2011 届高考英语考前天天练黄金卷 2
第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 1. The search for ______ essence of Christianity necessarily led people in ____
__ Greek to concentrate on ideas. A. the; / B. an; the C. the; the D. an; a 2. We have our own lives to live, and we can't let something like this _______with our lives . A. to interfere B. interfering C. interfered D. interfere 3. The quality objectives of a company shall be measurable and _______ with the quality policy. A. changeable B. consistent C. acceptable D. adjustable 4. It is inevitable that nationality clothing would be be of fashion. A. bound to B. up to C. about to D. likely to 5. ---What is he talking about? ---Err, sorry. I _______ of my father’s being ill. A. think B. thought C. am thinking D. was thinking 6. --- If it hadn’t been raining so hard, I might have been home much earlier. --- It’s too bad you _____ it. Nancy _____ here and she _____ to see you. A. didn’t make; is; was B. won’t make; will be; wants C. didn’t make; was; wanted D. wont’ make; would be; wanted 7. Every member tries their best to finish the important work, they aren’t permitted to go home on time. A. therefore B. meanwhile C. otherwise D. somehow 8. his performance in his study, no one can match him in his class. However, he is not liked by most of his classmates. A. In terms of B. On behalf of C. As a result of D. In face of 9. For many cities in the world, there is no room to spread out further, New York is an example. A. for which B. at which C. of which D. from which 10. —How do you deal with the disagreement between the company and the customers? —The key the problem is to meet the demand by the customers. A. to solving; making B. to solving; made C. to solve; making D. to solve; made 11. —I find it astonishing that John be so rude to me. — Not astonishing at all. He is always rude to others. A. should B. must C. might D. ought to 12. I am really sorry for making you feel embarrassed at the party. I did not mean to you. A. offend B. disturb C. attack D. cheat 13. The books written by Yang Hongying are and that’s why she is important among children. A. taking away B. taking off C. taking down D. taking up
The director of our department is determined to promote _______ he thinks is energetic, wise and capable to
the position. A. whomever B. whichever C. whoever D. whatever
15. — That’s enough. It is not necessary for me to know too much about it.
—_______. A. A little learning is a dangerous thing B. Life is made up of little things C. A high building, a low foundation D. Many a little makes miracle 第二节 完形填空 (共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分) 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Knowledge is power as West wanes Every September parents travel with their children to help them enroll（注册） at universities across the country. This does not make 16_______ in China. Bur recently, a photo 17________at a university in Wuhan caught the 18_______of Jeremy Warner, a commentator with the UK’s Daily Telegraph newspaper. The photo was of parents 19_________ down for the night in the campus gym made 20_______ to those who could not afford a hotel room. Chinese commentators 评论员） and educators have pointed out that 21_________ kids to （ college does not help them adjust to campus 22_________. But Warner read a totally different message from the photo. He said that in the UK or other 23_________economies, parents usually don’t bother to accompany their children to university. To Warner, this was “a 24_________sign of growing gulf in ambition that separates the aspiring(有抱负的) developing world 25 _________ the tired, old, advanced economies.” He said the future looks bright for the developing world. In 26_________, and most other developing countries, going to university offers a route to a27 _________future. But in the West, “people have lost their 28_________in self-improvement and seem already resigned to a future of gentle, or even catastrophic decline,” Warner wrote. He went on to analyze China’s 29_________strategy: The number of college graduates is increasing at a higher speed. 30_________, the focus of education is strongly on the sciences. For Warner the 31________“is both an inspiration and a cause for alarm, for it vividly 32 ________how the West’s “monopoly” on knowledge—the biggest source of its relative wealth---is 33________to be gradually destroyed over the next decade.” In his34_________, Warner suggested that the British government has much to learn about education from the 35___________ world. 16. A. notes B. headlines C. uses D. tips 17. A. erased B. shown C. displayed D. taken 18. A. target B. tension C. attention D. notice 19. A. putting B. laying C. sleeping D. bedding 20. A. accessible B. conventional C. available D. acceptable 21. A. driving B. bringing C. sending D. accompanying 22. A. study B. life C. situation D. habit 23. A. advanced B. tentative C. analytical D. outward 24. convincing B. worrying C. affecting D. promoting 25. A. into B. out of C. from D. off
26. A. the UK 27. A. better 28. A. interest 29. A. economy 30. A. Still worse 31. A. photo 32. A. proves 33. A. likely 34. A. story 35. A. developed
B. China C. the world D. Wuhan B. far-off C. changeable D. preferential B. heart C. way D. belief B. education C. society D. college B. Otherwise C. What’s more D. Above all B. future C. university D. world B. counts C. explains D. digests B. probably C. possibly D. usually B. end C. inspiration D. conclusion B. developing C. advanced D. suppressing
第三部分 阅读理解 (共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Among all the fast growing science and technology, the research of human genes, or biological engineering as people call it, is drawing more and more attention now. Sometimes it is a hot topic discussed by people. The greatest thing that gene technology can do is to cure serious diseases that doctors at present can almost do nothing with, such as cancer and heart disease. Every year, millions of people are murdered by these two killers. And to date, doctors have not found an effective way to cure them. But if the gene technology is applied, not only these two diseases can be cured completely, bringing happiness and more living days to the patients, but also the great amount of money people spend on curing their diseases can be saved, therefore it benefits the economy as well. In addition, human life span(寿命) can be prolonged. Gene technology can help people to give birth to more healthy and clever children. Some families, with the English imperial family being a good example, have hereditary diseases. This means their children will for sure have the family disease, which is a great trouble for these families. In the past, doctors could do nothing about hereditary diseases. But gene technology can solve this problem perfectly. The scientist just need to find the wrong gene and correct it, and a healthy child will be born. Some people are worrying that the gene research can be used to manufacture human beings in large quantities. In the past few years, scientists have succeeded in cloning a sheep, therefore these people predict that human babies would soon be cloned. But I believe cloned babies will not come out in large quantities, for most couples in the world can have babies in very normal way. Of course, the governments must take care to control gene technology. 36. What does “these two killers” in the second paragraph refer to ? A. gene technology and another treatment of the two diseases. B. The two murderers who killed the cloned baby C. The two diseases of cancer and heart disease
D. Hereditary diseases and cancer 37.What’s the main idea of the third paragraph? A. B. C. D. A. B. C. D. How gene technology can be applied in the field of treating hereditary diseases. Gene technology can be used to clone human babies. Gene technology can help people to give birth of a baby. Gene technology can help the English imperial family out. Using gene technology, people with hereditary diseases can have more living days. Using gene technology, scientist finds the wrong gene and corrects it. Using gene technology, human babies can be cloned. Doctors can cure cancer and heart disease with the help of gene technology.
38.In what way gene technology can help to treat hereditary diseases?
39.What is the main purpose of writing this passage? A. Expressing the writer’s idea that gene technology will benefit people B. Telling people the advantages of gene technology C. Telling the readers that gene technology will not benefit people D. Explaining that gene technology will also do harm to the humanity B Read a whole book in English? Me? Yes, you. Believe it or not that may be easier than you think. Not all classics are too difficult or complicated. So you’re not limited to simplified versions (简写本). And the easier books are not for young children. Books in their original versions (原著) may send you to the dictionary. And you might not understand everything you read. But reading one from cover to cover will give you a real sense of accomplishment. The key is to find the right books. Let’s take a look at these. The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (C.S. Lewis) Stepping into an old wardrobe, four English schoolchildren find themselves in the magical world of Narnia. In this delightful land, they find friends among the many talking creatures. The children soon discover, however, that Narnia is ruled by the White Witch. Edmund, one of the children, falls under her power. Who can free Narnia? Only Aslan, the great and noble lion. He alone knows the Deeper Magic. But the children themselves must help fight the battle against the White Witch and those who save her. The Old Man and the Sea (Ernest Hemingway) Santiago, an old Cuban fisherman, hasn’t caught any fish in more than 80 days. Sailing far out from land, the old man hooks an enormous fish. That begins an agonizing three-day battle. First he struggles against the great fish. Then he must fight off the sharks that circle the little boat and threaten to eat his fish. Exhausted and bleeding, the old man arrives back at shore. But his fish, his beautiful fish… Hemingway won the Pulitzer Prize for this superb story of strength and courage, of victory and regret. A Wrinkle in Time (Madeleine Lingle) Meg’s father, a US government scientist, has been missing for many months. He had been
experimenting with time travel when he mysteriously disappeared. Now Meg, her little brother Charles Wallace and her friend Calvin will try to rescue him. But first they must outwit the forces of evil they encounter on their journey through time and space. Can they find Meg’s father before it is too late? This novel is more than just a science-fiction adventure. It’s an exploration of the nature of our universe. The Pearl (John Steinbeck) One day Kino, a poor Mexican pearl diver, finds a magnificent pearl. With it he dreams of buying a better life, new clothes and schooling for his son. Instead it brings only evil. His wife pleads with him to get rid of it. “No,” says Kino. “I will have my chance. I am a man.” But when he kills a man who is trying to steal the pearl, Kino and his wife must run for their lives. This tale of dreams, justice and the power of greed is told simply and beautifully. The Long Winter (Laura Ingalls Wilder) It’s winter, 1880-8-1, on American’s northern prairies. Mr. and Mrs. Ingalls and their four girls stay near the kitchen stove to keep warm. Heavy snowstorms cut them off even from neighbors. With the trains stopped, no supplies can reach the town. Food and fuels are running out. Day after day the girls must grind wheat for bread and twist hay to burn. At times they nearly lose the battle to keep their spirits up. This story provides a fascinating glimpse into the lives of early American settlers. 40. In this passage, the author intends to ________. A. recommend a few simplified versions of classics B. recommend a few original versions of classics C. tell us how to read an English book from beginning to end D. tell us how to find proper English books to read 41. In The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, the White Witch is properly _________. A. an evil woman with magic power B. a friendly woman with magic power C. a delightful talking creature D. a powerful lion with magic 42. The underlined word “outwit” in the passage probably means _________. A. get rid of B. seize control of C. beat by being cleverer D. make the most of 43. A Wrinkle in Time is different from other books mentioned in the passage in that _______. A. it is not a science-fiction B. it tells a true story of adventure C. it provides some scientific knowledge D. it tells the battle between justice and evil C Sir, Last Saturday I watched the TV coverage（news report) of the latest Grand Prix motor race and could not fail to notice how much advertising there was. In particular, the leading car (and the one that eventually won) was almost constantly on the screen; it was painted to look like a packet of well-known cigarettes. Not only that, but the car was, on more than one occasion, referred to by the commentator（评论员）not by the name of the driver or the motor company, but by the name of the product. However, the football team that I support is not allowed to wear shirts advertising anything when their matches are being televised. The rule preventing sportsmen and sportswomen from carrying advertisements on television is a good one. Keep it and do it. To take one example, what is the effect, I wonder, on the young and old, of the apparent connection between cigarette smoking and an exciting sport
like motor-racing? L. H. Gray, London Sir, What a ridiculous situation our television companies find themselves in with regard to sport and advertising! I watched a televised football match in which the players did not carry any advertisements on their shirts, and yet there was advertising all around the ground. (Do the TV producers think we viewers are blind or something?) And when a well-known international player was interviewed after the match, both he and the interviewer referred by name to the make-ups firm! And as if that were not enough, the sports item that followed was the National Bank Golf Tournament. Advertising is all around us every day. Long live advertising, I say, and let the television companies recognize it and allow football players, athletes, racing drivers and others to wear sponsors'（赞助公司）advertisements. At least we would all know where we were! Mrs. R. P. Laing, Bristol 44. L. H. Gray would like to see ______. A. advertising officially forbidden from televised sport B. cigarette advertisements made illegal C. football teams wear shirts advertising certain products D. the law forbidding commercials will come into effect soon 45. Mrs. Laing believes that ______. A. sportsmen should be allowed to carry advertising on TV B. advertising cigarettes should be officially forbidden at football matches C. advertising on television should be forbidden D. golf tournaments should not be sponsored by banks 46. Both Gray and Laing agree that ______. A. sportsmen should be allowed to advertise on TV B. TV sport should allow advertising except for drink and cigarettes C. TV companies must get rid of their "double standards" D. sports commentators should be allowed to advertise D In summer, millions of people will head for the beach．And while the ocean can be a great place to swim and play, it may also be useful in another way．Some scientists think that waves could help make electricity． “Have you ever been on a surfboard or boat and felt yourself being lifted up by a wave? Or have you jumped in the water and felt the energy as waves crashed over you?” asked Jamie Taylor of the Wave Energy Group at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland．“There is certainly a lot of energy in waves．” Scientists are working on using that energy to make electricity． Most waves are created when winds blow across the ocean．“The winds start out by making little ripples (波纹) in the water, but if they keep on blowing , those ripples get bigger and bigger and turn into waves, ”Taylor said．“Waves are one of nature’s ways of picking up energy and then sending it off on a journey．”
When waves come towards the shore, people can set up dams or other barricades to block the water and send it through a large wheel called a turbine (涡轮) ． turbine can then power The an electrical generator (发电机) ． The United States and a few other countries have started doing research on wave energy , and it is already being used in Scotland． The resource is huge．We will never run out of wave power, besides, wave energy does not create the same pollution as other energy sources, such as oil and coal． Oceans cover three quarters of the earth’s surface．That would make wave power seem perfect for creating energy around the world．There are some drawbacks, however． Jamie Taylor said that wave power still cost too much money．He said that its effects on animals in the sea were still unknown．Plus, wave power would get in the way of fishing and boat traffic． With more research, however, “many of these problems might be overcome,” Taylor said．“Demand for energy to power our TVs and computers, drive our cars, and heat and cool our homes is growing quickly throughout the world．Finding more energy sources is very important, for traditional sources of energy like oil and gas may run out some day．” In the future, when you turn on a light switch, an ocean wave could be providing the electricity! 47．Which of the following is NOT true? A．Wave power costs too much money． B．Wave energy creates the same amount of pollution as other energy sources． C．Wave power affects fishing and boat traffic． D．Wave power may affect marine animals． 48．We can infer from the passage that ______． A．finding new energy sources like wave energy is important B．wave energy is a resource that will never run out and is used all over the world C．wave power is perfect for creating energy around the world D．wave power doesn’t create any pollution 49．The underlined word “drawbacks” probably means ______． A．regrets B．adventures C．disadvantages D．difficulties 50．What can be the best title for the passage? A．How to Get Electricity by Waves． B．A Huge Resource of Energy． C．Can Waves Make Electricity? D．The Disadvantages of Wave Energy． 第五部分 书面表达（满分 25 分） 在高中毕业后，进入大学之前，我们高三学生都将度过漫长的暑假。眼下如何度过一个 有意义的暑假成为大家热烈讨论的话题。 下面表格是你班学生的一些暑假安排。 请结合你自 己的安排，写一篇短文。 暑假安排 旅游 同学们的安排 打工 学习驾驶 参加志愿者活动 我自己的安排： 1．...... 意义 放松心情，拓宽视野 为上大学攒钱，积累社会经验 必须的技能 对社会做贡献 ......
1-5 ADBAD 6-10 CCACB 11-15 AABCA 16-35 BDCDC DBABC BADBC ACADB 36-39 CABA 40-43 BABC 44-46 AAC 47-50 BACC
One possible version: The long summer vacation is approaching. None of my classmates want to let it elapse meaninglessly. We all have made careful plans about it. Some of my classmates plan to go sightseeing, which ,they believe, can not only keep themselves relaxed but also broaden their horizons. Some of them prefer to take a part-time job. In this way, they can save some money to cover the living costs at university. More importantly, they can gain some valuable social experience. Some classmates choose to take advantage of the holiday to learn driving, which is a necessary technique for all of us. In addition, some are determined to make a contribution to society by being a volunteer. I have also made my plan for this holiday. In order to reward my parents , I will help my parents with the housework. Besides, to promote friendship, I will have some parties with my old friends. In short, I want to do many meaningful things in the summer vacation. Whatever I do, the goal is the same: to be a contributing person, acquire knowledge and broaden my horizons.
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