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过去式


动词过去式
一、动词过去式规则变化 1. 一般情况下,在动词原形后直接加-ed, 如: play—played; order—ordered; wash—washed; mind—minded; discuss—discussed; snow—snowed ; agree—agreed ; walk—walked ; water—watered ; visit—visi

ted ; stay—stayed;talk—talked;look—looked;remember—remembered;clean—cleaned; wait—waited ; rain—rained ; cook—cooked ; relax—relaxed ; report—reported ; enjoy—enjoyed; pass—passed; turn—turned; start—started; ask—asked; work—worked; answer—answered;thank—thanked;watch—watched;call—called;need—needed; help—helped;want—wanted;join—joined;show—showed;listen--listened, 2. 以字母 e 结尾的动词,直接加-d, 如:decide—decided; practice—practiced; describe—described; improve—improved; like—liked; arrive—arrived; hope—hoped; live—lived; dislike—disliked; use—used; dance—danced 3. 重读闭音节单词需双写最后一个辅音字母,再加-ed, (重读闭音节是指以辅音字母+元 音字母+辅音字母结尾的单词) 如:stop-stopped;prefer-preferred 4. 以辅音字母+y 结尾的 y 变为 i,再加-ed, 如:cry—cried;study—studied;carry—carried;worry—worried; 二、不规则动词过去式记忆规律 不规则动词的变化规则作了归纳整理,分为以下几类 1. 把动词原形中的 o 改为 a,变成过去式。过去分词不变.如: become—became, come—came 2.把动词原形中的 i 改为 a,变成过去式。如: begin—began, drink—drank, give—gave, ring—rang, sing—sang, sit—sat, swim —swam,sink—sank 3.把动词原形中的 i 改为 o,变成过去式。如: drive—drove,ride—rode,shine—shone,win—won,write—wrote 4.动词原形中的 e 改为 o,变成过去式。如: get—got,forget—forgot 5.动词原形中的 eep 改为 ept,变成过去式。如:

keep—kept,sleep—slept,sweep—swept 6. 动词原形中的 an 改为 oo,变成过去式。如: stand—stood,understand—understood 7.改动词原形中的 aw /ow 为 ew,变成过去式。如: draw—drew, grow—grew, know—knew, throw—threw (动词 show 除外, show—showed) 8.动词原形中的 eak 改为 oke,变成过去式。如: break—broke,speak—spoke 9.动词原形中的 ell 改为 old,变成过去式。如: sell—sold,tell—told 10.以 ought 和 aught 结尾,且读音是[ :t]的过去式。如: bring—brought,buy—bought,think—thought,catch—caught,teach—taught 11.以 ould 结尾且读音为[ud]的情态动词过去式。如: can—could,shall—should,will—would 12.在动词原形后加 d 或 t 变成过去式,并且发生音变。如: hear[hi ]—heard[h :d] say[sei]—said[sed] , ,mean[mi:n]—meant[ment] , dream—dreamt [dremt] 13.动词的过去式与动词原形一样。如: cut—cut, hit—hit, hurt—hurt, let—let,must—must,put—put,read—read [red] ,set—set 14. 动词的过去式有两种形式。如: dream—dreamed/ dreamt learn—learnt/ learned shine—shone/ shined smell—smelt/ smelled wake—woke/ waked 15.不符合上述规律的动词过去式。如: Am/is—was,are—were,build—built,do—did,eat—ate,fall—fell, feel—felt,find—found,fly—flew,go—went,have /has— had,hide—hid, hold—held,lay—laid,leave—left,lie—lay,lose—lost,make—made,may— might,run—ran,see—saw, smell—smelt,take—took,wake—woke, wear—wore

过去时练习 写出下列动词的过去式 is\am_________ fly_______ plant________ are ________ drink_________ play_______ go________ make ________ does_________ dance________ worry________ ask _____ taste_________ eat__________ draw________ put ______ throw________ kick_________ pass_______ do ________ 1.It was exciting. 否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________ 2.All the students were very excited. 否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________ 3. They were in his pocket. 否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________ 一、用 be 动词的适当形式填空 1. 2. 3. 4. I ______ an English teacher now. She _______ happy yesterday. They _______ glad to see each other last month. Helen and Nancy ________ good friends.

5. The little dog _____ two years old this year. 6.Look, there ________ lots of grapes here. 7.Today _____ the second of June. 8. Yesterday ______ the first of June. 9. It _____ Children’s Day. 10. All the students ______ very excited.

一、用行为动词的适当形式填空 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. He _________ (live) in Xuanwu two years ago. The cat ________ (eat) a bird last night. We _______ (have) a party last Halloween. Nancy ________ (pick) up oranges on the farm last week. I ________ (make) a model ship with Mike yesterday. They ________ (play) chess in the classroom last PE lesson. My mother _______ (cook) a nice food last Spring Festival. The girls ________ (sing) and _______ (dance) at the party.

二、句型转换 1. Su Hai took some photos at the Sports day. 否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________ 2. Nancy went to school early. 否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________ 3. We sung some English songs. 否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________ 总结:1.句中没有 be 动词的一般过去时句子改成否定句 didn’t+动词原形; 2.句中没有 be 动词的一般现在时句子改为否定句 do+动词原形 3.居中有 be 动词或情态动词的句子直接在 be 动词后加 not 变为否定句 4.一般疑问句在句首加 did,动词变回原形 1. I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday. 2. Her father _______ (read) a newspaper last night. 3. We _________ (go) to zoo yesterday, we _____ (go) to the park today. 4. ______(do) you _______ (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival? 5. ______(do) he _______ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______.(一般疑问句) 8. What ______(do)she _______ (find) in the garden last morning?

9. She __________ (find) a beautiful butterfly.

一、用动词的适当形式填空 1. It ______ (be) Ben’s birthday last Friday. 2. We all ______ (have) a good time last night. 3. He ________ (jump) high on last Sports Day. 4. Helen ________ (milk) a cow on Friday. 5. She likes ______(read)newspapers, but she ______ a book yesterday. (read) 8. _______ they ________ (sweep) the floor on Sunday? No, they _____. 9. I _______ (watch) a cartoon on Monday. 10. We ___________ (go) to school on Sunday. 一、用动词的适当形式填空 1. 2. 3. 6. 7. 9. It _____ (be) the 2nd of November yesterday. Gao Shan ________ (put) the book on his head a moment ago. Don’t ______ the house. Mum _______ it yesterday. (clean) I want to ______(pick) apples. But my dad _______(pick) all of them last month. _______ he ______ the flowers this morning? Yes, he _____. (water) The students often _________ (draw) some pictures in the art room.

clean- finish- wash- help-cook- phone- paint- watch-listen- play- walk- stayinvent- print- climb- kiss-live- play- happen- bump-

put- cut- read- hurtis-are- get- dogo- eat- learn- ride- have- buy- see- wearfall- make- take- say-come- give- win-


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过去时 | 过去式变化规则 | 失态 | 过去式大全 | 不规则动词 | 一般过去时 | 一般过去式 | eggache |
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