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状语从句


Adverbial Clauses
(状语从句)
Module 6 Films and TV programmes

Different Kinds of Adverbial Clauses:

1.Adverbial Clauses of Time:(时间状语从句) 2.Adverbial Clauses of Re

ason(原因状语从句) 3.Adverbial Clauses of Conditions(条件状语从句) 4.Adverbial Clauses of Place (地点状语从句) 5.Adverbial Clauses of Purpose (目的状语从句) 6.Adverbial Clauses of Result(结果状语从句) 7.Adverbial Clauses of Comparison(比较) 8.Adverbial Clauses of Concession(让步) 9.Adverb Clauses of Manner(方式状语从句 )

1.Adverbial Clauses of Time:(时间状语从句) when, while, as, before, after, since, until, as soon as, every time, each time, the moment, by the time , immediately , the minute , the second….

I.when

1)When he comes here tomorrow, I”ll call you. (at that time) 2)Henry is in charge of the office when Mr.Smith is away. (during the time that)

II.while
1)While he was walking in the street, he met Tim. (分词短语) While walking in the street,he met Tim. Walking in the street ,he met Tom. 2)He learned to speak English while he was here.
3)I like tea while she likes coffee.

III. as (一边...一边,随着) 1)As they were picking tea,the girls were singing happily. 2) She sang as she worked. IV. Before 1)It won’t be long before he finishes his writing.

V. After 1)After he (had) finished his work,he left there. He (had) finished his work before he left here. After finishing his work,he left here. Having finished his work,he left here. VI. since (from the time that) 1)I have known him ever since he was a boy. 2)I have worked here since I graduated from the university. *3)It is (has been)two years since he came here.

VII. until (till) (up to the time that) 1)He will not go to bed until(till) his mother comes. 2)Until she told me, I had no idea of what they had said. 3)It is not until his mother comes home that he will go to bed.(强调结构)

VIII .as soon as 1)As soon as she got home,she began to cook.

On getting home,she began to cook.
*IX. every time,each time,the moment 1)Every time/each time I catch a cold,I have pain in my back. 2)There was an applause the moment (as soon as) she appeared on the stage.

X. by the time 1)By the time he arrived,the train had already gone. 2)By the time he comes,we will already have left.

Exercises: as soon as 1.They walked out of the room _________the meeting was over. 2.They must stay in school by _________they are the time sixteen. before 3.Take the medicine _________you go to bed.

until 4.I knew nothing about it _______he told me. 5.It is more than five years _____we started to since learn English.

As 6._______he talked on, he got more and more excited.
while 7.We should strike _______the iron is hot.

2.Adverbial Clauses of Reason(原因状语从句)

because, since, as, now that, for

I. because
1)The ship changed its course because there was a storm. The ship changed its course because of the storm. 2)Because he was ill,he didn’t go to school. He was ill ,so he didn’t go to school. Being ill, he didn’t go to school.

II.since 1)Since you are ill,you’d better go to see the doctor. 2)Since you do not understand ,I will explain again. III.as 1)As she was late for class,she had to say sorry. 2)As Jane was the oldest in this family, she had to look after the others.

IV. now that 1)Now that class is over,let’s go to play football.
V.for He must be ill, for he is absent today.

Exercises:
1.The teacher must be strict with you ____ they want you to make great progress. 2.____your father is well again,you no longer have anything to worry about. 3.The day breaks,_____the birds are singing.

3.Adverbial Clauses of Condition (条件状语从句) I.if 1)If he had worked harder,he would have passed the exam. 2)If you work harder,you will succeed. Work harder, and you will succeed. Work harder,or you won’t succeed. Working harder,you will succeed.

II.unless 1)We can’t write to Mary unless she tells us her address. We can’t write to Mary if she doesn’t tell us her address.

*III.as long as(只要 ) 1)I will never give up learning as long as I live. 2)You may borrow the book as long as you keep it clean.

*IV.on condition that(条件是) We’ll let you use the room on condition that you keep it tidy. *V.in case(万一) You’d better take your raincoat with you in case it rains.

4.Adverbial Clauses of Place (地点状语从句) You may find him where his parents live.

5.Adverbial Clauses of Purpose (目的状语从句) so that /in order that They set out early so that (in order that) they might arrive there in time. They set out early in order to( so as to) arrive there in time.

6.Adverbial Clauses of Result(结果状语从句) so…that…,such…that… 1) It is so good a story that I’ll never forget it. It is such a good story that I’ll never forget it. 2)such+adj.+名词 +that clause 3)so +adj./adv. +that clause 4)so + many/few + 复数名词 +that clause much/little+不可数名词

7.Adverbial Clauses of Comparison(比较) as…as,not as(so)…as, more/-er…than,less…than 1)He doesn’t work so hard as you do. 2)There is as much ink in bottle A as in bottle B. 3)The more you worry,the less you’ll succeed. 4) Gold is much heavier than any other metal. 8.Adverbial Clauses of Concession(让步) 1)Although(Though) he is old ,he works hard. He is old,but he works hard. *2)Even though (even if)you say so,I don’t believe it. (即使 )

*3. Difficult as the work is,we’ll finish it on time. Though the work is difficult,we’ll finish it on time. 4.Whenever(No matter when) you come to our country,you will be warmly welcomed. 5.Wherever(No matter where) he goes,he always brings two bodyguards with him.

9.Adverb Clauses of Manner(方式状语从句 ) 1) You must try to do as I did. * 2)Let’s do as Mrs. Li teaches us. *3)He talks as if he knew all about it. (好象 )

Exercises:Fill in the blank with a conjunction. (where, unless, if, as, such…that, even though , as if, now that) 1.A driver should slow down ___the roads are narrow. 2.___you mail the letter today, it won’t arrive there. 3.___he has time,he will come and see us later.

4.Tom made __great progress ___his headmaster praised him at the school meeting.
5.___his father knew what he had done, the boy was going to be in trouble. 6.We will stay a little longer ___it is very late.

7.She pretended to laugh loudly ___the story were very funny. 8.Poor ___his English was,yet Mr.Li made himself understood in England. 9.You should do ___your parents ask you to do.

Different Kinds of Adverbial Clauses:

1.Adverbial Clauses of Time:(时间状语从句) 2.Adverbial Clauses of Reason(原因状语从句) 3.Adverbial Clauses of Conditions(条件状语从句) 4.Adverbial Clauses of Place (地点状语从句) 5.Adverbial Clauses of Purpose (目的状语从句) 6.Adverbial Clauses of Result(结果状语从句) 7.Adverbial Clauses of Comparison(比较) 8.Adverbial Clauses of Concession(让步) 9.Adverb Clauses of Manner(方式状语从句 )

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