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高考英语语法——状语从句


2015 年高三英语语法专题六

状语从句

高考英语冲刺总复习
第六讲 状语从句
状语从句有时间、让步、原因、地点、目的、结果、方式、比较、条件等九种。
1、时间状语从句 (1)as、when、while 的用法 ① _________time went by, the day became longer.

② Please don’t talk so loud__________others are working. ③ He fell asleep _________________reading. ④ Strike__________ the iron is hot. ⑤ __________ he is a child, he plays the piano quite well. (2)引导时间状语从句的连接词除上述外还有: till, not … until …, until, before, since ① Don’t get off the bus___________it has stopped. ② He waited for his father _____________it was twelve o’clock. ③ It will be five years _____________ he returns from England. ④ He has taught English for 10 years______________ he came to China. ⑤ It has been six years _________ we last saw each other. hardly / scarcely … when, no sooner … than, 表示“一……就” ① We had hardly got into the country _____________ it began to rain. ② He had _______________ arrived than she started complaining. ③ ____________had we got into the country when it began to rain. ④ ____________ had he arrived than she started complaining. as soon as,directly, immediately, instantly, the moment, the minute,the second, once,等,表示 “一……就” ① As soon as I finish it , I_______give you a call. ② ___________ you show any fear, he will attack you. ③ He made for the door ________________________________he heard the knock. each time, every time, , the first time, the last time, next time, by (the time) ① _____________he came to my city, he would call on me. ② I fell in love with her ________________ I saw her. (一见钟情) 2、让步状语从句 (1) although, while, though 与 as 可以引导让步状语从句, 不能与 but 连用, 但可以与 yet, still 连用。 ______________they are poor, (yet )they are warm-hearted. (2)even if 或 even though 引导让步状语从句,表示“即使”,“纵然”,用来使人注意下文所强调内容 的性质。 I’ll get there _________________I have to sell my house to get enough money to go by air. (3)no matter 后接上 who、what、where、how 等疑问词,也可以在这类疑问词后面加上 ever 构成 whoever、whatever、wherever、however 等。
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2015 年高三英语语法专题六 Don’t trust him, no matter_____________ he says. ___________breaks the law will be published. ____________hard the work is, you’d better try to do it well. 3、原因状语从句:because, for, as, since, now that 4、地点状语从句:where We will go_____________ the Party directs us. We will go to the place __________ the party directs us. 5、目的状语从句: so that, in order that, in case, lest, for fear (that) 注意:目的状语从句的谓语动词常与情态动词连用,不可置于句首。 ① He works hard ______________ he can pass the exam. ② He works hard ___________________ he can pass the exam. ③ Take an umbrella _________________________________t it rains/ might rain. 6、结果状语从句: so … that, such … that …,so that 注意:so + 形容词/副词 + that 从句;such + 名词 + that 从句。 ① He works so hard___________ he makes great progress in his studies. So hard _______________that he makes great progress in his studies. ② It’s __________a difficult problem that nobody can work it out. 7、方式状语从句:as, as if(though) ① Zhoukai did ____________ he was told. ② It looks ________________it is going to rain. ③ When you put the pen into a glass of water, it ________________ it were broken.

状语从句

8、比较状语从句:than, as…as, not so…as, the more…the more ① Tom is not __________ tall as John. ② He runs faster _______________ I. ③ __________________________________________ (你学得越多,知道得就越多。) 9、条件状语从句:if, unless, so (as) long as, in case, on condition that, provided/ providing that, suppose/ supposing 等 . ① You may fail the exam_____________________you work hard. ② You can pass the exam________________ you work hard. ③ I can lend you my laptop _______________________ you can return it before next Monday.

状语从句高考真题
1. I don't believe we've met before, _______ I must say you do look familiar. (12 全国卷 I) A. therefore B. although C. since D. unless 2. This restaurant wasn't _______ that other restaurant we went to. (12 全国卷 I)
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2015 年高三英语语法专题六

状语从句

A. half as good as A. when 4.—Look at those clouds!

B. as half good as C. as good as half B. than C. until

D. good as half as D. after

3. I had hardly got to the office ___ my wife phone me to go back home at once. (2012 全国卷 II)

—Don’t worry. ______ it rains, we’ll still have a great time. (2012 北京卷) A. Even if A. once A. so that A. While B.As though B. if B. no matter how B. Once C. In case C. after C. as long as C. If D. If only the airlines lower ticket prices. (12 上海卷) D. unless D. except that D. Until 5. I have a tight budget for the trip, so I'm not going to fly

6. One’s life has value ________ one brings value to the life of others. (2012 江苏卷) 7. ________ I always felt I would pass the exam, I never thought I would get an A. (2012 湖南卷) 8.It is hard for the Greek government to get over the present difficulties ____ it gets more financial support from the European Union. (2012 福建卷) A. if A. as A. when B. unless B. if B. where C. because C. unless C. before D. since D. though D. until 9. He smiled politely ______ Mary apologized for her drunken friends. (2012 山东卷) 10. A number of high buildings have arisen _______ there was nothing a year ago but ruins. (2012 山东卷) 11. — Coach, can I continue with the training? — Sorry, you can’t ________ you haven’t recovered from the knee injure. (2012 重庆卷) A. until another. (2012 四川卷) A. while 13.You can borrow my car A.unless A. as long as A. in case A. unless A. although B. even if B. when B. before B. although B.even if B. even though C. ever since C. so C.in case C. in case D. if only D. so that D. unless it is discovered, will create many economic D. as D.as long as D. as if I wanted to hire a car. (2013 北京) you promise not to drive too fast. (2012 江西卷) you lock yourself out one day. (2012 辽宁卷) B. before C. because D. unless 12. At school, some students are active ________ some are shy, yet they can be good friends with one

14. Leave your key with your neighbor

15. I took my driving license with me on holiday, 16. It’s much easier to make friends

you have similar interests. (2013 安徽) C. even though C. because

17. You must learn to consult your feelings and your reason ________ you reach any decision. (2013 湖南) 18. In the global economy, a new drug for cancer, possibilities around the world. (2013 江苏) A. whatever B. whoever C. wherever D. whichever
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2015 年高三英语语法专题六

状语从句

19. She says that she’ll have to close the shop ________ business improves. (2013 江西) A. if A. how A. Whatever A. since A. even if 24. A. As 25. A.Once B. unless B. what C. when C. after D. where D. However I came back from abroad. (2013 陕西) D. when D. before D. Once D. Since D. when 20. One can always manage to do more things, no matter ______full one’s schedule is in life. (2013 辽宁) 21. _________I have to give a speech, I get extremely nervous before I start. (2013 山东) B. Whenever C. Whoever B. until B. as if B. If B As long as C. before C. because C. Although C. Unless 状语从句语法填空 1. I had hardly got to the office ___ my wife phone me to go back home at once. 2.—Coach, can I continue with the training? —Sorry, you can’t ________you haven’t recovered from the knee injury. 3.—Look at those clouds! —Don’t worry. ______ it rains, we’ll still have a great time. 4. It is hard for Greek government to get over the present difficulties ______ it gets more financial support from the European Union. 5. A number of high buildings have arisen ____ there was nothing a year ago but ruins. 6. ______ I always felt I would pass the exam, I never thought I would get an A. 7. ______ hard you try, it is difficult to lose weight without cutting down the amount you eat. 8. You can borrow my car ____ you promise not to drive too fast. 9. Leave your key with your neighbor ____ you lock yourself out one day. 10. Mary made coffee ________ her guests were finishing their meal. 11. Tom was about to close the windows______ his attention was caught by a bird. 12. The old man asked Lucy to move to another chair _______ he wanted to sit next to his wife. 13. John thinks it won’t be long 14. Today, we will begin he is ready for his new job. 22. I have heard a lot of good things about you

23. He is so busy. He cannot afford enough time with his son _______ he wants to. (2013 四川) small, the company has about 1,000 buyers in over 30 countries. (2013 天津) we have enough evidence. we can't win the case. (2013 重庆)

we stopped yesterday so that no point will be left out.

15. ______ the police thought he was the most likely one, since they had no exact proof about it, they could not arrest him. 16. My parents don’t mind what job I do _________ I am happy.
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