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Fact Sheet 6


Fact Sheet 6
Positive Behavior Support (PBS)
Positive Behavior Support (PBS) is a broad approach for resolving problem behaviors that are displayed by people with disabilities. Problem behaviors may include: (1) self-injury, aggression, and other destructive acts, (2) tantrums and other disruptive responses, and (3) excessively repetitive or irritating behaviors including actions that interfere with a person’s learning or social interactions.

Some important features of PBS include:


PBS is based on person-centered values. A PBS plan requires that procedures be positive and respect the dignity of the person; PBS interventions are individualized and based on an understanding of the person and their environment; PBS interventions usually consist of more than one strategy. They involve collaboration among more than one care giver and support provider; PBS goals should include improvements in social relationships and other “lifestyle” enhancements, as well as reductions in problem behavior.







Support Team
The process of PBS begins with the identification of a support team, which consists of the most relevant individuals in the person’s life. The team may include family members, teachers, friends, and/or others who are involved and concerned with the person and the problem behavior. The team members are usually responsible for implementing the positive behavior support plan.

Vision
The next step is to establish a vision, an agreement on the broad goals that a support plan should seek to achieve. The vision is developed through a process known as “person centered planning.” Once the support team de?nes their common vision, then a “functional behavior assessment” is conducted. A functional behavior assessment is a means to gather information about the problem behavior. Based on the person centered plan and the functional behavior assessment the team writes a positive behavior support plan.

Positive Behavior Support Plan
The behavior support plan should include a number of components: (1) strategies for teaching and increasing skills that are intended to replace the problem behaviors, (2) strategies for preventing the problems before they occur, (3) strategies for dealing with the problems if or when they do occur, and (4) strategies for monitoring progress. As time goes on, the support team often meets to evaluate progress and make adjustments to the plan, as necessary.

RELATED DISABILITIES
CENTER FOR AUTISM &

Background
PBS grew out of applied behavior analysis, and many of the intervention procedures are derived from this discipline. PBS is a rapidly-growing approach that is based on extensive research. There are many new efforts in Florida and other states to provide training and information about PBS.

Suggested Readings
Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions. A quarterly journal available from PRO-ED, Inc., Austin, TX. Positive Behavior Support Project (1999). Facilitators’ Guide: Positive Behavior Support. Tallahassee, FL: State of Florida Department of Education. Bambara, L. M., & Knoster, T. (1998). Designing positive behavior support plans. Washington, DC: American Association on Mental Retardation. Carr, E. G., Levin, L., McConnachie, G., Carlson, J. I., Kemp, D. C., Smith, C. E. (1994). Communication-based intervention for problem behavior: A user’s guide for producing positive change. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes. Koegel, L. K., Koegel, R. L., & Dunlap, G. (Eds.), (1996). Positive behavioral support: Including people with dif?cult behavior in the community. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes.

For More Information Contact:
Center for Autism and Related Disabilities Sites: Florida State University 625-B North Adams St. Tallahassee, FL 32301 (800) 769-7926 or (850) 644-4367 Fax: (850644)3644 http://autism.fsu.edu University of South Florida CARD-USF MHC2113A 13301 Bruce B. Downs Blvd. Tampa, FL 33612-3899 (800) 333-4530 or (813) 974-2532 Fax: (813) 974-6115 http://card-usf.fmhi.usf.edu University of Florida at Gainesville P. O. Box 100234 Gainesville, FL 32610-0234 (800) 754-5891 or (352) 846-2761 Fax: (352) 846-0941 http://www.card.u?.edu University of Florida at Jacksonville 6026 San Jose Blvd. Jacksonville, FL 32217 Phone: (904) 737-5239 Fax: (904) 396-4718 http://centerforautism.org University of Central Florida 12001 Science Drive, Suite 145 Orlando, FL 32826 (888) 558-1908 or (407) 737-2566 Fax (407) 737-2571 http://www.ucf-card.org University of Miami Dept. of Psychology 5665 Ponce de Leon Boulevard PO Box 248768 Coral Gables, FL 33124-0725 800/9-AUTISM or 305/284-6563 Fax 305/284-6555 http://www.umcard.org Florida Atlantic University Dept. of ESE 777 Glades Road Boca Raton, FL 33431 (888) 632-6395 or (561) 297-2023 Fax (561) 297-2063 http://www.coe.fau.edu/card/

Web Sites:
http://www.rrtcpbs.org - This is the website of the Research and Training Center on Positive Behavior Support, funded by NIDRR of the US Department of Education. http://www.pbis.org - This is the website of the National Technical Assistance Center on Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports, funded by OSEP of the US Department of Education. http://?pbs.fmhi.usf.edu - This is the website of the PBS project supported by the Florida Department of Education.

Glossary of Terms:
ABA - Applied Behavior Analysis Refers to the direct application of the principles of behavior modification in natural environments such as home, school, and community. ABA uses behavioral principles to improve the individual’s ability to participate effectively in various situations. FBA- Functional Behavior Assessment Refers to a process for identifying the relationship between the behavior and the events that occur before, during and after a behavior. Behaviors are examined in terms of the purposes and functions that the behavior serves for the individual. PCP- Person Centered Planning Refers to a process that identi?es the goals, values and resources necessary to enhance the individuals’ quality of life.

The Center for Autism and Related Disabilities
The Center for Autism and Related Disabilities (CARD) seeks to provide support and assistance with the goal of optimizing the potential of people with autism, dual sensory impairments, and related disabilities. Located at six university sites throughout Florida, CARD develops programs offering support and training for individuals, families, professionals, and peers throughout Florida. This fact sheet is made possible through the cooperative efforts of Florida’s CARD Centers.

Factsheet ◆ Center for Autism & Related Disabilities

Rev. 01/2005


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