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高中英语语法虚拟语气专题辅导课件


wish引导的虚拟句

wish后面的宾语从句要用虚拟语气
did/were wish + that clause had done would / might /could do
我要是记得地址就好了。(真可惜我忘了)

I wish I remembered the address. 要是他昨天告诉我这个消息就好

了。(他昨天没告诉我)
I wish he had told me the news yesterday. 要是明天下雨就好了。(说话人以预料明天不会下雨)

I wish it would rain tomorrow.

Exercises:
—Have you visited the Science Museum? —No, but I really wish I _______. A. had B. did C. have D. will

I didn’t go to the party, but I do wish I _____there. A. was B. were C. had been D. went I wish I _________ you yesterday. A. see B. did see C. had seen D. were to see

The picture exhibition bored me to death. I wish I ___________to it. A. hadn’t gone C. didn’t go B. haven’t gone D. could not have gone

How I wish I __________that! Everybody present was angry with me. A. didn’t go C. wouldn’t do B. hadn’t done D. wasn’t doing

—He is a brave man. —Yes, I wish I _________his courage.
A. have B. had C. will have D. would have Tom can take his car apart and put it back together again. I certainly wish he _____me how. A. teaches C. has taught B. will teach D. would teach

When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, it looks as if it __________. A. breaks B. has broken C. were broken D. had been broken The actor is 58 years old. But he acts as if he _______ a young man. A. is B. will be C. am D. were

The clouds are getting darker and darker. It looks as if it _______rain. A
A. is going to C. was going to B. will D. would

How I wish I _________such a good chance before.
A. didn’t see C. met B. hadn’t missed D. have got

I wish the rain _________stop. A. will B. would C. may D. can

She sings as if she _________a boy. A. is B. was C. were

D. are

We felt as if we _________each other for years. A. knew B. were knowing C. had known D. have knowing

if引导的虚拟条件句

与现在事实相反的虚拟条件句
If + 主 + did(were), 主+would/should/could/might +动词原形
1. 如果我是你,我不会放弃这份工作。

If I were you, I would not give up the job.
2.如果他有空,他会与你一起去的。

If he were free, he would go with you.
3.如果我有一百万美元,我会买下这架飞机。

If I had one million dollars, I would buy the plane.

与过去事实相反的虚拟条件句
If +主 +had done sth, 主+would/should/could/might +动词完成式(have done)
1.如果当时他努力学的话,他就会通过这次考试。

If he had worked hard, he would have passed the examination.
2.如果他那时在那儿的话,他就能见到我了。

If he had been there, he could have met me.
3.要是当时我和她结了婚的话,那我是很不幸的。

If I had married her, I would have been unhappy.

与将来事实相反的虚拟条件句(通常有时间状语)

If + 主 + did(were to /should do), 主+would/should/ could/might +动词原形
1.如果他明天来的话,我会告诉他这件事.

If he came here tomorrow, I would tell him about it.
2.如果他明天来的话,我会告诉他.

If he were to come here tomorrow, I would tell him.

条件状语的倒装:
如果条件状语中有were, had, should时, 可以倒 装成:Were / Should / Had +主+其他 If I were you, I would try it again. Were I you, I would try it again. If he had been there yesterday, he would have seen the film. Had he been there yesterday, he would have seen the film. If it should snow tomorrow, we wouldn’t go out. Should it snow tomorrow, we wouldn’t go out.

If you __________tomorrow, you _________ find the new manager working in the office.
A. should come; would C. will come; should

B. would come; would D. comes; might

If the parents ______at the hospital earlier after the accident, the child would have been saved.

A. arrives C. had arrived

B. arrive D. has arrived

I didn’t see your sister at the meeting. If she __________, she would have met my brother.
A. has come B. did come C. came D. had come

If my lawyer _______here last Sunday, he _______ me from going . A. had been; would have prevented B. had been; would prevent C. were; would prevent D. were; would have prevented

—If he _______, he ___________that food.
—Luckily he was sent to the hospital

immediately.
A. was warned; would not have taken B. had been warned; would not have taken C. would be warned; had not taken

D. would have been warned; had not taken

If the doctor had come earlier, the poor child __________.
A. wouldn’t be lying there for two hours

B. wouldn’t have laid there for two hours
C. wouldn’t have lied there for two hours D. wouldn’t have lain there for two hours

If you had told me in advance, I __________him at the airport. A. would meet B. would had meet C. would have met D. would have meet If there were no subjunctive mood, English _____ much easier.

A. Will be C. could have been

B. would have been D. would be

_______the exam, he would have attended a college. A. If he passed C. Were he passed B. Had he passed D. If he should pass

_______five minutes earlier, you could have seen them off. A. If you should arrive B. If you arrive C. Had you arrived D. Should you arrive ________it rain tomorrow, we should have to put off the visit to the Science Museum. A. Were B. should C. would D. will

1. The boy who went swimming in the Noswimming Zone drowned in the river. If the boy hadn’t gone swimming in the No-swimming Zone, he wouldn’t have drowned in the river. Had the boy not gone swimming in the No-swimming Zone, he wouldn’t have drowned in the river.

2. Billy was badly bitten by mosquitoes because he forgot to use the mosquito net last night.
If Billy had remembered to use the mosquito net last night, he would not have been bitten by… Had Billy remembered to use the mosquito net last night, he would not have been bitten by…

3. The mother carelessly put the knife within the baby’s reach, and the baby cut herself while playing it. If the mother had carefully put the knife out of the baby’s reach, the baby wouldn’t have cut herself.

Had the mother carefully put the knife out of the baby’s reach, the baby wouldn’t have cut herself.

4.The students got food-poisoning after eating the potatoes in the dining-room. If the students had not eaten the potatoes in the dinning-room, they wouldn’t have got food-poisoning. Had the students not eaten the potatoes in the dinning-room, they wouldn’t have got food-poisoning.

5. The parents put the thermos on the ground. Their son kicked it and got burnt. If the parents had put the thermos in a safe place, their son wouldn’t have kicked it and got burnt. Had the parents put the thermos in a safe place, their son wouldn’t have kicked it and got burnt.

名词性从句中 虚拟语气用法

suggest, order, demand, propose, command,
request, desire, insist, require, recommend etc.引 导的宾语从句要用虚拟语气,以(should) + 动词原 形出现。

We all suggest that he ( should ) finish his homework first. The captain commanded that all the sailors ( should ) get down to work at once.

It’s suggested ( ordered, demanded, proposed, commanded, requested, desired, insisted, required ) that … 后面的主语从句中要使用 虚拟语气,也以 ( should )+ v原.的形式出 现。
It’s ordered that only German ( should ) be taught at schools in Alsas and Lorin. It’s requested that all the students ( should ) wear school uniforms at school.

以上这些动词的名词形式后面的表语从句 和同位语从句中也要用虚拟语气,也应以 (should) + v原. 的形式出现。 My suggestion is that you ( should ) go home first before coming here.

His request that his cost ( should ) be paid by the hour is completely reasonable.

其他形式的虚拟语气

It’s (high) time that we should have a rest now.

It’s (high) time that we had a rest now. If only I were 10 years younger. If only I could speak French. If only you had attended the dancing party yesterday. It’s important that you should keep calm in danger. It’s necessary that we should exercise to keep health. essential, vital, advisable等都有这种用法

It is surprising that you should have trusted him. It is amazing that you should talk to her like that. 类似的形容词还有:strange, astonishing, incredible, shocking

should表示“万一”、“真的”,用于条件 句 If you should change your mind, please let us know. If you should be interested, I have a book for it.=Should you be interested, …

Without, but for引导虚拟语气 Without music, the world would be very dull. But for your help ( 如 果 要 不 是 你 的 帮 助 ) , I wouldn’t have succeeded.
=If it had not been for your help, I wouldn’t have succeeded. as if/as though引导的虚拟语气 Jack speaks good Chinese as if he were a Chinese.

混杂式虚拟语气
If I had listened to your advice yesterday, I wouldn’t be in trouble now.

I would have attended the meeting, but I was too busy.


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