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北京高考记叙文阅读试题分析及答题技巧指导


高考英语记叙文阅读

故事、小说、叙事散文、游记、传记、 新闻(消息、通讯、报告文学、人物 特写)等。 记叙文多按事情发生的时间顺序进行 记叙。有时采用倒叙、插叙等。

1. 没有文章的总体意识,读完只能回忆起个 别词汇、个别句子,说不出文章的情节。 2. 看完题目后不能快速定位到相关信息,不 能理解文章的主旨。 3. 有的同学读题后需要再次通读全文去找答 案;有的同学仅凭模糊的印象完成答案选 择,导致错误率较高。

1. 分析命题思路
2. 指导阅读策略&答题技巧

年份 篇目 2013 B 60.细节 61.细节 2012 B 60.推断 61.推断 2011 A 56.细节 57.推断 2010 A 56.推断 57.推断

题型 62.主旨 62.词义 58.推断 58.推断

63.推断 59.细节 59.写作顺序

十年仅考过一次

一般都会按照文章的脉络和故事发展的顺序层层推进。 10-14四年高考的记叙文都是在最后一两句话抒发作者的 情绪与感悟,可谓“一篇之妙,在于落句”。

1. 读标题,预测文章主题; 2. 读全文,抓住文章的6个要素,把握事件和情感 发展两条线; 3. 读题划定位词,快速跳读定位,放慢速度细研 究; 4. 读第一段或最后一段找文章中心(积极向上); 没点明的文章思考:这个故事讲了什么?它告诉 我们一个什么道理等。

以阅读文章为载体 练透解题技巧;夯实语言基础 课堂操作 Step 1 阅读并总结文体结构、做题技巧 Step 2 整理词汇,突破高频词,提高词汇量 Step 3 基础语言运用 1.词、句积累,提高写作能力 2.长难句突破,强化语法 Step 4 复习 1.复述 2.精读文章挖空回填,提高完形解题能力 3.…

[2010· 北京改编] Goldie’s Secret She turned up at the doorstep of my house in Cornwall. No way could I have sent her away. No way, not me anyway. Maybe someone had kicked her out of their car the night before. "We're moving house.'; "No space for her any more with the baby coming." "We never really wanted her, but what could we have done? She was a present." People find all sorts of excuses for abandoning an animal. And she was one of the most beautiful dogs I had ever seen. I called her Goldie. If I had known what was going to happen I would have given her a more creative name. She was so unsettled during those first few days. She hardly ate anything and had such an air of sadness about her. There was nothing I could do to make her happy, it seemed. Heaven knows what had happened to her at her previous owner's. But eventually at the end of the first week she calmed down. Always by my side, whether we were out on one of our long walks or sitting by the fire.

真题再现

That's why it was such a shock when she pulled away from me one day when we were out for a walk. We were a long way from home, when she started barking and getting very restless. Eventually I couldn't hold her any longer and she raced off down the road towards a farmhouse in the distance as fast as she could. By the time I reached the farm I was very tired and upset with Goldie. But when I saw her licking (舔) the four puppies (幼犬) I started to feel sympathy towards them. "We didn't know what had happened to her," said the woman at the door. "I took her for a walk one day, soon after the puppies were born, and she just disappeared." "She must have tried to come back to them and got lost," added a boy from behind her. ' I must admit I do miss Goldie, but I've got Nugget now, and she looks just like her mother. And I've learnt a good lesson: not to judge people.

56. How did the author feel about Goldie when Goldie came to the house? A. Shocked. B. Sympathetic. C. Annoyed. D. Upset. 57. In her first few days at the author’s house, Goldie __. A. felt worried B. was angry C. ate a little D. sat by the fire 58. Goldie rushed off to a farmhouse one day because she ________. A. saw her puppies B. heard familiar barkings C. wanted to leave the author D. found her way to her old home 59. The passage is organized in order of ________. A. time B. effectiveness C. importance D. complexity

词汇积累 turned up pulled away kicked her out of barking present restless. find all sorts of excuses for abandoning unsettled Eventually make her happy in the distance previous feel sympathy towards calmed down admit 时间过渡 during those first few days, at the end of the first week By the time… soon after… eventually 句子积累 No way could I have sent her away. And I’ve learnt a good lesson:not to judge people. she was one of the most beautiful dogs I had ever seen.

1. 我绝不可能送她走。 I have sent her away No way could _______________________. coming 2. No space for her any more with the baby _______ (come). had known (know) what was going to happen I 3. If I __________ would have given her a more creative name. must have tried (try) to come back to them and 4. She _____________ got lost,”added a boy from behind her. why it was such a shock when she pulled 5. That’s ____ away from me one day when we were out for a walk. that/ 省略 I could do to make her 6. There was nothing _________ happy,it seemed. 7. And she was one of the most beautiful dogs that/ _______ 省略 I had ever seen.

Goldie’s Secret

[2010· 北京]

present had unsettled air

kicked with abandoning called happy previous But calmed down

She turned up at the doorstep of my house in Cornwall. No way could I have sent her away. No way, not me anyway. Maybe someone 1._____ her out of their car the night before. “We’re moving house.” “No space for her any more 2.____ the baby coming.”“We never really wanted her,but what could we have done?She was a 3. _____.” People find all sorts of excuses for 4._____ an animal. And she was one of the most beautiful dogs I had ever seen. I 5._____ her Goldie. If I had known what was going to happen I would have given her a more creative name. She was so 6._____ during those first few days. She hardly ate anything and had such an 7._____ of sadness about her. There was nothing I could do to make her 8._____,it seemed. Heaven knows what had happened to her at her 9._____ owner’s. 10.____ eventually at the end of the first week she10.______. Always by my side, whether we were out on one of our long walks or sitting by the fire.

Shock good pulled away when restless raced off By upset sympathy at disappeared lost do That’s why it was such a 12.______ when she 13._______ from me one day when we were out for a walk. We were a long way from home, 14._____ she started barking and getting very 15.______. Eventually I couldn’t hold her any longer and she 16. _______ down the road towards a farmhouse in the distance as fast as she could. 17.______ the time I reached the farm I was very tired and 18.______with Goldie. But when I saw her licking (舔) the four puppies (幼犬) I started to feel 19._______ towards them. “We didn’t know what had happened to her,”said the woman 20.___ the door. “I took her for a walk one day, soon after the puppies were born, and she just 21._____.” “She must have tried to come back to them and got 22.____,”added a boy from behind her. I must admit I 23._____ miss Goldie,but I’ve got Nugget now,and she looks just like her mother. And I’ve learnt a 24. ____lesson:not to judge people.


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