The Qin Tomb and the Terracotta Warriors
Introduction vocabulary and speaking
Look at the picture and discuss the questions. Use the words in the b
ox to help you.
army battle clay column emperor expression hairstyle soldier tomb underground uniform
1. Which emperor of ancient China ordered these terracotta warriors to be made? Emperor Qin Shihuang
2. Where were the terracotta warriors discovered?
1.5 km away from his tomb.
3. What are the warriors doing?
Standing like an army ready for battle.
4. Are all the warriors identical? No, they are all different from each other.
5. Why do you think the Emperor built the terracotta warriors?
Put the dynasties of ancient China in the correct order. 1. Zhou Dynasty 2. Han Dynasty
3. Three Kingdoms, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties 4. Sui Dynasty 5. Qin Dynasty
6. Tang Dynasty
Answer the questions.
1.During which dynasties were there many wars? Three Kingdoms, Jim, Southern and Northern Dynasties
2. During which dynasty was the Great Wall first built?
3. During which dynasty did China first become one country? Qin Dynasty
4. During which dynasty was the Grand Canal first established? Sui Dynasty
5. During which dynasty was China most powerful? Tang Dynasty
Can you think of more questions about the dynasties of ancient China? Having a talk with your partner.
Reading and vocabulary (1)
Fast reading Read the passage. Number the topics in the order you read about them. (a) The discovery of the warriors (b) the men who made the warriors (c) description of what the warriors look like (d) why the writer is at the site (e) Emperor Qin Shi Huang and his tomb (f) how the soldiers were made
(d) why the writer is at the site
(e) Emperor Qin Shi Huang and his tomb
(a) The discovery of the warriors (c) description of what the warriors look like (f) how the soldiers were made (b) the men who made the warriors
Read again Answer the question: 1. In which part of China is the underground tomb of Emperor Qin Shi Huang?
The northwest China’s Shanxi Province.
2. How and when were the terracotta warriors discovered?
By farmers digging a well.
3. How many terracotta warriors are there? 7,400
4. Why were they made? Because Emperor Qin wanted an army to protect him in the next life.
Look at the words from the passage and choose the correct answers. 1. archaeology (a) the study of ancient sites and buildings (b) the study of geography
2. unify (a) to change (b) to join together 3. crossbow
(a) a weapon
(b) an object that lights a fire
4. pit (a) a large hole in the ground (b) a river 5. facial
(a) on (your) face
(b) kind of
(a) to paint
(b) too write or cut words on or in something
(a) an object
(b) a statue
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words in the box.
construct entrance feature glue hairstyle hollow investigate rob solid treasure
1. entrance 3. glue 5. treasure 7. investigate 9. hollow
2. construct 4. features 6. robbed 8. solid 10. hairstyle
1.The writer is working on the ___ of Emperor Qin Shi Huang’s tomb. A. area B. site C. province
2.If archaeologists succeed in entering Win Shin Huang’s Tomb, they ____. A. will be robbed B. may be attacked C. will find treasure
3. 6.000 clay warriors were found by ____. A. peasants B. archaeologists C. soldiers
4. The site was __ a long time ago. A. visited B. discovered C. buried
1.The warriors look ____. A. strange B. tall C. quite real 2. The soldiers’ _____ show their position in the army. A. names B. uniforms C. weapons
3. The legs of each figure are ___. A. hollow B. glued together C. heavier than any other part
4. The name of __ is written on each figure. A. each soldier B. the man who made the soldier C. the Emperor
Answer the questions:
1. But I’ve never had so much fun in my life.
Why is the writer having fun? Because he is very lucky to be an archaeology student working on the terracotta warriors site.
2. There are rather worrying ancient descriptions of crossbows hidden at the tomb’s entrance. Why are the descriptions worrying?
Because if anyone tried to enter, they might be killed.
3. As the whole world knows, when the archaeologists started digging, they found 6.000 clay warriors …
How do you think the whole world discovered this?
It was reported in the newspapers and on television.
4. It seems that Emperor Qin Shi Huang had ordered the soldiers to be made in order to protect him in the next life. What does this tell us about Emperor Qin Shin Huang? That he was worried about what would happen to him after death.
5. I wonder if they were any help?!
What does the writer mean by this? He doesn’t know what happens to people after death and wonders if the army really did protect the Emperor.
6. In the half-light it’s easy to imagine that they are a real army.
Why is it only half-light? Because it is underground, and also if the lighting were too strong it might spoil the figures.
7. … I too feel so proud to be connected in some small way with Qin Shi Huang’s great army.
In what way is the writer connected with Qin Shi Huang’s army? He is working on the archaeological site where they are.
1.What do we learn about Emperor Qin Shi Huang from this passage?
What do we learn about his personality?
That he unified China over 2.000 years ago; he became king aged 13; he was a brilliant ruler, but very cruel.
2. What do we learn about the writer? What do we learn about his personality? That he is an archaeology student from London; he’s very lucky to have been chosen to work on this site; he seems very enthusiastic and happy.
3. Would you like to work on this site for a month or two? What would you enjoy? What would you dislike?
copyright ©right 2010-2020。