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2013中考


2013 年全国各地市中考英语试卷分类解析汇编:

单项选择
被动语态
【2013 陕西】28. The mobile phone has influenced people’s life a lot since it _________. A. invents 【答案】D 【解析】考查动词时态和语态。句意:自从手机发明后,它在很大程度上影

响了人们的生活。根据句意判断用一般过 去时,手机与动词 invent 在逻辑上是被动关系,所以用一般过去时的被动语态。 【2013 哈尔滨】26. On June 11th, 2013,Shenzhou-10 carrying three astronauts _____ into space from the space center in Jiuquan. All the Chinese people are proud of its successful launch. A. sent up 【答案】C 【解析】 本题考查一般过去时的被动语态结构。 On June 11th, 2013 可知该句为一般过去时, 由 排除 B 项; 主语 Shenzhou-10 与谓语动词存在被动关系,故应用被动语态,故选 C。 【2013 江苏常州】6. This listening material, together with its CD-ROMs, A. sells 【答案】A 【解析】 本题考查动词的语态。 某些可以和 well, easily, smoothly 等副词连用的不及物动词如 read, write, wash, clean, draw, cook, sell, lock, open 等,且主语是非生命的名词或代词,用主动结构表被动含义。本句的主语为 This listening material 为第三人称单数;sell well 意为“畅销”。句意为“这个听力材料以及它的光盘很畅销。”故选 A。 【2013 湖南益阳】30. The sports meeting _________next month. A. will hold B. is going to hold C. will be held 【答案】C 【解析】考查被动语态的用法。主语 the sports meeting 不能执行谓语动词 hold,是 hold 的承受者,需用被动语态。next month 说明句子用一般将来时态。其被动结构为:will be held。故选 C。 【2013 河南】28. —Excuse me. I'm looking for Be the Best of Yourself. —Sorry. The book you ask for______ out. A. is selling 【答案】B 【解析】考查动词的语态。主语 the book 和动词 sell 构成被动关系,又时态为一般现在时,因此用一般现在时的被动 语态。答语句意“对不起,你要的书已售完”。故选 B。 【2013 河北】38. Annie A. invites 【答案】C 【解析】考查动词语态的用法。根据句子的句意可知“她和我们度过了一段愉快的时光”用的时态是过去时,故被邀请 也该是表示过去的时态,故答案应选 C。 【2013 广西玉林】34. Many houses ______ in the earthquake of April 20, 2013 in Ya’an. A. is destroyed 【答案】D 【解析】考查一般过去时的被动语态。A 为一般现在时的被动语态,单数;B 为一般现在时的被动语态,复数;C 为
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B. invented

C. is invented

D. was invented

B. are sent up

C. was sent up

well.

B. sell

C. is sold

D. are sold

B. is sold

C. was selling

D. will be sold

to the party. She had a wonderful time with us. B. is invited C. was invited D. has invited

B. are destroyed

C was destroyed

D. were destroyed

一般过去时的被动语态,单数;D 为一般过去时的被动语态,复数。根据 many houses 主语为复数 A 和 C 排除,结合 时间状语已过去,所以时态为一般过去时。所以选择答案 D。 【2013 广西南宁】32. Han Han’s books are popular. They A. is read 【答案】C 【解析】考查动词的语态。由上句可知韩寒的书很受欢迎,用一般现在时;主语 they 是复数形式,故答案选 C 项。 【2013 湖南衡阳】27. Teenagers A. should not be 【答案】A 【解析】本题考查情态动词被动语态的否定形式。其形式为情态动词+not+be+动词的过去分词。故选 A。 【2013 湖北宜昌】34. —At present, one of the best ways to study is working in groups. —More chances _______ to students to learn from each other. A. offer 【答案】B 【解析】 考查被动语态的用法。 句子大意为“小组学习为学生提供了更多相互学习的机会”。 “机会”和“提供”之间存在“被 动”关系,须用被动语态。四个选项中,只有 are offered 为被动语态。所以选择答案 B。 【2013 湖北十堰】36. —I want to borrow the book, but I don’t know how long it may ________. —For two weeks. A. keep 【答案】D 【解析】 考查语态和动词用法辨析, 根据题干意义我们知道书应该被借或者被保存, 所以用被动语态。 又根据回答—For two weeks.可以知道是一段时间,所以要选用延续性动词 keep,根据以上两个条件,选 D。 【2013 湖北孝感】38. Many trees _______ on the streets every years. So the air is very fresh now. A. plant C. planted 【答案】B 【解析】考查被动语态的用法。根据“every years”得知用一般现在时态。主语是 Many trees 故用一般现在时态的被动语 态,因此选 B。 【2013 湖北襄阳】39. —Didn't you see the sign "No Parking!" on the right? —Sorry, I didn't. But now I know parking 【答案】B 【解析】选 B。考查被动语态的用法。由上句中的"No Parking!"可知,停车不被允许,根据时间状语 now 可知,考察 一般现在时态的被动语态,故选 B。 【2013 湖北咸宁】30. From May 6, pedestrians(行人) authorities. A. will fine 【答案】D 【解析】考查被动语态。主语 pedestrians 是动词作的承受者,应当用被动语态;再根据 if 引导的条件状语从句中用了 一般现在时,可以推断出主句中应当用一般将来时。 【2013 天津】36.—What languages ______ in that country'?
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by many teenagers. D. were read

B. was read

C. are read

allowed to drive. C. not should be

B. should be not

B. are offered

C. have offered

D. are offering

B. be borrowed

C. borrow

D. be kept

B. are planted D. were planted

here.

A. wasn't allowed B. isn't allowed C. won't allow D. doesn't allow

10 yuan if they run red lights, according to Beijing traffic

B. were fined

C. are fine

D. will be fined

—German and English A. are speaking 【答案】B 【解析】考查动词的语态。句意:——那个国家说什么语言?——德语和英语。通过上句可知“语言是被人们所说”, 即用被动语态即句子主语是动作的承受者,排除 A、C;又因主语 languages 是复数形式,排除 A。 【2013 黑龙江绥化】9. Boys and girls, the books in the library should ________ good care of. A. be taken 【答案】A 【解析】考查被动语态。句意:男孩们和女孩们,应该好好保管图书馆的书。书应该被保管,所以用被动语态,此题 should be done 句型,故选择答案 A。 【2013 黑龙江齐齐哈尔】19.-A new park in our hometown next year. -Really? Our hometown must be more beautiful. A. will build 【答案】B 【解析】考查一般将来时的被动语态。主语和谓语动词之间是被动关系,应用被动语态;根据时间状语“next year”可知 应用一般将来时,所以选择答案 B。 【2013 甘肃白银】32. A year has four seasons and it ________ twelve different star signs. A. divided into 【答案】D 【解析】考查动词的时态和语态 句意:一年有四个季节,并且并分为十二个星座。被分为,应用被动形式,其构成 Be+过去分词,故选 D。 【2013 江苏南京】13.It is said that an Asian Culture Village Asian Youth Games period. A. builds 【答案】C 【解析】考查动词的被动语态用法。an Asian Culture Village(亚洲文化村)与动作 build 构成被动关系,所以应使用被动 语态,故排除 A、B 项;又据句中 in the coming Asian Youth Games period 可知为将来时间,所以选择答案 C。 【2013 广东梅州】43. The child without parents ______ good care of by his teachers in this special school. A. is taken 【答案】A 【解析】考查主谓一致及被动语态。主语 the child 与动词短语 take care of 之间是被动关系,故用一般现在时的被动语 态。故选 A。 【2013 江苏连云港】9. — Clark, your room is really in a mess. It needs ________. — Sorry, mum. I'll do it at once. A. clean 【答案】D 【解析】考查动词短语的用法。needs 加了 s,则说明它不是情态动词,故排除 A,选项 B 也不符合语法,短语 need to be done= need doing 表示“需要被……。”所以选择 D。 【2013 江苏泰州】11. — “Frog”, Mo Yan's latest novel, please! — Sorry, it ________ just now. But it will come out again soon. A. sold out B. is sold out C. has sold out D. was sold out B. cleaned C. to clean D. to be cleaned B. are taken C. take D. takes B. is building C. will be built D. was built inside the AYG, Village in Nanjing in the coming B. is dividing into C. divided into D is divided into B. will be built C. is built B. take C. are taking B. are spoken C. speak D. is spoken

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【答案】 D 【解析】考查动词的语态。答句意为“刚刚被卖完”,因此用被动语,sell out 卖完,卖光,又由句中的时间状语 just now 知,用一般过去时态的被动语态,所以选择答案 D。 【2013 四川雅安】10. 一 Who designed this game? 一 It A. is designed 【答案】C 【解析】考查一般过去时的被动语态。主语和谓语动词之间是被动关系,应用被动语态;根据时间状语“in 1999”可知 应用一般过去时,所以选择答案 C。 【2013 山东临沂】33. —Do you know Earth Day? —Sure. It A. sets up 【答案】D 【解析】考查动词短语的时态和语态。Set up 动词短语,意为“创立、建立”;又根据语境主语 it 代指地球日,物作主语 句子应该用被动语态;并且 in 1970 是指过去的时间状语,因此句子应用一般过去时。故 D 项正确。 【2013 重庆】33.A lot of trees _____around here every year,and we can enjoy fresher air now. A.were planted 【答案】B 解析:本题考查一般现在时态的被动语态。由时间状语 every year 知要用一般现在时态。主语 a lot of trees 是动作 plant 的承受者,因此用一般现在时态的被动语态。故选 B。 【2013 浙江衢州】25. Lots of food and water A. were sent 【答案】A 【解析】本题考查动词的被动语态。首先看句子的主语是“大量的水和食物”句义是地震发生后,所以用被动语态,排 除 C 和 D,雅安已经发生地震,所以用过去式,所以选 A。 【2013 四川内江】40. Many buildings in Lushan ____ in the earthquake on April 20th. It will surely be reconstructed(重建) more beautifully. A. have destroyed 【答案】C 【解析】考查时态和语态的用法。根据时间状语 on April 20th,是过去的,要用过去时,又由主语是 buildings,是动作 的承受者,要用被动语态,所以要用过去时态的被动语态,所以选择答案 C。 【2013 山东青岛】18. The song reminds me of my old school days as soon as it ______. A. is played 【答案】 A 【解析】考查被动语态的用法。句意:这首歌被播放的时候,使我想起了我的学生时代。it 作 play 的承受者,故用被 动语态,所以选择答案 A。 【2013 福建福州】43. —Excuse me, sir, smoking _________ in the gas station. — Oh, I'm really sorry. A. doesn't allow 【答案】B 【解析】选 B。考查被动语态和非谓语动词的用法。Smoking 作为非谓语动词作主语应看做第三人称单数来处理;又该
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by Tom in 1999. B. designs C. was designed D. designed

in 1970 to tell us to protect our planet. B. set up C. is set up D. was set up

B.are planted

C.will plant

D.are planting

Ya’an, Sichuan Province immediately after the earthquake happened. D. SENT

B. are sent

C. send

B. are destroyed

C. were destroyed

D. are destroying

B. plays

C. will be played

D. will play

B. isn't allowed

C. aren't allowed

句的句意为“对不起,先生,加油站不允许吸烟”,故句子应该用被动语态。所以 C 项为正确答案。 【2013 山东滨州】29. —It’s difficult to get to the other side of the river. —I think a bridge A. should be built 【答案】A 【解析】考查被动语态。根据主语 a bridge 与 build 之间存在被动关系可知用被动语态。所以选择答案 A。 【2013