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人教版英语必修一Unit5知识点(班二)


必修一 Unit5 知识点(班二)
1、devoted adj 忠诚的,挚爱的;全心全意的 搭配: be devoted to 忠诚于…….. 致力于…….. Monica is a devoted friend. 莫尼卡是一位忠实的朋友。 devote vt 献身,致力,专心 devotion n 挚爱,关爱,关照;奉献 搭配: devote oneself to …… 献身于……. devote one’s life/time to sb/sth 把生命/时间献给某人/某事 devote…..to…… 把……用于……. Qian Xuesen devoted himself entirely to science. 钱学森的一生都献给了科学事业。 I don’t think we should devote any more time to this problem. 我认为我们不应该在这个问题上再花时间。 He devoted his life to helping blind people. 他献出了一生来帮助盲人。 注意: (1)devote 的宾语可以是 oneself, one’s life, time, patience, energy 等名词(词组) (2)devote…..to…… 和 be devoted to ……中的 to 均为介词,其后接名词、代词或动名词 (动词+ing)作宾语。 练习: 用 devote 的适当形式填空。 (1)She has been working in the forests for about 10 years, ________ herself to researching wildlife. (2)Her _________ to the job left her with very little free time. 单项选择 Heroes ____ their life ________ becoming the best they can be, whether it is President of the United States, a mother, or a firefighter.(消防队员) A prevent; from B devote; to C prefer; to D. suffer; from 2、sentenced to prison for life on Robben Island for being one of the ANC leaders. 因为是非国大的的领导人之一,所以被判决终身监禁于罗本岛。 sentence vt & n (1)vt 判决;宣判(常与介词 to 连用) 搭配: be sentenced to 被判处……(徒刑) be sentenced to death 被判处死刑 He was sentenced to fifteen years in prison. 他被判处 15 年徒刑。 1

The prisoner was sentenced to pay a fine of 7,000 yuan. 那名犯人被判处 7000 元罚款。 (2) n 判决,判刑 She received an eight-year prison sentence. 她被判八年徒刑。 The prisoner has served his sentence and will be released tomorrow. 犯人已服刑期满,明天将获释。 练习: 完成句子 (1)那个盗贼被判 5 年徒刑。 The thief ____________________ 5 years in prison. (2)那个杀害了两个人的杀人犯被判了死刑。 The murderer ______________________________________ after killing two people. 单项选择 (1 )Since this is the first time you have broken the law, I’m going to give you a light ___C______. A. judge B. prison C. sentence D. blame (2)The criminal,who was ________ to four years in prison by the judge last week, is 21years old. A. caught B. sentenced C. killed D. put 3、Why did Nelson Mandela turn to violence to make black and white people equal? 为什么纳尔逊.曼德拉会使用暴力来使黑人和白人平等? turn to 向….求助(求助于……);致力于…….; 翻到……; 转向…… Nobody seems to understand. I don’t know who to turn to. 似乎没有人懂。我不知道该向谁求助。 Turn to Page 80, please. 请翻到第 80 页。 She turns her efforts to a book. 她致力于写一本书。 注意:动词短语 turn to 中的 to 为介词,因此其后跟名词、代词或动名词。 衔接: turn on 打开(水龙头、煤气、电灯等) turn off 关上(水龙头、煤气、电灯等) turn up 出现,到场;调高(声音等) turn down 拒绝(请求);调低(声音等) turn in 上交;转身进入 turn over 翻转;翻身 turn out 结果是,证明是;生产(产品) Why did she turn down your invitation? 她为什么拒绝你的邀请?

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Only a few guns have been turned in so far. 时至今日只上缴了少数几支枪。 Despite our worries everything turned out well. 尽管我们都很担心,结果一切都顺利。 练习: 1、They promised to go with us but they didn’t _________ until we waited for quite a long time. 2、Everywhere you come across danger, you can _____________ the police. 3、He said that he was a doctor, but later he ___________ to be a cheat. 4、I sent her an email inviting her to my birthday party. However, I _____________. 5、What are you reading, Tom? I’m not reading, just _____________ the pages. 4、As a matter of fact, I do not like violence……but in 1963 I helped him blow up some government buildings. 事实上,我并不喜欢暴力…….但是 1963 年的时候,我帮助他炸毁了一些政府大楼。 as a matter of fact (1)事实上;其实;说真 It’s a nice place. We’ve stayed there by ourselves, as a matter of fact. 那个地方不错。其实,我们自己在那儿待过。 (2)(表示不同意)事实上,其实 I thought the work would be difficult. As a matter of fact, it’s very easy. 我原以为这项工作会很难,事实上却很容易。 链接: “事实上,实际上”的多种表达法: in fact actually in truth in reality

in effect

练习: (1)同义句转换 The boy looks stupid, but actually he is very clever. The boy looks stupid, but ___ _____ _____ _____ _______he is very clever. 5、They said that the job and the pay from the new South African government were my reward after working all my life for equal rights for the Blacks. 他们说从南非新政府得到的这份工作和报酬是我毕生为争取黑人的平等权利而斗争所得到 的回报。 reward n & vt (1)n 【C,U】 奖励;报酬;奖赏(后接介词 for,表示原因) In reward, I will give you a cellphone. 作为回报,我将给你一部手机。 She worked hard without any hope of reward. 她辛勤工作,丝毫不期待报酬。 3

Winning the match was just reward for the effort the team had made. 赢得比赛的胜利是全队付出努力应得的回报。 (2)vt 酬谢,报答 搭配 reward sb with sth 用某物酬谢某人 reward sb for (doing) sth 为(做)某事而酬谢某人 He rewarded me with a prize. 他给了我一份奖品作为酬谢。 He rewarded the cleaners for their efforts. 他对清洁工的努力作出了奖赏。 拓展: in reward 作为回报 in reward for=in return for 作为对……的报答=as a reward for……作为对…..报酬/奖赏 reward ,award 和 prize 的辨析 (1)reward 重在“报答,酬谢” (2)award( vt. 授予;判定 n. 奖品;判决),award 强调“荣誉上的奖” (3)prize 多指各类竞赛中所获得的“奖,奖金”。 练习: 用 reward, award 或 prize 的适当形式填空。 (1)Anyone who can find my lost dog and return it to me can receive a $500___________. (2)He was nominated(提名)for the best actor ______. (3)In this month’s competition you could win a ________ worth $3,000. 6、It was a prison from which no one escaped. 那是一座任何人都逃不出去的监狱。 escape v & n (1)vi 逃跑;逃离(常与介词 from 连用) Two men have escaped from Durham jail. 两名孩子从达勒姆监狱逃脱。 (2)vt 逃脱;逃避 搭配:escape doing sth 逃脱做某事 He was lucky to escape punishment(being punished). 他幸运地逃脱了惩罚。 (3)vt 被忘掉,被忽视,未被注意(不用被动语态) His phone number escaped me. 我记不起他的电话号码了。 (4)n 逃走,逃脱 The robber made his escape in disguise. 那个抢劫犯伪装之后逃走了。

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拓展: make one’s escape 逃跑 a fire escape 消防通道 escape death 死里逃生

have a narrow/near escape 九死一生 escape from….. 从….逃跑 escape+ being done 逃脱被……

7、Elias went to see Nelson Mandela when he was in trouble. 伊莱亚斯在有麻烦时去见纳尔逊.曼德拉。 in trouble 处于困难或险境中 Do as you’re told, or you’ll be in trouble. 叫你怎么做就怎么做,否则你会有麻烦。 He’s in trouble with the police. 他犯事落入警察手里。 We should lend a hand to those people in trouble. 我们应该帮助那些处于困境中的人。 拓展: get into trouble 陷入困境 make/cause trouble 惹事生非 ask for trouble 自找麻烦;自寻烦恼 take trouble doing sth 尽力/尽心做某事 take the trouble to do sth 不辞劳苦做某事 一言助记 Don’t trouble (vt.) trouble(n.) till trouble(n.) trouble (vt.) you. 麻烦没找你,你别找麻烦。 链接: “(be) in +抽象名词”表示处于某种状态 be in danger 处于危险中 be in peace 处于和平状态之中 be in control 在控制下 be in silence 在沉默中 be in love 在相爱中 be in place 在适当位置 1、完成句子。 (1)要不是你帮忙,我就有麻烦了。 But for your help, I’d be ______________________. (2)不必费力做那件事。 There is no need ______________________________________ it. 8、lost heart 丧失信心;丧失勇气 Don’t lost heart. All will turn out well. 不要失去信心,一切都会好起来的。 5

In spite of all the difficulties, they never lose heart. 尽管有这么多困难,但他们从未失去过信心。 拓展: lose one’s heart to sb/sth 爱上某人/某物 heart and soul 全心全意 learn sth by heart 背诵;牢记 put one’s heart into 对……全力以赴 He lost his heart to Mary at first sight. 他一看到玛丽就爱上了她。 The boy has lost his heart to books and shows no interest in other things. 对别的事情不感兴趣。 链接: lose weight 减肥 lose one’s sight 失明

这个男孩爱上了书,

lose one’s temper 发脾气 lose one’s way 迷路

练习: 用 lose 的相关短语填空 (1)You’d better take the compass along in case you _______________ in the mountain. (2)Nobody can succeed without experience failure, so don’t ________________. (3)The moment the little girl saw the puppy she ________________ to it. 用 heart 的相关短语填空。 (1)_______________ your work, and you’ll succeed in no time. (2)We should _______ English words _______________, 9、Sadly I did not have one because I was not born there, and I worried about whether I would become out of work. 糟糕的是我没有一个证件,因为我不是在那里出生的,我担心我是不是会失业。 out of work 失业(表示状态) Now that she is out of work, Lucy has been considering going back to school., but she hasn’t decided yet. 由于露西失业乐儿,她一直在考虑回校上学,但是还没作出决定。 链接: In work 有工作 go to work 去上班 at work 在工作中,在上班 after work begin/start work 开始工作 注意: be out of work——be in work lose one’s job——find a job

下班后

(反义词组,表状态) (反义词组,表动作)

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链接: out of……..常有“出于,由于;缺乏,没有;放弃,丧失;越出…..之外”等意义。 out of question 毫无疑问 out of sight 看不见 out of order 出故障;有毛病 out of reach 够不到;够不着 out of mind 心不在焉 out of trouble 摆脱麻烦 out of place 不在原来的位置;不得体;不恰当 练习: 1、用 work 的相关短语填空 (1)He is in a difficult situation, for he has been ________________ for half a year. (2)Remember not to disturb me when I’m _________________. (3)My father usually ___________________ on foot. (4)___________ she went to the kindergarten to pick up her son. 10.fight against sth. 反对某事 Eg:He fought against the German...(P33 Character2) [拓展] fight for sth. 争取某事 fight with... ①与某人并肩作战;②=fight against 11. quality 品质,质量 [拓展] be of good/high/poor/bad/low~ 上等/优质/劣质的 The shoes I bought yesterday is of good quality. 12. equal adj. 平等的;相等的;胜任的 n. 对手;匹敌;同辈;相等的事物 .be equal to sth/ doing sth 等同于,能胜任 He is equal to any job you give. 他能胜任一切你给予的工作。 He has no equal in music. 他在音乐方面没有匹敌。 词汇 1.This new computer is of high q_______ and is not expensive, either. 2.Norman Bethune f________ against the German Nazis and Japanese invaders during World War Ⅱ. 3.Some of the films are full of v_______. Too much fighting is not good for young kids to watch. 4.Black people are born e______ to the whites so they should share the same rights as them. 5.Since I was better ___________(受教育), I got a job working in an office. 6.It was a prison from which no one ______________(逃脱).

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阅读下面短文,根据以下提示:1)汉语提示,2)首字母提示,3)语境提示,在每个空格 内填人一个适当的英语单词,所填单词要求意义准确,拼写正确,并将该词完整地写在答题 卡中相应的横线上。 Many of us were raised with the saying "Waste not, want not.” None of us, (76) _h completely avoid waste in our lives. Any kind of waste is thoughtless. Whether we waste our potential talents, our own time, our limited natural(77) (资源),our money, or other people's time, each of us can become more . It's a good feeling to , can

aware and careful. The smallest good habits can make a big (78) _d know in our hearts we are doing our(79)b on( 80)

in a world that is in serious trouble. By focusing

___(节省)oil, water, paper, food, and clothing, we are playing a part (81)

cutting down on waste. We must keep reminding (82) (白己)that it is easier to get into something (83)

it is to get out of it. Actually, severe damage( 84)d ____to our land is fairly recent in the history of our evolution. It's time for us to( 85)____no to waste so that our grandchildren’s children will be able to develop well. We can't solve all the problems of waste, but we can encourage mindfulness. Waste not!

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