 热烈欢迎某人 give sb some advice on sth / doing sth / how to do sth 就……向某人提出建议/忠告 (10)go 短语: go abroad 出国 go about 四处走走,开始做,着手干 go about from house to house 挨/逐家拜访 go against 违反,违背
3

go ahead 说吧,干吧,领先,走在前面 go / walk around 四处走走 go away 走开,离去 go back 回去 go beyond 超越 go by 走过,经过, (时间)消逝,过去 go down 下来,落下,倒下 go down on one’s knees 跪下 go for 为……去,努力获取,主张,适用于 go for a hike = go hiking 去徒步旅行 go for a job interview 去面试找工作 go for a walk / walks 散步 go for sb 对某人也一样 go in for 参加,喜欢 go into 详细调查 go into details 细说 go off 走开,离去, (闹钟)闹响 go off to = be off to = leave for 动身去 go off the air 停止广播(比较:go on the air 开始广播) go on 发生,进行,继续 go / be on diet 在节食 go on (a) holiday 去度假 go on a tour to 去……观光(游览) go on a visit to 去……访问(参观) go on doing sth 继续做某事(同一事) [比较:go on to do sth 继续做某事(另一事) go on with sth 继续某事] go out 熄灭,出去 ,外出 go over 复习,过一遍,仔细检查,审阅 go past 从……的旁边过去 go up 上升,上涨,增长,攀登 go with… 与……相配 go without 忍受没有……之苦,没有……也行,没有……也能勉强应付 go shopping / fishing / sailing / camping / skating 去购物/钓鱼/驾船航行/宿营/滑冰 go straight along 沿着……一直往前走 go through 通过,经受,浏览,仔细检查 go through with 完成 go to bed (上床)睡觉 go to school / work 上学/上班 go to sea 当水手 go to sleep 入睡 go to town 进城 go to a movie 去看电影 go to the country(side) 下乡 go home / there 回家/去那儿 go to see a doctor 去看病,去看医生 go bad 变坏 go wrong 出毛病,不对头,做错事,误入歧途 go Dutch 各付各的帐,平摊费用 (11)have 短语: have a break 休息一下 have a bright future 有一个灿烂的未来 have (got) a cold / cough / headache / fever 感冒/咳嗽/头疼/发烧 have a conversation with sb 与某人交谈 [比较:have a dialogue with sb 与某人对话 have a talk with sb (about sth) (就某事)与某人进行交流 have a word with sb = would like a word with sb 和某人谈几句,跟某人说句话] have a gift for… 对……有天赋(比较:have a reputation for… 有……名誉/名声) have a good flight (坐飞机)旅途愉快 have a good knowledge of … 对……很熟悉,通晓…… have a good laugh over… 对……笑了个够 have a good / great / wonderful time = have (great) fun 玩得(非常)高兴,过得愉快 have a / the habit of …= be in a / the habit of… 有……的习惯 (比较:get into / form the habit of… 养成……的习惯 get sb into the habit of… 使某人养成……的习惯) have a hit 风靡一时 have a large population 人口众多
4

have / take a look 看一看 have a meeting / party 开会/举行晚会 have a nice / pleasant trip / journey 祝旅途愉快 have (got ) a pain (in the…) (身体某部位)痛 have a part-time job 做兼职工作 have a (good) rest 休息 have / take a seat 坐下(比较:have / take one’s seat 坐某人的座位) have a stomachache 胃疼,肚子疼 have a sweet tooth 喜欢吃甜食 have a swim 游泳 have a table tennis match 举行一场乒乓球比赛 have a test 进行测验 have a try 试一试 have / show an appetite for… 有……的欲望或爱好 have / make an appointment with sb 和某人有预约, 和某人有约定 have an effect on / upon… 对……有影响,对……产生作用 (比较:influence… = affect … 对……有影响 have no effect / influence on … 对……没有影响 have a good / bad effect on … 对……有好/坏影响 have a great / little effect on … 对……有很大的影响/影响不大 have a strong influence on… 对……有很大影响) have / take an exam 参加考试 have an eye for 有眼力,有眼光 have an income of … 有……的收入 have access to … 使用(接近……的)权利或机会 have breakfast / lunch / supper 吃早饭/午饭/晚饭 have lessons / classes 上课 have mercy on… 宽恕……,对……仁慈,对……表示怜悯 have no chance of surviving 没有生存的可能性 have no choice but to do sth 别无选择,只好做某事 have none of … 根本不理睬…… have on 穿着 have sth on sb 某人身上带着某物 have / take one’s medicine 服药,吃药 have some difficulty / trouble / problems with … 在……有困难/麻烦事 [比较:have some difficulty / trouble / problems (in ) doing sth 做某事有困难/麻烦] have something / nothing in common (with…) (与……)有共同点/没有共同之处 (比较:have much / a lot in common with… 与……有许多相同之处 have little in common with… 与……几乎没有相同之处) have something / nothing to do with … 与……有关/无关 have to = have got to 不得不,必须 (12)hold 短语: hold a meeting / party 开会/举行晚会 hold back 退缩,踌躇,阻挡,控制住 hold one’s breath 屏息,不出气 hold on 等一等,不要挂电话 hold on to 抓住,保住 hold out 伸出,坚持下去,维持 hold up 阻挡,使停顿,举起,拿起,阻滞 hold together 连在一起,团结一致 (13)keep 短语: keep away from 避开,别靠近 keep back 隐瞒,忍住,阻止……向前,留下 keep down 控制 keep off 勿踏,勿踩 keep off sb / sth 不接触或不接近某人/某事物 keep on 继续进行 keep out 不得入内 keep…out 把……挡住,把……留在外面 keep out of … 不进入…… keep up 继续,保持,坚持,使(情绪等)不低落 keep up with… = catch up with… 跟上,赶上
5

keep a date 赴约 keep a healthy diet 保持健康的饮食 keep a record / records 保持记录 keep an eye on 注视,留心,注意,照顾 (比较:keep an eye out for 注视,留心,注意) keep busy doing 忙着做某事 keep fit 保持健康 keep…in mind = learn…by heart = remember… 把……记住 keep (on) doing sth 继续不停地做某事 [比较:keep sb doing sth 使某人一直/继续做某事 keep … from doing 阻止……做,不让……做 stop / prevent… (from) doing 妨碍/预防/阻止……做,不让……做] keep one’s appointment 守约(比较:break one’s appointment 违约) keep one’s balance 保持平衡 keep one’s word(s) 遵守诺言 keep safe 保持安全 keep silent over … 对……保持沉默 keep the same look 保持原貌 keep watch 保持警戒,站岗 (14)knock 短语: knock at /on 敲打(门、窗等) knock down 把……撞倒,击倒 knock into 撞到,撞上某人,偶然碰见 knock sb out (of sth) 淘汰某人 knock over 撞翻,撞倒 (15)look 短语: look at 看着,注视,检查 look at oneself in the mirror = admire oneself in the mirror 照镜子 look after 照顾,照料,照看 look ahead 向前看,展望未来 look around / about 四处看看,四下环顾 look back 回首,回忆,回顾过去 look back on… 回顾……,回忆…… look forward to sth /doing sth 盼望,期盼某事物/做某事 look for 寻找,找 look in 来访,参观 look into… 往……里面看,浏览,调查,研究 look (right) into sb’s eyes 直视着 look like… 看起来像…… (比较:look the same 看起来像) look on 旁观,观望 look out = be careful = take care 留神,当心,注意,警惕,提防 look out for 警惕,留心,找出来 look over… 翻阅, (仔细)检查 look through 看透,仔细查看,浏览,翻阅,温习 look up 仰视,往上看, (在字典或参考书中)查阅,查寻 look up to sb 敬仰,仰望,尊敬(比较:look down on / upon sb 瞧不起,鄙视,轻视) look / be worried 看上去/感到担心 (16)make 短语: make into 制成,作成(后面跟产品,制成品) [比较:be made in 在……生产/制造 be made of 由……组成/构成,用某种原材料制成(物理变化) be made from 由……组成/构成,用某种原材料制成(化学变化) be made up of = consist of 由……组成,由……构成] make out 理解,看清楚 make up 化妆,打扮,和解,配制,编造,虚构,构成,组成 make up for 弥补,补充,补偿 made up one’s mind 下决心 make a choice 做出选择 make a commitment 承诺,保证 make a comment / comments (on / upon…) (对……)发表评论 make a (great) contribution to… 为……做出(巨大)贡献,为……捐款
6

make a decision 做出决定 make a (no) difference (没)有关系/影响 make a face / faces 扮鬼脸 make a fire 生火 make a film / blockbuster/follow-ups 拍电影/巨片/续集 make a fool of sb = fool sb 愚弄某人(比较:make fool of … 愚弄) make / leave / create a good impression (on sb) (给某人)留下好印象 make a mistake / mistakes 犯错误 make (a) noise 制造噪音,发出令人不愉快的声音 make a note / notes of… 记录,做笔记 ,记下来 make a plan (for… ) (为……)制订计划,制订一个(……的)计划 make a point of doing sth 认为做某事重要或有必要 make a promise 承诺 make a record 录制唱片,做记录 (比较:record a song 录一首歌 set a world record 创造世界记录) make (a) suggestion (on …) 提出(关于……)的建议 make a telephone call 打电话 make / take a trip / journey to … 去某地旅行 make conversation 交谈 make (both) ends meet 使收支相抵 make friends with sb 与某人交朋友 make fun of… 取笑,嘲笑,和……开玩笑 make it(事业上)获得成功 make jokes about sb 拿某人开玩笑,以某人为笑柄 make mistake about… 犯了……错误 make / earn money 挣钱 make oneself at home 不拘束,别客气 make oneself known 使/让自己出名 make one’s way to… 往……走去 make progress (in …) (在……方面)取得进步 make sense 有意义,有道理,讲得通 make sense of… 弄懂……的意思 make sth to (one’s own) measure (按自己的尺寸)定做 make sure 确保,确认,查明 make the adjustment to… 适应…… make the / one’s bed 整理床铺 make (full) use of …= make the most / best of … (充分)利用 (17)pass 短语: pass away 去世,死(委婉说法) pass by 通过,从旁边经过 pass down 传下来,流传,使世代相传 ,一代一代传下去 pass on (to sb) 转交给(某人),传给(某人) pass on from one generation to the next 一代代流传下来 pass out 失去知觉,昏厥 pass through 穿过,越过 pass sth from one to another 把某事物从一人传到另一人手上 pass the examination 通过考试 (18)pay 短语: pay attention to … 对……注意,留心…… pay a visit to sb / a place 访问,拜访(某人) ,参观(某地) pay back 偿还(借款) ,报答,报复 pay for 付款,付费,付代价 (比较:pay a high price for … 付高价) pay off 还清(欠款) pay sb a visit 拜访某人 pay the bill 买单,付帐单 (19)pick 短语: pick out 挑选,认出 pick up 拾起,接收,学会(语言) ,开车去接,康复,购买(便宜商品)
7

(20)put 短语: put away 将某物收拾起来,存钱,储存,存起来 put down 扑灭,平息,镇压,记下 put forward 提出,建议,推荐 put off 延期,拖延 put on (戏)上演,放(唱片) ,穿戴 put on a performance 演出 put out 扑灭,熄灭,使……停止燃烧,伸出,出版,生产 put up 挂起,张贴,举起,抬起,搭起,建立 put up with 忍受,容忍 put into 使进入,输入,投入 put/translate…into 把……译成 put one’s heart into… 全神贯注于…… put sb in / into prison 把某人关进监狱 put …to use 使用……,运用…… put a date to sth 注明日期 (比较:set / fix the date 确定日期 to date 到目前为止) put an end to … 结束…… put …together 把……放在一起 (21)send 短语: send away 让走开 send for sb 派人去请某人,请某人来 send in 寄送某处进行处理 send out 派遣,发出(信号、通知等) send up 发射,射出,往上送 send sb to sleep 让某人睡觉 send signals by … 通过……发送信号 (22)set 短语: set about (doing) sth 着手,开始 set aside 留出,搁/放在一边 set down 放下,记下 set off 出发,起程,引起爆炸,激起,引起 set out (for…) 出发往(……) ,动身去(……) set out to do 开始做,着手做 set up 创立,设立,开办,竖起,支起 set /give a (good) example to… 为……树立(好)榜样 set a goal 设定目标 set fire to sth = set sth on fire 纵火,放火烧 set foot on / in… 踏上……,到达,进入 set one’s mind to do sth 一心想做 set sail for 起航去…… set sail from 从……起航 set sb a good example in … 在……为某人树立榜样 set sb free 释放某人,解放某人 (23)stand 短语: stand by sb = support sb = take sb’s side 支持某人 stand for 代表,表示,象征,容忍,支持/拥护,为……的候选人 stand out 突出,显眼 stand up 起立,站起来 stand still = stay still 站着不动 (24)take 短语: take after 与某人相像 take along 带领,携带 take … apart = separate … 把……分开 take away 拿走,拿去,使离开 take away from… 从……带/拿走 take back 退回,拿回,收回 take down 拿下,记下,记录 take for… 当作……,误以为是…… take in 吸收,接纳,上当 take off (飞机)起飞,脱掉(衣帽/鞋) ,成名,成功,很快上升,开始流行/畅销 take on 呈现 take out 拿出,取出 take over 继承,接管,接替 take up 从事,开始,专注于,占去(时间、空间、地位等) take a bank loan 向银行贷款 take a bath 洗澡 take a chance / chances 碰运气,冒险
8

take a critical attitude towards… 对……持批判态度 take a few deep breaths 深呼吸 take / have a degree in … 取得……学位 take a hands-on approach to education 通过动手实践的方式来进行接受教育 take a message (to sb) (给某人)捎个口信 比较:leave a message (to sb) (给某人)留个口信 take a photo (of …) (给……)照相,拍(……)照片 take a risk / risks 冒险 take a shower 沐浴,洗澡 take a sip 呡一小口 take a taxi to... = go to ...by taxi 乘出租车 take a walk / ride / holiday 散步/兜风/休假 take (an) interest in … 对……感兴趣 (比较:be into = be interested in 对……感兴趣 have / show interest in 对……感兴趣) take advantage of 对……加以利用 take … by surprise 对……突然袭击,出乎……意料 take care 小心, 注意 take care of 照顾,照看 take effect 生效,奏效 take exercise 运动,活动 take … for example 以……为例 take / get / catch hold of 握住,抓住 take it easy 放心好了,别着急,从容,不紧张 take ... into consideration 顾及,考虑到,体谅 (比较:under consideration 在考虑中,在研究中) take lessons 上课 take notes 做笔记,做记录 take notice of 注意 take one’s seat 就座,坐在自己位子上(转义为就职) take one’s time 从容,不急,慢慢行动 [比较:take time 花费(时间)] take part 参加 (比较:take part in… = join in… = participate in… 参加…… take an active part in… 积极参加……) take place 发生,出现,举行 [比较:take the place of … = take sb’s place 取代,代替(某人的位置)] take pride in …= be proud of… 对……感到自豪 take responsibility for … = be responsible for … 对……负起责任 take sb in the arms 拥抱,搂抱 take / hold / keep sb prisoner 囚禁/俘虏某人 (比较:sb be taken / held / kept prisoner 某人被囚禁/俘虏) take sb seriously 看重某人 take sb some time to do sth 花费某人……时间去做某事 take sb’s temperature 给某人量体温 take sth along with sb 随身携带某物 take shelter 躲避 take sides with sb in sth 在某事上支持/偏袒某人 take steps / measures / action to do sth 采取措施做某事,采取(……的)行动 take turns to do sth / in doing sth 轮流做某事 (25)think 短语: think about 思考,考虑(是否去做) think of 想到,想起,认为,对……有看法/想法 think out 想出 think over 仔细考虑 think through… 思考……直到得出结论 think up 提出,想出,设计出 think twice 再三考虑,仔细考虑
9

think highly / well of = speak highly of = sing high praise for 对……高度评价 (26)turn 短语: turn against 转而反对,背叛 turn around / round 转身,转过来 turn … away 赶走……,辞退……,把……打发走 turn on 打开(灯,气,水,电器等) turn off 关掉(灯,气,水,电器等) turn up 把音量开大,卷起,翻起,发生,出现,到达 turn down 关小/调低(音量/热度) ,拒绝 turn over 把……翻过来,翻动,犁翻(土地) ,细想 turn in 交进,上缴,归还 turn into 变成 turn…into… 把……变成……,转变成 turn to… 转向……,向……求助,查阅 turn out 结果是,生产 turn out to be 被证明是, 结果是 turn right / left 向右/向左拐 turn writer = become a writer 成为作家

2.以介词或副词为中心的动词短语 (l)动词+about speak/talk about 谈论 think about 思考 care about 关心,对……有兴趣 bring about 引起,使发生 set about 着手,开始 come about 发生 hear about 听说 worry about 为……担心 (2)动词+at aim at 向……瞄准,旨在 run at 冲向,向……攻击 call at 拜访(地点) tear at 用力撕 look at 看,注视 work at 干……活动(研究) come at 向……袭击 shout at 冲(某人)嚷嚷 stare at 凝视 glare at 怒视 glance at 匆匆一瞥 laugh at 嘲笑 knock at 敲(门、窗等) point at 指向 smile at 冲(某人)笑 strike at 向……打击 shoot at 向……射击 wonder at 惊讶 (3)动词+away die away 逐渐消失 put away 收拾起来,存起来 pass away 去世
10

wash away 冲走 take away 拿走 give away 背弃,泄漏 send away 让走开 turn away 把……打发走 wear away 磨掉,消耗 throw away 扔掉 blow away 吹走 carry away 拿走,使入迷 clear away 清除掉,消散 break away 摆脱 (4)动词+back keep back 隐瞒,忍住 hold back 控制住 give back 归还 call back 回电话 take back 拿回,收回 look back(on) 回顾 (5)动词+down cut down 削减,砍倒 put down 记下,写下,镇压 take down 记下,记录 turn down 调小,拒绝 slow down 慢下来 pass down 传下来 calm down 平静下来 burn down 烧毁 tear down 拆毁,拆除 come down 下落,传下 break down 坏了,垮了,分解 bring down 使……降低,使倒下 settle down 安家

(6)动词+from die from 因……而死 hear from 收到……来信 learn from 向……学习 differ from 与……不同 suffer from 受……苦 result from 由于 separate…from 把……分离开 keep/stop/prevent…from 不让……做 date from=date back to 始于……时期,追溯到 (7)动词+for run for 竞选 ask for 要求得到 beg for 乞求 wait for 等候 look for 寻找 call for 需要,要求 hunt for 寻找 long for 渴望 care for 关心,喜欢 seek for 寻找 come for 来拿,来取 apply for 申请 stand for 代表,表示 search for 查找 change…for 用……换 charge…for 收费,要价 take…for 误以为……是 hope/wish for 希望得到 (8)动词十 in get in 收获,进入 fill in 填写 cut in 插入 join in 参加 look in 来访,参观 hand in 上交 drop in 拜访 give in 让步 take in 接纳,吸收 call in 召集,来访 bring in 引进,使得到收入 break in 强制进入,插话 result in 导致 succeed in 在……获成功 persist in 坚持 (9)动词十 into run into 碰到
11

look into 研究,调查,往里面看 burst into 闯入,进发 turn into 变成 change…into 把……变成 divide…into 把……分成 put/translate…into 把……译成 (l0)动词+of die of 死于 talk of 谈到 hear of 听说 think of 想到 dream of 梦到 speak of 谈到 consist of 由……组成 approve of 赞成 complain of 抱怨 become of 发生……情况,怎么啦 (l1)动词+out go out 熄灭 set out 出发,着手 try out 试用,试验 put out 扑灭 run out 用完 let out 泄漏,发出(声音) pick out 选出 hold out 坚持下去 wear out 穿破,使……疲劳 make out 理解,看清楚 keep out(of) 使不进入,挡住 find out 查出,弄明白 work out 算出,想出办法等 send out 发出,派遣 give out 散发,分发,用完 look out 当心,提防 hand out 散发,分发 help out 救助 turn out 结果是,生产 come out 出版,出来 cross out 划掉 burst out 进发 carry out 执行 break out 爆发 point out 指出 figure out 算出 bring out 阐明,使表现出 leave out 省略,删掉 speak out 大胆讲出

(l2)动词+over go over 审阅,检查,研究 get over 克服 run over 压死,看一遍 take over 接管,接替 turn over 翻倒,细想 fall over 跌倒,摔倒 roll over 翻滚 look over 翻阅,检查 think over 仔细考虑 watch over 看守,照看 (l3)动词十 to add to 增添 get to 到达 see to 处理,料理 turn to 向……求助,查阅 come to 共计,苏醒 lead to 导致,通向 reply to 答复 refer to 谈到,涉及,参阅 bring to 使苏醒 agree to 同意 object to 反对 point to 指向 write to 写信给 relate to 理解,同情,涉及, (与……)有关 attend to 处理 belong to 属于 supply…to 为……提供 devote…to 贡献给 stick/hold/keep to 坚持,忠于 compare…to 与……相比,把……比作 (l4)三词以上的短语动词 do well in 在……干得好 make up for 弥补 look down on / upon 轻视 break away from 摆脱 keep away from 避开,别靠近 do away with 废除 put up with 忍受 catch up with = keep up with 赶上 fill up with 用……装满 go on with 继续 get on / along with 和……相处 look forward to 盼望 look up to 仰望,尊敬 add up to 总计
12

live up to 依据……行事;做到;不辜负(期望) get close to 接近 get down to 认真开始 set fire to 放火烧 pay attention to 注意 pay a visit to 访问 take / get / catch hold of 握住 run out of 用完 get out of 逃避,避免 take notice of 注意 take a photo of 拍……照片 take the place of 取代 set an example to 为……树立榜样


更多相关文档:

2014年高考英语完形填空高频词汇

2014年高考英语完形填空高频词汇_高考_高中教育_教育专区。2014高考高三复习资料,绝对是重中之重!资料非常实用,不下载会后悔的呦!!!2014...

2014高考英语高频词汇表

2014高考英语高频词汇表_高考_高中教育_教育专区。柳高国际部 2014 级新生入学必备词汇 高中英语高频词汇: 1.alter v. 改变,改动,变更 2.burst vi.n. 突然...

高考英语高频单词2014

高考英语高频单词 985 A absence n.缺席,不在场,缺乏 absorb vt.吸收,使专心 academic a.学院的,学术的 access n.接近,通道,入口 account n.记述,解释,帐目...

2014高考英语高频词汇表背完可突破

2014高考英语高频词汇表背完可突破_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高考英语高频词汇 1.alter v. 改变,改动,变更 2.burst vi.n. 突然发生,爆裂 3.dispose vi. 除掉...

高考英语高频答案词

高考英语高频答案词_高考_高中教育_教育专区。一、2014 高考英语单选、完形高频答案词 A adapt adjust adopt attract apply adopt appeal adapt:指修改或改变以适应...

2014高考英语核心词汇_考点透析

2014高考英语核心词汇_考点透析_英语_高中教育_教育专区。2014高三高考复习资料,很...目录: 一、2013 阅读吴军猜题秘术: 备选项高频答案特征 二、2013 阅读吴军暗示...

2014届高考英语高频词汇举例解析(三)

2014届高考英语高频词汇举例解析(三)_英语_高中教育_教育专区。2014高考词汇与短语,课直接打印给学生背诵。very good!!2014 届高考英语高频词汇举例解析(三)◆satisf...

2014高考英语必备高频生词

2014高考英语必备高频生词_英语_高中教育_教育专区。2014 高考英语必备 高频生词 ...词汇,词汇表 n. 排球 n. 航行,旅行 n. 腰,腰部,腰围 n.女服务员 a. ...

2014高考英语高频词汇_3500单词 短语

2014高考英语高频词汇_3500单词 短语_高考_高中教育_教育专区。2013年高考英语复习资料,绝对是重中之重!资料非常实用,不下载会后悔的呦!!!...
更多相关标签:
高考英语高频单词 | 2017高考英语高频单词 | 2016高考英语高频单词 | 2014高考英语高频词汇 | 高考高频单词 | 高考完形填空高频单词 | 高考阅读高频单词 | 英语四级高频单词 |
网站地图

文档资料共享网 nexoncn.com copyright ©right 2010-2020。
文档资料共享网内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。email:zhit325@126.com