2015 年沈阳市高中三年级教学质量检测（一） 英语
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A When Shakespeare was twenty-one, he went to London to
try his fortune in that great city, and a very interesting place was the London of his day. There was the famous London Bridge and St. Paul?s Cathedral, and palaces and markets and long streets full of shops. Then, too, there were the daily crowds where could be seen people from all over the world. Knights， scholars and the highwayman (拦路强盗）or thief，who had been infamous for his clever robberies, passed by each other. Here, also, were noblemen dressed in gold, from Italy and Spain and France; slaves from Spanish America, sea captains and ministers, soldiers and servants—all held by chance or interest within the gray walls which circled London, and whose gates gave welcome to as strange a crowd as could be found in the world. Into this curious crowd came Shakespeare, quick to see and eager to learn. And before long all these strange sights were as familiar to him as the faces of his own town?s residents. Each one told its story to him so plainly that, as before he had learned the secrets of the fields and woods, so now he learned men and men?s interests that make up the great world. And he learned these lessons so well that when he came to write his plays, he made such use of them as no writer ever made before or since; for it is the use of this knowledge of the world, combined with his own genius, that makes Shakespeare the greatest dramatist that has ever lived. 21. What was London like in Shakespeare?s eyes when he first went there? A. Dirty and small. B. Strange and interesting. C. Infamous and terrible. D. Familiar and modem. 22. Which of the following best describes Shakespeare? A. Shakespeare got inspiration to write from his hometown, London. B. Shakespeare was eager to make friends with the noblemen in London. C. Shakespeare was good at observing and learning from the daily life. D. Shakespeare became the greatest dramatist owing to his own genius. 23. What does the word “one” in paragraph 5 refer to? A. Crowd. B. Sight. C. Face. D. Resident 24. The passage probably comes from______. A. a poster B. a textbook. C. an advertisement D. an announcement
B Being physically active three times a week reduces the odds of being depressed by about 16%, according to new UCL research carried out as part of the Public Health Research Center. The study, published in JAMA Psychiatry, found a two-way relationship between depression and physical activity. People who increased their weekly activity reported fewer depressive symptoms but those with more depressive symptoms were less active, particularly at younger ages. Researchers followed 11,135 people born in 1958 up until the age of 50, recording depressive symptoms and levels of physical activity at regular intervals in adulthood. They found that each additional activity period per week reduced odds of depression by 6%. In England 19% of men and 26% of women are currently classed as ?inactive?, and this study suggests that activity could significantly improve their mental as well as physical health. “Assuming the association is causal, physical activity has a protective effect against depression. If an adult between their twenties and forties who isn?t physically active became active 3 times per week, they would reduce their risks of depression by about 16%,” says Dr Snehal of the UCL Institute of Child Health, lead author of the study. Professor Mark, Director of the Public Health Research Center, said: “Many people are already aware of the benefits of physical activity on their general health, but now we are seeing more evidence that suggest it also has a positive effect on a person?s mental well-being. The latest research highlights just how important it is to ensure that people are working and living in environments that allow them to be both physically active and mentally healthy.”, 25. The underlined word “odds” probably means______ . A. benefits B. intervals C. risks D. ages 26. According to the second paragraph, if people increase their weekly activity, ______. A. their depressive symptoms will be fewer B. their depressive symptoms will be more C. they will become much younger D. they will become more depressive 27. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A. Dr. Snehal thinks it important to be both physically and mentally healthy. B. The research shows men are more active in physical activities than women. C. Adults who insist on physical activity will reduce depression completely. D. Increasing physical activities can free people from depression in a way. 28. What is the author?s purpose in writing the passage? A. To tell us a fun story about how to protect us against depression. B. To introduce a research on the link between activity and depression. C. To persuade readers to increase their weekly activity. D. To describe the disadvantages of physical activity.
C Standing desks have become common across Silicon Valley, offering health benefits to those willing to work on their feet. However, due to their high price, they have failed to catch on until now. Recently, Ikea has brought out Bekant convertible standing desk that can become a normal desk at the touch of a button. The $500 adjustable desk can transform from a standard desk to a standing one, and Ikea hopes it could make the standing desk mainstream. Experts say that changing from a seated to a standing desk can improve productivity. Similar desks have become a common sight at tech firms such as Google, where some employees have even installed treadmill (跑步 机)and bicycle desks. The desk is not the first “convertible” on the market. As early as 2013, Stir Kinect brought out an adjustable desk. The $3,890 Stir Kinect desk has a motor to raise and lower itself, converting it into a standing desk or a traditional desk. The desk can even be programmed to move up and down slightly, making it appear to take a gentle breath to remind the user to change their position. To move between sitting and standing positions, owners simply double tap on the screen. The desk can learn the user?s preferences over time and suggest the best seating position. The Stir Kinect desk was created by a team of ex-Apple and Disney engineers. It has a built-in touch screen to control and track movement, and can tell users exactly how many calories they burn by standing during their working day. It also has devices containing power points and USB ports for charging phones, to keep cables hidden. “ Ikea?s height adjustable desk is great for opening up the lower end of the market, ?? said JP Labrosse, founder and CEO of Stir. 29. What is the text mainly about? A. Ikea has brought out an adjustable standing desk. B. Silicon Valley offered health benefits to officials. C. Google formed their tech firms to design bicycle desks. D. The Stir Kinect desk will become mainstream in the market： 30. Which of the following is TRUE according to the text? A. Before Bekant desk, similar adjustable desks have been widely used. B. The seated desks will take the place of the standing desks in the future. C. Compared to the Stir Kinect desk, the Bekant desk is much cheaper. D. The adjustable desks were designed by the Apple and Disney Company. 31. The Stir Kinect desk______. A. can breathe in and breathe out by pressing the button once. B. can charge phones by using a device containing power point. C. can tell you how many calories you need for a walk D. can advise you to do more exercise at a proper time 32. What can we infer from the last sentence given by JP Labrosse that______. A. Ikea?s adjustable desk will be popular with average people. B. Ikea will have to sell furniture at a lower price in the future. C. This height adjustable table can only be found in Ikea. D. It is not necessary for Ikea to open up the market at all.
D Jackson Language School Summer Opening and Closing Times The Jackson Language School is open each day except Sunday. There is an English Comer also available from 6:00pm—9:00pm at the Bellevue Hall across from the school. Class Size Classes have a minimum of 10 and a maximum of 16 in one class. Classes are equipped with earphones and an electronically controlled listening. Teachers Teachers are all experienced and have a minimum of 2 years experience and at least a certificate in teaching English as a Second Language. They are all available for tutoring if you need it. Location The school is located 15 minutes from central London at 34 Inverleith Row, next to the Marks and Spencer shopping Centre. It is near a bus shop and only a 5 minutes walk from the Tube. Attendance Students on student visas are expected to attend regularly. Students who are absent more than 60% of the time will be reported to the Student Office. Moreover, if students attend less than 80%, they will not be able to get a certificate form Jackson School. It is also required by the Student Office for visa extension. Home stay You are able to stay with a British family if you request so. Jackson has a home stay program that matches students and families according to their own requirements and needs. While generally no problems occur, students may move from a home stay household if he or she gives a 2-week written notice to the home stay family school. Language Policy As the course is an immersion (浸入式）program, students are expected to speak English the entire time they are at the school. If they speak any language other than English at the school, they may be asked to leave the school for a day. 33. If you attend more than 80% of your classes, ______. A. you will be likely to get a certificate B. you will not obtain a visa extension C. you may be reported to the Student Office D. you may not he able to get a certificate 34. The students are expected to speak English______ A. part of the time while at Jackson B. the entire time they are at the school C. no matter when they want to D. when they are in home stay family 35. At Jackson School, ______. A. you can?t move out of a home stay family B. you can?t take part in an English Comer. C. you can turn to a tutor when necessary D. you can study in a class less than 10 students.
第二节（共 5 小題；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。选项中有两 项为多余选项。 36 .Unlike student loans(贷款), scholarships do not have to be repaid. Hundreds of thousands of scholarships from several thousand sponsors are awarded each year. Generally, scholarships are reserved for students with special qualifications. 37 Awards are also available for students who are interested in particular fields of study, who live in certain areas of the country or who demonstrate financial need. 38 . Fastweb is such a search. It compares your background with a database of awards. Only those awards that fit your profile (简历）are identified as matches. There are several free scholarship databases available online. The Fastweb scholarship search is the largest, most accurate and most frequently updated scholarship database. If you supply an email address, they will inform you when new awards that match your profile are added to the database. 39 Scholarships come in all shapes and sizes. Knowing and searching the types of scholarships that are out there will ensure that you find any and every scholarship for which you qualify. Students who are awarded scholarships often need additional financial assistance. 40 .To find out about grants and other aid types, visit the section discussing Other Types of Aid. For businessmen and philanthropists (慈善家)who are thinking about sponsoring a new scholarship, find the Scholarship Design & Management section. A. Students can apply for scholarships from their teachers B. See the Loans section for information on student and parent loans C. The best way to search for scholarships is to use a personalized search D. Scholarships are forms of aid that help students pay for their education E. However, it is very difficult for students to get the special qualifications F. Those who have academic, athletic or artistic talent are likely to be awarded G. Fastweb also includes a college search and numerous other student resources
第三部分 英语知识运用 （共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空 （共 20 小题； 每小题 1.5 分；满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并 写在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 It had been a nice and sunny day. I stepped slowly towards the edge of the cliff and looked out. The 41 was wonderful. I could 42 the gentle wind coming from the coast while watching the brilliant sunset. My dad and I used to enjoy the sunset together on that very 43 . We would also watch the waves crash into the 44 below. My mother would always annoy us how 45 it was. I was never worried, 46 I always felt safe next to my father, who spent most of his life out 47 in his boat. I remember one time on his boat; I had 48 off the back and into the cold water accidentally. My dad immediately jumped off to 49 me. I would never forget that day, and from that point I knew 50 would prevent my dad protecting me if I was in danger. As I 51 there on top of the cliff, I remembered the times I spent with my dad. I looked down sorrowfully at the urn(骨灰瓷) 52 . My father was my rock, someone I could 53 when I needed him most. But now he was gone, and I felt sorrowful and 54 . It had always been my father?s last 55 to have his ashes scattered out at sea. I 55 the urn, said a 57 farewell (告别). and then slowly twisted off the lid. The wind started to change 58 . blowing out towards the sea. I looked last time down at my father?s ashes and then 59 for a moment, I scattered the contents out over the cliff. I wiped away a tear, but it was perfect happiness rather than sadness, because I finally knew the man who 60 so much to me, my father, was finally at peace. 41. A. journey B. condition C. view D. food 42. A. see B. feel C. hear D. smell 43. A. spot B. river C. day D. moment 44. A. wind B. rubbish C. walls D. rocks 45. A. embarrassing B. interesting C. famous D. dangerous 46. A. because B. when C. if D. though 47. A. at peace B. at rest C. at sunset D. at sea 48. A. jumped B. fallen C. dived D. swam 49. A. comfort B. protect C. rescue D. follow 50. A. everything B. something C. nothing D. anything 51. A. stood B. lay C. hanged D. slept 52. A. under my arm B. in my hands C. on my shoulder D. around my neck 53. A. care for B. learn from C. depend on D. turn down 54. A. fearless B. hopeless C. careless D. shameless 55. A. chance B. behaviour C. ambition D. wish 56. A. looked back on B. looked out for C. looked down at D. looked up to 57. A. silent B. shocking C. sudden D. strange 58. A. speed B. distance C. force D. direction 59. A. screamed B. hesitated C. laughed D. complained 60. A. helped B. meant C. owed D. did
第 II 卷
注意：将答案写在答题卡上，写在本试卷上无效。 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第二节（共 10 小题；每小超 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（不多于 3 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 Freeflyers: Modem Skydivers Imagine falling towards the planet Earth at 61 awesome speed of 300 kilometers per hour. You start your fall from over four kilometers above the Earth. And you have less than one minute before you pull your parachute (降落伞） cord. You are falling 62 fast that just turning your head can send you off 63 a different direction. This is the wild side of a sport that has not found its limit—freeflying. Freeflying 64 (base) on the more traditional skydiving, 65 of which are eye-catching. However, it is more terrifying to watch freeflyers create formations and movements. Freeflyers, 66 the name suggests, enjoy the more spontaneous(即兴的）thrill of doing their own things. The wildest trip for a freeflyers is falling ?head down?. Falling ?head first? requires a great deal of control, which means 67 (travel) not only fast but also steadily. Even the 68 (slight) movement has a great effect on your direction. They wear the amusing jumpsuits, strange helmets and smaller parachutes. 69 (actual), their parachutes are about one quarter the size of the traditional skydiver?s parachutes. It is only in the last few years 70 freeflying has gained any real public acceptance.
第四部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师耍求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处错误， 每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号（∧） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除: 把多余的词用斜线（\)划掉。 修改：在错的词下画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Dear Tom, How are you? I am just writing to tell you I had wonderful time at your place in New York. I arrived home, safely and sound. I have something to ask for you. I have been looking through my bags for my favorite red shirt, or I can?t find it anywhere. I?m sure I might have left it at your place. Could you look around your house for it? By the way, I am planning Mom and Dad?s wedding anniversary celebration. I had already invited you and your parent. I wonder whether you would like to come to Chicago this time. How do you think of it? Take care of you and write to me soon. Giving my regards to Uncle Bernard and Aunt Norah. Love, Diana
第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 假定你是李华，担任学校外教 Alien 的学生助手。请你给回美国度假的 Allen 写一封 e-mail,告诉他学校扩 建改造后的变化。主要内容包括： 1. 重建了教学楼，实验楼。 2. 学生教室设在二楼和三楼，教师办公室搬至一楼尽头。 3. 原来的车库改建为新食堂。 注意：1.词数 100 左右 2. 适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3. 开头以为你写好。 Dear Mr. Allen, I?m Li Hua, your student assistant.
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