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英语四级写作训练之二:常用句式


写作训练之二:常用句式 1 大学英语四级高分作文常用句式
1.表示坏处

1) It has more disadvantages than advantages.

2) It does us much harm.

3) It is harmful to us.

例如:

r />Television can also be harmful to us. It can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching television.

2.表示好处

1) It has the following advantages.

2) It does us a lot of good.

3) It benefits us quite a lot.

4) It is beneficial to us.

5) It is of great benefit to us.

例如:

Books are like friends. They can help us know the world better,and they can open our minds and widen our horizons. Therefore, reading extensively is of great benefit to us.

3.表示重要、必要、困难、方便、可能

1)It is important (necessary,difficult,convenient, possible) for sb. to do sth.

2) We think it necessary to do sth.

3) It plays an important role in our life.

例如:

Computers are now being used everywhere,whether in the government,in schools or in business. Soon,computers will be found in every home,too. We have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age.

4.表示措施

1) We should take some effective measures.

2) We should try our best to overcome (conquer) the difficulties.

3) We should do our utmost in doing sth.

4) We should solve the problems that we are confronted (faced) with.

例如:

The housing problem that we are confronted with is becoming more and more serious. Therefore, we must take some effective measures to solve it.

5.表示变化

1) Some changes have taken place in the past five years.

2) A great change will certainly be produced in the world’s communications.

3) The computer has brought about many changes in education.

例如:

Some changes have taken place in people’s diet in the past five years. The major reasons for these changes are not far to seek. Nowadays,more and more people are switching from grain to meat for protein, and from fruit and vegetable to milk for vitamins.

6. 表示事实、现状

1) We cannot ignore the fact that...

2) No one can deny the fact that...

3) There is no denying the fact that...

4) This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in.

5) However,that's not the case.

例如:

We cannot ignore the fact that industrialization brings with it the problems of pollution. To solve these problems,we can start by educating the public about the hazards of pollution. The government on its part should also design stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment.

7.表示比较

1) Compared with A,B...

2) I prefer to read rather than watch TV.

3) There is a striking contrast between them.

例如: Compared with cars, bicycles have several advantages besides being affordable. Firstly,they do not consume natural resources of petroleum. Secondly,they do not cause the pollution problem. Last but not least, they contribute to people’s health by giving them due physical exercise.

8.表示数量

1) It has increased (decreased) from...to...

2) The population in this city has now increased (decreased) to 800,000.

3) The output of July in this factory increased by 15% compared with that of January.

例如:

With the improvement of the living standard,the proportion of people’s income spent on food has decreased while that spent on education has increased.

再如:

From the graph listed above,it can be seen that students’ use of computers has increased from an average of less than two hours per week in 1990 to 20 hours in 2000.

9.表示看法

1) People have (take,adopt,assume) different attitudes towards sth.

2) People have different opinions on this problem.

3) People take different views of (on) the question.

4) Some people believe that... Others argue that...

例如:

People have different attitudes towards failure. Some believe that failure leads to success.

再如:

Do “lucky numbers” really bring good luck? Different people have different views on it.

注:一个段落有时很适宜以问句开始,考生应掌握这一写作方法。

10.表示结论

1) In short,it can be said that...

2) It may be briefly summed up as follows.

3) From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that ...

例如:

From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that examination is necessary,however,its method should be improved.

11.套语

1) It’s well known to us that ...

2) As is known to us,...

3) This is a topic that is being widely talked about.

4) From the graph (table,chart) listed above,it can be seen that ...

5) As a proverb says, “Where there is a will,there is a way”.

例如:

As is well known to us,it is important for the students to know the world outside campus.

The reason for this is obvious. Nowadays, the society is changing and developing rapidly,and the campus is no longer an “ivory tower”. As college students,we must get in touch with the world outside the campus. Only in this way can we adapt ourselves to the society quickly after we graduate.

再如: Does it pay to be honest? This is a topic that is being widely talked about and different people have different opinions on it.

1. According to a recent survey, four million people die each year from diseases linked to smoking.

依照最近的一项调查,每年有 4,000,000 人死于与吸烟有关的疾病。

2. The latest surveys show that quite a few children have unpleasant associations with homework.

最近的调查显示相当多的孩子对家庭作业没什么好感。

3. No invention has received more praise and abuse than Internet.

没有一项发明像互联网一样同时受到如此多的赞扬和批评。

4. People seem to fail to take into account the fact that education does not end with graduation.

人们似乎忽视了教育不应该随着毕业而结束这一事实。

5. An increasing number of people are beginning to realize that education is not complete with graduation.

越来越多的人开始意识到教育不能随着毕业而结束。

6. When it comes to education, the majority of people believe that education is a life time study.

说到教育,大部分人认为其是一个终生的学习。

7. Many experts point out that physical exercise contributes directly to a person’s physical fitness.

许多专家指出体育锻炼直接有助于身体健康。

8. Proper measures must be taken to limit the number of foreign tourists and great efforts should be made to protect local environment and history from the harmful effects of international tourism.

应该采取适当的措施限制外国旅游者的数量, 努力保护当地环境和历史不受国际旅游业 的不利影响。

9. An increasing number of experts believe that migrants will exert positive effects on construction of city. However, this opinion is now being questioned by more and more city residents, who complain that the migrants have brought many serious problems like crime and prostitution.

越来越多的专家相信移民对城市的建设起到积极作用。 然而, 越来越多的城市居民却怀 疑这种说法,他们抱怨民工给城市带来了许多严重的问题,像犯罪和卖淫。

10. Many city residents complain that it is so few buses in their city that they have to spend much more time waiting for a bus, which is usually crowded with a large number of passengers.

许多市民抱怨城市的公交车太少, 以至于他们要花很长时间等一辆公交车, 而车上可能 已满载乘客。

2 英语四六级考试作文活用句型

1. 用于文章主题句

1.不用说?…

It goes without saying that 子句

= (It is) needless to say (that)子句

= It is obvious that 子句

= Obviously, S. + V.

例︰不用说早睡早起是值得的。

It goes without saying that it pays to keep early hours.

2.…是不可能的; 无法…

There is no Ving

= There is no way of Ving.

= There is no possibility of Ving.

= It is impossible to V.

= It is out of the question to V.

= No one can V.

= We cannot V.

例︰不可否认的? 成功的事业关键在于健康的身心。

There is not denying that successful business lies in a healthy body and mind.

3.我深信…

I am greatly convinced (that)子句

= I am greatly assured (that)子句

例︰我深信预防是于治疗。

I am greatly convinced that prevention is better than cure.

4.在各种…之中?…

Among various kinds of…

= Of all the …, …

例︰在各种运动中? 我尤其喜欢慢跑。

Among various kinds of sports, I like jogging in particular.

5.…是很容易证明的。

It can be easily proved (that)子句

例︰时间最珍贵是很容易证明的。

It can be easily proved that nothing is more precious than time.

6.…无论如何强调都不为过

… cannot be overemphasized

例︰交通安全的重要性无论如何强调都不为过。

The importance of traffic safety cannot be overemphasized.

7.就我的看法?…;我认为…

In my opinion, …

= To my mind, ….

= As far as I am concerned, …

= I am of the opinion that 子句

例︰就我的看法,打电动玩具既花费时间也有害健康。

In my opinion, playing video games not only takes much time but is also harmful to health.

8.(A) 每个人都知道…

Everyone knows (that)子句

(B) 就我所知?…

As far as my knowledge is concerned, …

例︰就我所知,下列方法对我帮助很大。

As far as my knowledge is concerned, the following ways are of great help to me.

9.毫无疑问地?…

There is no doubt (that)子句

例︰毫无疑问地,近视在我国的年轻人中是一个严重的问题。

There is no doubt that near-sightedness is a serious problem among the youth of our country.

10. 根据我个人经验?…

According to my personal experience, …

= Based on my personal experience, …

例︰根据我个人经验,微笑已带给我许多好处。

3 英语四级作文常用句型模板及套句大全

综合运用篇

Along with the advance of the society, more and more problems are brought to our attention, one of which is that....

随着社会的不断发展,出现了越来越多的问题,其中之一便是____________。

As to whether it is a blessing or a curse, however, people take different attitudes.

然而,对于此类问题,人们持不同的看法。(Hold different attitudes 持不同的看法; Come up with different attitudes 有不同的看法)

As society develops, people are attaching much importance to....

随着社会的发展,人们开始关注............

People are attaching more and more importance to the interview during job hunting.

求职的过程中,人们慢慢意识到面试的重要性。

As to whether it is worthwhile ....., there is a long-running controversial debate. It is quite natural that people from different backgrounds may have divergent attitudes towards it.

关于是否值得___________的问题,一直以来争论不休。当然,不同的人对此可能持不 同的观点。

In the process of modern urban development, we often find ourselves in a dilemma.

在都市的发展中,我们往往会陷入困境。

Recently the phenomenon has aroused wide concern, some people are in alarm that....

最近,这种现象引起了人们的广泛关注,有人开始担心______________。

The human race has entered a completely new stage in its history, with the increasingly rapid economic globalization and urbanization, more problems are brought to our attention.

人类进入了一个历史的崭新的阶段,经济全球化、都市化的速度不断加快,随之给我们 带来了很多问题。

...... plays such an important role that it undeniably becomes the biggest concern of the present world, there comes a question, is it a blessing or a curse?

_______显得非常重要而成为当今世界所关注的最大的问题,这是无可厚非的。不过, 问题是:"我们该如何抉择?"

Now we are entering a new era, full of opportunities and challenges,

现在我们正在进入一个充满机会和挑战的新时代。

展现问题篇

问题的常用词:question, problem, issue

Recently, the issue of ...... has been brought into public focus.

近来,_______的问题引起了社会的广泛关注。

Now we are entering a brand new era full of opportunities and innovations, and great changes have taken place in people’s attitude towards some traditional practice.

现在我们进入了一个充满机遇和创新的崭新时代, 很多人对某些传统的看法也发生了很 大改变。

Recently the issue of whether or not ... has been in the limelight and has aroused wide concern in the public.

近来,是否_______的问题已经非常明确而且引起了社会的广泛关注。

The issue whether it is good or not to .... has aroused a heated discussion all over country.

the

______的利与弊已在全国范围内引起热烈的讨论。

At present, some people think ....while others claim ...Both sides have their merits.

目前,一些人认为_______而另一些人则认为_______。其实,两种观点都其可取之处。

People rarely reach an absolute consensus on such a controversial issue.

对于这种极具争议的话题,我们很难作出绝对的回答。

People from different backgrounds would put different interpretations on the same case.

不同行业的人对同一种问题的解释不尽相同。

The controversial issue is often brought into public focus. People from different backgrounds hold different attitudes towards the issue.

这中极具争议性的话题往往很受社会的关注。不同的人对此问题的看法也不尽相同。

When asked ..., some people think..... while some prefer...

说到______,有人认为________,而另一些人则认为__________。

Just as the saying goes: "so many people, so many minds". It is quite understandable that views on this issue vary from person to person.

俗话说:“不同的人对此有不同的看法”是可以理解的。

To this issue, different people come up with various attitudes.

对于这个问题,不同的人持不同的观点。

There is a good side and a bad side to everything,so it goes without saying that...

万事万物都有其两面性,所以,勿庸置疑,____________。

When it comes to ..., most people believe that ..., but other people regard ...as ....

提到_________问题,很多人认为_________,不过,一些人则认为______是____.

When faced with...., quite a few people claim that ...., but other people think as...

提到_________问题,仅少数人认为________,但另一些人则认为_________。

There is a public controversy nowadays over the issue of .... There who criticize ...ar gue that ...., they believe that ...,but people who favor .., on the other hand, argue that...

目前, _______问题争议较大。 批判_______的人认为_______, 他们认为_______, 不过, 另一方面,赞同_______的人则认为_________。

Some people are of the opinion that..

有些人认为_____________。

Many people claim that...

很多人认为_____________。

A majority of 绝大多数

A large number of 很多人

Some people contend that ... has proved to bring many advantages (disadvantages)

有些人认为________有很多有利之处(不利之处)。

Some people advocate that ....

有些人在坚持认为_________。

They hold that ... 他们认为_________。

People, who advocate that ..., have their sound reasons (grounds)

坚持认为______的人也有其说法(依据)。

Those who have already benefited from practicing it sing high praise of it.

那些从中受益的人对此大家褒奖。

Those who strongly approve of ... have cogent reasons for it.

强烈认同_______的人有很多原因。

Many people would claim that...

有人会认为___________。

People who support ... give some or all of the following reasons.

那些支持_________观点的人列出了如下原因:________。

But others hold the view that ...但是,另外一些人则认为_______。

观点的用词:Attitude, opinion, 与其搭配的动词以及词组:Take, have, come up with, set forth, put forward 等。

But on the other hand, there are also quite a few people who strongly advocate that..,.

不过,另一方面,也有少部分人坚持认为_______________。

But people who are ..., on the other hand, maintain that...

不过,另一方面,________的人认为__________。

However, there are a large number of people who hold a different view concerning this case.

然而,很多人对此有不同的看法。

问题用词:Issue, phenomenon,后接介词, on, over 等。

However, some others argue that... 然而,另一些人则认为_________。

However, there are also some others who contend that...

然而,也有人认为__________。

But other people set forth totally different argument concerning this case.

不过,对于此,另一些人则持完全不同的观点。

Some people examine this issue from another angle.

有的人用另一角度来看这一问题。

On the other hand, there are also many opponents who strongly ...

另一方面,也有很多反对的人,他们认为_____________。

According to my personality and fondness, I would prefer ... rather than...

根据我的个性以及兴趣,我选择_______而不会选择__________。

Personally, I side with the latter (former) opinion...

就我个人而言,我支持后者(前者)___________。

Personally, I am in favor of the former point of view.

就我个人而言,我较同意前一种看法。

To my point of view 我认为

To my mind, the advantages far overweigh the drawbacks (disadvantages, shortcomings)

我认为,优点胜过缺点。

For my part, I stand on side of the latter opinion that..

就我而言,我较赞同后一种观点________________。

As far as I am concerned, I am inclined to be on the side of the latter view.

在我看来,我较同意后一种观点。

After a thorough consideration, for my part, I am in favor of the latter view that...

经过深思熟虑,我较支持后一种看法,亦即________________________。

If asked to make a decision, I would prefer...

如果真的需要作出选择,我宁愿____________。

Taking into consideration both sides of the issue, I tend to favor the latter view..

比较两种观点进行比较,我较同意后一种观点,亦即_________________。

When considering opinions of both sides, I am inclined to ...

对两种观点进行综合考虑之后,我较认同_________________。

If it is up to me to make a choice between ... and ... I would rather choose ... over...

如果要我在____和____之间进行选择,我宁愿选择_____而不会选择______。

I would have to say that, if I were faced with the decision, I would follow ....

我需要说的是,如果要我抉择,我会____________。

At the risk of sounding too direct, I prefer to...

虽然可能过于直接,不过,我还是选择____________。

表达不确定的用词:May, seem, be likely to, possible, probably, perhaps, be said that, be said to...

in my mind , the following factors/reasons/causes need to be taken into consideration.

我认为,我们需要考虑下列因素/原因:

There are several reasons for this phenomenon/why...-(as follows).

造成这种现象的原因如下:

And I would like to present two explanations for this:

对于此,我有如下两点愚见:

The reasons are chiefly as follows. 主要原因如下:

There are numerous reasons why ____, and I would like to explore a few of the most important ones here.

为什么___________,原因很多,在此列举几个较为重要的原因。

The reasons are presented below. 原因如下。

There are three premier(主要的)/best/ most important, largest, significant, obvious, crucial causes as follows.

以下这些是造成这一问题的最主要/最好/最重要/最大/最有意义/明显/至关重要的原因。

This is based on the propensity(倾向,原因) of following points.

这基于以下的原因。

The main reason is that.. 主要原因是_____________。

One very important argument for ..... is that....

_______的非常重要的原因便是____________________。

The reasons are quite clear. Above all, ....

原因非常清楚。首先(首要的是)__________。

The first reason can be seen by every person.

第一个原因其实很明显。

The first and most important reason is that.....

第一个而且最重要的原因是______________。

One of the reasons that are given for....is that....

______________的原因之一是__________________。

Perhaps this is because of the simple fact that.....

也许,原因很简单,亦即_____________________。

One of the premier causes is that (注意用词)

最重要的原因之一便是______________。

At the risk of sounding too simplistic, it seems to me that the main propositions can be summarized in one saying.

这个原因可能较简单,不过,我认为可以用一句谚语来概括,________。

We may look into every possible reason, however, foremost reason for .... is ....

其实有很多原因,不过,造成________的最重要的原因是______________。

It might also be noted that....

需要注意的是,____________。

Another reason why .....(凑字数,但不可滥用) is that....(有利于写长句)

What is also worth noticing is that....

值得一提的是___________________。

There is another factor that deserves some words here.

还有另外一个很重要的原因。

A more essential factor why.... is that

________ 的更为重要的原因是____________。

A further reason why,,,, is that.....

________的更深层次的原因是____________。

In addition..此外,再者

Moving on to wider themes,_______

展开来说,_________________________。

The second thing that must be taken into consideration is that...

第二个原因也很重要(值得考虑),亦即__________。

Likewise(同样), common sense tells us that...

同样,___________,这是众所周知的。

The third but very important reason is that...

第三个(尽管不是很重要)原因是______________。

The third, not the last is that,

第三个原因是___________。

The last factor to be taken seriously is...

第三个重要原因是_______________。

Finally, moreover, last but not least, furthermore.

As the proverb goes: "every coin has its two sides", ....is no exception.

俗语有云:"万事万物都有两面性。" ________也不例外。

Every thing has a good side and a bad side, and ....is no exception.

万事万物有其两面性,而________也是如此。

The discussion as to whether the ... is a blessing or a curse arouses most people’s interests.

__________是好坏利弊问题引起了很多人的兴趣。

..plays such an important role that it undeniably becomes the biggest concern of the present world.

______ 尤为重要而引起当今社会的关注。

There comes a question: is it a blessing or a curse.

问题是:____是福是祸?

There is no denying that every thing has one more face and ... is no exception.

不可否认,每一件事物都有其两面性,其实,______也不例外。

Every thing in the world has its own two sides. Without exception, A has both advantages and disadvantages.

任何事情都有两面性,A 也不例外,有其优势和劣势(利与弊)。

....undoubtedly plays an increasing significant role in modern life.

不容置疑,_______在现代生活中不断显示出起重要性。

With the development of the society, ... is increasingly important.

随着社会的发展,_______变得越来越重要。

The merits of this is obvious...

其好处显而易见。

As we know, ... bring many benefits and convenience to people.

众所周知,_______ 为我们的生活带来很多好处。

There are no less than three advantages in .. as rendered below.

如下所示,_______ 至少有三种好处。

Despite the advantages ... has, some people claim, we shall not lose sight of its adverse effects on...

尽管_____有些益处(优势),有些人则认为,我们不能忽略了其对______的负面影响。

However, like anything else,... has more than one face.

然而,象其他任何事物一样,______ 还有其它的方面。

However, with the advance of the human civilization, there is an increasing number of people who have raised doubts about whether...

然而,随着人类文明的进步,越来越多的人开始置疑是否__________。

Some people deem it is a dangerous signal and call for public awareness of the negative effects it has brought about.

有些人认为这是一种危险的信号,因此需关注其给社会带来的负面影响。

Of course, nothing in the world is perfect, so is...

当然,时间没有完美的事物,所以,________。

Despite its merits, it also brings some problems to solve.

尽管其也有很多优点,不过,也给我们带来一些问题。

But its bright side should not keep us from examining its dark side.

但是,我们不能因为这些优点而忽略了其缺点。

From the reasons presented above, I think the pros outweigh the cons.

从以上原因可以看出,其优势胜过劣势(优点多于缺点)。

As far as I am concerned, its disadvantages outweigh its disadvantages.

我认为,其优势胜于劣势。

总的说来: In general, all in all, on the whole, in brief, in summary, in conclusion, in short, in a word, to sum up, to conclude, to summarize,...

But all in all, I would say the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. With the advance of society, if we encourage the merits and eliminate the drawbacks, all people will enjoy a better life.

但是, 总的说来, 我认为其优势大于劣势。 随着社会的发展, 如果我们能对此善加利用, 所有的人都能生活得更好。

From what has been discussed above, we may finally draw the conclusion that...

通过以上的讨论,我们可以得出如下结论,___________。

So, as I see it..

因此,我个人认为,_________。

What we must do is to encourage the strength and diminish the weaknesses to the least extent.

我们必须尽可能发挥其优势,趋吉避凶。

In conclusion, although ... has its negative effects, it can to a great extent bring us more advantages.

总的说来, 虽然_______ 有其负面的影响, 在很大程度上, 其也将给我们带来很多好处。

From what has been discussed above, we can see ... does more harm than good to us. Therefore, I strongly approve of the motion that...

从以上论述可知,_____ 对我们百害而无一利。


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