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2015 高考英语考纲词汇表(最新归类整理和按字母排序) 一、 按大词(动词、名词)记忆
look 的常用短语: look up ? in 查找 look sb. up and down 上下打量 look back to/ upon 回顾 look upon?as 把? 看作 look forward to 期待 look through 浏览; 看穿 take a

new look 呈现新面貌 fear 的常用短语: in fear 害怕地 (be) in fear of 害怕 for fear of/ that 担心;生怕 concentrate 的常用短语: concentrate on 专心? concentrate one’s mind on 专心于? 类似的短语: fix one’s mind upon focus on put one’s heart into focus one’s mind on surprise 常用短语: in surprise 惊讶地 to one’s surprise 使某人惊讶的是 be surprise at/to do/that 对某事感到惊讶 表示“穿衣”的动作或状态的词和短语 1.表示动作的有: pull on put on dress dress sb 2. 表示状态的有: wear be in be dressed in have … on 常见表“喜欢”的短语和单词 like care for be attached to be keen on be fond of take delight in… trouble 的常用短语: have much trouble / no trouble (in) doing 在?有/没有困难 take great trouble to do 不辞辛劳做某事 put sb to the trouble of doing … 为难某人做某事 make trouble 捣乱 be in (great) trouble 惹麻烦;处在困境中 help sb. out of troubl 帮某人摆脱困境 end 的常用短语: come to an end??结束 put an end to 结束? on end 竖起, 连续 in the end 终于; 最后 end up (by) doing?以??结束 make both ends meet 收支相抵 表示“导致” 、 “由?引起”的短语: 1. 导致 cause sth. (to do) result in lead to 2. 由??引起 be caused by result from grow out of lie in 表“全力以赴”的短语: do / try one’s best spare no efforts to do take great pains to do go all out to do do what somebody can (do) to do do all somebody can (do) to do direction 常用短语: in (the ) direction of?.朝??方向 under the direction of ...在??的指导下 follow the directions 照说明去做 far 常用短语: far from (being)离??要求相差很远 far from +(a place)距离某地很远 far away 遥远 so far 到目前为止; 那么远

2015 高考英语考纲词汇表(最新归类整理和按字母排序)
as far as sb. knows/sees 据某人所知 by far (最高级前,比较级后)起强调作用 distance 常用短语: in the distance 在远处 from/ at a distance 从远处 keep sb. at a distance 于某人保持一定距离 It is no distance at all.不远 use 常用短语: used to do 过去曾经、常做 be used to doing ?习惯于?? be used to do 被用来做?? make good/ full use of 充分利用?? come into use 开始使用?? it is no use doing ?干??没有用 “出了什么事”的几种不同表达 What’s wrong with….? What’s the matter with…?What’s the trouble with…? What happened (to sb.) ? “众所周知”常用表达法: It is known to all that?主语从句,that 不能省 As is known to all,定语从句,置于句首 We all know (that)后接宾语从句 Everyone knows (that)后接宾语从句 , which is known to all.非限定从句,置于句末 表“同意某人意见”的常用短语: agree with sb. /what sb. Said agree to sth. approve (of) sth. in favour of sth. be agreeable to sth. be for sth. “不同意” disagree with sb./ what sb. said object to sth. disapprove (of) sth. be against sth. sign 的常用短语: sign one’s name 签名 sign to sb (not) to do sth. 示意某人(不)做某事 signs of … ??的迹象 would rather 与 prefer 的区别 1.宁愿做??而不做?? would rather do A than do B prefer A to B prefer to do A rather than do B 2. would rather 主语 + 过去式,表示“宁愿” eg. I would rather you came tomorrow than today. should prefer sb. to do sth./ should prefer 主语 + 过去式,表示“比较喜欢??” eg. I should prefer you not to go there alone. OR: I should prefer that you did not go there alone. trap 常用短语 be caught in a trap 落入圈套 be led into a trap 中圈套 set a trap to do sth.设圈套?? be trapped in sth.被?..所围困 grow 常用短语 in the grow of 在?.成长中 grow up 长大; 成长 grow rich on 靠?.. 变富 grow into 长成?? grow out of 由?..引起/滋生出 make 常用短语 be made up of =consist of 由??组成 make up for 弥补 be made from/ of 由??造成 make up 编造;组成;化妆 be made into 制成? make fun of 取笑; 嘲弄 make a living 谋生 supply, provide, offer 的区别: 1.表示“向某人提供某物” supply / provide sb. with sth. supply / provide sth. for sb. supply sth. to sb. offer sb. sth.

2015 高考英语考纲词汇表(最新归类整理和按字母排序)
2. 表示“主动提出做某事” offer to do sth. 3. 表示“倘使” 、 “假如” provided / providing that = on condition that =only if 4. 表示“满足需要”supply / meet a need. supply 的常用短语 in short supply 缺乏,不足 medical/military supply 医疗/军用品 supplies of?许多 lack 的常用短语 be lacking in sth. 在??不足 make up for the lack of 弥补??的不足 for/by/from/through lack of…由于?不足,缺乏 have no lack of 不缺 damage 的常用短语 do damage/harm to 对??有害 cause damage to 对??造成损害 ask for damage 要求赔偿 die of 与 die from 的区别 die of 表示“死于??病”或冻死、气死,或死于过度悲伤。 die of cancer/grief/hunger/anger/cold die from 表示死于外伤、事故、劳累过度。如: die from polluted air/overwork/sword thrust die 常用短语 die for one’s country 为国捐躯 die down 熄灭、平息 die off 绝种、枯死 die away 消逝、静下来 die a heroic death 英勇牺牲 threaten 常用短语 threaten sb. with sth.用??威胁某人 threaten to do?威胁做?? under the threat of?在??的威胁下 speed 常用短语 speed up 加速 at the speed of?以?..的速度 with great speed 迅速 aim 常用短语 take aim at 瞄准 reach an aim 达到目的 aim at 瞄准、针对 permit 与 allow 的区别 表“允许做某事”或“允许某人做某事”用法基本相同。 permit/allow doing sth. permit/allow sb. to do sth. permit /allow of sth 一般在独立主格结构中表示“时间、条件等许可” ,多用 permit Time/Weather permitting, I’ll drop in on her. allow 还可以表示“承认” 、 “考虑到” 。例如: 1. We allow him to be wronged. 2. will take an hour to go there, allowing for traffic delays. means 常用短语 by means of 通过?.., 靠?? by this means/ in this way 用这种方法 by no means/in no case 决不 by all means 用一切办法 keep 常用短语 keep up with 紧跟?.. keep sb. doing sth.让某人一直做 keep sb. from doing sth.阻止?..做?? keep off the grass 勿踏草地 keep to the point 紧扣主题 keep in touch with 与??保持联系


2015 高考英语考纲词汇表(最新归类整理和按字母排序)
mark 常用短语 make one’s mark 成功、出名 be marked with 标明 gain/get full marks for ??得满分 seat 常用短语 take one’s seat 坐下 have a seat 请坐 see/find sb. seated 看见/发现某人坐在?. be seated 就座, 坐着 seat oneself in/at/on 使自己坐在?? 部分 动词+ to + doing 的用法 look forward to get down to object to devote… to… pay attention to prefer…to… give 常用短语 give up 放弃 give in 让步\屈服 give off 散发出 give away 赠送、泄漏 give rise to 引起?? give out 疲劳、用完、散发出 fit 常用短语 be fit for 适合 keep fit/keep healthy 保持健康 be fit to do 适合于?.. fit in with 适应?? a nice fit 合身的衣服 ?fit sb.某人穿?.. 合身 reach 常用短语 reach an agreement 达成协议 reach for?伸手去拿/够?? within / out of reach 够得到/够不着 reach sb’s understanding 使某人明白 一 make a choice 做出选择 keep up with 跟上 赶上 keep pace with 与……同步 plenty of \a number of 大量 roll up 变成卷形 ; 卷 dress up 打扮;装饰;盛装 in one’s opinion 按……看法;依……的观点 have faith in = believe in play a trick on 开……玩笑;欺骗某人 to one’s joy\delight 使 某人高兴 take in 摄取;欺骗 call on 访问;号召;邀请 bring back 拿回;使恢复 day and night 日日夜夜 pay off 还清;付清 earn\make money 挣、赚钱 act out 表演;付出行动 a great deal of (修饰不可数)大量;许多 test on 在……上做实验 try on around the corner 即使来临;在拐角处 die down (声音)变弱;平息;消失 come to terms with 甘心忍受 take possession of 占有;占领 make up 组成;构成;占…… turn to 开始干;求助于;转向 go sailing 驾船航行;帆船运动 go camping 宿营 depend on 依赖;依靠 and soon = etc 等等 make fun of 取笑;嘲笑 make use of 利用 date back to\from 回溯;追溯到 be on good terms with 与……关系好 look on… as 把……看作\当作 regard…as , consider…as….think of… as… ahead of 在……前;更早 in advance get through 通过;度过;到达 tear down 拆除;推倒 pull down hold up 举起;拿出 make a face 做鬼脸 in order 整齐;按顺序= tidy divide… into… 把……分成 部分 focus…on 以……为中心 prevent…from… 使…...不……,保护……不受危险 威胁危害 keep….from stop … from protect …from manage to… 努力做成 try to do 词组短语: as though=as if;live trough 度过;经受住; all of a sudden=suddenly 突然

2015 高考英语考纲词汇表(最新归类整理和按字母排序)
knock about 漫游;on board 上船; calm down 镇静,平静 drawl one’s attention to 吸引注意力 at hand 在手边 advise sb. (not) to do sth. 劝某人(不)做某事 advise doing 建议做某事 wipe out 消灭,擦干净 take part in 参加 in harmony with 与……协调 the UN-Untied Nation 联合国 in case of 假使,以防 in the case of 在……情况下 a list of 清单 keep in mind 记住 free from 不受……影响 pay attention to 注意 contribute to 为……作贡献 =make contribution to in general 一般地,大体地 light up 照亮;使……放光彩 play with 玩耍;游戏 call up 召唤;使想起 fill up with 用……装 fall in love with 爱上…… relate…to 与……有关 go up 上升,增长 cheer up 使振奋;使高兴起来 put…together 把……结合成整体;装配 短语: set foot in 涉足; 到达 have an effect on 对……影响…… rely on= depend on come to life 苏醒; 复活; put forward 提出 aim at 旨在;瞄准 set out 出发; 上路 make a living 谋生 apply to 申请 in public 公开 cut up 切碎 benefit from 得益于; 受益于; all the way 一路上;一直 take advantage of 对……加以利用 give off 释放 a variety of 各种各样的 put in prison 把……投入监狱 set an example to/for 给 ……树立榜样 from then on 从那时起 start with 以 …… 开始 regardless of 不管; 不顾 at first sight 乍 一看 look into 调查 every now and then 不时地 get/be tired of 对…..厌倦 cool off 冷却; 变凉 take a chance 冒险; 碰运气 in vain 白费 insist on 坚持 put out 出版; 产生;扑灭 in turn 依次; 轮流 get round=get about 活动; 四处走动 get used to 习惯于 allow for 顾及;为……做准备 get stuck 困住 break away from 摆脱;脱离 be aware of 知道意识到 after all 毕竟 pay back 偿还 keep track of 保持联系 have mercy on 怜悯 as far as I know 就…..而言=in terms of at the mercy of 由 ……摆布/控制 lend a hand 帮助 注意 ; 宾语从句中用虚拟语气(should )加动词原形: 一坚持;insist; 二命令;order;command; 三建议;advise;suggest;propose; 四要求; demand;require;request;claim; 五渴望;desire;; 六催促、敦促; urge; feed 常用短语 feed sth. to sb/feed sb. on sth. 用??喂养?? be fed up of…/ be tired of…/ be bored with… 对??感到厌倦 feed on 以??为食 mercy 常用短语 without mercy 残忍地 have mercy on /upon 对??表示怜悯 at the mercy of 任凭摆布 beg for mercy 乞求饶恕 exist 常用短语

2015 高考英语考纲词汇表(最新归类整理和按字母排序)
exist in/lie in/consist in 存在于?? in existence 现存的 come into existence/ come into being 形成 opinion 常用短语 in one’s opinion =in the opinion of sb.在某人看来 have a high/ low opinion of 对??评价高/低 give one’s opinion on 对??谈自己的看法 persuade 常用短语 persuade sb. to do = persuade sb. into doing 说服某人做某事 try to persuade sb. to do 试图说服某人做某事 persuade sb. to sth. 说服某人同意某事 engage 常用短语 be engaged to sb. 与某人订婚 be engaged in sth. = be engaged doing sth. 忙于, 从事某事 wide 与 broad 的区别 它们均可以表“宽”和“广阔的” a river 50 feet wide/ broad 指身体部位“宽肩、宽背”一般用 broad, 表示 “睁大眼睛、张大嘴巴”一般用 wide。 broad shoulders/ back with wide eyes open one’s mouth wide wide 还可以作副词,表示“完全、大大地” be wide awake be wide open sure 常用短语 be sure of/about 对??由把握 be sure to do sth. 肯定会?? make sure + that-clause 务必??,一定要?? make sure of… 弄清楚?? experience 常用短语 have experience in… 在??有经验 be experienced in… 在??有经验 pain 常用短语 take great pains to do 努力做某事 spare no pains to do 全力以赴做某事 stick 常用短语 stick to sth. 坚持?? stick …on… 粘贴? be stuck in … 陷进?? stick no bills 请勿张贴 spare 常用短语 spare money/time for 省出钱?,腾出时间 in one’s spare time 在某人业余时间 spare no efforts to do 不遗余力去做 don’t spare the opinions 不要保留意见 put down 的不同含义 put down (one’s knife and fork) 放下?? pit down the rebellion 镇压 put down what sb. says 记下,写下 take up 的不同含义 take up a hobby 培养?? take up football 开始?? take up the work 继续?? take up…time/space 消耗,占据?? take up a post 就职 take up a song/ cry 跟着一起?? habit 常用短语 form/get the habit of 养成??习惯 be in/have the habit of 有??.习惯 get into the habit of 沾染了??恶习 get rid of the habit= grow out of the habit= break away from the habit 改掉了??习惯

二、 按小词(介词、副词)记忆

2015 高考英语考纲词汇表(最新归类整理和按字母排序)
l.动词+about speak/talk about 谈论 think about 思考 care about 关心,对……有兴趣 bring about 引起,使发生 set about 着手,开始 come about 发生 h ear about 听说 worry about 为……担心 2.动词+away throw away 扔掉 blow away 吹走 carry away 拿走,使入迷 clear away 清除掉,消散 die away 逐渐消失,减弱 pass away 去世 wash away 冲走 take away 拿走,使消失 put away 收拾起来,存起来 give away 背弃,泄漏,赠送 wear away 磨掉,消耗 break away 摆脱 send away 让走开 turn away 把……打发走 3.动词+back keep back 隐瞒,忍住 look back(on) 回 顾 hold back 控制住 give back 归还 call back 回电话 take back 拿回,收回 4.动词+for run for 竞选 ask for 要求得到 wait for 等候 stand for 代表,表示 long for 渴望 hope/wish for 希望得到 care for 关心,喜欢 beg for 乞求 search for 查找 look for 寻找 call for 需要,要求 hunt for 寻找 change…for 用……换 charge…for 收费,要价 apply for 申请 take…for 误以为……是 seek for 寻找 come for 来拿,来取 5.动词+down burn down 烧毁 break down 坏了,垮了,分解 take down 记下,记录 turn down 调小,拒绝 cut down 削减,砍倒 slow down 慢下来 pass down 传下来 put down 记下,写下,镇压 calm down 平静下来 bring down 使……降低,使倒下 settle down 安家 come down 下落,传下 tear down 拆毁,拆除 6.动词+at come at 向……袭击 shout at 冲(某人)嚷嚷 run at 冲向,向……攻击 work at 干……活动(研究) tear at 用力撕 look at 看,注视 stare at 凝视 glare at 怒视 glance at 匆匆一瞥 laugh at 嘲笑 knock at 敲(门、窗等) point at 指向 smile at 冲(某人)笑 strike at 向……打击 aim at 向……瞄准 shoot at 向……射击 wonder at 惊讶 call at 拜访(地点) 7.动词+from differ from 与 …… 不 同 suffer from 受 …… 苦 hear from 收 到 …… 来 信 die from 因…而死 keep/stop/prevent…from 不让…做 learn from 向……学习 result from 由于 date from 始于……时期 separate…from 把……分离开 8.动词+of think of 想到 dream of 梦到 consist of 由……组成 speak of 谈到 approve of 赞成 die of 死于 talk of 谈到 hear of 听说 complain of 抱怨 become of 发生……情况,怎么啦 9.动词+off start off 出发 set off 出发 leave off 中断 show off 炫耀 get off 下车 take off 脱下,起飞 see off 送行 ring off 挂断电话 put off 延期,推迟 come off 脱 落 , 褪 色 cut off 切断,断绝

2015 高考英语考纲词汇表(最新归类整理和按字母排序)
fall off 跌落,掉下 keep off 避开,勿走近 go off 走开;消失;坏了,爆炸,不喜欢 knock…off 把……撞落 break off 打断 pay off 还清 carry off 携走带走,赢得 get off 脱下(衣服等) give off 散发出 turn(switch) off 关掉 10.动词+on depend on 依靠 rely on 依靠 insist on 坚持 carry on 继续,进行 keep / go on 继续 spend…on 在 …… 花 钱 put on 穿 上 , 戴 上 , 上 演 call on 拜访 move on 继续移动,往前走 live on 以……为生 feed on 以……为生 bring on 使……发展 take on 雇用,呈现(新面貌等) try on 试穿 have on 穿着 pass on 传授,传递 look on 旁观 turn(switch) on 打开 11.动词+out break out 爆发 point out 指出 pick out 选出 figure out 算出,理解 burst out 进发 bring out 阐明,使表现出 carry out 执行,进行 help out 救助 hold out 坚持下去 set out 出发,着手,摆放 wear out 穿破,使??疲劳 turn out 结果是,生产,培养 make out 理解,看清楚 come out 出版,出来 cross out 划掉 leave out 省略,删掉 keep out(of) 使不进入,挡住 work out 算出,想出办法等 find out 查出,弄明白 give out 散发,分发,用完 try out 试用,试验 look out 当心,提防 put out 扑灭 speak out 大胆讲出 hand out 散发 send out 发出,派遣 run out 用完 go out 熄灭 let out 泄漏,发出(声音),出租 die out 灭绝 12.动词十 in give in 让步 hand in 上交 bring in 引进,使得到收入 drop in 拜访 result in 导致 succeed in 在 ? ? 获 成 功 join in 参 加 take in 接纳,吸收,改小 get in 收获,进入 break in 强制进入,插话 fill in 填写 call in 召集,来访 cut in 插入 persist in 坚持 look in 来访,参观 13.动词十 into look into 研究,调查 turn into 变成 burst into 闯入,进发 divide?into 把??分成 change?into 把??变成 put/translate?into 把??译成 run into 碰到 send sb to/into sleep 使进入状态 14.动词+over turn over 翻倒,细想 think over 仔细考虑 go over 审阅,检查,研究 look over 翻阅,检查 get over 克服 run over 压死,看一遍 take over 接管,接替 watch over 看守,照看 fall over 跌倒,摔倒 roll over 翻滚 15.动词十 to belong to 属于 object to 反对 refer to 谈到,涉及,参阅 point to 指向 turn to 向??求助,查阅 stick/hold/keep to 坚持,忠于 see to 处理,料理 come to 共计,苏醒 reply to 答复 get to 到达 bring to 使苏醒把??比作 compare?to 与?相比;把?比作 agree to 同意 write to 写信给 supply?to 为??提供 lead to 导致,通向 add to 增添 attend to 处理,专心,照料

2015 高考英语考纲词汇表(最新归类整理和按字母排序)
devote?to 贡献给 16.动词+up grow up 成长,长大 give up 放弃,献出 build up 建立 set up 架起、建立 put up 搭起,架起,安装,住宿,张贴,盖起 do up 整理,包装,打扮 go up 增长,上涨 get up 起床,站起 pick up 拾起,学会,用车,来接,收听到 bring up 抚养,呕吐,提出 出现 turn up 开大(音量等),出席 stay up 挺住,熬夜 take up 开始学,从事,占据 sit up 熬夜 eat up 吃完 use up 用完 tear up 撕碎 lay up 储存 make up 构成,组成 编造 弥补 cut up 切碎 join up 联结起来,参军 end up 总结 come up 上来,长出,出现 speed up 加快速度 throw up 呕吐 clear up 整理,收拾,放晴 look up 查找,找出 bum up 烧毁 catch up 赶上 hurry up 赶快 fix up 修理,安排,装置 keep up 保持 hold up 耽搁,使停顿 send up 发射 ring up 打电话 open up 开创,开辟 divide up 分配 break up 分解 17.动词十 through get through 通过,干完,接通电话 look through 翻阅,看一遍,仔细查看 go through 审阅,检查,学习 put?through 接通电话 see through 识破 check through 核对 pull through 渡过危机,康复 18.动词+with deal with 处理,对付 do with 处理,需要 meet with 遇到,遭受 talk with 同??交谈 agree with 同意, 与??一致 compare with 与??相比 combine with 与??相联合 equip?with 以??装备 cover?with 用??覆盖 begin with 以??开始 end up with 以??结束 supply?with 以??供给 provide?with 以??供给 play with 玩,玩弄 19.三词以上的短语动词 add up to 总计 break away from 摆脱 keep away from 避开,别靠近 do away with 废除 look down on 轻视 look up to 仰望,尊敬 put up with 忍受 catch up with 赶上 keep up with 赶上 run out of 用完 make up for 弥补 go on with 继续 get on(along) with 和??相处 look forward to 盼望 get close to 接近 take hold of 握住 get out of 逃避,避免 get down to 认真开始 set fire to 放火烧 pay attention to 注意 take notice of 注意 set an example to 为??榜样 do well in 在??干得好 pay a visit to 访问 take a photo of 拍??照片 take the place of 取代

三、 易混短语强化记忆
1. in turn 一个接一个地 in return 作为回报 I tried to do a good deed, but this is what I got in return, by turns=one after the other take turn to do sth.轮流做某事 turn secretary=become a secretary turn to sb ( for help ) turn up=appear

2015 高考英语考纲词汇表(最新归类整理和按字母排序)
turn out=prove to be / produce turn down 拒绝=refuse;音量调低 ;向下翻; 2. If she spent five years in Paris, how come she can't speak a word of French? 她假若在巴黎呆了五年,怎麽一句法语都不会说呢? come across 越过某处;被理解;偶然发现, 偶然遇到 come into being/existence 出现,开始形成,建立 come into use/service 开始使用 (无被动) come out 出来; 出发;出版;名列…; (总数等)达到(+ at/to) come to light 泄露(真相) ;被发现 cf. Your statement does not throw light on the subject. 并没有说明问题 come true 实现,变成现实 My dream has come true. 我的一个梦想实现了。 Cf. realize one’s dream reach one’s goal turn sth into reality come up 升起;走进;种子生长发育; 被提出 come up with an idea(突然)想出办法 3. go all out to do sth 全力以赴去做某事 =try one’ best to…=do what / all one can to… go beyond 超出;超出…的能力 go beyond one’s ability / imagination / control go in for 参与,参与(竞赛等) ;从事(某项工作) ;爱好,酷爱 go out (火)熄灭,过时了 cf. put out the fire(灭火) put off 推迟, 延期( put off the meeting ); put down the rebellion(镇压) go with 相配 (同义词 match / go along with) 4. keep in touch with 与…保持联系(指状态) get in touch with (指动作) keep up your courage 保持勇气,别泄气 keep up with 跟上 catch up with 赶上 5. look down upon/ on sb 轻视某人;鄙视某人/某物 look on /upon sb./sth. as 把...看作.(近义词组:regard…as; treat…as; consider…as/to be) look over 对…审阅;粗略地看;翻阅 look up a word in a dictionary 查阅… look through 透过…看(尤指空隙或透明物体等) ; (从头到尾)初略地翻阅 look up to sb 尊敬某人 look sb. in the eye 盯着 6. make oneself at home(如同在家一般)随便些,不必客气 make arrangements for 为…做安排 make a been line for 取捷径前往 make room for 让出地方,腾出空间 make the best of 充分利用 ,尽量利用 make the most of 尽量利用,善于利用 make up for lost time/ground 加紧努力补回失去或落后的时间 make oneself heard / understood 使自己被别人听到/听懂理解 make good /no sense 有意义/没意义 make tea/coffee 泡茶/咖啡 make for 有助于,使成为 Cultural exchanges make for mutual understanding. 7. put away 放好;收起来;把…放在原位;储藏 放弃 put aside 放在一边;抛弃;暂时不做;留出(时间),省出(钱) put sth. in order(使)整齐 put on weight 增加体重(lose weight 减肥,减少体重) put on your clothes 穿衣 take off your clothes 脱衣 put an end/stop to 制止,使停止,结束 cf. come to an end(某事)结束 end up with failure 以失败而告终 put up with 和某人住在一起;忍受,忍耐=bear / stand put through 做成,完成;接通电话 使通过考试;使经历(难受的事) 8. take sb. by surprise (出人意料地)攻占;撞见 take A for B 把 A 误认为是 B

2015 高考英语考纲词汇表(最新归类整理和按字母排序)
take sb./sth. for granted 认为…是必然情况,视为当然 take sth. into account/consideration 加以考虑;予以重视 take advantage of 利用;占…的便宜 take the opportunity of 抓住机会;利用(机会) take charge of 开始负…的责;看管;控制 take it easy=Don’t be nervous take your time 从容 Take your time. There is still half an hour left. take the place of 代替 cf. stand for 代表 take on a new look 呈现新面貌 take off 脱下,起飞 take on sb 雇用 =employ sb=hire sb take in fresh air=absorb take up 占据(时间,地方);从事于 take up space / much time take up a city 攻占城市 take up arms (against)拿起武器反对…,武装起来与…作对 take over 接管,接替 9. turn down 拒绝;音量调低 ;向下翻; turn out 制造出,生产出,培养出;结局是,结果是;原来是 It turns out that 知道是…,结果证明是 It is one's turn to do sth 轮到某人做某事 turn over a new leaf 重新生活,改过自新 turn in sth to sb 上交 10. not a little=much not a bit=not at all=not in the least ---Are you hungry? ---Not a little. I could eat a horse. 11. break away from(the Union )脱离(联邦) get rid of bad habit 去掉 do away with 废除 12. drop in at a place drop in on ab 顺便拜访 13. due to=caused by The accident was due to careless driving. owing to=because of Owing to the rain they could come. thanks to=as a result of Thanks to your help we were successful. 14. feel like doing=would like to do… 15. figure out=imagine=work out make out 辩认,拼凑 16. have a gift for=be talented at 17. in short 简言之 in a word 一句话 18. knock into sb=happen to meet sb cf. knock sb down 撞倒 19. let out a cry of surprise= cry out 20. It is no wonder that … There is no doubt that … 21. on show 在展出 cf. show off one new clothes 炫耀 22. out of order=in a mess / sth goes wrong in (good) order 23. pick up sb 开车去接 pick out=choose 24. run short of run out of=use up Our supplies have run short(不用被动语态)=We have run short of supplies. 25. run for 竞选 call for=need send for a doctor=ask sb to go to fetch a doctor apply for the position 申请 run into sb=(suddenly) see sb 撞上/碰到 26. set about to do sth=set out to do sth 27. burst out laughing carry out a plan 执行 The war broke out in late autumn. His shoes were worn out. wear out 穿破 28. cut down the price 削减 cut off electricity 切断

2015 高考英语考纲词汇表(最新归类整理和按字母排序)
29. call off a meeting=not hold …取消 see sb off at the airport 送行 set off for the first destination 30. break in 打断/插入 be engaged in 从事 31. reply to sb=answer sb stick to sth / to doing sth see to sb=take care of sb take to 开始, 喜欢, 沉溺于, 走向, 照料, 求助于, 适应 take to gardening when one retires take to drinking get down to some solid work 认真开始? object to sth/ doing …反对 32. tear up a letter 撕… keep up one’s courage 保持… bring up a child 抚养… break up a family 拆散… stay up late at night=do not go to sleep until very late 33. pass away=die die away= (sound ) gradually disappear 34. cut through=take a shortcut see through one’s trick I couldn’t get through; the line was busy. 35. in charge of 负责 in the charge of,意味着在…管理下 36. add up to 总计 add to=increase 增加/添加 37. all at once=all of a sudden=suddenly 38. give out 散发,分发,用完 give away 背弃,泄露,赠送 39. keep … safe to remain safe : cf: remaining food(剩菜剩饭)=leftover to stay safe 40. What do you think of your new job? How do you like your new job ? How do you find your new job? 你认为你的新工作怎么样?


5. Friday

一、一个星期七天 1. Monday 2. Tuesday 3. Wednesday 4. Thursday 6. Saturday 7. Sunday 二、一年十二个月 1. January 2. February 3. March 4. April 6. June 7. July 8. August 9. September 11. November 12. December 三、一年四季 1. spring 2. summer 3. autumn 4. winter 四、容易拼写错的数字 eighth 第八 twelfth 第十二 ninth 第九 twentieth 第二十 forty 四十 四、亲属称呼 daughter (女儿) cousin (同辈兄弟姐妹) niece (女性晚辈) aunt (女性长辈) nephew (男性晚辈) uncle (男性长辈) 五、以下动词加-ed 或-ing 要双写最后一个字母

5. May 10. October

2015 高考英语考纲词汇表(最新归类整理和按字母排序)
regret (regretted, regretting) 后悔 refer (referred, referring) 提到 control (controlled, controlling) 控制 forget (forgetting ) 忘记 admit (admitted, admitting) 承认 permit (permitted, permitting)允许 occur (occurred, occurring) 出现 equip (equipped, equipping) 装备 prefer (preferred, preferring) 宁愿 注意:quarrel, signal, travel 中的 l 可双写(英国英语)也可不双写(美国英语) 六、部分过去式和过去分词不规则变化的动词 broadcast (broadcast, broadcast) 广播 seek (sought, sought) 寻求 flee (fled, fled) 逃跑 shake (shook, shaken) 发抖 forbid (forbade, forbidden) 禁止 sing (sang, sung) 唱歌 forgive (forgave, forgiven) 原谅 sink (sank, sunk/sunken) 下沉 freeze (froze, frozen) 结冰 spread (spread, spread) 传播 hang (作“绞死”讲,是规则的;作“悬挂” swim (swam, swum) 游泳 讲,其过去式过去分词都是 hung) tear (tore, torn) 撕碎 lie (作“说谎”讲时,是规则的;作“位于” weave (wove, woven) 编织 讲时,其过去式是 lay,过去分词是 lain) 七、意思相近的词 check / examine/ test destroy /damage receive / accept celebrate/ congratulate wear / dress 八、注意形容词变名词时的拼写变化 long—length 长度 high—height 高度 wide—width 宽度 strong—strength 力量 九、以-ic 结尾的动词,应先把-ic 变为-ick,再加 ing 或 ed picnic (picnicked, picnicking) 野餐 十、个别名词的复数拼写 German (Germans) 德国人 hero (英雄),potato (土豆),tomato (西红柿) gulf (gulfs) 海湾 等有生命的以-o 结尾的名词变复数时要加 handkerchief (handkerchiefs) 手帕 -es。 roof (roofs) 房顶 stomach 胃 (其复数是 stomachs 而不是加 es) 十一、注意动词变名词时的拼写变化 succeed—success 成功 consider—consideration 考虑 pronounce—pronunciation 发音 discover—discovery 发现 explain—explanation 解释 bury—burial 埋葬 decide—decision 决定 conclude—conclusion 得出结论 enter—entrance 进入 arrive—arrival 到达 permit—permission 允许 weigh—weight 重量 refuse—refusal 拒绝 十二、注意形容词变副词时的拼写变化 beautiful—beautifully 美丽的 particular—particularly 特别的 possible—possibly 可能的 successful—successfully 成功的 practical—practically 实际的 十三、其它必背单词


2015 高考英语考纲词汇表(最新归类整理和按字母排序)




1 要求跟不定式的动词 “要想干,同意办,愿意不愿意,决定尽量干。 ”
a 要求,想要,希望(want, wish, hope, expect, intend, mean) c 意愿(care, hate, refuse) b 同意(agree, promise) d 决定,企图(determine, decide, offer, attempt, try, manage)

2 要求跟随动名词的动词
(1)“megafeps”(霉咖啡不吃), mind, miss, enjoy, give up, admit, avoid, finish, escape, practise. (2)“makes (a) fit speech” mind,avoid,keep,enjoy,suggest/finish,imagine,thinkabout,spend,practise,excuse,escape,can't help

3 有些动词跟不定式作宾语补足语时省去了 to,
其口诀是:一觉二听三让四看,五观察。 一觉:feel 二听:hear、listen to 四看:notice、see、watch、look at 三让:let、have、make 五观察: observe 倒装口诀

4 i drop caps”
在某些表示请求、命令、建议等动词后面的宾语从句中,谓语动词要用动词原形或 should+动词原形。 i—insist, d—demand, r—request/require/recommend, o—order, p—propose, c—command, a—advise, p—preqersic, s—suggest.

5 有些动词用过去完成时, 常表示 “想做而未做” 的意思。 可巧记其首字为组成的 “withspem” ,

6 例装
副词开头要例装,人称代词则如常。 only 修饰副介状,位于句首半倒装。 否定意义副连词, “既不?也不”须倒装。 表语前置主语长,衔接自然常倒装。 such 代词做表语,引起主谓要倒装。 Not only 开头句,前一分句须倒装。 had,were,should 虚拟句,省略 if 半倒装。

口诀 7 当名词有多个形容词修饰时,下面的口诀可帮你记住这一先后顺序。
限定描绘大长高, 颜色国籍跟材料, 形状年龄和新老; 作用类别往后靠;

lie lay lain 躺/lay laid laid 放下;产蛋/lie lied lied 撒谎,这几个词在拼写上很容易混淆,有人编了这样的 口诀: 规则的“撒谎” ,不规则的“躺” , “躺”过就“下蛋” , “下蛋”不规则。 “规则”指规则变化, “不规则”即不规则变化,如 lie 作“撒谎”解时,是规则变化,即其过去式和过去分 词直接加-d; “躺过”的“过”指的是过去式,即 lie 的过去式 lay 是“下蛋”的原形; “下蛋”是不规则变化。

分开“一段时间” , some time 表示“一段时间” ; 相聚“在某一时” ,sometime 表示“在某一时” ; “有时”相聚加 s,sometimes 表示“有时,不时” ; “几次”分开带 s,some times 表示“几次,次数” 。

10 短文改错
(一) 见到谓语找主语,主谓一致找状语 见到名词想多数,可不可数要记牢 见到平行看结构,形式功能要对称 见到代词找指代,指代通常不合理 小小 of 常抓的点,of 前名词 adj 最高级 (二) 谓与非谓经常混 谓语句中就一个 其余动词非谓语常见形式有三种 ving ved 和 to do 主宾通常 ving 现在分词表主动 过去分词表被动 目的要用不定式 改错要想拿高分 语法口诀要记牢

一、add (1) If you add 5 to 5,you get 10.<把??加到??上面> (2) Five added to five is/makes 10. (3) This will add to our trouble.<增加> (4) The balloons added to the festival atmosphere.<增加> (5) His whole school education added up to no more than one year.<加起来总共> (6) Add up the numbers,and you will get 1155.<加??>

(题组训练)用与 add 相关的短语填空:
1、The engine of the ship was out of order and the bad weather added _______the helplessness of the crew at sea. 2、The numbers add _______95. 答案:1、to 2、up to 二、agree (1) agree on<就??达成共识> (2) agree to do sth.<同意做(某事)> (3) agree to the plan/decision/arrangement<同意> (4) I don't agree with you/what you said/your advice.<同意> (5) The climate here doesn't agree with me.<指食物、天气等适合某人> (6) Your story agrees with what I have already beard.<和??一致>

(题组训练)用与 agree 相关的短语填空:
3、Mutton doesn't agree ________________ him. 4、The verb agrees ________________ its subject in number and person. 5、We couldn't agree ________________ a date. 答案:3、 with 4、with 5、 on 三、break

(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17)

I am sorry that I broke my promise<违背,违反> break one's word/break the law/break the rule His health broke.<(身体或精神)垮了> He broke away from all his old friends.<断绝来往,脱离> I should break away from such habits.<改掉(习惯)> All our plans broke down. The peace talks have broken down. <(计划、谈判等)失败> Her health broke down under the pressure of work. (=become very bad)<被搞垮,垮掉> The telephone system has broken down.<(机器或车辆)出故障;坏掉> The thieves planned to break into a bank.<闯入,破门进入> The Second World War broke out in September 1939.<爆发> After midnight,the party broke up.<散(会)> I broke up the candy and gave each child a small piece.<分开> The police broke up the crowd.<分开,分散> broken English<鳖脚的英语> Our troops had little difficulty in breaking through the lines of the police.<突破>

(题组训练)用与 break 相关的短语填空:
6、News reports say peace talks between the two countries have broken __________ with no agreement reached. 7、Fire broke ____________ last night. 8、Sentences can be broken _____________ into clauses: 9、You've been working so hard for nearly a month. Relax yourself,or you will break _______sooner or later. 10、While we were watching TV,a voice broke ______the programme to announce the election results. 答案:6、down 7、out 8、up9、 down 10、into 四、bring (1) He brought about a quarrel between his parents.<引起,造成> (2) She made every effort to bring about a peaceful solution to the problem.<实现> (3) Electricity lines as well as telephone poles were brought down by falling trees or branches.<使倒下> (4) bring down prices<降低价格> (5) The sale brought in over$200.<赚得> (6) Dirt often brings on disease.<引起> (7) The fine weather is bringing the crops on nicely.<使成长更快,使提高> (8) Can you make a sentence to bring out the meaning of the phrase.<讲解清楚> (9) Joe was born in Texas but brought up in Oklahoma.<抚养> (10) He was so ill that he brought up everything.<呕吐> (11) This brought me into touch with various kinds of workers.<(和各种名词连用)进入某种状态> (12) Please bring forward the matter at the next meeting.<提出> (13) They have brought the meeting forward to next Monday.<把??提前,提早>

(题组训练)用与 bring 相关的短语填空:
11、The war in Iraq was ________________ by the American President Bush. 12、The work can ________________ $2000 a year. 答案:11、brought about 12、bring in 五、call The trouble calls for quick action by the government.<要求> (1) I will call for you at five o'clock.<来找某人> (2) We called for the packages at the post office.<来取某物>

(3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11)

I formed the habit of calling in on him in the evenings.<顺便拜访> Your father is ill,you should call in a doctor at once.<找来,请来> People don't like being called names.<骂人> They've called off the game because of the thick fog.<取消> He called upon me to speak immediately after him<请/叫(某人做某事)> I called on the people of this country to work hard for national unity.<号召> A notice displayed in the shop window called attention to the recent increase in prices.<引起??的注意> The army was called in to cut through fallen trees and to help clear the roads and paths.<召集> call in at some place/call in on sb. /call back/call up/give sb. a call/make a call(a long—distance call)

(题组训练)用与 call 相关的短语填空:
13、The situation calls ________________ immediate action. 14、The sound of happy laughter called ________________ memories of his childhood. 15、Could you call in ________________ Mum on your way home? 答案:13、for 14、up 15、on 六、carry (1) He had learned enough German to carry on a conversation.<进行> (2) One person should carry on where the other had left off.<进行下去> (3) I was chosen to carry out our experiment.<执行,开展> (4) He did not carry out his promise to us.<履行> (5) After destroying the village,the enemy carried off all the cattle<抢走> (6) The work is tough,but it is the person to carry it through.(=to complete sth. successfully)<顺利完成, 顺利实现>

(题组训练)用与 carry 相关的短语填空:
16、They are trying to carry ________________ a new policy. 17、What a pity!They should have carried ________________ the.good business. 18、—It's a good idea. But who's going to carry ________________ the plan? —I think Tom and Greg will 答案:16、out 17、on 18、out 七、come (1) How come that you didn't get here in time?<(用于引申意义)发生某情况> (2) He came to realize that he was mistaken.<渐渐地(表示动作逐渐变化的过程)> (3) My dream has come true,<变成现实> (4) He talked about his coming trip to the United States.<即将到来的> (5) How did the accident come about?<发生,造成> (6) I came across(came upon/ran across)this book in an old bookstore on the Fourth Avenue.<无意中碰到, 找到> (7) He came suddenly across an idea.<(无意中)想到> (8) He just asked me to come round for supper.<到这儿来> (9) Come along!Arthur,we can't wait all day!<快点> (10) Come along!Someone must know the answer to my question.<快说> (11) This paper comes out every Friday.<出版> (12) I think the roses will come out next week.<开花,发芽> (13) I came out first in the examination.<考试结果??;考第??一名> (14) The bill comes to $5.<总计> (15) When it comes to mathematics,I know nothing about it.<谈到,涉及> (16) The robbery did not come to light until the next day.<被发现,被大家知道>

(17) (18) (19) (20) (21) (22) (23) (24)

The question hasn't come up yet.<被提出> He came up with an idea.<提出> come to oneself<苏醒过来> come to an end<结束> come into effect(force)<生效> come to a conclusion(decision)<作出结论(决定)> come into being(existence)<开始存在、建立、产生> come into power<开始执政>

19、I'm as good a cook as she is except when it ____________(making)pastry. 我做饭做得和她一样好,就是不会做油酥馅饼。 20、The shock made her hesitate for a moment but she quickly ________________ again. 这一打击使她踌躇了片刻,但很快就又恢复正常了。 21、Can you tell me how the accident ______________ ? 你能告诉我事故是怎样发生的吗? 答案:19、comes to 20、came to herself 21、came about 八、care (1) I don't care what they say. I shall go on just the same.<在乎,在意> (2) If you care to hear it,I will tell it to you.<愿意> (3) Albert Einstein cared little for money. He was seen using a cheque for$1500 as a bookmark.<喜欢> (4) Would you care for a cup of coffee?(=Would you like...?)<(礼貌用语)你喜欢/要??吗?> (5) He cared about money.<喜欢> (6) The mother card for the sick child day and night<照顾,照料> (7) The professor said that he was interested only in research:he didn't care about his students.<关心> (8) In this way we could give them timely medical care.<医疗护理> 九、catch (1) catch fire(=to start burning)<着火> (2) catch one’s breath<缓口气,歇口气> (3) That car caught his eyes/attention.<引起注意> (4) The police caught him stealing a car.(=to discover suddenly and by surprise especially when someone is doing something bad) (5) <撞见,突然发现> (6) That style has never caught on in China.(=become popular)<流行> (7) He was caught in the rain.(=be stuck)<被困扰> (8) Her skirt got caught in the door.(=be hooked)<被钩住> (9) I suddenly caught sight of him in the crowd.<看见> 十、clear (1) She made it clear that she would support Australia. (2) <弄清楚,查明白,明确> (3) After the storm the sky cleared.<晴朗起来> (4) The waitress will clear away these dishes in a moment.<收走> (5) How can we clear away,these doubts?<消除,清除> (6) The weather has cleared up;we can go out.<晴朗起来,开朗起来> (7) You'll have to clear up the things on the table before we have tea.<整理,收拾> 十一、compare (1) Car production rose by 25%,compared to/with the first 3 months of this year.

(2) <和??相比> (3) We know it was a small place,comparing to what it is now.<和??相比> (4) Compare this with that,and you will see which is better. (5) <把??和??相比> (6) Shakespeare compared the world to a stage.<把??比作??> 十二、cover (1) They covered 12 miles yesterday.<走完(一段路程)> (2) How many pages have you covered?<看完(多少页书)> (3) The city covered ten square miles.<占据(多大面积)> (4) The professor's talk covered the subject.<谈到,涉及> (5) The mountain was covered with snow all the year round.<覆盖着??> (6) The best reporters were sent to cover the 27th Olympic Games. (7) <报道,采访> 十三、cut (1) cut off<切断;切下来> (2) cut out<戒掉,不吃,剪出> (3) cut in<插嘴> (4) cut up<切碎> (5) a short cut<捷径> (6) They want to cut down a large forest in this area.<砍倒> (7) George is trying to cut his weight down.<消减,减少> (8) The army was called in to cut through the fallen trees on the road. (9) <锯断,剪断,凿穿> 十四、deal (1) I'd rather deal with a man than a woman. Women are sharp. (2) <和??打交道> (3) I'm used to dealing with matters of this sort.<处理> (4) This book deals with questions on politics.<论述,谈> (5) What shop do you deal with?<和??做买卖> 十五、die (1) die of<死于??(情感、饥寒、年老等原因)>,如: (2) die of illness/a fever/hunger/sadness (3) As a result,many westerners die at an early age of heart disease. (4) die from<死于??(间接原因)>,如: (5) die from an accident/the polluted air/a bad habit (6) Ronny's steps had died away/down,and there was a moment of silence. (7) <(指风、声、光)消逝> (8) The wind has died away/down again.<平息> (9) It is thought that between the years 1550 and 1950 an average of one kind of living thing died out each year.<灭绝,不复存在> (10) I'm dying for something to eat.(=have a strong desire for sth.)<渴望>

(题组训练)用与 die 有关的短语填空:
22、The wild population of koalas is in danger of _________________ . 23、Do you fancy a cup of tea? I'm _________________ thirst. 24、I am _________________ a cup of coffee. 答案:22、dying out 23、dying of 24、dying for

十六、 do (1) —I have some difficulty in pronouncing some of the words in English. (2) —No,you're doing fine.<(工作、学习、生活、生长等)情况(好)> (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) I'm happy in my work in the garden. I'm doing well. Will it do if we let you have an answer by Friday? <行,够,合适,可以,凑合> Let's do up this room first.<整理,收拾> They tried to do away with slavery.<废除> Mary has done herself up for the party.<梳妆打扮> Please do up these books and post them for Mr. Smith.<包,扎,系,捆> do one’s hair<做头发> do the room<打扫房间> do the bed<铺床> do wrong to sb.<使某人受委屈> do business<做生意>,<做买卖> do right<做得好> do wrong<做错事,做坏事> have something/nothing/anything/a lot to do with<与??有些/没有/有什么/有很大关系>

(题组训练)用与 do 有关的短语填空:
25、________________ your buttons! 26、He has nothing ________________ the case. 27、The school has ________________ the rules. 28、I haven't enough money to buy a car,so I'll have to ________________ without it. 答案:25、Do up 26、to do with 27、done away with 28、do 十七、end (1) Even if none of this is true for us today,it is probable that one day we will end up with a disability.<以?? 告终> (2) If you drive your car like that,you'll end up in hospital. (3) <最后(有某种结局) ,最后(成了)> (4) The politician finally ended up his speech.<结束> (5) We ended up the dinner with fruit and coffee.<以??而结束> (6) The match ended in a win for us.<以??告终,结果??> (7) It rained for three days on end.(=continuously)<连续地> (8) We must put an end to this foolish behavior.<结束,制止> (9) The meeting came to an end at last.<结束>

(题组训练)用与 end 有关的短语填空:
29、He ________________ his letter ________________ good wishes to the family. 30、The battle ________________ victory. 31、Their marriage ________________ divorce. 答案:29、ended(up) ,with 30、ended in 31、ended in 十八、fall (1) We can't afford to fall behind our competitors in using the new technology. (2) <我们再也不能在使用新技术方面落后于我们的竞争对手了。> (3) She has fallen in love with him/the dress. (4) <她已经爱上他了/喜欢上了那条裙子。> (5) Where does the plan fall down?(=fail or to be ineffective)

(6) <失败,不起作用> (7) This topic falls naturally into three sections.(=be divided into)<被分成> (8) I am quite happy to fail in with you/your suggestions. (9) (=agree with or to)<赞同> 十九、fix (1) fix(on) a time for sth.<约定时间干某事>,如: (2) Let's fix a time for discussion. (3) They've fixed the time and date for the party. (4) fix one's eyes on<注视>,如: (5) He fixed his eyes on the clock. (6) fix one's attention on<注意> (7) fix supper<做饭> (8) fix tea<沏茶> (9) fix the broken machine<修理,整理> 二十、follow (1) You should follow the rules of the lab when you're doing experiments.<遵循,听从,依照??行事> (2) The child follows her mother about all day long.<跟随> (3) Follow this road until you get to the church.<沿着??(走)> (4) May follows April.<接着发生,跟着到来> (5) Do you follow what I'm saying?<听懂,理解> 二十一、get (1) The operator finally got me through.<给??接通电话> (2) He has got through$1,000 in less than a year.<用完> (3) John has got through the examination.<通过> (4) I'll be with you as soon as I get through the work.<做完> (5) The story has got round—everybody knows about it. (6) <消息 传开;走动,到处旅行> (7) My work is getting along better now.<进展,进行> (8) She didn't get away until nine last night.<走开,离开> (9) The bank robbers used a stolen car to get away.<逃走,跑 掉> (10) Now he was dead,and I could not get away from my sadness.<摆脱> (11) He got down and began to pray.<跪下,弯腰> (12) Don't you think it's time we got down to business?<开始认真做某事> (13) At what time do you get off(from)work?<下班> (14) He used to be afraid of heights but he has got over that now. (15) <克服,摆脱(某种情绪)> 二十二、give (1) He gave away most of his fortune to the poor.<送给,分发> (2) They suspected(怀疑)that the secret had been given away by one of their friends.<泄露(机密)> (3) I hope the holiday will give him back his good spirits. (4) <恢复(健康,好情绪)> (5) He has given in to my views.<向??让步,投降> (6) The gas gave off an unpleasant smell.<散发出> (7) He gave his life to the study of art.<把生命献给??> (8) Please give my regards/greeting./love/wishes/thanks to Miss Smith. (9) <代??向??问好(表示喜欢、祝愿、谢意)>

(10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17)

The teacher gave out the examination papers.<散发,颁发> It was given out that the Prime Minister had died sudden1y.<宣布> After two days our food .gave out,and we had to return to the camp. <被用完> The swimmer gave out after ten laps.<体力不支,耗尽> The cowboy gave out a yell.<发出(声音)> I've given up smoking.<放弃,中止> Billy kept asking his mother if he could go to the movies and she finally gave way.<妥协,屈从>

(题组训练)用与 give 有关的短语填空:
32、Smoking is bad for your health. —Yes,I know. But I simply can't give it ________ . 33、Don't mention that at the beginning of the story,or it may give ________ the shocking ending. 34、Cheap coal gives ________ a lot of smoke. 答案:32、up 33、away 34、off 二十三、go (1) But if you go against nature and do things at the wrong time of year,you will have to do more work and the results will not be so good.<违背> (2) —How is everything going?<进行,进展> (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18) (19) (20) (21) (22) (23) (24) (25) (26) (27) (28) —Things are going very well. The black hair was going grey.<变得> That is to say,the doctor's been gone for two hours and thirteen minutes. <不在,走了> The engine went well.<运转> How does the old saying go?<怎么说的> If you think you can solve the problem,go ahead.<开始 (做某事)> Go ahead,we're all listening.<开始(做某事)> Work is going ahead.<进行,进展> —May I start? —Yes,go ahead.<表同意> News of the plane crash went around like wildlife.<传开> Time went by quickly.<过去,经过> Shares have gone down again by ten points.<(价格等)下跌, (温度等)下降> She had no time to go deeply into the matter just then.<调查,了解,研究> What is going on out there?<发生, (活动)进行> Why not buy some English tapes and some books to go with them? <相配,和??交朋友> When smokers who are used to nicotine go without it for an hour or two,they begin to feel bad.<不吃,不 用> Let me have a go at fixing it.<试一试> My family goes back 300 years,while his family goes back to the 15th century. <追溯;从过去某个时候延续至今> He always likes to go back to his younger days.<回顾> Go over your work before you hand it in.<仔细检查,反复研究,仔细琢磨> He doesn't go in for team games.<对某事感兴趣,爱好> go out<出去,出国; (灯火)熄灭; (衣着式样等)不时兴>

(题组训练)用与 go 有关的短语填空:

35、Nobody noticed the thief slip into the house because the lights happened to go ________________ . 36、lf you had gone ________________ your test paper carefully before handing it in,you would have made fewer mistakes. 37、As time goes ________________ ,my memory seems to get worse. 答案:35、out 36、over 37、by/on 二十四、hand (1) When he writes,he always keeps a dictionary at hand.<在手边,在跟前> (2) The examinations are at hand.<就要到来了,不远了> (3) My shoes were made by hand.<手工做的> (4) Could you give me a hand with this parcel?<帮一下忙> (5) This custom has been handed down since the 18th century.<传下来,传给> (6) The teacher handed out the books at the beginning of the lesson.<发,散发> (7) The thief was handed over to the police.<移交> (8) on(the)one hand...,on the other(hand)<一方面??,另一方面> (9) hand in<上交>

38、I am resigning as chairman and handing ________________ to my deputy. 39、Don't worry,for help is ________________ hand! 40、He was handing ________________ leaflets(传单)to members of the audience. 答案:38、over 39、at 40、out 二十五、hold (1) She held back,not knowing what to do or say.<犹豫不决> (2) Don't hold anything back,you must tell me everything.<隐瞒,不公布> (3) If they hadn't held him back,he would have beaten you.<阻碍,阻止> (4) I made my choice and I will hold on to the end.<坚持(下去)> (5) You should hold on to your oil share.<不送或不卖(某物)> (6) He asked me to hold on while he left the telephone to find a pencil. (7) <别挂(电话)> (8) Could he hold out in spite of the difficulty? (9) <坚持(抵抗) ,顶住(压力)> (10) The pupil held up his hand to ask the teacher a question.<举起> (11) hold office<任职> (12) hold one's position<担任某个职位> (13) hold an opinion (idea)<持有某个看法、观点> (14) They held their heads up and walked into the hall.<趾高气扬> (15) Please hold yourself still while I am taking your photograph.<保持不动> (16) He held a cigarette between his lips.<使某人或某物处于某种状态或位置> (17) A lot of cars were held up in the accident,<使耽搁,使停顿>

(题组训练)用与 hold 有关的短语填空:
41、We thought of selling this old furniture,but we've decided to hold ________________ it. It might be valuable. 42、The dam was not strong enough to hold ________________ the floodwaters. 43、I missed the lecture because my car was held ________________ in the traffic jam. 44、Tell me all about it—don't hold anything ________________ ! 答案:41、on to 42、back 43、up 44、back 二十六、keep (1) He keeps away from liquor and tobacco.<不沾,避开,不接近>

(2) The Englishman will move back in order to keep a certain distance away. (3) <保持一定距离> (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18) (19) He may be telling the truth but he is keeping something back. <隐瞒(没讲)> Finally,he did not give her the right change,but kept back five pounds. <扣留> You have to be home by I1 o'clock. Keep that in mind,Bob.<记在心里> Keep off the grass.<勿踩,勿踏> He didn't stop running. He just kept on.<继续(干) ,坚持(干)> Keep on until you reach the traffic lights.<继续前进> The coat should keep out the cold.<挡住,使??进不去> They have shut the door and meant to keep us out.<不要进来> You should keep out of these things.<不牵扯进去> I hope such fine weather will keep up.<继续(下去) ,持续(下去)> We've kept up our friendship for over twenty years now.<保持> The good news keeps up our spirits.<保持(情绪)高昂> I can't keep up with all the changes.<跟上, (与??)并驾齐驱> I hope the rain keeps off.<(雨雪)暂时不停>

45、Would you slow down a bit,please? I can't ________________ you. A. keep up with B. put up with C. make up to D. hold on to 46、—Mummy,can I put the peaches in the cupboard? —No dear. They don't ________________ well. Put them in the fridge instead. A. keep B. fit C. get D. last 答案:45、A46、A 二十七、join (1) to join an island to the mainland by a bridge<把??和??连接起来> (2) The new railway joins our town to the big city.<把??和??连接起来> (3) The girl,Mary,joined in the conversation.<参加(某活动)> (4) Will you join us in a walk?<和??一起做某事> (5) The electrician joined up the wires.<把??连接起来> 二十八、connect (1) connect with/to<把??连接起来;和??相连> (2) Connect this wire to that one. (3) The Suez Canal connects Africa with Asia. (4) He has been connected with the company since 1984.<和??联系> (5) The early bus from the village connects with the 8:30train. (6) <(车、船等在时间上)衔接>

(题组训练)用 join 或 connect 的适当形式完成下列句子:
47、They all ________________ in singing the Christmas carols. 48、The 9:00am train from London ________ with the 12:05 p.m. from Crewe. 49、Two extra carriages were ________________ onto the train on at York. 答案:47、joined 48、connects 49、joined 二十九、look (1) As,look back upon those years,I am struck by Annie's wisdom.<回顾,回想> (2) I've been looking into this matter this afternoon.<调查> (3) Two men were fighting. The rest were looking on.<旁观>

(4) (5) (6) (7) (8)

When you're eating fish,look out for bones.<当心,小心> We've been looking out for a new house,but the ones we've seen are all too expensive.<留心找某物> Look up the word in the dictionary<查寻,查找> I want to look my uncle up sometime.<看望,拜访> She looked through her notes before the examination.<浏览>

(题组训练)用与 look 相关的短语填空:
50、A Working Party has been set up to look ________________ the problem. 51、Look ________________ pickpockets. 52、 If you want to know how a word is used, look the word ________________ in the Advanced Learner's Dictionary. 答案:50、into 51、out for 52、up 三十、make (1) make good use of/make full use of/make the most of/make the best of (2) <充分利用> (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18) (19) (20) (21) (22) We should make use of water to produce electricity. He had a gift for thinking up ways of making political points. <提出政治观点> Both husband and wife had to work to make ends meet.<使收支相抵> After years as an unsuccessful businessman,he's finally made it.<成功> Can you make out what that object is on the other side of the valley? <弄清楚,看出> It isn't difficult to make out his ideas.<理解,明白> The explanation in the school book makes no sense,because the words are hard. <讲不通,没意义,不能被理解> Can you make sense of what he says?<理解> The teacher asked the children to make up a story about a trip to the moon. <编,创造> Mary had to make up for the time she missed in school when she was sick,by studying very hard.<弥补> The actors were making up when we arrived.<打扮> The team is made up of nine players.<由??组成> Is that the right time? I made it later.<估计> He's making three hundred a year.<赚得,赢得> He'll make a good lawyer.<(有条件)成为> I think I could make it 8:30 if that's all right for you.<定在(某时间)>

(题组训练)用与 make 相关的短语填空:
53、The idea puzzled me so much that I stopped for a few seconds to try to make it ________________ . 54、She spent an hour making herself ________________ before the party. 55、Hard work can make ________________ a lack of intelligence. 56、It's my first holiday for two years so I'm going to make ________________ of it. 答案:53、out 54、up 55、up for 56、the most/the best 三十一、mean (1) Smoke usually means fire:<意味着> (2) Your friendship means a great deal to me.<有意义,有价值> (3) But I don't believe he means any harm.<有??意图> (4) His parents meant him for a teacher.<打算让某人成为??> (5) This picture is meant for me.<打算给(谁)> (6) This room was meant for the workers' reading room.<打算(做什么用)>

(7) What do you mean by coming here this morning?<你??是什么意思?>

57、—Why haven't you bought any butter? —I ________________ to,but I forgot about it. A .liked B.wished C. meant D. expected 答案:57、C 三十二、meet (1) It takes 80 years for Mediterranean water to be changed with Atlantic water,as there is one narrow entrance where the Mediterranean meets the Atlantic. (2) <与??汇合> (3) The house stands where three roads meet.<汇合> (4) In order to meet his expenses,he had to do extra work at night.<满足> (5) To join the army,one must meet certain physical standards.<符合(要求)> (6) A policeman could meet danger any minute of his working day.<碰到,遭到> (7) In the woods,he met with two strangers.<遇见,碰到> 三十三、operate (1) The lift was not operating properly.<(机器)开动, (工厂)开工> (2) The company operates two factories.<开动(机器) ,管理! (工厂)> (3) The medicine operated quickly.<起作用(Vi.)> (4) He operated on the baby's throat and saved its life. (5) <给??动手术> 三十四、pay (1) Perhaps I shall pay a visit to England this winter.<参观> (2) It's high time、paid me back the$100 he owes me.<偿还> (3) How much did you pay for the book?<为??而付款> (4) I'll pay off my debt with this check.<还清> (5) Did your plan pay off?<成功,得到回报> (6) It pays to invest in protective clothing.<收益,得到好处>

(题组训练)用与 pay 相关的短语填空:
58、Teamwork pays ________________ . 59、I'll pay Jenny ________________ for what she did to me! 答案:58、off 59、back 三十五、pick (1) She picked up the little book and gave it to him.<拾起> (2) He has picked up some bad habits at that club.<沾染> (3) He picked up French while he was staying in Paris.<(非正式)学到> (4) Pick me up at the hotel.<接(人)> (5) This room must be picked up before the guests arrive.<整理、收拾> (6) The class picked up the story where they had left it.<继续讲(故事)> (7) We picked up the radio signals on our receiver.<接收> (8) Have you picked out the movie you want to see?<挑选> (9) Can you pick out your brother in the crowd?<认出>

60、他把熟得最透的桃挑了出来。 ________________ 61、一到春天市场就活跃了。 ________________ 62、7 点钟我开车来接你。 ________________ 答案:60、He picked out the ripest peach.61、The market always picks up in the spring.62、 I’ll pick you up at 7

o'clock. 三十六、put (1) John puts ten dollars aside every week.<存储,留下> (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17) (18) (19) (20) (21) He put aside his textbooks when he left school and never reopened them. <放下,放在一边> Put aside all that has happened and try to start again.<搁在一边,不予考虑> Put your books away.<收起来> Put the dictionary back on the shelf.<放回原处> The meeting has been put back until next week.(=put off)<推迟> Put the clock back by five minutes.<拨慢> Put the clock forward by five minutes.<拨快> He put out the lamp and went out.<使熄灭,扑灭> The company puts out 13 new machines every month.<生产,出版> Are you serious in putting forward such a view?<提出> put into effect<执行,实施> put into force<使生效> put into practice<实行,付诸实行> put on weight<增加体重> put one's heart into<全心全意干某事> put sb. through<接通电话> put to bed<安顿孩子睡觉> put to use<加以利用> put up with<忍受,容忍>

(22) I just didn't wish to put you to the trouble of changing a large note. (23) <给某人添麻烦> 三十七、refer (1) if you don't know how to pronounce the word,refer to the dictionary. (2) <查阅,参阅> (3) He referred to the matter once or twice.<提到,谈到> (4) The man referred to in the talk is one of my friends. (5) What I have to say refers to all of you.<涉及> (6) The lady was referring to Mike when she spoke of a bright boy.<指的是> (7) He referred his success to his good teacher.<归功于> 三十八、run (1) The buses run until after twelve.<(车辆等)行驶> (2) The machine ran continuously for eight days.<运转> (3) The water runs out of the pipe into the bucket.<流> (4) For several miles the road runs across a plain.<(道路等)延伸,延续> (5) They run most of the stores here.<管理,经营> (6) The chairman ran the meeting well.<主持> (7) Will the color in this dress run if I wash it?<褪色> (8) He is running for governor.<竞选> (9) If you ran after two hares,you will catch neither.<追赶> (10) She hit the child and ran away.<走掉,跑掉> (11) All our supply of food has run out(=given out).<被用完> (12) We ran out of coal,and had to burn wood.<用完>

(13) I ran over a rabbit this morning.<(车辆)撞倒并碾过> (14) Run through this article and tell me what you think of it.<匆忙看一遍> 三十九、see to (1) I've got a lot of things to see to.<处理> (2) Who is to see to the organization of the next meeting?<负责> (3) Will you see to that customer,please?<照顾> (4) If I see to getting the car out,will you see to closing the windows?<负责> (5) Please see to it that the lights are turned off.(=make sure/ensure that) (6) <确保> 四十、send (1) We've just sent her to sleep.<使进入梦乡> (2) My sister sends you greetings and asks when you will be in London.<致,送> (3) That noise will send me mad.<(跟复合结构)使变得> (4) The explosion sent things flying in all directions. (5) <(跟带分词的复合结构)使得??> (6) They have sent up several spaceships this year.<发射> (7) send for a taxi/an ambulance/a doctor (8) <(派人)找计程车/叫救护车/请医生来> 四十一、set (1) We set about clearing(set out to clear)up the mess.<开始做或处理;着手> (2) You'd better set aside some money for special use. (3) <(为了某种目的)留出、拨出、节省> (4) Set aside my wishes in this matter.<对??不予考虑> (5) We will set off(out)for Africa tomorrow.<动身,出发> (6) Polonium is used to set off a nuclear bomb.<引爆> (7) Let's set up the tent first and build the fire later.<竖起来,立起来,支起来> (8) He set up a new record.<创造> (9) The film was set in California in the middle of the nineteenth century. (10) <以??为背景,故事发生在??.>

(题组训练)用与 set 相关的短语填空:
63、The new government must set ________________ finding solutions to the country's economic problems. 64、Let's set ________________ my personal feelings. 答案:63、about 64、aside 四十二、show (1) He told the BBC that he wanted 17 hours of nonstop TV time so that both concerts could be shown on television.<播出,展出,放映> (2) Tickets,please. Show your tickets.<把??拿给??看> (3) Come along. I'll show you to your room myself.<带某人到某处> (4) My cousin is visiting us next week, and I have promised to show him around New York.<领某人到处看看> (5) Most small children show off in front of visitors.<炫耀> 四十三、stand (1) The letters" UK" stand for "The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".<代表> (2) I can't stand the hot weather.<忍受> (3) You should learn to stand on your own two feet.<依靠自己,自主> (4) stand out<显得突出,显眼,引人注目> (5) stand by<站在一边,袖手旁观,支持,站在??边>

四十四、strike (1) On Friday 16th October,1987,a hurricane struck the southeast of England. (2) <侵袭> (3) The boy struck the man with a stick.<打> (4) A stone struck me on the head.<打中,击中> (5) I struck a match and held it to his cigarette.<擦燃(火柴)> (6) An idea suddenly struck me.<(某种想法)忽然出现,使??忽然想起> (7) He was struck by her beauty.<给人深刻印象> (8) They are striking for higher pay.(=They,on strike for higher pay.)<罢工> (9) I left immediately the clock struck twelve.<(钟)敲响> 四十五、turn (1) He was poor but proud and turned down every offer of help.<拒绝接受> (2) The campers usually turned in as soon as it got dark.<上床睡觉> (3) The teachers have to turn in the reports at the end of the school year.<上交> (4) The examination turned out(to be)easy.<结果是,最后情况是> (5) Bob turns over most of the money he earns to his mother.<移交,交给> (6) The car struck the wall and turned over.<撞翻,翻倒> (7) He turned over in bed.<翻身,翻转> (8) Please turn over this page.<翻过> (9) The missing boy turned up<出现> (10) If you have some questions,you can turn to your teachers for help. (11) <求助于> (12) Mozart's music always turns me on/off.<使感兴趣/使不感兴趣> (13) She turned away in horror at the sight of so much blood.<转身不看> (14) Because the hall was full,many people were turned a way.<撵走> (15) turn a blind eye to/on<视而不见> (16) turn a deaf ear to <充耳不闻> (17) turn about<向后转> (18) turn against<反对,背叛> (19) turn back<返回,折回,使往回走> (20) by turns<轮流> (21) in turn<一个挨一个地又(对别人)做同样的事> (22) take turns<轮流(做某事)>

65、I have waited for him for hours but he hasn't ________________ (appeared)yet. 66、His invitation is ________________ (refused). 67、If you don't know the words,you can ________________ (refer to)a dictionary. 答案:65、turned up 66、turned down 67、turn to 四十六、take (1) The assistant did not take her seriously and advised her to buy two bottles of very expensive wine.<认真对 待> (2) He led the ships down the river to a place where the British army could land safely and take the enemy by surprise.<突然袭击> (3) I won't take up much of your time.<占去(时间)> (4) The table takes up too much room.<占去,占据(空间)> (5) When he left school he took up journalism.<从事某项活动,发展某种爱好>

(6) People should be ready to go to prison for their beliefs,but they should never take up anus to fight.<拿起武 器> (7) When you return to the office the following morning or after the holiday,you can listen to the messages and take any necessary action.<采取必要的行动> (8) The teacher took up the lesson where he left off yesterday.<继续讲述> (9) Jean took advantage of the lunch hour to finish her homework.<利用> (10) I take back what I said.<收回> (11) Take it easy.The roads are icy.<不要着急> (12) He is taking over my job while I am on holiday.<接替,接管> (13) He seemed to take great pride in his work.<对??感到骄傲> (14) She had taken the trouble to buy the books for me.<费力,不怕麻烦> (15) I'll take on the work,but I can't tell you exactly when I'll finish it.<从事> (16) The Great Wall has taken on a new look since the liberation.<呈现> (17) Is the supermarket taking on any more assistants?<雇用> 四十七、work out (1) We must work out a plan as quickly as we can.<制定,拟定,定出> (2) Have you worked out this problem yet?<算出,估计出> (3) I can't work out the meaning of the poem.<理解,弄懂,看出> (4) This map is wrong;I can't work out where we are.<判断,说出,看出> (5) Things will work out if you will just be patient.<得到圆满解决> (6) Things have worked out badly.<(情况等)结果是>

68、Things worked out quite well. ________________ 69、I've never been able to work her out. ________________ 70、Can you work out what these squiggles mean? 答案:68、事情的结果很不错。69、我一向无法了解她。70、你能辨认出这些潦草的字迹是什么意思吗?

2014 高考英语考纲词汇表
A a (an) art. 一(个、件……) ability n. 能力; 才能 able a. 能够;有能力的 aboard adv. 登(车,船,机) about ad. 大约; prep. 关于 above prep. 在……上面 a. 上面的 ad. 在……之上 abroad adv.到(在)国外 absent adj. 缺席的 absorb v. 吸收,使全神贯注 academic adj& n 学术的,教学 accent n. 口音 accept vt. 接受 accident n. 事故,意外的事 account n. 账户 accurate adj. 正确无误的,精确的 accuse v.控告 ache v. n. 痛,疼痛 achieve vt. 达到,取得 achievement n. 成就 acid adj. 酸的 acre n. 英亩 ache vi.& n. 疼 across prep. 横过,穿过 act n. 法令,条例 v. (戏)表演,扮演(角色), action n. 行动 active a. 积极的,主动的 activity n. 活动 actor n. 男演员 actress n. 女演员 actual a. 实际的; 现实的 AD n. 公元 ad=advertisement n.广告 add vt.添加,增加 address n. 地址 administration n.管理 admire v. 钦佩; 羡慕 admit vt. 承认,准许(入场,入学,入会) advance v. 推进,促进;前进 adult n. 成人 advance v. n. 发展,前进] advantage n. 优点; 好处 adventure n. 冒险; 奇遇 advertise v. 为…做广告 advertisement n. 广告 advice n. 忠告,劝告,建议 advise vt. 忠告,劝告,建议 affair n. 事务

afford vt. 负担得起(……的费用);;提供 afraid a. 害怕的;担心 Africa n. 非洲 African a. 非洲的,非洲人的 n. 非洲人 after ad.后来 prep. 在……之后,conj. 在……以后 afternoon n. 下午,午后 afterwards ad. 后来 again ad. 再一次;再,又 against prep. 对着,反对 age n. 年龄;时代 ago ad. 以前 agree v. 同意;应允 agreement n. 协议 ahead ad. 在前,向前 aid[eid]n.援助;救护;辅助器具 AIDS n. 艾滋病 aim n.目的;目标 v. 计划,打算;瞄准;针对 air n. 空气;大气 aircraft n. 飞机 (单复数同) airline n. 航空公司,航线 airmail n. 航空邮件 airplane n. 飞机 airport n. 航空站,飞机场 airspace n. 空域 alcohol n. 含酒精饮料,酒 alike adv. 相似的,相同的 alive a. 活着的,存在的 all ad. 全部地 a. 全(部); ;整 pron. 全部 allergic adj. 过敏的 allow vt. 允许,准许 almost ad. 几乎,差不多 alone a. 单独的,孤独的 along ad. ……一起;一同 prep. 沿着;顺着 aloud ad. 大声地 alphabet n. 字母表 already ad. 已经 also ad. 也 although conj. 虽然,尽管 altogether ad. 总共 always ad. 总是;一直;永远 am v. (be) be 的人称形式之一 a.m. \ am, A. M.\ AM n. amaze v. 使人惊讶 amazing adj. 令人惊讶的 America n. 美国;美洲 ambassador(ambassadress) n. 大使 ambulance n. 救护车 among prep. 在…中间;在(三个以上)之间 amount n. v. 数量 amusement n. 娱乐 analyse v. 分析 analysis n. 分析(pl .analyses) ancestor n. 祖先 ancient adj. 古代的 anchor['??k?] v./ n.锚,抛锚 and conj. 和;又;而 anger n. 怒,愤怒 angle n.角度 angry adj. 生气的 animal n. 动物 ankle n. 踝 announce vt. 宣布,宣告 annoy v. 打扰,骚扰 another a. 一;别的;不同的 pron. 另一个 answer n. 回信; 答案 v. 回答,答复 ant n. 蚂蚁 Antarctic n. 南极的 anxiety n. 焦虑 anxious a. 忧虑的,焦急的 any pron. (无论)哪一个; 何的 anybody pron. 任何人,无论谁 anyhow ad. 不管怎样 anyone pron. 任何人,无论谁 anything pron. 什么事(物);任何事(物) anyway ad. 不管怎样 anywhere ad. 任何地方 apartment n. 公寓 apologize vi. 道歉,谢罪 apology n. [C]辩解,道歉 appear vi. 出现 appearance n. 出现,露面;容貌 apple n. 苹果 application n. 申请,应用 apply v. 申请,应用 appointment n. 约定 appreciate v. 欣赏,感激 appreciation n.欣赏;感激 approach n. v. 方法,靠近 approximately adv. 大约 apron n. 机场的)停机坪 architect n.. 建筑学,建筑设计,风格 Arctic n. 北极圈 area n. 面积;地域,地方,区域;范围,领域 argue vi. 争辩, 争论 argument n. 争论,辩论 arise(arose,arisen) vi.起来,升起;出现 arithmetic n. .算术 arm n. 臂, 支架 v.武装起来 n. (美)武器,武力 armchair n. 扶手椅 army n. 军队 around ad.在附近 prep. 在……周围,大约 arrange v. 安排 arrangement n. 安排,布置 arrest v. 逮捕 arrival n. 到来,到达 arrive vi. 到达;达到 arrow n. 箭头 art n. 艺术,美术;技艺 article n. 文章;东西,物品;冠词 artist n.艺术家 as ad.& conj. 像……一样;如同;因为 prep. 作为,当做 ash n. 灰; 灰末 ashamed a. 惭愧; 害臊 Asia n. 亚洲 Asian a. 亚洲的,亚洲人的 n. 亚洲人 aside ad. 在旁边

ask v. 问,询问;请求,要求;邀请 asleep a. 睡着的,熟 睡 aspect n. 方面 assistant n. 助手,助理 association n. 协会,联盟 astronaut n. 宇航员 astronomer n. 天文学家 astronomy n. 天文学 at prep. 在(几点钟);在(某处) athlete n.运动员 Atlantic adj. 大西洋的 atmosphere n. 氛围,大气 atom n.原子 attach v. 系上,依附 attack vt. 攻击,袭击 attempt vt. 试图,尝试 attention n. 注意,关心 attitude n. 态度,看法 attract v. 吸引,引起 attraction[?'triff?n]n.吸引,爱慕 audience n. 观众 aunt n. 伯母;舅母;婶;姑;姨 author n. 作者 authority n. 当局 automatic[,R:t?'tiki]a.自动的,机械的 autumn n. 秋天,秋季 available adj. 有效的,可利用的 avenue n. 大道 average a. 平均的;普通的 n. 平均数 avoid v. 避免 awake (awoke, awo ken) v. 唤醒 醒着的 award n. 奖品 aware adj. 意识到 away ad. 离开;远离 awful adj. 可怕的 B baby n. 婴儿 back ad. 回(原处);向后 n. 背后,后部;背 background n. 背景 backward(s) ad. 向后 bacon n. 咸猪肉;熏猪肉 bad (worse, worst) a. 坏的;有害的,严重的 badminton n. 羽毛球 bag n. 书包;提包;袋子 baggage n. 行李 balance n.平衡 ball n. 球 . 舞会 balloon n. 气球 bamboo n. 竹子 banana n. 香蕉 band n. 乐队 bank n. (河、海、湖的)岸,堤 n. 银行 bar n. 酒吧,条,棒 barbecue n. 烤肉 bargain n. (经讨价还价之后)成交的商品;廉价货 v. 讨价还价 bark v. n. 吠叫 base n.&v 根据地,基地;(棒球)垒 baseball n. 棒球 basement n. 地下室 basic a. 基本的 basin n. 水盆,脸盆 basis n. 基础 basket n. 篮子 basketball n. 篮球 bat n. (棒球、板球的)球棒 蝙蝠 bath n. 洗澡;浴室;澡盆 bathe vi. 洗澡;游泳 bathroom n. 浴室,盥洗室 bathtub n. 澡盆 battery n. 电池 battle n. 战斗;战役 BC n. 公元前 be v. 是(原形),其人称和时态形式有 am, is, are, was, were, being, been;成为 beach n. 海滨,海滩 bean n, 豆,豆科植物 bear n. 熊 bear v. (bore,born/borne)负担,承担;忍受; beard n. (下巴上的)胡须 beast n. 野兽 beautiful a. 美的,美丽的,美观的 beauty n. 美丽,美人 because conj. 因为 become (became, be come) v. 变得;成为 bed n. 床 bedroom n. 寝室,卧室 bee n.. 蜜蜂 beef n. 牛肉 beer n. 啤酒 before prep. 在……以前;在……前面 ad. 以前 conj. 在……之前 beat(beat-beaten) v: .打,拍,敲;.打败(敌人等);胜过,超过。。 n:(连续的)敲打;敲打声;鼓声;(时钟等的)滴答声 beg v. 请求,乞求,乞讨 begin(began,begun) v. 开始,着手 behave v. 举止,使端庄 behaviour n. 行为,举止 behind prep. (表示位置)在……后面 ad. 在后面;向后 belief n. 信条,信念 believe v. 相信,认为 bell n. 钟,铃;钟(铃)声;钟形物 belong vi. 属,附属 below prep. 在……下面 belt n. (皮)带 bench n. 长凳; 工作台 bend (bent, bent) vt. 使弯曲 beneath prep. 在……下方(面) beneficial adj. 有益的 benefit n. v. 利益 beside prep. 在……旁边;靠近 besides prep. 除……以外(还有) ad. 还有,此外 between prep. 在(两者)之间;在……中间 beyond prep. (表示位置) 在……的那边 bicycle n. 自行车 bike n.自行车 big a. 大的 bill n.账单;法案,议案; (美)钞票,纸币 biology n. 生物(学) bird n. 鸟 birth n. 出生; 诞生 birthday n. 生日 birthplace n. 出生地;故乡 biscuit n. 饼干 bit n. 一点,一些,少量的 bite (bit, bitten) v. 咬;叮

bitter a. 有苦味的;痛苦的,难过的;严酷的 black n. 黑色 a. 黑色的 blackboard n. 黑板 blame n.& v. 责备; 责怪 blank n&a. 空格,空白(处);空的;茫然无表情的 blanket n. 毛毯,毯子 bleed v. 流血(bled,bled) blind a. 瞎的 block n. 大块;(木、石等)块;街区;路障 vt. 阻塞;阻挡 blood n. 血,血液 blouse n. 宽罩衫;(妇女、儿童穿的)短上衣 blow n. 击;打击 (blew, blown) v. 吹;刮风;吹气 blue n. 蓝色 a.蓝色的 a. 悲伤的;沮丧的 board n. 木板;布告牌;委员会;(政府的)部 v. 上(船、火车、飞机) boat n. 小船,小舟 body n. 身体 boil v. 沸腾;烧开;煮…… bomb n. v. 炸弹 bond n. v. 结合,使结合 bone n. 骨头,骨质(复数 bones 骨骼;骨骸) bonus n. 红利;额外津贴;奖金 book n. 书;本子 v. 预定,定(房间、车票等) boot n. 长统靴;靴 bored adj. 无聊的 boring adj. 令人无聊的 born a. 出生 borrow v. (向别人)借用;借 boss n. 领班;老板 both a. 两;双 pron. 两者;双方 bother v. 打扰,烦扰,麻烦 bottle n. 瓶子 bottom n. 底部;底 bowl n. 碗 bowling n. 保龄球 box n. 盒子,箱子 boxing n. 拳击(运动) boy n. 男孩 brain n. 脑(子) brake n. v. 刹车 branch n. 树枝;分枝;分公司,分店;支部 brand n. brave a. 勇敢的 bread n. 面包 break n. 间隙 (broke, broken) v. 打破(断,碎);损坏,撕开 breakfast n. 早餐 breast n. 乳房,胸部 breath n. 气息;呼吸 breathe vi. 呼吸 bride n. 新娘 bridegroom n. 新郎 bridge n. 桥 brief adj. 简洁的 bright a. 明亮的;聪明的 brilliant adj 杰出的,优秀的;辉煌的;出色的,光辉的;明亮的;色彩艳丽的 bring (brought, brought) vt. 拿来,带来,取来 broad a. 宽的,宽大的 broadcast n. 广播节目 (broadcast, broadcast 或 ed, ed) vt. 广播 broken a. 弄坏了的 broom n. 扫帚 brother n. 兄;弟 brown n. 褐色,棕色 a. 褐色的,棕色的 brush v. 刷;擦 n. 刷子 budget n. 廉价的物品 build (built, built) v. 建筑;造 building n. 建筑物;房屋;大楼 buffet n 打击,殴打;一巴掌,一拳 bunch n. 串,束 burglar n. 窃贼 burn (ed, ed 或 burnt, burnt) v. 燃,烧,着火;使烧焦;使晒黑 n. 烧伤;晒伤 bury vt. 埋;葬 bus n. 公交车 bush n. 灌木丛,矮树丛 business n. (本分)工作,职业;职责;生意,交易;事业 businessman/ woman 商人男/女;男/女企业家 busy a. 忙(碌)的 but conj. 但是,可是 prep. 除了,除……外 butcher n. vt. 肉店;屠夫 屠宰(动物);残杀(人) butter n. 黄油,奶油 butterfly n. 蝴蝶,蝶泳 button n. 纽扣;(电铃等的)按钮 v. 扣(纽扣) buy(bought,bought) vt. 买 by prep. 靠近,在……旁;在……时间;不迟于;被;用;由;乘(车) bye-bye int. 再见 C cabbage n. 卷心菜,洋白菜 cafe n. 咖啡馆; 餐馆 cage n 笼;鸟笼 cake n. 蛋糕,糕点;饼 calculate v. 计算 call n. 喊,叫;电话,通话 v. 称呼;呼唤;喊,叫 calm a. 镇静的; 沉着的 v. 镇静; 沉着 camel n. 骆驼 camera n. 照相机;摄像机 camp n. (夏令)营 vi. 野营; 宿营 can (could) can't = can not modal v. 可能;能够;可以 不能 can n. (美)罐头;罐子 (美)垃圾桶 开罐器 cancel v. 取消 cancer n. 癌症

candle n. 蜡烛 candy n. 糖果 canteen n. 食堂 cap n. (无檐的或仅在前面有檐的)帽子;(瓶子的)盖;(钢笔等的)笔套 capital n. 首都,省会;大写;资本 captain n. (海军)上校;船长,舰长;队长 car n. 汽车,小卧车〖〗 card n. 卡片 care n. 照料,保护;小心 v. 介意……,在乎;关心 careful a. 小心的,仔细的,谨慎的 careless a. 粗心的,漫不经心的 carpenter n. 木匠 carpet n. 地毯 carriage n. .四轮马车;(火车)客车厢 carrot n.胡萝卜 carry vt. 拿,搬,带,提,抬,背,抱,运等 cartoon n. 卡通 case n. 情况;病例;案件;真相 n. 箱;盒;容器 cash n. v. 现金 cassette n.磁带 castle n. 城堡 casual adj. 临时的,非正式的 cat n. 猫 catch v. (caught,caught) cattle n. 牛(总称),家畜 cause n. 原因,起因 vt. 促使,引起,使发生 cautious adj.谨慎的 cave n. 洞,穴;地窖 CD = compact disk 光盘 ceiling n. [C]天花板,顶篷 celebrate v. 庆祝 cent n. 美分(100 cents = 1 dollar) centigrade a. 摄氏的 centimetre/er n. 厘米 central a. 中心的,中央的;主要的 centre (美 center ) n. 中心,中央 century n. 世纪,百年 ceremony n. 仪式 certain a. (未指明真实名称的)某……;确定的,无疑的;一定会…… chain n. 链; 链条 chair n. 椅子 chairman n. 主席,会长;议长 chairwoman n. 女主席, 女会长;女议长 chalk n. 粉笔 challenge n. challenging adj. chance n. 机会,可能性 change n. 零钱;找头 v. 改变,变化;更换;兑换 channel n. chant v. n. 圣歌 character n. 性格,特征 charge v. n. 费用,充电,要价 chapter n. 章 chart n. .图表;航海图 chat n. & vi. 聊天,闲谈 cheap a. 便宜的,贱 cheat n. v. 欺骗,作弊 check n. 检查;批改 vt. 校对,核对; 检查;批改 cheek n. 面颊,脸蛋 cheer n. & vi. 欢呼; 喝彩 Cheerful a.兴高采烈的,快活的 cheese n. 奶酪 chef n. 主厨,大师傅 chemical a. 化学的 n. 化学品 chemist n. 药剂师;化学家 chemistry n. 化学 cheque (美 check) n. 支票 chess n.象棋 chest n. 箱子;盒子;胸部 chew v. 咀嚼 chicken n. 鸡;鸡肉 chief a. 主要的; 首要的 n. 领导,头 child (复 children) n. 孩子,儿童 childhood n. 幼年时代,童年 chocolate n. 巧克力 choice n. 选择;抉择 choose (chose, chosen) vt. 选择 chopsticks n. 筷子 Christmas n. 圣诞节(12 月 25 日) church n. 教堂;教会 cigar n. 雪茄烟 cigarette n. 香烟 cinema n. 电影院;电影 circle n. vt. 圆圈 将……圈起来 circus n. 马戏团 citizen n. 公民;居民 city n. 市,城市,都市 civil adj. 公民的,国内的 civilization n. 文明 clap vi. 拍手; 鼓掌 class n. (学校里的)班;年级;课 classic adj. 经典的 classmate n. 同班同学 classroom n. 教室 claw n. 爪子 clean vt. 弄干净,擦干净 a. 清洁的,干净的 cleaner n. 清洁工;清洁器;清洁剂 clear a.清晰的;明亮的;清楚的& v. clerk n. 书记员;办事员;职员 clever a. 聪明的,伶俐的 climate n. 气候 climb v. 爬,攀登 clinic n. 诊所 clock n. 钟 clone v. 克隆 close a. 亲密的;近,靠近 ad. 近,靠近 vt. 关,关闭 cloth n. 布 clothes n. 衣服;各种衣物 clothing n. (总称) 衣服 cloud n. 云;云状物;阴影 cloudy a. 多云的,阴天的 club n. 俱乐部;纸牌中的梅花 coach n. 教练 coal n. 煤;煤块 coast n. 海岸;海滨 coat n. 外套;涂层;表皮;皮毛 vt. 给……穿外套;涂上 cocoa['k?uk?u]n.可可粉 coffee n. 咖啡 coin n. 硬币 coke n. 可卡因

cold a. 冷的,寒的 n. 寒冷;感冒,伤风 collar n. 衣领; 硬领 collect vt. 收集,搜集 college n. 学院;专科学校 colour (美 color) n. 颜色 vt. 给……着色,涂色 comb n. 梳子 v. 梳 come (came, come) vi. 来,来到 comfort n. 安慰; 慰问 comfortable a. 舒服的;安逸的;舒服自在的 comment n. 评论 committee n.委员会 common a. 普通的,一般的;共有的 communicate v. 通讯,传达 communication n. 交流,通讯 companion n. 同伴;同事 company n. 公司 compare vt. 比较,对照 compete v. 竞争,比赛 competition n. 竞争,比赛 complete a. 完成的 vt. 完成,结束 composition. n. [C]作文[U]写作,作曲 comprehension n.理解 computer n. 电子计算机 concentrate v. 集中;聚集,集结 concept n. 念,观念,思想[C] concern v. n. 关注 concert n. .[C]音乐会[U]一致 conclude v. 完成,结束 conclusion n. 结论;结束 condition n. 条件,状况 conduct v. 进行,管理,导电 conductor n. 管理人;指导者;(车上的)售票员,列车员;乐队指挥 confident adj. 自信的 conference n.会议 confirm v. 证实,确认 confuse v. 使迷惑 congratulation n. 祝贺,庆贺 connect vt. 连接,把……联系起来 connection n. 联系,连接 consequence n. 结果,后果 consider vt. 考虑 consideration n. 考虑;关心 consist v. 组成 constant a. 经常的,不断的 construction n. 建造,建设;建筑物 consult v. 与...商量,咨询 contain v. 包含;包括;能容纳 contemporary a. 当代的 content a. 甘愿的,满意的 n. 内容 continent n. 大陆,大洲;陆地 continue vi. 继续 contrary adj. n. 相反的 contribution n. 贡献 control vt.& n. 控制 convenience n. 便利 convenient a. 便利的,方便的 conversation n. 谈话,交谈 cook n. 炊事员,厨师 v. 烹调,做饭 cooker n. 炉子 cookie n. 饼干 cool a. 凉的,凉爽的;酷 copy n. 抄本,副本;一本(份,册……) v. 抄写;复印;(计算机用语)拷(备 份盘) corn n. 玉米,谷物 corner n. 角;角落;拐角 corporation n. 公司,法人 correct v. 改正;纠正 a. 正确的,对的;恰当的 correction n. 改正 cost n. 价格 (cost, cost) v. 值(多少钱);花费 cosy a. 舒适的,安逸的 cottage n.[C](郊外的)小屋,村舍;别墅 cotton n. 棉花 a. 棉花的 cough n.& vi. 咳嗽 could modal v. (can 的过去式)可以…;(表示许可或请求)可以……,行 count vt. 数,点数 country n. 国家;农村,乡下 countryside n. 乡下,农村 couple n. 夫妇,一对 courage n. 勇气; 胆略 course n. 过程;经过;课程 court n. 法庭;法院 courtyard n. 庭院,院子 cousin n. 堂(表)兄弟,堂(表)姐妹 cover n. 盖子;罩 v. 覆盖,遮盖;掩盖 cow n. 母牛,奶牛 crayon n. 蜡笔 crazy a. 疯狂的 cream[kri:m]n.[U]奶油,乳脂[C,U]含奶油的食品 adj.奶油色的,淡黄色的 create v. 创造 creature n. 生物 credit n. 信用 crime n. 罪行 criminal n. 罪犯 crop n. 庄稼;收成 cross a. 脾气不好的,易怒的 n. 十字形的东西 vt. 越过;穿过 crossroads n. 交叉路口 crowd n. 人群 vt. 拥挤,群聚 cruel a. 残忍的,残酷的;无情的 cry n. 叫喊;哭声 v. 喊叫;哭 culture n. 文化 cup n. 茶杯 cupboard n. 碗柜;橱柜 curtain n. 窗帘 custom n. 习惯,习俗,风俗习惯 customer n. (商店等的)顾客,主顾 customs n. 海关,习俗 cut (cut, cut) v. n. 切,剪,削,割 伤口 cycle vi .骑自行车

cyclist n. 骑自行车的人

dad = daddy n. (口语)爸爸,爹爹 daily a. 每日的;日常的 ad. 每天 n. 日报 damage n.& vt. 毁坏,损害 damp adj.潮湿的 n.[U]潮湿 vt.使潮湿 dance n.& vi. 跳舞 danger n. 危险 dangerous a. 危险的 dare v.& aux. (后接不带 to 的不定式;主要用于疑问,否定或条件句)敢,敢于

dark n. 黑暗;暗处;日暮 a. 黑暗的;暗淡的;深色的 darkness n. 黑暗,阴暗 data n. 资料,数据 date n. 日期;约会. daughter n. 女儿 day n. (一)天,(一)日;白天 dead a. 死的;无生命的 deaf a. 聋的 deal n. 量,数额;交易 v.(dealt,dealt) dear int. 哎呀!唷! a. 亲爱的;贵的 death n. 死 debt n. 债务; 欠款 decide v. 决定;下决心 decision n. 决定;决心 decorate vt.装饰……,修饰…… decrease v. 减少 deed n. 行为;事迹 deep a. 深 ad. 深;深厚 deer n. 鹿 defeat vt. 击败;战胜 defence (美 defense) n. & v. 防御;防务 defend vt. 防守;保卫 degree n. 程度;度数;学位 delicious a. 美味的,可口的 delighted a. 快乐的 demand vt. 要求 dentist n. 牙科医生 department(缩 Dept.) n. 部门;(机关的)司,处;(大学的)系

depend vi. 依靠,依赖,指望;取决于 depth n. 深,深度 describe vt. 描写,叙述 description n. 描述,描写 desert n. 沙漠 vt. 舍弃; 遗弃 deserve v. design n.& vt. n. 设计,策划 图案,图样,样式 desire vt. & n. 要求;期望 desk n. 书桌,写字台 dessert n. 甜点 destroy vt. 破坏,毁坏 detective n. 应受,该得 determine vt. 决定;决心 develop v. (使)发展;(使)发达;(使)发育;开发 vt. 冲洗(照片) development n. 发展,发达,发育,开发 devote vt. 把……奉献; 把…专用(于) devotion n. 奉献,奉献精神 dial vt. 拨(电话号码) dialogue (美 dialog) n. 对话 diamond n. 钻石,金刚石;纸牌中的方块 diary n. 日记;日记簿 dictation n. 听写 dictionary n. 词典,字典 die v. 死;渴望 diet n. 饮食 differ v. 相异,有区别 difference n. 不同 different a. 不同的,有差异的 difficult a. 难的;艰难的;不易相处的 difficulty n. 困难,费力 dig (dug, dug) v. 挖(洞、沟等);掘 dinner n. 正餐,宴会 dinosaur n. 恐龙 dip vt. 浸,蘸;把……放入又取出 direct a. vt. 直接的;直达的;直截了当的 指挥;指导;监督;管理;指挥(演奏);导演(电影) direction n. 方向;方位 director n. 所长,处长,主任;董事;导演 dirty a. 脏的 disability n. 残疾;无能 disabled a. 残废的,残疾的 disadvantage n. 不利条件;弱点 disagree vi. 意见不一致,持不同意见 disagreement n. 意见不一致;相违;争论 disappear vi. 消失 disappinted adj. 感到失望 disaster n. 灾难;祸患 discount n. 折扣 discover vt. 发现 discovery n. 发现 discuss vt. 讨论,议论 discussion n. 讨论,辩论 disease n. 病,疾病 dish n. 盘,碟;盘装菜;盘形物 disk=disc[disk]n.磁盘 dislike vt. 不喜爱;厌恶 dismiss vt. 让……离开;遣散;解散;解雇 distance n. 距离 distant a. 远的,遥远的 distinction n. 区别,分清,差别;对比 distinguish v. 区分 district n. 区;地区;区域 disturb vt. 扰乱;打扰 dive vi. 跳水 divide vt. 分,划分 division n. (算术用语)除 divorce v. 与...离婚,使离婚 do (did, done) don't=do not 做,不干 v. & aux. 做,干(用以构成疑问句及否定句。第三人称单数现在时用 does) 不

doctor n. 医生,大夫;博士

document n. 文件;文献 dog n. 狗 doll n. 玩偶,玩具娃 dollar n. 元(美国、加拿大、澳大利亚等国货币单位) door n. 门 dormitory n. 学生宿舍(缩写式 dorm) double a. 两倍的;双的 n. 两个;双 double n. v. 两倍,加倍 doubt n.& v. 怀疑,疑惑

down prep. 沿着,沿……而下 ad. 向下 downstairs ad. 在楼下;到楼下 downtown ad. 往或在城市的商业区(或中心区、闹市区) n. 城市的商业区,中心区,闹市区 城市的商业区的, 中心区的,闹市区的 dozen n. 十二个;几十,许多 Dr(缩) = Doctor n. 医生,大夫;博士 drag v. 拖;拽 draw (drew, drawn) v. 绘画;绘制;拉,拖;提取(金钱) drawer n. dream (dreamt, dreamt 或 ed, ed) n.& vt. 梦,梦想

dress n. 女服,连衣裙;(统指)服装;童装 v. 穿衣;穿着 drill n. 钻头;(反复的)训练 vt. 钻(孔), 在……上钻孔;重复训练 drink n. 饮料;喝酒 drive(drove,driven) v.(drank,drunk) 喝,饮 v. 驾驶,开(车);驱赶 driver n. 司机,驾驶员

drop n. 滴 v. 掉下,落下;投递;放弃 drug n. 药,药物;毒品 drum n. 鼓 drunk a. 醉的 dry v. 使……干;弄干;擦干 a. 干的;干燥的 duck n. 鸭子 dumpling n. during prep. 在……期间;在……过程中 dusk n. 黄昏 dust n. 尘土 dustbin n. 垃圾箱 dusty adj.尘土一般的,灰尘弥漫的 duty n. 责任,义务 DVD 数码影碟(digital versatile disk) E each a.& pron. 每人,每个,每件 eagle n. 鹰 ear n. 耳朵;耳状物;听力,听觉

early a. 早的 ad. 早地 earn vt. 挣得,赚得 earth n. 地球;土,泥;大地 earthquake n. 地震 east a. 东方的;东部的;朝东的;从东方来的 ad. 在东方;向东方;从东方 n. 东,东方;东部 Easter n. 复活节 eastern a. 东方的;东部的 easy a. 容易的,不费力的 eat (ate, eaten) v. 吃 edge n. 边缘 editor n. 编辑 educate vt. 教育,培养 educator n. 教育家 education n. 教育,培养 effort n. 努力,艰难的尝试 egg n. 蛋;卵 eggplant n. 茄子 either a. 两方任一方的;二者之一 conj. 二者之一;要么……ad. (用于否定句或短语后)也 elder n. 长者;前辈 electric a. 电的 electrical a. 电的;电器的 electricity n. 电;电流 elephant n. 象 else ad. 别的,其他的 E-mail/ e-mail n. v. 电子邮件 发电子邮件 embarrass v. 使困窘,使尴尬 embassy n. 大使馆 emergency n. 紧急情况或状态 employ vt. 雇佣 ,使用 empty a. 空的 encourage vt. 鼓励 encouragement n. 鼓励 end n. 末尾;终点;结束 v. 结束,终止 enemy n. 敌人;敌军 energetic a. 精力旺盛的 energy n. 精力,能量 engine n. 发动机,引擎 engineer n. 工程师;技师 enjoy vt. 欣赏;享受……之乐趣;喜欢 enjoyable a. 愉快的;有趣的 enough n. 足够;充足 a. 足够的;充分的 ad. 足够地;充分地 enter vt. 进入 enthusiastic a.热情的 entire a. 整个的,全部的 entrance n. 入口;入场;进入的权利;入学许可 envelope n. 信封 环境 environment n. 环境 enquiry[in'kwai?ri]n.询问 envy vt.& n. 忌妒; 羡慕 equal a. 平等的 vt. 等于,使等于 equipment n. 装备,设备

eraser n. 橡皮擦;黑板擦 error n. 错误;差错 escape n.& vi. 逃跑;逃脱 especially ad. 特别,尤其 essay n.散文;文章;随笔. Europe* n. 欧洲 European a. 欧洲的,欧洲人的 n. 欧洲人 evaluate[i'v?ljueit] v.评估,评价 even ad. 甚至,连(……都);更 evening n. 傍晚,晚上 event n. ad. 事件,大事 ever ad. 曾经;无论何时 every a. 每一,每个的 everybody pron. 每人,人人 everyday a. 每日的; 日常的 everyone pron. 每人,人人 everything pron. 每件事,事事 everywhere ad. 到处 exact a. 精确的;确切的 evidence n. 证据 exact adj.准确的 exam = examination n. 考试,测试;检查;审查 examine vt. 检查;诊察 example n. 例子;榜样 excellent a. 极好的,优秀的 except prep. 除……之外 exchange n. 交换,掉换;交流 excite vt. 使兴奋,使激动 excuse n. 借口;辩解 vt. 原谅;宽恕 exercise n. 锻炼,做操;练习,习题 vi. 锻炼 exhibition n. 展览;展览会 exist vi. 存在 eaistence n. 存在;生存;存在物 exit n. 出口,太平门 expect vt. 预料;盼望;认为 expectation n. 预料;期望 expensive a. 昂贵的 experience n. 经验;经历 experiment n. 实验 expert n. 专家,能手 explain vt. 解释,说明 explanation n. 解释,说明 explode v. (使)爆炸 explore n. 探索 export n.v. 出口 express vt. 表达;表示;表情 n. 快车,特快专递 expression n. 表达;词句;表示,说法;表情 extra a. 额外的,外加的 extraordinary a. 离奇的;使人惊奇的 extreme a. 极其,非常 eye n. 眼睛 eyesight n. 视力;视觉 F face n. 脸 vt. 面向;面对 facial a. 面部用的 fact n. 事实,现实 factory n. 工厂 fail v. 失败;不及格;衰退 failure n. 失败 fair1 a. 公平的,合理的 fair2 a. (肤色)白皙的; (人)白肤金发的 fair3 n. 集市;庙会;展览会 fall 1. n. (美)秋季 autumn fall 2 (fell, fallen) vi. 落(下),降落;倒 false a. 不正确的;假的 familiar a. 熟悉的 family n. 家庭;家族;子女 famous a. 著名的 fan1 n. (电影、运动等的)迷;热心的爱好者(支持者) fan2 n. 风扇 fantastic a 极好的,美妙的,很棒的 幻想,梦想 far (比较级 farther, 最高级 farthest 或 further,furthest) a.& ad. 远的;远地 fare n. (乘车或船等的)费用,票(价) farm n. 农场;农庄 farmer n. 农民 fast a. 快的,迅速的;紧密的 ad. 快地,迅速地;紧密地 fat n. 脂肪 a. 胖的;肥的 father n. 父亲 fault n. 缺点,毛病 favour (美 favor) n. 恩惠;好意;帮助 favourite (美 favorite)a. 喜爱的 n. 特别喜爱的人 fax n. 传真 fear n. 害怕;恐惧; 担忧 feather n. 羽毛 fee n. 费,费用 feed (fed, fed) vt. 喂(养);饲(养) feel (felt, felt) v.& link 感觉,觉得;摸,触 feeling n. 感情;感觉 fellow n. 同伴;伙伴 female a. 女的;女性的;雌性的 fence n. 栅栏;围栏;篱笆 festival a. 节日的,喜庆的 fetch vt. (去)取(物)来,(去)带(人) fever n. 发烧;发热 few pron. 不多;少数 不多的;少数的 field n. 田地;牧场;场地 fierce a. 猛烈的 fight(fought,fought)v.&n 打仗,打架;与…打架 n.[C]战斗,斗争 file n. 公文柜;档案,(计算机)文档 fill vt. 填空,装满 film n. 电影;影片;胶卷 vt. 拍摄,把……拍成电影 final a. 最后的;终极的 find (found, found) vt. 找到,发现,感到 fine1 a. 细的;晴朗的;美好的;(身体)健康的 fine2 n.& v. 罚款 finger n. 手指 finish v. 结束;做完 fire n. 火;火炉;火灾 vi. 开火,开(枪,炮等),射击 firm1 n. 公司; 企业 firm2 a. 坚固的,坚定的 fish n. 鱼;鱼肉 vi. 钓鱼;捕鱼

fisherman n. 渔民;钓鱼健身者 fist n. 拳(头) fit a. 健康的, 适合的 v. (使)适合,安装 fix vt. 修理;安装; 确定,决定 flag n. 旗;标志;旗舰 flame n. 火焰,光辉 flash n. 闪;闪光; 转瞬间 flashlight n. 手电 flat a. 平的 n. 楼中一套房间; 公寓(常用复数) flesh n. 肉 flight1 n. 航班 flight2 n. 楼梯的一段 flood n. 洪水 vt. 淹没,使泛滥 floor n. 地面,地板;(楼房的)层 flour n. 面粉,粉 flow vi. 流动 flower n. 花 flu n. 流行性感 fluent adj. 流畅的 fly n. 飞行;苍蝇 fly (flew, flown) vi. (鸟、飞机)飞;(人乘飞机)飞行;(旗子等)飘动 vt. 空运(乘客,货物等);放(风筝、飞机模型等) focus v. n. 焦点,聚焦 fog n. 雾 foggy a. 多雾的 fold vt. 折叠;合 folk a. 民间的 follow vt. 跟随;仿效;跟得上 fond a. 喜爱的,爱好的 food n. 食物,食品 fool n. 傻子,蠢人 foolish a. 愚蠢的,傻的 foot (复 feet) n. 足,脚;英尺 football n. (英式)足球;(美式)橄榄球 for prep. 为了……;向……, 往……;与……交换;防备……;适合……;因为……;在……期 间;对于……;对……来 说 conj. 因为,由于 force vt. 强迫,迫使 forecast n. & vt. 预告 (forecast, forecast 或-ed,-ed) forehead n. 前额 foreign a. 外国的 foreigner n. 外国人 forest n. 森林 forever ad. 永远;永恒的 forget (forgot, for gotten) v. 忘记;忘掉

forgetful[f?'getf?l]a.健忘的,不留心的 forgive (forgave, forgiven) vt. 原谅,宽恕 fork n. 叉,餐叉 form n. 表格;形式;结构 fortunate a. 幸运的; 侥幸的 forward ad. 将来,今后;向前,前进 foster v. 养育,领养,培养,促进 found vt. 成立,建立 fox n. 狐狸 franc n. 法郎 free a. 自由的,空闲的;免费的 freedom n. 自由 freeway n. 高速道路;高速公路 freeze (froze, frozen) vi. 结冰 frequent a. 经常的;频繁的 fresh a. 新鲜的 fridge =refrigerator n. 冰 friend n. 朋友 friendly a. 友好的 friendship n. 友谊,友情 frighten vt. 使惊恐,吓唬 frog n. 青蛙 from prep. 从;从……起;距;来自 front a. 前面的;前部的 n. 前面;前部;前线 frost n. 霜 fruit n. 水果;果实 fry v. 油炸 fuel n. 燃料 full a. 满的,充满的;完全的 fun n. 有趣的事,娱乐,玩笑 function n.&v future n. 将来 vt. 赢得;挣得 funny a. 有趣的,滑稽可笑的 fur n. 毛皮;皮子 furniture n. (总称)家具 G gain v. 获得 game n. 游戏;运动;比赛 garage n. 汽车间(库 garbage n. 垃圾 garden n. 花园,果园,菜园 garlic n. 大蒜;蒜头 gas n. 煤气 gate n. 大门 general a&n. generation n. 代,一代 generous adj. 慷慨的 gentle a. 温柔的,轻轻的 gentleman n. 绅士,先生;有身份、有教养的人 geography n. 地理学 gesture n. 姿势,手势 get (got , got) vt. 成为;得到;具有;到达 gift n. 赠品; 礼物 gifted a. 有天赋的; 有才华的 giraffe n. 长颈鹿 girl n. 女孩 give (gave, given) vt. 给;递给;付出;给予 glad a. 高兴的;乐意的 glass n. 玻璃杯;玻璃;(复)眼镜 glory n. 巨大的光荣;荣誉;赞美 glove n. 手套 glue n. 胶水 go 1. (went, gone) vi. 去;走;驶;通到;到达 goat n. 山羊 god n. 神,(大写)上帝 gold n. 黄金 a 金的,黄金的 golden a. 金色的;金制的;黄金般的 golf n. 高尔夫球 good (比较级 better, 最高级 best) a. 好;良好 goose (复 geese) n. 鹅

government n. 政府 grade n. 等级;(中小学的)学年;成绩,分数 graduate v. 毕业 graduation n. 毕业,毕业典礼 grain n. 谷物,谷类 gram n. 克(重量单位) grammar n. 语法 grandchild n. (外)孙或孙女,孙辈 granddaughter n. (外)孙女 grandma = grandmother n. 奶奶;外婆 grandpa = grandfather n. 爷爷;外公 grandparents n. 祖父母,外祖父母 grandson n. (外)孙子 granny n. 老奶奶;祖母;外婆 grape n. 葡萄 graph n. 坐标图,图表。 grasp v. 抓住;紧握 grass n. 草;草场;牧草 great a. 伟大的;重要的;好极了 ad. (口语)好极了,很好 greedy a. 贪婪的 green a. 绿色的;青的 n. 绿色 greengrocer n. (英)蔬菜水果商 greeting n. 祝贺 grey / gray a. 灰色的; 灰白的 grocer n. 零售商人;食品店 grocery n. 杂货店 ground n. 地面 group n. 组,群 grow (grew, grown) v. 生长;发育;种植;变成 guard n. 防护装置,警戒 guess vi. 猜 guest n. 客人,宾客 guidance n. 引导,指导 guide n. 向导,导游者 guilty a. 有罪的;犯法的;做错事的 guitar n. 吉他,六弦琴 gun n. 枪,炮 gym =gymnasium n. 体操; 体育馆; 健身房 gymnastics n. 体操 H habit n. 习惯,习性 hair n. 头发 half a.& n. 半,一半,半个 hall n. 大厅,会堂,礼堂;过道 ham n. 火腿 hamburger n. 汉堡包 hammer n. 锤子,锣锤 hand n. 手;指针 v. 递;给;交付 交上;交进 handbag n. 女用皮包,手提包 handkerchief n. 手帕 handle n. 柄,把 v. 处理 handsome a. 英俊的 hang(hanged,hanged) handwriting n. 书法 handy a. 便利的,顺手的 v. 处(人)绞刑;上吊 hang (hung, hung)v. 悬挂,吊着;把??吊起

happen vi. (偶然)发生 happiness n. 幸福,愉快 happy a. 幸福的;快乐的,高兴的 harbour (美 harbor) n. 港口 hard ad. 努力地;使劲;猛烈地 a.硬的;困难的 hardly ad. 几乎不 hardship n. 困难 hardworking a. 努力工作的 harm n.&v. 伤害;损伤 harmful a. 有害的;致伤的 harvest n.& vt. 收割,收获(物) hat n. 帽子(一般指有边的);礼帽 hate vt.& n. 恨,讨厌 have (had, had) vt. 有;吃;喝;进行;经受 he pron. 他 head n. 头;头脑(像);才智;首脑;源头;标题 a. 头部的;主要的;首席的 v. 率领;加标题;用头顶;出发;(船等)驶向 headache n. 头疼 headmaster/ mistress n. (英)中小学校长 health n. 健康,卫生 healthy a. 健康的,健壮的 hear (heard, heard) v. 听见;听说,得知 heart n. 心;心脏;纸牌中的红桃 heat n. 热 vt. 把??加热 heaven n. heavy a. 重的 heel n. 脚后跟 height n. 高,高度 helicopter n. 直升飞机 hello int. 喂;你好(表示打招呼,问候或唤起注意) help n. & vt. 帮助,帮忙 helpful a. 有帮助的,有益的 here ad. 这里,在这里;向这里 hen n. 母鸡 her pron. 她(宾格),她的

hero n. 英雄,勇士,男主角

hers pron. 她的(名词性物主代词) herself pron. 她自己 hesitate v. .犹豫,踌躇;不愿 hi int. 你好(表示打招呼、问候或唤起注 意) hide (hid, hidden) v. 把??藏起来,隐藏 high a. 高的;高度的 ad. 高地 highway n. 公路 hill n. 小山;丘陵;土堆;斜坡 him pron. 他(宾格)

himself pron. 他自己 hire vt. 租用 his pron. 他的 history n. 历史,历史学 hit (hit, hit) n.& vt. 打,撞,击中 hobby n. 业余爱好,嗜好 hold (held, held) vt.拿;抱;握住;举行;进行 hole n. 洞,坑 holiday n. 假日;假期 home n. 家 ad. 到家;回家 homeland n. 祖国 hometown n. 故乡 homework n. 家庭作业 honest a. 诚实的,正直的 honey n. 蜂蜜 honour (美 honor) n. 荣誉 vt. 尊敬,给予荣誉 hope n.& v. 希望 hopeful a. 有希望的;有前途的〖〗 hopeless a. 没有希望的;不可救药的 horrible['hRr?bl]a.令人恐惧的;恐怖的 horse n. 马 hospital n. 医院 host n. 主人;节目主持人 v. 做主人招待 hostess n. 女主人 hot a. 热的 hotdog n. 热狗(红肠面包) hotel n. 旅馆,饭店,宾馆 hour n. 小时 house n. 房子;住宅 housewife n. 家庭主妇 housework n. 家务劳动 how ad. 怎样,如何;多少;多么 howl[haul]vi.嚎叫,嚎哭 however ad. 可是 conj. 然而,可是,尽管如此 hug v. 拥抱 huge a. 巨大的,庞大的 human a. 人的,人类的 n. human being n. 人 humorous a. 富于幽默的 humour (美 humor) n. 幽默, 幽默感 hunger n. 饥饿 hungry a. (饥)饿的 hunt vt. 寻找;狩猎,猎取 hunter n. 猎人 hurry vi. 赶快;急忙 hurt (hurt, hurt) vt. 伤害,受伤;伤人感情 husband hydrogen n. n. 丈夫 I I pron. 我 ice n. 冰 ice-cream n. 冰淇淋 idea n. 主意,意见,打算,想法 identity n. 身份 idiom n. 习语,成语 if conj. 如果,假使;是否,是不是 ill a. 有病的;不健康的 illegal adj. 非法的 illness n. 疾病 imagine vt. 想像,设想 immediately ad. 立即 import v.& n. 进口,输入 importance n. 重要性 important a. 重要的 impossible a. 不可能的 impression n. 印象,感觉 improve vt. 改进,更新 in prep. 在??里(内);在??;以?? ad. 在家,在内,向内 inch n. 英寸 incident n. 事件 include vt. 包含,包括 income n. 收入,所得 increase v. & n. 增加,繁殖 indeed a. 确实; 实在 independence n. 独立 independent a. 独立的; 有主见的 indicate v. 指示;指出,表明;象征;暗示 industry n.产业 influence n.& v. 影响 information n. 信息 injure vt. 损害,伤害 injury n. 受伤处 ink n. 墨水,油墨 inn n. 小旅店;小饭店 innocent adj.无辜的 insect n. 昆虫 insert vt. 插入 inside prep. 在??里面 ad. 在里面 insist vi. 坚持;坚决认为 inspect vt. 检查;检验;审视 instant a. 瞬间;刹那 instead ad. 代替,顶替 institute n. (研究)所, 院,学院 instruct vt. 通知; 指示;教 instruction n. 说明,须知;教导 instrument n. 乐器;工具,器械 insurance n.保险 intelligence n. 智力,情报 intention n. 想要,打算 interest n. 兴趣,趣味;利息 interesting a. 有趣的 international a. 国际的 internet n. 互联网,英特网 interpreter n. 翻译 interrupt v. 打扰,打断 interview n.& vt. 采访,会见,面试 into prep. 到??里;向内;变成 introduce vt. 介绍 introduction n. 引进,介绍 invent vt. 发明,创造 invention n. 发明,创造 invitation n. 邀请,请帖 invite vt. 邀请,招待 iron n. 铁,熨斗 vt. 熨烫 island n. 岛 it pron. 它 its pron. 它的 itself pron. 它自己 J

jacket n. 短上衣,夹克衫 jam n. 果酱;阻塞 jar n. 罐子; 坛子 jaw n. 下巴 jazz n. 爵士音乐,爵士舞曲 jeans n. 牛仔裤 jeep n. 吉普车 jewellery n. (总称)珠宝 job n. (一份)工作 join v. 参加,加入;连接;会合 joke n. 笑话 journalist n. 记者,新闻工作者 journey n. 旅行,路程 joy n. 欢乐,高兴,乐趣 judge n. 裁判; 审判员; 法官 vt. 判断,断定 judg(e)ment n. .判断; 鉴定; 评价,审判; 裁判; 判决 juice n. 汁、液 jump n. 跳跃;跳变 v. 跳跃;惊起;猛扑 junior a. 初级的;年少的 just1 ad. 刚才;恰好;不过;仅 just2 a. 公正的 justice n. 正义; 公正;司法 K kangaroo n. 大袋鼠 keep (kept, kept) v. 保持;保存;继续不断 vt. 培育,饲养 kettle n. (烧水用的)水壶 key n. 钥匙;答案;键;关键 keyboard n. 键盘 kick v.& n. 踢 kid n. 小孩 kill v. 杀死,弄死 kilo n. 千克;千米 kilogram n. 千克 kilometre n. 千米(公里) kind n. 种;类 a. 善良的;友好的 kindergarten n. 幼儿园 kindness n. 仁慈;善良 king n. 国王 kiss n.& vt. 吻,亲吻 kitchen n. 厨房 kite n. 风筝 knee n. 膝盖 knife (复 knives) n. 小刀;匕首;刀片 knock n.& v. 敲;打;击 know(knew,known) v. 知道,了解;认识;懂得 knowledge n. 知识,学问 L lab = laboratory n. 实验室 labour (美 labor) n. 劳动 lady n. 女士,夫人 lake n. 湖 lamb n. 羔羊 lamp n. 灯,油灯;光源 land n. 陆地;土地 v. 登岸(陆);降落 language n. 语言 lap n. (人坐时)膝部;(跑道的)一圈 large a. n. 大的;巨大的 last a. 最近刚过去的;最后的 ad. 最近刚过去;最后地 n.最后 last2v. 持续 late a. 晚的,迟的 ad. 晚地,迟地 laugh n.& v. 笑,大笑;嘲笑 laughter n. 笑; 笑声 law n. 法律,法令;定律 lawyer n. 律师 lay (laid, laid) vt. 放,搁 lazy a. 懒惰的 lead1 n. 铅 lead2 (led, led) v. 领导,带领 leader n. 领袖,领导人 leaf (复 leaves) n. (树,菜)叶 leak vi.漏;渗 learn (learnt, learnt; ed ed) vt. 学,学习,学会 least n. 最少,最少量 leather n. 皮革 leave (left, left) v. 离开;把??留下,剩下 lecture n. 讲课,演讲 left a. 左边的 ad. 向左 n. 左,左边 leg n. 腿;腿脚;支柱 legal adj. 合法的 lemon n. 柠檬 a. 柠檬色(味)的 lemonade n. 柠檬水 lend (lent, lent) vt. 借(出),把??借给 length n. 长,长度,段,节 lesson n. 课;功课;教训 let (let, let) vt. 让 letter n. 信;字母 level n. 水平线,水平 library n. 图书馆,图书室 license/ce n. 执照,许可证 lid n. 盖子 lie n.& vi. 谎言; 说谎 lie (lay, lain) v. 躺;卧;平放;位于 life (复 lives) n. 生命;生涯;生活;人生;生物 lift v. 举起,抬起; n. (英)电梯 light n. 光,光亮;灯,灯光 vt. 点(火),点燃 a. 明亮的;轻的;浅色的 lightning n. [U]照明,点火 like1 prep. 像,跟??一样 like2 vt. 喜欢,喜爱 likely a.很可能的 limit vt. 限制;减少 line n. 绳索,线, v. 画线于,(使)成行 link v. 连接; 联系 lion n. 狮子 lip n. 嘴唇 liquid n. & a. 液体;液体的 list n. 一览表,清单 listen vi. 听,仔细听 literature n. 文学 literary a. 文学的 litre (美 liter) n. 升; 公升(容量单位) litter v. 乱丢杂物 little (less, least) a.小的,少的 ad. 稍许 n.,一点 live1 vi. 生活;a. 活的,活着的,现场(直播)的 lively a. 活泼的; 充满生气的 load n. 担子,货物 &v.承担,负载 local a. 当地的; 地方的

lock n. 锁 vt. 锁,锁上 lonely a. 孤独的,寂寞的 long a. 长的,远 ad. 长久 look n. 看,瞧 v. 看,观看 v. loose a. 松散的; 宽松的 lorry n. (英)运货汽车,卡车 loss n. 丧失; 损耗 lose (lost, lost) vt. 失去,丢失 lot n. 许多,好些 loud a. 大声的 love n.& vt. 爱;热爱;很喜欢 lovely a. 美好的,可爱的 low a.& ad. 低;矮 luck n. 运气,好运 lucky a. 运气好,侥幸 luggage n. (总称)行李 lunch n. 午餐,午饭 lung n. 肺; 肺脏 M machine n. 机器 mad a. 发疯的;生气的 madam/ madame n. 夫人,女士 magazine n. 杂志 magic a. 有魔力的 mail n. 邮政,邮递 v. (美)邮寄 mailbox n. 邮筒; 邮箱 main a. 主要的 mainland n. 大陆 major a. 较大的; 主要的 majority n. 大多数 make1(made,made) vt. 制造,做;使得 make2 n. 样式;制造 male a. 男(性)的;雄的 man (复 men) n. 成年男人;人,人类 manage v. 管理;设法对付 manager n. 经理 mankind n. 人类;(总称)人 many( more, most) pron. 许多人(或物) a. 许多的 map n. 地图 march n. 游行,行进 mark n&v. market n. 市场,集市 marriage n. 结婚,婚姻 marry v. (使)成婚,结婚 master vt. 精通,掌握 mat n. 垫子 match1 vt. 使相配,使成对 match2 n. 比赛,竞赛 match3 n. 火柴 material n. 材料,原料 mathematics math = mathematics maths = mathematics n. (通常作单数用)数学 (美口语) 数学 (英口语) 数学 may modal v. 可以;也许,可能 maybe ad. 可能,大概,也许 me pron. 我(宾格) meal n. 一餐(饭) mean(meant,meant) vt. 意思是,意指 meaning n. 意思,含意 measure v. 量 meat n. (猪、牛、羊等的)肉 medal n. 奖牌 medical a. 医学的,医疗的 medicine n. 药 meet (met, met) vt. n. 遇见,见到 会;集会 meeting n. 会;集会;会见;汇合点 member n. 成员,会员 memory n. 回忆,记忆 mend v. 修理,修补 mental a. 精神的;脑力的 mention n. 提及;记载 vt. 提到,说起;提名表扬 menu n. 菜单 merchant a. 商业的; 商人的 n. 商人;生意人 mercy n. 怜悯 message n. 消息,音信 metal n. 金属 a. 金属制成的 method n. 方法,办法 metre (美 meter) n. 米,公尺 middle n. 中间;当中;中级的 midnight n. 午夜 might v. aux. (may 的过去式,助动词)可能,也许 mild a. 温和的,暖和的,凉爽的 mile n. 英里 milk n. 牛奶 vt. 挤奶 millionaire n. 百万富翁 mind1 n. 思想,想法 v. 介意,关心 mine n. 矿藏,矿山 vt. 开采(矿物) pron. 我的 minibus n.小型公共汽车 minority n. 少数;少数民族 minus prep. & a. 负的,减去的 minute n. 分钟;一会儿,瞬间 mirror n. 镜子 miss vt. 失去,错过,缺 n. missile n. 导弹 mist[mist]n.雾 mistake (mistook, mistaken) n. 错误 vt. 弄错 mistaken a. 错误的 misunderstand v. 误会; 不理解 mix v. 混合,搅拌 mixture n. 混合物 mm (缩) = millimetre n. 毫米 model n. 模型,原形;范例;模范 modern a. 现代的 modest a. 谦虚的;谦逊的 Mom =Mum n. 妈妈 Mommy=mummy['mRmi]n.妈咪 moment n. 片刻,瞬间 money n. 钱;货币 monitor n. (班级内的)班长;纠察生;监视器 monkey n. 猴子 month n. 月,月份 moon n. 月球;月光;月状物 moral a. n.道德的 寓意,道德启示 more(much,most) a.ad.另外的;更 n. 更多的量; morning n. 早晨,上午 n. 莫斯科 mosquito n.蚊子 most[mEJst]pron.大部分,大多数;最多 adj.&adv.(much 或 many 的最高级)最,非常 mother n. 母亲 motherland n. 祖国 motorcycle n. 摩托车 mountain(s) n. 山,山脉 mouse (复 mice) n. 鼠,耗子;(计算机)鼠标 moustache n. 小胡子 mouth n. 嘴,口

move v. 移动,搬动,搬家 movement n. 运动,活动 movie n. (口语)电影 Mr. (mister) n. 先生(用于姓名前) Mrs. (mistress) n. 夫人,太太(称呼已婚妇女) Ms. n. 女士(用在婚姻状况不明的女子姓名前) much (比较级 more, 最高级 most) a. 许多的,大量的 ad. 非常;更加 n. 许多,大量,非常 mud n. 泥, 泥浆 muddy adj. 泥泞的;脏的;泥色的,混乱的 multiply vt. 乘; 使相乘 murder vt. 谋杀 museum n. 博物馆,博物院 mushroom n. 蘑菇 music n. 音乐,乐曲 musician n. 音乐家,乐师 must modal v. 必须,应当; 必定是 mutton['mQtn]n.羊肉 my pron. 我的 myself pron. 我自己 N nail n. 钉,钉子 name n. 名字,姓名,名称 vt. 命名,名叫 narrow a. 狭窄的 nation n. 民族,国家 national a. 国家的,全国性的,民族的 nationality n. 国籍 native a. 本土的,本国的 natural a. 自然的 nature n. 自然, 性质,种类 near a. 近的 ad. 附近,邻近 prep. 在??附近 nearby a. 附近的 nearly ad. 将近,几乎 neat a. 整洁的; 灵巧的 necessary a. 必需的,必要的 neck n. 颈,脖子 necklace n. 项链 need n. 需要,需求 aux.& v. 需要,必须 needle n. 针 neighbour (美 neighbor) n. 邻居,邻人 eighbourhood (美 neighborhood) n. 四邻;邻近地区 neither a. (两者)都不;也不 nephew n. 侄子,外甥 nervous a. 紧张不安的 nest n. 巢; 窝 net n. 网 network n. 网络,网状系统 never ad. 决不,从来没有 new a. 新的;新鲜的 news n. 新闻,消息 newspaper n. 报纸 next a. 最近的,紧挨着的,隔壁的;下一次 ad. 随后,然后,下一步 n. 下一个人(东西) nice a. 令人愉快的;好的,漂亮的 niece n. 侄女,甥女 night n. 夜;夜间 no ad. 不,不是 a.没有,无,不 No.(缩) = number n. 数字;号码 nobody n. 渺小人物 pron. 没有人,谁也不 nod vi. 点头 noise n. 声音,噪声,喧闹声 noisy a. 喧闹的,嘈杂的 none pron. 无任何东西或人,无一人 noodle n. 面条 noon n. 中午,正午 nor conj. 也不 normal n.& a. 正常的(状态) north a. 北的;朝北的;从北来的 ad. 向(在、从)北方 n. 北;北方;北部 northeast n. 东北(部) northern a. 北方的,北部的 northwest n. 西北 nose n. 鼻 not ad. 不,没 note n. 便条,笔记 vt. 记下 notebook n. 笔记簿 nothing n. 没有东西,没有什么 adv. 一点也不 notice n. 布告,通告;注意 vt. 注意,注意到 novel n. (长篇)小说 now ad. 现在 nowadays ad. 当今,现在 nowhere ad. 任何地方都不; 无处 nuclear a. 原子核的,原子能的,核动力的 number n. 数,数字,号码;数量 nurse n. 护士;保育员 nursery n. 托儿所 nut n. 坚果,坚果仁(胡桃,栗子等) O obey v. 服从,顺从,听从 object n. 物,物体;宾语 observe v. 观察,遵守 ,庆祝 occupy v. 占据 ocean n. 海洋 o'clock n. 点钟 Oceania n. 大洋洲 of prep.(表所属,数量,) ?.的 off prep. 离开,脱离,(走)开 ad.离开; offer n.& vt. 提供;建议 office n. 办公室 officer n. 军官;公务员,官员;警察,警官 official n.官员 ,高级职员 often ad. 经常,常常 oh int. 哦!啊! oil n. 油 old a. 老的,旧的 on prep. 在?上(时),关于 ad. (穿,放?)上; once n.& ad. 一次,一度,从前 conj. 一旦 one pron. 一(个,只?)(pl. ones) num. 一 oneself pron. 自己;自身 onion n.洋葱 only a. 惟一的,仅有的 ad. 仅仅,只,才 onto prep. 到?的上面 open a.开着的,开的 vt.开,打开 operate v. 做手术,运转;实施,负责, 经营 operation n. 手术,操作 operator n. 接线员 opinion n. 看法,见解 oppose vt. 反对;反抗 opposite n. 相反,对面 a. 相反的,对面的

optimistic n. adj. 乐观,乐观的 or conj. 或;就是;否则 oral adj. 口语的 orange n. 橘子,橙子,橘汁 a. 橘色的,橙色的 orbit n. 轨道 order n. 顺序 vt. 定购,定货;点菜 ordinary a. 普通的,平常的 organise(美 organize) vt. 组织 organization n. 组织,机构 other pron. 别人,别的东西 a. 别的,另外的 otherwise ad.要不然,否则,另样 ought v.& aux.应该,应当 our pron.我们的 ours pron.我们的 ourselves pron. 我们自己 out ad. 出外;在外,向外;熄 outdoors ad. 在户外, 在野外 outer a. 在外的,外面的,外表的 outgoing a. 爱交际的,外向的 outing n. 郊游,远足 outside n. 外面 ad. 在外面;向外面 prep. 在?外 over prep. 在?上方,越过,遍及 ad.越过 overcoat n. 大衣 overcome v. 克服 own a. 自己的 v. 拥有,所有 owner n. 物主,所有人 ox (复 oxen) n. 牛;公牛 oxygen n. 氧气 P pace n. 步子;节奏 Pacific a. 太平洋的 pack n. 包,捆;(猎犬、野兽等的)一群 v.打包 package n.一包,一袋, page n. 页,页码 pain n. 疼痛,疼 painful a. 使痛的,使痛苦的 paint n. 油漆 vt. 油漆,粉刷,绘画 painter n. 绘画者,(油)画家 painting n. 油画,水彩画 pair n. 一双,一对 palace n. 宫,宫殿 pale a. 苍白的,灰白的 panda n. 熊猫 paper n. 纸;报纸 paragraph n. (文章的)段落 parcel n. 包裹 pardon n. 原谅,宽恕,对不起 parent n. 父(母),双亲 park n. 公园 vt. 停放(汽车) parking n. 停车 parrot n. 鹦鹉 part n. 部分;成分;角色;部件;零件 a. 局部的;部分的 v. 分离;分开;分割 partner n. 搭档,合作者 part-time a.& ad. 兼职的; 部分时间的(地) party n. 聚会,晚会;党派 pass vt. 传,递;经过;通过 passage n. (文章等的)一节,一段;通道; 走廊 passenger n. 乘客,旅客 passport n. 护照 past ad. 过 n. 过去,昔日,往事 prep. 过?? path n. 小道,小径 patience n. 容忍; 耐心 patient n. 病人 adj. 耐心的 pattern n. 式样 pavement n. 人行道 pay (paid, paid) v. 付钱,给??报酬 n. 工资 P.C.= personal computer n.个人电脑 P.E.=physical education n. 体育 pea n. 豌豆 peace n. 和平 peaceful a. 和平的,安宁的 peach n. 桃子 pear n. 梨子,梨树 pen n. 钢笔,笔 pence n. 便士 pencil n. 铅笔 penny (英复 pence) n. (英)便士;美分 people n. 人,人们;人民 pepper n. 胡椒粉 per prep. 每,每一 percent n. 百分之?? percent n. 百分之? percentage n. 百分率 perfect a. 完美的,极好的 perhaps ad. 可能,或 period n. 时期,时代 permit vt. 许可,允许;执照 n. 许可证 permission n. 允许,许可,同意 person n. 人 personal a. 个人的,私人的 personally ad. 就自己而言 persuade vt. 说服,劝说 pet n. 宠物,爱畜 petrol n. 石油 phone = telephone v. 打电话 n. 电话,电话机 photo =photograph n. 照片 photographer n. 摄影师 phrase n. 短语;习惯用语 physical a. 身体的;物理的 physician n. (有行医执照的)医生 physicist n. 物理学家 physics n. 物理(学) piano n. 钢琴 pick v. 拾起,采集;挑选 picnic n.& v. 野餐 picture n. 图片,画片,照片 pie n. 甜馅饼 piece n. 一块(片,张,件??) pig n. 猪 pillow n. 枕头 pilot n. 飞行员 pin n. 别针 v. 别住, 钉住 pineapple n. 菠萝 ping-pong n. 乒乓球 pine[pain]n.松树 pink a. 粉红色的 pioneer n. 先锋,开拓者 pipe n. 管子,输送管 pity n. 怜悯,同情 place n. 地方,处所 v. 放置,安置,安排 plain a. 家常的; 普通的 plan n.& v. 计划,打算 plane n. 飞机

planet n. 行星 plant vt. 种植,播种 n. 植物 plastic a. 塑料的 plate n. 板;片;牌;盘子;盆子 platform n. 讲台;(车站的)月台 play v. 玩;打(球);游戏;播放 n. 玩耍,戏剧 playground n. 操场,运动场 pleasant a. 令人愉快的,舒适的 please v. 请;使人高兴,使人满意 pleasant adj. pleased a. 高兴的 pleasure n. 高兴,愉快 plenty n. 充足,大量 plus vt. prep. (用塞子)把??塞住 加,加上 p.m./pm, P.M. /PMn. 下午,午后 pocket n. (衣服的)口袋 poem n. 诗 poet n. 诗人 point v. 指,指向 n. 点; 分数 police n. 警察,警务人员 policeman (men) policewoman ( women) n. 警察; policy n.政策 polite a. 有礼貌的,有教养的 political a. 政治的 pollute vt. 污染 pollution n. 污染 pond n. 池塘 pool n. 水塘,水池 poor a. 贫穷的;可怜的;不好的,差的 pop = popular a. (口语)大众的,通俗的 popcorn n. 爆米花 popular a. 流行的,大众的,受欢迎的 population n. 人口,人数 pork n. 猪肉 porridge n. 稀饭,粥 port n. 港口,码头 position n. 位置 possibility n. 可能,可能性 possible a. 可能的 post n. 邮政,邮寄,邮件 v. 投寄; 邮寄 postage n. 邮费 postcard n. 明信片 postcode n. (英)邮政编码 postman n. 邮递员 pot n. 锅,壶,瓶,罐 potato n. 土豆,马铃薯 pound n. [C]英镑,磅 pour vi. 倾泻,不断流出 powder n. 粉,粉末 power n. 力,动力,电力 powerful a. 效力大的,强有力的,强大的 practical a. 实际的,适用的 practice n. 练习 practise(美 practise) v. 练习,实践 praise n.& vt. 赞扬,表扬 prefer vt. 宁愿(选择),更喜欢 prepare vt. 准备, 预备; 调制,配制 present1 a. 出现的,出席的 n. 礼物,赠品 vt. 呈奉 president n. 总统;主席 pressure n. 压迫,压力,压强 pretend vi. 假装,装作 pretty a. 漂亮的,俊俏的 prevent vt. 防止, 预防 price n. 价格,价钱 pride n. 自豪,骄傲 primary a. 初等的;初级的 print vt. 印刷 prison n. 监狱 prisoner n. 囚犯 private a. 私人的 prize n. 奖赏,奖品 probably ad. 很可能,大概 problem n. 问题,难题 process n. v. 过程,加工 produce vt. 生产;制造 product['prRd?kt] n.产品 production n. 生产;制造 professor n. 教授 profit n. 利润,盈利;收益,红利 programme (美 program) n. 节目;项目 progress n. 进步,上进 vi. 进展; 进行 project n. 工程 promise n.& vi. 答应,允诺 pronounce vt. 发音 pronunciation n. 发音 proper a. 恰当的,合适的 properly ad. 适当地 protect vt. 保护 protection n. 保护 proud a. 自豪的; 骄傲的 prove vt. 证明 provide vt. 提供 province n. 省 pub n. 酒店,酒吧 public a. 公共的,公众的 n. 公众 publish vt. 出版,发行 pull v. 拉,拖 n. 拉力,引力 pump vt. 用泵抽水 punish v. 惩罚,处罚 punishment n. 处罚,惩罚 pupil n. (小)学生 purple n. adj. 紫色,紫色的 purpose n. 目的,意图 purse n. 钱包 push n.& v. 推 put (put, put) vt. 放,摆 puzzle n. 难题,(字、画)谜 Q quality n. 质量,性质 quantity n. 量,数 quarrel vi. 争吵,吵架.& n quarter n. 四分之一,一刻钟 queen n. 皇后,女王 question vt. 询问 n. 问题 quick a. 快;敏捷的;急剧的 ad. 快地;敏捷地;急剧地 quiet a. 安静的;寂静的 quite ad. 完全,十分 quiz n. 小测试(pl. quizzes) R rabbit n. 兔,家兔 race n. 种族,民族 v. (速度)竞赛 n. 赛跑,竞赛

radio n. 无线电,收音机 railway n. 铁路;铁道 rain n. 雨,雨水 vi. 下雨 raincoat n. 雨衣 rainy a. 下雨的;多雨的 raise vt. 使升高; 饲养 rank n. v. 职衔,军衔 rapid a. 快的,迅速的 rat n. 老鼠 rather ad. 相当,宁可 reach v. 到达,伸手(脚等)够到 react v. 反应作出反应,反应 read (read, read) v. 读;朗读 reading n. [U]读,阅读;读物] ready a. 准备好的 real a. 真实的,确实的 reality n. 现实 realise (美 realize) vt. 认识到,实现 really ad. 真正地;到底;确实 reason vi. 评理; 劝说 n. 理由,原因 reasonable a. 合乎情理的 receipt n. .收据 receive v. 收到,得到 receiver n. 电话听筒 recent a. 近来的,最近的 recipe n. 食谱 recite v. 背诵 recognise (美 recognize) vt. 认出 record n. 记录; 唱片 v. 录制,记录 recorder n. 录音机 recover vi. 痊愈; 恢复 recycle vt. 回收; 再循环 red n. 红色 a.红色的 reduce vt. 减少,缩减 reform v. n. 改革 refrigerator n. 冰箱 refuse vi. 拒绝,不愿 regard v. 把??看作 regret n.& vt. 可惜,遗憾;痛惜;哀悼 regular a. 规则的,经常 relation n. 关系; 亲属 relationship n. 关系 relax v. (使)放松,轻松 reliable a. 可信赖的;可靠的 relief n. 缓和,减轻;解除 rely v. 依靠 remain vt. 余下,留下 vi. 保持,仍是 remember v. 记得,想起 remind vt. 提醒,使记起 remove vt. 移动,拿走,脱掉(衣服等) remote a.遥远的 rent n.&v 租借,租用 repair n.& vt. 修理;修补 repeat vt. 重说,重做 replace vt. 取代 reply n. 回答,答复 report n.& v. 报道,报告 reporter n. 记者,新闻通讯员 republic n. 共和国 require vt. 需求; 要求 requirement n. research n. 研究,调查 respect vt.& n. 尊敬,尊重 respond v.回应,回复 responsibility n. 责任 rest n. 休息;剩余的部分, vi. 休息,歇息 restaurant n. 饭馆, 饭店 result n. 结果,效果 retell vt. 重讲,重复,复述 retire v. 退休 return v. ? ]review vt. 回顾; 复习 n. 复查;复习;评论 revision n. 复习,温习 reward n. 奖赏 rice n. 稻米;米饭 rich a. 富裕的,有钱的 riddle n. 谜(语) ride (rode, ridden) v. 骑;乘车 n. 乘车旅行 right n. 权利 a. 对,正确的 ad. 正确地,恰恰,完全地 a. 右,右边的 ring (rang, rung) v.响;打电话 n. 电话 n. 环形物 rise (rose, risen) vi. 上升,上涨 river n. 江;河;水道;巨流 road n. 路,道路 roast v. 烤(肉) robot n. 机器人 rock n. 岩石,大石头 vt. 摇,摇晃 rocket n. 火箭 role n. 角色 roof n. 屋顶,顶部 room n. 房间,室;空间;地方 rope n. 绳,索 rose n. 玫瑰花 round ad. 转过来 prep. 环绕一周,围着 a.圆的;球形的 row n. (一)排,(一)行 v. 划船 rubber n. 橡胶; 合成橡胶 rubbish n. 垃圾; 废物 rude a. 无理的, 粗鲁的 rule n. 规则,规定 vt. 统治;支配 ruler n. 统治者;直尺 run (ran, run) vi. 跑,奔跑;(颜色)褪色 rush vi. 冲,奔跑 S sad a. (使人)悲伤的 sadness n. 悲哀,忧伤 safe a. 安全的 n. 保险柜 safety n. 安全,保险 sail n. 航行 v. 航行,开航 sailor n. 水手,海员 salad n. 色拉(西餐中的一种凉拌菜) salary n. 薪金,薪水 sale n. 卖,出售 salesgirl n. 女售货员 salesman n. 男售货员 saleswoman n. 女售货员 salt n. 盐 salty a. 盐的,咸的,含盐的 same n. 同样的事 a 同样的,同一的 sand n. 沙,沙子 sandwich n. 三明治(夹心面包片) satellite n. 卫星 satisfaction n. 满意 satisfy vt. 满足,使满意 sausage n. 香肠,腊肠 save vt. 救,挽救,节省 say (said, said) vt. 说,讲 saying n. 说,俗话,谚语

scarf n. 领巾,围巾 scene n. (戏剧、电影等的)一场,场景,布景 scenery n..景色(总称) schedule n&v school n. 学校 scholar n. 学者 scholarship n..奖学金 schoolbag n. 书包 schollboy/ schoolgirl n. schoolmate n. 同校同学 science n. 科学,自然科学 scientific a. 科学的 scientist n. 科学家 scissors n. 剪刀,剪子 score n.& v. 得分,分数 scream n. 尖叫 screen n. 幕,荧光屏 sea n. 海,海洋 search n.& v. 搜寻,搜查 seaside n. 海滨 season n. 季;季节 seat n. 座位,座 second1 n. 秒 num. 第二 a.第二的 secret n. 秘密,内情 secretary n. 秘书;书记 secure v&a see (saw, seen) vt. 看见,看到;领会;拜会 seed n. 种子 seem v. 似乎,好像 seldom ad. 很少,不常 select vt. 选择,挑选,选拔 self (pl. selves) selfish adj. 自私的 sell (sold, sold) v. 卖,售 send (sent, sent) v. 打发,派遣;送,邮寄 senior a. 年长的,资深的,高年级的 n. 上级, sense n. 感觉,意识 sensitive adj. 敏感的 sentence n. 句子 separate v. 使分开,使分离 a. 单独的,分开的 separation[,sep?'rei??n]n.分离,隔离 serious a. 严肃的,严重的;认真的 servant n. 仆人,佣人 serve vt. 招待(顾客等),服务 service n. 服务 set n. 装备,设备 vt. 设置 vt. 释放,安置 settle vi. 安家,定居 several pron. 几个,数个 a. 若干 sew (sewed, sewn 或 sewed) vi. 缝, 缝制;缝补; sex n. 性,性别 shade n. 阴凉处,树荫处 shadow n. 影子, 阴影 shake (shook, shak en) v. (使)动摇,震动 shall (should) v. aux. 将要,会;??好吗 shallow a. 浅的,不深的,肤浅的 shame n. 遗憾的事;羞愧 shape n. 形状,外形 v. 使成型,制造,塑造 share vt. 分享,共同使用 shark n. 鲨鱼 sharp a. 锋利的,尖的 shave (shaved, shaved 或 shaven) v. 刮(脸,胡子) she pron. 她 sheep (复 sheep) n. (绵)羊;羊皮;驯服者 sheet n. 成幅的薄片,薄板 shelf (复 shelves) n. 架子;搁板;格层;礁;陆架 shine n. 光泽 (shone, shone) v. 发光; ship n. 船,轮船 vi. 用船装运 shirt n. 男衬衫 shock vt. 使震惊 shoe n. 鞋 shoot n. 嫩枝; 苗; 芽(shot, shot) vt. 射击, shop vi. 买东西 n. 商店,车间 shopkeeper n. 店主,零售商人 shopping n. 买东西 shore n. 滨,岸 short a. 短的;矮的 shortcoming n. 缺点,短处 shorts n. 短裤;运动短裤 should v. mod. 应当,应该,会 v. aux. 会,应该 shoulder n. 肩膀;(道路的)路肩 shout n.& v. 喊,高声呼喊 show n. 展示,展览(会);演出 v. 给??看, shower n. 阵雨; 淋浴 shut (shut, shut) v. n. 关上,封闭;禁闭; shy a. 害羞的 sick a. 有病的,患病的;(想)呕吐 sickness n. 疾,病 side n. 边,旁边,面,侧面 sigh vi. 叹息; 叹气 sight n. 情景,风景;视力 sightseeing n. 游览,观光 signal n. 信号,暗号 silence n. 安静,沉默 silent a. 无声的,无对话的 silk n. (蚕)丝,丝织品 silly a. 傻的,愚蠢的 silver n. 银 similar a. 相似的,像 simple a. 简单的,简易的 simplify v. 简化 since ad.从那时以来 conj.从?以来 prep. 从?以来 sing (sang, sung) v. 唱,唱歌 sink[sINk](sank,sunk)v.下沉,下降;消沉 single a. 单一的,单个的 sink n. 洗涤槽;污水槽 vi. 下沉; 消沉 sir n. 先生;阁下 sister n. 姐;妹 sit (sat, sat) vi. 坐 situation n. 形势,情况 size n. 尺寸,大小 skate vi. 溜冰,滑冰 ski n.& vi. 滑雪板;滑雪 skill n. 技能,技巧 skillful a. 熟练的,精湛的;灵巧的 skin n. 皮,皮肤;兽皮 skirt n. 女裙 sky n. 天;天空 slave n. 奴隶 sleep n. 睡觉 (slept, slept) vi. 睡觉 sleepy a. 想睡的,困倦的,瞌睡的 sleeve n. 袖子,袖套 slight a. 轻微的,细小的 slow ad. 慢慢地,缓慢地

small a. 小的,少的 smart a. 灵巧的,(人、服装等)时髦的,帅的 smell n. 气味 v. 嗅,闻到;发气味 (smelt,smelt 或-ed,-ed) smile n.& v. 微笑 smog n. 烟雾(= smoke + fog) smoke n. 烟 v. 冒烟;吸烟 smoker n. 吸烟者 smooth a. 光滑的; 平坦的 snake n. 蛇 v. 蛇般爬行;蜿蜒行进 snow n. 雪 vi. 下雪 snowy a. 雪(白)的;下雪的;多(积)雪的 so ad. 如此,这么;非常;同样 conj. 因此,所以 soap n. 肥皂 soccer n.英式足球 social a. 社会的;社交的 society n. 社会 sock n. 短袜 sofa n. (长)沙发 soft a. 软的,柔和的 software n. 软件 soil n. 土壤,土地 solar adj. 太阳的 soldier n. 士兵,战士 solid a. 结实的,固体的 n. 固体 some a. 一些,若干;有些;某一 pron. 若干,一些 somebody pron. 某人;有人;有名气的人 somehow adv. 莫名其妙地 someone pron. 某一个人 something pron. 某事;某物 sometimes ad. 有时 somewhere ad. 在某处 son n. 儿子 song n. 歌唱;歌曲 soon ad. 不久,很快,一会 sorry a. 对不起,抱歉;难过的 sort vt. 把??分类,拣选 n. 种类,类别 sound vi. 听起来;发出声音 n. 声音 soup n. 汤 sour a. south a. 南(方)的;向南的;从南来的 ad. 在南方;向南方;自南方 n. 南;南方;南风;南部 southeast n. 东南 southern a. 南部的,南方的 southwest n. 西南 space n. 空间 spaceship n. 宇宙飞船 spare a. 空闲的,多余的,剩余的 &v 抽出 sparrow n. 麻雀 speak (spoke, spoken) v. 说,讲;谈话;发言 speaker n. 说话者;演讲者;演说家 special a. 特别的,专门的 speech n. 演讲 speed n. 速度 v. (使)加速 spell[spel]v.(spelt, spelt)拼写 spelling n. 拼写 spend (spent, spent) v. 度过;花费(钱、时间等) spirit n. 精神 spit v. 吐唾沫;吐痰 (spit,spit) splendid a. 灿烂的,辉煌的;(口语)极好的 spoken a. 口语的 sponsor n【宗教】教父,教母。倡议者,保证人 spokesman/spokeswoman n.(pl.-men) spoon n. 匙, 调羹 sport n. 体育运动,锻炼;(复,英)运动会 spot n. 斑点,污点;场所,地点 v. 沾上污渍 spread v. 延伸; 展开 (spread, spread) spring n. 春天,春季 n. 泉水,泉 spy n. 密探,间谍 v. 侦探,刺探 square n. 广场 a. 平方的;方形的,宽而结实的 squirrel n. 松鼠 stable['steibl]adj.稳定的,牢固的;平稳的 stadium n. (露天)体育场 stage n. 舞台;阶段 stair n. 楼梯 stamp n. 邮票 stand n. 站;立;停止;立场;地位;台;坛;摊 stand (stood, stood) v. 站;立经受; standard n. & a. 标准(的) star n. 星,恒星 stare vi. 盯,凝视 start v. 开始,着手;出发 state n. 状态; 情形;国家,(美国的)州 station n. 站,所,车站;电台 statement n. 陈述,说明 status n. 地位 stay n.& vi. 停留,逗留,呆 steak n. 牛排,肉排,鱼排 steal (stole, stolen) vt. 偷, 窃取 steam n. 汽,水蒸气 steel n. 钢,钢铁 steep a. 陡峭的 step n. 脚步,台阶,梯级 vi. 走; 跨步 stick (stuck, stuck) vi. 粘住,钉住;坚持 n. 木棒(棍),枝条 still a. 不动的,平静的 ad. 仍然,还 stomach n. 胃,胃部 stone n. 石头,石料 stop n. 停;(停车)站 v. 停,停止,阻止 store n. 商店 vt. 储藏,存储 storm n. 风暴,暴(风)雨 story n. 故事,小说 stove n. (供烹饪用的 )火炉,煤炉,电炉 straight a. 一直的,直的 ad. 一直地,直地 strange a. 奇怪的,奇特的,陌生的 stranger n. 陌生人,外人 straw n. 稻草,麦秆 strawberry n. 草莓 stream n. 小河; 溪流 street n. 街,街道 strict a. 严格的,严密的 strike v. (钟)鸣;敲(响);罢工 vt. (打)火, strong a. 强(壮)的;坚固的;强烈的;坚强的 struggle vi. 斗争 student n. 学生 studio n. .工作室,画室 study v. 学习;研究 n. 书房 style n. 风格 stupid a. 愚蠢的,笨的

subject n. 题目;主题;学科;主语;主体 succeed vi. 成功 success n. 成功 successful a. 成功的,有成就的 such ad. 那么 pron. (泛指)人,事物 a.这样的,那样的 sudden a. 突然的 suffer vi. 受苦,遭受 sugar n. 糖 suggest vt. 建议,提议 suggestion n.建议 suit vt. 适合 n. 一套(衣服) suite n. 套间;组曲 suitable a. 合适的,适宜的 suitcase n. (旅行用)小提箱,衣箱 summary n. 摘要,概要 summer n. 夏天,夏季 sun n. 太阳,阳光 sunlight n. 日光,阳光 sunny a. 晴朗的;阳光充足的 sunshine n. 阳光 super adj. 超级的 supermarket n. 超级市场 supper n. 晚餐,晚饭 supply vt.& n. 供给,供应 support vt.& n. 支持,赞助 suppose vt. 猜想,假定,料想 sure a. 确信,肯定 ad. (口语)的确,一定,当然 surface n. 表面 surprise vt. 使惊奇,使诧异 n. 惊奇,诧异 surrounding a. 周围的 survive v.幸存 suspect n. 犯罪嫌疑人 swallow vt. 吞下; 咽下 sweat n. 汗,汗水 sweater n. 厚运动衫,毛衣 sweep(swept,swept) v. 扫除,扫 sweet n. 甜食;蜜饯;甜点;糖果;芳香 a.甜的; swell (swelled, swollen) v. 膨胀,隆起 swim n. 游泳,游 (swam, swum) vi. 游泳,游 symbol n. 象征,符号 system n. 体系; 系统 T table n. 桌子,表格 tail n. (动物的)尾巴 take (took, taken) vt. 拿;拿走;做; tale n. [C]传说,故事 talk n.& v. 谈话,讲话,演讲;交谈 tall a. 高的 tap n. (自来水、煤气等的)龙头 tape n. 磁带;录音带 task n. 任务, 工作 taste n. 品尝, 尝味;味道 vt. 品尝, 尝味 tasty a. 味道好的 taxi n. 出租汽车 tea n. 茶;茶叶 teach(taught,taught) v. 教书,教 teacher n. 教师,教员 team n. 队,组 tear n. 眼泪 v. 扯破, 撕开 (tore,torn) technology n. 技术 teenager n. (13~19 岁的)青少年,十几岁的少年 telephone v. 打电话 n. 电话 television n. 电视 tell (told, told) vt. 告诉;讲述;吩咐 temperature n. 温度 tennis n. 网球 tent n. 帐篷 term n. 学期;术语;条款;项 terrible a. 可怕的;糟糕的 test vt.& n. 测试, 考查,试验 text n. 文本,课文 textbook n. 课本,教科书 than conj. 比 thank vt. 感谢,致谢,道谢 n. (复)感谢,谢意 thankful a. 感谢的,感激的 that a.& pron. 那,那个 conj. 那个 ad. 那么, the art. 这(那)个,这(那)些 theatre (美 theater) n. 剧场,戏院 their pron. 他(或她、它)们的 theirs pron. 他(或她、它)们的 them pron. 他/她/它们(宾格) themselves pron. 他/她/它们自己 then ad. 当时,那时;然后;那么 there int. 那!你瞧 n. 那里,那儿 ad. 在那里, therefore ad. 因此,所以 these a. & pron. 这些 they pron. 他(她)们;它们;人们 thick a. 厚的 thief (复 thieves) n. 窃贼, 小偷 thin a. 薄的;瘦的;稀的 thing n. 东西;(复)物品,用品;事情,事件 think(thought, thought) v. 想;认为;考虑 this a.& pron. 这,这个 those a.& pron. 那些 though conj. 虽然,可是 thought n. 思考,思想 ;念头 thread n. 线 throat n. 喉咙 through prep. 穿(通)过;从始至终 ad. 穿(通)过;自始至终,全部 throw(threw, thrown) v. 投,掷,扔 thunder n.& v. 雷声,打雷 thunderstorm n. 雷电交加的暴风雨 thus ad. 这样; 因而 tick vt. 作记号 ticket n. 票;卷 tidy a. 整洁的,干净的 vt. 弄整洁,弄干净 tie vt.系,拴,扎 n. 领带,绳子,结;关系 tiger n. 老虎 till conj.& prep. 直到,直到??为止 time n. 时间;时期;钟点;次,回 vt. 测定??的时间,记录??的时间 timetable n.时间表;课表 tiny a. 极小的,微小的 tire vi. 使疲劳 tired a. 疲劳的,累的 title n. 标题,题目 to prep. (动词不定式符号,无词义);(表示接受动作的人或物)给;对,向,到;在??之 前 toast v/n.吐司,烤面包片,烤(面包 tobacco n. 烟草,烟叶 today ad.& n. 今天;现在,当前 together ad. 一起,共同 toilet n. 厕所 tomato n. 西红柿,番茄

tomb n. 坟墓 tomorrow ad. & n. 明天 ton n. (重量单位)吨 tongue n. 舌,舌头 tonight ad.& n. 今晚,今夜 too ad. 也,还;又;太,过分;很,非常 tool n. 工具,器具 tooth (复 teeth) n. 牙齿 toothache n. 牙痛 toothbrush n. 牙刷 toothpaste n. 牙膏 top n. 顶部,(物体的)上面 topic n. 题目,话题 total a. 总数的 n. 合计, v. 合计为 touch vt. 触摸,接触 tour n. 参观, 观光, 旅行 tourist n. 旅行者,观光者 toward(s) prep. 向,朝,对于 towel n. 毛巾 tower n. 塔 town n. 城镇,城 toy n. 玩具, 玩物 trade n. 贸易 vt. 用??进行交换 tradition n. 传统 traditional adj. 传统的 traffic n. 交通,来往车辆 train n. 火车 v. 培训,训练 training n. 培训 translate vt. 翻译 translation n. 翻译; 译文 translator n. 翻译家,译者 transport n.& vt. travel n.& vi. 旅行 traveler n. 旅行者 treasure n. 金银财宝; 财富 treatment n. 治疗,疗法 tree n. 树 triangle n.& adj. 三角形;三角形的 trick n. 诡计,把戏 trip n. 旅行,旅程 trolleybus n. troop troops vi. n. 成群结队地走 部队 trouble vt. 使苦恼,使忧虑,使麻烦 n. 问题,疾病 trousers n. 裤子,长裤 truck n. 卡车, 运货车;车皮 v. 装车;用货车运 true a. 真的,真实的;忠诚的 truly ad. 真正地,真实地 trust vt. 相信,信任,信赖 truth n. 真理,事实,真相,实际情 try v. 试,试图,努力 T-shirt n. T 恤衫 turn v. 旋转,翻转,转变,转弯 n. 轮流, tutor n. 家庭教师 TV=television n. 电视 twice adv. 两倍,两次 twin n. 双胞胎之一 type vt. 打字 n. typewriter n. 打字机 typist n. 打字员 tyre/tire n. 轮胎 U ugly a. 丑陋的; 难看的 umbrella n. 雨伞 uncle n. 叔;伯;舅;姑夫;姨父 under ad.& prep. 在??下面,向??下面 underground a. 地下的 bn. 地铁 understand (understood, understood) v. 懂得;明白 unfair a. 不公平的,不公正的 uniform n. 制服 unit n. 单元,单位 universe n. 宇宙 university n. 大学 unless conj. 如果不,除非 until prep.& 直到??为止 conj. unusual a. 不平常的,异常的 up ad. 向上 a. 上面的 v. 举起 prep. 向; upon prep. 在??上面 upstairs ad. 在楼上,到楼上 us pron. 我们 use n.& vt. 利用,使用,应用 used a. 用过的;旧的;二手的 useful a. 有用的,有益的 useless a. 无用的 user n. .使用者,用户 usual a. 通常的,平常的 V vacation n. 假期,休假 valuable a. 值钱的,贵重的 value n. 价值,益处 various a. 各种各样的,不同的 vase n. (花)瓶;瓶饰 vast a. 巨大的,广阔的 VCD n. 影碟光盘 vegetable n. 蔬菜 vehicle n. 车辆 very ad. 很,非常 vest n. 背心,内衣 victory n. 胜利 video n. 录像,视频 view n. 看法,见解;风景,景色 village n. 村庄,乡村 villager n. 村民 vinegar n. 醋 violent a. 暴力的 violin n. 小提琴 visit n.& vt. 参观,访问,拜访 visitor n. 访问者,参观者 visual adj. 视力的;视觉 vocabulary n. 词汇, 词汇表 voice n. 说话声; 语态 volcano n. 火山 volleyball n. 排球 voyage n. [C]航行,航海;旅行 W wage n. 薪水;报酬 waist n. 腰 wait vi. 等,等候 waiter n. (餐厅)男服务员 waiting -room n.候诊室,候车室 waitress n. 女服务员 wake (woke, woken) v.醒来,叫醒

walk n.& v. 步行;散 wall n. 墙 wallet n. 钱包 wander v. want vt. 想,想要,需要,必要 war n. 战争 vt. 警告,预先通知 warm a. 暖和的,温暖的;热情的 warn 警告, 提醒; 告诫; 预先通知, 预告 wash n.洗(涤)冲洗,洗剂,泼溅,洗的衣服 v.洗(涤), washroom n. 盥洗室 waste n.& vt. 浪费 watch vt. 观看,注视;当心,注意 n. 手表,表 water n. 水 v. 浇水 watermelon n. 西瓜 wave n. (热、光、声等的)波,波浪 v. 挥手,挥动,波动 way n. 路,路线;方式,手段 we pron. 我们 web n. .蜘蛛网;网状物;网状组织 website n. 网址 weak a. 差的,弱的,淡的 weakness n. 软弱 wealth n. 财产,财富 wealthy a. 富的 wear (wore, worn) v. 穿,戴 weather n. 天气 week n. 星期,周 weekday n. 工作日 weekend n. 周末 weigh vt. 称?的重量,重(若干) weight n. 重,重量 welcome int.n. & v.欢迎 a. 受欢迎的 well (better, best) ad. 好, a.好的,,健康的 int. 表示惊 west a. (在)西; ad. 在西方,向西方 n.西部 western a. 西方的,西部的 wet a. 湿的,潮的,多雨的 whale n. 鲸 what pron. 什么,怎么样 a. 多么,何等;什么 whatever conj. & pron.无论什么,不管什么 wheat n. 小麦 wheel n. 轮子 when conj. 当?的时候 ad. 什么时候,何时 whenever conj. 每当,无论何时 where ad. 在哪里;往哪里 wherever conj. 无论在哪里 whether conj. 是否 which pron. 那(哪)一个;那(哪)一些 a.这(哪)个; whichever pron. 无论哪个;无论哪些 while conj.在?的时候,和?同时 n. 一会儿, whisper v. 低语,私下说 whistle n. 口哨 white a. 白色的 n. 白色 who pron. 谁 whole a. 整个的 whom pron. (who 的宾格 ) whose pron. 谁的 why ad./ int. 为什么, 你难道不知道 wide a. 宽阔的 widespread a. 普遍的;广泛的 wife n. 妻子 wild a. 未开发的,荒凉的;野生的,野的 wildlife n. 野生生物 will n. 意志, 遗嘱 v. 将,会(表示将来);愿意,要 willing a. 乐意的; 愿意的 win (won, won) n. 获胜,赢得 wind n. 风 (wound,wound) vt. 缠,蜿蜒,弯曲 window n. 窗户;计算机的窗 windy a. 有风的,多风的 wine n. 酒 wing n. 机翼,翅膀 winner n. 获胜者 winter n. 冬天,冬季 wire n. 电线 wisdom n. 智慧 wise a. 聪明,英明的,有见识的 wish n. 愿望,祝愿 vt. 希望,想要,祝愿 with[wIT]prep.与?(在)一起,带着;有?的,持有,随身带着;以,用;在?的情况下;尽管,虽然; 若是,如果;因为;随着 withdraw v 缩回(手等) 撤销,取消,撤回(申请、诉讼等) within prep. 在??里面 without prep. 没有 wolf (pl. wolves)n.狼 woman ( 复 women) n.妇女女人 wonder v.想知道 n. 惊讶,惊叹;奇迹 wonderful a. 美妙的,精彩的;了不起的;太好了 wood n.木头,木材,(复)树木,森林 wool n. 羊毛,羊绒 word n. 词,单词;话 work n. 工作,劳动,事情 vi. 工作 worker n. 工人;工作者 world n. 世界 worldwide a. 遍及全球的,世界范围的 worm n. 虫,蠕虫;蛀虫;寄生虫 worried a.担忧的 worry n.& v.烦恼,担忧,发怒,困扰 would modal v.(will 的过去时)将会,打算,想要,过去常常 wound vt.伤,伤害 n.创伤,伤口 wrist n. write (wrote, written) v. 写,书写;写作,著述 wrong a.错误,不正常,有毛病的

X X-ray n. X 射线,X 光 Y yard n. 码; 院子;场地 year n. 年 yellow a. 黄色的 yes ad. 是,好,同意 yesterday n.& ad. 昨天 yet ad. 尚,还,仍然 yoghurt n. 酸奶;酸乳酪 you pron. 你;你们 young a. 年轻的 your pron. 你的;你们的 yours pron. 你的;你们的(名词性物主代词) yourself pron. 你自己 youth n. 青春; 青年 yummy a.好吃的 Z zebra n. .斑马,斑马线 zero n. & num. 零;零度;零点 zip v&n. .拉开(或扣上)拉链,拉链

zoo n. 动物园



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