2005 年全国著名重点中学领航高考冲刺试卷 英 语(第二模拟 第二模拟) 第二模拟
本试卷分第一卷(选择题)和第二卷(非选择题)两部分。共 150 分。考试时间 120 分钟。 第一卷(三部分，共 115 分) 第一部分 听力(共两节，满分 30 分) 第一节(共 5 小题；每小题 1．5 分，满分 7．5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的
A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和 阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. How many students visited the Great Wall? A. All the students. B. Ten students. C. About six. 2. Where is the railway station? A. It lies to the east of the city. B. It lies to the east of the zoo. C. It lies to the west of the zoo. 3. What may SARS possibly be? A. It may be a person' s name. B. It may be a kind of disease. C. It possibly refers to sightseeing. 4. Where does the conversation possibly take place? A. At the railway station. B. At the airport. C. On the train. 5. What is the time now? A. Seven. B. Half past seven. C. Half past six. 第二节(共 15 小题；每小题 1．5 分，满分 22．5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个 小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 8 题。 6. What is the possible relationship between the two speakers? A. Strangers. B. Teacher and student. C. Friends. 7. What is the bad news? A. Meimei didn' t pass the exam. B. Meimei is badly ill. C. Meimei watches too much TV. 8. What does the man advise Meimei to do? A. Worry less. B. Spend less time watching TV and playing computer games. C. See a doctor right away. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 9 至 11 题。 9. What is the possible relationship between the two speakers? A. Classmates. B. Doctor and patient. C. Teacher and student. 10. Where does the conversation possibly take place? A. At the doctor' s. B. At the teacher's. C. In the classroom. 11. What's the possible reason for Alice's becoming near-sighted?
A. Reading in bed.
B. Reading on the moving train.
C. Wearing glasses.
听第 8 段材料，回答第 12 至 14 题。 12. Who is speaking to Mrs. Jim? A. A Japanese. B. A German. C. A Chinese. 13. How many days is Zhang Hua going to stay in San Francisco? A. A few days. B. Two days. C. Two weeks. 14. What' s Zhang' s room number at the hotel? A. 3100. B. 264.
听第 9 段材料，回答第 15 至 17 题。 15. Where does the conversation probably take place? A. In China. B. In the U.S.A.. C. In New York City. 16. With whom did the man spend most of the time on vacation? A. His grandparents. B. His cousin. C. His parents. 17. How long do you think the man stayed in the U. S. A.? A. Two or three days. B. About ten hours. C. At least five days. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 18 至 20 题。 18. What does the speaker prefer to do to spend the spare time? A. Stay at home. B. Go outdoors. C. Watch TV. 19. What are needed for a healthy body? A. Fresh air, sunlight and enough physical exercises. B. Sunlight, enough physical exercises and reading. C. Fresh air, enough physical exercises and enjoying music. 20. Which of the following is not the reason for outdoors activities? A. Take a lot of time and money. B. Meeting a lot of people. C. Spend too much time indoors.
英语知识运用(共两节 共两节， 第二部分 英语知识运用 共两节，满分 45 分)
第一节：单项填空 共 小题； 第一节：单项填空(共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填人空白处的最佳选项。 21. He spends a lot of time _______ the TV set. A. in watching B. on C. in front of D. to watch 22. He is looking forward to _____ what is happening over there. A. see B. seeing C. seen D. saw 23. When he got off the bus, he found his pocket _________. A. stolen B. picked C. gone D. missing 24. Is there a cinema around ________ I can see a film? A. that B. which C. where D. what 25. _______ nice, the food was sold out soon. A. Tasted B. Tasting C. To taste D. Being tasted 26. Not far from the club, there was a garden, ________ owner seated in the garden, playing chess with some friends. A. whose B. its C. his D. which 27. -- Do you smoke? -- _______ It's years since I smoked.
A. Yes, I do B. No, I don't C. Not too much D. A lot 28. -- I saw no more than one motor-car in that shop. Will you go and buy _______ -- No, I' d rather find ________ in other shops. A. one; one B. it; it C. one; it D. it; one 29. Living in a highly ______ society, you definitely have to ann yourself with as much knowledge as possible. A. attractive B. favorable C. communicated D. competitive 30. -- I can't find Mr. Brown. Where did you meet him this morning?' -- It was in the hotel ________ he stayed. A. that B. which C. where D. when 31. In my opinion, all Mr. White ________ good to his students in his class at present. He is very strict in their study. A. does does does B. does do do C. does does do D. did do does 32. A student _________ his family lots of money for education. A. spends B. costs C. takes D. pays 33. Under good treatment, Linda is beginning to ________ and will soon recover. A. pick up B. pick out C. turn up D. show up 34. Who is it up __________ decide whether to go or not? A. to to B. to C. for to D. to for 35. Jenny worked hard before the final examination, and it _______ . She got an A. A. showed off B. paid off C. put off D. took off
第二节：完形填空 共 小题； 第二节：完形填空(共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分)
阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 36—55 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中， 选出最佳选项。 "Long time no see" is a very interesting sentence. When I first read this sentence from an American friend's email, I laughed. I thought it was a perfect 36 of Chinglish. Obviously, it is a word-by-word literal translation of the Chinese greetings with a 37 English grammar and structure! Later on, my friend told me that it is a standard American . I was too thrilled to believe her. Her words could not 39 me at all. So I did a 40 38 on google, com. To my surprise, there are over 60 thousand web pages 41 "Long time no see". This sentence has been 42 used in emails, letters, newspapers, movies, books, or any other possible place. Though it is 43 informal, it is part of the language that Americans use daily. 44 , if you type this phrase in Microsoft Word, the 45 will tell you that the grammar needs to be corrected. Nobody knows the 46 of this Chinglish sentence. Some people believe that it came from Charlie Chan' s movies. In 1930s, Hollywood moviemakers successfully 47 a world wide famous Chinese detective named "Charlie Chan" on wide screens. Detective Chan liked to teach Americans some Chinese wisdom 48 quoting Confucius. "Long time no see" was his trademark. Soon 'after Charlie Chan, "Long time no see" became a 49 phrase in the real world 50 the popularity of these movies. Some people 51 America to a huge melting pot (大熔炉). All kinds of culture are 52 in the pot together, and they 53 the color and taste of each other. American Chinese, though a minority ethnic group in the United States, is also 54 some changes to the stew! Language is usually the first thing to be 55 in the mixed pot.
36. A. example 37. A. damaged 38. A. custom 39. A. persuade 40. A. job 41. A. containing 42. A. widely 43. A. lots of 44. A. Unfortunately 45. A. hardware 46. A. use 47. A. created 48. A. by 49. A. ordinary 50. A. in spite of 51. A. compare 52. A. joined 53. A. improve 54. A. owing 55. A. influenced
B. sign B. perfected B. greeting B. encourage B. research B. printing B. hardly B. plenty of B. Luckily B. software B. origin B. published B. in B. rare B. as to B. add B. mixed B. change B. putting B. mentioned
C. word C. learned C. habit C. convince C. survey C. publishing C. seldom C. lots of C. Ironically C. operator C. expression C. did C. with C. modem C. thanks to C. join C. compiled C. lower C. taking C. used
D. change D. mined D. proverb D. believe D. search D. expressing D. deeply D. sort of D. Suddenly D. speaker D. meaning D. discovered D. of D. popular D. but for D. owe D. done D. promote D. contributing D. considered
阅读理解(共 小题； 第三部分 阅读理解 共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分)
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项。 A Most of us are used to seasons. Each year, spring follows winter, which follows autumn, which follows summer, which follows spring. And winter is colder than summer. But the earth goes through temperature cycles over much longer periods than those that we experience. Between 65,000 and 35,000 years, the planet was much colder than it is now. During that time the temperature also changed a lot, with periods of warming and cooling. Ice melted during the warm periods, which made sea levels rise. Water froze again during the cold periods. A new study from Switzerland, sheds light on (使某事清楚明白地显示出来) where ice sheets (冰川) inched during the ice age. It now seems that the ice melted at both ends of the earth, rather than just in either northern or southern regions (区域). This surprised the researchers from the University of Bern (伯恩大学). Scientists have long assumed (假设) that most of the ice that melted was in the Northern hemisphere (半球) during the 30,000-year long ice age. That belief was held because the North Pole is surrounded by land, while the South Pole is surrounded by the Antarctic Ocean. It is easier for ice sheets to grow on land. If surrounded by sea the ice can easily just slip into the ocean instead of building up. The researchers used a computer model to look at ways the ice could melt and how it might affect sea levels. They compared these results to evidence (证据) of how temperatures and currents actually changed during that time. The model showed that if it was only in the Northern hemisphere that ice melted, there would have been a bigger impact (影响) on ocean currents (洋流) and sea temperatures than what actually happened. Studies suggest that melting just in the Southern hemisphere would have been impossible, too. The only reasonable conclusion, the scientists could make, was that ice melted equally in the North and the South.
It is still a mystery (神秘的事物) as to what caused the temperature changes that caused the ice to melt. 56. The North Pole is surrounded by land, while the South Pole is surrounded by the Antarctic Ocean. So scientists thought that __________. A. most of the ice melted in the Northern hemisphere B. most of the ice melted in the Southern hemisphere C. The North Pole is colder than South Pole D. The South Pole is colder than North Pole 57. We can infer from the passage _________. A. the ice can easily just slip into the ocean B. volcanoes caused the ice to melt C. melting just in the Northern hemisphere would have been impossible D. researchers often use the computer models to help their research work 58. The scientists are not sure ________. A. how long the ice age lasted B. where ice sheets melted during the ice age C. what caused the temperature changes D. what the earth is made up of 59. Which of the following is the best title? A. A computer model. B. Studies show ice melted equally in the North and the South during the ice age. C. Most of the ice melted in the Northern hemisphere (半球) during the 30,000-year long ice age. D. A survey result. B New York's streets were covered by people dressed in elephant costumes (服装) and others waving anti-war posters with pictures of US President George W. Bush on them last week. But this was no carnival (狂欢节) -- it was the Republican Party' s National Convention (共和党全国 大会) , which attracted thousands of protestors (抗议者). It was the largest protest ever at a US political convention, with at least 120,000 people marching through Manhattan on August 29. They demanded that the US leave Iraq and a new president be chosen. The Republicans say the opposition -- Democrat Party (民主党) encouraged the people on to the streets. They believe it is a Democratic move to help win presidential election, to be held on November 2. The election is described as "the decisive battle between donkey and elephant". The two animals are the symbols of the two major political parties in the US. The elephant represents (象征) the Republicans, whose candidate (候选人), President George W. Bush, is trying to defeat the donkey to win his second term. The donkey represents the Democrats, whose candidate, John Kerry, is trying to kick the elephant out of the White House. Republicans think the elephant is powerful and clever, but the Democrats argue it is stupid and conservative (守旧的). In return, the Republicans regard the donkey as stubborn (倔强的) and silly but the Democrats say it is humble, plain, smart and courageous. The Republicans have been sending emails to Bush supporters and journalists with the header, "An Elephant Never Forgets" , said party spokeswoman Heather Layman. Elephants are known for their long memories. The emails suggest that Bush will keep his promises, while Kerry will not stick to his words. It is interesting that both symbols were created by a single person, Thomas Nast, a famous
political cartoonist of the late 19th century. During the election in 1874, Nast drew a cartoon, in which a donkey in a lion's skin frightened an elephant marked "Republican". 60. In the passage, the donkey stands for __________. A. the White House B. the Republicans C. the Democrats D. John Kerry 61. What does "kick the elephant out of the White House" mean? A. Drive the animal out of the White House. B. Drive President Bush out of power. C. Keep the elephant out of the White House. D. Insist on Bush's being elected. 62. In the eyes of the Republicans, the donkey is considered as __________. A. clever B. foolish C. polite D. brave 63. Which of the following in NOT true? A. The same artist created the two symbols. B. The emails suggest Kerry will not carry out his promises. C. "An Elephant Never Forgets" means that an elephant has a good memory. D. John Kerry is a Democrat. C A qualified doctor who rarely practised but instead devoted his life to writing. He once said, "Medicine is my lawful wife, and literature is my lover." Russian writer Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (契诃夫), was a great playwright (剧作家) and one of the masters of the modern short story. When Chekhov entered the Moscow University Medical School in 1879, he started to publish hundreds of comic short stories to support his family. After he graduated, he wrote regularly for a local daily newspaper. As a writer he was extremely fast, often producing a short story in an hour or less. Chekhov's medical and science experience can be seen through the indifference (冷漠) many of his characters show to tragic events. In 1892, he became a full-time writer and published some of his most memorable stories. Chekhov often wrote about the sufferings of life in small town Russia. Tragic events controlled his characters who were filled with feelings of hopelessness and despair. It is often said that nothing happens in Chekhov' s stories and plays. He made up for this with his exciting technique for developing drama within his characters. Chekhov's works combined the calm attitude of a scientist and doctor with the sensitivity (敏感) of an artist. Some of Chekhov' s works were translated into Chinese as early as the 1940s. One of his famous stories," The Man in a Shell" (《装在套子里的人》), about a school teacher' s extraordinarily orderly life, was selected as a text for Chinese senior students. 64. Anton Pavlovich Chekhov _____________. A. had a lawful lover B. was an illegal writer C. used to be a lawyer D. was a competent doctor 65. In 1880, Chekhov ___________. A. became a full-time writer B. studied medicine in Moscow University C. practiced medicine in his hometown D. published his most memorable stories 66. Which of the following adjectives can' t be used to describe Chekhov? A. Sensitive. B. Cool. C. Quick-minded. D. Warm-hearted. 67. Which of the following is the right order of the events? a. became a doctor
b. became a full-time writer c. started to publish comic short stories d. wrote regularly for a local daily newspaper e. entered the Moscow University Medical School A. ecadb B. dabce C. ecbad D. aecbd D A is for always getting to work on time. B is for being extremely busy. C is for the conscientious (勤勤恳恳的) way you do your job. You may be all these things at the office, and more. But when it comes to getting ahead, experts say, the ABCs of business should include a P, for politics, as in office politics. Dale Carnegie suggested as much more than 50 years ago: Hard work alone doesn't ensure career advancement. You have to be able to sell yourself and your ideas, both publicly and behind the scenes. Yet, despite the obvious rewards of engaging in office politics—a better job, a raise, praise — many people are still unable or unwilling -- to "play the game." "People assume that office politics involves some manipulative (工于心计的) behavior," says Deborah Comer, an assistant professor of management at Hofstra University. "But politics derives from the word ' polite'. It can mean lobbying(游说)and forming associations. It can mean being kind and helpful, or even trying, to please your superior, and then expecting something in return." In fact, today, experts define office politics as proper behavior used to pursue one' s own self-interest in the workplace. In many cases, this involves some form of socializing within the office environment -- not just in large companies, but in small workplaces as well. "The first thing people are usually judged on is their ability to perform well on a consistent basis," says Neil P. Lewis, a management psychologist. "But if two or three candidates are up for a promotion, each of whom has reasonably similar ability, a manager is going to promote the person he or she likes best. It' s simple human nature." Yet, psychologists say, many employees and employers have trouble with the concept of politics in the office. Some people, they say, have an idealistic vision of work and what it takes to succeed. Still others associate politics with flattery (奉承), fearful that, if they speak up for themselves, they may appear to be flattering their boss for favors. Experts suggest altering this negative picture by recognizing the need for some self-promotion. 68. "Office politics" ( Line 2, Para. 4) is used in the passage to refer to ________. A. the political views and beliefs of office workers B. the interpersonal relationships within a company C. the various qualities required for a successful career D. the code of behavior for company staff 69. To get promoted, one must not only be competent but _____________. A. avoid being too outstanding B. get along well with his colleagues C. honest and loyal to his company D. give his boss a good impression 70. The author considers office politics to be __________. A. unwelcome at the workplace B. bad for interpersonal relationships
C. an important factor for personal advancement D. indispensable to the development of company culture 71. It is the author' s view that __________. A. self-promotion does not necessarily mean flattery B. hard work contributes very little to one' s promotion C. many employees fail to recognize the need of flattery D. speaking up for oneself is part of human nature E A teddy bear from Cumbria is launching into space to raise cash for charity(慈善). Terence, an experienced traveller who has been to Iraq, will be the guest of honour on aviation (飞行、航空)legend Burt Rutan' s Spaceship One when it flies above Earth. The mission takes off from California on September 29, and on his return the cuddly toy will be auctioned off(拍卖)in aid of the North Air Ambulance Appeal(北部空中救护服务中心). Spaceship One is the world' s first private spacecraft, and is competing for a prestigious space travel prize. Chief executive of the Great North Air Ambulance Service (GNAAS) , Graham Picketing, said "flying officer" Terence had been handed over to the RAF six months ago and staff had been receiving postcards from him ever since. He said, "Terence was a fundraising idea that really took off. We have received pictures of him in a U2 craft, trying parachuting and even looking drunk and disorderly. When the RAF finally discharge him he will be a very rare bear indeed -- we just hope he does not burn up on re-entry to Earth." GNAAS, which needs charitable donations of more than ￡ 2m a year, has three air ambulances( 空中救护机). Peter Bond, spokesman for the Royal Astronomical Society, said Terence' s safety was not guaranteed. He said, "This is a new and experimental craft and this will only be the second time it has flown. During its first voyage it developed technical problems but hopefully they have now been resolved." Since May, Terence has spent time with members of 100 squadron (空中军队) based at RAF Leeming in Basra, Iraq, and at air shows with performing fighter planes. Spaceship One will fly 100km (62 miles) above the Earth's surface, just breaking through the planet's atmosphere. If it repeats the feat(技艺) inside two weeks, it will claim the $10m Ansari X-Prize set up to encourage the private space flight business. 72. Terence is _________. A. a real bear living in England B. an experienced astronaut C. an air force officer D. a toy bear 73. We can infer that ___________. A. after this space flight, Spaceship One will get the $10m Ansari X-Prize B. it is dangerous for a spaceship to re-enter the earth atmosphere C. Terence will be very safe on the flight D. Spaceship One is just an ordinary plane 74. Which of the following is TRUE of Spaceship One? A. Spaceship One is the world' s first spacecraft. B. The purpose of its flight is to collect money for the charity.
C. The purpose of its flight is to compete for a prestigious space travel prize. D. Spaceship One has never flown. 75. Which of the following is the best title? A. Teddy bear astronaut to lift off. B. Spaceship One to lift off. C. Space flight. D. The toy bear will be auctioned off.
第二卷(共 第二卷 共 35 分)
写作(共两节 共两节， 第四部分 写作 共两节，满分 35 分)
第一节：短文改错 共 小题； 第一节：短文改错(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行做出判断：如无错误，在该行右 边横线上画一个勾(√)；如有错误(每行只有一个错误)，则按下列情况改正： 该行多一个词：把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉，在该行右边横线上写出该词，并也用斜线 划掉。 该行缺一个词：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)，在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。 该行错一个词：在错的词下划一横线，在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。 注意：原行没有错的不要改。 Every child has his own dream. Every child hope to be 76. a adult. All of them think it is a good thing to grow up. 77. However, is it true like what they imagine. As a boy 78. who lives in modern times and in a modern city, I felt 79. greater pressure on me with the city' s development. 80. Although we seldom worry about money, but we still 81. have a lot of other such as competition among classmates 82. and expectations from parents. These experiences very 83. helpful to our future. But in the fact, they really give me 84. huge amounts of stress. Let' s have the encourage to face 85. these worries and try to solve them. 第二节：书面表达(满分 第二节：书面表达 满分 25 分) 请根据下列两幅图写一篇短文，短文内容应包括以下几个要点： ①妈妈阻止儿子去扶摔倒的女孩； ②儿子对于倒了的油瓶置之不理。 写作时要适当地发挥，语言连贯，要写出妈妈的惊诧，还要写自己对此幅漫画的感受和 观点。 词数：100 左右。
参考答案 听力部分 1—5 CCBAC 6—10 CABAC 11—15 ACABA 16--20 ACBAA 单项选择 21．C 此题易误选 A。如选 A，后面应为 He spends a lot of time in watching TV，而不是 watching the TV set。故 C 最佳。 22．A 此题易误选 B。如选 B，意义上(他盼望着看正在那儿发生的事情)明显不正确。正 确理解应该是：他往前面看去，想看一看那儿正在发生什么事。 23．B 注意动宾搭配：pick the pocket，steal the wallet。 24．C around 在此不是介词，而是副词， “在附近”的意思。where 引导一个定语从句，修 饰先行词 cinema。 25． nice 为形容词， taste 为系动词， B 故 系动词无被动形式， 所以用现在分词作原因状语。 26．A seated 是动词的过去分词，whose owner seated in the garden 实际上并不是一个句子， 而是一个独立主格结构，作伴随状语。 27．B 此题解题的关键是要正确理解 It's years since I smoked(我有多年没有抽烟了)，故选 B。 28．D no more than one 表示“只有一部车” ，只能买那一部，故第一空填 it；第二空表泛 指，故用 one。 29．D a highly competitive society 表示“一个竞争十分激烈的社会” 。 30．c 答句为一个强调句，并省略了部分句子成份，补充完整 It was in the hotel where he stayed that I met him this morning。 31．C Mr. White does 为定语从句，修饰 all。后面的 does do 是谓语动词的强调形式。 32．B 动词后面接双宾语，故用 cost。受 for 的影响易错选 D。 33．A pick up 在此表示“改善，好转”之意。 34．A 该特殊疑问句可还原成：It is up to somebody to decide whether to go or not．再就 somebody 进行提问，答案就一目了然了。 35．B pay off 在此是“使人得益，有报偿，得到回报”之意。 完形填空 本文为说明文， 讲述了跨文化交际中中关文化相互影响的语言现象。 文章第一段引入话 题 long time no see 表达式。第二段讲述作者考证 Long time no see 是个汉语式英语表达方式 的情况。第三段讲述了 Long time no see 的来历。第四段通过 Long time no see 的例子，进一 步引申语言相互影响的问题，说明美国是一个多元文化并存的国家。 36．A 作者认为 long time no see(好久不见)是一个很典型的中国式英语的例子。 37．D ruined 在此是“糟糕的”意思。 38．B 这是一个标准的美国问候语，前面 Chinese greetings 有提示。 39．C 她的话不能使我信服。convince 是“使……信服”的意思。 40．D google．com 是个网站的名称，作者在网上搜索 Long time no see 这个短语。 41．A 有 6 万多个网页包含了 Long time no see 这个短语。 42．A 从上文可以看出，这个问候语使用广泛。 43．D sort of 用作状语，意思为“有点” 。 44．C ironically 是“具有讽刺意味的是”之意。前面讲到这个问候语使用广泛，而 Word
软件却把它当作一个错误的句子来处理，前后意义转折。 45．B 按常识判断 Microsoft Word 是一个计算机软件。 46． 从后面的 came from 可以推断， B 前一句话的意思是 “无 人知道这个短语的来历” 。 47．A create 在此是“塑造(电影、文学形象)”之意。 48．A by“通过……方式”之意，在此作方式状语。 49．D 这些电影放映后不久， “Long time no see”在美国成了一个流行词语。 50．C thanks to“由于”之意。 51．A compare…to 把……比作。 52．B 各种文化在美国这个大熔炉里混合。 53．B 互相之间都进行改变(同化)。 54．D contribute sth．to…向……贡献出……。 55．A 在这个多元文化的大熔炉里，语言通常是第一个受到影响的。 阅读理解 A 本文为说明文，属科普类短文。介绍了最近一项科学发现：冰川时期的冰川融化是在南 北极均匀进行的。 第一段是相关背景知识介绍， 介绍了地球曾经历过的温度周期及冰川时期 的情况。 第二段介绍了科学家关于冰川时期的冰川融化的最新研究成果。 第三段叙述了过去 人们认为冰川主要是在北半球融化的理由。第四段记述了科学家利用模型得出新结果的情 况。第五段讲述了引起温度变化的原因还不太清楚。 56．A 细节题。根据 Scientists have long assumed(假设)that most of the ice that melted was in the Northern hemisphere (半球)during the 30，000-year long ice age．That belief was held， because the North Pole is surrounded by land…可知答案。 57．C 推断题。根据 Studies suggest that melting just in the Southern hemisphere would have been impossible，too．可知冰川只在南半球融化也是不可能的，故可推断出“冰川只在北半 球融化是不可能的” 。 58． 细节题。 C 根据 It is still a mystery(神秘的事物)as to what caused the temperature changes that caused the ice to melt．可知人们现在还没有找到引起温度变化的原因。 59．B 主旨大意题。根据主题句 ice melted equally in the North and the South 可知本文主要 讲一个新的科学发现：冰川时期的冰川融化是在南北极均匀进行的。 B 本文为记叙文，属新闻报道类题材，介绍了 2004 年美国大选的背景情况。作者从一个 细节引入主题：首先描述了共和党在全国大会期间的反战游行示威情况，然后切入正题，描 述驴象之争——民主党和共和党为争夺总统宝座而展开的明争暗斗。 最后介绍了驴象之说的 来历： 60．C 细节题。根据 The donkey represents the Democrats 可知，驴子通常指的是美国的民 主党。 61．B 推测题。把大象赶出白宫，当然指的是把布什总统赶下台来。 62．B 细节题。根据 the Republicans regard the donkey as stubborn(倔强的)and silly 可知，共 和党人把驴子看作愚蠢、固执的动物。 63．C 细节题。 C 本文为记叙文，属名人传记类题材，介绍了俄国著名作家契诃夫。文章首先对人物进行 概括性的说明：契诃夫是个很少行医的合格医生，也是一个致力于创作的文学大师。然后按 时间顺序简要介绍了契诃夫的生平。文章最后从写作内容、技法、作品等方面介绍了他的写
作情况。 64．D 细节题。根据 A qualified doctor who rarely practised 可知，契诃夫是个合格的医生。 65． 推断题。根据 When Chekhov eutered the Moscow University Medical School in l879(契 B 诃夫 1879 年进入莫斯科大学学医)，可以断定契诃夫 1880 年正在大学学医。 66． 细节题。 D 之中讲到了他的品质有： cool， sensitive (calm attitude of a scientist and doctor with the sensitivity(敏感)of an artist)， quick-minded (extremely fast， oftenproducing a short story in an hour or less)，但没有涉及到 warm-hearted 这方面的品质。 67．A 细节题。要求排列事件顺序。可用首尾定位法。第一个事件是：entered the Moscow University Medical School，最后一个事件是：became a full-time writer，故答案为 A。 D 本文为议论文， 主要论述了” 办公室政治／谋略” 的问题。 作者首先提出了文章的论点： Hard work alone doesn’ ensure career advancement． have to be able to sell yourself and your t You ideas，both publicly and behind the scenes．(要想得到提升，除了扎实工作之外，还要善于推 销自己，取悦上层，讲究办公室政治。)然后分析了讲究办公室谋略的好处，也剖析了有些 人不讲究办公室谋略的原因。 最后通过专家之口， 作者建议人们改变办公室谋略的负面形象， 有效使用办公室谋略，以便自己有更多的发展进步机会。 68． 词义猜测题。 B 根据 In many cases， involves some form Of socializing within the office this environment—not just in large companies， but…small workplaces as well． 可知， “office politics” 主要指的是处理公司范围内的社交人际关系问题。 69． D 细节理解题。根据 You have to bc able to sell yourself and your ideas，both publicly and behind the scenes．…It can mean being kind and helpful，or even thing，to please your superior， and then expecting something in return．可知，要想得到提升只靠努力工作是不行的，还得给 老板留下一个好印象。 70．C 推断题。根据 But if two or three candidates are up for a promotion，each of whom has reasonably similar ability，a manager is going to promote the person he or she likes best．It's simple human nature．可知，作者认为 office politics 是个人进步(提升)的—个重要因素。 71．A 细节理解题。根据 Experts suggest altering this negative picture by recognizing the need for some self-promotion．可知，个人提升并不—定意味着奉承。 E 本文为记叙文，介绍了为慈善事业募捐的泰迪熊特伦斯将搭乘”太空飞船一号”邀游太 空。文章第一句为主题句：A teddy bear from Cumbria is launching into space to raise cash for charity(慈善)，然后叙述了这个想法的来历，并分别介绍了泰迪熊的情况及”太空飞船一号” 的飞行目的及其它情况。 72．D 细节题。根据 on his return the cuddly toy will be auctioned off 可知泰迪熊特伦斯是个 玩具熊，并非真正的熊。 73．B 推断题。根据 we just hope he does not burn up on re-entry to Earth 可知，飞船进入大 气层降落时存在较大的危险。 74．C 细节题。根据 is competing for a prestigious space travel prize 可知， “太空飞船—号” 这次飞行的主要目的是获得一项太空飞行奖。 75． 主旨大意题。 A 根据主题句 A teddy bear from Cumbria is launching into space to raise cash for charity．可知本文主要讲“为慈善事业募捐的泰迪熊特伦斯将搭乘‘太空飞船一号’遨 游太空” ，故 A 最佳。 短文改错 76．hope→hopes hope 用一般现在时的第三人称单数形式。
77．a→an adult 以元音音素开头。 78．true→truly truly 用作副词，修饰 like 介词短语。 79．felt→feel 整个段落基本时态是一般现在时态。 80．√ 81．删去 but 从属连词 although 与并列连词 but 不能连用。 82．other→others others 相当于 other worries。 83．very 前面加 are 此句缺少谓语动词。 84．删去 the in fact 为固定用法。 85．encourage→courage 此处要求用名词形式。 书面表达 [写作指导] 本文写作有一定的难度， 主要体现在两个方面： 一是要正确地、 全面地理解漫画的内容； 二是通过分析漫画所反映的问题，得出自己的结论。本文属于半控制性、半开放性写作，学 生自由发挥的空间比较大。可考虑分为两个层次来写。第一层次描述漫画内容。通过观察图 画可以看出： 第一幅图母亲劝阻儿子扶起摔倒的女孩； 第二幅图儿子对倒在地上的油瓶视而 不见， ，第二层次谈谈自己对这种现象的看法。本则漫画反映的问题是不良教育对孩子的不 良影响，所以得出的结论是：大人应以身作则，教育孩子关心别人，爱护别人。 基本时态应为一般现在时，描述漫画时可用一般过去时。 [范文选登] Do you understand this cartoon? Let me tell you. One clay, the son wanted to help a little girl up when she fell over, but his mother stopped him and said, "Don' t do that, otherwise others will think it was you who knocked her down. "A few clays later, the mother was shocked at seeing her son just let the fallen oil bottle tie. She asked him why he didn't put it in place, but the boy talked back, "If I hall straightened the bottle up, you would have thought that I did it." I disagree with what the mother did in the story. I think parents should set a good example to their children. They should not only care for their children' s health, but their minds. They should let their children know it' s a pleasure to help others who are in trouble. We live in the society which is a big family for all of us. Everyone should do something good to build up our society, right? 听力材料 Text 1 M: I hear some students in your class visited the Great Wall. W: You are right. M: How many students went there? W: Only half a dozen. Text 2 W: Excuse me, can you tell me how to get to the zoo? M: You can take a NO. 111 Bas. W: Where shall I get off the bus? M: At the railway station. The zoo is to the east of it. It' s not very far, you can't miss it. W: Thank you. Text 3 W: Where are you going? M: I'm going to Hong Kong for sightseeing. W: Aren't you 'afraid of SARS? It's so serious and many people died of it in Hong Kong. Text 4 W: We can' t find David, he is missing ! The train is about to start. M: Don' t worry. Maybe he is buying some food at the shop on the platform.
Text 5 W: When is supper time, waiter? M: It' s at seven. W: We have to wait for half an hour before we have supper. Text 6 M: Hello, Meimei. W: Hi, Frank. M: You don't look very well. Do you feel sick? W: No. But I have bad news. M: Really? What is it? W: I failed the maths exam. M: You are very good at maths. How is that? W: I spent a lot of time watching TV and playing computer games. M: Oh, that' s too bad. Now you must be very upset. W: Yes, I am. M: I' m sorry to hear that. But don't worry too much. I don' t think your teacher will think little of you because of that. Spend more time on maths and you'll get better scores. W: Yes. Thank you. Text 7 M: What are you looking for, Alice? W: I' m looking for my pen, Mike. I can' t see my pen. M: It's here, on the desk. W: I' m sorry. But I' m getting so near-sighted. I' m afraid I have to wear glasses. M.. Your eyesight used to be very good, why? W: Recently I have formed the habit of reading in bed. sometimes I read on the moving bus. M: Alice, you should pay attention to the care of your eyes. You should get rid of the bad reading habit. What's more, you should relax your eyes as often as possible. W: Thank you, Mike. Text 8 W: Hello ! W: He's not here at the moment. May I ask who's calling? M: This is Zhang Hua speaking. I've just arrived in Los Angeles from China. W: Oh! Mr. Zhang. How nice! This is Mrs. Jim. I' ve heard Jim mention your name but we didn't know you' d arrived so soon. How many days will you stay in Los Angeles? M: About a week or so, And then I plan to go to San Francisco for a few days. W: Oh! Is there a number where I can reach you? M: I'm staying at the Airport Holiday Hotel. The number there is 646-3100. My room number is 264. W: When Jim comes back, I'll tell him that you're in town, and we must spend an evening together. M: That'll be very nice. W: When is it most convenient to call you? M: Anytime between seven and ten p. m, would be fine. W: OK! We'll call you. M: Then I'll be talking to you soon. Bye. Text 9 W: How was your vacation back home in the U. S. A.? M: It was great. All I did was to play and rest and have a ton of fun.
W: Where did you go? M: We went to the coast to see my cousin tot a couple of days. W: How is she now? M: Pretty well. And then we flew down to New York City. W: What did you do in New York City? M: We were actually outside the city. My grandparents have a vacation home there. W: You spent most of the time with your grandparents? M: Yeah. They always miss us. W: That sounds very good. You certainly look well rested. Text 10 With the development of science and technology, people have more spare time. But how do we spend the free time? I prefer to go outdoors and spend my free time in some different places and with some different people. The first reason for outdoor activities is that I have spent too much time indoors. Most of the time I sit in the classroom, listening to the teachers and doing my exercises. The indoor activities are too limited. Fresh air, sunlight and enough physical exercises are needed for a healthy body. So when I am free, I should go out. The second reason is that I want to have more experiences in my life. When you go out, far away from your daily life, you will meet a lot of people who are quite different from you. It will give you a lot of exciting experiences. However, outdoor activities will take a lot of money and energy. So if you have not prepared enough, having some amusement indoors is also a good choice, which may be much cheaper and easier to carry out. Reading some books and enjoying music are also very good.
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