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必修1 unit4 period4 grammar 定语从句


1 To review common knowledge on the Attributive Clauses. 2 To develop the ability to use the Attributive Clauses.

定语从句:是指在复合句中, 代词 修饰 名词 或 的 从句. 被定语从句所修饰的名词或代 先行词 词叫做“ ”. 关系词 引导

定语从句的词叫

How many kinds of Attributive Clauses are there?

定 语 从 句

The Restrictive Attributive Clause 限制性定语从句 The Non-Restrictive Attributive Clause 非限制性定语从句

引导定语从句的关系词
指代人 who,whom,that 指代事物 which,that 所属关系 whose,of which 指地点 where 关 指时间 when 系 指原因 why 副 词 关 系 代 词

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences: A plane is a machine. The machine can fly.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences: A plane is a machine. The machine can fly. A plane is a machine the machine can fly.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences: A plane is a machine. The machine can fly. A plane is a machine that /which can fly.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
The girl

we saw her yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
The girl that/who/whom is Mary.

we saw yesterday

注意避免重复

Correct the mistakes

1.Under the big tree are 34 students,many of ——— them come from class two. whom 2. My mother has a good book, which ——— cover looks terrible. whose 3. This is the very pen that you gave it \ to me before. it \ 4. There is an old woman, that —— is holding who a stick.

1.that 与which
that can be done has 1.Nothing ______ been done. that you 2.Do you have anything ______ 先行词是 everything, nothing,? anything, don’t understand
something, much, little, none等不定代词,引 导定语从句用that

1.that 与which
1.This is the best TV _______ that is made in China. that he 2.The first museum _______ visited in China was the History 先行词被形容词最高级 Museum.
或序数词修饰时,引导 定语从句用that 。

1.that 与which
I’ve read all the books ________ that you lent me.
先行词被any, some, no, much, few, little, every, all, very, only, last 修饰时,引导 定语从句用that 。

1.that 与which
1.The famous writer and his works that _____ the radio broadcast have aroused great interest among the students. 2.A victim is a person, animal or thing ______ that suffers pain, 先行词中既有人又有事物时, death, harm, etc.
引导定语从句用that .

1.that 与which
1.Who that _______ you have ever seen can do it better ?
Who做先行词时, 引导定语从句用 that

1.that 与which
1.Her bag ,in ________ which she put all her money, has been stolen. which she 2.This is the ring on ________ spent 1000 dollars. 3.Xiao Wang ,with ________ whom I went to the concert, enjoy it very much . 在介词后面,指事物
用which,指人用whom

2如何判断介词
1)、看定语从句中动词与介词的搭配

This is the book_____ for which you asked

The old man whom I am looking after is better .

2如何判断介词
2)、看定语从句中形容词与介词的搭配

He referred me to some reference books ______ with which I am not very familiar.

2如何判断介词
3)、根据先行词判断,所用的介词与先行词 搭 配

This is our classroom , in the front of which _______________ there is a teacher’s desk.

3 Whose 的使用
whose 引导的定语从句 表示所属关系

The river _________ whose banks ar covered with trees flows to the sea

Whose 的使用
There are in this class 20 students, ______ are different. ? A.whose backgrounds ? B. The backgrounds of whom ? C.of whom the backgrounds ? D.the backgrounds of whose

4 as 的使用
The earth is round,___ as we all know. ___ As is known to all, the earth is round ___ It is known to all that the earth is round.
定语从句在句首时只能用as, as 具有正如之意,与之搭配的动 词一般是固定的

as 的使用
? This

is the same book as I lost.

这本书和我丢的那本一模一样。
? This

is the same book that I lost.

这本书就是我丢的那本。

as 的使用
This is such an interesting book ____ as we all like. This is so interesting a book _____ as 定语从句 we all like. 这是大家都喜欢的如此有趣的一 本书。

as 的使用
This is such an interesting book ____we all like it. that This is so interesting a book ____we all like it. that 结果状语从句

这本书如此有趣,大家都喜欢。

as 的使用
1. It is very useful to master a foreign language,_____ which has been said before. 2 As ___ everyone hoped, Mary as引导定语从句可放在句首,句中, has won the first prize.
句末,而which 引导定语从句不能 放在句首.as译为正如,好像。, which 则没有此义。

5 when, where, why 与 that, which 的区分
when we 1)I’ll never forget the day _________ first met in the park. 2)I’ll never forget the time which\that ________________ I spent with you. which\that 3)I’ll never forget the time _____________ was spent with you. which\that 4)This is the museum _______________I visited last year .

5 when, where, why 与 指时间,地点或原因的先行词在定语从句 that, which 的区分 中作主语或宾语,用which或that引导定
语从句。

This is the reason ___________ why/that ( = for which ) I didn’t come here. The reasonwhich/that __________ she gave was not true.

6 定语从句中的动词的数
He is the only one in his class who _______ has (have) got the teacher’s praise He is one of the students in his class who _______ have (have) got the teacher’s praise 关系词在定语从句中做主语时, 谓语动词的数取决于先行词

Correct the sentences:
1. I’m using the pen which he bought it yesterday. to 2. The man whom I spoke is ∧ from Canada. 3. July 1,1999 is the daythat when we’ll never forget.

Correct the sentences:
4. I’m going to work in the hospital where needs which me. 5. Those that haven’t been to the West Lake will gather at the school gate. who

Correct the sentences:
6.This is the last time when I’ve given you lessons. that ? 7. The reason which he explained it sounds reasonable. why
?

Correct the sentences:
8. Miss Chen is the only one of the few teachers who give us wonderful English lessons in our school. gives

Correct the sentences:
9. Taiwan, that we know, belongs to China. as

10.The bike by which I travelled was his.

on

Thank you
Goodbye


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