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unit1 friendship words and expression


Unit1

Friendship

Words and Expressions

1. add v.添加,加,补充说
Eg. He doesn’t know how to add.
She added a little sugar to the medicine. He added that he

was pleased with the result.

[常用搭配]
? ? ? ? add to/ add … to…增添;把……加在…… add up把……加起来, add up to...总计,总数达 Eg. Will you add some sugar to the coffee, please? ? Add up all these numbers, and you'll get one hundred. ? The bill added up to twenty yuan.

1.That’s all I have to say. Is 直击高考 there anything you’d like to ,John? A. talk B. require C. add D. deliver 2.That is the very coin I need to my collection. A. add up B. add in C. add on D. add to

2. calm adj.平静的,镇静的, 沉着 的;vt&vi.(使)平静,(使)镇静
? calm作形容词时,主要用于指天气、海 洋或人的心情平静;作不及物动词用时, 常与down构成动词短语calm down;也 可作及物动词,意为 “使……平静”。 ? He remained/ stayed/ kept calm in an emergency situation.
? What I said calmed him down.

【辨析】 quiet,silent,still
? 1)quiet强调“宁静,文静” “没有吵闹声 的”。 ? 2)silent表示“沉默,不说话的”。 ? 3)still侧重“静止不动的”。

3. concern n. 关心,担心;担忧
vt.涉及,关系到;影响到;使担心;使不安

? Eg. The news concerns your brother.
? The boy’s poor health concerned his parents

? That’s no concern of mine. ? concerned adj. 有关的;担心的

【常用搭配】
? be concerned about /for关心,挂念 ? be concerned with 与…有关 ? so/as far as sth/sb be concerned 就…而 言 ? She is concerned about your safety. ? The good news is concerned with vacation. ? As far as I am concerned, it is important to study English well.

4. go through
? Eg. The country has gone through too many wars. 经历,经受 ? Have you gone through all your money already? 花完,用光
You should go through your test paper before you hand it in.仔细检查,浏览

【归纳拓展】
? ? ? ? ? get through 完成;通过;接通;用完 break throug 突破;突围 look through 浏览;识破 see through 看穿;识破 live through 活过;熬过

5. in order to… 为了……

? We started early in order to arrive before dark. ? In order to get school on time, he got up earlier. ? 【辨析】so as to; in order that ? He got up eariler in order to/ so as to get school on time. ? He got up earlier in order that he got school on time. so as to 不用于句首, in order to两者都可, In order that 引导目的状语从句

6.face to face

? 1)His boss is talking to him face to adv face. 2)His boss is having a face-to-face adj talk with him. 【拓展】 ? hand in hand 手牵手 ? shoulder by shoulder 肩并肩 ? heart to heart 心连心 ? arm in arm 臂挽臂 ? back to back 背对背

7. suffer Vt. 遭受;忍受 Vi. 受…之苦(与from连用)
? suffer作不及物动词用时,常与介词from 构成短语,表示 “患病,受…折磨,因…而 受到损失”等意思。当suffer作及物动词用 时,其后可直接跟pain, injury, death, loss等表示伤痛、死亡、损失的名词。 eg. The company suffered a great loss. He often suffers from headaches at night. sufferer n.受苦者;受难者 suffering n. 遭受

8. get/be tired of对……厌烦
? ? ? ? ? get / be tired with / from 因(做)某事而感到疲劳 eg. I am tired of so many questions. The boy is tired from long studying. 【经典例题】 You may be tired ___ studying, but you should not be tired ___ it. ? A. of; from B. with; of ? C. to; of D. from; to

9. join in 参加;加入
? 【辨析】

? join, join in, take part in 和 attend
1)join有两个用法: (1)指加入某个党派,团体组织等,成为其 成员。 When did your brother join the army? (2)和某人一道做某事, join sb. in (doing) sth。 Will you join us in the discussion?

2)join in , take part in 多指参加某种活动。
? They are going to join in/ take part in the singing.

3) attend是正式用语,及物动词,指参加会 议,婚礼,葬礼,典礼;去上课,上学, 听报告等。如:
He'll attend an important meeting tomorrow.


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