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高三英语写作复习课件 新课标 人教版


2005年湖南高考英语写作
题目要求:假设你是李平,最近参加了由某电视台举办 的中学生英语演讲比赛并获奖,该台准备组织获奖者去 北京参加一次英语夏令营活动,现就有关事项,征求你 的意见.请根据下表所提供的信息,用英语以书信形式 给予答复。 注意: 7月15日-22日或8月 1选择适合你的时间 活动时间 15日-22日 并说明理由.
活动内容

/>参加英语角/学唱英语歌曲 听英语讲座/表演英语短剧 看英语电影/教外教学中文

2选择两项你喜欢的活 动并说明理由. 3对活动的内容提出至 少一个建议或要求. 4词数100左右. 5信的开头和结尾已经 给出.

对活动内容 的建议或要 求

考生作品
Dear Sir or Madame, I am very glad to be invited to the English summer camp. I prefer to go in August, because I am free at that time. I like to take part in English Corner and learn to sing English songs. I like English corner because I want to use English to talk with others. I like English songs because my parents are artists. At the same time, I suggest that all the activities should be organized together and then we will have a good time together. Thanks a lot. Yours truly, Li Ping

优点:完成了试题规定的任务.应用的
语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求.应 用了简单的语句的连接成分,使全文结 构紧凑,无语法错误,达到了预期的写 作目的。 句式单一。对建议的表达缺乏思想性。

缺点:没有应用较多的语法结构和词汇,

参考范文
Dear Sir or Madame, I am very glad to be invited to the English summer camp.
I prefer to go in July because I will have to prepare myself for the new school term in August. It seems all the activities you offer are attractive and meaningful, but I’d like to attend the English lectures, from which I can get more information on British and American culture. With the coming of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games more and more foreigners are eager to know about China. So I hope to teach foreigners Chinese and spread Chinese culture.

It’s been a dream for me to visit Beijing. Could you organize a tour around the city during the camp.
Thank you very much. Yours truly,

Li Ping

高分作文的标准(21-25分):

1.完全完成了规定任务;
2.覆盖所有内容要点;

3.应用了较多的语法结构和词汇;
4.语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误但为尽力使 用较复杂或较高级词汇所致,具备了较强的语言 运用能力;

5.有效的使用语句间的连接成分,使全文结构 紧凑;
6.完全达到了预期的写作目的.

Ⅰ英语句子的种类
简单句 (The simple sentence)

并列句 (The compound sentence)
复合句 (The complex sentence)

请用合适的并列连词把每组句子合并为一个并列 句。 并列句

1. I turned on the TV.I watched it.

?I turned on the TV and watched it.
2. I bought my sister a present.She

didn’t like it.

?I bought my sister a present,but she didn’t like it.

3.He was tired. He went to bed. He was tired, so he went to bed.

4.The child hid behind his mother's skirt. He was afraid of the dog.
The child hid behind his mother's skirt,for he was afraid of the dog.

3.He made a promise.He didn’t keep it. He made a promise, but he didn’t keep it. 4.Mary is opening the door. John is greeting her guests.

Mary is opening the door,and John is greeting her guests.

请用括号中所给的词把此组句子 连接为一个复合句。
I still remember the day .I first came to Beijing on that day.(when)

I still remember the day when I first came to Beijing.

Ⅱ特殊句式
1.IT句型

2.强调句型
3.倒装句型

4.WITH复合结构
5.独立主格结构 6.省略句型

将下列句子变成强调句或者倒装句 1.I didn’t realize the mistake until I grow up.(强调划线部分) It was not until I grow up that I realized the mistake. 2.We can make our country stronger and stronger in this way.(倒装句) Only in this way can we make our country stronger and stronger.

III. 汉语中的逗号与在英语中的作用并 非一致

英语中句与句之间的联系绝不依靠逗号, 而是 借助连接词。缺少连接词, 句与句之间也就不 存在其合理性.

例如: ? 老师问了我一个问题, 我不会回答。 ?
The teacher asked me a question, I ? couldn't answer it. × ? The teacher asked me a question, and/but ? I couldn't answer it.√ ?

? 英语逗号用法与提升英语作文品质
--NMET考生容易忽视或误用的英语写作常识 Dear Dick, How nice to hear from you again. You want to know what is going on in schools in China? In short, things have begun to improve since schools were called on to reduce learning load. I don't know about others, but I used to work even at weekends doing endless homework and attending classes as well. Now I have more free time. I can follow my own interests such as reading books, visiting museums,

? and taking computer lessons. In the evenings I can watch news on TV or read newspapers. What's more, I can go to bed earlier. As far as I know, everyone is happy about this new arrangement of things. Best wishes, Li Hua 其中含逗号用法的情形: (1) Dear Dick, (2) In short, (3) I don't know about others, but... (4) I can follow my own interests such as reading books, visiting museums, and taking ... (5) What's more, (6) As far as I know, (7) Best wishes,

?

启示与结论:
凡逗号出现的场合和时机无不体现英语的使 用习惯或固定的表达方式, 也与“为尽力使用 较复杂结构或较高级词汇, 具有较强的语言运 用能力”, 以及实现“上下文的连贯性, 即有 效地使用语句间的连接成分, 全文结构紧凑, 语言的得体性”这些重要的考试要求相关。以 逗号为主线, 研读流畅、精采表达的各种方式, 有可能使得写作快速步上新的台阶, 从而收到 事半功倍的效果。

【要点1】插入语前后须用逗号隔开
1. It is, after all, due to his negligence.
毕竟这是由于他的疏忽.

2. She is, as I have told you before, very fond of collecting stamps. 就像我以前告诉过你的她很喜欢集邮 3. I am ,therefore, very careful when crossing the road. 因此我过马路时非常小心. 4. They, Mr. and Mrs. White, will be there in Beijing tomorrow. 他们(怀特先生和太太)明天就到达北京.

5. He is, to be exact, sixteen years old and is not old enough to join the army.确切的说,他才十六岁,还没有达
到参军的年龄.

【要点2】副词从句和逗号
(1) 句首的副词从句用逗号隔开。 If it rains tomorrow, I will not go. 明天下雨的话,我就不去了。 When they met, they used to nod to each other. 他们见面时, 会互相点头。 (2) 副词从句出现在主句之后, 一般不用逗号,但附加 的语意强时,就用逗号。 He is loved by all, because he is honest. 他人很诚恳,受到大家的爱戴。 He works hard, so that he may pass. 他很用功,想必能考及格。 (3) 短的住所、时间副词从句可不用逗号。 When it rains he stays at home 下雨时他待在家里。 When passing (=When he was passing) he looked in. 他路过时顺便进来坐了一会儿。

My Opinion on Cheating In Exams It is known to us all that some students cheat in exams at school. As students, we often take exams at school, but sometimes we have too many exams which are too difficult for us. On the other hand, some of us are lazy and don’t work hard at their lessons. So when taking exams they sometimes cheat in order to get better results to please their parents and teachers. In my opinion, it is wrong to cheat in exams because it breaks the rules of schools. We students should be honest and try to get good results by studying hard instead of cheating in exams. What’s more, we should improve our study methods and get well prepared for exams.

One day, I was on my way to school and a man was riding along the street.
Suddenly, a car ran fast towards the man. The car hit the bike heavily and the man fell to the ground wounded.

The driver caused an accident. He was so frightened that he ran away quickly with his car.

Because I saw what had happened and remembered the number of the car as well, I reported this to the policeman at once. As a result, the driver was caught and he was punished for what he had done.

要 如何算是一篇好文章? 点 -覆盖了所有的要点 全 -应用了较多的语法结构 和词汇 词汇,句型 (高级)和 语法多样化(较复杂) 连 -有效地使用了语句间的 接 连接成分,使全文结构紧 词 凑 巧用逗号,提升作文品质

Homework
目前,有不少的中国人讲汉语时喜欢夹杂着英语.就此现象, 你们班最近举行了一场辩论赛.请根据下表的提示,用英语 客观的介绍一下辩论的结果. 40%的同学认为: 60%同学认为: 你的观点: 有点讽刺意义; 喜欢这种方式; 对学英语毫无作用 更有助于表达思想;
要求:
1, 可适当发挥,不要逐句翻译; 2, 补充自己的观点;

3, 字数:约100个单词.开头已经给出,不计入总词数’ 4, 参考词汇:讽刺的---ridiculous

Nowadays, more and more Chinese people can use English in their daily communication. …


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