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2015届高考英语二轮专题精练:动词的时态和语态(2)


2015 届高考英语二轮专题精练:动词的时态和语态(2)
26.— Mr. White didn't come last night, did he? — No, we ________ A. had waited C. were waiting 【答案】D 【解析】 题干的前提是过去时态,答句的动作发生在“昨晚之前一直到昨晚”,故用过去完成进行时。 27. —

Was the driving pleasant when you went to Mexico last summer? — No, it________for five days when we arrived, so the roads were very muddy. A. was raining C. rained 【答案】D 【解析】 从问句提供的时间背景来看,雨是过去某一时刻开始下的,一直持续到 we arrived 这一过去 动作之前,故用过去完成进行时。 28. My mother is ________ a piece of meat. A.knife C.knifed 【答案】B 【解析】句意为:妈妈正在用刀切一块肉。knife 在此为动词,意为“用刀切”。 29. —Have you bought a typewriter? —Yes.I ________ to type. A.am going to learn C.am to learn 【答案】A 【解析】句意为:——你买了台打字机吗?——是的,我想学打字。由句意可知后者的打算
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for him. A whole night was wasted. B. have been waiting D. had been waiting

B. would be raining D. had been raining

B.knifing D.knifes

B.will learn D.will go to learn

是经过事先考虑的,所以应使用“be going to+动词原形”。 30. “OK,OK.”Zhou Kai went and did as he ________. A.told C.was told 【答案】C 【解析】句意为:“好吧,好吧。”周凯(不情愿地)按要求去做了。由句中的 went 排除 B、D 两项,根据句意应用被动形式,故排除 A 项。 31. —How can I apply for an online course? —Just fill out this form and we ________ what we can do for you. A.see C.have seen 【答案】D 【解析】此处为“祈使句+and+陈述句”结构,在 and 之后的句子常用一般将来时态。 【标题】2014-2015 学年高中英语(外研版,必修二)课时作业:Module 1 Period 3 32. —I’ve come out without any money. —Never mind.I ________ you some. A.am going to lend C.have lent 【答案】B 【解析】句意为:——我出来时没带钱。——不要紧,我会借给你些钱。由句意可知后者是 对对方的话作出的即时反应,故应使用 will。 33. —Why did you buy paint? —I ________ paint my house tomorrow. A.will be C.am about to 【答案】D
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B.is told D.tells

B.are seeing D.will see

B.will lend D.am to lend

B.am going D.am going to

【解析】根据句意知是“将来打算做某事”,故用 D 项。 34. —Tom,you didn’t come to the party last night? —I ________,but I suddenly remembered I had homework to do. A.had to C.was going to 【答案】C 【解析】have to 不得不;be going to do sth.表示按计划或安排要做某事。根据 but 可知,此 处应选择 C 项。 35. Look at the timetable.Hurry up!Flight 4026 ________ off at 18∶20. A.takes C.will be taken 【答案】A 【解析】句意为:看看时间表。快点吧!4026 航班在 18∶20 起飞。根据题意,此处应表示 将来的动作,当按照时间表的安排,预定某事在某时发生时,常用一般现在时态,所以 A 项正确。C 项的被动语态是错误的。 36. —Guess what,we’ve got our visas for a short?term visit to the UK this summer. —How nice!You________a different culture then. A.will be experiencing B.have experienced C.have been experiencing D.will have experienced 【答案】A 【解析】 句意为: ——猜猜这是什么, 我们已经拿到了今年夏天去英国短期旅游的签证。 —— 好极了!那时你将体验不同的文化。由“刚拿到签证”可知“体验不同文化”是将来的事,需用 将来时态,故排除 B、C 两项;D 项将来完成时态,句意没体现,故 A 项正确。 37. By doing exercise every morning,his weight ________.
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B.didn’t D.wouldn’t

B.took D.has taken

A.has become light C.has been reduced 【答案】C

B.is small D.reduce

【解析】 reduce weight“减肥”, weight 与 reduce 之间存在逻辑上的动宾关系, 故用被动语态。 38. —Can you attend the party tomorrow? —I think I can if my headache________ completely. A.will disappear C.disappears 【答案】C 【解析】考查时态和语态。disappear 为不及物动词,无被动语态形式,可排除 D。在 if 引 导的条件状语从句中,常用一般现在时表示将来。 39. —Is Mr.Stephen in,please?He________ me. —Yes,sir,in the meeting room. A.was expecting C.is expected 【答案】D 【解析】考查时态。根据语境,说话时 Mr.Stephen 正在等我,故使用进行时。 40. The manager is said to have arrived back from Paris where he ______ some European partners. A.would meet 【答案】D 【解析】 【知识点】动词的时态与语态 解析:不定式动作 to have arrived 说明发生在过去,定语从句 met 发生在过去的过去,故用 过去完成时。句意:据说经理已经从巴黎回来了,在那里会见了一些欧洲生意伙伴。 41. —Why.Jack, you look so tired!
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B.is disappearing D.is disappeared

B.expects D.is expecting

B.is meeting

C.meets

D.had met

—Well.I A.was painting C.have painted 【答案】D 【解析】

the house and I must finish the work tomorrow. B.will be painting D.have been painting

【知识点】动词的时态与语态 解析:根据 I must finish the work tomorrow 可知,我给房子上油漆一直进行到现在,而且到 明天才会完成。所以用现在完成进行时。 42. 【标题】湖南省长沙长郡中学 2015 届高三上学期第四次月考英语试题 The president hopes that the people will be better off when he quits than when he _____. A.has started 【答案】C 【解析】 【知识点】动词的时态与语态 解析:目前总统是在职的,就职是过去的事,所以用过去式。句意:总统希望他离职的时候 人民会比他就职的时候更富裕。 43. A lot of tall buildings ______ in Shanghai in the past three years. A. have set up C. set up 【答案】B 44. — I don’t understand why you didn’t go to the lecture yesterday afternoon. — I’m so sorry.But I _____ my homework. A.had done 【答案】B 45.Give me an undisturbed hour and I ________ the work Tom has left unfinished. A.see to 【答案】B 【解析】
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B.starts

C.started

D.will start

B. have been set up D. were being set up

B.was doing

C.would do

D.am doing

B.will see to C.would be seeing to

D.have seen to

考查时态。句意:给我一个小时的安静时间,我将处理好汤姆留下的未完成的工作。此处是 “祈使句+and+陈述句”的结构,陈述句中通常用一般将来时,故选 B 项。 46. Their love _____ quickly over the months that followed after they met in a dating show. A. was developed 【答案】B 【解析】 试题分析: 考查动词的时态。句意:当他们在一个相亲会上遇见之后 ,他们的感情发展的 很快。 根据句意, 两人的感情发展的很快, 不用被动语态, 也不用过去完成时, 根据排除法, 故选 B 项。 47. 【标题】四川省成都外国语学校 2015 届高三 12 月月考英语试题 I won’t tell the student the answer to the math problem until he hour. A. has been working C. will have been working 【答案】A 【解析】 【知识点】动词的时态与语态 解析:首先,由于 until 引导的是时间状语从句,根据“主将从现”原则,当主句为将来时态 时,时间状语从句不能直接用将来时态来表示将来意义,据此可排除 B 和 C;而选项 D 为过 去完成时,也不能选,因为“过去完成时”必须以“过去”为支点,表示“过去的过去”,但此句 并没有过去时态这一支点,故此选项也被排除,for+段时间要用现在完成时,选 A。句意: 我 不会告诉学生数学题目的答案,直到他算了一个多小时。 48. 【标题】四川省德阳市 2015 届高三第一次诊断考试英语试题 —Hi, Charlie, you look tired. —I am tired. I A.painted 【答案】C 【解析】
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B. developed C. had developed

D. would develop

on it for more than an

B. will have worked D. had worked

the fence all day. B.had painted C.have been paining D.have painted

【知识点】动词的时态与语态 表示到说话时为止,一整天都在干的事用现在完成进行时态;时间状语 all+段时间,一般用 完成进行时态。 49. When and where to go for our holiday this summer ________ yet. A. has not decided C. has not been decided 【答案】C 50. — I phoned you at seven last night, but nobody answered. — Oh, I ______ some shopping in the supermarket. A. do B. did 【答案】C C. was doing D. have done B. are not decided D. have not been decided

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