2010～2011 学年度第二学期第一次调研考试 高三年级英语试卷
第 I 卷（选择题
-掌门 1 对 1
本试卷分第一卷（选择题）和第二卷（非选择题）两部分。共 150 分,考试用时 120 分钟
共 95 分）
英语知识运用(共三节,满分 50 分)
第一节 语音知识（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分；满分 5 分） 1. stays 2. receive 3. many 4. spare 5. belong A. horses A. repeat A. Germany A. require A political B. asks B. recognize B. man B. dialogue B. bottle C. useful C. recently C. private C. therefore C. joke D. lakes D. restaurant D. recognize D. temperature D. noble
第二节：语法和词汇知识（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分,满分 15 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 6. As is reported，the CPI（consumer price index）went up mainly because of ________18. 2 percent rise in food prices. A. /; / B. an; the C. /; the D. an; / 7. It was not until the boat was out of sight _____________ their hands. A. did they stop waving B. that they stopped waving C. they don't stop waving D. had they stopped waving 8.Is_______Qinghai--Tibet Railway plays an important role in China?s railway history the topic that you are coming to? A. what B. it C. this D. that 9. These old pictures bring to their mind the college days ＿＿ they spent together, life was hard but happy. A. when; whose B. which; whose C. which; when D. when; which 10. I?m anxious about what note he replace. A. took; of B. used; in Edinburgh，_______all over the world. A. lives; are well sold B. lives；sell good C. living; sell well D. living；are well sold 12. Have you ever felt your cheeks get hot, your palms sweaty or been afraid to____your teacher's eyes when they are about to call on someone? A. take on B. look into C. occur to
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in the back of his diary C. made; with
things to mend or D. kept; by
11. All the Harry Potter books by Joanne Rowling, a poor single mother_______ in
D. look up
13. The involved in starting a business are high. A. prices B. costs C. money D. charges 14 The plane departs at 8:00, so we may as well be at the airport______7:00 at the latest. A. by B. after C. till D. in 15— Do you have any problems when you ______ this job? —Well, I?m considering the salary and working conditions. A. offered B. will be offered C. are offered D. offer 16______and popular gives one a sort of feeling that nothing can replace. A. Being needed B. Having needed C. Needing D. To have been needed 17 I was much impressed by the great changes and fast pace of life in Shanghai ______ I came to visit this fantastic city. A. at the first time B. for the first time C. by the first time D. the first time 18 If you are traveling _______ the customs are really foreign to your own, please do as the Romans do. A. in which B. what C. when D. where 19 I intended to compare notes with a friend, but unfortunately ____ couldn?t spare me even one minute. A. they B. one C. who D. it 20.—Nothing wrong with it, ______? —No. Yours is a specially-built model. Drive carefully, though. A. is there B. does it C. is it D. has it 第三节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中,选出可以填入空白处的 最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 The letter was a great disappointment to me. It was from Holy Cross, the only school I really wanted to 21 . I scanned the page, “…. We had a great applicant pool this 22 … and place you on our waiting list.” 23 for me.
year. …We can?t offer spaces to
“What does it say, honey?” my dad asked, his voice full of “I didn?t get in, but I?m on the waiting list.” “Well, at least it isn?t 24 ,” he said brightly. “Yeah, but
25 , I don?t want to be on the waiting list; I want to be 27 ?.”
26 . No one
gets in off the waiting list. It?s a way of saying ?Thanks for “Then let?s go out there and tell them so.” “That sounds
28 , dad.” I said sadly, “It doesn?t work.” 29 myself in my room. However，my father?s advice kept 31 that he was
Upset and annoyed, I 30
in my head. I thought about it for a few days, finally coming to the
right. And the next day I seated myself across from Mr. Luis Soto, my admissions officer.
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“What can I do for you, Nacie?” he asked pleasantly. “Well, sir, I am here to tell you that I love this school and would love a here. I just wanted to tell you how much going here would dream college— and that I would use my time here to the best 33 32 to be
to me—it is my only
34 . I wanted to let you it.”
know that if you gave me a chance and reconsidered my application, you wouldn?t 35 The words had poured out 36 I could stop them or check their desperate tone.
Mr. Soto looked me over for a minute before he smiled broadly. “OK, that is the kind of thing we love to hear. Congratulations, you?re in.” It was so 37 and I asked, “I?m sorry?” 38 the best of this
“We want people in the class who want to be here, who will education. I?m glad you came to talk 39 Class of 2010.”
to me. I?m happy to offer you a position in the
The whole experience taught me a lesson: if you truly want something, never, ever 40 . 21. A. attend 22. A. everyone 23. A. trust B. study B. anyone B. pity C. admit C. someone C. anxiety C. restriction C. also C. accepted C. replying C. painful C. stayed C. showing C. agreement C. degree C. mean C. advantage C. refuse C. until
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D. visit D. no one D. curiosity D. rejection D. still D. permitted D. waiting D. practical D. locked D. reminding D. arrangement D. change D. stick D. result D. regret D. before
24. A. admission B. imagination 25. A. ever 26. A. recognized 27. A. writing 28. A. lame 29. A. enjoyed 30. A. saying 31. A. point 32. A. chance 33. A. refer 34. A. contribution 35. A. suspect 36. A. as B. again B. received B. trying B. reasonable B. comforted B. ringing B. conclusion
B. motivation B. turn B. condition B. disappoint B. when
37. A. unbelievable B. unforgettable 38. A. take 39. A. patiently 40. A. get through B. get B. openly B. give up
C. unbearable C. make C. carefully C. keep on
D. favorable D. receive
D. calmly D. try out
第二部分 阅读理解（共 25 小题。第一节每小题 2 分,第二节每小题 1 分；满分 45 分） A Although many Chinese students say that their knowledge of English grammar is good, most would admit that their spoken English is poor. Whenever I speak to a Chinese student they always say, “My spoken English is poor.” However, their spoken English does not have to remain “poor”! I would like to suggest that there may be some reasons for their problems with spoken English. First, they fail to find suitable words to express themselves due to a limited vocabulary. Obviously the better answer is to expand their vocabulary. However, you can speak with a limited vocabulary, if your attitude is positiv e. Ot hers will follow you as long as you use the words that you know. Second, they are afraid of making mistakes. Sometimes they make mistakes when they are speaking because they are shy and nervous. Yet students should remember that their goal should be FLUENCY NOT ACCURACY（准确性）. Your aim in writing is to be accurate following the rules for grammar and using the right words and spelling them correctly. However, in speaking your aim is fluency. You want to get your message across ,to talk to someone in English ,as quickly and as well as you can ,even though sometimes you may use a wrong word or tense ,but it doesn?t matter because the person you are speaking to will understand you and make allowances for any mistake s he hears. The third reason is that not enough attention is paid to listening. You have one mouth but two ears! All that hearing was necessary for you to start speaking. Fourth, most Chinese students are reactive rather than proactive language learners. Instead of actively seeking out opportunities to improve their spoken English, they passively wait for speaking opportunities to come to them and wonder why their English always remains poor. If you have this proactive outlook, then you will see English opportunities wherever you go.
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I f you do not use your English beyond the classroom, you will forget what English you know. Remember: USE IT OR LOSE IT! You can learn how to speak English better by speaking English more. 41．It can be inferred from the third paragraph that _______________. A．don?t be fluency . Just be accuracy B．don?t be nervous ,don?t be shy . Just wr ite! C．don?t be afraid of making mistakes . Just speak! D．don?t be shy ,don?t be fluency. Just listen and write! 42．The last paragraph is possibly close to the meaning of “ A．more hurry, less speed C．silence is gold B．better late than never D．practice makes perfect ”.
43．The text is most probably taken from a__________. A．teacher?s diary B．report on study C．sports newspaper D．movie magazine B Terraforming (Earth-forming) other planets, also known as planetary engineering (行星工 程), seems like a task still centuries away for mankind to accomplish. However, it is a vigorous topic that attracts both popular and scientific interest. Why should the possibility of terraforming other planets be studied when it may be centuries before we know enough to even decide if it?s a good idea? Mankind is getting more and more hard facts about other planets. The atmosphere of Venus has been explored; robots have surveyed the surface of Mars; Mercury, Jupiter and Saturn have been studied by spacecraft. Speculations have been answered; new questions have been raised, and enough hard data is right now becoming available to allow us to make the first attempt of planetary engineering. In the past, people with excellent ideas about terraforming have kept them to themselves, or buried them in a desk drawer because they did not realize that anyone else was interested. But now, a wide circle of people has begun to do this kind of work. For instance, NASA funded a project on transforming Mars. There are several strong reasons which demand that the possibilities of terraforming be studied carefully. First, it?s an exciting idea of a possible future for human beings. Such thinking has a valuable role in providing options for our future directions. Secondly, the techniques of terraforming will also help contemporary technologies in weather and climate control. Thirdly, such study may assist us in detecting any possible existence of extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI, The Search for Extraterrsstial Intelligence, 地外文明搜索)
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and alien (异己的) civilizations on other planets. Though the mission is far beyond our reach at the moment, we should at least keep our options open. Through debate and study on this subject, the possibility of rebuilding other planets to make them suitable homes for people may come true some day in the future. 44. According to the context, what?s the meaning of the word “speculation” in 2? A. The act of discussing something with a group of people. B. The act of studying and researching. C. The act of guessing without knowing all the facts about something. D. The acting of writing letters to a certain organization. 45. Why did people keep the idea of terraforming to themselves in the past? A. They thought no one else would show interest in the idea. B. They gradually came to find the idea crazy. C. They thought the idea would never come true. D. They had few resources for further study on this topic. 46. Which is NOT the reason to support the study of terraforming? A. Even if we don?t succeed in terraforming, such study may help us to better understand technologies such as climate and weather control. B. Such study may explore a new direction of development for human beings. C. Such study may enable us to find the lives on other planets. D. As the re sources on Earth are being drained, it?s very urgent to study how to migrate (迁移) to other planets. 47. What?s the main idea of the article? A. It?s highly possible that terraforming other planets will come true so we should increase investing in this program. B. Even if the idea of terraforming other planets may take centuries to realize, we have many reasons to support such studies. C. Terraforming other planets is the best option for human being?s future. D. More and more people are taking planetary engineering as their occupation. C If you really want to win the weight-loss battle, learn to strike a balance---not just on your plate, but also in how you spend your free time. A new study finds that people who spend more time in front of computers have a higher obesity (肥胖) risk, even if they think they get enough exercise during the week. This study found only an association between weight and computer use. “Is it that you become overweight because you use the Internet a lot, or is it that overweight people simply use the Internet more?” says Corneel Vandelanotte, PhD, postdoctoral research
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fellow at Central Queensland University. It?s hard to say. But one likely explanation, she adds, is that “people who use the Internet a lot also engage more in other sedentary (需要久坐 的 ) behavior, and that is probably the main cause of their being more likely to be overweight.” Formal exercise can only partly make up for all the time you spend sitting around. “If I go running three times a week for one hour, but watch TV the rest of my time, I will still be very sedentary, ” says Vandelanotte. “I might be fit, which is definitely a good thing, but it might also be that I?m still not spending enough energy on a daily basis.” It?s all about striking a balance between sitting down and moving around. Here are a few ways to keep computer time from undermining a healthy lifestyle: Set a timer for your computer use, television watching or anything that keeps you on the sofa. Set time limits that will allow you to enjoy the websites or TV shows you like, without leaving time for unnecessary channel surfing that keeps you off your feet. Be an active viewer. When you?re watching TV, spend at least some of the time doing something physical. 48. According to the study, too much computer use _____________. A. decides the weight-loss battle C. should be replaced by exercise A. often sit at home overweight people 50. In paragraph 3, Vandelanotte takes herself as an example to _____________. A. prove good health is important B. tell about her habit of exercise C. show how she makes good use of her spare time D. stress the balance between movement and sitting 51. What does the underlined word “undermining” in Parag raph 4 probably mean? A. weakening B. entering C. forming D BANGKOK --- The tiny island nation of Tuvalu has promised to do its part for climate change by fueling its economy entirely from renewable sources by 2020. The South Pacific nation of 12,000 people is part of a movement of countrie s and cities committed to going climate neutral. Since February 2008, 10 nations have promised to reduce their emission(释放)of greenhouse gases as part of a goal of reaching zero emissions in the next decade. None of these commitments alone is expected to make a significant difference in the fight to cut heat-trapping gases. But the moves can inspire bigger emitters(排放者) like the United States to take further steps to limit their carbon footprints.
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B. may cause users? overweight D. may cause you to eat too much C. tend to stay inactive D. are
49. In Vandelanotte?s opinion, the frequent users of the Internet___________. B. lack formal exercise
Climate scientists have urged rich countries to reduce emissions from 2005 levels by between 25 percent and 40 percent by 2020 to avoid the worst effect of warming. For its parts, Tuvalu hopes to replace the fossil fuels that are imported by ship with solar energy and wind power soon. Tuvalu already emits almost no greenhouse gases. But because of climate change, many South Pacific islands see worsening flooding. The country is just 10 square miles in size, with most of its land less than a meter above sea level. So far, Tuvalu has installed (安装) a 40-kiliowatt solar energy system with the help of Japan?s Kansai Electric Power Co. and Tokyo Electric Power Company. The Tuvalu government is working to expand the $410,000 project from 40 to 60 kilowatts, and will extend solar power to outer islands. “We thank those countries who are helping Tuvalu reduce its carbon footprint,” Public Utilities and Industries Minister Kausea Natano said. “And we look forward to the day when our nation offers an example to all--- powered entirely by natural resources such as the sun and the wind.” 52. According to the passage, the climate neutral movement ____________. A. will last a long time C. is a great success in the West A. Solar energy B. Wind powder A. it lacks clean power equipment C. Climate change affects its economy 55. What can we learn from the passage? A. It is impossible for Tuvalu to realize its goal. B. The world will see zero emissions in ten years C. Tuvalu imports technology to reduce emissions. D. Big countries haven?t started to reduce emissions. 56. The best title for the passage might be “__________”. A. Climate change threatens small island nations B. An island nation will only use green power C. Countries unite to reduce greenhouse gases D. island nations urge big countries to reduce emissions E People do love their pet s. Some people bri ng dogs into their families while others prefer cats. And then there are the people who love their spiders. Many spider-lovers like tarantulas (狼蛛) , big , hairy crea tures that don?t have venom(毒液). And because tarantulas are usually calm, some people even buy them for their children.
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B. was started by Tuvalu D. has no effect on big countries C. Imported fossil fuels D. Local fossil fuels B. it lacks enough natural resources D. it is under threat from rising sea level
53. What is the main energy source in Tuvalu at present? 54. For Tuvalu, the biggest trouble now is that__________.
If you?re considering taking home a tarantula, however, just think about the recent case of a 29-year-old tarantula owner in England. It may show why these spiders makes terrible pets. He had conjunctivitis(结膜炎) in his right eye. His doctors were puzzled because the swelling wasn?t responding to medicine. In a re cent study, the doctors reported seeing “fine hair-like projections (投影)” sticking out of the man?s eye. When told about his hairy eye, the man knew exactly what the fine hair-like projections were: tarantula hairs. In this study, the tarantula owner told his doctors about something that happened as he cleaned the spider?s home. He was trying to remove a stain when he saw the tarantula move. He turned to look at the spider, and the spider released a mist of hairs which hit his eyes and face. The doctors couldn?t remove the hairs, so they prescribe(开药) eye drops containing a strong medicine. After eight months, the man?s eye still wasn?t completely healed. In 1997, a report described three patients with “itchy, red eyes”. Guess what? These three people had crossed paths with annoyed tarantulas too. One of the patient?s eyes didn?t heal for three years. The other two were still experiencing pain in their eyeballs 2 to 6 years later. In 2003, a report told the story of a 14-year-old boy who had also received an eyeful of tarantula hairs and bee bitten. There?s no explaining why people love particular kinds of animals. But people who decide to keep tarantulas should be prepared to handle their beloved pets with goggles and gloves. 57. What made doctors puzzled when the tarantula owner went to hospital? A. Why the m edicine couldn?t cure his swollen eye B. How tarantula hairs could grow out of his eye C. How long his swollen eye might take to be cured. D. Whether he might lose his sight due to tarantula hairs. 58. This passage is developed mainly by ____________. A. analyzing causes and effects B. discussing interesting questions C. making reasonable suggestions D. providing examples and facts 59. The underlined word “goggles” in the last paragraph is probably a kind of___________. A. hat B. glasses C. mask D. shoes 60.This passage is intended to ______________. A. remind pet-lovers to protect themselves from pets B. warn people not to keep spiders with venom at home C. explain why people love raising rare animals at home D. tell people some ways to raise pets at home safely. 第二节 根据对话内容,从对话后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多 余选项。(涂黑 AB=E, AC=F, AD=G) Henry: What?s the matter? Fred: I don?t know. All of a sudden, the engine just died.
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Fred: No… No, it won?t start now. Henry: Could we be out of gas? Fred: No. I?m sure we?re not out of gas. Henry: Er, … I hope not. Check the gas gauge(表). Fred: Oh, oh! 62 Henry: Er, … So I see. Fred: I was sure that tank was half full! Henry: Obviously, it wasn?t. Well, … too bad! Fred: What time is it now? Henry: It?s five minutes to eight. 63 I am afraid we wouldn?t get to the airport on time. He?s probably looking for you right now. What are we going to do? Fred: 64 Henry: Well, … Let?s stand by the side of the road for a few minutes. Maybe somebody will stop and pick us up. Fred: 65 But this is a very busy highway, and I?m afraid nobody will stop.
A: It?s on “empty”. B: I hope so. C: Can?t you start it? D: we might be able to get a ride with somebody. E: Can?t you go on foot? F: Your brother?s plane landed 10 minutes ago. G: Yes, it is out of order.
第 II 卷 （共 55 分）
第三部分 写作(共三节,满分 55 分) 第一节 单词拼写(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 66. December is the t_________ month of the year 67.At last we came to the _______(一致)that we would set out earlier. 68. She has written articles for several women's （杂志） 69. She often ________(描述) how she narrowly escaped the earthquake. 70. She_______(划； 点燃) a match and lit the candles on the birthday cake. 71. The houses in the _________(中心) area of the city are expensive. 72. It?s going to rain. The dark clouds are _________(聚集). 73. The river was so seriously polluted that the water was not （可饮用的）. 74. The whole city was ________(美丽) lit up on the mid-autumn night. 75. I think I must make an （道歉）to her for not going to the party. 第二节 短文改错（共 10 小题；满分 15 分） 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误,对标有题号的每一行作出判断：如无错误,在该行右边横 线上画一个勾（Ⅴ） ；如果有错误（每行只有一个错误）,则按下列情况改正： 此行多一个词：把多余的词用斜线（﹨）划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。 此行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧）,在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。
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此行错一个词：在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。 注意：原行没有错的不要改。 For the final speaker here today, I would like to share you some of the conclusions of our research．We wanted to know that the Internet would become the most popular source of news for people．They have found that although the Internet has become increasing popular, the number of people which get news from the Internet 81．___________ compares to the radio or television is still small．While the Internet is a popular tool, it is still not as easily accessible 83．__________ as newspapers, television and the radio is, and due to the amount of uncontrolled information on the Intern et, people do not always trust the news they find it online． 85．_____________ 第三节 书面表达 (满分 30 分) 假如你正在参加学校举行的英语演讲比赛，就如何应对全球变暖这一话题发表自己的 见 解，号召同学们过低碳生活，为减少二氧化碳（CO2）排放做贡献。请就这一话题写一篇演讲 稿，陈述你自己的观点。 演讲稿应包括以下内容： 1． 节能减排，低碳生活，人人可为。 2． 改变以往的家庭生活习惯。 （如用电，用水） 3． 出行使用公共交通工具或骑自行车。 4． … 要求： 1． 词数：不少于 120。 2． 可适当增加内容细节，以使行文连贯。 3． 开头和结尾已经给出，不计入总词数。 提示：低碳生活 low-carbon life 碳排放 carb on emission 84．___________ 82．___________ 76．___________ 77．___________ 78．___________ 79．___________ 80．___________
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