同位语从句讲解与练习 1．定义：用作同位语的从句叫做同位语从句。 2.用法：同位语从句的先行词多为 fact, news, idea, thought, question, reply, report, remark 等， 关联词多用从属连词。如： 1. 连词 that 引导同位语从句 （注：引导同位语从句的 that 不能省略） The idea that you can do
this work well without thinking is quite wrong. 你认为不动 脑筋就能做好这件工作的想法是完全错误的。（作 idea 的同位语） 【注意 1】在某些名词(如 demand, wish, suggestion, resolution 等)后面的同位语从 句要用虚拟语气 There was a suggestion that Brown should be dropped from the team. 有一项建议是 布朗应该离队。 【注意 2】引导同位语从句的连词 that 通常不省略 He gabbed his suitcase and gave the impression he was boarding the Tokyo plane. 他 拿起了手提箱，给人的印象是他要登上飞往东京的飞机了。 2. 连词 whether 引导同位语从句 （注：if 不能引导同位语从句） The question whether we should call in a specialist was answered by the family doctor. 我们是否请专家由家庭医生来定。 其它引导词引导的同位语从句 连接代词 what, who, whom, whose, which 引导同位语从句 1).I have no idea what size shoes she wears.我不知道她穿几号的鞋。 （what 作定语） 2).I have no idea which wine is best—it’s a matter of personal taste.我不知道哪种酒 最好，这是个人口味的问题。（which 作定语） 3).The question who will take his place is still not clear. （who 作主语） 4. 连接副词引导同位语从句 连接副词 when, where, how, why
We haven’t yet settled the question where we are going to spend our summer vacation. 1．that 引导的同位语从句与定语从句之区别 that 引导的同位语从句/that 引导的定语从句 1）句法功能上 that 只起连接从句的作用，无意义。在从句中不充当句子成分。不可省。 that 替代先行词在从句中不仅起连接作用，还充当一个句子成分。如在从句中作动词的宾语 时可省略。 2）意义上 从句是被修饰名词的内容。从句起限定作用，是定语 The news that Mr. Li will be our new English teacher is true. (同位语从句，that 不可省)
The news (that) he told me yesterday is true. (定语从句，that 在从句中作的宾语，可省) 2． 一些表示“建议、 命令、 要求”的名词后所跟的同位语从句中， 谓语动词用虚拟语气 should+ 动词原形表示。should 可省。如： This is our only request that this (should) be settled as soon as possible. 这就是我们唯一的请求：尽快解决这个问题。
练习 1.The reason ____the little actress has been such a success is ____she is both clever and hard-working. A. why, why B. why, that C. that, because D. for, because 2.He often asked me the question ____ the work was worth doing. A.whether B.where C.that D.when 3.The order ____ the prisoner be set free arrived too late. A.which B.whether C.that D.what 4.The thought ____ he might fail in the exam worried him. A.when B.which C.what D.that 5.I have no idea ____ he will start. A.when B.that C.what D./ 6.I've come from the government with a message ____ the meeting won't be held tomorrow. A.if B.that C.whether D.which 7.He often asked me the question ____ the work was worth doing. A.whether B.where C.that D.when
1.This is the place_____ John was born?
A.which B.where C. when D.that
2. He is the only person ____ I want to talk to.
A. that B. which C. who D. whose
3.Is this problem _____the teacher explained last week?
A. the one B.that C.which D.one
4.The high building _____ stand four policemen is the police station.
A.which B.that C.in front of it D. in front of which
5.My mother will give Mary a model plane_____ she will like to play.
A.which B.that C.for which D.with which
6.The film brought the hours back to me_____ I was taken good care of in that far away village.
A.until B.that C when D.where
7.There are times_____ I wonder why I do this job.
A.as B.while C.which D.when
8.After living in London for thirty years， Smith returned to the small town_____ he grew up as Mr a child.
A.which B.where C that D.when
9.They had a long talk about the persons and things_____ they both knew.
A.whom B.what C. that D.which
10.That is the very book______ I am looking for.
A.that B.which C.what D.as
11.Who is the scientist_____ is going to give us a talk on space this Sunday?
A.that B.who C. which D.whom
12.I don't like the way_____ you speak to your teacher.
A./ B.in that C. which D.of which
13.Could you tell me when to get the book______ I want to read?
A.what B.who C./ D.it
14.The days_____ we spent in Tokyo together will never be forgotten.
A. when B.which C.who D.on which
15.A pen friend of mine______ I often receive letters asked me for some Chinese coins.
A.who B.whom C.to who D.from whom
16. Don't forget the day_____ you were admitted to Beijing University.
A.when B.that C.at which D. where
17.Perhaps this is the only shop_____ you can get such cheap goods.
A. that B.of which C.by which D.where
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