英 语 试 题
本试卷分选择题和非选择题两部分。共 120 分。考试用时 120 分钟。 注意事项：
第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 20 分）
第一节 （共 5 小题；
每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在 试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读 一遍。 1. Why does the man look worried ? A. He has to attend an important meeting. B. He will have an interview. C. He has lost his job. 2. What did the woman do yesterday evening ? A. She visited her cousin. B. She rang the man up. C. She had classes. 3. What will the boy do next ? A. Do his homework. A. An article. B. Turn on the TV. C. Go to bed. 4. What are the speakers talking about ? B. A country. C. A rainforest. 5. What does the woman mean ? A. She doesn’t like Mexican food. B. The man should taste Mexican food. C. Mexican food may make the man sick. 第二节 （共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在 试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒 钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 8 题。 6. What will the man do first after school ? A. Prepare for a test. A. At a bookstore. A. At 4:15. B. See a film. C. Buy a book. C. At a cinema. 7. Where will the man meet his friends ? B. At an ice-cream shop. B. At 4:30. 8. When will the man meet his friends ? C. At 4: 45. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 9 至 11 题。 9. Why does the man call the woman ? A. To invite her to a football game. B. To get a ticket to the football game. C. To ask the way to the football playground. 10. What should the man do when he arrives at the restaurant ? A. Go south. B. Turn right. C. Turn left.
11. What does the woman advise the man to do ? A. Leave home early. B. Buy his ticket early. C. Listen to the radio. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 12 至 14 题。 12. What does the man think of the play ? A. Enjoyable. A. He has little children. B. He is busy with his work. C. He lives far away from the town. 14. What relation is Lily to the man ? A. His sister. B. His daughter. C. His wife. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 15 至 17 题。 15. Why don’t the man go to France by ship ? A. It’s slow. 16. How will the man pay ? A. Bu credit card. A. The 9:00 one. B. In cash. B. The 9:30 one.
13. Why does the man have little chance to go out ?
B. It’s too expensive.
C. It will make him uncomfortable. C. By cheque. C. The 11:30 one.
17. Which train does the man choose ? 听第 10 段材料，回答第 18 至 20 题。 A. From the magazine. A. Her university degree. B. Her related work experience. C. Her comunication and computer skills. 20. What will make people remember you according to the woman ? A. Having a good sense of fashion B. Showing yourse lf bravely. C. Working hard.
18. How did the woman know about her first job? B. From the TV. C. From the Internet. 19. What gave the woman an advantage in applying for the job ?
第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分）
第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 21. _____ slowing of economic growth over the past two years seems to have worsened _______ situation for migrant workers and increased employee-employer conflicts over payment of salaries. A. The; the B. 不填；不填 C. The; 不填 D. 不填；the 22. At least 36 people died in a fatal stampede during New Year celebrations late Wednesday in Shanghai. Typically, problems arise _______caution is absent. A. where A. on behalf of B. in which B. in terms of C. that C. in honour of D. what D. in defence of 23. Life is not easy nowadays, when young people have tremendous pressure _______ schooling and employment. 24. —When shall we set out to handle the problem we came across last week? —Not until _______ a chance to discuss it thoroughly. A. we have had B. will we have had C. have we had D. we will have had 25. Another Malaysia Airlines plane went down in July in rebellion-torn eastern Ukraine, ______ all 298 aboard. It
was believed __________ by a surface-to-air missile. A. killing; to have been hit C. killed; to be hit 26. In our society, cars receive while driving.
B. killed; to have been hit D. killing; to have hit attention and study —whether the subject is buying and selling them,
the traffic congestion they cause or the dangerous things we do in them, like texting and talking cellphones
D. considerable tobacco killed more
27. The single most shattering statistic about life in America in the late 1990s was drugs and fire. A. what B. when C. that D. where
people than the combined total of those who died from AIDS, car accidents, alcohol, murder, suicide, illegal
28. By no means will we ______the unjust decision. Instead, we should try to defend against the actions that harm the interests of the migrant workers. A. submit to B. correspond to
C. cater to
D. contribute to
29. —Do you have any idea if Alice is willing to go hiking with us ? —_______, does it ? A. It counts for nothing C. You have me there A. pretty every field. A. since when B. when C. during which D. since then 32. Being a teacher is not always easy, and being the teacher of a physically challenged student often carries with ______extra stress. A. him A. pull out B. them C. one D. it C. put out D. cope with 33. President Putin of Russia is trying to __________the serious problmes arising from the Ukraine crisis. B. go about 34. — When did Angela find her iPhone 6 Plus missing? — It was not until she arrived at the shopping mall ________ she got ready to buy her father a gift. A. before same mistakes again. A. will B. may C. might D. can 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 As many people hit middle age, they often start to notice that their memory and mental clarity are not what they used to be. We 36 can’t remember where we put the keys just a moment ago, or an old 37 name, or the name of an old band we used to love. As the brain 38 ,we refer to these occurrences as “senior moments.” While seemingly 39 , this loss of mental focus can potentially have a(n) 40 impact on our professional, social ,and personal health . Neuroscientists, experts who study the nervous system, are increasingly showing t hat there’s actually a lot that can be done. It 41 out that the brain needs exercise in much the same way our muscles do, and the right mental 42 can significantly improve our basic cognitive（认知的） 43 .Thinking is essentially a 44 of making connections B. that C. where D. what 35. Our English teacher always reminds us to go over the marked test papers, where we ______otherwise make the B. fairly B. It doesn’t hurt to ask D. Take it seriosly C. rather D. quite
30. Mini Cooper is a nice car, but ________too small for a family of five like mine. 31. The reform and opening-up started in 1978, _______the whole of China has witnessed great changes in almost
in the brain. To a certain extent, our ability to feature in making the connections that drive intelligence is inherited. 45 , because these connections are made 46 effort and practice, scientists believe that intelligence can 47 and change according to mental effort. Now, a new Web-based company has taken it a step 48 and developed the first "brain training Program" 49 to actually help people improve and regain their mental 50. The Web-based program allows you to 51 improve your memory and attention skills. The program keeps 52 of your progress and provides detailed feedback for your performance and 53. Most importantly, it 54 modifies and enhances(升级) the games you play to build on the strengths you are developing —much like a(n) 55 exercise routine requires you to increase resistance and vary your muscle use. 36. A. suddenly 37. A. accountant’s 38. A. improves 39. A. consistent 40. A. damaging 41. A. figures 42. A. responses 43. A. gravity 44. A. channel 45. A. However 46. A. in 47. A. expand 48. A. further 49. A. committed 50. A.conscience 51. A. temporarily 52. A. record 53. A. compromise 54. A. constantly 55. A. effecient B. deliberately B. acquaintance’s B. fades B. innocent B. limited B. finds B. sufferings B. criterion B. dilemma B. Moreover B. through B. extend B. away B. designed B. stability B. originally B. track B. commitment B.consitently B. familiar C. merely C. ancestor ’s C. recovers C. subjective C. beneficial C. points C. workouts C. fraternity C. process C. Otherwise C. beyond C.deposit C. apart C. added C. flexibility C. systmatically C. order C. improvement C. irregularly C. abnormal D. desperately D. consultant’s D. collapses D.explicit D. positive D. turns D. breakthroughs D. functions D. condition D. Therefore D. without D. squeeze D. aside D. scheduled D. sharpness D. occasionally D. pace D. inspiration D. initially D. effective
第三部分 阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分）
请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。
The decision of the American Medical Association (AMA) to classify obesity as a disease is great news for the pharmaceutical industry, as it is likely to increae pressure on the Food and Drug Administratio(FDA) to approve more weigh-loss drugs and increase the odds that insurance companies will reimburse their cost. But it is deeply misleading. Treating obesity as a disease implies that moving into the categroy of obesity, which for adults means moving from a body-mass index(BMI) of 29 to BMI of 30, is equivalent to contracting a disease. But that is simply not the case. Yes, there are certain health risks associated with having an elevated BMI,such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease. More broadly, a higher BMI is aassoicated with a geater risk of cardiometabolic abnormalities. Nonetheless, almost one quarter of “normal weight” people also have metabolic abnormalities, and more than half of “overweight” and almost one third of “obese” people have normal profiles, according to a 2008 study. That’s 16 million normal-weight Americans who have metabolic abnormalities and 20 million obese( or 56 million
overweight and obese) Americans who have no such abnormalities. One explanation for this discrepancy is that physical fitness and /or nutrition — rather than weight per se — may be what really matters. Several stuides have shown that physically fit “obese” individuals have lower incidence of heart dieseae and mortality from all causes than do sedentary(久坐的) people of “normal” weight. A recent clinical trial published in the New England Journal of Medicine showed that adopting a Mediterranean diet reduced cardiovascular risk independent of weight loss. Some assume that the problem lies with BMI as a measure, which does not distinguish between fat, muscle and bone. While BMI is indeed a flawed(有瑕疵的) measure, it is not clear that there are better o nes. A 2009 study also found no systematic differences BMI and other variables. In other words, it is not just that BMI is a poor measure of obesity but that obesity is a poor predictor of health. Some hope that designating obesity as a disease will remove the shame assoicated with it, and obese people will no longer be blamed for their condition. Yet already it is being called the “fork to mouth” disease, and the disease categorization may reinforce blame by rasing th e stakes. If obesity is a disease, parents of fat children may not merely be silently judged as bad parents but also accused of neglect and child endangerment. If the AMA’s goal is to address the serious disease of type 2 diabetes and heart disease, it would be more productive and accurate for the association to urge doctors to focus on cardiometabolic risk, recognizing that there are both metabolically healthy and metabolically unhealthy individu als in all categories of weight. Rather than promote weight loss per se, doctors should instead encourage their patients of all size to incorporate physical activity and a balanced diet into their lives. 56. According this passage, who are most likely to suffer from heart disease ? A. Obese people who have no metabolic problem . B. Obese people who are physically active and healthy. C. Normal people who have a sedentary lifestyle D. Normal people who have a Mediterranean diet 57. From the passage , what can we learn about BMI ? A.The BMI calculation doesn’t take age into account . B. There will be better tools to measure one’s health than BMI. C. It can identify the exact amount of fat, muscle and bone in one’s body respectively. D. It cannot be regarded as a reliable indicator of one’s health. 58. What is the author ’s attitude towards AMA’s decision to recognize obesity as a disease ? A. Critical. B. Suspicious. C. Pessimistic B Women have been a growing factor in the success of the US economy since the 1970s. Indeed, the additional productive power of women entering the workforce from 1970 until today accounts for about a quarter of current GDP. Still, the full potential of women in the workforce has yet to be tapped. As the US struggles to sustain historic GDP growth rates, it is critically important to bring more women into the workforce and fully deploy(有效利用) high-skill women to drive productivity improvement. McKinsey & Company undertook this research over the past three months to understand how women contribute to the US economy; how their work benefits individual corporations; what prevents women from making greater contributions to their companies; and what approaches can help companies unlock the full potential of women. Creating the conditions to unlock the full potential of women and achieve our economic goals is a complex and difficult challenge. At a macro level, there is significant potential to raise the labor participation rates of women D. Optimistic
across the country. At a corporate level, where many high-skill women are employed, the opportunity is to continue to advance women into leadership positions where they can make the greatest contributions. Despite the sincere efforts of major corporations, the proportion of women falls quickly as you look higher in the corporate hierarchy. Overall, this picture has not improved for years. We believe, however, that there is an opportunity to make substantial （实质上的）progress in developing and advancing women on the path to leadership. Companies have become very good at recruiting(招募) women—many major corporations recruit their “fair share” or more of women. Moreover, many companies have introduced mechanisms such as parental leaves, part-time policies, and travel-reducing technologies to help women stay the course. While the many barriers that remain are substantial, interventions at critical career points can have outsized impact. For example, with a focus on middle management to increase the number of women who advance to the vice-presidential level, corporations could substantially improve the odds of achieving real gender diversity in top management. We found that more women in middle management roles are focused on leading than their colleagues at the entry level. And they have already demonstrated enough to advance and acquire managerial skills. Moreover, many are younger women with relatively light work/family concerns. If companies can win their loyalty at this stage of their careers, they will be more likely to stay the course. These women are ours to lose. 59. According to Paragraph 1, women in the workforce _________. A. are the major factor of the US economy’s success B. contribute the most part of America’s curent GDP C. still have much potential in stimulating(刺激) economy D. are still struggling to sustain their job opportunities 60. Which of the following is an aim of Mckinsey & Company’s reserach ? A. To solve economy’s influcence on women’s work condition. B. To teach individual corpoartions how to deal with women . C. To help women to get more benefits from their companies D. To find out the factors that affect women’s work potential. 61. According to the passage , a company with many high-skill women workers ________. A. should supply them with more high positions B. has to reduce and simplify its economic goals C. has to recruit more women across the country D. should cut down women’s labour participation rates 62. The phrases “stay the course” in Para. 4 probably means “_______________”. A. accept benefits reducing C. avoid part-time jobs B. keep on working D. keep the travel rights
63. The author holds that women in middle management roles ________. A. have the most family concerns to deal with B. have the least loyalty to their companies C. show great desire of managerial skills D. are less hopeful to be promoted than others C The rise of the Internet has been one of the most transformative developments in human history, comparable in impact to the invention of the printing press and the telegraph. Over two billion people worldwide now have access to vastly more information than ever before, and can communicate with each other instantly, often using Web-connected mobile devices they carry everywhere. But the Internet’s tremendous impact has only just begun. “Mass adoption of the Internet is driving one of the most exciting social, cultural, and political transformations
in history, and unlike earlier periods of change, this time the effects are fully global,” Schmidt and Cohen write in their new book The New Digital Age. Perhaps the most profound changes will come when the five billion people worldwide who currently lack Internet access get online. The authors do an excellent job of examining the implications of the Internet revolution for individuals, governments, and institutions like the news media. But if the book has one major shortcoming, it’s that authors don’t spend enough time applying a critical eye to the role of Internet businesses in these sweeping changes. In their book, the authors provide the most authoritative volume to date that describes — and more importantly predicts — how the Internet will shape our lives in the coming decades. They paint a picture of a world in which individuals, companies, institutions, and governments must deal with two realities, one physical, and one virtual. At the core of the book is the idea that “technology is neutral, but people aren’t.” By using this concept as a starting point, the authors aim to move beyo nd the now familiar optimist vs. pessimist dichotomy(对立观点)that has characterized many recent debates about whether the rise of the Internet will ultimately be good or bad for society. In an interview with TIME earlier this week, Cohen said although he and his co-author are optimistic about many aspects of the Internet, they’re also realistic about the risks and dangers that lie ahead when the next five billion people come online, particularly with respect to personal privacy and state surveillance(监视). 64. In what way is the rise of the Internet similar to the invention of the printing press and the telegraph? A.It transforms human history. C.It is adopted by all human beings. B.It makes daily communication eas y. D. It revolutionizes people's thinking.
65. In what respect is the book The New Digital Age considered inadequate? A.It fails to recognize the impact of the Internet technology. B.It fails to look into the social implications of the Internet. C.It lacks an objective evaluation of the role of Internet businesses. D.It does not address the technical aspects of Internet communication. 66. What will the future be like when everybody gets online? A.People will be living in two different realities. B.People will have equal access to information. C.People don’t have to travel to see the world. D.People don’t have to communicate face to face. 67. What does the passage say about the authors of The New Digital Age? A.They leave many questions unanswered concerning the Internet. B.They are optimistic about the future of the Internet revolution. C.They have explored the unknown territories of the virtual world. D.They don’t take sides in analyzing the effects of the Internet. D In 1950, a young man would have found it much easier than it is today to get and keep a job in the auto industry. And in that year the average autoworker could meet monthly mortgage(抵押贷款)payments on an average home with just 13.4 percent of his take-home pay. Today a similar mortgage would claim more than twice that share of his monthly earnings. Other members of the autoworker’s family, however, might be less inclined(倾向于......的) to trade the present for the past. His retired parents would certainly have had less economic security back then. Throughout much of the 1960s, more than a quarter of men and women age 65 and older lived below the poverty level, compared to less than 10 percent in 2010. In most states, his wife could not have taken out a loan or a credit card in her own name. In 42 states, a
homemaker had no legal claim on the earnings of her husband. And nowhere did a wife have legal protection against family violence. Most black workers would not want to return to a time when, on average, they earned 40 percent less than their white counterparts(职位相当的人),while racially restrictive agreements largely prevented them from buying into the suburban neighborhoods being built for white working-class families. Today, new problems have emerged in the process of resolving old ones, but the solution is not to go back to the past. Some people may long for an era when divorce was still hard to come by. The spread of no-fault divorce has reduced the bargaining power of whichever spouse is more interested in continuing the relationship. And the breakup of such marriages has caused pain for many families. The growing diversity of family life comes with new possibilities as well as new challenges. According to a recent poll, more than 80 percent of Americans believe that their current family is as close as the one in which they grew up, or closer. Finding ways to improve the lives of the remaining 20 percent seems more realistic than trying to restore an imaginary golden age. 68. What do we learn about American autoworkers in 1950? A.They had less job security than they do today. B. It was not too difficult for them to buy a house. C.Their earnings were worth twice as much as to day. D.They were better off than workers in other industries. 69. Why couldn’t black workers buy a house in a white suburban neighborhood ? A.They lacked the means of transportation. B.They were subjected to racial inequality. C.They were afraid to break the law. D.They were too poor to afford it. 70. What does the author suggest society do? A.Get prepared to face any new challenges. B.Try to better the current social security net. C.Narrow the gap between blacks and whites. D.Improve the lives of families with problems. 第四部分 任务型阅读(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下列短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。 注意：请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只填 1 个单词。 Justin Hall published the first blog ever in the year 1994. Since then blogging has come a long way. Blogging is a great way of reaching out to the world. For some, blogging can just be a hobby, while for others it can be a way to increae awareness about their prodcuts and services, and earn money online. Whatever the reason, the primary aim is to get readership for the blog. But some mistakes cost dearly and can even damage the future of a blog. Content is the king in the kindom of blogs. It is very important that whatever you write and share on your blog is correct, informative, and of good quality. Only with good, unique and interesting content will you be able to catch the attention of readers on the Internet, and turn them into your loyal followers. Plagiarism(剽窃) is a crime, and if you are addicted to the act of copying articles from other blogs and pasting them to your blog, you are going to be fined heavily by search engines sooner or later. You will lose your credibility (信任) if readers find copied content on your blog. A great way to increase your readership is by using various social media platforms. It is great if you are writing good content, but you need to promote your wares if you want to reach out to a wider audience. It is very important to format your content to increase readability. Providing plenty of data without any
formating can put off readres, and they might turn to other sites. Using su btitles and relevant image goes a long way in holding readers’ attention. It is very important to connect with your readers via comments. If a reader has a question, be sure to answer it as soon as possible. It will increase readers’ trust and they will keep coming to your site. You can also invite skilled bloggers to guest post for you. This will help your blog to gain exposure to a wide audience . Perhaps the biggest mistake a new blogger commits is to imitate his/her favourite blogger One cannot be someone else. Everyone has a style of his /her own and should work towards finding his/her own style rather than imitating others. Quite often people are frustrated by the slow start of their blogs and instead of trying harder, they give up. One should understand that readers will not flock to your blog in a day. It will take considerable time and effort to attract and retain readers. Blogging can be a very enriching and rewarding experience. If you take care not to commit these common misktakes, you can get a good start for your blog.
Most common mistakes new bloggers make
Introduction 72. blogging ______for
Blog first 71._______ out in 1994, and is becoming popular now. Some bloggers consider blogging as a hobby. Others employ blogs to 73. _________ their products and services and make money. Sharing and writing 74. ______ unique and interesting content may make readers disloyal to you. Copying others’articles for your blog will make others no longer 75. _______ you and you will also get fined. Neglecting soical media can 76. _______ your blog to a small audience.
Attaching no importance to formatting your content makes it 77. _____to attract readers’attention. Answering readers’questions without delay can 78. ______ in the growth of your blog. Imitating others without 79. ________ your own style can put off readers. Frustrated by few readers, you may 80. ________ easily.
第五部分 书面表达（满分 25 分）
请阅读下面短文,并按照要求用英语写一篇 150 词左右的文章。 Time to give thanks When it comes to Thanksgiving, turkey may be the first thing that comes to mind. It’s the right picture, but it’s not complete. Celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November every year, Thanksgiving Day is a time for thanksgiving and feasts. It’s about expressing your gratitude to the important people and all the good things in your life. Americans celebrate Thanksgiving with much warmth and keep many traditional customs. Here we introduce two of the rules Americans typically follow on this day. 1. Time for prayers and paying back Thanksgiving Day has been associated with prayers in church and in homes for centuries. Attending church prayer services in the morning is the first step of many celebrators on Thanksgiving Day. The churches provide worship (礼拜) services and organize special events for the occasion. Before Thanksgiving meals, some families gather together and read prayers to thank God for his kindness and
the gifts he has bestowed upon (给予) them in the form of friends and family. Some people also do voluntary community work on this day, as a way of paying back. 2. Family reunions and showing gratitude Like China’s Spring Festival, preparing a big meal and bringing the family together at home is a long-standing tradition of Thanksgiving. Distances don’t really matter as relatives return home to be with their family, no matter how far away. 【写作内容】 1. 用约 30 个单词写出上文概要； 2. 用约 120 个单词谈谈你对感恩的想法，内容包括： (1) 你认为我们中国人有没有必要过“感恩节”？为什么？ (2) 以你自己的经历或者身边的人为例，阐述重视感恩的必要性； (3) 总结你的观点。 【写作要求】 1. 可以支持文中任一观点，但必须提供理由或论据； 2. 阐述观点或提供论据时，不能直接引用原文语句； 3. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称； 4. 不必写标题。 【评分标准】 内容完整，语言规范，语篇连贯，词数适当。
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听力 1—5 BCAAC 单选 21—25 AABAA 26—20 DCABC 31—35 ADDCC 完形填空 36—40 ABBBA 41—45 DCDCA 46—5 0 BAABD 51—55 CBCAD 阅读理解 56—60 CDACD 61—65 ABCBC 任务型阅读 66—70 ADBBD 6—10 ABBCC 11—15 ABACC 16—20 ABCBB
71. came 72. Reasons 73. promote 74. less result 79. finding 80. quit
77. difficult/ hard 78.
This passage is mainly about the custom of a western traditional festival, Thanksgiving Day, which mainly includes the two rules that Americans usually abide by during the festival. After reading the passage, I had a better understanding of Thanksgiving Day. In my opinion, since the festival has a lovely and healthy theme, why not do as the Americans do ?Don’t you think giving thanks to things and people around us is very necessary. We can’t deny it is a good chance to spread kindness and consideration. Take myself for example. Becuase I am busy in studying on weekdays, I have little time to lo ok after my parents, which makes me guilty. In order to reward them and make them relaxed on the weekene, I get up early in the morning and prepare breakfast for them willingly, whkich makes them delighted. So it is vital for us to have a grateful heart and show our thnaks to anything good and any perosn that is nice.
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