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高考英语句型归类专题复习课件 2


? 句型1. ? It (so) happened(chanced) that +clause. = sb. happened /chanced to do sth. =sb.did sth. by chance. 如: ? It happened that he was out when I

got there. 当我到那儿时,碰巧他不在。=He happened to be out when I got there.= It chanced that he was out when I got there= He was out by chance when I got there.

? 句型2. ? It seems that sb. do/ be doing/ have done/ had done= Sb. seems to do/ to be doing/ to have done/to be done/to have been done(还有动词appear等可这样使用)如: ? It seemed that he had been to Beijing before.他好象以前去过北京。=He seemed to have been to Beijing before.

? 句型3. ? It is / was+被强调的部分+that(who)+剩 余的部分.如: ? It wasn't until he came back that I went to bed.直到他回来我才睡觉。(一定要注意被 强调句型中的谓语动词否定的转移)。 It was because he was ill that he didn't come to school today.只因为他有病了今天没有 来上学。(只能用because而不能用for, as 或since) ? It is I who am a student. 我确实是个学生。 (句中am不能用are来代替。)

? 句型4.

? It is high time (time/ about time)+ (that) 主语+ did / should do +其它。(从句中的谓 语动词用的是虚拟语气。)如: ? It is high time that we should go / went home.我们该回家了。

? 句型5. ? It is / was said ( reported, thought, believed, supposed …)+that+从句. 如: ? It was said that he had read this novel.据 说他读过这篇小说。=He was said to have read this novel. ? 句型6. ? It is impossible / necessary/ strange…that clause.(从句中的谓语用should+do / should have done,其形式是虚拟语气。) 如: ? It is strange that he should have failed in this exam.真奇怪,他这次考试没有及格。

? 句型7. ? It is + a pity/ a shame…that clause.(注意从句中 的谓语动词用should do或should have done的形 式,但should可以省略。)如: ? He didn't come back until the film ended. It was a pity that he should have missed this film. 他直 到电影结束才回来。他没有看到这部电影真可惜。 ? 句型8. ? It is suggested / ordered/ commanded /…that +clause.(从句的谓语动词用should do, 但should 可以省略。)如: ? It is suggested that the meeting should be put off. 有人建议推迟会议。

? 句型9. ? It is/was+表示地点的名词+where+从句。(注 意本句不是强调句型,而是以where引导的定语 从句。)如: ? It was this house where I was born.请比较:It was in this house that I was born.(后一句是强调 句型。) ? 句型10. ? It is / was +表示时间的名词+when+从句。(注 意本句型也不是强调句型,而是以when引导的定 语从句。)如: ? It was 1999 when he came back from the United States. 请比较:It was in 1999 that he came back from the United States.

? 句型9. ? It is/was+表示地点的名词+where+从句。(注 意本句不是强调句型,而是以where引导的定语 从句。)如: ? It was this house where I was born.请比较:It was in this house that I was born.(后一句是强调 句型。) ? 句型10. ? It is / was +表示时间的名词+when+从句。(注 意本句型也不是强调句型,而是以when引导的定 语从句。)如: ? It was 1999 when he came back from the United States. 请比较:It was in 1999 that he came back from the United States.

? 句型11. ? It is well-known that+从句。如: ? It is well-known that she is a learned woman.众 所周知,她是个知识渊博的妇女。 ? 句型12. ? It is +段时间+since+主语+did. 请比较: ? It was +段时间+since+主语+had done. 如: ? It is five years since he left here.他已经离开这儿 五年了。 ? It was five years since he left here.(同上) ? 注意下列句型的翻译:It is five years since he lived here.他从这儿搬走已经有五年了。

? 句型13. ? It +谓语+段时间+before+主语+谓语.( before引导的是 时间状语从句。) 如: ? It wasn't long before the people in that country rose up. 没有多久那个国家的人民就起义了。 ? It will be three hours before he comes back.三个小时之 后他才能回来。 ? 句型14. ? It is +形容词(possible, impossible, necessary等) +for+ sb.+ to do. 如: ? It is impossible for me to finish this work before tomorrow. 我明天之前完成此工作是不可能的。 ? 句型15. ? It is +(心理品质方面的)形容词+of + sb. +to do.= 主语 + be +形容词+to do.(常用的形容词有:kind, stupid; foolish, good, wise等。)如: ? It is kind of you to help me.=You are kind to help me.你 真好给我提供了帮助。

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二、定语从句: 句型16. 由as引导的非限定性的定语从句。如: As we have known, he is a most good student.众所周知,他是个很好的学生。请 比较:It is well-known that he is a most good student.(前一个是定语从句,而后 者是个主语从句。)

? 句型17. ? 由which引导的非限定性的定语从句。如: ? He is a professor, which I have been looking forward to becoming. 他是个教授,那是我一直盼 望的职业。(因为先行词professor是表示职业的 名词,因此引导词用which,而不用who。 ? 句型18. ? 由where, when引导的定语从句(其中包括限定 性的或非限定性的。)如: ? This is the house where I used to come.请比较: This is the house which / that I used to come to. ? This is the day when I joined the Party.请比较: This is the day which / that I joined the Party on. ? (说明:关于that与which之间的区别,请看关系 代词that和which的区别。)

? 三、让步状语从句 ? 句型19. ? No matter what / which / who / where / when / whose+从 句,+主句.(注意从句中的时态一般情况下用一般现在时 态。)如: ? No matter what you do, you must do it well.请比较: Whatever you do, you must do it well. 无论你做什么,一 定要做好。 ? No matter where you go, please let me know.请比较: Wherever you go, please let me know.你无论去哪儿,请 通知我。 ? (说明:这两种句型形式不同,而意义完全相同。) ? (注意:I will tell whoever would like to read it. 句中的 whoever不能用whomever来代替。因为它即作动词tell的 宾语,又作后面从句的主语。)

? 四、条件状语从句 ? 句型20. ? When / So long as / As long as / Once +从句,+主句。 (从句也可以放在主句之后。)如: ? As long as you give me any money, I will let you go.只要 你给我一些钱,我就让你走。 ? Once you have begun to learn English, you should learn it well. 一旦你开始学习英语,你应该把它学好。 ? 句型21. ? 主句+on condition that+从句.如: ? I will go with you on condition that you give me a sum of money.我和你一起去的条件是你给我一些钱。 ? 句型22. ? 主句+unless+从句.(注意:由于unless本身是否定词,所 引导的从句的谓语动词用肯定而不用否定。)如: ? I will go there tomorrow unless it rains.我明天去那儿除非 下雨。

? 句型23. ? 祈使句,+and/ and then+主句。(注意:祈使 句也可用一个名词短语。)如: ? Use your head, and you will find a good idea.动 脑筋想一想,你就会想出一个好主意。 ? Another word, and I will beat you.你再说一句, 我就揍你。 ? 句型24. ? If +necessary / impossible/ important等,+主 句.(注意:if与形容词之间的it is被省略。)如: ? If necessary, I will do it. 如果有必要的话,我来做 此事。

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五、原因状语从句 句型25. 主句+in case+从句.(in case表示以免)如: I will take my raincoat in case it rains.我要把雨衣 带上以免下雨。 ? 句型26. ? 主句+due to / because of / owning to / + the fact that +从句。如: ? He did not come to school because of the fact that he was ill.由于他有病了,所以没有来上学。

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六、时间状语从句 句型27. When / While / As +从句,+主句.如: When I was in the country, I used to carry some water for you.当我在农村时,我常常给你打水。 句型28. 主句+after / before +从句. 如: They hadn't been married four months before they were devoiced.他们结婚不到四个月就离婚了。 We went home after we had finished the work.我们做完 此工作就回家了。 句型29. 主语+肯定谓语+until+从句.请比较:主语+否定谓语+ until+从句.如: I worked until he came back.我一直工作到他回来。 I didn't worked until he came back.他回来我才开始工作。

? 句型30. ? As soon as / Immediately / Directly / Instantly / The moment / The instant / The minute +从句,+主句. 如: ? My father went out immediately I got home.我一到家,我 父亲就出去了。 ? 句型31. ? No sooner +had + 主语+done…than +主语+did. 请比较: 主语+had + no sooner +done…than +主语+did. 如: ? No sooner had I got to Beijing than I called you.我一到北 京就给你打电话了。请比较:I had no sooner got to Beijing than I called you. ? 句型32. ? Hardly/Scarcely/ Rarely +had +主语+done…when / before + 主语+did.请比较:主语+had +hardly/Scarcely/ Rarely + done…when / before +主语+did. ? Hardly had she had supper when she went out. 她一吃完 晚饭就出去了。请 ? 比较: She had hardly had supper when she went out.

? 句型33. ? By the time+从句,+主句.(注意时态的变化。) 如: ? By the time you came back, I had finished this book.到你回来时,我已经写完了这本书。 ? By the time you come back, I will have finished this book.到你回来时,我将写完这本书了。 ? 句型34. ? each / every time +从句,+主句. (这时相当于 whenever 或no matter when引导的从句。从句也 可放在主句之后。)如: ? Each time he comes to Harbin, he always drops in on me.每当他来哈尔滨,总是顺便来看看我。

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七、地点状语从句 句型35. Where +从句,+主句. 如: Where there is no rain, farming is difficult or impossible.哪里没有雨水,种庄稼是很 难的或者是不可能的。 ? 句型36、Anywhere / Wherever+从句,+ 主句. 如: ? Anywhere I go, my wife goes too.无论我去 哪儿,我的妻子也去哪儿。请比较: ? I will go wherever you suggest.你建议我去 哪儿,我就去哪儿。

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八、目的状语从句 句型37. 主句+in order that / so that +从句.如: I got up early in order that I could catch the first bus.我起得很早,以便能赶上早班车。 ? 句型38. ? 主句+for +sb. +to do.(注意动词不定式复 合结构在这儿作目的状语。)如: ? He came here for me to work out this problem.他来这儿叫我帮他解出这道难题。

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九、结果状语从句 句型39. 主句+so that+从句. 如: It was very cold, so that the river froze.天气很泠,因此河 水结冰了。 句型40. So+形容词/ 副词+特定动词(助动词或系动词)+主语+… +that+从句. So interesting is this book that I would like to read it again.这本书那么有趣,我想再读一遍。 句型41. 主语+谓语+such+名词+that+从句.如: He made such rapid progress that he was praised by the teacher.他进步很快,老师表扬了他

? 句型42. ? Such was + 主语+that +从句.(这是个完全 倒装句。)如: ? Such was the force of the explosion that all the windows were broken.爆炸力这么大, 所有的窗户都被震碎了。 ? 句型43. ? 主句+only +to do sth. (only和动词不定式 一起做结果状语)如: ? I woke up very late only to find that my wife had gone to work. 我醒得很晚,结果 发现我的妻子已经上班了。

? 十、比较状语从句 ? 句型44. ? The +形容词比较级……,(主句)the +形容词比较级 +……如: ? The sooner you do it, the better it will be.越早越好。 ? 句型45. ? 主语+谓语+as +形容词原级+as +被比较的对象. 如: ? He is as busy as a bee.他非常忙。 ? 句型46. ? 主语+谓语+the+形容词比较级+of / between … ? He is the taller of the two.他们俩人中他高。 ? 句型47. ? 主语+谓语+倍数+as+形容词原级+as+被比较的对象. 如: ? This room is three times as large as that one.这个房间是 那个房间的三倍大。(这个房间比那个房间大两倍。)

? 句型48. ? 主语+谓语+百分数/倍数+形容词比较级+than +被比较的对象.如: ? This city is twice larger than ours.这个城市比我 们城市大两倍。 ? The early rice output in that commune was 200% more than that of 2001.那个公社的早稻产 量是2001年的两倍。 ? 句型49. ? 主语+谓语+the size / length/ width/ height +of +被比较的对象.如: ? Our building is twice the height of yours.我们的 大楼是你们大楼的两倍高。

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十一、其它句型 句型50. It doesn't matter wh-+从句。如: It doesn't matter to me what you will do tomorrow.你明天做什么与我无关。 It doesn't matter whether you will come or not.你 来不来无关紧要。 句型51. 形容词/ 副词 / 名词(可数单数)+as / though + 主语+谓语,+主句.如: Young as he is, he knows a lot.虽然他很小,但 他知道得很多。 Hard he works, I am sure that he can't pass this exam.虽然他学习很努力,这次考试他肯定不能 及格。

? 句型52. ? Were / Should / Had +主语+谓语,+主句.如 ? Were I you, I would have gone there yesterday.如果我是你的话,昨 天我就去那儿了。 ? 句型53 ? Only +状语+特定动词+主语+谓语… ? Only by this means can I do this work well.只有用那种方式我才能做 好此工作。 ? Only because he was ill did he not come to school.只因为他有病了 才没有来上学。 ? Only then did I realize that I had been wrong.只有那时,我才认识到 我错了。 ? 句型54 ? Not only +特定动词+主语+谓语…but also+主语+谓语… 如: ? Not only did he learned English well but also he spoke French very well. 他不但英语学得好,而且法语讲得很流利。 ? 句型55 ? whether…or…, neither…nor…, either…or… 如: ? Whether he will come or not isn't important.他不来不重要。 ? 句型56 ? 主语+doubt+whether + 从句. 请比较: 主语+特定否定词+doubt +that+从句. 如: ? I don't doubt that he will come this afternoon.我确信他下午一定能来。



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