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江苏省淮安市新马高级中学2011-2012学年高二英语第一次自主练习试卷


江苏省淮安市新马高级中学 2011-2012 学年高二第一次自主练习英 语试卷
第二部分:语言知识运用(共两节,满分 35 分) 单项填空(共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 21.This job is open to all, previous expensive. A. apart fr

om B. instead of C. regardless of D. as a result of 22.Facing the situation the sales manager looked . A. puzzling, puzzled B. puzzling, puzzling C. puzzled, puzzled D.puzzled, puzzling 23. Struck by the terrible earthquake, Wenchuan, a country in Sichuan province, was _____ from the outside. A. cut up B. cut down C. cut in D. cut off 24. Reasearch indicates that lung cancer smoking. A. contributes to B. resultes from C. results in D. devotes to 25. sales down by 30%, the company has to lay off many clerks. A. For B. As C. Through D. With 26.If something is “dog-eat-dog”, it is a situaiton people have to take care of themselves and look after their won interests. A. on which B. in which C. by which D. for which 27. The sales man scolded the girl . A. caught stealing B. catching stolen C. caught to steal D. to catch stealing 28. The house rent is expensive. I’ve got about half the space I had at home and I’m paying .here. A. three times as much B. as much three times C. much as three times D. as three times much 29. “When he leave the hospital?” I asked the doctor. A. will B. shall C. can D. may 30.Does matter whether he can finish the job on time? A. this B. that C. he D. it 31.The two friends on the Internet for three hours, and they would go on till the next morning. A. had been chatting B. had chatted C. were chatting D. has been chatting 32. is known to us all is that the old writer, for life was hard in the past, still works very hard in his eighties. A. What, whom B. As, whom C. It, whose D.
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What, whose 33.---What’s up? You look down. --- I have piles of papers , but I type so slowly. A. to be typed B. typed C. to type D. being typed 34. After the earthquake, ______ food and tends were sent to Yushu, Qinghai provinc e. A. a large amount of B. a good deal of C. large quantities of D. a large number of 35. — Have you got used to the Chinese food, Robert? — Yes. But I don't like _____ when a Chinese host keeps serving me the food I don't like. A.this B.that C.those D.it 第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,.然后从 36-55 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最 佳选项。 Life is filled with challenges,and as we get older we come to 36 that those challenges are the very things that 37 us and make us who we are. It is 38 the challenges that come with friendship. When we are 39 with a challenge, we usually have two 40 . We can try to resolve it,or we can decide that the thing presenting the challenge isn't 41 the trouble and quit it. 42 there are certainly times when quitting" is the right thing to do , in most 43 all that is needed is commitment and communication. When we are committed to something it means that no matter how painful or how 44 something is, we will always 45 to face it and work it through 46 run away from it. 47 is making a space for discussion and talking about how you feel as opposed to just saying what the other person did wrong, if you can say to a friend,“I got my feelings hurt,”rather than,“You hurt my feelings,” you are going to be able to resolve the problem much 48 . In dealing with the many challenges that friendship will present to you,try to see them for 49__ are small hurdles(跨栏) you need to 50 on your way through life. Nothing is so big that it is impossible to get 51 ,and hurt only 52 to make us stronger. It is all 53 of growing up, it happens to everyone, and some day you will 54 all of this and say, “Hard 55 it was, it made me who I am today. And that is a good thing.” 36. A. realize B. form C. meet D. aware 37. A. trouble B. hurt C. shape D. disappoint 38. A. the same as B. different from C. opposite to D. the same with 39. A. connected B. faced C. full D.
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familiar 40. A. problems B. questions C. cases D. choices 41. A. worthy B. worthwhile C. worth D. valuable 42. A. Although B. Despite C. Because D. However 43. A. areas B. cases C. condition D. position 44. A. comfortable B. convenient C. uncomfortable D. enjoyable 45. A. avoid B. choose C. escape D. fail 46. A. other than B. more than C. or rather D. rather than 47. A. Communication B. Commitment C. Contribution D. Challenge 48. A. slower B. farther C. faster D. more slowly 49. A. which B. that C. it D. what 50. A. jump B. climb C. race D. rush 51. A. away B. over C. out D. off 52. A. seems B. contributes C. serves D. develops 53. A. more B. because C. most D. part 54. A. look forward to B. look back on C. look down on D. look up to 55. A. since B. although C. while D. as 第三部分:阅读理解(共 15 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,然后从各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项。 A There is one thing that everyone wants more than anything else. Some people try to get it by .making money. They think that when they have enough money to buy such things as houses, farms, and cars, they will have the one thing that everyone wants. Other people believe that if they know enough they will find this thing. They study all their lives in search of it. Still others think that if they have power, they will find this thing. They keep telling themselves: when I am a boss,I will no longer have to search for this thing. What is it that everyone wants more than anything else? What is it that all of us keep working and striving for each day? It is happiness.

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56. The main idea of the above article is that A. happiness means the same to everyone B. what happiness is C. money makes one happy,so does helping others D. both A and C 57.The underlined “it” in the first paragraph means . A. happiness B. the preceding (前面的) sentence C. money D. such things as houses,farms and cars 58. What does the underlined sentence mean in the passage? A. Other people think if they know a lot they will be able to get enough money and that will make them happy. B. Other people think it true that enough knowledge will bring them enough money. C. Other people ho1d the opinion that if they become knowledgeable enough they will feel happy. D. Other people hold the opinion that the more they know the happier they will become. B Hello, children and parents. Thank you all for coming to this meeting. I'd like to start by confirming that we will receive some money from the government for our school trip to Indonesia. We will receive approximately $1,300 per child, which will reduce the overall cost to you. Now that we are sure to get the money, it is time to do some serious planning. We are sure that the trip will be very exciting for the children, especially if they have not traveled overseas before. There are many benefits to having some exposure to different places and cultures. Your children will be able to learn a lot about other people and cultures on this trip. Leanne is with us tonight. Leanne, where are you? Put up your hand, Leanne, so that the people can see who you are. Thank you. Leanne went on the trip last year and will be happy to tell you .of her experiences and answer any questions you might have. We will hear from her a bit later in the meeting. We only have five months to organize the trip. From past experience I can tell you that the time will go very quickly! So we need to start organizing the trip. This is the agenda for tonight's meeting:

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59. The key point of this speech is about A. schools in another country B. getting a job in another country C. people studying in another country D. a school trip to another country 60. The speaker will discuss the following except A. transport B. hotels C. spending money D. places to see 61. will help pay for this trip according to the text. A. The students themselves B. The government C. The organizer of the trip D. The students' parents 62. We can learn from the text that A. Leanne knows very well about the coming trip and will go with the group B. the students are able to attend some lessons during their trip C. the students’ going on the trip will cost nothing D. the speaker is likely to come from the government C I am Sergey Brin!I was born in Moscow.On 1979,when I was 5,my family immigrated to the United States.I remember that on my 9th birthday I got my first computer “Commodore 64”. Later I graduated with honors in the University of Maryland in Mathematics and IT.The main field of my science research was the technologies used to collect data from unsystematic sources as well as large quantities of texts and science data.I was the author of dozens of articles in leading American academic magazines. The greatest event in my life happened when in 1998 I was preparing for the defense(论 文答辩)of my Doctor's degree in the Stanford University.There the fate made me meet Larry Page—a young computer genius. Larry belonged to the intellectual( 知识分 子)society.Larry and I quickly became friends when we worked together.

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63.Sergey Brin actually graduated from . A.the University of Maryland B.the University of Moscow C.the University of California D.the Stanford University 64.From the passage we know that Larry Page . A.was Brin's important partner in starting Google B.was born in a rich merchant family C.was once a student in the University of Maryland D.was a professor from the Stanford University 65.Which is the right order of what happened? a.My family moved from Russia to the U.S.A. b.I met Larry Page. c.I was given a computer as a present on my 9th birthday. d.Google was born in an ordinary garage in California. A.c?a?b?d B.c?b?a?d C.a?c?b?d D.a?c?d?b 66.Which of the following would be the best title for this passage? A.The History of Google B.The Importance of Google C.The Great Contribution of Google D.The Birth of Google D People with less education suffer fewer stressful days,according to a report in the current issue of the Journal of Health and Social Behavior. However,the study also found that when less?educated people did suffer stress it was more severe and had a larger impact on their health. From this researchers have concluded that the day?to?day factors that cause stress are not random(随意的).Where you are in society determines the kinds of problems that you have each day,and how well you will deal with them. The research team interviewed a national sample of 1,031 adults daily for eight days about their stress level and health.People without a high school diploma reported stress on 30 percent of the study days,people with a high school degree reported stress 38 percent of the time,and people with college degrees reported stress 44 percent of the time. “Less advantaged people are less healthy on a daily basis and are more likely to
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have downward turns in their health.”lead researcher Dr.Joseph Grzywacz,of Wake Forest University Medical Center, said in a prepared statement.“The downward turns in heBaptistalth were connected with daily stressors(紧张刺激物)and the effect of daily stressors on their health is much more devastating (毁灭性的)for the less advantaged.” Grzywacz suggested follow?up research to determine why less?educated people report fewer days of stress when it is known that their stress is more acute(severe)and chronic (lasting). “If something happens every day,maybe it's not seen as a stressor”Grzywacz says.“Maybe it is just life.” 67.Stress level is closely related to . A.family size B.social status C.body weight D.work experience 68.The 1,301 adults were interviewed . A.on a daily basis for 8 days B.during one of eight days C.all by Grzywacz D.in groups 69.Which group reported the biggest number of stressful days? A.People without any education. B.People without high school degrees. C.People with high school degrees. D.People with college degrees. 70.The less advantaged people are,the greater . A.the impact of stress on their health is B.the effect of education on their health is C.the level of their education is D.the degree of their health concern is 第 II 卷(共 35 分) 第一节 任务型阅读(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入恰当的单词。 注意:每个空格只填一个单词。 How to Make the Most of Your Time Time management is important in our daily life. There never seems to be enough hours in the day to accomplish all you need to do. Here are some tips that might be of some help to you. 1. Set up a plan. Go for a week at a time, and decide the most important ones. Include things you want to accomplish. Focus mostly on the things that are important to you. 2. Control your stress. No matter what kind of pressure mounts on you, try to keep cool. Stressing out can lead to an early breakdown, which is definitely counter-productive when you have a list of things to do. It's easier to take a 10-minute break and cool off than to work all week with stress. 3. Shut your door. When working under a schedule, perform your important tasks with your door shut to get them done. This will ensure a better quality time to get what
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needs to be done. 4. Focus on one thing at a time. Forget trying to multi-task! You will lose concentration, and it will take you longer to accomplish what you set out to do. 5. Just say "no." If you are constantly interrupted, and you really don't have the time to help out, just say "no" in order to avoid being interrupted. 6. Stop wasting time on the phone. While talking on the phone, keep your conversations short, and to the point and you'll waste much less time. 7. Be realistic. You can only do what you can do. Don't set out to accomplish the impossible. Do your best, but keep realistic expectations of yourself. 8. Relax. The most important thing is remember to take time to relax, and regroup. You need a break every now and then to keep working efficiently. Even if it's a 10-minute walk, get away from your list and get refreshed. As families today get busier and busier, it's important to your own mental health to keep things on track. Don't delay; get your life in order now. Theme: How to Make the Most of Your Time First of all, make a __72__ for the things you are supposed to do. However much pressure you bear, you should try to keep cool; otherwise you will __73__ down sooner or later. You’d better be __74__ to your tasks with your door closed in order that you can get them done ___75___. There are some __71___ on how to make full use of time Try one thing at a time so that you can __76___ on it. You can refuse to help others without enough time in order that you can ___77___being interrupted Make a brief talk on the phone so as not to ___78__valuable time. You should not _79___ too much of yourself; it’s better to do what you can do . It’s important for you to make yourself ___80___ in daily life. 第二节 基础知识填空:(每空 0.5 分,满分 10 分) 1.与??步调一致 2.自由发言 3.最后成为,最终处于 4.削减、缩减 5.锻炼 6.调查 7.以防万一 8.熄灭 9.纪念 10.传达,使??被理解 1. 11 12 choices you have, 13 14 your decisions will be.(越多越 好) 2. Eric runs in after it, 15 (跟着)by a big dog, walking very slowly. 3.There was no one 16 17 .(在视线内) 4. The world’s population has grown by six times 18 19 20 in 1800. 世界人口是 1800 年的 6 倍。 第三节:句子翻译(每句 3 分,满分 15 分)
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1.尽管他是个小孩,他会说四门外语。 2.他觉得应邀到这儿演讲是他的荣幸。 3.他们一得到消息就通知了我们。 4.直到河里所有的鱼都死了,村民们才意识到污染是多么的严重。 5.这是我第一次来这儿。

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