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过去分词做状语


Revision: 现在分词做状语
(When)Walking in the street, I came across an old friend of mine.
Not knowing his address, I can’t write to him.

(If)Using your head, you will find a way.
Laughing and talking, they went into the classroom. (Though) working from morning till night,

his father didn’t get enough money.

Revision: 现在分词做状语
(When)Walking in the street, I came across an old friend of mine. 时间
Not knowing his address, I can’t write to him.原因

(If)Using your head, you will find a way. 条件
Laughing and talking, they went into the classroom. 伴随 (Though) working from morning till night,

his father didn’t get enough money. 让步

Walking in the street, I came across an old friend of mine. = When I was walking …, …
Not knowing his address, I can’t write to him. = Because I don’t know his address, I … Using your head, you will find a way. = If you use your head, you … Working from morning till night, his father didn’t get enough money. = Although his father worked from …, he … He sat on the sofa, watching TV. = He sat on the sofa and watched TV

现在分词做状语: 主动 关 1. 现在分词与句子主语之间构成_______ 系 2. 现在分词(短语)可在句子中充当时间、 原因、条件、伴随等状语 3. 现在分词(短语)做状语,相当于相应的 状语从句(伴随状语相当于一个并列句) 4. 现在分词(短语)做状语,可在前面加上 when, if , unless, although等连词,使句 义更明确

过去分词 做状语

Hit by a lack of fresh air, my head ached. Asked what had happened, he kept silent. Given more time, we would be able to do the work much better. Left alone at home, the little boy didn’t feel afraid at all. The teacher entered the classroom, followed by some students.
Summary 1: 过去分词(短语) 做状语,过去分词与句子主语 被动 关系 之间构成_______

注意:
1. Worried about the journey, I was unsettled for the first few days. 2. Exhausted, I slid into bed and fell fast asleep.

被动, 完成

状态



某些过去分词作状语表状态,常见的有: lost 迷路,丢失 lost in deep thought 陷入深思 absorbed in 专心于 dressed in 穿着… tired of 厌倦于… worried about 担心… based on 基于…/ 建立在…的基础上 …

____________________, Lost in deep thought he didn’t hear the sound. 陷入沉思中,他并没有听到那个声音。 _______________________, Tired of the long speech he started to read a novel. 厌倦了那个冗长的演讲,他开始读起小说 来。 ___________________, the girl looked like Dressed in white an angel. 穿着白色的衣服,这个女孩看起来像个天 使。

Hit by a lack of fresh air, my head ached. 原因 =Because my head was hit by …, it ached. Asked what had happened, he kept silent. 时间 =When he was asked what …, he kept silent. Given more time, we would be able to do the work much better. 条件 =If we were given more time, we would … Left alone at home, the little boy didn’t feel afraid at 让步 all. =Although the little boy was left alone …, he didn’t feel… The teacher entered the classroom, followed by some students. 伴随 =The teacher entered the classroom, and he was followed by …

Summary 2: 过去分词(短语) 可在句子中做时间、原因、条件、 让步、伴随等状语,相当于一个 状语从句或是一个并列句(伴随 状语时)

过去分词作状语,有时可以在其前边加上 when, while, if, unless, although, once等连 词,以起到强调的作用,使句意更加明确。

(When) Asked what had happened, he kept silent.

(If) Given more time, we would be able to do the
work much better. (Although)Left alone at home, the little boy didn’t feel afraid at all. .

Rewrite the sentences, using the past participle as the adverbial.
1. Because it was done in a hurry, his homework was full of mistakes. Done in a hurry, his homework was full of mistakes. 2. If it is taken according to the instructions, the medicine has no side effect. Taken according to the instructions, the medicine has no side effect.

3. Though he was defeated by the young player for the second time, he didn’t lose heart. Defeated by the young player for the second time, he didn’t lose heart. 4. Because he was born in a poor family, he had little schooling. Born in a poor family, he had little schooling.


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