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人教版英语必修3课文紧跟翻译


必修 3

unit1
Festivals and celebrations ●Festivals and celebrations of all kinds have been held everywhere since ancient times. 自古以来,世界各地就有各种各样的节目和庆典。 ●Most ancient festivals wo

uld celebrate the end of cold weather, planting in spring and harvest in autumn. 大多数古老的节日总是庆祝严寒的结束,春季的种植和秋天的收割。 ●Sometimes celebrations would be held after hunters had caught animals. 有时,在猎人捕获猎物后,也举行庆祝活动。 ●At that time people would starve if food was difficult to find, especially during the cold winter months. 在那个时代,如果食物难以找到,特别是在寒冷的冬月,人们就会挨饿, ●Today's festivals have many origins, some religious, some seasonal, and some for special people or events. 现在的节日有很多由来, 一些是宗教上的, 一些是季节性的, 一些是纪念特殊的人和事件的。 Festivals of the Dead 亡灵节 ● Some festivals are held to honour the dead or to satisfy the ancestors, 有些节目是为了纪念死者,或使祖先得到满足, ● who might return either to help or to do harm. 因为祖先们有可能回到世上(给人们)提供帮助,也有可能带来危害。 ●For the Japanese festival Obon, 在日本盂兰盆节, ● people should go to clean graves and light incense in memory of their ancestors. 人们要扫墓、烧香,以缅怀祖先。 ●They also light lamps and play music 人们还点起灯笼,奏响乐曲, ● because they think that this will lead the ancestors back to earth. 因为他们一位这样做可以把祖先引到世上。 ● In Mexico, people celebrate the Day of the Dead in early November. 在墨西哥,亡灵节是在月初。 ●On this important feast day, people eat food in the shape of skulls and cakes with "bones" on them. 这个重要的节日里,人们会吃制成颅骨形状的食物,和装点有“骨头”的蛋糕。 ●They offer food, flowers and gifts to the dead. 他们向亡者祭献食物、鲜花和礼品。 ●The Western holiday Halloween also had its origin in old beliefs about the return of the spirits of dead people. 西方的万圣节也源自人们古老的信念,以为亡者的灵魂会返回人间。 ●It is now a children's festival, when they can dress up and go to their neighbours' homes to ask for sweets. 万圣节如今成了孩子们的节目,这天他们可以乔装打扮上邻居家要糖吃。 ●If the neighbours do not give any sweets, the children might play a trick on them. 如果邻居什么糖也不给,那么孩子们就可以捉弄他们了。

Festivals to Honour People 纪念名人的节目 ● Festivals can also be held to honour famous people. 也有纪念名人的节目。 ●The Dragon Boat Festival in China honours the famous ancient poet, Qu Yuan.I 中国的端午节(龙舟节),是纪念古代著名诗人屈原的 ●In the USA, Columbus Day is in memory of the arrival of Christopher Columbus in the New World. 美国的哥伦布日是纪念克里托斯.哥伦布发现“新大陆”的日子。 ●India has a national festival on October 2 to honour Mohandas Gandhi, 印度在 10 月 2 日有个全国性的节目,纪念莫汉达斯. ●the leader who helped gain India's independence from Britain. 甘地,他是帮助印度脱离英国而独立的领袖。 Harvest Festivals 庆丰收的节日 ● Harvest and Thanksgiving festivals can be very happy events. 收获与感恩节是非常喜庆的节目。 ●People are grateful because their food is gathered for the winter and the agricultural work is over. 越冬的粮食收集起来了,农活结束了,人们都心怀感激。 ●In European ountries, people will usually decorate churches and town halls with flowers and fruit, and will get together to have meals. 在欧洲国家,人们通常用花果来装饰教堂和市政厅,在一起聚餐。 ●Some people might win awards for their farm produce, 有些人还可能因为他们的农产品(参加各种评选)而获奖, ●like the biggest watermelon or the most handsome rooster.比如最大的西瓜或最帅的公 鸡。 ●China and Japan have mid-autumn festivals, 中国和日本都有中秋节 ●when people admire the moon and in China, enjoy mooncakes. 这时,人们会赏月。在中国,人们还品尝月饼。 Spring Festivals 春天的节日 ● The most energetic and important festivals are the ones that look forward to the end of winter and to the coming of spring. 最富生气的而又最重要的节日,就是告别冬天,迎来春天的日子 ●At the Spring Festival in China, people eat dumplings, fish and meat and may give children lucky money in red paper. 中国人过春节要吃饺子、鱼和肉,还要给孩子们送红纸包着的压岁钱。 ●There are dragon dances and carnivals, and families celebrate the Lunar New Year together (他们)舞龙灯、狂欢,全家人聚在一起欢庆阴历年。 ●Some Western countries have very exciting carnivals, which take place forty days before Easter, usually in February. 在一些西方国家有激动人心的狂欢节,通常在二月,复活节前的四十天。

. ●These carnivals might include parades, dancing in the streets day and night, loud music and colourful clothing of all kinds. 狂欢节期间,人们身着各种艳丽的节日盛装,伴随着鼓噪的音乐,在街头游行,昼夜跳舞。 ●Easter is an important religious and social festival for Christians around the world 复活节是全世界基督教徒的一个重要的宗教和公众节日。 ●It celebrates the return of Jesus from the dead and the coming of spring and new life. 它庆祝耶稣复活,也庆祝春天和新生命的到来。 ●Japan's Cherry Blossom Festival happens a little later.再晚些时日本就迎来了樱花节, ●The country, covered with cherry tree flowers, looks as though it is covered with pink snow. (节日里)整个国度到处是盛开的樱花,看上去就像是覆盖了一层粉红色的雪。 ● People love to get together to eat, drink and have fun with each other. 人们喜欢聚在一起吃、喝、玩耍。节日让我们享受生活, Festivals let us enjoy life, be proud of our customs and forget our work for a little while. 让我们为自己的习俗而自豪,还可以暂时忘掉工作中的烦恼。


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