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必修3 Unit 2


高考总复习.人教版.英语

必修 3

Unit 2 Healthy eating

高考总复习.人教版.英语

基础再现

高考总复习.人教版.英语

词汇盘点
diet ? 1._____________ n.日常饮食;vi. slim ? 2

.________________adj.苗条的,细长的;vi.变细, balance ? 3.________________n. 天平,平衡;v. 平衡, rid ? 4.________________v. 使摆脱; debt ? 5.________________n. amount ? 6.________________n. 数量,总额;v. 总计, sigh ? 7.________________n. 叹息;v. 叹息之声,渴望

高考总复习.人教版.英语

词汇拓展
energetic ? 1.energy(n.)活力,精力,能量;_____________(adj.) energetically 精力旺盛的;_____________(adv.)

digest ? 2.digestion(n.)消化力,领悟;_____________ (v.)消

化,
curious ? 3.curiosity(n.)好奇,好奇心;_____________(adj.) 好奇

的,
custom ? 4.customer(n.)顾客;_____________(n.) 习惯,风俗,海 weak ? 5.weakness(n.)软弱,缺点;_____________(adj.)弱的,

无力的

高考总复习.人教版.英语

strengthen ? 6.strength(n.)力量,力气,长处,强度;_____________ (v.)加强, gentle ? 7.gently(adv.)轻轻地,温柔地;_____________ (adj.)

温和的,
? 8.limit(n.)限度,限制(vt.)限制,限定; limited _____________(adj.) ? 9.benefit(n.)利益,好处;(v.)有益于,获益; beneficial _____________(adj.)有益的, ? 10.combine(vi.)结合,联合(vt.)使结合,使联合; combination _____________(n.)结合, sugar ? 11.sugary(adj.)含糖的,甜的;_____________ (n.)糖;

(v.)加糖于

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? ◆学以致用
? 在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式
energetic ? 1.He is an _____________ person,that is to say,he is a energy man full of ______________.

? 2.This kind of high digestion ______________.

fiber food is good for

curious ? 3.The little boy was ______________ about everything ,so I had to explain the reasons to satisfy his curiosity.

? 4.The new store across the road has taken away most of customers my ______________.

高考总复习.人教版.英语

weakness ? 5.There is still some ______________ in the legs,but her general condition is good.

? 6.VB and VC can strengthen ______________us against disease. limit 7.There is a______________to my patience. beneficial ? 8.Advertising can be______________to the customers if to it is true ______________its claims. Advertising can be benefit of ______________ to the customers if it is true
to ______________ its claims. combined ? 9.The two countries ______________against their common enemy,which proved to be a successful combination ______________.

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? 短语熟记
? 1._____________ 厌倦, ? 2.________________脱掉,除掉(vt.),起飞(vi.) ? 3.________________扔掉, ? 4.________________不因谋事而受惩罚;受到较轻处罚; 拿走,带走(某人、某物等);带着…… ? 5.________________ ? 6.________________

? 7.________________有……味道,体验,
? 8.________________感到沮丧,

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? 9.________________对…… ? 10.________________ ? 11.________________欠债, ? 12.________________ ? 13.________________暗中监视,

? 14.________________(既)不……也不,(既)非……
? 15.________________ ? 16.________________而不是……,与其……倒不如……

? 17.________________把……砍倒;削减(降低,删减,删 节);
? 18.________________vt.总共达到(总计,等于)

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? 答案:
? 1.tired of ? 3.throw away ? 5.tell a lie/lies ? 7.taste of 2.take off 4.get away with 6.get rid of 8.feel frustrated

? 9.be amazed at
? 11.in debt ? 13.spy on ? 16.rather than

10.earn one s living
12.glare at 14.neither...nor...

? 15.provide sb.with sth./provide sth.for sb. 17.cut down

? 18.amount to

高考总复习.人教版.英语

实用句型
? 1.could have done/must have done 对过去情况的推测。 肯定:must/may/might +have been /done

? 否定:can/could not + have been /done
? 疑问:can/could + have been /done ? 2.have sb.doing sth.允许或容忍(某事)发生(用在will not,cannot等否定词之后)/ ? 3.see sb.doing sth.看见某人正在做某事(动作正在进行) ? 4.wonder if不知道/想知道是否…… ? 5. ? 6.连词(when,while,if though,after,before,as...)+分词 (短语)(分词的主语和主句的主语必须为同一个)

高考总复习.人教版.英语

精华浓缩

? 运用本单元所学知识,翻译下面内容,并背诵该 ? 运动有益于我们的健康。我们最好每天让自己跑 步半小时。我们应该劳逸结合。大家都知道,保 持学习和娱乐之间的平衡非常重要。唯有这种方 ? ? ? ? ? __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? 范文赏读: ? Exercise is beneficial to our health.We’d better

have us running for half an hour every day.
What’s more,we should combine study with

pleasure.As everybody knows,it is important to
keep the balance of study and pleasure.Only by this way can we live a healthy life.

高考总复习.人教版.英语

考点整合

高考总复习.人教版.英语

词汇聚焦
? 1. benefit ? 例句: ? The bank suffers while its officers benefit. ? 银行遭受损失, ? Because of illness she didn’t get much benefit from her stay abroad. vt.& vi.有益于,得益;n.益处,好处;救济金,保险

? I have benefited a lot from extensive reading.
? ? We benefit by/from daily exercises. ?

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? 搭配: ? benefit sb./sth.使……

? benefit from/by sb./sth.从……
? be of benefit to sb./be beneficial to sb.使……受益, 对…… ? 相当于 →be good for sb./do sb.good/do good to sb. ? 反义词→①harm sb.②be harmful to sb.③do sb.harmdo

harm to sb.④be bad for sb.使……受害,对……
? for the benefit of...为……的利益

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? 2. debt n. ? 例句: ? Debt is the worst poverty. ? Out of debt,out of danger. ? 搭配: ? be in debt 欠债,受过(某人的) ? be out of debt 还清债务

? be in sb.’s debt 欠某人人情,
? deep(或deeply)in debt

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? get(或run)into debt ? (get)out of debt

? blood debt
? a large debt

? a national debt ? under a heavy debt 债台高筑

? clear a debt ? owe a debt

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? 3. research n.调查,研究;v. 调查, ? 例句: ? Research has shown that women live longer than men. ? We have been researching for three years with no results. ? 我们已研究了三年, ? 搭配:

? do/make/conduct research onresearch into 对……进行研 究,
? make researches into:make a study of /study 研究

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? 4. diet (1) n. ? (2)[C] n.(病人或减肥者)特种饮食,规定饮食vi. ? 例句:

? I’m on a diet.
? She went on a diet a week ago. ?

? You ought to diet and take more exercise.
? ? 搭配:

? be/go on a diet节食/
? put sb.on a diet ? balanced diet

? keep a balanced diet 保持均衡的膳食

高考总复习.人教版.英语

经典词组
? 1. glare at ? 例句: ? They stood there,glaring at each other. ?

? 辨析
? glare at/stare at/glance at ? glare at ? stare at 睁大眼睛死死地盯着,这种注视出于惊讶、好奇、 ? glance at 扫视,瞥视,匆匆一看。

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? 2. rather than 而不是,与其……倒不如,宁可…… ? 例句: ? We’ll have the meeting in the classroom rather than in the auditorium. ? 我们与其在教室里开会,

? Rather than being punished,he should be rewarded.
? ? Rather than risk breaking up his marriage he told his wife everything. ?

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? 联想:
? or rather ? would/had rather do sth.than do sth./would do sth.rather than do sth.宁愿……(而不愿),宁愿/甘心……(而不肯) ? prefer to do sth.rather than do sth.宁愿做某事,而不愿做 ? other than与……不同,非; ? would/had rather+从句 (从句中的谓语动词用虚拟语气)一 般用过去时来表示现在或将来要做的事而谈到过去的动作, 用过去完成时。

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

3. tired of厌倦, 例句: I’m tired of your empty words. 联想: tired out tired from 因…… 练习:
(1) I am tired out after the long walk . __________________________________ (2) I’m tired of working all day. __________________________________ (3) My eyes were tired from too much reading. __________________________________

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? 4. earn one’s living ? 例句 ? What do you do to earn your living.你以何为生? ? earn one’s living by... /live by.../make a living by...靠……

? earn a living by 靠……
? ?

? (1)
? __________________________________

高考总复习.人教版.英语

句型掌握
? 1. Nothing could have been better.All his food could have been the best. ? 温馨提示 ? ? 练习 ? ? (1) ? I__________________________________. ? (2) ? This bird is really lovely.______________. ? (3)她唱得多么优美啊!我从来没听过比她更好的嗓音了。 How beautiful she sings! ______________.

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? (4)你对这个答案满意吗? ? 一点也不。再糟糕不过了。(不可能比这个答案更糟糕的 了。) ? Are you satisfied with the answer? ? Not at all.______________.

答案:(1)have never seen a better film (2)I’ve never seen a finer one (3)I have never heard a better voice (4)It couldn‘t have been worse

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? 2. His restaurant ought to be full of people. ?

? 温馨提示
? (1)ought to 表示一种道义上的责任,应该。(2)ought to have done/ should have done表示本应该……,而却没 有……。should not have done/ought not to have done表 示过去本不应该做……但事实上却做了……。(3)be full of

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? 3. Pengwei followed Maochang into a newly-opened small restaurant at the end of the street.鹏伟跟着茂昌 ? 温馨提示
? Newly-opened 副词加动词过去式的合成形容词。 ? ? ? (1)adv.+p.p well-known出名的,众所周知的newly built

? (2)adj.+n.+ed warm-hearted热心肠的; 友好的; 富有同情 心的 good-tempered好脾气的,和蔼的,

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? (3)num.+n.+ed four-storied 四层楼的 条腿的
? (4)adj.+v.ing

three-legged 三

good- looking好看的,easy -going容易相处

? (5)n.+v.ing peace-loving爱好和平的 energy-giving增加 ? (6)n.+p.p heartfelt由衷的 man-made人造的, ? (7)adj.+p.p newborn(婴儿)新生的,初生的 ready-made ? (8)n.+adj.duty-free 免税的 carefree ? (9)adv.+v.ing hard-working勤劳的 far-reaching深远的

? 4. He thought of his mutton kebabs,fatty pork cooked in the hottest oil. ? ? 温馨提示 ? 过去分词短语“cooked in the hottest oil( which were cooked in the hottest oil.)”作后置定语,与它所修饰的名 词 “pork” ? ? ? (1)(2008年浙江卷) ? 这是今年到目前为止在因特网上发现的最有趣的事情之一。 It is one of the funniest things ______________. ? (2)(2008年湖南卷)在暴风雨中被刮倒的树已经搬离道路。 The trees ______________have been moved off the road.

高考总复习.人教版.英语

高考总复习.人教版.英语

写作导航

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? 如何写出优美的英语文章(一) ? 写作中能恰当地运用英语的各种句型并且避免出现错 误对学习英语写作的人来说是很重要的。一般而言,写作 者应当在写作过程中考虑到读者的需要,既要能够讲清概 念又要能够吸引读者的注意力,而做到这一点,就要求作 者在写作中既简洁明快又富于变化。那么初学英语写作时
? 大家也知道,通篇充斥着结构单一句子的文章读来索然 无味,而文章节奏上的变化则能吸引读者的注意力,如同 高速公路上时而出现的转变能保持驾车者敏感和注意力一 样。实现文章节奏变化的手段是英语句子的多样化,如长 短句搭配使用,长句内容充实,短句简洁明快。或在句子 开头或在适当的位置使用修饰语,这既能引起读者的兴趣 又能使句子意思更加完整。在表达复杂概念时,恰当运用 关系从句,使意思表达更确切。以下通过实例来分析各种

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? 1.修饰语的运用 ? 修饰语既可以介词短语出现,也可以分词形式出现。如: ①Behind the old refrigerator,I found my favorite hair pin I lost two months ago. ? ②Against the wishes of her husband,Maria took a

vacation by herself.
? ③Angered by his poor grades,Charles threw his English book out the window. ? ④During to work on Monday,Helen saw a terrible accident. ? 上述4句,若仅采用短句形式,很难吸引读者。如:

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? ①I found my favorite hair pin.I lost two months ago.It was behind the old refrigerator.
? ②Maria took a vacation by herself.This is against the wishes of her husband. ? ③Charles was angered by his poor grades,so he threw his English book out the window.

? 比较一下可以发现,同样的概念以修饰语形式出现的句子 简洁明快,毫无拖沓之意并且作者的意图表达更为明确。 而短句的连续出现让读者不能理解概念的孰重。再如: Women have increasing representation in work force,but they still have failed to approach the income of men.可以 有以下两种变形:

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? ①Despite their increasing representation in the work
force,women have failed to approach the income of men. ②Women,despite their increasing representation in the work force,have failed to approach the income of men. ? 通过介词的介入,语义的转折清晰可辨,将女性不能同工 酬的命运表达得 ? 明明白白。读者还可以注意到介词短语位置的变动可以增 添句子表达的多元化,同样可以达到添光增彩的效果。

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? 2.关系代词的应用,关系代词的应用可以避免不必要的重 复,同时又能起到明确关系的作用。如描述下列概念时, ? The Cro Magnons developed a spear device.The spear

throwing

throwing device improved the range throwing

of their weapons by 30 yards.
? 由于代词which的使用将分散在两个句中spear device合二为一,句子比原来更紧凑,更直接地表达了发

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? 英语关系代词有which,who,whom,that以及whose,而由 这些关系词引导的句子称之为关系从句。在写作中使用什

么样的代词取决于关系代词替代的是怎样的名词。一般而
言,which替代表示事与物的名词,如以上例句的which, 而who则替代表示人的名词,例如在组合下列单句练习中, 可以使用who

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? The man showed the woman into a car. ? The man was fat.The man had a strange voice.可以变形 ? The fat man who had a strange voice showed the woman into a car. ? 此外whom也是替代表示人的名词,与who不同的是, whom在关系从句中起着宾语的作用,而who常起着主语 的作用,如上一句中的who ? The women support the Equal Rights Amendment. ? Gloria Steinen addressed the women. ? The women who Gloria Steinen addressed support the Equal Rights Amendment.

? 上述一组关系代词中,that是个多才多艺的关系代词,它 既可指人又可指物。假如以上两句的which和who均可由 that ? The Cro Magnons developed a spear throwing device that improved the range of their weapons by 30 yards.

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? The fat man that had a strange voice showed the woman into a car. ? Whose ? The policeman picked up the child.The child broken. s arm was

? The policeman picked up the child whose arm was broken. ? 当然,在使用关系代词时需要区分限制与非限制的差异。

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? ①The governors who took bribes from construction companies misused the public trust. ? ? ②The governors,who took bribes from construction companies,misused the public trust. ? 州长们辜负了公众对他们的信任,因为他们接受了建筑公

? 这两句中,前者为限制性从句,意味着只有部分州长接受 了贿赂并因此辜负了公众们对他们的信任,后者为非限制 性从句,其内在含义是所有的州长均接受了贿赂,并因此 ? 上述系列例句表明关系代词的使用可以有效地将多个本来 由单句表达的概念根据主次、轻重组合在一句中,从而增 加了句子的厚度,句子显得更生动、更有力,同时更干练 准确。

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? 3.合并句子,删除赘句 ? 初学英语写作的人,写出来的文章较为松散(loose),

缺乏缜密感和紧凑感。其原因是缺乏删除赘词的意识和勇
气。实际上,这种松散的作品读者并不感兴趣,因此需要 大胆合并句子,删除一些可有可无的赘词。除了上述采用

关系代词方法之外,英语中的同位语(appositive)是说
明与阐明与阐述名词较有效、较经济的方法。比较下列句 子:A brief visit to Greece gives you a profound

sense of the roots of our civilization.
? Greece is modern gateway to the glory of the past.

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? ①Even a brief visit to Greece,which is a modern gateway to the glory of the past,

gives you a profound sense of the roots of
our civilization,

? ②Even a brief visit to Greece,a modern gateway
to the glory of the past,gives you a profound sense of the roots of our civilization.

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? 显然,①句中的关系代词引导的从句仿佛读者需要停顿下
来仔细琢磨一番,而②句中的同位语简洁明了,虽是一笔 带过,却是恰到好处,既告知读者“希腊是开启辉煌历史 殿堂的现代大门”这一基本信息,又没有妨碍读者对主句 信息的获取。另外,①句使用which有引起概念模糊之嫌,

which是替代a brief visit还是替代Greece呢?而同位语则
很好地解决了这一问题。同位语的原义是紧贴着某个名词 的词。因此,①中的which is 在这里是多余的赘词。读者 可以再比较一下下列

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? ? She is an excellent,all round student with a congenial

personality.
? She is a promising candidate for WOW. ? WOW is a international scholarship program for outstanding women around the world.可以改变句式为: ①Since she is an excellent,all round student with a congenial parsonality,she is a promising candidate for WOW,which is on international scholarship program for outstanding women around the world.

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? ②An excellent all round student with a congenial personality,she is a promising for WOW,an

international scholarship program for
outstanding women around the world.

? ②句中,不仅仅在篇幅上更简洁了,而且在语义
表达上也体现出了有效的原则,给人一种利利索 索的感觉,这样的句子正是我们要学习使用的。

高考总复习.人教版.英语

随堂练习
? 假设你班在举行英文辩论会,讨论教辅书的问题。请

现状 优点 建议

教辅书深受学生欢迎,在学生生活中扮演 重要角色 能帮助学生复习、总结、巩固、指导,好 的教辅书犹如老师一样有帮助 不能依赖教辅书,因为学习主要靠自己, 也有质量低劣的教辅书

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? 范文赏读
? Coaching books are now very popular among middle school students,and they are playing an important role in our school life. ? Coaching books can help us review,summerize and consolidate what we learned before,and they can also guide us how to learn in future.Good coaching books are just like good teachers,which are a great help to us learning.

? However,we cannot depend too much on coaching books,because the best way of learning is to learn by ourselves.What’s more,some coaching books are in poor quality,so we need to choose and judge by ourselves.

高考总复习.人教版.英语

疑难句型

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? 考点21. ? ? ? Not only was everything he had taken away from him,but also his German citizenship was taken away. ? 不仅他拥有的一切被拿走了,就连他的德国国籍也被取消 not only...,but also...(前一分句倒装,后一分句不倒装, also

? They suggested not only should we attend the party but also give a performance.
? 他们建议我们不仅要参加晚会,还要进行表演。

高考总复习.人教版.英语

? 考点22.
? neither,nor ? 例句 ? Why didn’t you buy the jacket? ? Neither was the price satisfactory,nor did the color agree

with me.
? ? I don’t like him,nor do I care about him. ?

高考总复习.人教版.英语






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