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高中英语语法分类按专题按考点总结加配套练习 代词


使用说明
这套资料有以下特点: 一、针对性强。在编写时,用的是“归纳”法。先下载近十几年的高考真题,再按语法专题 归类,然后,每个语法专题再按考点归类,归类时特别注意了学生学习过程中的难点和易混点, 最后再在需要的地方加上必要的讲解,所以重难点突出,详略得当,针对性强。 二、讲练结合。对于每一个考点在简明讲解之后,都安排了适量的练习题。这些题都是精心 筛选出来的。主要是

从其典型性、思维容量和所含语言点是否丰富,写作是否能用,里面是否含 有完形填空可能出的词等多个方面考虑,因此也有相当多的题是保留了十几年前的题而舍弃了近 几年的高考题。 三、题量科学。我们发现,针对每个考点的练习量如果过大的话,效果也不好。练习量少的 话,譬如两三个,我们就可以轻松自如的在脑中翻动、回味这些题,效果反而更好。因此,就忍 痛删去了许多来之不易的好题。 四、重视习题排序。有的同学说,如果把相似题排列在一起的话,学生容易猜到答案,而不 去思考。所以,今年再版时,开始时是把不同类型的题混在一起,但再看时,发觉做后效果反而 不好了。做后印象不深、规律在脑中不清晰。然后又把题按类型排列,相近的题列在一起。再看 一遍,感觉真好! 。学知识同向某个空间放东西一样,有条理了就好放也好记也好找,杂乱了就不 好放,用时也不容易找到。科学家对大脑的研究也表明,信息在脑中存放、排列是有规律的。 五、考点目录化。为了便于使用,本资料编了详细的目录,分为“章”“讲”和“考点”三 、 个级别。 六、讲、练、考一体化。前面第一部分是考点精讲精练,后面第二部分是单元过关测试。过 关测试题基本上也都是高考题,覆盖面较大,既可以对前面所学知识进一步巩固,也可当作测试 题用。 七、语法、写作同步提高。这次改编,增加了“作文专项技能提升”这个部分,基础好的学 生,可以利用这部分的习题来提高自己的写作能力。 所以从它诞生那天起,就深受师生欢迎。它帮助许多学生提高了英语成绩,成为许多老师备 课时必不可缺少的学习资料。去年,语法通霸的部分电子文档上传到网上后,成为网上的热门资 料,有许多老师愿意出数百元来购买完整的电子文档以便自己上课用。更多网友评论可以到到淘 宝贝详情中查看。这套资料的这种编排,使学生一看就懂,一做就会,从而解决了语法学习中费 时低效的问题。老师利用这本资料,可以使语法课不再空洞乏味。学生利用这本书,可以使语法 学习变得有趣高效,优生利用此书来巩固自己的学科优势,待优生利用此书来实现英语上的彻底 逆转。

2012 年 9 月

如果说学习有捷径可走,那么它就是勤奋;如果说知识就是力量,那么它就是实践。

代词 ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 1 第一部分 考点精讲精练 ........................................................................................................................................................... 1 第 1 讲 人称代词 ................................................................................................................................................................ 1 考点 1. 代词做同位语 .................................................................................................................................................... 1 考点 2. 用人称代词宾格代替主格的情况 .................................................................................................................... 1 第 2 讲 指示代词 ................................................................................................................................................................ 2 考点 1. This, that ............................................................................................................................................................ 2 考点 2. that 指代前面提到的名词,后总是伴随着限制性的后置修饰语 ................................................................ 2 第 3 讲 不定代词 ................................................................................................................................................................ 2 考点 1. one 不可指代不可数名词 ................................................................................................................................. 2 考点 2. one 作同位语 ..................................................................................................................................................... 2 考点 3. one, it, ( the one, the ones)的区别 .................................................................................................................... 2 考点 4. each, every 表示“每一”时的区别 .................................................................................................................... 3 考点 5. any, either 表示“任何一个”时的区别 ............................................................................................................. 3 考点 6. neither, both 与 all;none,(both 与 all 表示部分否定) .............................................................................. 3 考点 7. none, no one, nobody 的区别 ........................................................................................................................... 4 考点 8. another, other, others, the other, the others,the rest.................................................................................... 4 考点 9. something, everything, nothing, anything ....................................................................................................... 5 考点 10. anyone , someone,和 everyone .................................................................................................................. 5 考点 11. everyone 与 every one ................................................................................................................................. 5 考点 12. everybody/something 等人称代词替代问题 ............................................................................................... 6 第 4 讲 反身代词 ................................................................................................................................................................ 6 第5讲 it 的其它用法 ..................................................................................................................................................... 7 考点 1. it 做形式主语或宾语, 代指后面的不定式或动名词或句子 .......................................................................... 7 考点 2. 用于表达天气、环境、时间、距离、季节等 ................................................................................................ 7 考点 3. 不知性别是婴儿常用 it ..................................................................................................................................... 7 考点 4. it 用以指身份不明的人 .................................................................................................................................... 7 考点 5. 强调句型 ............................................................................................................................................................ 7 考点 6. I like it when… .................................................................................................................................................. 7 考点 7. I can’t help it/ can help it/ can’t help doing/can’t help but do ...................................................................... 8 考点 8. make it 的用法 ................................................................................................................................................. 8 写作专练 1. 使用好代词,写正确优美句子(P10) .................................................................................................... 8 第二部分 专题过关测试 ........................................................................................................................................................... 9 第三部分 写作能力提升 ......................................................................................................................................................... 10 写作专练 1. 使用好代词,写出正确优美句子(参看 P 错误!未定义书签。 错误!未找到引用源。 ......... 10 )

高中英语语法通霸,适合高三复习,也适合高一高二学生学习

如果说学习有捷径可走,那么它就是勤奋;如果说知识就是力量,那么它就是实践。

代词 第一部分 考点精讲精练

英语中的代词,按其意义、特征及在句中的作用分九种: 人称代词 物主代词 指示代词 反身代词 疑问代词 不定代词 关系代词 相互代词 连接代词 分为主格(如:I, you, he 等)和宾格(如:me, you, him) 。 分为形容词物主代词(如:my, his, your, )和名词性物主代词(如:mine, his, yours) 常见的有四个:this 这,that 那, these 这些, those 那些 如:myself 我自己,himself 他自己,themselves 他们自己 用在特殊疑问句中。 who, whom, whose, what, which。 Who is that boy? What do you like? 有: 如: 如:some 一些 many 许多 both 两个都, everything, everybody 等 引导定语从句。如:This is the boy who won the race. 指 each other 与 one another,意为“互相” 疑问代词在引导从句时,都称为连接代词,包括 who, whom, whose, what, which, whoever, whomever, whichever, whatever,一共九个。如: It is clear enough what she meant. 她是什么意思很清楚。 (引导主语从句) I don‘t care what they think. 他们怎么想我不管。 (引导宾语从句)

第1讲
人称代词分为主格和宾格:
我 你 他 她 它 我 们 we 你 们 you 他们

人称代词
考点2. 用人称代词宾格代替主格的情况

① 口语中作表语的人称代词一般用宾格,不用主格。 Who is it? It‘s me. ② 在比较句型中,as 和 than 后的主格可以用宾格代 替。 I am taller than she/her. He is as tall as she/her. ③ but, except 作―除了…‖时并且位于主语之后是,后 面可以跟主格也可跟宾格。 Nobody but/except he/him knew it. ④ 人称代词单独出现时,常用宾格。 Who runs faster, you or me? 3. --- Susan, go and join your sister cleaning the yard. ---- Why ____? John is sitting there doing nothing. A. him B. he C. I D. me 4. 【2009 山东】-----Poor Steve! I could hardly recognize him just now! ------_______________. He has changed so much. A. Never mind B. No problem C. Not at all D. Me neither

主 格 宾 格

I

you

he

she

it

they

me

you

him

her

it

us

you

them

考点1.

代词做同位语

如果代词和名词指代相同时,常用主格或宾格作同位 语,不用物主代词。 改错:Our Chinese people are friendly. 把 our 改为 we, 因为我们本身就是中国人。 1. ___ students are tired of doing so much homework.. We had better make it known to our teachers. A. Our B. We C. Us D. Ours 2. 【2007 湖南】To save class time, our teacher has ________ students do half of the exercise in class and complete the other half for homework. A. us B. we C. our D. ours

Nothing is possible for a willing heart. (心之所愿,无所不成) A bold attempt is half success. (勇敢的尝试,是成功的一半)

1

高中英语语法通霸,适合高三复习,也适合高一高二学生学习

第2讲 指示代词
指示代词一般指:this, that, these 和 those 考点1. This, that 「分析」①选 B, 因为指的同一事物。②选 C 。that 替代 the pleasure,与前面提到的同属"快乐的事",但 却是不同的事。 如果前面名词是可数名词复数时,要用 those 而不用 that。 3. 【2005 江苏】 I'm moving to the countryside because the air there is much fresher than________ in the city. A. ones B. one C. that D. those 4. Our furniture is much cheaper than ______ you bought last year . A. one B. ones C. that D. those 5. 【2008 全国 I】 The English spoken in the United States is only slightly different from ___ spoken in England. A. which B. what C. that D. the one 6. 【2009 全国 I】One of the most important questions they had to consider was of public health. A. what B. this C. that D. which 7. 【2009 江苏】Nine in ten parents said there were significant differences in their approach to educating their children compared with __ of their parents. A. those B. one C. both D. that 8. 【2012 浙江】Studying Wendy's menu , I found that many of the items are similar to ______ of McDonald's . A. those B. ones C. any D. all

this 常指后面要讲到的事物,有启下的作用;that 则 指前面讲到过的事物,有承上的作用。 I want to tell you this, the English party will be held on Saturday afternoon. He hurt his leg yesterday. That‘s why he didn‘t come 1. 【2007 浙江】—He got his first book published. It turned out to be a bestseller. —When was _____? —_____ was in 2000 when he was still in college. A. that; This B. this; It C. it; This D. that; It 2. 【2008 辽宁】—Could you tell me how to get to Victoria Street? —Victoria Street? __ is where the Grand Theatre is. A. Such B. There C. That D. This 考点2. that 指代前面提到的名词,后总是伴随着限 制性的后置修饰语 that 可以代指可数名词也可代指不可数名词。 it 和 that 都替代"the+单数名词(可数或不可数)", 都是特指,但 it 指前面提到的"同一"事物,而 that 是 指前面提到的"同类"事物。如: ①【2001 全国】The Parkers bought a new house but _____will need a lot of work before they can move in. A. they B. it C. one D. which ② 【1999 全国】 pleasures can equal______ of a cool Few drink on a hot day. A. some B. any C. that D. those

第3讲 不定代词
没有明确指定代替任何 特定名词或形容词的 词叫做不定代词,常用的不定代词如下: all, any, another, both, each, every, either, every, few, little, many, much, no, none, neither, one, other, some 以 及 由 some, any, no, very 和 body, one, thing 构成的复合词 考点1. one 不可指代不可数名词 考点2. one 作同位语

3. 【2002 全国】Meeting my uncle after all these years was an unforgettable moment,______ I will always treasure. A. that B. one C. it D. what 4. For Tim this was the beginning of a new life, ____ he thought he would never see. A. what B. that C. one D. it 5. ------ Can I help you? ------ I‘d like to buy a gift for my mother, ____ at a proper price but of great use. A. that B. one C. anyone D. everything 考点3. one, it, ( the one, the ones)的区别

1. 【2011 重庆】 ——Silly me! I forget what my luggage looks like. ——What do you think of ______ over there? A. the one B. this C. it D. that 2. Our furniture is much cheaper than ______ you bought last year . A. one B. ones C. that D. those

在指代时,one 可以替换为:a+名词, 而 it 指特定

如果说学习有捷径可走,那么它就是勤奋;如果说知识就是力量,那么它就是实践。

的某一个,相当于 the+名词 6. 【2000 全国】-Why don't we take a little break? -Didn't we just have ________ ? A. it B. that C. one D. this 7. 【2011 福建】We have various summer camps for your holidays, you can choose ____ based on your own interests. A. either B. each C. one D. it 8. 【1992 全国】 Zhang gave the textbooks to all the Mr. pupils except _______ who had already taken them. A. the ones B. ones C. some D. the others 9. 【2005 江西】 Cars do cause us some health problems —in fact far more serious ____ than mobile phones do. A.one B.ones C.it D.those 10. 【2005 浙江】 We‘ve been looking at the houses but haven‘t found _________ we like yet. A. one B.ones C.it D.them 11. 【2007 陕西】—There is still a copy of the book in the library. Will you go and borrow ? —No, I‘d rather buy in the bookstore. A .it; one B. one; one C. one; it D. it; it 考点4. each, every 表示“每一”时的区别

12. 【2012 上海】When he took his gloves off, I noticed that one had his name written inside. A. each B. every C. other D. another 考点5. any, either 表示“任何一个”时的区别

① any 表示―任何‖的意思, 用于三者及三者以上。 Any child can do that.(定语) You may take any of them.(宾语) ② either 是―两者中任何一个‖的意思, 可修饰或代替 单数可数名词。 如: Here are two pens. You may take either of them. (宾语) ③ 有时,either 可以与 each 相互换。 There are many trees on either/each side of the road. 13. 【2008 全国】 —Which of the two computer games did you prefer? —Actually I didn‘t like _____. A. both of them B. either of them C. none of them D. neither of them 14. 【2008 上海】 Do you want tea or coffee? ____, I really don‘t mind. A. none B. neither C. either D. or 15. 【2009 陕西】Jane was asked a lot of questions, but she didn‘t answer_____ of them. A. other B.any C.none D.some 16. 【2010 重庆】 had lost his temper and his health in He the war and never found _______ of them again. A. neither B. either C. each D. all 考点6. neither, both 与 all;none,(both 与 all 表示 部分否定) ① both 用于否定句,表示部分否定;表示完全否定 时,用 neither。如: Both of us are not teachers.我们俩并不都是教师。 Neither of us is a teacher. 我们俩都不是教师。 ② all 用于否定句,表示部分否定,完全否定用 none。如: Not all the ants go out for food.(or: All the ants don‘t go out for food.) 并不是所有的蚂蚁都出去寻找食物。 None of the money is mine.这钱一分也不是我的。 ③ 另外,neither 是―两者中没有一个‖的意思,可以 做形容词,修饰或代替单数可数名词,它所修饰 的名词用单数形式,后面的谓语也用单数形式。 如 Neither boy knows French. 17. 【1998 全国】 —Can you come on Monday or Tuesday ? —I‘m afraid ____day is possible. A. either B. neither C. some D. any 18. 【2006 浙江】If you can‘t decide which of the two books to borrow, why don‘t you take ______? I won‘t

① 从数量上: 用于两个或两个以上的人或物,而 each every 用于三个或三个以上的人或物。也就是说, 只有两个时,必须用 each, 三个及三个以上时,用 each 和 every 都行。) Each/Every student has a computer. ② 从意义上:each 侧重于个体,强调―每一个‖, 而 every 侧重于整体,强调 ―全部‖。 Each student has a computer. 每个学生都有台电 脑。 Every student has a computer. 所以的学生都有台 电脑 ③ 从词性上:every 只能作形容词,而 each 可做代词 和形容词和副词。 Each boy has eaten one apple. (each 为形容词) Each of them has eaten one apple. (each 为代词) They each have eaten one apple. (each 为代词,作 同位语) They have eaten one apple each. (each 为副词) 改错: ①There are many tall trees on every side of the road. ②Every of the students in our class has a dictionary. 改为: ①把 every 改为 each, 因为路只有两条边,而 every 用于三者及三者以上。 ②把 Every 改为 Each,或在 Every 后加 one。

Nothing is possible for a willing heart. (心之所愿,无所不成) A bold attempt is half success. (勇敢的尝试,是成功的一半)

3

高中英语语法通霸,适合高三复习,也适合高一高二学生学习

read them this week. A. all B. any C. either

D. both

19. ____ of them do not drink wine. A bottle will be enough. A. No B. None C. All D. Every one 20. 【2012 全国新课标】Larry asks Bill and Peter to go on a picnic with him, but_ of them wants to, because they have work to do. A. either B. any C. neither D. none 21. 【2012 重庆】—John, when shall we meet again, Thursday or Friday? —___________.I‘ll be off to London then. A. Either B. Neither C. Both D. None 考点7. none, no one, nobody 的区别

24. 【2008 浙江】–I‘d like some more cheese. –Sorry, there‘s ______ left. A. some B. none C. a little D. few 25. 【2009 上海】–Wow! You‘ve got so many clothes. --But _____ of them are in fashion now. A. all B. both C. neither D. none 26. 【2012 江西】My brother would like to buy a good watch but was available from that shop. A.nothing B.none C.no one D.neither 27. ------ Did you have any trouble with the customers? ------ ____ to speak of. A. None B. Neither C. Nothing D. No 考点8. another, other, others, the other, the others, the rest

① no one, nobody 只指人, nothing 指没有什么事物, ① ―the other +名词复数‖ (或用 the others) 表示―其余 none 兼指人和物。 的全部……‖;―other + 复数名词(或用 others)泛 指―其他的(别的)人或物‖(并不有意强调全部)。 ② 用作主语时,no one 、nobody 后的谓语动词一般 如: 用单数, 按传统语法,两者之后均不能接 of 短 Five of the pencils are red, the others (the other pens) 语。none 代替不可数名词作主语时,谓语动词用 are yellow. 单数形式;代替可数名词作主语时,谓语动词可 Some are singing, and others are dancing. (others 泛指 用单数也可用复数形式。None 后可跟 of 短语。 其余的,指其余的绝大部分。暗示可能有极少数既 如:No one (Nobody) knows. 谁也不知道。 没唱歌也没跳舞。如果用 the others 则只剩余的全 No one (Nobody) likes it. 没人喜欢它。 部,表示其余的无一例外都在跳舞。) ③ none 往往暗示有一定的范围 (这种范围通常就表 some…, some…, some…, others…,意为―一些…… 现在其后的 of 短语上) ,着眼于数量概念,"特 一些……一些‖。 指的人或物一个也没有,一点儿也没有"。而 no one 或 nobody 则不暗示这种范围,即指―谁都没 ② the other 强调剩下的这一个,此时只有一个;常出 现在 one…the other 中, 用于两者之间。如:He got 有。 two books; one is a textbook, the other is a novel. 体会下面的两组对话: 也可用于其它表示―只剩下这一个‖的情况。如: A:Did any of your friends come to see you? 你的 There were three boys in the classroom. One is Tom, 朋友当中有谁来看过你吗? another is John, and the other is Ken. B:None. 一个也没来。 another 修饰或代替单数可数名词,用于―三个或三 A: anyone come to see you? 有人来看过你吗? Did 个以上‖,指代剩下的两个或两个以上中的一个。 B:No one (Nobody). 谁也没来 This coat is too dark. Please show me another.(宾语, ④ 在回答 how many 或 how much 的提问时,通常 用 none,而在回答 who 的提问时,通常用 no one 或 nobody。体会: A:How many English books have you read? 你读 过多少本英文书? B:None. 一本也没读。 A:How much money did you give her? 你给了她 多少钱? B:None. 一分也没给。 A:Who went to see the film? 谁去看电影了? B:No one 【Nobody】. 谁也没去。 22. ------ How many elephants did you see? ------ ____. A. None B. No one C. Nothing D. Not many 23. –Who was in the building when the fire broke out? –____. A. None B. No one C. Not any one D. Not anybody. 外衣总数为为三件及三件以上。 除去这个外衣之外, 剩下的起码有两件; 如果只剩一件的话, 就要用 the other。) one … another/a second… a third…the other…常用 语列举,意为―一个……一个……一个……一个‖用 于三者或三者以上的排列。 ③ another 还可表示―再,又‖。(参看: P 错误!未 定义书签。 many more + 名词, much more + 名词, 与 another) ④ the rest 既可代替可数名词,也可代替不可数名词, 而 another, other, others, the other(s)只能代替可数名 词。 ⑤ else 只能放在复合不定代词或者疑问词后。如: Did you see anybody else? 你还看见别的人吗? Who else was at the party? 聚会上还有谁 ⑥ each other, one another(相互), 按传统语法,each other 指两者;而 one another 指三者或三者以上。

如果说学习有捷径可走,那么它就是勤奋;如果说知识就是力量,那么它就是实践。

但在现代英语中,两者常可互换。如: You should help each other [one another]. 你们应该互相帮助。 We know each other‘s [one another‘s] weak points. 我们都彼此了解对方的缺点。 ⑦ one after another(一个接一个), 如:I'm not surprised he's feeling ill - he was eating one ice-cream after another! ⑧ ―any other +单数名词‖(别的 / 其他的任何一个) Shanghai is larger than any other city in China. ⑨ one way or another 以 某 种 方 式 ; 无 论 如 何 。 Everyone at the party was related ( in ) one way or another. These bills have to be paid one way or another. 28. 【2011 陕西】-Would you get me a bar of chocolate from the kitchen, dear? - ____ one? A. Other B. Every C. Another D. More 29. 【2000 全国】If you want to change for a double room you‘ll have to pay_____$ 15. A. another B. other C. more D. each 30. 【2010 安徽】You are the team star! Working with ________is really your cup of tea. A. both B. either C. others D. the other 31. 【2009 重庆】Over the past 20 years, the Internet helped change our world in _____way or another for the better. A. any B. one C. every D. either 32. 【2010 全国 1】I'll spend half of my holiday practicing English and ________ half learning drawing. A. another B. the other C. other‘s D. other. 33. 【2005 上海】No progress was made in the trade talk as neither side would accept the conditions of___. A. others B. the other C. either D. another 34. I have done much of the work. Could you please finish ________ in two days? A. the rest B. the other C. another D. the others 考点9. something, everything, nothing, anything

我认为在那方面你可能是有道理的。 ③ something of a(an)+n 表示―可以说是一个……‖ 的意思。 Dr. James is a scholar and something of a philosopher. 詹姆斯博士是个学者,也可以说是个不错的哲学 家。 联系: He isn‘t much of a cook 35. 【2008 山东】 Make sure you‘ve got the passports and tickets and _____ before you leave. A. something B. anything C. everything D. nothing 36. 【2007 重庆】Jim sold most of his things. He has hardly _______ left in the house. A. anything B. everything C. nothing D. something 37. ____ of us can do everything, but all of us can do ____. A. None, something B. Some, everything C. Few, something D. Few, nothing 38. 【2011 湖南】I know that _____ would ever discourage him; he would never give up wanting to be a director. A. something B. anything C. everything D. nothing 39. 【2011 四川】 There is _____ in his words. We should have a try. A. something B. anything C. nothing D. everything 考点10. anyone , someone,和 everyone 40. 【2005 全国 1】We haven‘t enough books for ___; some of you will have to share . A.somebody B.anybody C.everybody D.nobody 41. 【2005 湖北】First , it is important to recognize what kind of person you are and which special qualities make you different from _____. A. everyone else B.the other C.someone else D.the rest 42. 【2005 安徽】I don‘t think we‘ve met before. You‘re taking me for ______. A. some other B. someone else C. other person D. one other 43. 【2007 上海】The mayor has offered a reward of $ 5000 to ___ who can capture the tiger alive or dead. A. both B. others C. anyone 考点11. everyone 与 every one everyone 是一个词,只用来指人,等于 everybody,在 它后面不能跟介词 of; every one 是两个词,既可用来 指人,也可用来指物,等于 each one,后面可跟介词 of。请看以下例句: ① Everyone of the children likes this game.(误)

① something 意为―重要的人物‖, 相当于 somebody。 She thinks she‘s something since she won the beauty contest. 选美比赛得了奖,她就自以为了不起了。 She acts as if she were something since she won the prize. 自从获奖以来她就表现得自命不凡了。 联系:He thinks he is somebody but he is nobody. 他自以为了不起,实际他一文不名。 ② something 还可表示“重要的事物”。 These paintings were really something. 这些画确实出色。 I think you may have something there.

Nothing is possible for a willing heart. (心之所愿,无所不成) A bold attempt is half success. (勇敢的尝试,是成功的一半)

5

高中英语语法通霸,适合高三复习,也适合高一高二学生学习

每个孩子都喜欢这个游戏。 Every one of the children likes this game.(正) ② Everyone/Everybody in our class is interested in learning English. 我们班上每个人都爱学英语。(Everyone 用作主 语) ③ Not everyone(everybody) in the USA is rich.在美国 并不是人人都富裕。(everyone 用作主语) 【链接】everyday 日常的,every day 每天 He recites everyday English every day. 他每天被日常英语。 44. _____ likes being praised. _____ of them especially likes being praised. A. Everyone, Every one B. Every one, Everyone C. Everyone, Everyone D. Every one, Every one 考点12. everybody/something 等人称代词替代问题 anyone/ anybody/somebody/everybody ① 指个体时,谓语动词用单数: Has anyone a

dictionary he can lend me? . Everyone in our class goes in for sports. ② 指―全部、无一例外‖时,anyone/anybody 在附加 问句中,则其主语用复数代词表示此意:Anybody can enter for the race, can‘t they? Everyone in our class goes in for sports, don’t they? ③ 在口语中,特别是对话中,为避免明确指出所指 对象的性别, Everybody was wearing their shorts. I told everyone to run as fast as they can. something, everything 谓语动词用单数 (包括在 反意问句的陈述和疑问部分中) : Everything has gone wrong today, hasn’t it ? 比昂英语(原远航英语)系列丛书之 《高中英语语法通霸 2012 版》 (适合 2013 高考)

第4讲 反身代词
反身代词指:myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves 表示单数的反身代词以 self 结尾;表示复数的反身代 词以 selves 结尾; 第一人称和第二人称前面用的是物主代词;第三人称 前面用的是代词宾格。 反身代词有两种用法:反射,强调 ①反射: 反身代词指代主语,与指代的名词或代词形成互指 关系。反身代词和人称代词作宾语时具有不同的含 义。如: He saw himself in the mirror. 他在镜子里看见了他自己。 (himself ,he 为同一人) He saw him in the mirror. 他在镜子里看见了他。 (him 显然指另外一人) 因此当宾语和主语指代同一人时,要用反身代词, 不能用人称代词。 We enjoyed ourselves very much last night. 我们昨晚玩得很开心。 Please help yourself to some fish. 请你随便吃点鱼。 I could not dress (myself) up at that time. 那个时候我不能打扮我自己。 She seated herself by the window. 她拣了窗边的一个座位坐下来。 I like to travel by myself. I am not myself today. 我今天不舒服。 She was beside herself with grief. 她悲伤过度,神经失常了。 Behave yourself, children.孩子们,规矩点。 The girl fell off her bike and hurt herself. 女孩从自行车上摔下来,受了伤。 ②强调:常做同位语 I myself heard him say so yesterday. 我昨天亲自听他这么说的。 She did it herself. (=She herself did it. ) 她自己做的。 The story itself is not interesting. 故事本身并不令人感到有趣 1. 【2010 上海】If our parents do everything for us children, we won't learn to depend on _________. A. themselves B. them C. us D. ourselves 2. 【2006 福建】.---Who called me this morning when I was not in? ----A man calling ______ Robert. A. his B. himself C .his D.不填 3. 【2007 上海春】Treat to a glass of wine to help you relax at the end of the day. A.one B.oneself C.you D.yourself 4. 【2008 江西】Isn‘t it amazing how the human body heals ____ after an injury? A. himself B. him C. itself D. it 5. 【2008 湖南】 Our neighbors gave _____ a baby bird yesterday that hurt ______ when it fell from its nest.

如果说学习有捷径可走,那么它就是勤奋;如果说知识就是力量,那么它就是实践。

A. us, it C. ourselves, itself

B. us, itself D. ourselves, it

overcoat for her. A. them B. her C. itself D. herself

6. 【2011 安徽】Surprisingly, Susan‘s beautiful hair reached below her knees and made_____ almost an

第5讲 it 的其它用法
考点1. it 做形式主语或宾语, 代指后面的不定式或 动名词或句子 1. 【2010 全国 2】 doctor thought ________ would The be good for you to have a holiday. A. this B. that C. one D. it 2. Why don‘t you bring ____ to his attention that now students are bearing too heavy learning load? A. it B. this C. that D. what 3. You may depend on _______ that he will turn up in time. A. it B. me C. which D. them 4. 【2011 山东】The two girls are so alike that strangers find ___ difficult to tell one from the other. A. it B. them C. her D. that 5. 【2011 天津】We feel ______ our duty to make our country a better place. A. it B. this C. that D. one 6. — I don‘t know whether I should go abroad or not, Mum. — I leave _______ to your own judgment whether you should do it. A. that B. it C. this D. what 7. 【2007 全国 II】___ felt funny watching myself on TV. A. One B. This C. It D. That 8. 【2012 陕西】No matter where he is, he makes _____a rule to go for a walk before breakfast. A. him B this C. that D. it 9. Will you see to ____ that the luggage is brought back? A. me B. yourself C. it D. them 考点2. 用于表达天气、环境、时间、距离、季节等 考点3. 不知性别是婴儿常用 it

11. Mary is expecting another baby and hopes ____ will be a boy. A. he B. that C. it D. there 考点4. it 用以指身份不明的人

it 用以指身份不明的人。若指身份明确的人,则不宜 用 it。试比较: ① Mr. Smith is at the door. ___ wants to see you. ② Someone is at the door. ___ must be Mr. Smith. A. He B. It C. This D. That 答案:①He ②B 12. ------ Who‘s that? ------ ____ Professor Li. A. Its B. It‘s C. He‘s

D. This‘s

13. ------ Who knocked on the door? -----I‘ve no idea. I just pretended nobody was at home, so I didn‘t ask who _______ was. A. he B. that C. she D. it 考点5. 强调句型

14. ------ Who is making so much noise in the garden? ------ ____ the children. A. It is B. They are C. That is D. There are 15. Who was ____ that called him ―comrade‖? A. her B. that C. it D. one 考点6. I like it when…

在通常情况下,like 是及物动词,其后应有宾语 (句中 it 即为其宾语) 句中的 when 从句不是宾语 。 从句,而是时间状语从句,其中的 when 的意思是 ―当……的时候‖。其实,也有的词典将 I don‘t like it when (if) … 作为一个句型来处理。 能这样用的动词不多,主要的有 enjoy, like, dislike, love, hate, prefer, appreciate 等表示喜好的动词。 She won‘t like it if you arrive late. 她不喜欢你迟到。 He hates it when people use his bike. 他讨厌别人用他的自行车。 16. --Have you got used to your school life here? --Yes, but I don‘t like __ when we have to do exercises on cold winter morning A. that B. it C. those D. this

① It‘s half an hour‘s walk from here to our school.(指距离) ② It?s nice and warm here. (指天气、气候) ③ But it's two o'clock now, and it's time for us to go to school. (指时间) 10. They live on a busy main road. ____ must be very noisy. A. There B. It C. That D. They

Nothing is possible for a willing heart. (心之所愿,无所不成) A bold attempt is half success. (勇敢的尝试,是成功的一半)

7

高中英语语法通霸,适合高三复习,也适合高一高二学生学习

17. I dislike _______ when others laugh at me in public or think poorly of me behind. A. that B. those C. it D. them 18. I‘d prefer ___ if I didn‘t have to get up early on Sundays. A. that B. such C. it D. which 19. 【1998 全国】 hate ___ when people talk with their I mouths full. A. this B. that C. it D. you 20. 【2006 山东】I‘d appreciate ____ if you would like to teach me how to use the computer. A. that B. it C. this D. you 21. 【2004 全国 I】I like_____ in the autumn when the weather is clear and bright. A. this B. that C. it D. one 22. -Do you like ____ here? -- Oh, yes. The air, the weather, the way of life. Everything is so nice. A. this B. these C. that D. it 考点7. I can’t help it/ can help it/ can’t help doing/can’t help but do can't help doing= can‘t help but do 的:无法控制、忍不 住做某事、不能停止做某事 She talked too much;she couldn‘t help it / herself. He failed in the examination and couldn‘t help feeling sad. 他考试没通过,不由得不感到难过。 You can't help but respect them. 你不能不尊敬他们。 Sue doesn‘t always mean to be so rude but sometimes she just can't help herself. I always get angry with him. I just can't help it. can‘t help―不能制止,不能控制‖;那么 can help 就是 ―能制止,能控制住‖ 【2006 全国 I】If I can help_______, I don‘t like working late into the night. A. so B. that C. it D. them 本句的意思为―要是我能制止得住的话,我也不愿意 工作到深夜‖。又如: I can‘t help it if he doesn‘t come. 如果他不来, 我也没办法。 We can‘t help it that things went badly. 没有办法, 事情进展得不顺利。 23. 【2006 全国 I】If I can help_______, I don‘t like working late into the night. A. so B. that C. it D. them

24. 【2005 全国 1】—Oh dear ! I‘ve just broken a window . — ____ .It can‘t be helped . A.Never mind B.All right C.that‘s fine D.Not at all 考点8. make it 的用法

① 表示事业获得成功 You will make it if you try. 你会成功的,如果你努力的话。 He‘s never really made it as an actor. 他当演员从未有所成就。 ② 表示某人做成某事 You needn‘t worry; he will make it. 你不必担心,他会办成的。 I thought he would be too old to get to the top of the mountain, but he made it at last. 我原以为他年纪大爬不到山顶,但最后他还是爬上 去了。 ③ 表示设法做到某事 I‘ve been having violin lessons every two weeks, but I think I‘ll make it every week from now on. 我一直是每两个星期上一次小提琴课,但是我想从 现在起每个星期都上课。 ④ 表示及时抵达某地 We are too late; I don‘t think we can make it. 我们太迟了,我想我们难以准时赶到了。 The train won‘t leave for another ten minutes, so I think we can make it. 离开车还有 10 分钟,我想我们能赶得上。 ⑤ 表示约定时间 ―Shall we make it next week?‖ ―OK, let‘s make it next week.‖ ―下个星期可以吗?‖ ―好的,咱们就定在下个星期吧。‖ Let‘s make it at 8:30. Is that all right for you? 我们约定在 8 点半吧,这对你合适吗? ⑥ 表示病情好转 The doctor knew that the patient was unlikely to make it.医生知道那个病人没什么希望了。 25. 【2012 全国Ⅱ】Sarah made ___ to the airport just in time to catch her plane this morning. A. herself B. this C. that D. it

写作专练1.

使用好代词,写正确优美句子(P10)

如果说学习有捷径可走,那么它就是勤奋;如果说知识就是力量,那么它就是实践。

第二部分 专题过关测试

1. 【2007 湖南】To save class time, our teacher has ________ students do half of the exercise in class and complete the other half for homework. A. us B. we C. our D. ours 2. 【2007 浙江】—He got his first book published. It turned out to be a bestseller. —When was _____? —_____ was in 2000 when he was still in college. A. that; This B. this; It C. it; This D. that; It 3. For a number of pupils, their teacher‘s advice is more important than ____ of their parents‘. A. one B. that C. which D. what 4. Life in the city is different from ____ in the country. A. that B. one C. the ones D. which 5. ------ Mum, have you seen my mobile phone? ------ ____ you bought last week? I‘m afraid I haven‘t seen ____. A. The one; it B. The one; one C. One; it D. One; on 6. For Tim this was the beginning of a new life, ____ he thought he would never see. A. what B. that C. one D. it 7. ------ Excuse me, but can you tell me which road I should take to the post office? ------ ____ of the four roads will do. A. Any B. Either C. Both D. Every 8. ------ Can you come on Monday or Tuesday? ------ I‘m afraid ____ day is possible. A. neither B. either C. some D. any 9. 【2011 辽宁】- Would you like tea or coffee? - ______, thank you. I've just had some water. A. Either B. Both C. Any D. Neither 10. 【2008 福建】 –How do you find your new classmates? – Most of them are kind, but __ is so good to me as Bruce. A. none B. no one C. every one D. some one 11. Shanghai is really a fascinating city and we‘ve decided to stay for ___ two weeks. A. another B. other C. more D. the other 12. 【2010 全国 2】Neither side is prepared to talk to A. others B. the other C. another D. one other 13. Some of the wheat is from Canada. What about ________? A. another B. the other C. others D. the rest 14. 【2005 重庆】— Victor certainly cares too much about himself. — Yes. He‘s never interested in what ______ is doing. A. no one else B. anyone else C. someone else D. nobody else 15. 【2008 上海春】 Many fast-growing countries are less concerned with protecting ___against climate change. A. one B. oneself C. them D. themselves 16. 【2007 天津】He didn‘t make ________ clear when and where the meeting would be held. A. this B. that C. it D. these 17. 【2006 湖南】As the busiest woman in Norton, she made _________her duty to look after all the other people‘s affairs in that town. A. this B. that C. one D. it
Nothing is possible for a willing heart. (心之所愿,无所不成) A bold attempt is half success. (勇敢的尝试,是成功的一半)

unless we can smooth things over between them.

9

高中英语语法通霸,适合高三复习,也适合高一高二学生学习

18. ------ Who is making so much noise in the garden? ------ ____ the children. A. It is B. They are C. That is D. There are 19. I hate _______ if people say such things in public. A. that B. those C. it D. them 20. Will you see to _______ that my children are taken good care of while I am away? A. it B. me C. yourself D. them

第三部分 写作能力提升
写作专练1. 使用好代词,写出正确优美句子(参看 P 错误!未定义书签。 错误!未找到引用源。 )

1. 在我看来,我们学生应当遵守学校制度,做学校让我们做的事情。 (obey the regulations, whatever) 2. 在冬季,北京的天气比广州的天气冷得多。 (the weather of Beijing) 3. 张老师是一位非常受人尊重的老师,一位我们余生都不会忘记的老师。 most respected, one, for the rest of (a our lives. 4. 每个人都应关心环境。 我们中的每一个人都应当为保护环境做出贡献。 everyone, care about, the environment, ( every one, make a contribution to) 5. 一些人赞成这个主意。不过,另外一些人强烈反对。 (some, in favor of, however, strongly against) 6. 你尽可放心,他明天会按时来的,因为他是世界上最值得信赖的人。 (depend on it, turn up, reliable) 7. 到家我才意识到我把那本书遗忘在那里了。 你负责把那本书尽早寄过来好吗? (Not until, see to it, send back, as soon as possible) 8. 我非常喜欢这里,因为这里风景优美,空气清新。 (like, scenery, fantastic, the air, refreshing) 9. 站在山顶,看着这些巨大的岩石,你会情不自禁地想知道它们是如何形成的。 (gigantic rocks, can‘ help but wonder, come into being) 10. 相信你自己,尽自己最大努力,你迟早会成功的。 (believe in, make it)


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