外研版必修三 Module 5 Great People and Great Inventions of Ancient China
New wods 1.equal adj.平等的，相同的，相等的 be equal to(介词）胜任某事，比得上某物 be equal in sth.在…方面是同等的 2.be at war with 与……交战 3.stress vt.
强调，加压与，使紧张 n.压力，紧张，强调，重视 under the stress of 在….压力下 play/lay/place stress on/upon….把重点放在….上，重视，强调 stress the importance of …. 强调….的重要性 4.bring up 养育，抚养，提出，呕吐 5.contribution n.贡献，捐助 make a contribution to (doing) sth.对….做出贡献，向….捐献…. contribute v.贡献，捐赠，有助于 contribute….to….向…..捐赠… contribute to (doing)sth.有助于…,促成…. 6.argumemt n.争论，辩论，议论 have an argumemt with sb. about/over sth.= argue with sb. about/over sth. 就某事与某人进行争论 argue v. argue for 据理力争 argue against 反对 argue sb.into doing sth 劝服/说服某人做某事 argue sb. out of doing sth. 说服某人不要做某事 7.in conclusion 最后，总之 conclude v.结束，下结论，推断 draw/reach/come to/arrive at a conclusion 得出结论 make a conclusion 下结论 8.condition n.条件，状况，环境（复数） ，社会地位 in good /bad/poor/perfect condition 情况良好/很差/极好 on this/that condition 在这个/那个条件下 on condition that 只要，条件是，在…..的前提下 You can use my bike on condition that you return it tomorrow. Sentences 1.Mencius believed that the reason why man is different from animals is that man is good. the reason why/for which……is that……” ……的原因是……” 有时也用 the reason( that/which)….. The reason why you have to study English is that it becomes more and more important. I don’t believe the reason that/which he has given us for his being late. 2.He’s just invented a clock that not only tells the time, but also plays a song to wake you up! Not only… but also…后的词的词性要对等。 The nurse was not only hard-working but also kind. Not only 放在句首，后接句子时要用倒装结构。Not only …but also 连接两个主语时不用倒装。 Not only was he considered an inventor, but also a thinker. Not only the students but also the teacher has to read the text. 3.With the Industial Revolution ,factories appeared and mass production became possible for the first time. For the first time 是介词短语，作状语 the first time 是连词”第一眼就“，引导时间状语从句 I have been here for the first time. I loved the picture the first time I saw it. Grammar 定语从句 1． 限定性定语从句 关系词 （1）关系代词 that ,which that(人，物）在句子中作主语，宾语，表语。作宾语时可省略。 Which( 物)同上。 特殊用法：that 和 which 指物时只能用 that,不能用 which 的情况。 (a)当先行词是 all, a lot ,little, few, much, none, anything, something, everything, nothing 等词时。 (b)当先行词被 all,any, no,much, little, few, every 等限定词修饰时。 (c)当先行词是序数词或被序数词修饰时。 (d)当先行词是形容词最高级或被形容词最高级修饰时。 (e)当先行词被 the very, the only, the next, the last 等所修饰时。 (f)当先行从为指人和指物的两个并列名词词组时。 (g)当主句是以 which 开头的特殊疑问句时。
关系代词 who, whom who 指人。在句子中作主语，宾语。 whom 指人。在句子中作宾语。 关系代词 whose 指人或物，在句子中修饰名词作定语。 Please pass me the book whose cover is green.= Please pass me the book of which the cover is green. =Please pass me the book the cover of which is green. （2）关系副词 when, where, why When 指时间，在从句中作时间状语。where 指地点。在从句中作地点状语。why 指原因或理由，在从句中作原因 状语。其先行词是 reason. 这三个关系副词也可以用： 介词+ which 结构。 When = on(in,at,during….) + which I still remember the day when(on which) I became a college student. Where=in(on,at…..) + which The room where(in which) I have lived faces south. Why=for which That is the reason why(for which) he is leaving so soon. 2.非限定性定语从句 （1）关系代词 as, which, who, whom, whose （2）关系副词 when, where=介词+which （3）as,which 修饰整个主句 的区别 (a) as, which 可指代整个主句，都指主句所表达的整个意思。 (b) as 引导的定语从句可位于句首，而 which 不可。 (c) as 代表前面的整个主句并在从句中作主语时，从句的谓语必须是系动词。 (d) as 后常接 expect,know, report,say,see 等动词的主，被动语态句。有“正如，正像”的意思。 As we all know, smoking is harmful to our health. Tom, as we expected, attended the meeting. The sun heats the earth, which (as) is very important to us. =As is very important, the sun heats the earth. 3.固定词组的定语从句 Such…..as….., the same….as….. This is the same book as I lost yesterday. I have never heard such a story as he tells. This is the same book that I lost yesterday.(同一本)
4.当先行词是 the way 时，定语从句的引导词通常是 in which,that 或省略 。 I don’t like the way that/in which you laugh at her.
必修三 Module 5
Great People and Great Inventions of Ancient China 测试题
一.单项选择 1. It is generally widely accepted that honesty plays an important role in________ children. A. bringing up B. bringing in C. bringing out D. bringing down 2．The English teacher laid particular________the need of reading aloud. A．stress on B．Importance C．stress to D．strain on 3. The reason_______ he failed to be the leader of our group is_______ he seemed to be over self-confident. A. that; which B. that; why C. why; which D. why; that 4 The first place______ they visited in Guilin was Elephant Trunk Hill. A. where B. which C. in which D. that 5．Taking care of children calls for your time，abilities，patience and emotions.________，it is not a simple thing. A．On the contrary B．What’s more C．In conclusion D．On the other hand 6. He is not_______ to the position and we’d better get someone else to do it. A. fit B. good C. equal D. interested 7. Anyone who has a_______ of humor can get along well in______ society. A. sense; / B. feeling; the C. mind; / D. taste; the 8. Being kind to others should be everyone’s______ of life._______, our world will be more peaceful and beautiful. A. aim; If so B. standard; If that C. belief; Even so D. principle; If so 9．This is the first time that he________to join us in a research. A．agree B．Agreed C．has agreed D．will agree 10．All the countries in the world should________each other，though some developing countries can’t equal developed ones________some sections. A．be equal to；in B．be equal with；on C．be equal；on D．be equal to；of 11 ______ in 1901, Nanjing University is one of the most famous universities in China. A. Being founded B. It was founded C. Founded D. Founding 12．The director ordered that the gate and windows________firmly before leaving the office. A．shall be closed B．be closed C．ought to be closed D．must be closed 13 . Many scientists_______ great contributions______ the project. A. add；to B. lead; to C. refer；to D. made; to 14. The house______ windows are broken is not occupied. A. of which B. on which C. about which D. whose 15．As we know the teaching styles in the West are quite different from________in China. A．those B．Ones C．it D．that
What a busy day! The three boys were fed, bathed and changed in to their nightclothes. Mary had ___16___ them a story and finally they were asleep. “Babysitting（照看）the three boys aged eight, six and four is extremely ___17___,” she thought. “Sleep,” she considered, “if only I could!” But she had difficult homework to complete. Leaning back, she ___18___ her feet onto the sofa to get comfortable. Whoever said babysitting was a(an) ___19___ way to make money obviously hadn’t met the three boys, she thought. The television was on, the room was warm, and the lights were dim. Mary’s ___20___ felt heavier and heavier. I mustn’t sleep, she thought — which was ___21___ what she did, of course. Strangely enough, she soon ___22___ that she was a world-famous chef（主厨）. She made a ___23___ and wore diamonds and designer clothes. Most days she relaxed by the pool, meeting the rich and famous or ___24___ — her favorite hobby. She ___25___ took the leading role in her own TV show. That is, until she became too ___26___. “I am definitely the best in the world,” she thought, as she prepared a tasty chicken dish. But ___27___ seemed to go right. She spilt the flour, she dropped an egg and she cut her finger. Despite all
the troubles, she ___28___ to get the chicken into the dove. Soon, smoke blanketed the room. The chicken was on fire. ___29___ set in, but Mary could not run — she was ___30___ to the spot. She tried hard to move, but could not, ___31___ a sharp sound awoke her. She got shocked and confused — ___32___ was pouring from the kitchen. Rushing to investigate, she was met by three ___33___ little faces and some very burnt bread. “Sorry, we were hungry and you were ___34___, so we tried to make some bread,” explained a boy. Relieved, Mary made them a snack and sent them back to bed. She___35__ them never to fall asleep on the job again! 16. A. given B. written C. told D. taught 17. A. successful B. helpful C. tiring D. surprising 18. A. shook B. put C. bent D. kept 19. A. difficult B. boring C. important D. easy 20. A. eyes B. mind C. heart D. legs 21. A. nicely B. exactly C. curiously D. carelessly 22. A. realized B. reminded C. learnt D. dreamt 23. A. decision B. fortune C. business D. plan 24. A. cooking B. reading C. running D. babysitting 25. A. just B. ever C. even D. only 26. A. selfish B. proud C. stubborn D. sensitive 27. A everything B. something C. anything D. nothing 28. A. tried B. arranged C. managed D. prepared 29. A. Panic B. Pain C. Noise D. Stress 30. A. frozen B. dragged C. pushed D. brought 31. A. because B. until C. as D. unless 32. A. smoke B. light C. water D. fire 33. A. cheerful B. strange C. guilty D. confident 34. A. busy B. hungry C. worried D. asleep 35. A. promised B. allowed C. expected D. persuaded
In England, we look forward to our birthdays for 364 days a year! We invite special people to celebrate it with us. The Presents Presents are opened as soon as the children are awake. They can’t wait for the birthday cake later in the day! The Cards Friends and family send birthday cards. Sending birthday cards is a custom (风俗) that began in England about 100 years ago. The Party The birthday child will have a party to which friends and family are invited. Visitors to the party bring presents for the birthday child. The children play games such as musical chairs and pass the parcel (包裹). The Cake The birthday cake is decorated on a theme (主题). A candle for each year is lit and placed on top and the child blows out the candles making a wish. We don’t put objects inside the cake as stated on many websites. The Bumps (碰撞) It used to be traditional for the birthday child to have the bumps. Friends would hold the child by the legs and under the arms and lift the child up and down bumping them gently on the ground. The number of bumps given is the age of the child plus one for extra good luck. As this can be dangerous, clapping (拍手) is often done instead. The Sweets Some children do take sweets to school to share with their classmates on their birthdays. 36. In England, the birthday present is opened _____. A. before the child wakes up B. immediately after the child wakes up C. as soon as the child gets up D. during the birthday party 37. If Alice is celebrating her 7th birthday, how many bumps will she be given? A. Six. B. Seven. C. Eight. D. Nine.
38. Which of the following facts about birthdays in England is NOT true? A. All the children will receive birthday cards on their birthdays. B. Clapping is often done for the birthday child. C. Objects meaning good luck are usually placed inside the birthday cake. D. Nowadays children may share sweets with their classmates on their birthdays. 39. Wh at wou ld be the best title for this passage? A. How birthdays are celebrated in the world B. Where to hold an English birthday party C. What to send when invited to a child’s birthday D. How English children celebrate their birthdays B When you’re lying on the white sands of the Mexican Riviera, the stresses(压力) of the world seem a million miles away. Hey, stop! This is no vacation-you have to finish something! Here lies the problem for travel writer and tood critic(评论家),Edie Jarolim “I always loved traveling and always liked to eat, but it never occurred to me that I could make money doing both of those things,” Jarolim said. Now you can read her travel advice everywhere in Arts and Antiques, in Brides, or in one of her there books, The Complate Idiot’s Travel Guide to Mexican Beach Resarts. ……writing began some eight years ago. After getting a PhD in English in Canada, she took a Test Frommer’s travel guides, passed it, and got the job. After working at Frommer’s, Jarolim workedfor a while at Rough Guides in London, then Fodor’s, where she fell so in love with a description of the Southwest of the U.S. that she moved there. Now as a travel writer, she spends one-third of her year on the road. The rest of the time is spent completing her tasks and writing reviews of restaurants at home in Tucson, Arigona. As adventurous as the job sounds, the hard part is fact-checking all the information. Sure, it’s great to write about a tourist attraction, but you’d better get the local(当地的)museum hours correct or you could really ruin someone’s vacation. 40 . Which country does Jarolim live in now? A．Mexico B．The U.S. C．The U.K. D．Canada 41. What is most difficrlt for Jarolim? A．Working in different places to collect information B．Checking all the facts to be written in the guides C．Finishing her work as soon as possible D．Passing a test to write travel guides 42. What do we know about Jarllim from the text? A．She is successful in her job B．She finds her life full of stresses C．She spends half of her time traveling D．She is especially interested in museums 43. What would be the best title for the text? A．Adventures in Travel Writing B．Working as a Food Critic C．Travel Guides on the Market D．Vacationing for a Living C
“I love the music-player function of 3G cellphones, ” Xiaomei, a Chinese
senior high school girl
living in Japan, said happily. “Recently, I logged on to a website and downloaded some new Japanese songs with lyrics(歌词) onto my 3G cellphone, ”the girl said. “You know, it’s amazing! Just like with KTV, the singer’s voice can be switched-off leaving just the background music and lyrics. When no one is around, I practice singing songs like crazy. ” Xiaomei’s 3G cellphone almost made her a super star among her classmates. 3G was first introduced into Japan in
2001. After a slow start, it’s now widely used there. High school students top the list of user groups, according to a major service provider in Japan. After years of effort, China is finally catching up. In January, China issued(发放) a 3G license to three operators—China Mobile, China Telecom and China Unicom. In 2009, the operators announced plans to expand the use of 3G cellphones. What is 3G? 3G wireless networks give users faster Internet connections. The Internet connection speed of 3G can be up to 15 to 20 times faster. This allows music and games to be downloaded more easily. E-mail can also be accessed(进入) faster. It has made watching movies and video-conferencing possible on a mobile phone. How do I use 3G? First, you must have a 3G cellphone. This year, products made by different cellphone companies will gradually(渐渐地) appear in the marketplace. China Mobile and China Telecom users can continue using their old phone number and SIM card. China Unicom, however, has not yet decided on this matter. How much does it cost? The three operators have said that 3G fees will be similar, or slightly lower than today’s 2G cellphones. According to a 3G student package, calls within the China Mobile network will cost 0? 13 yuan per minute, while the fees go up to 0? 23yuan per minute for calls between China Mobile and other networks. 44. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE? A. If you are a China Mobile user, you must have a new phone number when you use 3G. B. After 3G was introduced to Japan, it was widely used there almost immediately. C. In 2009, mobile phone operators may consider expanding the use of 3G cellphones. D. It is thought that in Japan high school students use 3G the most. 45. The underlined sentence in Paragraph 2 probably means____. A. you can only see the lyrics on the cellphone B. the singer’s voice can be hidden allowing your voice to be heard if you sing aloud C. you can’t hear the singer singing if you turn off the cellphone D. the singer’s voice matches the background music and lyrics very well 46. The main idea of this passage is_______ . A. how popular 3G is in Japan B. how cheap 3G fees will be C. what 3G is and why it has become more and more popular D. how 3G spreads from Japan to China 47. Which of the followings is NOT a benefit of 3G’s high Internet connection speed? A. Music and games can be downloaded more easily. B. Calls within China Mobile network will cost 0.13 yuan per minute. C. E-mail can be received faster. D. Watching movies and video-conferencing are possible. 翻译句子 1.签订这样一项条约是对世界和平的重大贡献。 2.每个星期日我都会给教堂捐赠 10 美元。 3.他强调说我们应准时。 5.医生成功地治好了他的病。 7.她得到了一个秘书职位。 9.他不喜欢任何时髦的东西。 11.这是今年在这个城市上映的最好的电影。 4.她把房间收拾得井井有条。 6.这幅画很宝贵。 8.我永远不会忘记我遇见他的那一天。 10.你可以坐任何空着的座位。 12.这正是我想买的那本字典。
13.他高兴地谈论这所学校中让他感兴趣的人和书籍。 14.站在门口的那个人是谁？. 15.她考试不及格，这使得她母亲很伤心。 16.这就是鲁迅曾经住过的房子。
1-5 AADDC 6-10 CADCA 31-35 BACDA 阅读：A 篇 36-39 BCCD 翻译句子
11-15 CBDDA B 篇 40-43 BBAD
16-20 CCBDA C篇
21-25 BDBBC 26-30 BDCAA
1. The signing of such a treaty would be a major contribution towards/to world peace. 2. I gave a ten-dollar contribution to the church every Sunday.. 3. He stressed that we should be punctual. 4. She put the room in order. 5. The doctor successful ly treated his disease. 6. The picture is of great value. 7. She got a position as a secretary. 8. I’ll never forget the day on which I met him. 9. He hates everything that is modern. 10. You can take any seat that is free. 11. This is the best film that has been shown in this city this year. 12. This is the very dictionary that I want to buy. 13. He talked happily about the men and books that interested him in the school. 14. Who is the man that is standing by the gate? 15.She failed in the exam，which made her mother sad. 16. This is the house in which Lu Xun used to live
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