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2013届高三英语一轮总复习精品课件:unit4(新人教版选修8)


2013届高三英语一轮总复习精品课件:unit 4(新人教版选修8)

佳 作 诵 读
晨 读 必 背·· · · · · · · · · · · · · 写 作 提 升 ·············· ·············

(2012·福建厦门市三校联考)假如你是李华,几天前你的同 学从某超市买回食品请同学吃,他们吃后

食物中毒,被送往医

院治疗后脱险。请给报社写一封信描述他们食物中毒及脱险的
经过,呼吁社会重视食品安全问题。

注意: (1)可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; (2)信的开头已经写好,但不计入总词数; (3)词数120左右。

Dear editor, I'm writing to tell you something about the problem of food safety. ___________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________
___________________________________________ Yours, Li Hua

【经典范文】 Dear_editor, I'm_writing_to_tell_you_something_about_the_problem_of_f ood_safety. A couple of days ago, one of my classmates bought a bag of food from a supermarket. Some roommates were invited to enjoy the food. Unfortunately, after finishing it, all of them got poisoned. They were quickly sent to a nearby hospital. They were out of danger soon after taking the medicine.

This accident made me realize the seriousness of the food safety problem. As we all know, more cases about food safety problem have appeared.As the old saying goes, food is what matters to the people. Food plays an important role in people's life. We should take all the measures necessary to forbid food producers to make unqualified food. Only when people are no longer worried about food safety can they enjoy a better life. Yours, Li_Hua

考 点 锁 定
明 确 目 标·· · · · · · · · · · · · · 基 础 自 清 ·············· ·············

Ⅰ.重点词汇 1.________n.结果;效果 2.________adj.(见解或判断上)错误的→________vt.弄错 3._____n.谈论;言论;评述vt.& vi.谈论;评论;说起

4.________vt.显露出(本来面目);背叛
5.________vt.谴责;使??注定

6.________n.相识;了解;熟人
7.________n.身份;地位;职位

8.________adj.优秀的;较高的;上级的n.上级;长官 9.________n.& vi.妥协;折衷 10.________adj.使人反感的;令人厌恶的 11.________vt.俯视;忽视;不理会

12.________vi.& vt.(使)褪色;减弱;逐渐消失
13.________vi.犹豫;踌躇________n.犹豫;踌躇

14.________vt.编排;分类;归类→____n.分类;归类

15.________n.机会;运气;大笔的钱→________adj.幸 运的

答案
1 . outcome 2.mistaken ; mistake 3.remark

4.betray5 . condemn
9.compromise

6.acquaintance

7.status
11.overlook

8.superior
12.fade 15.fortune;

10 . disgusting

13.hesitate;hesitation 14.classify;classification fortunate

Ⅱ.短语回顾 1.pass...off________...(把某人)改变或冒充成?? 2.________one's acquaintance结识;与??相见 3.a handful________一把;少量

4.________amazement惊愕地
5.________speaking一般说来

6.________terms of就??来说;从??角度
7.show...________带/领??进来→show________炫耀

8.________more再一次 9.in need________需要→________need处于困境中 10.fade________(声音、画面)逐渐模糊;渐淡 答案

1.as
8.once

2.make

3.of

4.in

5.generally

6.in

7.in;off

9.of;in

10.out

Ⅲ.句式填空 1.while/when+doing在句中作时间状语 ________(一边看),he makes notes. 2.do用于加强语气

Oh,________(买一枝花吧)off me, Captain.
3.“be of+抽象名词”表示“具有(某特征或属性)的”

Will that________(有用处的)to you?

4.every time作连词,引导时间状语从句 But they betray themselves________(每次)they open their mouths. 答案

1.While watching
4.every time

2.do buy a flower

3.be of any use

高 频 考 点
热 点 梳 理·· · · · · · · · · · · · · 分 层 突 破 ·············· ·············

考点单词 1.hesitate vi.犹豫;踌躇 A gentleman passes and hesitates for a moment. 有位先生从这儿经过,他迟疑了片刻。 hesitate to do sth.迟疑做某事;对做某事有顾虑 hesitate about/at/in/over doing sth.(做)某事犹豫不决 hesitate about...对??犹豫不决 without hesitation 毫不犹豫地

即境活用1

We are best friends. Don't ________ to turn to

me when you are in trouble.

A.beg
C.desire

B.hesitate
D.seek

[解析]hesitate犹豫。beg 乞求;seek 寻找;desire 渴望。
[答案]B

2.mistaken adj.错误的;不正确的 There you are and you were born in Lisson Grove if I am not mistaken. 你来了,如果我没有弄错的话,你出生在 Lisson Grove。 He may have been mistaken about what he saw. 他可能看错了。

be mistaken about...误解;对??持有错误的见解 be mistaken in doing sth.做某事是错误的 mistake...for把??错当成 by mistake错误地;弄错

make a mistake犯错误

即境活用2

He is________about what I said. B.scared D.taken

A.mistaken C.argued

[解析]be mistaken about对……误会。

[答案]A

3.classify vt.编排;分类;归类 The documents were then classified into four groups. 文件被分为四类。 These cows are now classified as a kind of rare animals. 这些奶牛现在被归为一种稀有动物。 classify sth. by/according to 根据??分类 classify...into 把??分类为 class sb./sth.as...把某人/物归入??;分等级

即境活用3

Their decision________Internet addiction as a

mental disease has caused much debate.

A.to classify
C.being classified

B.classifying
D.to be classified

[解析]现在分词作定语。
[答案]B

4.remark n.谈论;言论;评述vt.谈论;评说;说起 You can place a man by just a few remarks. 只需要几句话就可以判定一个人。 Don't make rude remarks about her appearance.

不要对她的容貌胡乱评论。
make a remark on/upon/about对??发表意见

make the remark that...评论;评说??
remark that...评论说??

remark on/upon...对??进行评论

即境活用4

It was his________he made at the conference

that left me wondering about his real purpose.

A.marks
C.symbols

B.remarks
D.signs

[解析]remarks言论,评述。mark 记号;symbol 象征;
sign 迹象。 [答案]B

5.condemn v.谴责;使??注定;判处 His bad leg condemned him to a wheelchair. 他的残腿使他不得不坐在轮椅上。 condemn sth.谴责某事

condemn sb. for...因??而谴责某人
be condemned to death被判死刑

condemn sb. to sth.
迫使(某人)处于(某种)状态;使某人注定??

condemn sb. to do sth.使某人注定做??

即境活用5

She will be________three years in jail at least

as a result of encouraging others to take drug.

A.condemned
C.condemning to

B.condemned to
D.condemning

[解析]be condemned to被判处。
[答案]B

6.compromise n.& vi.妥协;折衷 He asked more than I was willing to pay, so we compromised on a price. 他的要价超出我愿意付的数目,因而我们就价钱问题做了

折衷。
The dispute was settled by compromise. 那项争端以折衷方式解决。

make a compromise with与??妥协 compromise with sb. on...与某人就??妥协 by compromise通过妥协 reach a compromise达成议协

即境活用6

(2012· 湖 北 孝 感 市 统 考 )We need to

______with them on the price of the house.

A.compromise
C.argue

B.quarrel
D.consult

[解析]compromise 折衷。句意:我们需要与他们就房子的
价格做一下折衷。 [答案]A

7.overlook vt.俯视;未看到;忽视;不理会 Accidents happen when safety checks are overlooked. 忽视安全检查就会发生事故。 These little details are easily overlooked.

这些琐碎的细节很容易被忽略。
overlook the valley俯瞰山谷

overlook one's mistake原谅某人的过失

即境活用7

—Any good tips for me, Sir?

—Never________your shortcomings and try to improve yourself in every way. A.forget B.overlook

C.undertake

D.mistake

[解析]overlook忽视,不理会。

[答案]B

8.dismiss vt.开除;让??离开 Dismissing her fears, she climbed higher. 消除了恐惧,她爬得更高了。 Three workers were dismissed for being lazy.

三个工人因懒惰而被解雇。
dismiss sb.(from sth.)开除;解雇;让某人离开;消除

dismiss在表示“开除;解雇”时的同义词为send away;
反义词为take on或employ“雇佣”。

即境活用8

The boss threatened to________all the

employees who had expressed their sympathy for the strike.

A.disappear
C.dismiss

B.disagree
D.delay

[解析]dismiss开除,符合句意。delay延迟;disappear消失;
disagree不同意。 [答案]C

9.acquaintance n.相识;了解;熟人 I made his acquaintance at a party. 我是在一个聚会上认识他的。 He has some little acquaintance with the Japanese language.

他稍微会一点儿日语。
He has a wide circle of acquaintances.

他交友甚广。

make one's acquaintance结识;与??相见 make the acquaintance of sb.结识某人 acquaintance with sth./sb.对某事物/某人了解 on further acquaintance认识一段时间后

即境活用9 American actor.

At the hotel, I made the________of a young

A.acquaintance
C.performance

B.choice
D.difference

[解析]make the acquaintance of sb.与某人结识。choice选
择;performance表演;difference不同,区别。 [答案]A

10.betray vt.泄露(秘密),出卖,背叛 In failing to return the money he betrayed our trust. 他未能归还那笔钱而辜负了我们的信任。 His voice betrayed the worry he was trying to hide. 他的声音掩盖不了内心的担扰。

betray a secret to sb.向某人泄露秘密 betray one's trust辜负某人的信任 betray oneself暴露本来面目,原形毕露

即境活用10

He betrayed his friends________the enemy,

which surprised us all.

A.to
C.with

B.for
D.by

[解析]betray sb. to sb.向某人出卖某人。
[答案]A

考点短语 1.generally speaking 一般来说 Generally speaking, those who pay attention to physical exercise are in good health. 一般来说,那些注意体育锻炼的人身体健康状况良好。 Honestly speaking, I don't agree with you. 诚实地说,我不赞成你。

?honestly speaking诚实地说 ? ?strictly speaking严格地说 (1)? ?broadly speaking广义地说 ? personally speaking就我个人而言 ?
?in general总的来说,大体上 ? (2)? ?as a general rule一般而言;在通常情况下 ?

即境活用11

________, the more expensive the camera,

the better its quality.

A.General speaking
C.Generally speaking

B.Speaking general
D.Speaking generally

[解析]generally speaking一般说来。
[答案]C

2.in terms of...就??来说,从??角度 In terms of natural resources, it is one of the poorest countries in Western Europe. 从自然资源来看,它是西欧最穷的国家之一。

In terms of money I'm quite rich, but not in terms of
happiness. 金钱,我富有;幸福,我缺乏。

come to terms with达成协议,和好;接受,适应 be on good/bad terms关系良好/不好 in the long/short term就长/短期而言 in one's terms在某人看来

on equal terms在平等的条件下

即 境 活 用 12

(2012· 山 西 太 原 市 测 评 )This university

stands out________teaching equipment.

A.in face of
C.in terms of

B.in place of
D.in line with

[解析]in terms of就……而言。in face of 面对;in place of
代替;in line with 与……一致。 [答案]C

3.fade out(声音、画面)逐渐模糊;渐淡 The picture faded out over the time. 这张照片随着时光逐渐模糊。 【思维拓展】

fade away消失;逐渐减弱;褪色
fade in淡入;渐渐显示出;使渐强(指电影、电视中的画面

与声音)
fade up渐强(指电视、广播中的声音)

即境活用13 sky.

When day dawned, stars________from the

A.kept away
C.gave out

B.faded out
D.died out

[解析]fade out消失。keep away远离;give out用完,耗尽;
die out灭绝。 [答案]B

4.pass... off as(某人)冒充 She passed herself off as an experienced actress. 她冒充有经验的演员。

【思维拓展】 pass away消失;去世 pass by(时间)逝去 pass...down (from sb.) to sb.

把……传给……;把……往下传
pass...on to传递

pass out晕倒
pass through经历;体验

pass over忽略;省略

即 境 活 用 14 businessman in the war.

He passed himself off ________ a

A.as
C.at

B.by
D.with

[解析]pass off...as冒充。
[答案]A

5.show...in带/领??进来 Show her in, Mrs Pearce. 珀斯夫人,领她进去。

【思维拓展】 show sb. out领某人出去 show sb. into领某人进入 show sb. around/round领某人参观

show sb. to the door送某人到门口
show off炫耀

show up出席;到场

即境活用15

(2012·江苏栟茶中学调研)Poor as she was,

she was eager for attention.Thus she had to think of borrowing

some jewels to ________at the party.
A.show up B.show out

C.show in

D.show off

[解析]show off 炫耀。show up 出席;show out 领某人出去; show in 领某人进去。 [答案]D

重点句型 1.What if I was?如果我是又怎么样? what if 是一种省略句型,表示“假如??将会是怎样;即 使??又有什么要紧”之意。 What if the customs officer finds out that you have lost your passport?假如海关官员发现你丢失了护照,怎么办? What if I fail again? I can at least draw a lesson from this. 即使我失败了又能怎么样?我至少可以从中汲取教训。

对比:So what?那又怎么样? —He doesn't like your suggestion. 他不喜欢你的建议。 —So what? Anyway, the majority are for it.

那又怎么样?反正,多数都支持。

即境活用16 A.So what C.If

________he gets angry? B.What if D.Whether

[解析]what if倘使……怎么办。

[答案]B

2.How about beginning with the alphabet? 先从字母教起怎么样? How/What about...?是常用句型,介词about后可接名词、 代词、动名词,多用于征求意见。注意:征求对方对某事或某

人的看法时还可以用下列句型:
What do you think of...?询问某人或某物稳定的特点或某 人的相貌、性格。 How do you like/find...?询问容易变化的特征,如天气、 旅途或电影、电视、比赛等。

What is/are...like?询问天气或某人、某物的外表特征。 How about going for a walk?去散步好吗? What do you think of the customs here? 你认为这儿的风俗如何?

How do you find your new job?
你认为你的新工作怎么样?

What's the weather like in London?
伦敦的天气怎么样?

即境活用17

________going to the cinema tonight? B.How D.So how

A.How about C.What

[解析]How about doing sth.做某事怎么样?

[答案]A

3.Will that be of any use to you?那对你有用吗? be of+n.具有??(特征/属性),相当于be+(相应的)形容 词。 be of use=be useful

I don't think the new book is of any use to me.
我觉得这本新书对我没有用处。

【思维拓展】 be of great/little/no use非常有用/几乎无用/没用 be of great/little/no value非常有价值/几乎没有价值/没有价 值

be of great/little/no importance非常重要/不大重要/不重要

The suggestion given by him is of great use to us. 他提出的建议对我们很有用。 The young man is of great importance in deciding the future of his family.

这个年轻人对于决定他家族的未来有着很重要的作用。

即境活用18 A.in C.with

This book is________great value for you. B.of D.at

[解析]of great value有价值。

[答案]B

课 堂 双 基
紧 扣 考 点·· · · · · · · · · · · · · 跟 踪 训 练 ·············· ·············

Ⅰ.词义辨析 1.Having retired from business, he now ________ himself with the welfare of the disabled and lives a meaningful life. A.associates B.occupies

C.charges

D.rewards

[解析]occupy oneself... with sth. 忙于??。

[答案]B

2.Eggs are ________ by weight as Extra Large, Large, Medium, and Small.

A.separated
C.arranged

B.distributed
D.classified

[ 解 析 ]classify 分 类 。 separate 分 开 ; distribute 分 配 ;
arrange 安排。 [答案]D

3.She tried to pretend to be calm, but her voice ________ her nervousness.

A.betrayed
C.faded

B.condemned
D.bothered

[解析]betray 背叛,出卖。condemn 谴责;fade 消褪;
bother 烦扰。 [答案]A

4.Bryant was ________ from his job when he was caught stealing money.

A.undertaken
C.dismissed

B.committed
D.indicated

[解析]dismiss 开除,解雇。undertake 承担;commit 犯;
indicate 预示。 [答案]C

5.The mayor was strongly ________ by the public for the city's high crime rate.

A.charged
C.argued

B.accused
D.condemned

[解析]condemn 谴责。charge 控告;accuse 指责;argue
争论。 [答案]D

6.He has been dreaming of making a________ . A.pence C.fortune B.credit D.status

[解析]make a fortune 发财。pence 便士;credit 信用;

status 身份。
[答案]C

7.The clothes a person wears may express his ________ or social position.

A.curiosity
C.determination

B.status
D.significance

[解析]status 身份,地位。curiosity 好奇心;determination
决心;significance 意义。 [答案]B

8.These details are easily ________, so you should pay attention to them.

A.classified
C.compromised

B.overlooked
D.resisted

[ 解 析 ]overlook 忽 视 。 classify 分 类 ; resist 抵 抗 ;
compromise 折衷。 [答案]B

9 . Hopes of finding the missing climbers are now beginning to________.

A.reduce
C.fade

B.faint
D.sink

[解析]fade 消褪。reduce 减少;faint 晕眩;sink 下沉。
[答案]C

10.This medicine turned out to be quite ________ against cancer.

A.effective
C.sensitive

B.accessible
D.convenient

[解析]effective 有效的。accessible 可接近的;sensitive 敏
感的;convenient 方便的。 [答案]A

Ⅱ.短语填空 in terms of; in need of; apart from; take...for...; pass...off; fade out; shelter from; take down; hold up; deal with 1.There is rarely any attempt to ________ these copies

________ as originals.
2.Will all those in favour________ the right hand? 3.We sat in the shade, ________ the sun. 4.Have you any concrete thoughts on how to ________this difficulty?

5.The idea seemed to ________ and the club was never formed.

6.She carefully ________ my name and phone number in
her book.

7.________their house in London, they also have a villa in
Spain. 8 . I won't tell her the secret—what do you ________ me________? 9.The house is ________ a thorough cleaning before we move in.

10 . The job is great ________ salary, but it has its disadvantages.

答案
1.pass; off 2.hold up 3.sheltering from 4.deal with

5.fade out
of

6.took down 7.Apart from

8.take;for

9.in need

10.in terms of

Ⅲ.单词拼写

1.Luckily, he made a________(大笔的钱) by dealing with
foreigners. 2.If you have any questions, please don't________(犹豫)to ask me. 3.Today's computers are________(优秀的)to any one we had ten years ago. 4.Let's________(折衷)and each pay half the damages.

5 . We must think how we can make the room
more________(舒服的)for you.

6.If I'm not________(错误的),that's the man we saw on the bus.

7.We can________(俯视)the sea from the window of our
room.

8.That was a really________(可怕的)thing to say!
9.He was________(判刑)to death for murder and later hanged. 10.Our happiness began to________(减弱) and our heart began to grow heavy.

答案 1 . fortune 5.comfortable 9.condemned 2.hesitate 6.mistaken 10.fade 3.superior 7.overlook 4.compromise 8.horrible


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