当前位置:首页 >> 其它课程 >> education paper

education paper


Content:
1. Introduction .......... .................................................................................... 2 1.1. Background ...............................................

........................................ 2 1.2. Objectives............................................................................................2 1.3. Scope...................................................................................................3

2.Procedure ........................................................................................................3

3.Objective .........................................................................................................4

3.1Compare the education in some different countries and find the main feature of each of these countries . .....................................................................................4

3.2Research how much do the governments and students spending in education and the quality of education in some countries .........................................................6 3.3Compare and research the society satisfaction and employment rate of the graduates of university in different countries and get result

4.Conclusion.....................................................................................................10

5.Self-evaluation...............................................................................................11

6.References.....................................................................................................12

7.Appendix ......................................................................................................13

1

1.Introduction

1.1.

Background

Nowadays , the education is a big problem in the world . Because of the government support ,the openness of information and the development of society . There are billions of students in the world and the number of that is increasing , but most of students don’t really know much about the significance of education and how to join the society . Some graduates do not have good reputation of many field in society . For this reason , some students worry about the education of what them get are useless . Because of these , the revolution of education is necessary and upcoming, that is the background of the education at present . The PISA (Program for International Student Assessment ) be created for compare the academic grade of students in different city , and the JA ( Junior Achievement ) be created for train the moral character of students . In China , educationists have found the some problem of graduates and try to change it , but not only the education in china have problem , but also all of the countries are actually have the same problem .

2

1.2.

Objectives
The first objective of this report is to compare different countries education

systems and find the main features in these countries , their strength and weaknesses about different education systems in different type will be list in this report . The second objective is to research how much do the governments and students spending in education and the quality of education in some countries . In this part , the report will employ a lot of examples , some speech and many charts . The third objective is to compare the society satisfaction and employment rate of the graduates of university in different countries .

1.3

Scope
This report explores different education system and the problem of graduates

in many different countries . But the education in America and China will be emphasis , the report will not have too many information in another country .Also it covers sociology , PISA , pedagogy sociology . The report includes a brief type of education system in many different countries like America , China and Finland . Nevertheless this essay will not specifically find all of the country about the education of them , we just find some representatives and some characteristic education system . Also it will not have too much deeply research about sociology , pedagogy and psychology . All information just be used to analyze the topic . And this report will use many multimedia like charts and picture about the objective to make it more clear and believable .

3

2.Procedure
Total seventeen resources were referenced in my report. These included five primary resources, books and major website like PISA, and five secondary resources, newspaper articles and editorials ,and some website like Wikipedia and two tertiary resources , sociology textbook and psychology textbook .which were collected

throughout the research for the topic , which information about the report . These resources were chosen firstly in their reliability , most of them published by standard , famous publishing company or some globally website like PISA . Secondly for newspaper articles and editorials ,and some website like Wikipedia and two tertiary resources , sociology textbook and psychology textbook .

It is necessary to adopt different idea in different way and conclude and summary to keep it’s veracity . The report can not just adopt one of the ideas . The report must get different idea and compare finally give the best answer about the topic . The report totally have fourteen page , it will compare the spending of education in different country , ,the gross of spending of education not always can confirm the quality of the type of education , but it can be an important reference . The report will also show the effect of modern education , it will refer some social evaluations and company evaluations to grade the quality of graduates . The report will try to avoid the evaluations with prejudice or parochial to keep the validity of the research .

4

3. Objective

3.1 Objective 1

compare the education systems in different countries

and find the main features in each country
? Education of America At the end of the 19 century , America create one system of education . The unitary school system .( the development of education of America , 1987 ) Most students (unless they drop out ) study in the same type of school , until 12 years later graduate from high school . In theory , every senior high school ready to go to university of college . Every one can go to get tertiary education ( the democracy of education in America , 2012 ) Not all of the secondary curriculum can get ready for student go to university . Even so , school in America did very good in their school system , some students who are didn’t get Matrikulasi( the lesson before go to college ) also are qualified to study in some college with specialty in introductory courses .(the system of education , 2002)

?

Education in Germany There are three types of schools in Germany , grammar school , technical

school and vocational school . This system strive to cultivate talented students and select students who are feasible to be senior mechanic country , 2012) A special system of apprenticeship called Duale Ausbildung allows pupils on vocational courses to do in-service training in a company as well as at a state school.(Education , Reflection Our Society , 2002)
5

( education in different

?

The situation of the education in France In France , science and technology college have a higher status . Students

know , they need to pay attention to face to a difficult unified examination .the education of technology is decline . The government the college and set a clear goal . France universities have also adopted the ECTS credit system (for example, a licence is worth 180 credits). However the traditional curriculum based on end of semester examinations still remains in place in most universities. This double standard has added complexity to a system which also remains quite rigid. It is difficult to change a major during undergraduate studies without losing a semester or even a whole year. Students usually also have few course selection options once they enroll in a particular diploma.( Education in France , 2002) want change that by scaling up

?

Education in Britain The lesson in Britain is unified , and the examination also is unified , too .

The parents can select school which school to their children favorite . Exam results are open , and schools also have complete ,the have ranking. Then the parents know how to select school for their children .( the education of Britain , 2002) Traditionally a high-performing country in international rankings of education, the UK has stagnated in recent years in such rankings as the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) tests; in 2013 for reading and maths the country as a whole stood in the middle-rankings, a position broadly similar to three years before. Within the UK Scotland performed marginally better than England; both were slightly ahead of Northern Ireland and markedly ahead of Wales.(’PISA’.2014 )

6

However these results contradict those of the education and publishing firm Pearson published, which placed the UK in second place across European countries and sixth worldwide; these rankings took account of higher-education graduate rates, which may have accounted for the higher ranking than in PISA. ( Education in the United Kingdom , 2002 . Further Education in Scotland ,1994 )

?

Education in China In China, the education is divided into three categories: basic education, higher

education, and adult education. The Compulsory Education Law of guarantee that every children will have nine years of formal education.(figure 3)(Price , 2005) The higher education sector has growth as well. China is seeking to improve the quality of education through a major effort at curriculum reform . China has increased the proportion of its college-age population in higher education to over 20 percent now from 1.4 percent in 1978 .(Education in Modern China,2005) China has a consistent teacher development system. Teaching has historically been and remains today a highly respected profession in China . Teacher have strong preparation in their subject matter and respected teachers spend a great deal of time observing the classrooms of experienced teachers , often in schools attached to their universities . Once teachers are employed in school , there is a system of induction and continuous professional development in which groups of teacher work together with master teachers on lesson plans and improvement.(Education and reform in China,2005)

3.2 Objective 2 education ?

the relationship between spending of education and the quality of

Educational spending(figure 1)

7

Teachers in New York were among the best-paid in the nation. The state spent $8,312 (52365 yuan)per pupil on teacher salaries and wages, and $4,233(26604 yuan) on teachers' benefits, both the most nationwide. In total, New York spent $13,582(85566 yuan) per student on instruction, more than double the national average, and more than any other state. Taxes also tend to be quite high in New York. The state and local tax burden was nearly 13% of per student income in 2011, the most in the nation according to the Tax Foundation. Despite having wealthy residents and the nation's highest per student spending, just over 85% of adult residents had at least a high school diploma, less than the national rate of 86.4%. ( spending in education , 2012) For the third year, public expenditure per student fell nationwide, according a recent release from the U.S. Census Bureau. Per pupil, school spending totaled $10,608( 85566 yuan)in 2012, roughly the same amount as the year before. Due to a number of factors, however, spending per student ranged widely among the 50 states. New York was the nation's top spender, at $19,552(123177 yuan) per pupil. Utah, on the other hand, spent just $6,206(39097 yuan) for every student. Based on the U.S. Census Bureau's latest release on education spending, 24/7 Wall St. reviewed the states that spent the most and least on education per student. (States spending , 2012) UK –wide data do not enable a consistent comparison over time showing which components of education benefited most from extra spending. For England the question can be partly answered by analysis of data from the Department for Education, which breaks down spending by tier for the period up to 2009. These are shown in Table 1 and summarised in Figure 2. According to these data, total education spending in England was up 82 per cent in real terms (2009/10 prices).The biggest increase was for secondary education, which grew from around ? 10 billion per year to ? 18 billion in real terms, a 75 per cent rise. Primary school spending rose 56 per cent and higher education spending 38 per cent. Further education spending also shows a large rise in this table. However, because of uncertainty over the

8

classification of expenditure categories over time we do not include this in Figure 2. (Spending on different aspects of education ,2012)

3.3 objective 3 ?

which countries are the best choose to the different types of students

Tuition of study abroad in different countries Tuition in America American universities tuition standard have a big difference , each state have a

private university and a lot of public universities , there are a lot of famous and good university or college in America . Tuition is about $17000(107100 yuan) $24000(151200 yuan) in private university of undergraduate course each year , some good private university need more than $30000(180000 yuan) . Charge of tuition in American public schools generally lower than that of private universities , tuition is about $9000(54000 yuan) - $14000(84000 yuan) a year in these school .(Anon ,Figure 6.2 Average tuition fees(1)) Tuition in Britain British undergraduate education system is generally in three years, for international students, the tuition is roughly 100 - 150 thousand yuan. The cost of University, different professional students choose different lesson . In common , the liberal arts courses are cheaper than science courses . Because of they don’t need to use laboratories, studios and art studio . ( study abroad , 2002) Tuition in Canada All of the University in Canada is public , so the government approved price, and tuition . Tuition standard is the main basis for the schools of the urban land, labor and price level deep in the school size, facilities and other operating costs, specific

9

professional teaching need additional cost . And the number of students are also the one of the point to decide the tuition . ( education in Canada , 2012) Tuition in Australia

If student want study undergraduate courses in Australia , the tuition of that are 13000-23000 Australian dollars, equivalent to about 80000 -140000 yuan . If

students want study undergraduate courses , they will spend about 450000 -630000 in three years and spend 600000 -840000 yuan in four years .( Anon , Tuition fee cost in international comparison) ?

Summary
The Shanghai Foreign Language University experts pointed out that go to

United States for study will with the highest costs, then is Britain , all of countries which are ranked in the top four countries are developed countries , and have high levels of economic and consumption are very high . ( study abroad , 2014 )

4.Conclusion

Education is about teaching and learning skills and knowledge. Education also means helping people to learn how to do things and encouraging them to think about what they learn. It is also important for educators to teach ways to find and use information . Through education, the knowledge of society, country, and of the world is passed on from generation to generation. In democracies, through education, children and adults are supposed to learn how to be active and
10

effective citizens.More specific, education helps and guide individuals to transform from one class to other. Empowered individuals, societies, countries by education are taking edge over individuals stand on bottom pyramid of growth.This report research many different types of education in different countries . another to get the education suited to them . I hope this report will help

5. Self - evaluation
I use a long time to go to library to read a lot of book about my research . The process was hard and hinder , but finally I finish it . Maybe this report is not good . But I study a lot in the process and get much new knowledge . First I had a lot of problem like don’t know what did I need to do , but Jason help me and give me some expensive suggestion , I need say thanks to him . I read many books and take note from them and do many research . In this time , I study a lot knowledge . I am happy to see their are many people take care of education and write book for that . This report reference many sentence from them . I need to express my thanks to the author of the books and articles . They make me study a lot and can finish this report . This report still have many defect and shortage , but I trust they will be finish by my hands . I am glad to do this project and I hope it can really help another student who will study abroad . It makes me get truly happy .

11

6 . Reference
Hunt, H.E., Colander, K.D., Min , K., Xiaolei , L.and Yaqi , P. She hui ke xue dao lun.2012.Print Library of Congress,Country Profile: Germany,12-04 U.S.Country Profile: Germany . December 2005. Retrieved 2006, Bloom , Allan D., New York : Simon and Schuster , The Closing of the America

Education Has Faild Democray and Impoverished Souls of Today ‘s Students .1987.Print Cookson , Peter W ., and Kristina Berger , Cambridge , MA: Westview Press , Expected Miracles : Character Schools and the Politics of Hope and Despair .2002.Print Gearon, Liam David Fulton Publishers Ltd.Education in the United Kingdom.2002.Print Giuliano , Gina , Detroit , MI : Gale Group , . Education , Reflection Our Society .2002.print Mei Guo Xue Xiao. Bei jing : Ren ming jiao yu chu ban she ,2010. Print Lewis , H.D. French Education System . New York : St.Martin’s Press,1985.Print Yaxley ,Michael.Education(Discovering Germany). Chambers Harrap Publishers , 1979 . Print Further Education in Scotland.Edinburgh: Stationery Office Books,1994,Print. Joseph katz.Education in Canada . Hamden,CT:David&Charles,1974.Print Price,R.F.Education in Modern China. Routledge,2005.Print .

12

Peterson’s,and PETERSON S.Study Abroad 2002 (Study Abroad,2001).United States ,U.S,2001.Print ’PISA’.(2014):n.pag.Web. Anon , 2007.Education and reform in China Anon , Figure 6.2 Average tuition fees(1) Anon , Tuition fee cost in international comparison

6.Appendix :
Figure 1: International Comparison of Expenditure at Primary level per pupil 1999 and 2009

Figure 2:International Comparison of Expenditure at Secondary Level per pupil 1999 and 2009

13

Source for Figure 1 and 2 : Eurostat. Austria excluded as no data for later period. Data for 2009 is latest supplied by country: 2008 for Germany, 2005 for Greece, 2007 for Luxembourg

Figure 3( nine years formal education )

Source for Figure 3 :Copyright 1995 - 2009 . All rights reserved. The content (including but not limited
to text, photo, multimedia information, etc) published in this site belongs to China Daily Information Co (CDIC)

14


更多相关文档:

education paper

education paper_其它课程_高中教育_教育专区。高中毕业论文 Content: 1. ...education in some different countries and find the main feature of each of...

北邮英语统考题库

More and more paper is being consumed nowadays. B. Paper enables people to receive education more easily. C. The invention of paper is of great ...

education essay

education essay_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。Education is not a luxury, but basic human right and as such should be free for everyone irrespective of ...

Education

The topic was chosen to learn more about compulsory education law and how this low changed the lives of Chinese people. This paper will examine Chinese ...

EDUCATION

paper; (研)thesis; (博)dissertation 实习 internship; field work 毕业典礼 graduation ceremony; commencement 毕业证书 certificate 高等教育 higher education 高等...

education

较新一篇 / 较旧一篇 分享 周学习内容: 第 12 周学习内容:Education 2011-... produce a long research paper which makes an original contribution to his ...

American education

the most profound factor that affects the education is the ideas of education, which is not only the things written on books or papers, but also ...

Higher Education 关于高等教育的看法

Higher Education 关于高等教育的看法_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。Higher ...a paper written by Alexandra Smith mentioned that traditional arts degrees ...

education

education_高三英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。新题型(二) :On the way ... he could transfer Johnson’s __________(personal) to paper and ...

1.精读(education)+ 听力技能:把握细节 + 语法(时态总复习)+ 特色专栏

paper", my whole is a place where there is a lot of water. I am ...Education stages of education: 2 types of schools: : public school /state...
更多相关标签:
education | education是什么版本 | secondary education | windows 10 education | tertiary education | higher education | education pays | xp education |
网站地图

文档资料共享网 nexoncn.com copyright ©right 2010-2020。
文档资料共享网内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。email:zhit325@126.com