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(通用版)2016高考英语二轮复习 专题四 语法填空和短文改错 第三讲 语法专题 三 形容词和副词题针对训练


形容词和副词题

[专项训练] Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.(2015·高考四川卷改编)Little Tom sat ____________(amaze)watching the monkey dancing in front of him. 解析:句意:小汤姆坐着吃惊地看着猴子在他前面跳舞。句中需要一个形容词来说明主 语的状态, 语法上叫做“主语补足语”。 又因

为此处修饰的是人(Little Tom), 故用 amazed。 答案:amazed 2.(2015·高考湖北卷改编)The girl used to be shy,but is ____________ (gradual)getting active in group work and is more willing to express herself. 解析:句意:那个女孩过去很害羞,但现在团队合作越来越积极,(比以前)更愿意表达 自己的想法。修饰动词用副词,故填 gradually。 答案:gradually 3.(2015·福建安溪一中高三期中改编)Fitness is important in sport,but of at least ____________(equally) importance are skills. 解析:句意:强健的身体在体育运动中很重要,但是至少同样重要的还有体育技能。根 据设空处后的 importance 可知应用形容词 equal。 答案:equal 4.(2015·陕西西安市 83 中阶段考试改编)Many people volunteered to donate blood; however,the blood bank needs ____________(much). 解析:句意:许多人加入到志愿献血的行列,但是血库需要更多的血液。根据 however 可知,血库需要更多的血液,本句为隐含的比较级。 答案:more 5. Everything seemed to be going ____________(smooth)for the first two days after I moved to New York. 解析:句意:我搬到纽约后的前两天,一切似乎都进展得很顺利。修饰动词 go 应用副 词。 答案:smoothly 6.Believe in us.We make sure you can get the ____________(good) with your money.In other words,you can get your money’s worth. 解析:句意:相信我们。我们保证你能花了钱买到最好的。换言之,你能得到物有所值 的东西。根据语境可知,设空处需用最高级形式。 答案:best 7.There is still much to discuss.We shall,____________,return to this issue at our next meeting. 解析:句意:还有许多问题要讨论。因此,我们将要在下次会议上回到这个主题。根据 句意可知,前后为因果关系,表示“因此”,且空前后有逗号,故填 therefore。 答案:therefore 8.Basketball coaches waste no time to search for ____________(promise) young players of great potential for better performances in the coming season. 解析:句意:为了在接下来的赛季中有更出色的表现,篮球教练立即去寻找有希望、有

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潜力的年轻运动员。设空处后为名词,应该用形容词修饰,故填 promising,意为“有前途 的”。 答案:promising 9.Your ideas are very interesting,but we need ____________(practice) suggestions to get us out of the trouble. 解析:句意:你的主意很有趣,但是我们需要能让我们走出困境的实用的建议。设空处 后的 suggestion 为名词, 因此应用形容词修饰, 故填 practical, 意为“实际的, 实用的”。 答案:practical 10. (2015·浙江温州十校联考改编)The car is quite small, ____________(especial) when you have children,so change it for a larger one if possible. 解析:句意:这辆车相当小,特别是当你有了孩子时(会觉得它更小),因此,如果可能 的话,换一辆大点的吧。设空处修饰从句:when you have children,故应用副词形式。 答案:especially 11.—These oranges are only a dollar. —Well,they are ____________(cheap) than others,but they don’t look as good. 解析:句意:——这些橙子只要一美元。——哦,它们比别的便宜,但看上去不如别的 好。由 than 可知应用比较级。 答案:cheaper 12.Nothing is much ____________(easy) to defeat you when you often assess yourself negatively. 解析:句意:没有什么比你常常消极地评价自己更容易击败你自己。该句使用了否定式 的比较级表示最高级含义。much 用来修饰比较级。 答案:easier 13.I’m not a little ____________(tire) today after giving the room a thorough cleaning and I have never had as ____________(tire) a day as today. 解析:句意:经过对这个房间的大扫除后今天我非常累。我从来没像今天这么累。两个 设空处都需用形容词原级形式,tire 的形容词形式有:tired(感到劳累的),tiring(令人 劳累的),tiresome(令人厌烦的)。现在分词构成的形容词多表示主语或被修饰词所具有的 特征, 常译为“令人感到??的”; 过去分词构成的形容词多表述主语或被修饰词所处的状 态,常译为“感到??的” 。 答案:tired;tiring 14.Of the two digital cameras,I would prefer the ____________(small) one, which is very easy for me to carry. 解析: 句意: 在这两个数码相机中, 我更喜欢那个小一点的, 它对于我来说很容易携带。 根据句意,两个相机作比较应使用比较级, “the+比较级”表示“两者中更??的”。 答案:smaller 15.The ____________(much) medicine I take,the worse I seem to feel. 解析:句意:我吃药越多,似乎感觉越糟糕。“the+比较级,the+比较级”,表示 “越??,越??”。 答案:more Ⅱ.单句改错 1.(2015·高考浙江卷·短文改错)On the left?hand side of the class,I could easy see the football field. ________________________________________________________________________

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解析:此处用来修饰动词 see,所以应用 easy 的副词形式 easily。 答案:easy—easily 2.(2015·高考陕西卷·短文改错) I thought the biscuits were really well. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:此处作表语,修饰 the biscuits,要用 good。well 用作形容词时,表示人身体 好。 答案:well—good 3.(2015·高考陕西卷·短文改错)My mum makes the better biscuits in the world, so I decided to ask her for help. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:由该句中的 in the world 以及前面的 the 可知此处要用形容词的最高级。 答案:better—best 4.The number of traffic accidents caused by drinking is twice as larger as the number of those caused by non?drinking driving. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:由饮酒导致的交通事故是普通事故的两倍。本题为倍数句型:倍数+as +形容词/副词原形+as。故把 larger 改为 large。 答案:larger—large 5.(2016·四川乐清市二中月考改编)Experts warn that global warming will cause extreme climate changes including more frequently floods,heat waves and droughts. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:专家警告说,全球变暖导致气候的变化包括频繁的洪灾、热浪和干旱。根 据 floods 可知,前面应有形容词修饰。 答案:frequently—frequent 6. No one is beyond the law, so it is reasonably that the young talented university student was sentenced to death for murdering his roommate with poison. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:不允许任何人超越法律,因此年轻有才华的大学生在投毒谋杀室友的案件 审判中被判死刑是合理的。句中 so it is...poison 为“It is+ adj.+ that...”句式, 其中 it 为形式主语。 答案:reasonably—reasonable 7.—The weather isn’t good enough for an outing,is it? —Not in the least.We can’t have a bad day at this time of the year. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:——这样的天气对出行不够好,是不是?——一点都不好。在一年中的这 个时候,我们不可能有(比这)更糟的天气了。比较级与否定词连用可表示最高级的含义。 答案:bad—worse 8.Interest is as vital to learning as the ability to understand,even much so. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:对于学习来说,兴趣和理解力同等重要,甚至更加重要。even 后需加比 较级,故答案为 more。 答案:much—more 9.—Do you work in a hospital? —Actual,I work for a private clinic here in town.

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________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:——你是在医院工作吗?——事实上,我在这个镇子里的一家私人诊所工 作。actually 事实上(用于纠正或反驳他人),又如:No,I’m not a student.I’m a doctor, actually.不,我不是一名学生。事实上,我是一名医生。 答案:Actual—Actually 10.Progress has been very good so far.We are,however,confident that the work will be completed as expected. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:到目前为止,进展非常好。因此,我们确信工作将会按预期完成。 therefore“因此,所以”,符合句意。 答案:however—therefore 11.We use human translated rather than machines as we believe human persons are reliable. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:我们用人工翻译而不是机器翻译,因为我们相信人更可靠。根据句意可知 本句为隐含的比较级。reliable 为多音节形容词,故前加 more 构成比较级。 答案:reliable 前加 more 12.After the long journey,the three of them went back home,hungry and tiredly. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:长途跋涉后,他们三个回到家,又饿又累。考查形容词作状语,表示伴随 状况。 答案:tiredly—tired 13.If you follow a diet expert’s advice,eating more can mean losing much weight rather than less. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:如果你听从饮食专家的建议,多吃比少吃可能意味着减掉更多的体重。由 less 可知,此处应用 much 的比较级 more。 答案:much—more 14.We decided not to climb the mountains because it was raining hardly. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:我们决定不去爬山了因为当时雨下的很大。hardly 为否定副词,意为“几 乎不”,hard 为副词,意为“猛烈地”。 答案:hardly—hard 15.The Emperor opened his eyes widely but still saw nothing. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:widely 表示抽象意义,意为“广泛地”;wide 表示具体意义,意为“宽地”。 答案:widely—wide [高考模拟] Ⅰ.语法填空 (2015·吉林长春普通高中第三次质量监测) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容 (1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 As an old English saying goes, “Honesty is the best policy.”It is more than an old cliche(陈词滥调),but 1.____________ good way to live your life. First,honesty is the 2.____________(easy) choice that we can make.When people

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get caught in lies,it always costs them something.Many relationships are destroyed by lies. Second,honesty gives us much 3.____________(free).Many people believe that being honest limits them in life, but that is not true.Sooner or later those dishonest people 4.____________(pay) a price for their acts; on the contrary,when we are honest,we are 5.____________(true) free. If there were two people 6.____________(stand) before you,a person with a record of being honest and a person 7.____________ is known to be dishonest,who would you be more likely 8.____________(believe)?I’m sure most people would side with the honest person.9.____________ we live in the truth or we live in lies.The truth sets us free and lies leave us in nothing but more troubles.Honesty is a choice that we make each day.The choice is 10.____________(you).What will you choose? 【解题导语】 本文是一篇议论文,论述了“诚实是上策”这一观点。 1.解析:考查冠词。此处表示泛指“一种好方法” ,因此填不定冠词 a。 答案:a 2. 解析: 考查形容词最高级。 根据空前的冠词 the 可知, 此处应填其最高级形式 easiest。 答案:easiest 3. 解析: 考查名词。 根据 give sb.sth.的结构可知, 此处应填 free 的名词形式 freedom。 答案:freedom 4.解析:考查时态。sooner or later“迟早”,根据其意思可知,该空应用一般将来 时。 答案:will pay 5.解析:考查副词。修饰形容词应用副词,因此此处应填 true 的副词形式。 答案:truly 6.解析:考查非谓语动词。此空在“If there were two people”后,说明要用非谓 语动词;people 与 stand 之间为主谓关系,因此用现在分词 standing。 答案:standing 7.解析:考查定语从句。先行词为“person”,因此应该用关系代词 who 或 that 引导 定语从句。 答案:who/that 8.解析:考查非谓语动词。be likely to do 为固定搭配。 答案:to believe 9.解析:考查连词。根据固定结构 either...or...“要么??要么??”可知,此处 应填 Either。 答案:Either 10. 解析: 考查代词。 这就是你的选择。 此处用名词性物主代词 yours 作表语, 指代“your choice”。 答案:yours Ⅱ.短文改错 (2015·郑州第三次质量预测)假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同 桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词 的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

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修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 About a month ago,I was walking alone on the beach in the evening.I have already finished my homework,and I wanted to relax.Suddenly,I saw two children stand on the beach.They seem to have found something made of metal,which was big and reddish?brown.When I took a look at it,I knew immediate that it was an old bomb!I told them to move away the bomb.Fortunately,I had a mobile phone around with me,so I called the police and told them that had been found.About 15 minutes late,the police arrived.I was praised for it but then I went home.The next day,I heard that the police had blown the bomb up.It had been on the sand for over 60 years! 答案: About a month ago,I was walking alone on the beach in the evening.I have already had stand on standing

finished my homework,and I wanted to relax.Suddenly,I saw two children the beach.They

seem to have found something made of metal,which was big and seemed immediate that it was an old bomb!I immediately

reddish?brown.When I took a look at it,I knew told them to move

away ∧ /from the bomb.Fortunately,I had a mobile phone around with from that had been found.About 15 minutes what

me,so I called the police and told them

late but ,the police arrived.I was praised for it then I went home.The next day,I later and heard that the police had blown the bomb up.It had been on the sand for over 60 years! in

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