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2015-2016学年(全国通用)中考英语复习语法专项练习-代词(含答案及解析)


2015-2016 学年(全国通用)中考英语复习语法专项练习 代词
1. (2010 东城一模)—— Which sport do you like better, swimming or running? ____of them. I like horse-riding. A Both B All C None D Neither

2.(2010

西城一模)——Oh, ____new bike is over there? It’s so nice﹗ ——Mm?Lily told me that she boast a bike yesterday. Maybe it’s hers. A whose B what C who D Which

3.(2010 海淀一模)——Is that your key, Tim? ——No, it’s not ____. I think it’s Sam’s. A I B me C my D mine

(2010 海淀一模) There are many people in the park. Some are singing, ____are exercising. A other B others C the other D the others

(2010 朝阳一模) ——Welcome to our house﹗ ——oh, how nice﹗It’s bigger than ____. A we B us C our D ours

6.(2010 朝阳一模)I have two sisters. One is a teacher, ____ is a doctor. A other B another C others D the other

7.(2010 崇文一模)——I can’t find ____ in the office. Where are they? —— They have gone to the restaurant. A somebody B everybody C anybody D nobody

8. (2010 宣武一模) —— Where would you like to go? —— Warm places﹗ You know , I don’t like to go ____. A cold somewhere C somewhere cold B cold anywhere D anywhere cold

9.(2010 东城二模)——The coffee tastes good. ——Would you like ____cup?
1

A other

B another

C Others

D the other

10.(2010 大兴二模)I’m hungry now. I would like to have ____nice to eat. A everything something 导入 1.什么叫代词呢? 知识要点 一、人称代词和物主代词 (一) 人称代词 人称代词分为_________和___________两种形式。主格通常做______,放在谓语动 词_______;宾格通常做_______, 放在谓语动词和介词__________。 单数 复数 B anything C nothing D

人称

第一人称 第二人称

第三人称

第一人称 第二人称

第三人称

主格 宾格

I m

(二) 形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词。 【用法】形容词性物主代词相当于形容词,放在__________前。名词性物主代词后 面则不能再跟名词。 人称 形容词性物主代词 名词性物主代词 (三) Task3 反身代词 第一人称 单数 复数 精选习题 一、选择填空 1. My bike is broken. Where is_______?
2

第一人称 my mine

第二人称

第三人称

第二人称

第三人称

myself

A. your 2.

B. you

C. yours

D. yourself

--My computer! It’s all black! --Let me have a look. And you may use ______if you have something important to do. She is just playing games now.

A .mine C. hers

B. it D. his winter vacation?

3. Where did you go for your

---My family went to Pairs.____ had a great time. A. C. 3. A. her 4. He We B. D. She They

The CD player isn’t mine. It belongs to ________. B. she C. hers D. herself

--What do you think of their school? --It’s really beautiful. But I don’t think their school is as big as

_______.www-2-1-cnjy-com A. ours 5. B. us C. we D. our

.--Is this kite_______? A. he; myself C. his; himself

--No, it’s mine. It’s made by______.

B. him; me D. his; myself

6.

Reading can increase your words. When you read, you will find words repeat(重复)_______ and build up your vocabulary quickly. A. ourselves B. itself C. themselves D. yourself

7.

Can I borrow ______ pen? ________is broken. A. you; My B. your; me I came in a hurry C. your; Mine D. yours; My

8. t A.we C. our 9.

Oh!

and forgot to bring food.---I have ______.

doesn’t

matter. You can B.us D. ours

–Do you know _____ this dictionary belongs to? Oh, it’s ____.
3

-- Let me see.

A. who does, mine C. whose; mine 10. ---Wow! uy one

B. who; me D. who; mine ---This is my new e-dictionary.

I like ____very much. I want to ask my dad to b for _______. B.it, my D. it’s, mine

A.it, me C .its, me 11. – -A. C. 11.

Are these books __________? __________.

No, they are not mine. They belong to your; her you; hers B. D. yours; her yours; she

—Jim, who taught ________Chinese before you came to school?

—Nobody. I learned it by _______. A. your; myself C. you ;me 12. A. your C. yourself B. yourself; myself D. you ;myself

15. Please help _________ to some fruit, children. B. you D. yourselves

小结 1.人称代词和物主代词; 2. 反身代词的使用

第 2 课时 导入 1.什么叫不定代词? 知识要点 一、不定代词
4

(一)

复合不定代词

复合不定代词 由 some; any; no; every 和 body; thing; one 构成的合成词 1. 自身的意义以及对句式的要求:构成复合不定代词的两个部分分别表示不同的 意义和对句式的要求以及考虑其表人还是表物。 body 用来表人;thing 用来表物;one 既可表人也可表物。 2. 主谓一致性关系:复合不定代词任何时候都看为单数,作主语时,谓语动词使 用第三人称单数形式。 e.g 错:Everybody in our class are interested in English. 3. 定语后置关系:对复合不定代词进行修饰的词语必须后置放在它的后面。 e.g 错:I have important something to tell you. 4. 代换复合不定代词的人称代词:在使用人称代词代换复合不定代词时,应考虑 其表人还是表物,表人时,用 they 代换,表物时,用 it 代换。 e.g :Something is wrong with your computer, isn’t it? Nobody has been there before, have they? (二) 不定代词 none 表示三者或者三者以上都不 neither 表示两者都不

1. all 表示三者或者三者以上都 both 表示两者都 either 表示两者中的一个(二选一) all

both 表达的都是复数概念; none; neither; either 表达的都是单数概念

拓展用法: Neither?nor? 既不?也不? (就近原则) 如: Neither he nor his

parents have been to the USA. Either?or? teacher. Not only?but also? also he is a teacher. 注: both?and?. 都 (是复数概念) 如: Both his parents and he are teachers. 不但?而且(就近原则) Not only his parents but 或者?或者 (就近原则) Either he or I am a

2. other 的用法:other, another, others, the other, the others 的用法区别 基本用法
5

other:形容词,其后带复数名词 another:限定词,其后带单数可数名词;代词,代换上文中提及的可数名词(单 数,泛指) ; the other:限定词,其后可带名词;代词,代换上文中提及的可数名词(单数, 定指) ; others:代词,其后不能带名词,代换上文中提及的可数名词(复数,泛指) ; the others:代词,其后不能带名词,代换上文中提及的可数名词(复数,定指) ; (三) 考点要求 注意两个句式、一个搭配和两个区别 a) 两个句式的用法 (1)One ? the other ? 一些 ?? 另一些 b) 一个搭配:any 同 other 连用时应注意之点: any other + 单数名词:any 后如还带有名词,用 other,名词用单数; c) 两个区别: (1) 同数词连用时 another 和 more 的区别 词后。 To finish the work in time, we need another two men. = To finish the work in time, we need two more men. (2)other 和 else 的区别 Other 用于名词前;else 用于 wh-词或复合不定代词后,其后不能带名词。 What other animals do you like? Do you have anything else to tell us? What else did you buy last week? 典型例题 ( ) 1. (2009?河北) Sam looks like his Dad. They are ______ tall.2-1-c-n-j-y B. any C. all D. both another 用于数词前, more 用于数 一个 ?? 另一个 (2)Some ? others ?

A. either (

) 2.(2009?江西)---Which of the two T-shirts will you take?

---I’ll take ______, one of my brother, the other for myself. A. either ( B. neither C. all D. both

)3.(2009·湖南娄底)—How heavily it rained this early morning.?
6

—Yes. But A. some (

of the students in our class was late for school. B. none C. all?

)4. If you can’t decide which of the two novels to borrow, why don’t

you take _____ ? I won’t read them this month. A. both ( B. all C. any D. either

) 5.(2009·湖北孝感)The books are so nice, which one can I take?

21cnjy.com — Oh, you can take _________ of them. I’ll keep none. A. both ( B. all C. neither D. either

)6. 【2013 江苏扬州】3. — Wow! You've got so many clothes.

— But ________ of them are in fashion now. A. all 精选习题 一、 单项选择题 1.You may come to my house ______ this week_____ next week. A .neither; or C .either ;or B .from ; to D. either; nor B. both C. neither D. none

2.I don’t think you can do it all______ . A. by ourselves B. by myself C. by ourself D .by yourselves

3.Does your brother often wash clothes______? A. he B .himself C. herself D .him

4. We study Chinese, English , maths and some ______ subjects. A .the other B. one C .other D .another

5.I have two sisters . ______ of them are doctors. A. Both B. All C . Either D. Neither

6. The book on the shelf is______. She wrote______ name on its cover ________. A .Hers ; her ;herself B. Her; hers; herself C. Herself; her; hers D .Her; herself; herself

7. “Don’t worry . There’s______ much wrong with you.” said the doctor.
7

A. nothing 8.

B .everything

C. something

D .very

___ of the four roads will take you to the hospital. B. Either C. Both D. Any

A. Neither

9.I asked Jim and Bob to come to my house for dinner , but______ of them came . A .another B. other C .the others D .others

10.Betty and John have come back , but______ students in the class aren’t here yet. A. the other B others C. another D. the others

11.She stayed there longer than ______ . A. anyone B .anything else C. anybody D .anybody else

12.Is this her bike? No, it isn’t . It’s ______. A. mine 13. B. my C. me D. he’s

Can I have ___bottle of orange, please? B. other C. others D. the others

A. another

14. —The teachers in that school speak either English or French, or even _________. —That's so cool! A. all B. both C. neither D. none

15. —What kind of house would you like? , —I'd like __________with a garden in front of__________. A. It, one B. one, one C. one, it D. it, it

16.Granny seems ill . Are you sure it’s______? A .nothing serious C. serious nothing B. anything serious D. serious anything

17. There are forty-four students in Class One. Nineteen of them are boys,___ are girls. A. the other B. the others C. others D. some others

18. "Make____at home." he said to his friends. A. yourself B. yourselves C. you D. yours

19. I have two sisters, but_________of them is a teacher.
8

A. all

B. neither

C. both

D. none

20.There are shops on _____ side of the street.________ of them do not close till 12 at night. A. both; All B. every; None C. either; Some D. other; Many

21 The boy runs faster than_______ in his class., A. any of the boy 22. Lily B. any boys C. any other boy D . all the boys

Lucy is going with you because one of them must slay at home. B. Neither; nor

A. Not only;but also C. Both; and

D. Either; or

23.Neither my father nor my mother ________ rock music. They think that it’s too ______. A. like; noise C. like; noisy B. likes; noise D. likes; noisy -- __________is OK.I don’t care. C. Both --I’ll take _______,one for my

24. --Which do you prefer, tea or coffee? A. Either B. Neither

25. —Which of the caps will you take? father ,the other for my brother. A .neither B .both

C. all

26_________of the hats suited him ,so Jack had to try on the third one. A. Neither B. Either C. Both

27. —Is the woman a teacher?—Yes. She teaches ________ English. A.you B.us C.our D.your

28. —Have you got ________ready for the sports meeting? --Not yet .We still have ________to do. A .anything ;nothing B .something ;everything C .everything ;something 29. –How many students are there in the classroom? all in the lab. A. Some B. None
9

--__________. They are

C All

D. Neither

30—How many students like this song? --___________of us likes it. It sounds terrible. A. None B. Nobody C. Every one D. All

31. —I don’t know _______to do next? --It’s easy .Press the red button in 2 minutes. A. what B .how C. where D. when

32—Excuse me, is this _______ new camera?—Yes, it’s _______. A. your; my C. yours; my 33. —Who is Mr. B. your; mine D. yours; mine? Xu? --He is _____teacher and he teaches

_______P.E.2·1·c·n·j·y A. our ;us B. our; our C .ours; our

34. — Would you like to go to the concert with me tonight? --I’d love to , but ________of us couple has tickets. Do you have some? A .both 35. — Could B. neither you please tell me C. none _________in today’s newspaper?

--Sorry,________. A. something special; special nothing B .special something ;special nothing C. something special; nothing special 36. I’m expecting a pet dog for long ,but mom has no time to buy _______for me. A .it B .one C .this D .that

37. —Would you like tea or coffee? A. None 小结 1.各代词的灵活使用: 课后练习 一、选择题 ( B. Either

--_________is OK.I really don’t mind. C. Neither D .Both

) 1.(2009?江苏宿迁)–Mum, can I have something________?
10

–Oh, dear. You can only drink some water. There is________ in the kitchen. A. to drink; nothing else C. to eat; something else ( B. drinking; something else D. eating; nothing else

) 2.(2009.安徽)---I’m leaving for the exam. Bye-bye, Mum.

---Well, make sure you’ve got ______ ready. A. something ( B. anything C. everything ? D. everything D. nothing

)3. You don’t have a drink. Ca n I get you A. something B. anything C. nothing

(

) 4.(2009?哈尔滨)---How can I make friends in a new school?

---Say hello to______ to you today,and you can have a friend tomorrow. A.new someone ( B.someone new C.new anyone

) 5.【2014 北京】Look! The clock has stopped. Maybe there’s _______

wrong with it. A. everything ( B. something C. anything D. nothing

) 6.【2014 温州】—Look, _______ is dancing under the tree. —Oh, that’s my cousin, Anna.

A. everybody ( with her. A. nothing (

B. anybody

C. nobody

D. somebody

) 7.【2014 济宁】Look! Sonia looks worried. There must be ______ wrong

B .something

C. anything

D. everything

) 8.(2009?广州) with

An old friend of my sister's always helps my brother and English. A. I; our ( expensive. A. him ( B. mine C. my D. her B. me; ourselves C. I; my

D. me; our , but it is more

) 9.(2009?山东淄博)His MP3 is the same as

) 10.(2009?河北)Is there any difference between your idea and ______ ? B. his C. she D. her

A. he (

) 11.(2009?山东威海)---Is this the Greens’ house?
11

---No, ______ is over there. A. His ( B. Their C. Their D. Them

) 12.(2009?山东烟台)---Where is my pen? Have you seen ______ ?

---Oh, sorry. I have taken ______ by mistake. A. it, yours ( B. them, his C. it, mine D. them, hers

) 13.(2009?四川成都)---Is this kite ______ , Tom?

---Yes, it’s mine. It’s made by ______ . A. yours, myself ( B. mine, myself C. ours, himself

) 14.(2009?江苏南京)---Are the keys over there ______ ?

---No, Go and ask Anna. They may belong to her. A. you B. your C. yours D. yourself

课后记 相关词组: one? the other 只有两个 some? the others 有三个以上 some? others,others? others = other people/things the others = the rest 剩余的全部 1) 泛指另一个用 another。 2) 一定范围内两人(物),一个用 one,另一个用 the other。 3) 一定范围内三者, 一个用 one, 另一个用 one (another), 第三个可用 the other, a third。 4) 一定范围内,除去一部分人/物,剩余的全部用 the others。 5) 泛指别的人或物时,用 others 当在一定范围内,除去一部分后,剩余部分但不 是全部时,也用 others

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