Tojpic sentence ①——has become a common part ofpeople’s life. ②And——has always aroused thegreatest concern. ③what impresses us most is ——. ④The reasons——are v
信息提示 1．空格内用概括性的词语填出最近出现的 总体现象。 2.空格内填题目要去讨论的具体现象 3.现象的具体表现 4.过度句，填现象或现象带来的后果，为下 文分析产生的原因做铺垫。
5. Amongthe various reasons,——plays an important role. 6.Thatis to say,—— 7.Whatis more,—— 8.Forexample,—— 9．When talking about——，——， 10．On the one hand—— 11．On the other hand,—— 12．In brief,——
5．原因之一。 6.具体说明原因一。 7.原因二。 8 举例说明原因二 9.空格一填作者要讨论的现象，空格二填作者的 看法。 10.支持看法的理由一或说明看法的第一个 方面。 11.理由二或第二个方面。 12.总结。
1.We have witnessed —— 2.According to ——，—— 3.And —— 4.Many reasons contribute to—— 1．空格内填最近出现的总体现象。 2.空格一根据题目填 thechart,thereport 等，空格二内填现 象的具体表现一。 3.现象的具体表现二 4.过度句，填现象或现象带来的后果，为下文分析产生的 原因做铺垫。 5. Tobegin with ,——. 6.Moreover,—— 7.Inaddition ,—— 8.As aresult ,—— 9.As tome,——， 10.Firstof all,—— 11.Besides,—— 12.Toconclude,—— 5．原因之一。 6. 原因二。 7.原因三。 8 原因导致的结果。 9.空格内填作者对现象的看法。 10.支持看法的理由一。 11.理由二。 12.总结。
1.——has been brought into focus. 2.Nowdays,——. 3.Inaddition, ——. 1．空格内填最近出现的总体现象。 2.空格内填现象的具体表现一。 3.现象的具体表现二 4.过度句到分析原因。
4.Manyreasons contribute to—— 5.Generally speaking ,——. 6.Firstof all,—— 7.Moreover,—— 8.Therefore,—— 9.Asfar as I am concerned,——， 10.Aswe known ,—— 11.Furthermore,—— 12.In aword,—— 5．承上启下开始列举原因 6. 原因之一。 7 原因二。 8 对原因一二进行总结。 9.空格内填作者对现象的看法。 10.支持看法的理由一。 11.理由二。 12.总结。
1.Differentpeople have different views on—— 2. Somepeople perfer,——. 3.Others tend to, ——. 4.As tome, I agree with /to —— 5. Ofcourse,——. 6.Forexample,—— 7.But,—— 8.Thefollowing reasons can account for my preference—— 9.Themain reason is ——. 10.Agood example to illustrate is —— 11.Furanother,—— 12.Fromthe foregoing,——
1．开门见山直入主体，表明对某事人们的不同看法。 2．表明一部分人的看法。 3．另一部分的看法。 4．作者的看法。 5．承认自己不赞同的看法有一定的合理性。 6. 举例说明支持第五句。 7 转折指出这种观点的不足。 8 启下句过度到下段具体阐述自己所支持的观点的理由。
9.支持观点的理由一。 10.举例说明理由一。 11.理由二。 12.总结全文，从长远看来。
2.模板二（1999 年 6 月真题）
1.There is no complete agreementamong people as to — 1．开门见山直入主体，表明对某事人们的不同看法。 — 2. Some people consider,——. 3. However, others think, ——. 4．观点一的理由。 4.Some people may say —— 5. They hold this opinionbecause——. 6. However, others believe,—— 7.They argue that,—— 8.Personally,I am in favor ofthe—— 9. Firstly, ——. 10.Secondly,—— 11.Most important of all —— 12.Taking above-mentionedfactors into 5．深入阐述观点一的理由。 6. 观点二的理由。 7 深入阐述观点二的理由。 8 我的看法。 9.个人看法依据一。 10. 个人看法依据二。 11. 个人看法依据三。 12.总结全文。 2．表明一部分人的看法。 3．另一部分的看法。
consideration, we/I may reasonably conclude that ——
1. When asked about ——,differentpeople will offer different opinions. 2. Some people take it forgranted that——. 3. In their opinion, ——. 4. Besides —— 5．提出观点二。 5. However, others hold——. 6.They maitain—— 7.And—— 8.Weighing up these arguments, Iam for—— 9. For one thing——. 10.For anther,—— 11.For instance,—— 12.Therefore, as stated above—— 6. 观点二的理由一。 7.观点二的理由二。 8 我的观点。 9.个人观点理由一。 10. 个人观点理由二。 11. 举例说明。 12.综上所述再次强调自己的观点。 1．开门见山直入主体，表明对某事人们的不同看法。 2．提出观点一。 3．观点一的理由一。 4．观点一的理由二
1. With thedevelopment/improvement of ——,——. 2. It is necessary that——. 3. On the one hand, ——. 4. On the other hand, —— 5. Therefore, how to —— is worthpaying attention. 6.Firstly——7.Secondly—— 8.For example,——9. Thirdly, ——. 10.In other words,—— 11.In fact, ways to —— arecountless. 12.It’s time that ——
1．空格一处铺垫，空格二处填写某一问题。 2．关注解决现象引出的问题很必要。 3．解决问题很必要的理由一。 4．解决问题很必要的理由二。 5．承上启下，填要解决的问题。 6. 解决办法一。 7 解决办法二。 8. 举例解释解决办法二。 9. 解决办法三。 10. 阐明解决办法三。 11. 指出解决问题的办法多种多样。 12. 强调解决问题时不可待。
1. There has been a discussionrecently abouot——. 2. It is obvious that——. 3. Additionally, ——. 4. So it is high time, —— 5. First of all, —— 6.The reason is——7.Secondly—— 8.That is to say,—— 1．提出现存的问题。 2．解决问题很必要的理由一 3．解决问题很必要的理由二。 4．承上启下，说明解决问题的必要性。 5．解决办法一 6．解决办法一的理由.。 7．解决办法二。 8. 阐明解决办法二。
9. Thirdly, ——. 10.In fact, more than three wayscan be adopted,—— 11.As for me, —— 12.All in all, ——
9. 解决办法三。 10. 指出解决问题的办法多种多样。 11. 小结解决问题的根本途径。 12. 总结全文。
3.模板三(2001 年 1 月)
1. I t is certain that——. 2. For one reason,——. 3. For another, ——. 4. However, some still puzzle onhow to ——. 5. Here come some suggestions. 6.To begin with,——7.Secondly—— 8.For instance,—— 9. Thirdly, ——. 10.That is because—— 11.The solutionvary according todifferent situations. 12.Therefore, —— 11.解决问题的办法随具体情况不同而变化根本途径。 12. 总结全文，要灵活地依据具体情况处理问题。 1．提出问题及解决的必要性。 2．解决问题很必要的理由一 3．解决问题很必要的理由二。 4．转折到如何解决问题。 5．呈上指出解决问题的方法很多。 6．解决办法一.。 7．解决办法二。 8. 阐明解决办法二。 9. 解决办法三。 10. 其理由。
1. It is true that——. 2. However,——. 3.I think——. 4.—— can be listed as follow. 5. First of all, —— 6. Secondly ——7.For example—— 8.Thirdly,—— 9. A case in point is ——. 10.It goes without saying that—— 11.There is no doubt that —— 12.In conclusion ——
1．提出普遍存在地观点。 2．谈不同地观点。 3．自己地观点，即文章地论点 4．过度句，转折到观点地论证，由题目选择具体的词。 5．论证理由一 6．论证理由二。 7．举例具体说明理由二。 8. 论证理由三。 9. 举例说明理由三。 10. 提出执行该观点时应注意的事项。 11. 得出结论。 12. 总结全文。
1. Some people believe that——. 2. The truth is deep andprofound. 3. As we know,——. 1．直接提出本文的观点。 2．进一步强度观点的正确性。 3．论证理由一 4．论证理由二
4. In addition,——. 5．承上启下。 5. There are numerous examples —— 6. A case in point is—— 7.There is close to suggest—— 8.For another example—— 9.Moreover,——. 10.All mentioned above tell us—— 11.But one thing we have tonotice is that —— 12.In a word, —— 10. 总结上下，重申论点。 11. 指出该论点应注意什么。 12. 总结全文。 6．举例一具体论证。 7．总结例一。8. 举例二具体论证。 9. 举例三具体论证。
五、说明原因型模块 These dayswe often hear that (1).It is common that (2). Why does such circumstance occurin spite of social protects? For one thing, (3).For another, (4). What is more,since (5),it isnatural that (6).To solve the problem is not easy at all, but is worth trying.We should do something such as (7) to improve he present situation, and I dobelieve everything will be better in the future. 注释： 1、提出论题 2、说明现状 3、理由一 4、理由二 5、理由三 6、理由三引起的后果 六、图表式作文写作模板 It is obvious in the graphic/table that the rate/number/amount of Y has undergone dramatic changes. It has gone up/grown/fallen/dropped considerably in recent years (as X varies). At the point of X1, Y reaches its peak value of……(多少). What is the reason for this change? Mainly there are…… (多少)reasons behind the situation reflected in the graphic/table. First of all,……(第 一个原因). More importantly,……(第二个原因). Most important of all,……(第三个原因). From the above discussions, we have enough reason to predict what will happen in the near future. The trend described in the graphic/table will continue for quite along time (if necessary measures are not taken 括号里的使用于那些不太好的变化趋势). 七、提纲式作文写作模板 1、对立观点式 A. 有人认为 X 是好事，赞成 X，为什么？ B. 有人认为 X 是坏事，反对 X，为什么？
C. 我的看法。 Some people are in favor of the idea of doing X. They point out thefact that 支持 X 的第一 个原因。They also argue that 支持 X 的另一个原因。However, other people stand on a different ground. They consider itharmful to do X. They firmly point out that 反对 X 的第一个理 由。 Anexample can give the details of this argument: There is some truth in botharguments. But I think the advantages of X overweigh the disadvantages. Inaddition to the above-mentioned negative effects it might bring about, X alsomay X 的有一个坏处。 2、批驳观点式 A．一个错误观点。 B．我丌同意。Manypeople argue that 错误观点。By saying that, they mean 对这个观点 的进一步解释。An example they have presented is that 一个例子。(According to a surveyperformed by X on a group of Y, almost 80% of them 赞成这个错误观点戒者受到这个错 误观点的影响)。 There might be some element oftruth in these people’s belief. But if we consider it in depth, we will feel noreservation to conclude that 不错误观点相反的观点。There are a number of reasons behind my belief. (以下参照辩论文的议论文写法)。3、社会问题(现 象)式 A．一个社会问题戒者现象 B．产生的原因 C．对社会和我们生活的影响 D．如何杜绝。(如果是问题的话) E．前景的预测。 Nowadays, there exists an increasingly serioussocial/economic/environmental problem. (X has increasingly become a commonconcern of the public). According to a survey, 调查内容说明 这种现象的情况。(戒者是一个例子)。 There are a couple of reasonsbooming this problem/phenomenon.下面参照辩论式议论文写法。 X has caused substantial impact on the society and our daily life,which has been articulated in the following aspects. 参照辩论式议论文 的写法。 A dozen of measures aresupposed to take to prevent X from bringing us more harm. 同 上 Based on the above discussions, Ican easily forecast that more and more people will…… 辩论式议论文模版（一） Some people believe (argue, recognize, think)that 观点 1. But other people take an opposite side. They firmly believe that 观点 2. As for me, I agree to the former/latter idea. There are a dozenof reasons behind my belief. First of all, 论据 1. More importantly, 论据 2. Most important of all, 论据 3. In summary, 总结观点。 As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心。或 From above, we can predict that 预测。
辩论式议论文模版（二） People hold different views about X. Some people are of the opinionthat 观点 1. While others point out that 观点 2. As far as I am concerned, the former/latter opinion holds moreweight. For one thing, 论据 1. For another, 论据 2. Last but not the least, 论据 3. To conclude, 总结观点. As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心。或 From above, we can predict that 预测。
解决方法题型 要求考生列举出解决问题的多种途径 1． 问题现状 2． 怎样解决(解决方案的优缺点) In recent days, we have to face I problem-----A, which is becoming more and more serious. First, ------------(说明Ａ的现状)．Second, ---------------(举例进一步说明现状) Confronted with A, we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, ---------------(解决方法一). For another -------------(解决方法二). Finally, -------------(解决方法三). Personally, I believe that -------------(我的解决方法). Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because --------------(带来的好处). 大学英语四级写作模板库：对比选择型作文模板 When it comes to ＿＿＿＿ ,different people hold different views .
Some contend that＿＿＿＿. For one thing,＿＿＿＿ .For another,＿＿＿ . In spite of all these claims, others maintain that ＿＿＿＿，They point out that＿＿＿＿ .Another instance often cited is that＿＿＿＿ . It’s no easy task to find a satisfactory answer to the issue. As for me, there’s some truth to both arguments .It’s advisable to ＿＿＿＿＿＿. 说明利弊题型 这种题型往往要求先说明一下现状，再对比事物本身的利弊，有时也会单从一个角度 （利或弊）出发，最后往往要求考生表明自己的态度（或对事物前景提出预测） 1． 说明事物现状 2． 事物本身的优缺点（或一方面） 3． 你对现状（或前景）的看法 Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First ----------------(Ａ的优点之一). Besides ------------------（A 的优点之二）. But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that ----------------(Ａ的第一个缺点)．To make matters worse,------------------(A 的第二个缺点)．
Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to ---------------(我的看法)． (From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only by this way, ---------------(对 前景的预测)．) 现象解释型作文模板： Recently, ＿＿＿＿What amazes us most is＿＿＿＿＿．It is true that ＿＿＿＿＿. There are many reasons explaining ＿＿＿＿＿＿．The main reason is＿＿＿＿＿ ，What is more, ＿＿＿＿＿，Thirdly, ＿＿＿＿＿．As a result, ＿＿＿＿＿． Considering all these, ＿＿＿＿＿．For one thing, ＿＿＿＿For another, ＿＿＿＿．In conclusion, ＿＿＿＿． 议论文的框架 (1) 不同观点列举型（ 选择型 ） There is a widespread concern over the issue that __作文题目_____. But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that _ 观点一________. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place, ___原因一_______.Furthermore, in the second place, ___原因二_____. So it goes without saying that ___观点一_____. People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people
hold the idea that ___观点二_______. In their point of view, on the one hand， ___原因一 _______. On the other hand, ____原因二_____. Therefore, there 二______. As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that __观点一或二______. is not only because ________, but also because _________. The more _______, the more ________. （2）利弊型的议论文 Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)___作文题目______. In fact, there are both advantages and disadvantages in __题目议题_____. Generally speaking, it is widely believed there are several positive aspects as follows. Firstly, ___优点一______. And secondly ___优点二_____. Just As a popular saying goes, "every coin has two sides", __讨论议题______ is no exception, and in another word, it still has negative aspects. To begin with, ___缺点一______. In addition, ____缺点二______. It is no doubt that ___观点
To sum up, we should try to bring the advantages of __讨论议题____ into full play, and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In that case, we will definitely make a better use of the ____讨论议题___. ( 3 ) 答题性议论文 Currently, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)__作文题目_______ .It is really an important concern to every one of us. As a result, we must spare no efforts to take some measures to solve this problem. As we know that there are many steps which can be taken to undo this problem. First of all, __途径一______. In addition, another way contributing to success of the solving problem is ___ 途径二_____. Above all, to solve the problem of ___作文题目______, we should find a number of various ways. But as far as I am concerned, I would prefer to solve the problem in this way, that is to say, ____方法_____. ( 4 ) 谚语警句性议论文 It is well know to us that the proverb: " ___谚语_______" has a profound significance and value not only in our job but also in our study. It means ____谚语的含义_______. The saying can be illustrated through a series of examples as follows. ( also theoretically ) A case in point is ___例子一______. Therefore, it is goes without saying that it is of great of importance to practice the proverb ____谚语_____. With the rapid development of science and technology in China, an increasing number of people come to realize that it is also of practical use to stick to the saying: ____谚语_____. The more we are aware of the significance of this famous saying, the more benefits we will get in our daily study and job.. 问题解决型作文模板： With the ＿＿＿＿of＿＿＿＿，So it is of great importance for us to＿＿＿＿ . On the one hand＿＿＿＿, On the other hand＿＿＿＿, However, we have figured out many ways to ＿＿＿＿＿．Firstly, ＿＿＿＿So long as＿＿ ＿＿ . Secondly＿＿＿＿, Thirdly＿＿＿＿．In fact＿＿＿＿, That is because ＿＿＿＿. In a word,＿＿＿＿＿＿＿＿ ．
图表作文的框架 as is shown/indicated/illustrated by the figure/percentage in the
table(graph/picture/pie/chart), ___作文题目的议题_____ has been on rise/ decrease (goesup/increases/drops/decreases),significantly/dramatically/steadily rising/decreasing from______ in _______ to ______ in _____. From the sharp/marked decline/ rise in the chart, it goes without saying that ________. There are at least two good reasons accounting for ______. On the one hand, the fact that ________. In are some other that the above
________. On the other hand, _______ is due to addition, ________ is responsible for _______. reasons to show ________.
But it is generally believed
mentioned reasons are commonly convincing. As far as my opinion is I am concerned, I hold the point of view that _______. I am sure
both sound and well-grounded.
图表作文是大学英语四级考试写作题中常出现的题型,它是利用图表如 graph, diagram, chart, table, picture 等中的统计数据来阐述论题的文章.图表作文大体可以分两类:一、单纯描写图表中数据 的变化特点,最后归纳总结,即纯说明文;二、先描写数据变化,再分析变化背后的原因,最后是笔者的个 人看法、预测未来发展趋势或提出解决问题的方法,即说明+议论.后者在最近几年的四级考试中出现较 多,是科普文章常用的写作方法,既考查了学生的写作能力,又要求有较强的观察力、分析力和想象力,是 很好的测试形式. 那么如何写好图表作文呢?可以从以下几方面着手: 1. 对比分析,寻找数据的变化规律 图表作文通常要论述某个论点,因此,所提供的数据资料一般都是有规律的.但这些数据是一些零散 的信息,需要我们总结和归纳.关键就是对比数据之间的关系,包括横向和纵向的比较:从横向看,同一类 (如事物 A)数据随时间变化是升还是降,升降的幅度多大;从纵向看,不同类别(如事物 A、B、C)的变化 是相似还是相反,从中寻找规律.以 91.6 CET-4: Changes in People's Diet in China 为例(表 1).
(表 1) 这个表格里有 20 多个数据,乍一看让人眼花缭乱,其实从纵横向比较极有规律.横向比较,不难发现 粮食(grain)的消费量逐年下降,5 年间减少了 4%,而牛奶(milk)的消费却逐年增加,肉类(meat)也在增加; 纵向看,milk 和 meat 变化趋势相同,占总消费的比例在增大,而 grain 比例变化正相反.从而归纳出一个 总的变化规律:grain 的消费量在减少,而 milk 和 meat 的消费量在增加. 相对于表格,2002.6 CET-4(Student Use of Computer)的柱形图显得简洁明了,信息集中.该图的横 向为日期(90,95,2000),纵向为大学生每周使用计算机的时间,只有一类事物,没有不同事物的比较.关键 考虑计算机应用与日期的关系:随时间递增还是递减?或时增时减?柱形图清晰显示出这样一个变化特 点:随着时间的推移,大学生越来越多地使用计算机.(见图 2)
(图 2) 2. 筛选数据
图表提供的资料数据是否需要在文中一一列出?应选择或忽略哪些数据?引用数据的目的在于更有 力地阐述论点,就像论据有主次,数据也应选择具有典型性和代表性的数据一样,不必一一列出.以表 1 为 例,列出 1986-1990 每一年 grain 的消费量只会显得繁琐、重点不突出.试试这句话:The percentage of grain consumption decreased gradually, from 49 per cent in 1986 to 45 per cent in 1990. 简明扼要 地说明变化趋势是递减,两端数据 49%和 45%足已说明变化趋势.又如 milk 和 meat 的变化,都说明同 一观点:人们的经济收入增加了,生活水平提高了,能够消费得起价格较高的肉奶食品.这样,描述 milk 的 变化后,就不必重复 meat 的变化.简单一句"The same is the case with meat."即可.或者直接计算出增 加值或减少值,如:The amount of grain in people's diet has decreased by 4%. However, the amount of milk has increased 3%and that of meat has increased 4%. 总之,挑选有说服力的数据,主要是首尾两端数字或其增减值. 3. 强调数据间的关系,突出变化 发现数据的变化规律,引用了典型数据,还须进一步强调突出这种变化,使论证更有力.以 "Student Use of Computer"为例,有学生写到:But in 2000, students spent nearly 20 hours per week on the computer. This number was ten times that of 1990 and five times that of 1995. 像这样用倍数或比例 更能说明问题,给人留下深刻印象. 4. 使用主题句 无论写作或阅读都强调主题句(topic sentence).主题句是能高度概括文章段落中心内容或主题思 想的句子,通常位于段首或段尾.图表作文的主题句最好放在段首,使其既能提纲挚领又能起到衔接的作 用,使文章思路清晰,过渡自然. 通常第一段的主题句都表示发生了某种变化.例如: (1) Great changes have been taking place in (eg. people's diet, student use of computer...) from (eg. 1995 to 2000). (91.6, 2002.6 CET-4) (2) In recent years, the time students using computers has increased greatly. (2002.6 CET-4) 第二段分析引起变化的因素,主题句通常表示引起这种变化的原因有几点.例如: (1) There are many factors that have stimulated this huge change. (2) Such changes are mainly caused by two reasons. 第三段总结归纳或提出问题,很简短.例如: (1) In short, with the improvement of people's living standards, changes in their diet will be greater and more obvious. (91.6 CET-4: 预测未来变化趋势) (2) There is sure to be a lot of problems in student use of computer, however.... (2002.6 CET-4: 提出问题)
5. 常用句式、词汇 1) 总括性描述 As can be seen from the table, great changes have been taking place in ... From the above table it can be seen that... As it is shown in the table,... According to the graph, ... It is clear from the table that ... The survey shows/suggests that ... According to the figures given in the table ... A study showed ... As you may see from the diagram,... The two charts above tell us something about ... 2) 描述具体数据变化 increase/decrease by... increase from ... to... increase steadily from... There was a marked increase in ... There has been a rapid increase in ... an increase of decline in ... four times as much as ... amount to fall from ... to... appear stable reach 5,000 million in 1998
continue to grow has been growing faster and faster since ... less than up to compared with make up the number of ... remains the same as ... the remaining 3) 分析原因 There are chiefly two reasons for the changes. ...is mainly caused by ... This directly relates to the problem of (the world's food, housing, job shortage...) What caused these changes? ... The reasons that caused changes are diverse. On the one hand, ...On the other hand, ... The rapid growth of ... owes much to... lie in lead to 4) 总结归纳 Through the analysis, we can draw a conclusion that ... In short, ... Steps should be taken to ... To solve the problem of ..., we ... From all the facts given above, we can see ... Taking the advantages and disadvantages together into consideration, I believe...
Your address Month, Date, year Receiver's address Dear ..., I am extremely pleased to hear from you./ to see your advertisement for the position in .... And I would like to write a letter to tell you that.../ I am confident that I am suitable for the kind of the job you are advertising. .../ I feel I am competent to meet the requirements you have listed. On the one hand, .... On the other hand, .... I am enclosing my resume for your kind consideration and reference. I shall be much obliged if you will offer me a precious opportunity to an interview. I will greatly appreciate a response from you at your earliest convenience/ I am looking forward to your replies at your earliest convenience. Best regards for your health and success. Sincerely yours, XXX 对比观点题型 （1） 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。 1． 有一些人认为。。。 2． 另一些人认为。。。 3． 我的看法。。。 The topic of ①-----------------（主题）is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of opinions of it. Some people say A is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason of ②-----------------（支持 A 的理由一）What is more, ③-------------理由二). Moreover, ④---------------(理由三). While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,----------------(支持 B 的理由一). Secondly (besides),⑥------------------（理由二）. Thirdly (finally),⑦-----------------(理由三). From my point of view, I think ⑧----------------（我的观点）. The reason is that ⑨-------------------(原因). As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former is surely a wise choice . （2） 给出一个观点，要求考生反对这一观点 Some people believe that ①----------------（观点一）. For example, they think ②----------------（举例说明）．And it will bring them ③-----------------(为他们带来的好处). In my opinion, I never think this reason can be the point. For one thing,④-------------(我不同
意该看法的理由一). For another thing, ⑤-----------------(反对的理由之二)． Form all what I have said, I agree to the thought that ⑥------------------(我对文章所讨论主 题的看法)． 现象说明文 Recently _______,what amazes us most is______________,it is ture that__________. There are many reasons explaining__________________________.The main reason is____________________. what is more_________________________.thirdly__________________________.As a result_______________. Considering all there,________________________.For one thing_____________________,for another________ ____.In Conclusion____________________. 一种事物或现象（负面意义倾向） 阐述主题题型 要求从一句话或一个主题出发，按照提纲的要求进行论述。 1． 阐述名言或主题所蕴涵的意义。 2． 分析并举例使其更充实。 The good old proverb ----------------（名言或谚语）reminds us that ----------------(释义). Indeed, we can learn many things form it. First of all,-----------------(理由一). For example, -------------------(举例说明). Secondly,---------------(理由二). Another case is that ---------------(举例说明). Furthermore , ------------------(理 由三)． In my opinion, ----------------(我的观点). In short, whatever you do, please remember the say------A. If you understand it and apply it to your study or work, you”ll necessarily benefit a lot from it. From Joozone.com. 话题作文： 这个模板的中文大意是：在某种场合，发生某种现象，并提供一些相关数据，然后列 出这种现象的三个原因，并将三个原因总结为一个最主要原因，最后提出避免这种现象的 两个办法。总的来说，利用这个模板写英语作文，是相当容易的，您只要将适当的内容， 填写到对应的方括号中，一篇通顺的英语作文即可完成。下面就是这个模板。 Nowadays, there are more and more [某种现象] in [某种场合]. It is estimated that [相关数 据]. Why have there been so many [某种现象]? Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows. The first one is [原因一]. Besides, [原因二]. The third one is [原因三]. To sum up, the main cause of
[某种现象] is due to [最主要原因]. It is high time that something were done upon it. For one thing, [解决办法一]. On the other hand, [解决办法二]. All these measures will certainly reduce the number of [某种现象].
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