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高中英语句子结构分析


May our English classes be filled with laughter!

Life can be good,
Life can be bad,

But life is what you make it! So try to make it beautiful.
Be the boss of

your fortune. Wish you every success in your study!

句 子
结 构 分 类

简单句 Simple Sentences 并列句 Compound Sentences

含有一个主语(或并 列主语)和一个谓语(或 并列谓语)的句子 包含两个或两个以上 主谓结构的句子且句子之 间有并列连词and/but等或 用分号连接 包含一个主句和一个 从句或一个主句和多个从 句的句子,且从句用从属 连词引导

复合句 Complex Sentences

1. He learns German. (一个主语和一个谓语) 2. Both Tom and Jack enjoy country music. (并列主语和一个谓语) 3. We sang and danced yesterday evening. (一个主语和并列谓语) 4. My brother and I go to school at half past seven in the morning and come back home at five in the afternoon. (并列主语和并列谓语)

Type 1. S+ link V+P
Type 2. S+Vi Type 3. S+ Vt + O Type 4. S+ Vt + O1+ O2 Type 5. S+ Vt+ O+ OC

1.主语+系动词+表语( S+Link.V+P ),说 明主语的特征、类属、状态、身份。 You are students.

We are in the classroom. We are good friends, aren’t we?

状态:seem, appear, prove --感官:smell, feel, taste, sound, look --变化:become, get, turn, go, come, grow --持续:remain, stay, keep, continue ---

其 它 系动词

Correct mistakes:
1. Her voice sounds beautifully. beautiful 2. The whole company was surprising at surprised the news. to 3. To see isΛbelieve. 4. It seem like a good idea. seems 5. The lightsΛ still on. are 6. All the potatoes changed bad. went 7. Jim was remained a worker.

2.主语+不及物动词 ( S + Vi. )
Our school lies in the center of our city. You will graduate from it next year.

The car accident was happened yesterday.

注:不及物动词不能用于被动语态。

3.主语+及物动词+宾语(S+Vt+O) I like my job very much. What do you want to be in the future ? Each of you has a dream . 注:及物动词可用于被动语态 People use a great deal of water in that city. (主动语态) A great deal of water is used by people in that city. (被动语态)

1. The machine doesn’t work. 句子成分 常用词性 2. He is an honest student. 3. The silk feels soft.





主 系





主语 谓语

系 表 主 4. I have a lot of friends here. 宾语 主谓 宾 状 5. Tom lent me 200 dollars. 定语 主 谓 宾 宾 6. I saw him writing a letter. 状语 主谓 宾 宾补 7. I find maths difficult. 表语 宾 主谓 宾补 8. We call her Lily. 宾补 主 谓 宾 宾补

n/pron. V n./pron.

Adj. Adv.

n./adj. n./adj./ 9. Father asked me to turn off the TV. to do 主 谓 宾 宾补 /doing

Exercises:
1.-Is this raincoat yours? -No, mine______ there behind the door. A. is hanging B. is hung C. hangs D. was hung
2. ______ your head, and you’ll see the sun______ now. A. Raise; rising B. Raise; raising C. To raise, rising D. Lift; being risen

3. More than a dozen students in that school______ abroad to study medicine last year. (2005年上海) A. sent B. were sent C. had sent D. had been sent

4. The hero’s story______ differently in the newspaper. (2005年全国I、II) A. was reported B. was reporting C. Reports D. reported

My name is Jin Yaqian. I like singing very much. In my opinion, it can give me a lot of fun. So I always ask my friends to go singing with me. I will succeed one day. My name is Jia Qiao. Some people call me Joy. Time flies. I’m 17 years old now, I feel happy to study in No. High School. I enjoy writing diaries in my blog and playing the piano. I always tell myself to be confident. 两个简单句之间应该有连词,或者用句号。

Good pronunciation leads to good spoken English. makes for remembering memorizing words quickly.

vowels 元音(12个单8个双) be divided into consonants辅音(28个)

在中国早期,一个发音不太准的英语 老师给同学们上课。那老师是个秃头。 上课时,老师说:“What day is today?”因发音不准,说成了“我的 头is 秃头?” 同学们愣了一下齐声 说:“Yes.”

Unit 1 friendship
Listen to a poem about friendship and try to fill the blank

loves at all times A friend ______ helps at all times A friend ______ trusts at all times A friend ______ lasts a lifetime A good friend_______

gives at all times A friend ______ cares at all times A friend ______
endures at all times A friend ______

lasts a lifetime A good friend_______

What qualities do you think a good friend should have?

brave

handsome

beautiful

smart

friend friend
friendl y honest

strong

kind

Describe yourself in three words and then describe one of your friends
?

I think I am _____, ______ and_______. ? I think he/ she is _____,______and ______.

Do you think you are a good friend? please do the survey in the textbook

Some proverbs about friends and friendship
When you meet your friend, your face shines--- you have found gold.

A friend to all is a friend to none. False friends are worse than open enemies. A friend in need is a friend indeed.
The same man cannot be both friend and flatterer.

Walking with a friend in the dark is better than walking alone in the light.

Group work: basic elements of friends
F R I E N D S H I P Forgiving, fair, forever, faithful, friendly… Real, responsible, reliable, respectful…

Important, interesting…
Enjoyable,everlasting, equal, encouraging…

Nice…
Devoted, different…

Sincere, sharing…
Helpful, honest…

Independent …
Pure, polite, precious, patient, …

"A friend is one who walks in when others walk out" -Walter Winchell

Choose either of the topics to discuss in pairs.

1. Who is your best friend? Tell us stories of your friendship.
2. Does a friend always have to be a person? Tell us about your unusual friends.

Can I take a break ?

Tell me something about yourself. --born; be good at/do well in, be interested in/be into/be fond of, dream/wish, achievements(成就)

Tell me your difficulty in learning English.
Give me some advice about English teaching.

Self-introduction

I am called/named...I was born…

I graduated from... High School
I like/love/enjoy... I am fond of... hobby ...is my favorite.

I am a person who....


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