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任务型写作 建议或措施


?建议或措施类
这类要点中通常含有以下字眼:

“怎么办”,
“如何应对/处理/解决”, “采取什么措施”, “对解决……你有什么看法?”。

针对解决某一个问题所提的建议或措施要切实可行, 不能泛泛而谈。要从多方面入手,特别是社会问题,要 从政府、家庭、企业、个人等方面要采取相应的措施。

常用的句型有: ⑴ I suggest some possible solutions to ...For one thing,... For another ...
对……我提出以下可能的解决办法。一方面,……;另 一方面…… (2)Here are some suggestions on how to deal

with ...To begin with...,Moreover...,Finally...
下面是对于如何处理……的方法。第一,……;此 外……,最后……

⑶ Some workable advice may be taken to ...First of all,... In addition, another way contributing to success of solving the problem is ...
对……可采取一些切实可行的措施。首先,……;另 外,……;能成功解决这个问题的方法还有……

⑷ We should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. Firstly,...Secondly,...Finally,...
我们应当采取一系列有效措施来处理这种情况。第 一……;第二……;最后……

你认为怎样才能更好地保护野生动物以免 灭绝?
写作指导:
首先,写出主题句。

人们保护野生动物很重要,可行的办法如下。
然后,拓展主题句(即列举建议或措施)。

Stop hunting animals/ pass laws /punish those who harm animals/ set up special preserve
结束句

参考范文
The possible ways to protect wildlife from disappearing can be suggested as follows. To begin with, people must stop hunting animals for their fur of skin. Besides, the government should pass laws to punish those who harm animals or trade animal fur of skin. Finally, the government should set up special preserve for animals to live safely in order to protect them from dying out. Only by making joint efforts can we protect animals.

写作演练

读写任务阅读下面短文, 然后按照要求写一 篇150词左右的英语短文。

As we all know, a better result of study can be brought by a better study environment. As a result, it is necessary for us to build the green campus. The green campus can not only provide a good environment for our study, but also be a part in building harmonious society.

The green campus is not only environmental green, but also spiritual

green, which means we should help each
other or care for each other. Therefore,

we should beautify the campus.
As students, we enjoy the campus

time while we have responsibility to
build our green campus.

In spiritual term, we should respect teachers, classmates and other people who work for the school. In environmental term, we should have good habits to keep campus in a clean surrounding.

[写作要求] 1. 在作文中可使用自己的亲身经历或虚 构的故事, 也可以参照阅读材料的内容, 但不得直接引用原文中的句子; 2. 标题自定。 [评分标准] 概括准确, 语言规范, 内容合适, 篇章连贯。

[写作内容] 1.以约30个词概括上文中的主要内容; 2.然后以约120个词就学生会举办“建设绿色校园 征文活动”的主题谈谈你的理解, 要点包括: (1)建设绿色校园的重要性; (2)你认为建设绿色校园应该采取哪些措施? Title: On building/Creating a Green Campus

Para1:

summary

Para2: 建设绿色校园的重要性; Para3: 你认为建设绿色校园应该采取哪些措施?

summary

原材料包含内容?中心句?

a better result of study ….a better study environment… green campus … not only provide… but also … 说明重要性,意义或 好处 importance…significance…benefit environmental green, but also spiritual green, which means… means…meaning 涵义/包含内容 we have responsibility to build our green

campus. ..

责任

responsibility

summary
The passage tells us the importance and significance of creating a green campus. Since “green” means something not only environmental, but also spiritual, we make every effort to take the responsibility.

你认为建设绿色校园应该采取哪些措施? 主题句+拓展句+结束句 In order to…, effective measures should be taken… school should: spiritual term make rules… punish

raise their awareness
respect …help..care for protect …environment keep…clean not throw rubbish

students should:

environmental term 结束句

In order to build a green campus, we should take the following steps. On the one hand, the school should make rules and regulations to prevent students doing something harm to our campus. On the other hand, students should take some classes to raise their awareness. I have no doubt that our campus will be more beautiful if we work together.

On Creating a Green Campus The passage tells us the importance and significance of creating a green campus. Since “green” means something not only environmental, but also spiritual, we make every effort to take the responsibility. [提出观点] It is of great importance to build a green campus.

[论证] Obviously, a growing number of people are beginning to realize that it is our duty to do the job, since the concept of building a green world has become the focus of society. Not only is green campus environmentally-friendly, but also it has a great influence on students’ health. [总结]Therefore, creating a green campus is of great benefit to us.

In order to build a green campus, we should take the following steps. On the one hand, the school should make rules and regulations to prevent students doing something harm to our campus. On the other hand, students should take some classes to raise their awareness. I have no doubt that our campus will be more beautiful if we work together.

summary
(1) I suggest some possible solutions to ...For one thing,... For another (2) Here are some suggestions on how to deal with ...To begin with...,Moreover...,Finally... (3) Some workable advice may be taken to ...First of all,...In addition,another way contributing to success of solving the problem is ...

提出建议

(4) We should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. Firstly,...Secondly,...Finally


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