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2012届高考英语第一轮复习 Unit13 People课件 北师大版必修5




deserve 1. __________ vt. 应得,值得 upset 2. __________ adj.不安的,不快的
3. __________ adj.感激的,感谢的 grateful
4. __________ vt.

预言,预测 predict

5. __________ adv.如此,因此 thus
6. __________ n.收获 harvest

sharp 7. __________ adj. 锐利的;锋利的
8. ________________ n.缺点,短处 shortcoming

9. __________ n.眼泪 tear

10. __________ vt.评判 judge
11. __________ v.证实 verify

12. __________ n.档案,文件 file
13. __________ adv.永远 forever 14. __________ vi.怒视,瞪 glare 15. __________ adj.整洁 neat 16. __________ n.账目;账户 account

accuse 17. __________ vt. 控告,谴责
18. __________ adv.部分时间地 parttime

19. _____________ n.同伴 companion

部分 20. embassy__________ 21. section__________ 大使馆

22. butcher __________ 23. aboard__________ 在(上)船上 屠夫,肉商 24. damp __________ 25. poet __________ 潮湿的 诗人

26. tutor 家庭教师,导师 27. astronomy__________ _____________ 宇航员 遮蔽,庇护 28. shelter __________ 29. glance _________ 瞥一眼
30. allergic__________ 过敏的 32. sigh__________ 叹息,叹气
大厦;街区 34. block___________

31. alike__________ 相像的 33. chew __________ 咀嚼 35. uniform __________ 制服

36. button __________ 纽扣

词类转换 1. express (vt.) ______________ (n.) 表情;表达能力 类似: expression connect_______________ (n.) 联系,连接 connection 2. accurate (adj.) _____________ (n.)精确,准确 accuracy 类似:

Emergent ______________(n.)紧急情况 emergency
3. Conduct (vt.) ______________ (n.) 指挥;售票员 类似: conductor translate_______________ (n.) 翻译员 translator

4. possible (adj.) _______________ (n.) 可能性 possibility
disable______________ (n.) 残疾;无能力 disability 5. guilt (n.) ______________ (adj.)有罪的 guilty

类似: 类似:

salt_______________ (adj.) 含盐的,咸的 salty
6. anxious (adj.) ______________ (n.) 忧虑,担心 anxiety various________________ (n.)种类;变种 variety

7. relief (n.)_____________ (vi.)减轻;释放 relieve

类似: 类似:

belief______________ (vt.)相信 believe
8. Break (vt.) ____________ (adj.)破的,断的 broken mistake______________ (adj.)错误的 mistaken

9. kind (adj)_____________ (n.)和善,亲切 kindness
ill_______________ (n.) 疾病 illness 10. fail (vi.) ________________ (n.) 失败 failure press _______________ (n.) 压力 pressure 11. require (vt) requirement ________________ (n.)要求 excite_______________ (n.) 兴奋 excitement 12. assist (vt)____________ (n.)助手,助理 assistant inhabit_______________ (n.) 居民 inhabitant


类似: 类似: 类似:

independence 13. Independent (adj) _____________(n.)独立 difference 类似:different______________ (n.) 不同
faulty 14. Fault (n) ________(adj.)错误的,有缺点的 类似:wind_______ (n.) 有风的 windy

1. ________________就…来说,从某个角度看 in terms of on one’s own 2. ________________单独地,独自地 3. _____________________愿意做某事 be willing to do sth 4. ___________________参与,与??有关联 be involved in compared with/to 5. ___________________与??比较 6. ___________________指控某人某事 accuse sb of sth 7. ___________________怒视 glare at 8. ___________________禁不住做某事 can’t help doing to be honest 9. ___________________诚实的说 10. ___________________由于 thanks to be popular with 11. ___________________受某人欢迎的 12. ___________________致力于, 献身于 be devoted to 13. ___________________责备某人 tell sb off fall behind 14. ___________________落后,掉队 more and more 15.____________________ 越来 16.____________________迷路 lose one’s way

复习 17.__________ do some revision 除了 18.__________except for 19._______________________ end up 结果为,以??结束 20.- 也 __________ as well 21.____________________ lead a happy life 过着幸福生活 最后的底线 22.__________________ the last straw 劝服某人做某事 23.__________________ talk sb into doing sth 起草 24.__________ draw up 25.__________________ if anything 如果有什么不同的话 理解 26.__________ figure out 27.__________ in a hurry 匆忙地 对??过敏 28.__________________ be allergic to


核心单词 1. suggest vt. 建议;提出,表明,暗示 ※用法:后面接名词、代词或动名词作宾语,但不能接不定式, 不能说suggest sb to do sth。作“建议”解时,后面所接that从句 的谓语用“should+动词原形”,should可以省略;但作“表明, 暗示”解时,后面的that从句的谓语用陈述语气。 ■运用:用所给词的适当形式填空或完成下列句子。 (1)They suggested__________ (wait) until the proper time. waiting didn’t like (2)His cool response(反应) suggested that he _______________ (not like) the idea. (should) make (3)We suggested that she_________________ (make) a working plan. It has been suggested (4)____________________________(有人建议) that the meeting be put off till next week.

suggested to him (5)I _____________________(向他建议) that we should deal with the problem another way. suggest a way (6)Can you ______________ (提出一个办法) to do it? our going =that we (should) go (7)I suggest ________________________________ (建 议我们去)to the park on Sunday.

2. desire vt 渴望,期望,要求 ※用法:desire后面可接名词、代词、动词不定式以 及从句作宾语,也可接复合宾语(desire sb to do)。后接 从句时,从句谓语用“(should +) 动词原形”。 ■运用:用所给词的适当形式填空或完成下列句子。 to live (1)We always desire __________ (live) in peace with our neighbours. (2)The Queen desires that you ________________ (come) (should) come at once. us to leave= that we should leave (3)He desired _________________________________ (我们离开) soon. desire happiness (4)I_______________________ (渴望幸福).

3.accuse vt. 控告,谴责 ◆搭配:用介词填空。 of (1)accuse sb _____sth指控某人做某事 of (2)He was accused _____the robbery.有人指控他抢劫。 ★拓展:the accused被告 ■运用:用accuse 翻译句子。 (1)她控告他偷她的表。 ________________________________________ She accused him of stealing her watch. (2)他指责老板不守信。 _______________________________________________ He accused his boss of having broken his word.

4. deserve vt. 应受,值得,应该得到
※用法:其后多接不定式做宾语,偶尔可接-ing形式,此时用ing的主动形式表示被动意义。如: punishing ◇He deserved to be punished.=He deserved _____________. 他应受处罚。 ◇deserve a rest/break/holiday应该休息 ◇deserve consideration/attention值得考虑/关注 ★联想:need, require, want, be worth, deserve 后的动词-ing 形式必须用主动形式表被动意义。 ■运用:翻译下列句子。 (1)你很有能力,你应该找到更好的工作才是! deserve You're very able. You __________ a better job. (2)这本书值得一看。 deserves reading/is worth reading This book _____________________________________________.

5. tear n. 眼泪 v. 撕破 ■运用:根据汉语意思完成英文句子。 (1)听到那个消息,他突然哭起来。 He burst ___________ when he heard the bad news. into tears (2)他把那封信撕成了碎片。 She ________________________pieces. tore the letter into/to (3)这种布料很容易撕破。 This kind of cloth_______________. tears easily tore the notice down (4)他把布告撕了下来。He_______________________.

6. account n. 帐目,帐单,帐户;报告,描绘,叙述 ◇The accounts show a profit of 9000. 账目显示盈利9000 英镑。 ◇The policeman gave an account of the traffic accident. 警察叙述了交通事故的经过。 ★拓展:写出下列短语的汉语意思。 据说 (1)by all accounts _______(2)on account of _________ 因为,由于 (3)on no account ____________ 决不可以 (4)take …into account ____________ 考虑,顾及到 记账 (5)keep the accounts ____________ (6)have an account at/with that bank_________________ 在那个银行有账户 开户头 (7)open an account ____________ (8)draw money out of an account ______________ 在一帐户上取钱 解释,导致 (9)account for ____________

■运用:选用上述短语完成句子。 on account of (1)We delayed our departure _______________ the bad weather. take (2)When judging his performance, don't _______ his age into account ______________. On no account (3)________________ must you disturb me while I am studying. accounted for (4)Too much rain ________________the poor crop. (5)He could not _____________ his absence from school. account for

7. judge vi. 评判,判定,断定 n. 审判员,裁判员,鉴赏家

◆理解:说出下列各句的汉语意思。 你不能根据封面来评价一本书。 (1)You can't judge a book by its cover. (2)I judge him to be about 40. 我断定他有40来岁。 (3)She's a good judge of wine. 她是鉴别酒的专家。 ◆搭配:judging by/from 根据……判断 Judging from previous experience, he will be late.根据以往的经 验,他会迟到。 ※注意:judging from 用作独立结构,即不用考虑与逻辑主语 的一致性(即不用judged from),类似的还有generally speaking (一般说来), strictly speaking(严格说来)等。 ■运用:用judge的适当形式填空。 (1)The performance was good, when -___________(judge) by - judged their usual standards. Judging (2)______________(judge) from the truth, he is honest enough.

8. devote vt. 献身于,致力于
◆搭配:熟记下列固定结构。 (1)devote …to…把??用在/献给?? (2)devote oneself to…献身于/专心于/沉溺于/致力于?? (3)be devoted to…专心于/沉迷于/深爱/忠诚?? ※注意:to 是介词,后接名词、代词,或者doing。 ■运用:将下列句子译成汉语。 (1)He has devoted his whole life to benefiting mankind. 他把一生都献给了造福人类的事业。 (2)Please devote more time to your work 请把更多的时间用于工作。 (3)He devoted himself to helping the poor. 他致力于帮助穷人。 (4)She is devoted to her studies. 她专心于她的学习。 (5)She is devoted to her children. 她深爱她的孩子。 ★拓展:devoted adj.热爱的,忠实的,全心全意的 devotion n.奉献


1. end up (经过一个过程)以??结束/告终,最后(到达) ※用法:可直接接doing;接sth.或sb. doing”时,常用with;后接 表示职位的名词,表示“结果成为”时,后可用介词as。 ◆理解:说出下列各句的汉语意思。 (1)We talked so long, and I ended up missing the class. 我们谈了好久,结果把课都给误了。 (2)If he continues to steal, he'll end up in prison. 假如他继续行窃,最终肯定会锒铛入狱。 (3)It ended up with failure. 事情因失败而告终。 (4)It ended up with only three of us going to the activity. 后我们只有其中三个人参加那活动。 (5)He worked very hard and ended up as head of the firm.

(6)We set off for Newcastle but ended up in Scotland. 我们动身去纽卡斯尔,可后来却到了苏格兰。

★辨析:end up with sth/doing sth(经过一个过程)最终 达到某状态(尤指不尽人意的) end with (活动或情况)以……结束 ◎用end with, end up, end up with填空。 (1) You will __________ in debt if you keep on spending end up money like that. (2)The festival will __________ a fireworks show. end with (3) Anyone who swims in the river could end up with _____________ a nasty stomach upset.

2. in terms of 就??来说,从??上看,用??词句 ◇In terms of natural resources, it is one of the poorest countries in Western Europe.就自然资源来说,它是西欧最贫穷的国家之一。 ◇In terms of money, he's quite rich, but not in terms of happiness. 就钱来说他很富有,但就幸福来说就不然了。 ◇He often talks about his girlfriend in terms of love.他经常用充 满爱意的语言谈论他的女朋友。 ■运用:根据汉语意思完成下列英文句子。 (1)这本书获得了好评,但从实际销售情况来看,它并不太成功。 in terms of actual sales The book has been well received, but________________________ it hasn’t been very successful. (2)就经济力量说,它远远落后。 In terms of economic strength _______________________________________, she is far behind. ※说到钱财,她们很富有,但幸福就是另一回事了。 ★联想 come to terms with sth 就??达成一致意见

3. glare at 怒视(look at…in a angry way)
■运用:翻译下列句子。 The angry father glared at his son (1)愤怒的父亲瞪着儿子。 (2)他们站在那,互相怒视着对方。 glaring at each other They stood there, _________________________ ★辨析:glance at 一瞥,匆匆一看(give a quick, short look) stare at 盯着,凝视(因惊奇、害怕、生气等而睁大眼全神贯注于 某事) gaze at 注视(因欣赏或无意识地长时间注视) ◎用glare at, glance at , stare at ,gaze at 填空 glared at (1)The teacher ____________the boy when he found the boy was making noise. glanced at (2)She ______________him shyly from behind her fan. gazing at (3)She stood _____________ the beautiful scenery. stared at (4)He _____________me, trying to remember who I was.

4. except for 除了 He is a good man except for his hot temper.他是个好人,只是脾气 暴躁而已。 ◆辨析:except 是指从同类的人或物中除掉一个或一些,except for 指对一个事物的整体表达作部分修正或指所谈及的名词和除外 的名词不属于同类时。 They all went to sleep except the young Frenchman. 除了那位年轻 的法国人以外,他们全都去睡觉了。(the young Frenchman与They all都是人) Your composition is very good except for the spelling. 这篇文章除 了拼写以外,其他都不错。(the spelling与your composition不属同 类) ■:运用:用except, except for 填空。 (1)This is a good essay ____________the first paragraph. except for except (2)All the essays are very good ___________ yours and John’s. except for (3)The roads are deserted ____________a few cars. except for (4)The movie was good _____________the ending. except (5)Any time ____________Monday would be all right.

1.At work, it is IQ that gets you hired but it is EQ that gets you promoted. 在职场上,一个人的智商决定 了他能否被录用,而情商则决定了他能否得到提升。 结构分析: 整句是一个由“…but…”引导的并列句。 两个分句都含有强调结构: It is/was + 强调部分+ that/who+句子其他部分。该句的有用表达:get sb/sth done。 学以致用:用强调结构和get sb/done done翻译下列句 子。 父母生你养你,而在学校老师教育你。

It is parents who get you born and brought up while in school it is your teachers who get you instructed.

2. On the other hand, there is little doubt that people with low EQs often have problems getting on with other people and dealing with difficult situations; thus they have a harder time surviving in life。另一方面,毫无疑问的是低情商的人经常在与别人相处和处 理困难形势时有问题,因此会生活得比较艰难。 结构分析: 这是一个并列句,两个分句用分号隔开。第一个分句 包含句型There is no/little doubt that +从句 (毫无疑问……)和另一个 结构have problems doing sth。第二个分句thus意为因此,含有一个 句型have a hard time doing sth. 学以致用:There is no/little doubt that…, have problems doing sth, thus, have a hard time doing sth翻译下列句子。 毫无疑问,我们在一天内完成如此多的作业有些问题,因此会学 习得比较辛苦。

There is no doubt that we have some problems finishing so much homework in one day; thus we will have a hard time studying today.

3. I was getting more and more annoyed and of course, the more upset I got, the less I was able to concentrate.我 变得越来越心烦意乱,当然, 我的情绪越坏就越难集中 注意力。 结构分析: 这是一个and连接的并列句。前一分句中含 有表示“越来越……”的“比较级+ and +比较级”结构, 后一分句含有表示“越……就越……”的“the + 比较级, the + 比较级”句型。 学以致用:用“比较级+ and +比较级”和“the + 比 较级,the + 比较级”翻译下列句子。 她对考试变得越来越有耐心了。当然,她越细心,考 试成绩就越好。 She is getting more and more patient with the exams and of course, the more careful she is, the better results she will get.

一、单词拼写 根据句子意思,用本单元单词的适当形式填空。 part-time 1. She wants to work p____________ after she's had the baby. deserves 2. She ___________ (应得)a reward for her efforts. tears 3. The memory of his dead mother brought t__________ to his eyes. 4. The professor stands _____________________ of stealing his has been accused student's ideas and publishing them. 5. He didn't shout or swear, but just __________(怒视) silently at glared me. 6. She __________(一瞥) shyly at him and then lowered her eyes. glanced 7. The earthquake had been p___________ several months before. predicted 8. I am __________(感激的) to have you help me repair the house. grateful 9. The plane crashed, killing all 200 people a__________. aboard 10. You'll never see life if you stay at home__________(永远).


二、词形辨别 选择适当的词填空并翻译成汉语。 A 1. I decided to write a ______ about how I felt.(A. poem B. poet ) 2. It has taken two hours to load all the people B ______. (A. board B. aboard C. abroad) 3. He ______ with pleasure after the excellent meal.. B (A. signed B. sighed) A 4. He was still wearing his school ______ . (A. uniform B. inform) 5. My sister and I do not look ______ (A. like B. C likely C. alike) 6. She ______ a medal for teaching those 5-year-olds B all day!. (A. desires B. deserves)

三、词类转换 用所给词的适当形式填空。 relief 1. It was a great __________to find that my family was all safe. (relieve) satisfaction 2. He looked at his work with a smile of______________ (satisfy). 3. This country gained its ________________ in 1960. (depend) independence 4. Potatoes can provide one-third of our daily________________ of requirement vitamin C. (require) 5. I feel really __________at forgetting her birthday again. (guilt) guilty 6. It is impossible to say with any (degree of) ____________ how accuracy many are affected. (accurate) anxiety 7. Waiting for exam results is a time of great __________. (anxious) faulty 8. Ask for a refund if the goods are __________. (fault) emergency 9. This door should only be used in an ______________.(emergent) kindness 10. I can't thank you enough for your ______________.(kind)

四、词组填空 用本单元所学词组的适当形式填空或完成句子。 end up, in terms of , glare at, except for, talk into, tell sb off, be involved in, be devoted to, if anything, figure out end up 1. If he carries on driving like that, he'll __________ dead. 2. I'd say he was more like his father, __________________. if anything 3. I can't _____________why he quit his job. figure out told off 4. You'll get __________if you're caught doing that. 5. He talked his father _________ lending him the car. ________ into 6. The meal was excellent ____________the first course. except for was involved in 7. He _______________________ a heated argument. 8. The meeting will _________________ health and safety issues. be devoted to 9. They stopped arguing and _____________ each other. glared at 10. It's a mistake to think of Florida only _______________ its in terms of tourist attractions.

五、语法填空 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连 贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形 式填空。 (1) [1]______ results of studies such as these show that EQ is as The than important, if not more important [2]_______IQ. To get ahead in the successful world and lead a happy[3]_______________ (succeed) life means getting on with other people and [4]_______ (be) able to understand being in and react to situations[5]______ the best way possible. This requires a high EQ- the higher the better. And the fact that[6]______ might it be possible to raise EQs means that schools need to make sure [7]______ their students [8]_________________ (receive) the that are receiving education they really need, [9]__________know that their futures are and not entirely determined [10]___________ their IQs. by

(2) Because [1]__________ I left the library in such a hurry, I left my most important textbook [2]___________. It was only when I got home behind that two hours later [3]__________ I realized I’d forgotten it and there was nothing I could do as the library was closed. I was [4]_______ so upset that almost cried. Just then, the phone rang. I answered it and [5]____gentle voice introduced the speaker as Jenny and asked a confirming [6]______________ I was Jane. After[7]______________ (conform) if /whether that I was, Jenny said that she [8]______________ (notice) I’d left had noticed my book in the library and as my name was in it, she’d ask a [9]____________ (library) to get my phone number from their files. librarian She said that she didn’t live far away and could bring[10]________ it around for me if I needed it.

假定Mr White是你校的外教,教你的口语。下面是他 的一些基本情况,请用五句话描述你的老师。
APPEARANCE dark hair, brown eyes, tall, overweight
Mr White RELATIONSHIP Popular with students LIKES traveling playing football
CHARACTER patient, cheerful, helpful

DISLIKES watching TV salty food

结合本单元句型,并运用部分重要词组,如there is no doubt that, it is +强调部分+that/who+……;compared to, be involved in, be devoted to, if anything,等进行表达。

Compared to the other teachers, Mr White, my Oral English teacher, is tall and overweight with dark hair and brown eyes. There is no doubt that Mr White is very popular with students because he is very patient and cheerful and he is devoted to us the moment he came to our school. He likes traveling on holidays and he is often involved in playing football with his students in his spare time. He dislikes salty food and watching TV. If anything, it is news on TV that he watches occasionally.


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