嘉兴一中 2013 学年第一学期学科测试
2013 年 8 月
第一部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分30分） 第一节：单项填空（共20小题；每小题0.5分，满分10分） 从A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处地最佳选
项，并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。 1. --- A robot dog provides you with unconditional love, gentleness and undemanding attention. --- _____ Does it do what every small dog is supposed to do? A. That’s reasonable advice. B. Isn’t it a good idea. C. Do you think so? D. I can’t agree more. 2. It's known to all that large quantities of TV and Radio programs in China were produced _________ people’s concern over edible oil last year. A. to raise B. raising C. raised D. having raised 3. Unlike the earth, Mars is too cold and Venus is far too hot _______ there to be any life. A. as B. so C. like D. for 4. A Christmas tree is ______ sign that can only be understood as far as ______ certain cultural understanding is concerned. A. the, / B. a, the C. a, a D. the, a 5. “I would never advise anyone to _______ a great opportunity,” she said, “but going to the right school for you is the most important thing.” A. set about B. deal with C. take after D. turn down 6. --- Our trip to Xinjiang is like tasting a thick book of Xinjiang history and culture. --- Absolutely! I’ve never had one before. A. a pleasant B. a more pleasant C. a most pleasant D. the most pleasant 7. The Super Girl Wang Bei’s death highlights the fact_______ cosmetic surgery has become one of China’s biggest beauty secrets. A. that B. how C. what D. why 8. --- How I regret making the stupid mistake! --- Yes. I your doing it another way at that time, but in vain. A. have suggested B. suggested C. would suggest D. had suggested 9． Students are required to go out in couples, especially in the evenings, with friends ______ they get into trouble． A. even if B. if only C. in case D. when 10. “As you need a day or two to ______ jetlag, you'll have a light schedule for today and tomorrow.” said my boss. A. go over B. get over C. turn over D. take over 11. I should apologize to you for failing to visit you last week, but I've been very busy_____ the past few months. A. since B. before C. among D. over 12. No matter ______ the CRH accident in Wenzhou, it had and will have much warning significance. A. how the investigators said caused B. what the investigators said caused C. why the investigators said caused D. the investigators said how caused 13. --- Have the police broken the case? ---Yes, five men, including a pair of twins, have admitted robbery at the store, but _______ murder. A. denied B. refused C. rejected D. declined
14. Most Chinese carmakers are years behind their western counterparts _______ quality, technology and service. A. in terms of B. in need of C. in favor of D. in praise of 15. As is known to all his friends, ______ would over discourage him because he would never give up his dream to be a director. A. something B. anything C. everything D. nothing 16. --- Are you going to see The Flowers of War by Zhang Yimou? --- _______It’s said to be too good a film to miss. A. No problem! B. That’s for sure. C. Why me? D. Why bother? 17. Get out of NEET group, Jack! You are supposed to your own living. A. win B. gain C. take D. earn 18. A housing bubble is an economic situation _____ occurs when house prices rise much too fast. A. which B. where C. what D. why 19. Rock-climbing is a breathtaking activity, very popular nationwide among young people, ______ cooperation as well as courage plays an important role. A. who B. which C. where D. of which 20. ---I’m sorry! I would have taken him to hospital if I had known he was seriously ill. --- But ______ . A. you didn't B. you hadn't C. he wasn't D. you aren't 第二节： 完形填空（共20小题；每小题1分， 满分20分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从21-40各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C和D）中，选 出最佳选项，并在答题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。 In a world where comparisons happen non-stop, it is difficult to look outside yourself and to ever be 21 with who you are. There’s always someone who’s a bit 22 . The only solution is to reach 23 and measure against what Warren Buffett calls your own inner yardstick. There is no more 24 measure for comparison than who your were yesterday, last week or last decade, when you were at your 25 . Nothing useful ever comes from comparison to others. Either you see yourself as better than someone and you get 26 , or you see someone else as better than you and you feel like all your hard work is for 27 . It is a fool’s game. Not one of us is exactly 28 . The only direct and honest comparison is 29 yourself. Everything else is apples to oranges. My opinion is that you are only 30 to compare yourself to someone else if their life 31 is the same as your own. Good luck finding that 32 . And one thing is for sure. No matter how hard you work and how dedicated（埋头苦干的）you are, there will always be someone who can run a little faster, jump a little higher, score a little better or look a little nicer in a swimsuit. And if there’s not, you can 33 someone is coming up fast 34 you. So how can you always win in life? Become your best 35 . Having an image of your most recent past limits is the perfect thing to 36 you to the next level. If you ran 7 flights of stairs yesterday, then do 8 today. Who 37 if the guy next to you did 15? It doesn’t make a bit of 38 . You are a more 39 person today than you were yesterday. Your own 40 is all you need. 21. A. patient B. strict C. content D. concerned 22. A. stronger B. better C. lazier D. wiser 23. A. inside B. out C. for D. up 24. A. accurate B. useful C. careful D. powerful 25. A. end B. best C. convenience D. side 26. A. satisfied B. busy C. inspired D. lazy 27. A. nothing B. fun C. sure D. success 28. A. equal B. unique C. alike D. common 29. A. within B. by C. for D. of
30. A. instructed 31. A. situation 32. A. game 33. A. conclude 34. A. before 35. A. assistant 36. A. contribute 37. A. cares 38. A. effort 39. A. successful 40. A. benefit
B. allowed B. position B. match B. bet B. beside B. competitor B. expose B. says B. sense B. happy B. progress
C. directed C. occasion C. friend C. announce C. below C. coach C. push C. wonders C. difference C. lucky C. habit
D. suggested D. accommodation D. enemy D. declare D. behind D. teacher D. devote D. asks D. change D. fit D. result
第二部分：阅读理解（第一节20小题，第二节5小题；每小题2分，满分50分） 第一节：阅读下列短文，从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中，选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡 上将该选项标号涂黑。 A It was an autumn morning shortly after my husband and I moved into our first house. Our children were upstairs unpacking, and I was looking out of the window at my father moving around mysteriously on the front lawn. My parents lived nearby, and Dad had visited us several times already. “What are you doing out there?” I called to him. He looked up, smiling. “I’m making you a surprise.” Knowing my father, I thought it could be just about anything. A self-employed jobber, he was always building things out of odds and ends. When we were kids, he always created something surprising for us. Today, however, Dad would say no more, and caught ups in the busyness of our new life, I eventually forgot about his surprise. Until one gloomy day the following March when I glanced out of the window. Any yet? I saw a dot of blue across the yard. I headed outside for a closer look. They were crocuses (番红 花), throughout the front lawn. Lavender, blue, yellow and my favorite pink ---- little faces moved up and down in the cold wind. Dad! I smiled, remembering the things he had secretly planted last autumn. He knew how the darkness and dullness of winter always got me down. What could have been more perfectly timely to my needs? My father’s crocuses bloomed each spring for the next four or five seasons, bringing the same assurance every time they arrived: hard times was almost over. Hold on, keep going, light is coming soon. Then a spring came with only half the usual blooms. The next spring there were none. I missed the crocuses. I would ask Dad to come over and plant new bulbs. But I never did. He died suddenly one October day. My family was in deep sorrow, leaning on our faith. I missed him terribly. Four years passed, and on a dismal spring afternoon I was driving back when I found myself feeling depressed. “You’ve got the winter depression again and you get them every year.” I told myself. It was Dad’s birthday, and I found myself thinking about him. This was not unusual --- my family often talked about him, remembering how he lived his faith. Once I saw him give his coat to a homeless man. Suddenly I slowed as I turned into our driveway. I stopped and stared at the lawn. And there on the muddy grass and small gray piles of melting snow, bravely waving in the wind, was one pink crocus. How could a flower bloom from a bulb more than 18 years old, one that had not blossomed in over a decade? But there was the crocus. Tears filled my eyes as I realized its significance. Hold on, keep going, light is coming soon. The pink crocus bloomed for only a day. But it built my faith for a lifetime. 41. According to the first three paragraphs, we learn that _________.
A. the writer was unpacking when her father was making the surprise B. the writer knew what the surprise was because she knew her father C. it was not the first time that the writer’s father had made a surprise D. it kept bothering the writer not knowing what the surprise was 42. Which of the following would most probably be the worst time of the year as seen by the writer? A. Spring. B. Summer. C. Autumn. D. Winter. 43. Which of the following is NOT true, according to the passage? A. The writer’s father planted the crocus to lift her low spirit. B. The crocuses bloomed each spring before the writer’s father died. C. The writer often thought about her father since her father died. D. The writer’s father died some years after he planted the crocus. 44. The writer’s father should be best described as_________. A. a full-time gardener with skillful hands B. a part-time jobber who loved flowers C. a kind-hearted man who lived with faith D. an ordinary man with doubts in his life 45. Crocus was viewed as the symbol of _________ by the writer. A. faith B. family C. love D. friendship B We can stay young forever. That is the message Dr. Shen Ziyin wants to give the world. And the Chinese doctor claims that he has found an answer to the problems of aging. His solution is a herbal medicine to slow the process of aging. Dr. Shen Ziyin has been trained in Western medicine. At the same time he studied traditional Chinese medicine. And, he has been working for the past forty years to put together the best of both and find a cure for aging. He has taken a hint from the ancient Chinese medicine system called “shen”. According to Shen, it is the kidney （肾脏） which adjusts the functioning of the body as well as its aging process. It is responsible for the level of activity that the human bodies go through. Studies conducted by Dr. Shen show that herbal medicine based on the shen system slow the aging process, says a report in The Telegraph newspaper. We notice that when people grow old, they have reduced strength, loss of hair, backache, weakness in general, and wrinkles, among others. This happens because when people grow old, their bodies produce T-cells. These T-cells contain a particular substance called Fas. Fas makes the cells in the body destruct themselves. So the only way to slow down aging is to slow the production of T-cells in the body. This can happen if people eat low calorie food. Then the body is not active enough to produce extra T-cells. But, is going hungry all the time a good price to pay for staying young? This is where Dr. Shen’s herbal medicine comes in. But how effective it will be, only time can tell. 46. How did Dr. Shen find the solution to the problem of aging? A. By studying Western medicine. B. By learning traditional Chinese medicine. C. By combining both Western and Chinese medicine. D. By doing research on both Western and Chinese people. 47. What plays the most important role in keeping people young according to Shen? A. Medical treatment. B. People’s good kidney. C. Level of people’s activity. D. Positive life attitude. 48. The reason why people become old is that _________. A. their bodies produce T-cells B. their bodies are unable to fight diseases C. they have reduced strength, loss of hair D. they become weaker and weaker 49. We can probably learn from the passage that _________.
A. producing more low calorie food allows people to keep young B. the more Chinese herbal medicine people drink, the better for health C. people should try to quicken the production of T-cells in the body D. it remains unknown how effective Dr. Shen’s herbal medicine is C I lost my sight when I was four years old by falling off a box car in a freight yard in Atlantic City and landing on my head. Now I am thirty two. I can slightly remember the brightness of sunshine and what color red is. It would be wonderful to see again, but a calamity(灾难) can do strange things to people. It occurred to me the other day that I might not have come to love life as I do if I hadn't been blind. I believe in life now. I am not so sure that I would have believed in it so deeply, otherwise. I don't mean that I would prefer to go without my eyes. I simply mean that the loss of them made me appreciate the more what I had left. Life, I believe, asks a continuous series of adjustments to reality. The more readily a person is able to make these adjustments, the more meaningful his own private world becomes. The adjustment is never easy. I was totally confused and afraid. But I was lucky. My parents and my teachers saw something in me--a potential to live, you might call it--which I didn't see, and they made me want to fight it out with blindness. The hardest lesson I had to learn was to believe in myself. That was basic. If I hadn't been able to do that, I would have collapsed and become a chair rocker on the front porch for the rest of my life. When I say belief in myself I am not talking about simply the kind of self confidence that helps me down an unfamiliar staircase alone. That is part of it. But I mean something bigger than that: an assurance that I am, despite imperfections, a real, positive person; that somewhere in the sweeping, intricate（错综复杂的） pattern of people there is a special place where I can make myself fit. It took me years to discover and strengthen this assurance. It had to start with the simplest things. Once a man gave me an indoor baseball. I thought he was making fun of me and I was hurt. "I can't use this." I said. "Take it with you," he urged me, "and roll it around." The words stuck in my head. "Roll it around! "By rolling the ball I could hear where it went. This gave me an idea how to achieve a goal I had thought impossible: playing baseball. At Philadelphia's Overbrook School for the Blind I invented a successful variation of baseball. We called it ground ball. All my life I have set ahead of me a series of goals and then tried to reach them, one at a time. I had to learn my limitations. It was no good trying for something that I knew at the start was wildly out of reach because that only invited the bitterness of failure. I would fail sometimes anyway but on the average I made progress. 50.We can learn from the beginning of the passage that _______ A. the author lost his sight because of a car crash. B. the author wouldn't love life if the disaster didn't happen. C. the disaster made the author appreciate what he had. D. the disaster strengthened the author's desire to see. 51.What's the most difficult thing for the author? A. How to adjust himself to reality. B. Building up assurance that he can find his place in life. C. Learning to manage his life alone. D. How to invent a successful variation of baseball. 52. According to the context, “a chair rocker on the front porch” in paragraph 3 means that the author __________ Ks5u A. would sit in a rocking chair and enjoy his life. B. would be unable to move and stay in a rocking chair. C. would lose his will to struggle against difficulties. D. would sit in a chair and stay at home. 53.According to the passage, the baseball and encouragement offered by the man _____
A. hurt the author's feeling. B. gave the author a deep impression. C. directly led to the invention of ground ball. D. inspired the author. 54．What is the best title for the passage? A. A Miserable Life B. Struggle Against Difficulties C. A Disaster Makes a Strong Person D. An Unforgettable Experience D As Rosalie Warren stood at the mailbox in the lobby of her apartment building in May 1980, she shared the anxiety of many other college seniors. In her hand was an envelope containing her final grades. As she nervously opened it, Warren wondered whether her hundreds of hours of studying had paid off. They had. “I got five ‘A’s,” she still recalls with elation. “I almost fell on the floor!” Warren would graduate from Suffolk University with a bachelor of science degree in philosophy and history at age 80.Three years later, at age 83, she would receive her second degree from Suffolk, a master’s in education. Now, with both diplomas proudly displayed in her apartment, Warren is not finished with learning. Now 93,she continues for her 18th year at Suffolk under a program that allows persons 65 and over to attend classes tuition free. “It’s my life to go to school, to enjoy being in an academic atmosphere,” she says. “That’s what I love.” Warren was born Rosalie Levey on Aug.29, 1900. Two years after she entered high school, her father died. Warren had to leave school for factory work to help support her family’s 10 children. Warren describes herself as a “person who always liked school,” and she says the move “broke my heart completely because I couldn’t finish high school.” In the end, however, “I went to school nights,” she recalls. “Any place I could find an outlet of learning and teaching, I was there.” A short time later, her mother became ill, and Warren had to care for her, once again putting her education on hold. Finally, in 1921, her mother, now recovered, drew from her saving to send Warren to Boston University for two years to study typing, stenography, and office procedures. Those courses helped Warren gain several long-term office positions over the next 60 years, but her great desire “to be in the academic field” continued. In 1924, she married Eugene Warren, and seven years later, her daughter, Corinne, was born. In 1955, by then a widow and a grandmother, Warren took a bus tour across the United States that was to last nine months. She said she wanted to see “things you never see in the West End.” When she returned home, she took a bookkeeping position and also enrolled in courses in philosophy, sociology and Chinese history. In 1975, when she was 75, Warren learned from a neighbor about Suffolk University’s tuitionfree program for senior citizens.” I was at the registrar’s office the very next day,” she recalls. At first, she took one or two courses at a time, but encouraged by her professors, she enrolled as a degree candidate. “I had not studied for so many years,” she says, “but I was determined.” For the next four years, Warren, who calls herself a “student of philosophy,” worked toward her degree. Nancy Stoll, dean of students at Suffolk, says Warren is “an interesting role model for our younger students---that learning is a lifetime activity….She is genuinely enthusiastic about being here, and that permeates (散发) her activities and is contagious (传染的) to students and faculty.” 55. What does the word elation mean in the sentence “I got fives ‘A’s”, she still recalls with elation”? A. Great happiness B. Great surprise C. Great pride D. Great honor 56. How old was Warren when she got her first college degree? A. She was 79 B. She was 23 C. She was 80 D. She was 75 57. What kind of work did she do for 60 years?
A. Studying B. Factory work C. Typing D. Office work 58. Which statement can be inferred from the underlined sentences? A. Because Warren needn’t pay her tuition, she went to study at Suffolk University B. At first Warren had to pay for her courses at Suffolk University C. Most of the students at Suffolk University are older than 65 D. Suffolk University encourages older people to take courses 59. It can be inferred from this passage that Rosalie Warren _______. A. came from a wealthy family B. didn’t like working in an office C. put her family before her education D. didn’t like her family very much 60. What is the main topic of this passage? A. Rosalie Warren’s family B. Rosalie Warren’s life C. Rosalie Warren’s education D. Rosalie Warren’s studying at Suffolk University Ks5u 第二节：下面文章中有5处（第61—65题）需要添加小标题。请从以下选项（A、B、C、D、 E和F）中选出最符合各段意思的小标题。选项中有一项是多余选项。 A. How inner beliefs can help B. How to develop positive habits C. Improve your life D. You can do it E. Action plan F. Why are habits so important The single most important factor that contributes to success is what you do every single day. It is as simple as that. Your habits will determine whether you are successful or not. If you have strong and healthy positive habits, it does not matter whether or not you fail today because you are guaranteed to succeed in the long run. 61. Because you repeat the same actions and the same behaviors every single day, a single positive action will not change your life, but the same action repeated 1,000 times will have a significant impact on your life. For example, if you go to the gym one time, you won’t see a big difference in your life. However, if you go to the gym 1,000 times over a five year period, you will see a big difference in your body. The same principle applies to finance, health, relationships, work, career, and school. Simple positive actions repeated every single day will have a great impact on your life in the long run. 62. There’s nothing easier than developing positive habits. You simply have to do every single day the action you want to make a habit. If you want to develop the habit of running, run almost every day. If you want to develop the habit of eating healthy, eat healthy every day. If you want to develop the habit of reading, read every day. Habits are created by repetition. The more you do an action, the easier it becomes in the long run. 63. If you want to be successful in changing your habits, you should think about changing your inner beliefs about your habits. For example, your old belief was: “I love cigarette because it makes me feel good and relaxed. I need cigarette to be happy and relaxed.” If you keep this belief, you won’t be able to keep your resolution to stop smoking for very long. Instead, you should adopt this new belief: “I love yoga because it makes me feel good and relaxed. Cigarette is poisonous and destroys my body. Yoga makes me happy.” You should analyze your beliefs and make sure they won’t stop you from changing your habits. The same is true when you try to form positive habits. If you want to start eating healthy food, here are some positive beliefs you should start thinking about: “Healthy food is very good for my health. It gives me a lot of energy and I feel very good.” 64. Ks5u
It’s now time for you to develop positive habits in your life and avoid your negative habits. Write down 3 positive habits that you would like to develop and 3 negative habits that you would like to get rid of. For each positive habit, write down exactly what actions you’re going to take every single day in order to develop the new habit. For each negative habit, write down exactly what actions you’re not going to take in the next weeks. Here are some positive habits that will lead to success: exercise, healthy food, reading, saving, studying, healthy relationships, hard work, etc.. Here are some negative habits to get rid of: gambling, drug and alcohol abuse, overeating, shyness, etc.. 65. Everybody can change. All it takes is courage and commitment. Decide right now to improve your life by changing your habits. Take action right now! Don’t be afraid. Yes, you will probably make mistakes along the way. But never forget that success is guaranteed for you if you have positive habits in your life. If you refuse to quit, success will be yours.
第三部分：写作（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节：短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号（∧） ，并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意： 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者(从 11 处起) 不计分。 例如： It was very nice to get your invitation to spend ∧ weekend with you. Luckily the I was completely free then, so I’ll to say “yes”. I’ll arrive in Bristol at around 8 p.m. in Friday evening. on Dear Susan, I'm very gladly to hear you are coming to visit me the next Friday. Unfortunate, I won't be able to meet you at the airport although I have classes in the afternoon. You won't find difficult to get to the city center. The airport bus leaves every 30 minute and will take you rightly to the Friendship Hotel. My classes will be over by then or I will pick you up there. I will take you to a hot pot restaurant for dinner and we'll talk with our plan for the weekend over dinner. Having a pleasant trip and see you Friday. Yours, Zhang Ming 第二节：书面表达（满分30分）
近年来发生在校园的意外事件不断增加，校园安全问题备受关注，请用英语写 一篇关于校园安全的文章，字数在 100-120 之间，文章应包括以下内容： 1．阐述目前校园里出现的一种问题 2．对此我们应该采取哪些措施Ks5u
3．对校园安全的展望 注意：文章的第一句已给出（不计词数） 。 Campus Security Security issue has always been one of our main concerns, and when it comes to the campus security,
嘉兴一中 2013 学年第一学期学科测试
第一部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分30分） 第一节：单项填空（共20小题；每小题0.5分，满分10分） 1---5 CADCD 6--10 BABCB 11--15 DBAAD 16--20 BDACA 第二节： 完形填空（共20小题；每小题1分， 满分20分） 21-25 CBAAB 26-30 DACAB 31-35 ABBDB 36-40 CACDB 第二部分：阅读理解（第一节20小题，第二节5小题；每小题2分，满分50分） 第一节：阅读（共20小题；每小题2分，满分40分） 41-45 CDBCA 46-49 CBAD 50-54 CBCDC 55-60 ACDDCC 第二节：任务型阅读 FBAED Ks5u 61-65 Dear Susan, I'm very gladly to hear you are coming to visit me the next Friday. Unfortunate, I won't be able Glad Unfortunately
to meet you at the airport although I have classes in the afternoon. You won't find∧difficult to get because/as it to the city center. The airport bus leaves every 30 minute and will take you rightly to the minutes right Friendship Hotel. My classes will be over by then or I will pick you up there. I will take you and to a hot pot restaurant for dinner and we'll talk with our plan for the weekend over dinner. about Having a pleasant trip and see you Friday. Have Yours, Zhang Ming 第二节（30 分） One possible student version: Campus Security Security issue has always been one of our main concerns, and when it comes to the campus security, we have to take it more seriously. Nearly every day, there are reports to the security office on campus that valuable things are stolen. A surrounding with stealing can’t be worse for studying. In such cases, what measures should be taken to improve the campus security? On the one hand, we students should strengthen our security awareness. Once we find something unusual, we should report it to the campus guard immediately. On the other hand, more equipment such as monitors should be installed on campus so as to detect crimes as soon as possible. Besides, a proper number of security guards should be arranged to walk around the campus. In my opinion, campus security will be improved as long as we work together and schools will try their best to make everyone on campus safe and sound.
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