一、在复合句中用作同位语的从句叫同位语从句。它一般跟在某些名词后面，用以说明该名词表 示的具体内容。如： 1. 我听到了我们队获胜的消息。 I heard the news _________ our team had won． 2. 我不知道你在这里。 I had no idea ___________ you were here． 二、 可以跟同位语从句
的名词通常有 news， idea， fact， promise， question， doubt， thought， hope， message，suggestion，words（消息），possibility 等。如： 我从王先生那里来，他让我告诉你他今天下午不能来看你了。 3. I’ve come from Mr Wang with a message ____________ he won’t be able to see you this afternoon． 三、英语中引导同位语从句的词通有连词 that, whether，连接副词 how, when, where 等。（注： if, which 不能引导同位语从句。）如： 4. 我不知道他什么时候回来。 I have no idea __________ he will be back． 5. 他必须回答他是否同意这样一个问题。 He must answer the question ___________ he agrees to it or not. 四、有时同位语从句可以不紧跟在说明的名词后面，而被别的词隔开。 如： 6. 几年以后，有消息传来说拿破仑要亲自视 察他们。 Several years later，word came __________ Napoleon himself was coming to inspect them． 7. 他突然想起可能敌人已经逃出城了。 The thought came to him __________ maybe the enemy had fled the city． 五、同位语从句与定语从句的区别。 1、同位语从句与前面的名词是同位关系，即说明它前面名词的内容；而定语从句与前面的名词是 修饰与被修饰关系，即限定它前面的名词范围，或补充一些情况。如： The news that I have passed the exam is true．我通过了考试这一消息是真的。 （同位语从句，即从句所表达的意思就是前面名词的内容。） The news that he told me just now is true．他刚才告诉我的消息是真的。 （定语从句，从句对前面名词起修饰限制作用，即“他告诉我的”那个消息，而不是别的消息。） 2、引导同位语从句的 that 是连词，在从句中不充当任何成份，而引导定语从句的 that 是关系代 词，除起连接作用外，还在从句中充当主语、宾语或表语等。如： The idea that computers can recognize human voices surprises many people. 计算机能够识别人的声音的想法使许多人感到惊奇。（that 在从句中不充当任何成份。） The idea that he gave surprises many people．他提出的观点令许多人感到吃惊。 （that 在从句中作 gave 的宾语。）
I. 填空题。（使用正确的引导词填写下面的空格） 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. The news ___________ they had won the game soon spread over the whole school. The general gave the order __________ the soldiers should cross the river at once. We'll discuss the problem ___________ the sports meeting will be held on time. I have no impression __________ he went home, perhaps by bike. The report __________ he was going to resign was false. Information has been put forward __________ more middle school graduates will be admitted into universities. She heard a terrible noise, _____________ brought her heart into her mouth. I can't stand the terrible noise _____________ she is crying loudly. He often asked me the question ____________ the work was worth doing.
10. The nurses are trying their best to reduce the patient's fear ___________ he would die of the disease. 11. The order ____________ the prisoner be set free arrived too late. 12. His suggestion _____________ the meeting be delayed was turned down. II. 改错题。(每句都有一个错误) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. The fact why she works hard is well known to us all. ________________ His suggestion which the meeting be delayed was turned down. ___________________ He must answer the question if he agrees to it or not. _________________ A warm thought suddenly came to me which I might use the pocket money to buy some flowers for my mother's birthday. ________________ ________________ ________________ I have no idea that size shoes she wears.
The question that will take his place is still not clear.
III. 翻译题。(中英互译) 1. The general gave the order that the soldiers should cross the river at once. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 2. I made a promise that if anyone set me free I would make him very rich. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 3. How did the cheats explain the fact that the Emperor didn't feel the new clothes in him? _____________________________________________________________________________________ 4. 我们是否请专家由家庭医生来定。 _____________________________________________________________________________________ 5. 我从王先生那边得知一个消息，他说他今天下午不能来看你了。 _____________________________________________________________________________________ 6. 我不知道他们什么时候来。 ____________________________________________________________________________________
语法讲解例题答案：1. that 2. that 3. that 4. when 5. whether 6. that 7. that 练习题： 填空题 1.that 10.that 改错题 翻译题： 1. 将军下达了战士们立即过河的命令。 2. 我许诺如果谁让我自由,我就让他非常富有。 3. 皇帝觉得身上并没有穿上新衣，对这个问题骗子是怎样解释的? 4. The question whether we should call in a specialist was answered by the family doctor. 5. I’ve come from Mr Wang with a message that he won’t be able to see you this afternoon. 6. I have no idea when they will come . 11.that 2.that 3.whether 4.how 5.that 6.that 7.which 8.that 9.whether 12. that 2.which→that 3. if→whether 4.which→that 5. that→what
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