Unit 4 Body Language
第一节 单项填空 从 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. Susan, ________ university student from Europe, teaches me ________ art in her spare time. A. an; / B. a; the
C. an; the D. a; / 2. Tyron was very angry, but cool-headed enough to ________ rushing into the boss’s office. A. prevent B. avoid C. protect D. allow 3. On this map what does a star ________? A. tell B. represent C. say D. mean 4. I first met Mr Smith in America. He ________ at Stanford University then. A. studied B. had studied C. is studying D. was studying 5. Our bodies are strengthened by taking exercise. ________, our minds are developed by learning. A. Possibly B. Likely C. Similarly D. Generally 6. ________, most teenagers now listen to rock music. However, John likes classical music better. A. In a word B. In general C. In time D. In total 7. He tried to ________ answering any question the journalist asked. A. avoid B. leave C. defeat D. miss 8. ________ we move the picture over there? Do you think it will look better? A. If only B. What if C. As if D. Even if 9. ________ different kinds of pianos, the factory is sure they can satisfy people’s needs. A. To produce B. Being produced C. Produced D. Having produced 10. The letter “X” can be used ________ an unknown number. A. to expressing B. to express C. expressing D. expression 11. The Big6 Model is one ________ to teaching information literacy skills. A. attitude B. appearance C. approach D. altitude 12. ________, the teacher asked whether anyone wished to ask a question. A. Finishing his lecture B. To finish the lecture C. Having finished his lecture D. Finished the lecture 13. — It’s a very interesting book. — ________. — And thank you very much for letting me keep it so long. A. I’m glad you like it. B. That’s all right. C. Don’t mention it. D. I hope you like it. 14. — When was it that you got home last night? — It _______ around nine o’clock when I drove back home, for it was very dark. A. must have been B. had to be C. was to be D. must be 15. People are encouraged to speak openly, but careless words are ________ to hurt others’ feelings. A. possible B. probable C. likely D. sure 第二节 完形填空 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳 选项。
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An elderly carpenter (木匠) was ready to retire. He told his employer-contractor of his plans to his ___16___ the house-building business to live a more leisurely life with his wife and 17 extended family. He would18 the paycheck each week, 19 he wanted to retire. They could get by (survive). The contractor (订约人) was 20 to see his good worker go & asked if he could build just one more house as a 21 . The carpenter said yes, but over time it was easy to see that his 22 was not in his work. He resorted to shoddy workmanship and used 23 materials. It was an 24 way to end a dedicated career. When the carpenter finished his work, his employer came to 25 the house. Then he to the carpenter and said, "This is your house... my gift to you." handed the 26 The carpenter was 27 ! What a shame! If he had only known he was building his own house, he would have done it all so 28 . So it is with us. We build 29 , a day at a time, often putting 30 our best into the we have to live in the house we have built. If we could building. Then, with a shock, we 31 do it over, we would do it much differently. But, you cannot 32 . You are the carpenter, and every day you hammer a nail, place a board, or erect a wall. Someone once said, "Life is a do-it-yourself project." Your 33 , and the , build choices you make today, help build the "house" you will live in tomorrow. 34 35 ! 16. A. leave B. lead C. avoid D. gain 17. A. depend B. cheer C. enjoy D. satisfy 18. A. depend on B. receive C. benefit from D. miss 19. A. so B. but C. when D. even if 20. A. sorry B. glad C. disappointed D. cheerful 21. A. service B. personal favour C. work D. good end 22. A. curiosity B. energy C. heart D. patience 23. A. less good B. best C. solid D. valuable 24. A. rude B. wise C. wonderful D. unfortunate 25. A. sell B. buy C. inspect D. admire 26. A. house B. front-door key C. gift D. award 27. A. shocked B. satisfied C. silly D. tired 28. A. secretly B. rapidly C. willingly D. differently 29. A. our houses B. our lives C. our building D. our work 30. A. less than B. more than C. no more than D. no less than 31. A. promise B. decide C. realize D. consider 32. A. throw away B. apologize C. go ahead D. go back 33. A. character B. attitude C. force D. honesty 34. A. Therefore B. However C. Obviously D. Instead 35. A. simply B. personally C. gradually D. wisely 第三部分：阅读理解 第三部分 阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项。 A We convey (传达) information through the position and movement of the body. We often use
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gestures or body movements to stress what we are saying. For example, when I lecture (演讲), I often use my hands to emphasize (强调) points or point to something on the blackboard. Some people use them more than others. The victory (胜利) sign, the OK sign, the goodbye wave and the blowing of a kiss are all popular gestures in America. It is important to recognize, however, that most gestures are not universally recognized. For example, although the OK gesture means acceptance in America, it has other meanings in other cultures. In France it means worthlessness. And in Greece, it is considered obscene (淫秽). There are some sex differences in nonverbal behavior. In American culture, men tend to sit or stand with legs apart and hands outward, while women tend to keep legs together and hands at their sides. Women are also better than men at understanding nonverbal gestures. A nonverbal behaviour is to have the tongue just slightly protruding (突出) from the mouth. A study showed that people were less willing to approach others who had their tongues showing. Perhaps this is why people often tend to avoid individuals with bad nonverbal behaviours. When we make decisions about other people, we learn to recognize nonverbal cues (提示) and interpret (理解) them along with verbal information. 36. From the passage we can know that ________. A. body language in America is more popular than in other countries B. the deferent cultures share the same body languages C. the same gestures in deferent cultures may have the deferent meanings D. body language is more important than words 37. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A. Women’s body language is easier to understand. B. Women have a better understanding of body language than men. C. In American culture, men care more about their gestures than women. D. In American culture, men and women always employ the deferent gestures. 38. It may be concluded from this passage that ________. A. body language can completely replace words B. different cultures share different nonverbal behaviours C. body language sounds louder than verbal information D. body language can be helpful for us to communicate with each other B Most good interviewers will make an effort to establish and keep eye contact. Make sure that you do not find yourself looking down or away. If you wear glasses, be sure to buy the non-glare lenses. Do not stare. Rapidly nodding your head can leave the impression that you are impatient and too eager to add something to the conversation -- if only the interviewer would let you. Slower nodding, on the other hand, emphasizes interest, shows that you are validating (确认) the comments of your interviewer, and encourages him to continue. Tilting (倾斜) the head slightly, when combined with eye contact and a natural smile, shows friendliness and approachability (可接近的). Your smile is one of the most powerful positive body signals. Everybody looks better when they smile. Offer an unforced, confident smile. Avoid at all costs the technique that some applicants use: grinning idiotically (白痴般地裂口笑) for the length of the interview, no matter what. This will only communicate that you are insincere (虚假的). It’s worth remembering that the mouth provides a seemingly limitless supply of opportunities to
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convey weakness. This may be done by touching the mouth frequently; "faking" a cough when confused with a difficult question; and /or gnawing (咬) on one’s lips absentmindedly (茫然地). Employing any of these "insincerity signs" when you are asked about say, why you lost your last job, will confirm (确认) or instill (慢慢灌输) suspicions about your honesty. 39. The mouth may make your weakness known by ________according to the passage. A. pretending to be coughing B. having an unforced smile C. blowing a kiss D. showing your teeth 40. The main purpose of this text is to ________. A. tell you how to communicate with others effectively. B. show you how to make yourself more understandable C. remind you of respecting the interviewer. D. give you some advice on facial signals for job interviews 41. What does the underlined word “suspicion” in the last paragraph mean? A. understanding B. uncertainty C. expression D. agreement 42. Which facial signal can cause you to lose an opportunity of being employed? A. Gnawing on one’s lips. B. A natural smile. C. A natural smile. D. Touching the mouth occasionally. C About five states in Nigeria will experience a total eclipse (日蚀) of the sun on March 29, 2006, according to a forecast by the Ministry of Science and Technology this week. An eclipse occurs in one of two ways: when the moon passes between the earth and the sun so that all or part of the sun cannot be seen for a time, or when the earth passes between the moon and the sun so that you cannot see all or part of the moon for a time. The first case is a solar eclipse or eclipse of the sun, which occurs as the earth enters the shadow of the moon. The second describes a lunar eclipse or eclipse of the moon, which happens when the moon enters the shadow of the earth. More than 60 percent of Nigerians are uneducated, and eclipses in some parts of the country in the past have caused commotions in which people have been killed and property destroyed. Some Nigerians believe an eclipse is punishment from the gods for evil doing. The March 29th eclipse would be the fifth in Nigeria’s history, and it is expected to last for 30 minutes — 9:15AM to 9:45AM, according to the official prediction. Nigeria witnessed eclipses in 1898, 1947, 1959, and 2001. The shadows in an eclipse have a central dark part called umbra, and a less dark external section called penumbra. In the umbra, all the sun’s light is cut off, and this is called total eclipse; while in the penumbra, only a part of the light from the sun is cut off from the moon, and it is called partial eclipse. Five Nigerian states — Oyo, Kwara, Niger, Zamfara, and Katsina — are expected to have total eclipse, while other parts of the country will experience partial eclipse. 43. This passage is mainly written to ________. A. predict a eclipse of the sun in Nigeria B. compare a eclipse of the sun with a eclipse of the moon C. provide information on a coming eclipse of the sun in Nigeria D. show that people in Nigeria receive little education 44. If this passage is taken from a newspaper, which section is the passage probably from? A. Entertainment. B. Economy. C. Education. D. Science.
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45. The best title for this passage is ________. A. What Is an Eclipse B. How Foolish People in Nigeria Are C. Nigeria Expects Solar Eclipse D. Solar Eclipse Happens on March 29, 2006 第四部分：写作 第四部分 第一节 主观阅读 阅读下面短文，根据文章内容回答下列问题。 There are a lot of differences between Americans and Chinese in romance. The main differences are in physical actions and oral expression. In physical actions, Americans are more open. They hug each other when they meet together and give kisses to each other when they want to express their love. They share their emotions directly. Unlike Americans, Chinese are shy about showing their feelings physically. They always keep their emotions under control. The only romantic hint is to hold hands with each other in their own room. They take working hard and being responsible as ways to show their romantic feelings to their spouses (配偶). In oral expression, Americans say sweet words to each other any time, such as "I love you", "Honey", etc. They send cards to show the feelings of apology and being sorry, greetings and appreciation. Americans are open-minded. In contrast, Chinese rarely say "I like you" to each other. Even if they do something wrong, they don’t apologize to their spouses. They think that there is nothing to be sorry for between a couple. They believe that buying gifts for each other is a waste of money. They think that to do their best and support the family in the wealthy condition shows their love to the spouse. That is much better than saying sweet words. In conclusion, Americans are open and direct, but Chinese are shy. There is really a lot of difference in romantic expression between the American and Chinese.
46. How do Americans show romance in a physical way? _______________________________________________________________________________ 47. What can we conclude from Americans’ romantic expressions? _______________________________________________________________________________ 48. What do Americans and Chinese do to show congratulations to someone? _______________________________________________________________________________ 49. What do Chinese do to show their romantic feeling to their spouses? _______________________________________________________________________________ 50. Why do Chinese think it unnecessary to apologize to one’s wife or husband?
第二节 书面表达 假设你班将举行一次英语晚会，主题为“中学生应该如何使用家长给的零花钱 ” 。请你 根据提示写一篇发言稿。
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使用方式 存入银行 购买书籍 其他
好处 养成节约的习惯 获取知识 培养兴趣（音乐、体育、集邮等）
注意：1. 词数 100 左右; 2. 参考词汇: 零花钱 pocket money 节约 thrift
选做题： 选做题： 阅读下面短文，在各横线上写出空白处所缺的单词 (每空一词)，使补足后的短文意思通 顺、结构完整。 And with this prize that I have 51 as a Prize of Peace, I am going to try to make the home many people who 53 no home. Because I believe that 54 begins at home, and if we 52 can create a 55 for the poor I think that more 56 more love will spread. When I pick up a person from the street, hungry, I give 57 a plate of rice, a piece of bread to have him satisfied. I have removed that hunger. But a 58 who is shut out, who feels unwanted, unloved, terrified, the person who has been thrown out from society — that poverty is so full of hurt and so unbearable… And so let us always meet each 59 with a smile, for the smile is the beginning of love, and once we begin to love each other naturally we want to do 60 .
参考答案 1-5 DBBDC 6-10 BABDB 11-15 CCAAC 16-20 ACDBA 21-25 BCADC 26-30 BADBA 31-35 CDBAD 36-40 CBDAA 41-45 BDCDC 46. They show love to their lovers by hugging and kissing. 47. From their ways of showing romance, we may conclude that Americans are more open and direct than the Chinese while the Chinese are a bit shy and indirect. 48. They will show it in different ways. Americans will send cards to each other, while the Chinese won’t do the same. They think it a waste of money to do that. 49. They think the best way is to work harder and be responsible for their family, which they think is to show their romantic feelings to their spouse. 50. Because they think they are a couple and there is nothing wrong between them. 书面表达 One possible version: Dear friends, I’m very glad to have the chance to speak to so many classmates here at present. Today I’d like to talk about how middle school students should deal with their pocket money properly. As is known to all, we can easily get pocket money from our parents if we want to. But it is no good for us spending it at will. In my opinion, we may spend some on books and magazines, from which we can get a lot of knowledge and pleasure. If we love music, sports or stamp collecting, we can develop the interests in them by using some of our pocket money. On the other hand, if
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possible, we’d better put some in the bank, which will help us form the habit of thrift. Don’t you think so? I really hope you will give me your opinions about it. Thank you. 选做题: 选做题 51. received / got 52. for 53. have 54. love 55. home 56. and 57. him 58. person 59. other 60. something 重点解析 1. D。university 读音是以辅音音素开头，所以用 a；art 在这里指“美术，艺术” ，是泛指，所 以前面不加 the。 2. B。prevent 常用 prevent sb (from) doing sth 结构，表示“防止；预防” ；avoid 意为“避免” ， 后面跟名词或动词-ing 形式作宾语；protect 意为“保护” ；allow 意为“允许” 。根据句 意， “虽然 Tyron 很生气，但是他头脑很冷静” ，就不会做不恰当的事情，也不会“冲进 领导的办公室” ，所以用 avoid 最合适。 3. B。根据句意， “在这张地图上，这颗红星____中国的首都。 ”红星与首都在此只能是代表的 关系，所以不能用 A（告诉） 、C（代替）或者 D（意味着） ，所以选 B，represent 意为 “代表” 。 4. D。本句选用过去进行时，指那时动作正在发生。 5. C。 usually 意为 “通常” curiously 意为 ； “好奇地； 奇怪地” similarly 意为 ； “类似地” particularly ； 意为“独特地；显著地” 。根据句意， “通过锻炼来强健身体”与“通过学习来提高智 力”之间具有一种类比的关系，所以用 similarly 最合适。 6. B。in a word 意为“总之；一句话；总而言之” ；in general 意为“大体上；一般地” ；in all 意为“总共” total 意为“总共” ；in 。通过句意可以看出， “大多数青少年喜欢听摇滚乐” 是一种一般的普通的情况，所以选 B。 7. A。significant 意为“有意义的；重大的；重要的” ；major 意为“主要的；重要的；大的” ； considerate 意为“考虑周到的” ；greater 意为“更大的” 。根据句意，这里指“一个比 较重大的改变” ，用 more 来修饰，不能用 major，因为 major 本身已经具有“比较”的 含义；greater 只能用 much 来修饰；considerate 不合题意，所以选 significant。 8. B。what if 这里指“如果……将会怎样” ，表示对一种假设的提问；if only 指“要是……就好 了” ；as if 意为“好像” ；even if 意为“即使” 。根据句意，这里应选 A。 9. D。根据后半句说， “工厂确认足以满足人们的需要” ，那么前提应该是“生产各种各样的钢 琴”应该已经成为事实，所以用现在完成时，动词-ing 形式作状语。 10. B。encourage 意为“鼓励” ；express 意为“表达” ；explain 意为“解释” ；exchange 意为“交 流” 。句意为：学会很好地表达自己，是现代教育的一个很重要的内容。 11. C。attitude to / towards 指“对……的态度” ；appearance 指“出现” ；approach 指“方法； 途径” ，后常接 to；altitude 指“海拔；高度” 。根据句意，这里指一种“教学方法” ， 所以用 approach。注：Big6 Model 的全称是 Big6 Model of Information Problem-Solving， 指 Big6 信息问题解决模式，属于“问题解决”式的研究学习。 12. C。keep in touch with 意为“保持联络” ；within reach of 意为“离得很近；在范围内” ；out of touch with 意为“失去联系；不再了解情况” ；out of reach of 意为“够不着” 。 句中指曾祖父对现代潮流不闻不问，所以选 C。 13. A。交际用语。由情景可知，B 将一本书借给了 A，A 觉得这本书很有趣，故 B 说“我很高 兴你喜欢” 接着说： ，A “谢谢你借给了我这么长的时间” 。That’s all right 回答感谢和道 歉；Don’t mention it(别人道谢时回答)不客气；I hope you like it 指期望对方喜欢，而事 实是对方的确很喜欢，所以选 A。 14. A。must have done 表示对过去情况有把握的推测。
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15. C。 常用 sb / sth be likely to do 或 it’s likely +从句， “可能”certain 表示 表示 ； “确定的”probable ； 后常跟 that 从句表示“很有可能” ；be sure to do sth 指“一定；务必去做某事” 。 16. A。第一句说“老木匠准备退休了” ，由此可以得知，他要离开建房子的行业。但是并没有 avoid（避开、躲避）的意思，更不是 lead（领导） 、gain（获得）的意思。 17. C。 “enjoy his extended family”指享受家庭带来的天伦之乐。respect 指“尊敬” ；cheer 指 “欢呼” ；satisfy 指“满足；使满意” ，三项都不合语境。 18. D。因为退休后就没有薪水了，所以用 miss the paycheck 表示“得不到薪水” 。depend on 指“依靠；依赖” ；receive 指“收到；接到” ；benefit from 指“受益于” 。 19. B。前后是转折关系。虽然没有薪水了，但他还是想退休，因为生活还能过得去。 20. A。从后文的 good worker 可以看出，他在老板的眼中，是个好工人，所以老板对他的退休 表示“遗憾” ，而不是 B（高兴的） 、C（失望的） 、D（愉快的；高兴的） 。 21. B。老板请他在离去之前，再帮忙建一座房子，所以用“a personal favour” 。service 指“服 务” ；work 指“工作” ；end 指“结局” ，都不合语境。 22. C。 从后文他对建房子的态度可知， “他的心思 （heart） 已经不在工作上了。 curiosity 指 ” “好 奇心” ；energy 指“精力” ；patience 指“耐性” 。 23. A。他这座房子没有建好，是因为用的是劣质材料。 24. D。他建的这座劣质房子竟然成了老板送给自己的礼物，以如此方式结束自己的事业，不 能不说是一种“不幸” 。 25. C。inspect 有“检查”的意思，房子建成后，老板来验收房子，而不是 A（卖） 、B（买） 、 D（赞美） 。 26. B。因为老板说“房子是你的了，我给你的礼物” ，自然递给他的是房门的“钥匙” 。 27. A。木匠没有想到自己建的这座房子竟然是给自己的，所以听到老板的话，木匠的反应只 能是“震惊” （shocked） 。 28. D。 如果知道房子是为自己建的， 他就不这样了， 会以不同的方式建房子。 differently 指 “不 同地” ；secretly 指“秘密地” ；rapidly 指“迅速地” ；willingly 指“欣然地” 。 29. B。本文作者把“建房子”比作“创造生活” ，所以选 life。 30. A。在创造生活的时候，有时会像木匠那样犯“不尽心尽力”的错误。less than 指“小于” ； more than 指“多于” ；no more than 指“只是” ；no less than 指“正如” 。 31. C。realize 指“意识到”的意思。句意为“突然意识到，我们将不得不住进我们自己建造的 房子” ，这里指一种醒悟，所以不能用 promise（允许） 、decide（决定） 、consider（考 虑；照顾） 。 32. D。 这里指生活不会重来。 一旦已经建成了房子， 那么就不能返回。 back 指 go “回去” throw ； away 指“扔掉；丢弃” ；throw off 指“扔开；脱掉” ；go ahead 指“前进” 。 33. B。从全文来看，木匠错就错在他的态度不对，自以为这是最后一座房子，因而没有尽心 尽力地去完成，导致最后的遗憾，所以这里作总结的时候， “态度”是很重要的一个内 容，同时还包含“你现在所做的决定” ，将决定你未来的生活。 34. A。根据 tomorrow（明天） ，意指“未来” ，可以确定用将来时。 35. D。根据木匠的经验，这里作者给读者提出了建议，希望今天做的每件事情都是认认真真 地做的，所以应该给自己营造一个很好的环境。所以 simply（简单地） 、personally（亲 自） 、gradually（逐渐地）都不符合语境，wisely 指“明智地” 。 36. C。文中举例说到了许多关于美国的身势语的内容，但是并没有说身势语在美国就比在其 他国家更流行， 所以 A 错误； 从第一段中 “… most gestures are not universally recognized” 以及后文关于表达 OK 的身势语在不同国家表示的不同含义，说明身势语在不同文化环 境中表达的含义是不相同的，所以 B 错误，而 C 刚好表达了这样的意思，所以 C 正确；
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全文讲述了身势语在日常交流中的重要作用，但是并不是说比语言更重要，所以 D 错 误。 37. B。第二段主要讲述了由于性别的不同，从而在非语言行为中也存在着许多不同，而女性 比男性更能很好地理解身势语，所以 B 项正确。A 项说，女性的身势语比较容易理解， 与文意有悖；C 项，在美国文化中，男性比女性更关注姿态，而文中主要是介绍了男性 与女性在站着或坐着时的不同姿态的介绍，所以不能得出本结论；从第二段第一句 “There are some sex differences in non-verbal behaviour”知，有一些差异，但并不是 D 说的“always have different gestures” 。 38. D。从最后一段知，我们可以通过结合非语言（如身势语）的提示，透过语言信息来了解 一个人，所以 D 项说，身势语可以帮助了解一个人，是正确的。A 项说身势语决定了一 个人的个性，未免有失偏颇；B 项说语言信息不如身势语有用，显然不对，文中意思是 身势语能够辅助了解一个人；C 项说身势语比语言信息有效，也是不正确的。 39. A。A 项说假装正在咳嗽，这是用来掩饰内心虚弱的一种方式，从文中最后一段可以看出； B（从容不迫地微笑） 、C（飞吻） 、D（露出牙齿地笑）都是自信的表现。 40. A。根据文中最后一段可以看出，咬嘴唇是“convey weakness”的一种方式，所以如果在 面试的时候，老有这样的表现的话，那就很容易丧失掉这次机会。自然的微笑、自然 的眼神交流以及偶尔摸嘴，都不是很大的问题。 41. B。根据前面“insincerity signs”以及问道“为什么会失去上次的工作”知，对待这样不真 诚的行为，面试者就会更加肯定“对你的忠诚度”的“怀疑” 。understanding 指“理解” ； uncertainty 指“不确定” ；expression 指“表达” ；agreement 指“同意；一致” 。 42. D。全文主要讲解了关于面部表情的建议，所以 D 正确。 “如何有效地与人交流”“如何让 、 别人更能理解自己的意思”“提醒你要尊敬面试者”都不是本文的主要意思。 、 43. C。该文主要介绍的是即将在尼日利亚发生的日食。故选 C。 44. D。文中很明确地介绍了日蚀是怎样发生的，以及日全食与日偏食的原因等，所以本文涉 及的是日食方面的科普知识，故选 D。 45. C。标题概括题。C 项标题准确反映了本文的主题内容。
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