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2015 高考英语考纲词汇表(最新归类整理和按字母排序)
look 的常用短语: look up … in 查找 look sb. up and down 上下打量 look back to/ upon 回顾 look upon…as 把… 看作 look forward to 期待 look through 浏览; 看穿 take a new look 呈现新面貌 f

ear 的常用短语: in fear 害怕地 (be) in fear of 害怕 for fear of/ that 担心;生怕 concentrate 的常用短语: concentrate on 专心… concentrate one’s mind on 专心于… 类似的短语: fix one’s mind upon focus on put one’s heart into focus one’s mind on surprise 常用短语: in surprise 惊讶地 to one’s surprise 使某人惊讶的是 be surprise at/to do/that 对某事感到惊讶 表示“穿衣”的动作或状态的词和短语 1.表示动作的有: pull on put on dress dress sb 2. 表示状态的有: wear be in be dressed in have … on 常见表“喜欢”的短语和单词 like care for be attached to be keen on be fond of take delight in… trouble 的常用短语: have much trouble / no trouble (in) doing 在… 有/没有困难 take great trouble to do 不辞辛劳做某事 put sb to the trouble of doing … 为难某人做某事 make trouble 捣乱 be in (great) trouble 惹麻烦;处在困境中 help sb. out of trouble 帮某人摆脱困境 end 的常用短语: come to an end……结束



put an end to 结束…… on end 竖起, 连续 in the end 终于; 最后 end up (by) doing…以……结束 make both ends meet 收支相抵 表示“导致” 、 “由…引起”的短语: 1. 导致 cause sth. (to do) result in lead to 2. 由……引起 be caused by result from grow out of lie in 表“全力以赴”的短语: do / try one’s best spare no efforts to do take great pains to do go all out to do do what somebody can (do) to do do all somebody can (do) to do direction 常用短语: in (the ) direction of….朝……方向 under the direction of ...在……的指导下 follow the directions 照说明去做 far 常用短语: far from (being)离……要求相差很远 far from +(a place)距离某地很远 far away 遥远 so far 到目前为止; 那么远 as far as sb. knows/sees 据某人所知 by far (最高级前,比较级后)起强调作用 distance 常用短语: in the distance 在远处 from/ at a distance 从远处 keep sb. at a distance 于某人保持一定距离 It is no distance at all.不远 use 常用短语: used to do 过去曾经、常做 be used to doing …习惯于…… be used to do 被用来做…… make good/ full use of 充分利用…… come into use 开始使用…… it is no use doing …干……没有用 “出了什么事”的几种不同表达 What’s wrong with….? What’s the matter with…? What’s the trouble with…? What happened (to sb.) ? “众所周知”常用表达法: It is known to all that…主语从句,that 不能省 As is known to all,定语从句,置于句首 We all know (that)后接宾语从句 Everyone knows (that)后接宾语从句 , which is known to all.非限定从句,置于句末 表“同意某人意见”的常用短语:

2015 高考英语考纲词汇表(最新归类整理和按字母排序)
agree with sb. /what sb. said agree to sth. approve (of) sth. in favour of sth. be agreeable to sth. be for sth. “不同意” disagree with sb./ what sb. said object to sth. disapprove (of) sth. be against sth. sign 的常用短语: sign one’s name 签名 sign to sb (not) to do sth. 示意某人(不)做某事 signs of … ……的迹象 would rather 与 prefer 的区别 1.宁愿做……而不做…… would rather do A than do B prefer A to B prefer to do A rather than do B 2. would rather 主语 + 过去式,表示“宁愿” eg. I would rather you came tomorrow than today. should prefer sb. to do sth./ should prefer 主 语 + 过去式,表示“比较喜欢……” eg. I should prefer you not to go there alone. OR: I should prefer that you did not go there alone. trap 常用短语 be caught in a trap 落入圈套 be led into a trap 中圈套 set a trap to do sth.设圈套…… be trapped in sth.被…..所围困 grow 常用短语 in the grow of 在….成长中 grow up 长大; 成长 grow rich on 靠….. 变富 grow into 长成…… grow out of 由…..引起/滋生出 make 常用短语 be made up of =consist of 由……组成 make up for 弥补 be made from/ of 由……造成 make up 编造;组成;化妆 be made into 制成…… make fun of 取笑; 嘲弄 make a living 谋生 supply, provide, offer 的区别: 1.表示“向某人提供某物” supply / provide sb. with sth. supply / provide sth. for sb. supply sth. to sb. offer sb. sth. 2. 表示“主动提出做某事” offer to do sth. 3. 表示“倘使” 、 “假如” provided / providing that

= on condition that =only if 4. 表示“满足需要”supply / meet a need. supply 的常用短语 in short supply 缺乏,不足 medical/military supply 医疗/军用品 supplies of…许多 lack 的常用短语 be lacking in sth. 在……不足 make up for the lack of 弥补……的不足 for/by/from/through lack of… 由于…不足,缺乏 have no lack of 不缺 damage 的常用短语 do damage/harm to 对……有害 cause damage to 对……造成损害 ask for damage 要求赔偿 die of 与 die from 的区别 die of 表示“死于……病”或冻死、气死,或死于 过度悲伤。 die of cancer/grief/hunger/anger/cold die from 表示死于外伤、事故、劳累过度。如: die from polluted air/overwork/sword thrust die 常用短语 die for one’s country 为国捐躯 die down 熄灭、平息 die off 绝种、枯死 die away 消逝、静下来 die a heroic death 英勇牺牲 threaten 常用短语 threaten sb. with sth.用……威胁某人 threaten to do…威胁做…… under the threat of…在……的威胁下 speed 常用短语 speed up 加速 at the speed of…以…..的速度 with great speed 迅速 aim 常用短语 take aim at 瞄准 reach an aim 达到目的 aim at 瞄准、针对 permit 与 allow 的区别 表“允许做某事”或“允许某人做某事”用法基本 相同。 permit/allow doing sth. permit/allow sb. to do sth. permit /allow of sth 一般在独立主格结构中表示“时间、条件等许可” , 多用 permit Time/Weather permitting, I’ll drop in on her. allow 还可以表示“承认” 、 “考虑到” 。例如: 1. We allow him to be wronged. 2. will take an hour to go there, allowing for traffic delays. means 常用短语 by means of 通过….., 靠…… by this means/ in this way 用这种方法 by no means/in no case 决不 by all means 用一切办法

2015 高考英语考纲词汇表(最新归类整理和按字母排序)
keep 常用短语 keep up with 紧跟….. keep sb. doing sth.让某人一直做 keep sb. from doing sth.阻止…..做…… keep off the grass 勿踏草地 keep to the point 紧扣主题 keep in touch with 与……保持联系 mark 常用短语 make one’s mark 成功、出名 be marked with 标明 gain/get full marks for ……得满分 seat 常用短语 take one’s seat 坐下 have a seat 请坐 see/find sb. seated 看见/发现某人坐在…. be seated 就座, 坐着 seat oneself in/at/on 使自己坐在…… 部分 动词+ to + doing 的用法 look forward to get down to object to devote… to… pay attention to prefer…to… give 常用短语 give up 放弃 give in 让步\屈服 give off 散发出 give away 赠送、泄漏 give rise to 引起…… give out 疲劳、用完、散发出 fit 常用短语 be fit for 适合 keep fit/keep healthy 保持健康 be fit to do 适合于….. fit in with 适应…… a nice fit 合身的衣服 …fit sb.某人穿….. 合身 reach 常用短语 reach an agreement 达成协议 reach for…伸手去拿/够…… within / out of reach 够得到/够不着 reach sb’s understanding 使某人明白 一 make a choice 做出选择 keep up with 跟上 赶上 keep pace with 与……同步 plenty of \a number of 大量 roll up 变成卷形 ; 卷起 dress up 打扮;装饰;盛装 in one’s opinion 按……看法;依……的观点; have faith in = believe in play a trick on 开……玩笑;欺骗某人 to one’s joy\delight 使 某人高兴 take in 摄取;欺骗 call on 访问;号召;邀请 bring back 拿回;使恢复 day and night 日日夜夜 pay off 还清;付清 earn\make money 挣、赚钱

act out 表演;付出行动 a great deal of (修饰不可数)大量;许多 test on 在……上做实验 try on around the corner 即使来临;在拐角处 die down (声音)变弱;平息;消失 come to terms with 甘心忍受 take possession of 占有;占领 make up 组成;构成;占…… turn to 开始干;求助于;转向 go sailing 驾船航行;帆船运动 go camping 宿营 depend on 依赖;依靠 and soon = etc 等等 make fun of 取笑;嘲笑 make use of 利用 date back to\from 回溯;追溯到 be on good terms with 与……关系好 look on… as 把……看作\当作 regard…as , consider…as….think of… as… ahead of 在……前;更早 in advance get through 通过;度过;到达 tear down 拆除;推倒 pull down hold up 举起;拿出 make a face 做鬼脸 in order 整齐;按顺序= tidy divide… into… 把……分成 部分 focus…on 以……为中心 prevent… from … 使… ...不…… ,保护……不受危险 威胁 危害 keep….from stop … from protect …from manage to… 努力做成 try to do 词组短语: as though=as if;live trough 度过; 经受住; all of a sudden=suddenly 突然 knock about 漫游;on board 上船; calm down 镇 静,平静 drawl one’s attention to 吸引注意力 at hand 在手边 advise sb. (not) to do sth. 劝某人(不)做某事 advise doing 建议做某事 wipe out 消灭,擦干净 take part in 参加 in harmony with 与……协调 the UN-Untied Nation 联合国 in case of 假使,以防 in the case of 在……情况下 a list of 清单 keep in mind 记住 free from 不受……影响 pay attention to 注意 contribute to 为……作贡献 =make contribution to in general 一般地,大体地 light up 照亮;使……放光彩 play with 玩耍;游戏 call up 召唤;使想起 fill up with 用……装 fall in love with 爱上…… relate…to 与……有关 go up 上升,增长

2015 高考英语考纲词汇表(最新归类整理和按字母排序)
cheer up 使振奋;使高兴起来 put…together 把……结合成整体;装配 短语: set foot in 涉足; 到达 have an effect on 对……影响…… rely on= depend on come to life 苏醒; 复活; put forward 提出 aim at 旨在;瞄准 set out 出发; 上路 make a living 谋生 apply to 申请 in public 公开 cut up 切碎 benefit from 得益于; 受益于; all the way 一路上;一直 take advantage of 对……加以利用 give off 释放 a variety of 各种各样的 put in prison 把……投入监狱 set an example to/for 给 ……树立榜样 from then on 从那时起 start with 以 …… 开始 regardless of 不管; 不顾 at first sight 乍 一看 look into 调查 every now and then 不时地 get/be tired of 对…..厌倦 cool off 冷却; 变凉 take a chance 冒险; 碰运气 in vain 白费 insist on 坚持 put out 出版; 产生;扑灭 in turn 依次; 轮流 get round=get about 活动; 四处走动 get used to 习惯于 allow for 顾及;为……做准备 get stuck 困住 break away from 摆脱;脱离 be aware of 知道意识到 after all 毕竟 pay back 偿还 keep track of 保持联系 have mercy on 怜悯 as far as I know 就…..而言=in terms of at the mercy of 由 ……摆布/控制 lend a hand 帮助 注意 ; 宾语从句中用虚拟语气(should )加动词原形: without mercy 残忍地 have mercy on /upon 对……表示怜悯 at the mercy of 任凭摆布 beg for mercy 乞求饶恕 exist 常用短语 exist in/lie in/consist in 存在于…… in existence 现存的 come into existence/ come into being 形成 opinion 常用短语 in one’s opinion =in the opinion of sb.在某人 看来 have a high/ low opinion of 对……评价高/低 give one’s opinion on 对……谈自己的看法 persuade 常用短语 persuade sb. to do = persuade sb. into doing 说服某人做某事 try to persuade sb. to do 试图说服某人做某事 persuade sb. to sth. 说服某人同意某事 engage 常用短语 be engaged to sb. 与某人订婚 be engaged in sth. = be engaged doing sth. 忙于……, 从事某事 wide 与 broad 的区别 它们均可以表“宽”和“广阔的” a river 50 feet wide/ broad 指身体部位“宽肩、宽背”一般用 broad, 表示 “睁大眼睛、张大嘴巴”一般用 wide。 broad shoulders/ back with wide eyes open one’s mouth wide wide 还可以作副词,表示“完全、大大地” be wide awake be wide open sure 常用短语 be sure of/about 对……由把握 be sure to do sth. 肯定会…… make sure + that-clause 务必……,一定要…… make sure of… 弄清楚…… experience 常用短语 have experience in… 在……有经验 be experienced in… 在……有经验 pain 常用短语 take great pains to do 努力做某事 spare no pains to do 全力以赴做某事 stick 常用短语

一坚持;insist; 二命令;order;command; 三建议;advise;suggest;propose; 四要求; demand;require;request;claim; 五渴望;desire;; 六催促、敦促; urge;

feed 常用短语 feed sth. to sb/feed sb. on sth. 用……喂养…… be fed up of…/ be tired of…/ be bored with… 对……感到厌倦 feed on 以……为食 mercy 常用短语

2015 高考英语考纲词汇表(最新归类整理和按字母排序)
stick to sth. 坚持…… stick …on… 粘贴…… be stuck in … 陷进…… stick no bills 请勿张贴 spare 常用短语 spare money/time for 省出钱…,腾出时间 in one’s spare time 在某人业余时间 spare no efforts to do 不遗余力去做 don’t spare the opinions 不要保留意见 put down 的不同含义 put down (one’s knife and fork) 放下…… pit down the rebellion 镇压 put down what sb. says 记下,写下 take up 的不同含义 take up a hobby 培养…… take up football 开始…… take up the work 继续…… take up…time/space 消耗,占据…… take up a post 就职 take up a song/ cry 跟着一起…… habit 常用短语 form/get the habit of 养成……习惯 be in/have the habit of 有…….习惯 get into the habit of 沾染了……恶习 get rid of the habit= grow out of the habit= break away from the habit 改掉了……习惯

l.动词+about speak/talk about 谈论 think about 思考 care about 关心,对……有兴趣 bring about 引起,使发生 set about 着手,开始 come about 发生 h ear about 听说 worry about 为……担心 2.动词+away throw away 扔掉 blow away 吹走 carry away 拿走,使入迷 clear away 清除掉,消散 die away 逐渐消失,减弱 pass away 去世 wash away 冲走 take away 拿走,使消失 put away 收拾起来,存起来 give away 背弃,泄漏,赠送 wear away 磨掉,消耗 break away 摆脱 send away 让走开 turn away 把……打发走 3.动词+back keep back 隐瞒,忍住 look back(on) 回顾 hold back 控制住 give back 归还 call back 回电话 take back 拿回,收回 4.动词+for run for 竞选 ask for 要求得到 wait for 等候 stand for 代表,表示 long for 渴望 hope/wish for 希望得到 care for 关心,喜欢 beg for 乞求 search for 查找 look for 寻找 call for 需要,要求 hunt for 寻找 change…for 用……换 charge…for 收费,要价 apply for 申请 take…for 误以为……是 seek for 寻找 come for 来拿,来取 5.动词+down burn down 烧毁 break down 坏了,垮了,分解 take down 记下,记录 turn down 调小,拒绝 cut down 削减,砍倒 slow down 慢下来 pass down 传下来 put down 记下,写下,镇压 calm down 平静下来 bring down 使……降低,使倒下 settle down 安家 come down 下落,传下 tear down 拆毁,拆除

二、 三、 按小词(介词、副词)记忆

2015 高考英语考纲词汇表(最新归类整理和按字母排序)
6.动词+at come at 向……袭击 shout at 冲(某人)嚷嚷 run at 冲向,向……攻击 work at 干……活动(研究) tear at 用力撕 look at 看,注视 stare at 凝视 glare at 怒视 glance at 匆匆一瞥 laugh at 嘲笑 knock at 敲(门、窗等) point at 指向 smile at 冲(某人)笑 strike at 向……打击 aim at 向……瞄准 shoot at 向……射击 wonder at 惊讶 call at 拜访(地点) 7.动词+from differ from 与……不同 suffer from 受……苦 hear from 收到……来信 die from 因……而死 keep/stop/prevent…from 不让……做 learn from 向……学习 result from 由于 date from 始于……时期 separate…from 把……分离开 8.动词+of think of 想到 dream of 梦到 consist of 由……组成 speak of 谈到 approve of 赞成 die of 死于 talk of 谈到 hear of 听说 complain of 抱怨 become of 发生……情况,怎么啦 9.动词+off start off 出发 set off 出发 leave off 中断 show off 炫耀 get off 下车 take off 脱下,起飞 see off 送行 ring off 挂断电话 put off 延期,推迟 come off 脱落,褪色 cut off 切断,断绝 fall off 跌落,掉下 keep off 避开,勿走近 go off 走开;消失;坏了,爆炸,不喜欢 knock…off 把……撞落 break off 打断 pay off 还清 carry off 携走带走,赢得 get off 脱下(衣服等) give off 散发出 turn(switch) off 关掉 10.动词+on depend on 依靠 rely on 依靠 insist on 坚持 carry on 继续,进行 keep/go on 继续 spend…on 在……花钱 put on 穿上,戴上,上演 call on 拜访 move on 继续移动,往前走 live on 以……为生 feed on 以……为生 bring on 使……发展 take on 雇用,呈现(新面貌等) try on 试穿 have on 穿着 pass on 传授,传递 look on 旁观 turn(switch) on 打开

11.动词+out break out 爆发 pick out 选出 burst out 进发 carry out 执行,进行 hold out 坚持下去 wear out 穿破,使……疲劳 make out 理解,看清楚 cross out 划掉 keep out(of) 使不进入,挡住 find out 查出,弄明白 try out 试用,试验 put out 扑灭 hand out 散发 run out 用完 let out 泄漏,发出(声音),出租

point out 指出 figure out 算出,理解 bring out 阐明,使表现出 help out 救助 set out 出发,着手,摆放 turn out 结果是,生产,培养 come out 出版,出来 leave out 省略,删掉 work out 算出,想出办法等 give out 散发,分发,用完 look out 当心,提防 speak out 大胆讲出 send out 发出,派遣 go out 熄灭 die out 灭绝


2015 高考英语考纲词汇表(最新归类整理和按字母排序)
12.动词十 in give in 让步 hand in 上交 bring in 引进,使得到收入 drop in 拜访 result in 导致 succeed in 在……获成功 join in 参加 take in 接纳,吸收,改小 get in 收获,进入 break in 强制进入,插话 fill in 填写 call in 召集,来访 cut in 插入 persist in 坚持 look in 来访,参观 13.动词十 into look into 研究,调查 turn into 变成 burst into 闯入,进发 divide…into 把……分成 change…into 把……变成 put/translate…into 把……译成 run into 碰到 send sb to/into sleep 使进入状态 14.动词+over turn over 翻倒,细想 think over 仔细考虑 go over 审阅,检查,研究 look over 翻阅,检查 get over 克服 run over 压死,看一遍 take over 接管,接替 watch over 看守,照看 fall over 跌倒,摔倒 roll over 翻滚 15.动词十 to belong to 属于 object to 反对 refer to 谈到,涉及,参阅 point to 指向 turn to 向……求助,查阅 stick/hold/keep to 坚持,忠于 see to 处理,料理 come to 共计,苏醒 reply to 答复 get to 到达 bring to 使苏醒把……比作 compare…to 与…相比;把…比作 agree to 同意 write to 写信给 supply…to 为……提供 lead to 导致,通向 add to 增添 attend to 处理,专心,照料 devote…to 贡献给 16.动词+up grow up 成长,长大 give up 放弃,献出 build up 建立 set up 架起、建立 put up 搭起,架起,安装,住宿,张贴,盖起 do up 整理,包装,打扮 go up 增长,上涨 get up 起床,站起 pick up 拾起,学会,用车,来接,收听到 bring up 抚养,呕吐,提出 出现 turn up 开大(音量等),出席 stay up 挺住,熬 夜 take up 开始学,从事,占据 sit up 熬夜 eat up 吃完 use up 用完 tear up 撕碎 lay up 储存 make up 构成,组成 编造 弥补 cut up 切碎 join up 联结起来,参军 end up 总结 come up 上来,长出,出现 speed up 加快速度 throw up 呕吐 clear up 整理,收拾,放晴 look up 查找,找出 bum up 烧毁 catch up 赶上 hurry up 赶快 fix up 修理,安排,装置 keep up 保持 hold up 耽搁,使停顿 send up 发射 ring up 打电话 open up 开创,开辟 divide up 分配 break up 分解 17.动词十 through get through 通过,干完,接通电话 look through 翻阅,看一遍,仔细查看 go through 审阅,检查,学习 put…through 接通电话 see through 识破 check through 核对 pull through 渡过危机,康复 18.动词+with deal with 处理,对付 do with 处理,需要

2015 高考英语考纲词汇表(最新归类整理和按字母排序)
meet with 遇到,遭受 agree with 同意,与……一致 combine with 与……相联合 cover…with 用……覆盖 end up with 以……结束 provide…with 以……供给 19.三词以上的短语动词 add up to 总计 keep away from 避开,别靠近 look down on 轻视 put up with 忍受 keep up with 赶上 make up for 弥补 get on(along) with 和……相处 get close to 接近 get out of 逃避,避免 set fire to 放火烧 take notice of 注意 do well in 在……干得好 take a photo of 拍……照片 talk with 同……交谈 compare with 与……相比 equip…with 以……装备 begin with 以……开始 supply…with 以……供给 play with 玩,玩弄 break away from 摆脱 do away with 废除 look up to 仰望,尊敬 catch up with 赶上 run out of 用完 go on with 继续 look forward to 盼望 take hold of 握住 get down to 认真开始 pay attention to 注意 set an example to 为……榜样 pay a visit to 访问 take the place of 取代

1. in turn 一个接一个地 in return 作为回报 I tried to do a good deed, but this is what I got in return, by turns=one after the other take turn to do sth.轮流做某事 turn secretary=become a secretary turn to sb ( for help ) turn up=appear turn out=prove to be / produce turn down 拒绝=refuse;音量调低 ;向下翻; 2. If she spent five years in Paris, how come she can't speak a word of French? 她假若在巴黎呆了五年,怎麽一句法语都不会说呢? come across 越过某处;被理解;偶然发现, 偶然遇到 come into being/existence 出现,开始形成,建立 come into use/service 开始使用 (无被动) come out 出来; 出发;出版;名列…; (总数等)达到(+ at/to) come to light 泄露(真相) ;被发现 cf. Your statement does not throw light on the subject. 并没有说明问题 come true 实现,变成现实 My dream has come true. 我的一个梦想实现了。 Cf. realize one’s dream reach one’s goal turn sth into reality come up 升起;走进;种子生长发育; 被提出 come up with an idea(突然)想出办法 3. go all out to do sth 全力以赴去做某事 =try one’ best to…=do what / all one can to… go beyond 超出;超出…的能力 go beyond one’s ability / imagination / control go in for 参与,参与(竞赛等) ;从事(某项工作) ;爱好,酷爱 go out (火)熄灭,过时了 cf. put out the fire(灭火) put off 推迟, 延期( put off the meeting ); put down the rebellion(镇压) go with 相配 (同义词 match / go along with) 4. keep in touch with 与…保持联系(指状态) get in touch with (指动作) keep up your courage 保持勇气,别泄气 keep up with 跟上 catch up with 赶上 5. look down upon/ on sb 轻视某人;鄙视某人/某物 look on /upon sb./sth. as 把...看作.(近义词组:regard…as; treat…as; consider…as/to be) look over 对…审阅;粗略地看;翻阅 look up a word in a dictionary 查阅… look through 透过…看(尤指空隙或透明物体等) ; (从头到尾)初略地翻阅 look up to sb 尊敬某人 look sb. in the eye 盯着 6. make oneself at home(如同在家一般)随便些,不必客气



2015 高考英语考纲词汇表(最新归类整理和按字母排序)
make arrangements for 为…做安排 make a been line for 取捷径前往 make room for 让出地方,腾出空间 make the best of 充分利用 ,尽量利用 make the most of 尽量利用,善于利用 make up for lost time/ground 加紧努力补回失去或落后的时间 make oneself heard / understood 使自己被别人听到/听懂理解 make good /no sense 有意义/没意义 make tea/coffee 泡茶/咖啡 make for 有助于,使成为 Cultural exchanges make for mutual understanding. 7. put away 放好;收起来;把…放在原位;储藏 放弃 put aside 放在一边;抛弃;暂时不做;留出(时间),省出(钱) put sth. in order(使)整齐 put on weight 增加体重(lose weight 减肥,减少体重) put on your clothes 穿衣 take off your clothes 脱衣 put an end/stop to 制止,使停止,结束 cf. come to an end(某事)结束 end up with failure 以失败而告终 put up with 和某人住在一起;忍受,忍耐=bear / stand put through 做成,完成;接通电话 使通过考试;使经历(难受的事) 8. take sb. by surprise (出人意料地)攻占;撞见 take A for B 把 A 误认为是 B take sb./sth. for granted 认为…是必然情况,视为当然 take sth. into account/consideration 加以考虑;予以重视 take advantage of 利用;占…的便宜 take the opportunity of 抓住机会;利用(机会) take charge of 开始负…的责;看管;控制 take it easy=Don’t be nervous take your time 从容 Take your time. There is still half an hour left. take the place of 代替 cf. stand for 代表 take on a new look 呈现新面貌 take off 脱下,起飞 take on sb 雇用 =employ sb=hire sb take in fresh air=absorb take up 占据(时间,地方);从事于 take up space / much time take up a city 攻占城市 take up arms (against)拿起武器反对…,武装起来与…作对 take over 接管,接替 9. turn down 拒绝;音量调低 ;向下翻; turn out 制造出,生产出,培养出;结局是,结果是;原来是 It turns out that 知道是…,结果证明是 It is one's turn to do sth 轮到某人做某事 turn over a new leaf 重新生活,改过自新 turn in sth to sb 上交 10. not a little=much not a bit=not at all=not in the least ---Are you hungry? ---Not a little. I could eat a horse. 11. break away from(the Union )脱离(联邦) get rid of bad habit 去掉 do away with 废除 12. drop in at a place drop in on ab 顺便拜访 13. due to=caused by The accident was due to careless driving. owing to=because of Owing to the rain they could come. thanks to=as a result of Thanks to your help we were successful. 14. feel like doing=would like to do… 15. figure out=imagine=work out make out 辩认,拼凑 16. have a gift for=be talented at 17. in short 简言之 in a word 一句话 18. knock into sb=happen to meet sb cf. knock sb down 撞倒 19. let out a cry of surprise= cry out 20. It is no wonder that … There is no doubt that … 21. on show 在展出 cf. show off one new clothes 炫耀 22. out of order=in a mess / sth goes wrong in (good) order

2015 高考英语考纲词汇表(最新归类整理和按字母排序)
23. pick up sb 开车去接 pick out=choose 24. run short of run out of=use up Our supplies have run short(不用被动语态)=We have run short of supplies. 25. run for 竞选 call for=need send for a doctor=ask sb to go to fetch a doctor apply for the position 申请 run into sb=(suddenly) see sb 撞上/碰到 26. set about to do sth=set out to do sth 27. burst out laughing carry out a plan 执行 The war broke out in late autumn. His shoes were worn out. wear out 穿破 28. cut down the price 削减 cut off electricity 切断 29. call off a meeting=not hold …取消 see sb off at the airport 送行 set off for the first destination 30. break in 打断/插入 be engaged in 从事 31. reply to sb=answer sb stick to sth / to doing sth see to sb=take care of sb take to 开始, 喜欢, 沉溺于, 走向, 照料, 求助于, 适应 take to gardening when one retires take to drinking get down to some solid work 认真开始… object to sth/ doing …反对 32. tear up a letter 撕… keep up one’s courage 保持… bring up a child 抚养… break up a family 拆散… stay up late at night=do not go to sleep until very late 33. pass away=die die away= (sound ) gradually disappear 34. cut through=take a shortcut see through one ’s trick I couldn’t get through; the line was busy. 35. in charge of 负责 in the charge of,意味着在…管理下 36. add up to 总计 add to=increase 增加/添加 37. all at once=all of a sudden=suddenly 38. give out 散发,分发,用完 give away 背弃,泄露,赠送 39. keep … safe to remain safe : cf: remaining food(剩菜剩饭)=leftover to stay safe 40. What do you think of your new job? How do you like your new job ? How do you find your new job? 你认为你的新工作怎么样?

一、一个星期七天 1. Monday 2. Tuesday 3. Wednesday 4. Thursday 5. Friday 6. Saturday 7. Sunday 二、一年十二个月 1. January 2. February 3. March 4. April 5. May 6. June 7. July 8. August 9. September 10. October 11. November 12. December 三、一年四季 1. spring 2. summer 3. autumn 4. winter 四、容易拼写错的数字 eighth 第八 twelfth 第十二 ninth 第九 twentieth 第二十 forty 四十 四、亲属称呼 daughter (女儿) cousin (同辈兄弟姐妹) niece (女性晚辈) aunt (女性长辈) nephew (男性晚辈) uncle (男性长辈) 五、以下动词加-ed 或-ing 要双写最后一个字母 regret (regretted, regretting) 后悔 occur (occurred, occurring) 出现 control (controlled, controlling) 控制 prefer (preferred, preferring) 宁愿 admit (admitted, admitting) 承认 refer (referred, referring) 提到

第一类 高考英语单词陷阱

2015 高考英语考纲词汇表(最新归类整理和按字母排序)
forget (forgetting ) 忘记 equip (equipped, equipping) 装备 permit (permitted, permitting)允许 注意:quarrel, signal, travel 中的 l 可双写(英国英语)也可不双写(美国英语) 六、部分过去式和过去分词不规则变化的动词 broadcast (broadcast, broadcast) 广播 seek (sought, sought) 寻求 flee (fled, fled) 逃跑 shake (shook, shaken) 发抖 forbid (forbade, forbidden) 禁止 sing (sang, sung) 唱歌 forgive (forgave, forgiven) 原谅 sink (sank, sunk/sunken) 下沉 freeze (froze, frozen) 结冰 spread (spread, spread) 传播 hang (作“绞死”讲,是规则的;作“悬挂” swim (swam, swum) 游泳 讲,其过去式过去分词都是 hung) tear (tore, torn) 撕碎 lie (作“说谎”讲时,是规则的;作“位于” weave (wove, woven) 编织 讲时,其过去式是 lay,过去分词是 lain) 七、意思相近的词 check / examine/ test celebrate/ congratulate receive / accept wear / dress destroy /damage 八、注意形容词变名词时的拼写变化 long—length 长度 high—height 高度 wide—width 宽度 strong—strength 力量 九、以-ic 结尾的动词,应先把-ic 变为-ick,再加 ing 或 ed picnic (picnicked, picnicking) 野餐 十、个别名词的复数拼写 German (Germans) 德国人 hero (英雄),potato (土豆),tomato (西红 gulf (gulfs) 海湾 柿) 等有生命的以-o 结尾的名词变复数时要 handkerchief (handkerchiefs) 手帕 加-es。 roof (roofs) 房顶 stomach 胃 (其复数是 stomachs 而不是加 es) 十一、注意动词变名词时的拼写变化 succeed—success 成功 consider—consideration 考虑 pronounce—pronunciation 发音 discover—discovery 发现 explain—explanation 解释 bury—burial 埋葬 decide—decision 决定 conclude—conclusion 得出结论 enter—entrance 进入 arrive—arrival 到达 permit—permission 允许 weigh—weight 重量 refuse—refusal 拒绝 十二、注意形容词变副词时的拼写变化 beautiful—beautifully 美丽的 particular—particularly 特别的 possible—possibly 可能的 successful—successfully 成功的 practical—practically 实际的 十三、其它必背单词


abroad 国外 absence n. 缺席 (absent adj.) accepted (NMET1997) accident 事故 (accidental adj. 偶然的, accidentally adv. 偶然地) achievement 成就 (achieve v. 获得) address 地址 admire 钦佩 admitting (2000 北京春季卷) agreement 协议 agriculture 农业 (agricultural adj. 农业的) altogether 总共 ancient 古代的 announced(NMET1999) anxiety 忧 虑 (anxious adj. 焦 急 的 , anxiously adv. 焦急地) apologize v. 道 歉 (apology n. 道 歉 apologetic adj. 道歉的, apologetically adv. 道歉地) apologize/apologise (2000 全国卷) appreciate 感激/欣赏 (感激人用 thank sb; 谢谢某人做的事用 appreciate sth.) Asian(NMET1996) assistant 助手 astonish 吃 惊 (astonishment n. 吃 惊 , astonishing,astonished) astronaut 宇航员 atmosphere 气氛 attempt 尝试 (可作名词也可作动词) attentively 专心地 attentively(NMET1996) attitude 态度 attract 吸引 (attraction 吸引力) average 平均 average(NMET1999) balance 平衡 beauty 美 (beautiful) believe 相 信 (belief n. 信 念 , 其 复 数 是 beliefs) beyond 超过 biology 生物 birthday 生日 bravery 勇敢 broadcast(NMET1996) broadcast 广播 (过去式、过去分词同原形) carefully 小心 (carefully) ceiling 天花板 celebrated (2000 北京春季卷) celebration 庆祝 (celebrate n. 庆祝) century 世纪 challenge 挑战 character 性格 charge 收费 cinema 电影院 comfort v. & n. 安慰 (comfortable adj. comfortably adv.舒适地) comfortably(NMET1997) comment 评论

communication 交流 competition 竞 赛 (compete v. 竞 赛 competitor 竞赛者) composition 作文 concert 音乐会 conclude v. conclusion n. 结论 condition 情况 (conditions 条件) confessing (2000 北京春季卷) congratulations 祝贺 (congratulate v.) constantly 不断地 construction(NMET1996) continue 继续 contribution 贡献 (contribute v.) conveniently 方便 (convenient adj.) conversation 谈话 coughing(NMET1997) cousin 表兄弟 cruelty 残酷 (cruel adj. cruelly adv.) curious 好奇 (curiosity n. 好奇) curious(NMET1996) customer 顾客 customers (2000 北京春季卷) custom 习俗 damage 损坏 declared(NMET1999) delicious 美味 destroy 毁灭 (其过去式是 destroyed) determined 有决心的 develop 发 展 (development n. developing 发展中的,developed 发达的) dialogue 对话 diary 日记 (dairy 奶制品) difference 不同点 (有复数形式) disappointed 失望 (disappointing 让人失 望的) disappointment 失望 discovery 发现 (其复数是 discoveries,其 动词是 discover,discoverer 发现者) disturb 打扰 dollar 美元 (其复数是 dollars) downstairs 楼下 dream 梦 想 ( 其 过 去 式 是 dreamed 或 dreamt) electricity 电 (electrical 电的, electric 电的) employ 雇用 (employment n. employer 雇主,employee 雇员) empty 倒 空 ( 可 用 动 词 , 其 过 去 式 是 emptied) encourage 鼓 励 (encouraging, encouraged, encouragement n.) energy 能量 envelope 信封 envy n. 妒忌 (envious adj.) equal(NMET1998) equipment 设备 especially 尤其是 essential(NMET1999) European 欧洲人

event 事件 excellent 极好 (excellence n. excellently adv.) exhibition(NMET1997) exhibition 展览 expense 耗费 experience 经验 (experienced 有经验的) expert 专家 expression 表达 failure 失败 (fail v.) familiar(NMET1999) familiar 熟悉的 favorite 最喜爱的 (即作形容词也作名词, 作 名词时有复数) figure 人物/数字 finger 手指 flight 飞行 forehead 前额 foreign(NMET1998) fortunately 幸运地 forward 向前 freezing 极冷的 (frozen 冷冻的) frequently 经常地 furniture 家具 further 进一步的 generally (2000 全国卷) geography 地理 Germany 德国 government(NMET1996) gradually 逐渐地 graduation 毕业 (graduate) grammar 语法 habits (NMET1997) handkerchiefs (2000 北京春季卷) honesty 诚实 (honest) honor/honour 荣誉 imagination 想象力 (imagine v.) immediate (2000 北京春季卷) immediately 马上 impress 印象 (impression n.) incident 小事件 including 包括 (include v.) indispensable (NMET1999) industry 工业 (industrial adj. 工业的) information 信息 inspire 激 励 (inspiration n. inspiring, inspired) institute 学院 instrument 仪器 interest 兴趣 interrupt 打断 interrupt 打断 introduce 介绍 (introduction n.) irregular 不规则的 journey 旅程 judge 判断 ( judgment) kindergarten 幼儿园 knowledge 知识

labor/labour 劳动 late1y(NMET1999) laughter 笑声 lawyer 律师 librarian 图书馆理员 loss 损失 (lose, lost 是其动词形式) luckily 幸运地 magazine 杂志 majority (2000 北京春季卷) majority 大多数 manage 设法 (manager, management) market(2000 全国卷) marriage 结婚 (marry v. 结婚,married 已 婚的) material(s)/cloth(NMET1996) material 物质/材料 mayor 市长 mean (NMET1999) measure 测量 medal 奖章 (比较:model 模型) memory 记 忆 力 (memorize v. 记 住 , remember 记得) messages (2000 全国卷) metal 金属 modern 现代的 modest 谦虚的 monitor 班长/监控 moustache 胡子 murder 谋杀 (murderer 凶手) musician 音乐家 mysterious 神秘的 (mystery 神秘) nationality 国籍 (nation 国家,national 国 家的) naturally(NMET1998) naughty 淘气的 necessary(NMET1999) ninth(NMET1998) normal 正常的 obey (NMET1997) obviously 明显的 offering (2000 全国卷) operation 手术 opportunity 机会 ordinary 普通的 organized/organised(NMET1996) particularly 特别是 passenger 旅客 passengers(NMET1999) patience 耐心 (patiently) patient 病人/耐心 perfect 完美 (perfectly) performed(2000 北京春季卷) perhaps 或许 period 时期 permission 许可 persuaded(NMET1996) phenomena 现象 physicist 物理学家

pilots (2000 全国卷) poisonous 有毒的 (poison) political 政治的 (politics) popular 受欢迎的 population 人口 position 职位 possibility(-ies)可能性 (possible 可能的) poverty 贫穷 (poor) poverty 贫穷 practical (NMET1997) preparing(NMET1998) pressure(NMET1997) pretend 假装 professor 教授 profit 利润 progress 进步 pronunciation (2000 北京春季卷) provide 提供 (比较:offer, supply) public 公众 purpose 目的 quality(NMET1996) quantity 数量 realistic(NMET1997) receive 收到 recently(NMET1999) recognised/recognized(NMET1999) recognize 认出 (recognition 承认) regards 问候 remind 提醒 repeat (repetition)重复 respect 尊敬 restaurant 餐馆 restaurants(NMET1999) satisfaction 满 意 (satisfy, satisfied, satisfying) satisfactory 满意的 Saturday(NMET1998) scientific 科学的 scientific 科学的 secretary 秘书 secretly (2000 北京春季卷) separately 单独地 separates (NMET1998) serious 严重的 (seriously) service 服务 shortcoming 缺点 silence 安静 (silent) zero

similar (2000 北京春季卷) similar 类似的 (similarity –ies 相似之处) situation 形势/情况 slightly(2000 全国卷) society 社会 (social adj. 社会的) southern(2000 全国卷) special 特别的 species 物种 (单复数同形) spring(NMET1997) square 平方 stolen(2000 全国卷) straight(NMET1997) suitable 合适的 support 支持 surprise 吃惊 surround 包围 swimming(NMET1998) technique 技术 (technical adj.) technology 技术 temperature 温度 theory 理论 thirsty 口渴 thorough (NMET1997) total 合计 traffic 交通 translated(NMET1998) translation 翻 译 (translator 翻 译 家 , interpret 解说, interpreter 口语翻译) umbrella(NMET1999) umbrella 伞 unusually 不寻常 (unusual 不寻常的) unwilling 不愿意 (willing adj. 愿意 will n. 意志) upstairs(2000 全国卷) upstairs 楼上 vacation 假期 various 各种各样的 (variety n. 种类) victim 受害者 victory 胜利 vocabulary 词汇 voyage 航行 waste (NMET1999) wealth 财富 weather(NMET1998) whisper 低语 worship 崇拜 youth 年轻人 (复数加-s) 零

第二类 高考英语经典十口诀

1 要求跟不定式的动词 “要想干,同意办,愿意不愿意,决定尽量干。 ”
a 要求,想要,希望(want, wish, hope, expect, intend, mean) b 同意(agree, promise) c 意愿(care, hate, refuse) d 决定,企图(determine, decide, offer, attempt, try, manage)

2 要求跟随动名词的动词

mind, miss, enjoy, give up, admit, avoid, finish, escape, practise. (2)“makes (a) fit speech” mind,avoid,keep,enjoy,suggest/finish,imagine,thinkabout,spend,practise,excuse,escape,can't help

3 有些动词跟不定式作宾语补足语时省去了 to,
其口诀是:一觉二听三让四看,五观察。 一觉:feel 二听:hear、listen to 三让:let、have、make 四看:notice、see、watch、look at 五观察: observe 倒装口诀


在某些表示请求、命令、建议等动词后面的宾语从句中,谓语动词要用动词原形或 should+动词原形。 i—insist, d—demand, r—request/require/recommend, o—order, p—propose, c—command, a— advise, p—preqersic, s—suggest. 5 有些动词用过去完成时,常表示“想做而未做”的意思。 可巧记其首字为组成的 “withspem” ,代表:wish,intend,think,hipe,suppose,plan,expect,mean

i drop caps”

6 例装

副词开头要例装,人称代词则如常。 only 修饰副介状,位于句首半倒装。 否定意义副连词, “既不…也不”须倒装。 表语前置主语长,衔接自然常倒装。 such 代词做表语,引起主谓要倒装。 Not only 开头句,前一分句须倒装。 had,were,should 虚拟句,省略 if 半倒装。 口诀 7 当名词有多个形容词修饰时,下面的口诀可帮你记住这一先后顺序。 限定描绘大长高, 形状年龄和新老; 颜色国籍跟材料, 作用类别往后靠;


lie lay lain 躺/lay laid laid 放下;产蛋/lie lied lied 撒谎,这几个词在拼写上很容易混淆, 有人编了这样的口诀: 规则的“撒谎” ,不规则的“躺” , “躺”过就“下蛋” , “下蛋”不规则。 “规则”指规则变化, “不规则”即不规则变化,如 lie 作“撒谎”解时,是规则变化,即其过 去式和过去分词直接加-d; “躺过”的“过”指的是过去式,即 lie 的过去式 lay 是“下蛋”的原 形; “下蛋”是不规则变化。


分开“一段时间” , some time 表示“一段时间” ; 相聚“在某一时” ,sometime 表示“在某一时” ; “有时”相聚加 s,sometimes 表示“有时,不时” ; “几次”分开带 s,some times 表示“几次,次数” 。

10 短文改错

(一) 见到谓语找主语,主谓一致找状语 见到名词想多数,可不可数要记牢 见到平行看结构,形式功能要对称 见到代词找指代,指代通常不合理 小小 of 常抓的点,of 前名词 adj 最高级 (二) 谓与非谓经常混 谓语句中就一个 其余动词非谓语常见形式有三种 ving ved 和 to do 主宾通常 ving 现在分词表主动 过去分词表被动 目的要用不定式 改错要想拿高分 语法口诀要记牢

第三类 高考英语作文模版 ★★★对比观点题型

(1) 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。 1. 有一些人认为。 。 。 2. 另一些人认为。 。 。 3. 我的看法。 。 。 The topic of ①----------------(主题) is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of opinions about it. Some people say A is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason of ②-----------------(支持 A 的理由一) What is more, ③ -------------理由二). Moreover, ④---------------(理由三). While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,-----------------(支持 B 的理由一). Secondly (besides),⑥------------------(理由二). Thirdly (finally),⑦------------------(理由三). From my point of view, I think ⑧----------------(我的观点). The reason is that ⑨ --------------------(原因). As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former is surely a wise choice . (2) 给出一个观点,要求考生反对这一观点 Some people believe that ①----------------(观点一). For example, they think ② -----------------(举例说明) .And it will bring them ③---------------(为他们带来的好处). In my opinion, I never think this reason can be the point. For one thing, ④ -------------(我不同意该看法的理由一). For another thing, ⑤---------(反对的理由之二). Form all what I have said, I agree to the thought that ⑥-----(我对文章所讨论主题的看法).


要求从一句话或一个主题出发,按照提纲的要求进行论述. 1. 阐述名言或主题所蕴涵的意义. 2. 分析并举例使其更充实. The good old proverb ---------------(名言或谚语) reminds us that ----------------(释 义). Indeed, we can learn many things form it. First of all,-----------------( 理 由 一 ). For example, -------------------( 举 例 说 明 ). Secondly,----------------( 理 由 二 ). Another case is that ---------------( 举 例 说 明 ). Furthermore , ------------------(理由三). In my opinion, ----------------( 我 的 观 点 ). In short, whatever you do, please remember the say------A. If you understand it and apply it to your study or work, you’ ll necessarily benefit a lot from it.


要求考生列举出解决问题的多种途径 1. 问题现状 2. 怎样解决(解决方案的优缺点) In recent days, we have to face I problem-----A, which is becoming more and more serious. First, ------------(说明A的现状).Second, ----------(举例进一步说明现状) Confronted with A, we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, ---------------(解决方法一). For another -------------(解决方法二). Finally, --------------(解决方法三). Personally, I believe that -------------(我的解决方法). Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because --------------(带来的好处).


这种题型往往要求先说明一下现状,再对比事物本身的利弊,有时也会单从一个角度(利或弊) 出发,最后往往要求考生表明自己的态度(或对事物前景提出预测) 1. 说明事物现状 2. 事物本身的优缺点(或一方面) 3. 你对现状(或前景)的看法 Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First ----------------(A的优点之一). Besides -------------------(A的优点之二). But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that ----------------( A的第一个缺点 ) . To make matters

worse,------------------(A的第二个缺点). Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to ---------------(我的看法). (From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only by this way, ---------------(对前景的预测).)


(1) 不同观点列举型( 选择型 ) There is a widespread concern over the issue that __ 作 文 题 目 . But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person t o person. A majority of people think that _ 观 点 一 ________. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place, ___ 原 因 一 _______.Furthermore, in the second place, ___ 原 因 二 _____. So it goes without saying that ___观点一_____. People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some peoplehold the idea that_ 观二 _____. In their point of view, on the one hand , ___ 原因一 _______. On the other hand, ____原因二_____. Therefore, there is no doubt that ___观 点二______. As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that __ 观 点 一 或 二 _. Itis not only because ________, but also because _________. The more _______, the more __ ______. (2)利弊型的议论文 Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)___ 作 文 题 目 ______. In fact, there are both advantages and disadvantages in __ 题 目 议 题 _____. Generally speaking, it is widely believed there are several positive aspects as foll ows. Firstly, ___优点一______. And secondly ___优点二_____. Just As a popular saying goes, "every coin has two sides", __ 讨 论 议 题 ______ is no exception, and in another word, it still has negative aspects. To begin with, ___缺点一______. In addition, ____缺点二______. To sum up, we should try to bring the advantages of __ 讨 论 议 题 ____ into full play, and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In t hat case, we will definitely make a better use of the ____讨论议题___. ( 3 ) 答题性议论文 Currently, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)__ 作 文 题 目 _______ .It is really an important concern to every one of us. As a result, we must spare no efforts to take some measures to solve this problem. As we know that there are many steps which can be taken to undo this problem. Fi rst of all, __ 途 径 一 ______. In addition, another way contributing to success of the solving problem is ___ 途 径二_____. Above all, to solve the problem of ___ 作 文 题 目 ______, we should find a number of various ways. But as far as I am concerned, I would prefer to solve the problem in this way, that is to say, ____方法_____. ( 4 ) 谚语警句性议论文 It is well know to us that the proverb: " ___ 谚 语 has a profound significance and value not only in our job but also in our study. It m eans ____ 谚 语 的 含 义 ______. The saying can be illustrated through a series of examples as follows. ( also theo retically ) A case in point is ___ 例 子 一 ______. Therefore, it is goes without saying that it is of great of importance to practice t he proverb ____谚语_____. With the rapid development of science and technology in China, an increasing nu mber of people come to realize that it is also of practical use to stick to the saying: ____ 谚 语 _____. The more we are aware of the significance of this famous saying, the more benef its we will get in our daily study and job..


as is shown/indicated/illustrated by the figure/percentage in the table(graph/picture/pie/chart), ___ 作 文 题 目 的 议 题 _____ has been on rise/ decrease (goesup/increases/drops/decreases),significantly/dra matically/steadily rising/decreasing from______ in _______ to ______ in _____. From the sha rp/marked decline/ rise in the chart, it goes without saying that ________. There are at least two good reasons accounting for ______. On the one hand, ________. On the other hand, _______ is due to the fact that ________. In addition, ________ is responsible for _______. Maybe there are some other reasons to show ________. But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing. As far as I am concerned, I hold the point of view that _______. I am sure my opinion is both sound and well-grounded.

Dear Editor: [引出话题] I’m a senior three student. I’m writing to tell you my opinion on whether middle school students can go to school with mobile phones. [赞成]I think they can do that. Because students can keep in touch with their friends and family wherever they are. Besides, the mobile phone is a way to have fun. [反对] However, every coin has 2 sides. There are some problems with using mobile phones. The ring of phones can disturb teachers and students in the classroom. Another students is that some students can spend too much time and money on phone calls and sending messages. [个人观点] In conclusion, I suggest students not use phones in the classroom. Also, as it is expensive, the owner should take good care of it. Yours sincerely, Li Hua

第四类 高考英语作文经典范文 ◎参与报社等讨论稿(带手机利弊)

[调查内容] A survey is taken on public opinions of the fact that many parents spend a large amount of money sending their children to study abroad, some of whom are middle school students. [调查结果]From it we can see that 38 percent of those surveyed think it is worth the money letting children study abroad to get a better education so that they can get pay in return in the future. However, not all are for it / some are against it. 62% of them hold the view that it is difficult for young people to live and study in a foreign country. It’s easy for them to fall / get into some bad habits and the cost of education in another country is ten times as much as that at home. [解决措施]The survey shows that the government should set up different kinds of schools to meet the demands of different children. (句型 do something /take measures / steps about sth.to do sth)


Middle school students have some ideas about their future jobs.

◎读柱状图表写调查报告 [注意句式变换]

The most striking contrast is in teaching: 30percent of the girls would like to become teachers while only 5percent of the boys want to do the job. 20 percent of the boys want to do business and another 20 percent want to become lawyers, while girls make up 15percent in these two fields. What boys like to do most is to become managers and the second largest group would like to be scientists. Besides teaching, the second choice for girls is to be scientists and managers. The number is not small. Girls also expect to show their abilities in these two fields. Dear editor, I’m a middle school student. I once had a very happy family, but everything has changed because of my father. He used to be a very good doctor and was often praised by his patients. He took good care of the family and shared the housework with my mother everyday. However, he is now quite a different person. He plays mahjong all night and often quarrels with my


mother. I just can’ t concentrate on my studies and my grades are coming down. I’ m very much worried and I’m afraid it will destroy my family as well as my father Could you help me what to do? I’m looking forward to your reply. Thank you very much. Li Hua One day during the summer holidays, I met my classmate Li Ming, whose nickname is Tao taopi. We chatted for a while as we walked. I asked him where he would go during the holidays. He replied that he had to stay at home studying. Then I’d like to know why he didn’t go out for a tour. Much to my surprise, he told me that it was just because he failed to be accepted by key universities. In my opinion/Personally/ I think, traveling during the holidays not only increase a student’s knowledge of his or her motherland but also makes life meaningful. What’ s more, at the present time, we students are suffering a lot both at home and school. Why not go out to get relaxed. We want our schoolbags lighter [图画内容]The picture shows us a schoolboy and a big woman. The boy is wearing a pair of glasses and carrying a big heavy bag. The woman is taking some exercise. The boy is saying to the woman jokingly: “Mum, if you carry the schoolbag for me, I’m sure you will easily lose weight….” [社会实际]It’s quite common that Chinese students are overburdened with the lessons and homework. What we do every day is to listen to the teachers’ lectures, take notes and do our homework which seems endless. [个人想法]We do hope our teachers will help us get more knowledge with fewer lectures, exercises and less homework. Only in this way can we have time to do sports every day. Then we will be mentally and physically healthy. Yesterday afternoon I went to the park. It so happened that I saw a touching event. At that time there were some people boating on the lake. A girl and her parents were taking photos. All of a sudden, the little girl fell into the lake as a result of carelessness. Obviously she couldn ’t swim and was struggling in the water. Her parents cried for help. Hearing the cry, a young man immediately rushed to the bank and jumped into the water without taking off his clothes. He swam to the drowning girl and managed to push to the bank. At last the girl was saved. The girl’s parents were very grateful to the young man. Many people were greatly moved by the young man’s deeds. What a kind and brave young man! Boys and girls, May I have your attention, please? At the end of 2004, a strong earthquake hit the west part of Indonesia, which brought on a terrible tsunami to some areas of western Asia. This disaster has caused millions of deaths and destroyed many beautiful cities. How terrible things are! Besides, millions more who have become homeless are in great need of help now. At present many countries all over the world including China have sent rescue teams there and thousands of people in every corner of the world are donating money to show their concern for them. It is true that many natural disasters can’t be avoided sometimes. But at least we can do something to help the people in the tsunami-hit areas. So let’s offer our pocket money to them! Thank you.




◎广播稿(看图 海啸 )

Dec. 19th, 2004


NOTICE To help students learn more about computers, we have invited Professor Wang from the Computer Department of Qinghua University to give us a lecture on Saturday, December 22nd. Professor will talk about the use of computer and how to learn through the Internet. The lecture begins at 2;00pm in Room 204 of the Library Building. Any computer-lover is welcome to attend the lecture. Please bring your questions in computer learning. Professor Wang will will leave you time for questions. Don’t forget to be on time. the Students’ Union

Ladies and gentlemen,


Welcome to our school! Now let me introduce something about the changes that have taken place in our class. We used to listen and take notes in class, but had no time to think for ourselves. Because we were not interested in the lessons, we often felt sleepy while listening. After school we had to finish much homework, unable to have some sports. However, things are different now. With the help of computers, the lessons are so lively and interesting that the students are active to answer the questions instead of falling asleep. As a result, we have made greater progress than before, though we spend less time doing our homework. And we can enjoy ourselves after class. The good teaching method is popular with all of us. We will try our best to study even harder. That’s all. Thank you!

Family name: Zhou First name: Lan Sex: Female Date of birth: March 25,1983 Place of birth: Zhuzhou, Hunan Nationality: Chinese Address: No 4 Middle School of Zhuzhou Telephone number: 0733-8483628 Education: Graduated from Hunan University Explain why you think you are suited for the job:

填写求职表格 (高三教材 P140)

I enjoy working with people. I’m young and healthy, delightful, helpful. I can speak standard Chinese and I’m good at English. I once won the first prize of English competition in our college. I’m very interested in traveling and know many places of interest in China.

Dear sir, The other day from China daily I know that your company need a travel guide. I’m writing to apply for the job. I’m Chinese, female. I was born on March 25,1983 in Zhuzhou, Hunan province. I graduated from Hunan University last month. I enjoy working with people. I’m young and healthy, delightful, helpful. I can speak standard Chinese and I ’ m good at English. I once won the first prize of English competition in our college. I’m very interested in traveling and know many places of interest in China. I think I’m suited for the job. If you can let me have this chance I will try my best to do it well. Expecting you answer. You can connect me by posting a letter to No 4 Middle School of Zhuzhou or dial this number:0733-8483628. Yours sincerely, Zhoulan


◎ 回复公司关于面试的信件(高三教材 P144)
No 4 Middle School of Zhuzhou, Hunan July 28, 2005 Dear Mr Lively, Thank you for your letter of July 20 asking me to come to inter view on Friday, August 2 at 2:30 pm. Unfortunately, I shall not be in that day, as I have another appointment. May I suggest another date for the interview? I could come to an interview on Thursday, August 1, or the morning of August 2. I hope one of these dates will be possible for you, as I am extremely interested in the post. I look forward to hearing from you. Yours sincerely, Zhoulan

一、add (1) If you add 5 to 5,you get 10.<把……加到……上面> Five added to five is/makes 10. (2) This will add to our trouble.<增加> The balloons added to the festival atmosphere.<增加> (3) His whole school education added up to no more than one year.<加起来总共> (4) Add up the numbers,and you will get 1155.<加……> (题组训练)用与 add 相关的短语填空: 1、The engine of the ship was out of order and the bad weather added _______the helplessness of the crew at sea. 2、The numbers add _______95. 答案:1、to 2、up to 二、agree (1) agree on<就……达成共识> (2) agree to do sth.<同意做(某事)> agree to the plan/decision/arrangement<同意> (3) I don't agree with you/what you said/your advice.<同意> The climate here doesn't agree with me.<指食物、天气等适合某人> Your story agrees with what I have already beard.<和……一致> (题组训练)用与 agree 相关的短语填空: 3、Mutton doesn't agree ________________ him. 4、The verb agrees ________________ its subject in number and person. 5、We couldn't agree ________________ a date. 答案:3、 with 4、with 5、 on 三、break (1) I am sorry that I broke my promise<违背,违反> break one's word/break the law/break the rule (2) His health broke.<(身体或精神)垮了> (3) He broke away from all his old friends.<断绝来往,脱离> (4) I should break away from such habits.<改掉(习惯)> (5) All our plans broke down. The peace talks have broken down. <(计划、谈判等)失败> Her health broke down under the pressure of work. (=become very bad)<被搞垮,垮掉> The telephone system has broken down.<(机器或车辆)出故障;坏掉> (6) The thieves planned to break into a bank.<闯入,破门进入> (7) The Second World War broke out in September 1939.<爆发> (8) After midnight,the party broke up.<散(会)> (9) I broke up the candy and gave each child a small piece.<分开> The police broke up the crowd.<分开,分散> (10) broken English<鳖脚的英语> (11) Our troops had little difficulty in breaking through the lines of the police.<突 破> (题组训练)用与 break 相关的短语填空: 6、News reports say peace talks between the two countries have broken __________ with no agreement reached. 7、Fire broke ____________ last night. 8、Sentences can be broken _____________ into clauses: 9、You've been working so hard for nearly a month. Relax yourself,or you will break _______sooner or later. 10、While we were watching TV,a voice broke ______the programme to announce the election results. 答案:6、down 7、out 8、up9、 down 10、into 四、bring (1) He brought about a quarrel between his parents.<引起,造成>



She made every effort to bring about a peaceful solution to the problem.<实 现> (3) Electricity lines as well as telephone poles were brought down by falling trees or branches.<使倒下> (4) bring down prices<降低价格> (5) The sale brought in over$200.<赚得> (6) Dirt often brings on disease.<引起> The fine weather is bringing the crops on nicely.<使成长更快,使提高> (7) Can you make a sentence to bring out the meaning of the phrase.<讲解清楚> (8) Joe was born in Texas but brought up in Oklahoma.<抚养> (9) He was so ill that he brought up everything.<呕吐> (10) This brought me into touch with various kinds of workers.<(和各种名词连用) 进入某种状态> (11) Please bring forward the matter at the next meeting.<提出> They have brought the meeting forward to next Monday.<把……提前,提早> (题组训练)用与 bring 相关的短语填空: 11、The war in Iraq was ________________ by the American President Bush. 12、The work can ________________ $2000 a year. 答案:11、brought about 12、bring in 五、call The trouble calls for quick action by the government.<要求> (1) I will call for you at five o'clock.<来找某人> (2) We called for the packages at the post office.<来取某物> (3) I formed the habit of calling in on him in the evenings.<顺便拜访> (4) Your father is ill,you should call in a doctor at once.<找来,请来> (5) People don't like being called names.<骂人> (6) They've called off the game because of the thick fog.<取消> (7) He called upon me to speak immediately after him<请/叫(某人做某事)> (8) I called on the people of this country to work hard for national unity.< 号召> (9) A notice displayed in the shop window called attention to the recent increase in prices.<引起……的注意> (10) The army was called in to cut through fallen trees and to help clear the roads and paths.<召集> (11) call in at some place/call in on sb. /call back/call up/give sb. a call/make a call(a long—distance call) (题组训练)用与 call 相关的短语填空: 13、The situation calls ________________ immediate action. 14、The sound of happy laughter called ________________ memories of his childhood. 15、Could you call in ________________ Mum on your way home? 答案:13、for 14、up 15、on 六、carry (1) He had learned enough German to carry on a conversation.<进行> (2) One person should carry on where the other had left off.<进行下去> (3) I was chosen to carry out our experiment.<执行,开展> (4) He did not carry out his promise to us.<履行> (5) After destroying the village,the enemy carried off all the cattle<抢走> (6) The work is tough,but it is the person to carry it through.(=to complete sth. successfully)<顺利完成,顺利实现> (题组训练)用与 carry 相关的短语填空: 16、They are trying to carry ________________ a new policy. 17、What a pity!They should have carried ________________ the.good business. 18、—It's a good idea. But who's going to carry ________________ the plan? —I think Tom and Greg will 答案:16、out 17、on 18、out 七、come (1) How come that you didn't get here in time?<(用于引申意义)发生某情况> (2) He came to realize that he was mistaken.<渐渐地(表示动作逐渐变化的过程)> (3) My dream has come true,<变成现实>

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He talked about his coming trip to the United States.<即将到来的> How did the accident come about?<发生,造成> I came across(came upon/ran across)this book in an old bookstore on the Fourth Avenue.<无意中碰到,找到> He came suddenly across an idea.<(无意中)想到> (7) He just asked me to come round for supper.<到这儿来> (8) Come along!Arthur,we can't wait all day!<快点> (9) Come along!Someone must know the answer to my question.<快说> (10) This paper comes out every Friday.<出版> (11) I think the roses will come out next week.<开花,发芽> (12) I came out first in the examination.<考试结果……;考第……一名> (13) The bill comes to $5.<总计> (14) When it comes to mathematics,I know nothing about it.<谈到,涉及> (15) The robbery did not come to light until the next day.<被发现,被大家知道> (16) The question hasn't come up yet.<被提出> (17) He came up with an idea.<提出> (18) come to oneself<苏醒过来> (19) come to an end<结束> (20) come into effect(force)<生效> (21) come to a conclusion(decision)<作出结论(决定)> (22) come into being(existence)<开始存在、建立、产生> (23) come into power<开始执政> (题组训练)根据句意完成句子: 19、I'm as good a cook as she is except when it ____________(making)pastry. 我做饭做得和她一样好,就是不会做油酥馅饼。 20、The shock made her hesitate for a moment but she quickly ________________ again. 这一打击使她踌躇了片刻,但很快就又恢复正常了。 21、Can you tell me how the accident ______________ ? 你能告诉我事故是怎样发生的吗? 答案:19、comes to 20、came to herself 21、came about 八、care (1) I don't care what they say. I shall go on just the same.<在乎,在意> (2) If you care to hear it,I will tell it to you.<愿意> (3) Albert Einstein cared little for money. He was seen using a cheque for$1500 as a bookmark.<喜欢> Would you care for a cup of coffee?(=Would you like...?)<(礼貌用语)你喜 欢/要……吗?> (4) He cared about money.<喜欢> (5) The mother card for the sick child day and night<照顾,照料> (6) The professor said that he was interested only in research:he didn't care about his students.<关心> (7) In this way we could give them timely medical care.<医疗护理> 九、catch (1) catch fire(=to start burning)<着火> (2) catch one’s breath<缓口气,歇口气> (3) That car caught his eyes/attention.<引起注意> (4) The police caught him stealing a car.(=to discover suddenly and by surprise especially when someone is doing something bad ) <撞见,突然发现> (5) That style has never caught on in China.(=become popular)<流行> (6) He was caught in the rain.(=be stuck)<被困扰> Her skirt got caught in the door.(=be hooked)<被钩住> (7) I suddenly caught sight of him in the crowd.<看见> 十、clear (1) She made it clear that she would support Australia. <弄清楚,查明白,明确> (2) After the storm the sky cleared.<晴朗起来> (3) The waitress will clear away these dishes in a moment.<收走>

(4) How can we clear away,these doubts?<消除,清除> (5) The weather has cleared up;we can go out.<晴朗起来,开朗起来> (6) You'll have to clear up the things on the table before we have tea.<整理,收拾> 十一、compare (1) Car production rose by 25%,compared to/with the first 3 months of this year. <和……相比> (2) We know it was a small place,comparing to what it is now.<和……相比> Compare this with that,and you will see which is better. <把……和……相比> (3) Shakespeare compared the world to a stage.<把……比作……> 十二、cover (1) They covered 12 miles yesterday.<走完(一段路程)> (2) How many pages have you covered?<看完(多少页书)> (3) The city covered ten square miles.<占据(多大面积)> (4) The professor's talk covered the subject.<谈到,涉及> (5) The mountain was covered with snow all the year round.<覆盖着……> (6) The best reporters were sent to cover the 27th Olympic Games. <报道,采访> 十三、cut (1) cut off<切断;切下来> (2) cut out<戒掉,不吃,剪出> (3) cut in<插嘴> (4) cut up<切碎> (5) a short cut<捷径> (6) They want to cut down a large forest in this area.<砍倒> (7) George is trying to cut his weight down.<消减,减少> (8) The army was called in to cut through the fallen trees on the road. <锯断,剪断,凿穿> 十四、deal (1) I'd rather deal with a man than a woman. Women are sharp. <和……打交道> (2) I'm used to dealing with matters of this sort.<处理> (3) This book deals with questions on politics.<论述,谈> (4) What shop do you deal with?<和……做买卖> 十五、die (1) die of<死于……(情感、饥寒、年老等原因)>,如: die of illness/a fever/hunger/sadness As a result,many westerners die at an early age of heart disease. (2) die from<死于……(间接原因)>,如: die from an accident/the polluted air/a bad habit (3) Ronny's steps had died away/down,and there was a moment of silence. <(指风、声、光)消逝> (4) The wind has died away/down again.<平息> (5) It is thought that between the years 1550 and 1950 an average of one kind of living thing died out each year.<灭绝,不复存在> (6) I'm dying for something to eat.(=have a strong desire for sth.)<渴望> (题组训练)用与 die 有关的短语填空: 22、The wild population of koalas is in danger of _________________ . 23、Do you fancy a cup of tea? I'm _________________ thirst. 24、I am _________________ a cup of coffee. 答案:22、dying out 23、dying of 24、dying for 十六、 do (1) —I have some difficulty in pronouncing some of the words in English. —No,you're doing fine.<(工作、学习、生活、生长等)情况(好)> (2) I'm happy in my work in the garden. I'm doing well. Will it do if we let you have an answer by Friday? <行,够,合适,可以,凑合> (3) Let's do up this room first.<整理,收拾>

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They tried to do away with slavery.<废除> Mary has done herself up for the party.<梳妆打扮> Please do up these books and post them for Mr. Smith.<包,扎,系,捆> do one’s hair<做头发> do the room<打扫房间> do the bed<铺床> do wrong to sb.<使某人受委屈> do business<做生意>,<做买卖> do right<做得好> do wrong<做错事,做坏事> have something/nothing/anything/a lot to do with<与……有些/没有/有什么 /有很大关系> (题组训练)用与 do 有关的短语填空: 25、________________ your buttons! 26、He has nothing ________________ the case. 27、The school has ________________ the rules. 28、I haven't enough money to buy a car,so I'll have to ________________ without it. 答案:25、Do up 26、to do with 27、done away with 28、do 十七、end (1) Even if none of this is true for us today,it is probable that one day we will end up with a disability.<以……告终> (2) If you drive your car like that,you'll end up in hospital. (3) <最后(有某种结局) ,最后(成了)> (4) The politician finally ended up his speech.<结束> (5) We ended up the dinner with fruit and coffee.<以……而结束> (6) The match ended in a win for us.<以……告终,结果……> (7) It rained for three days on end.(=continuously)<连续地> (8) We must put an end to this foolish behavior.<结束,制止> (9) The meeting came to an end at last.<结束> (题组训练)用与 end 有关的短语填空: 29、He ________________ his letter ________________ good wishes to the family. 30、The battle ________________ victory. 31、Their marriage ________________ divorce. 答案:29、ended(up) ,with 30、ended in 31、ended in 十八、fall (1) We can't afford to fall behind our competitors in using the new technology. <我们再也不能在使用新技术方面落后于我们的竞争对手了。> (2) She has fallen in love with him/the dress. <她已经爱上他了/喜欢上了那条裙子。> (3) Where does the plan fall down?(=fail or to be ineffective) <失败,不起作用> (4) This topic falls naturally into three sections.(=be divided into)<被分成> (5) I am quite happy to fail in with you/your suggestions. (=agree with or to)<赞同> 十九、fix (1) fix(on) a time for sth.<约定时间干某事>,如: Let's fix a time for discussion. They've fixed the time and date for the party. (2) fix one's eyes on<注视>,如: He fixed his eyes on the clock. (3) fix one's attention on<注意> (4) fix supper<做饭> (5) fix tea<沏茶> (6) fix the broken machine<修理,整理> 二十、follow (1) You should follow the rules of the lab when you're doing experiments.<遵循,听 从,依照……行事> (2) The child follows her mother about all day long.<跟随>

(3) Follow this road until you get to the church.<沿着……(走)> (4) May follows April.<接着发生,跟着到来> (5) Do you follow what I'm saying?<听懂,理解> 二十一、get (1) The operator finally got me through.<给……接通电话> (2) He has got through$1,000 in less than a year.<用完> (3) John has got through the examination.<通过> (4) I'll be with you as soon as I get through the work.<做完> (5) The story has got round—everybody knows about it. <消息 传开;走动,到处旅行> (6) My work is getting along better now.<进展,进行> (7) She didn't get away until nine last night.<走开,离开> (8) The bank robbers used a stolen car to get away.<逃走,跑 掉> (9) Now he was dead,and I could not get away from my sadness.<摆脱> (10) He got down and began to pray.<跪下,弯腰> (11) Don't you think it's time we got down to business?<开始认真做某事> (12) At what time do you get off(from)work?<下班> (13) He used to be afraid of heights but he has got over that now. <克服,摆脱(某种情绪)> 二十二、give (1) He gave away most of his fortune to the poor.<送给,分发> (2) They suspected(怀疑)that the secret had been given away by one of their friends.<泄露(机密)> (3) I hope the holiday will give him back his good spirits. <恢复(健康,好情绪)> (4) He has given in to my views.<向……让步,投降> (5) The gas gave off an unpleasant smell.<散发出> (6) He gave his life to the study of art.<把生命献给……> (7) Please give my regards/greeting./love/wishes/thanks to Miss Smith. <代……向……问好(表示喜欢、祝愿、谢意)> (8) The teacher gave out the examination papers.<散发,颁发> (9) It was given out that the Prime Minister had died sudden1y.<宣布> (10) After two days our food .gave out,and we had to return to the camp. <被用完> (11) The swimmer gave out after ten laps.<体力不支,耗尽> (12) The cowboy gave out a yell.<发出(声音)> (13) I've given up smoking.<放弃,中止> (14) Billy kept asking his mother if he could go to the movies and she finally gave way.<妥协,屈从> (题组训练)用与 give 有关的短语填空: 32、Smoking is bad for your health. —Yes,I know. But I simply can't give it ________ . 33、Don't mention that at the beginning of the story ,or it may give ________ the shocking ending. 34、Cheap coal gives ________ a lot of smoke. 答案:32、up 33、away 34、off 二十三、go (1) But if you go against nature and do things at the wrong time of year,you will have to do more work and the results will not be so good.< 违背> (2) —How is everything going?<进行,进展> —Things are going very well. (3) The black hair was going grey.<变得> (4) That is to say,the doctor's been gone for two hours and thirteen minutes. <不在,走了> (5) The engine went well.<运转> (6) How does the old saying go?<怎么说的> (7) If you think you can solve the problem,go ahead.<开始 (做某事)> (8) Go ahead,we're all listening.<开始(做某事)>

(9) Work is going ahead.<进行,进展> (10) —May I start? —Yes,go ahead.<表同意> (11) News of the plane crash went around like wildlife.<传开> (12) Time went by quickly.<过去,经过> (13) Shares have gone down again by ten points.<(价格等)下跌, (温度等)下降> (14) She had no time to go deeply into the matter just then.<调查,了解,研究> (15) What is going on out there?<发生, (活动)进行> (16) Why not buy some English tapes and some books to go with them? <相配,和……交朋友> (17) When smokers who are used to nicotine go without it for an hour or two,they begin to feel bad.<不吃,不用> (18) Let me have a go at fixing it.<试一试> (19) My family goes back 300 years,while his family goes back to the 15th century. <追溯;从过去某个时候延续至今> (20) He always likes to go back to his younger days.<回顾> (21) Go over your work before you hand it in.<仔细检查,反复研究,仔细琢磨> (22) He doesn't go in for team games.<对某事感兴趣,爱好> (23) go out<出去,出国; (灯火)熄灭; (衣着式样等)不时兴>

(题组训练)用与 go 有关的短语填空:

35、Nobody noticed the thief slip into the house because the lights happened to go ________________ . 36、lf you had gone ________________ your test paper carefully before handing it in,you would have made fewer mistakes. 37、As time goes ________________ ,my memory seems to get worse. 答案:35、out 36、over 37、by/on 二十四、hand (1) When he writes,he always keeps a dictionary at hand.<在手边,在跟前> (2) The examinations are at hand.<就要到来了,不远了> (3) My shoes were made by hand.<手工做的> (4) Could you give me a hand with this parcel?<帮一下忙> (5) This custom has been handed down since the 18th century.<传下来,传给> (6) The teacher handed out the books at the beginning of the lesson.<发,散发> (7) The thief was handed over to the police.<移交> (8) on(the)one hand...,on the other(hand)<一方面……,另一方面> (9) hand in<上交> (题组训练)用适当的介词填空: 38、I am resigning as chairman and handing ________________ to my deputy. 39、Don't worry,for help is ________________ hand! 40、He was handing ________________ leaflets(传单)to members of the audience. 答案:38、over 39、at 40、out 二十五、hold (1) She held back,not knowing what to do or say.<犹豫不决> (2) Don't hold anything back,you must tell me everything.<隐瞒,不公布> (3) If they hadn't held him back,he would have beaten you.<阻碍,阻止> (4) I made my choice and I will hold on to the end.<坚持(下去)> (5) You should hold on to your oil share.<不送或不卖(某物)> (6) He asked me to hold on while he left the telephone to find a pencil. <别挂(电话)> (7) Could he hold out in spite of the difficulty? <坚持(抵抗) ,顶住(压力)> (8) The pupil held up his hand to ask the teacher a question.<举起> (9) hold office<任职> (10) hold one's position<担任某个职位> (11) hold an opinion (idea)<持有某个看法、观点> (12) They held their heads up and walked into the hall.<趾高气扬> (13) Please hold yourself still while I am taking your photograph.<保持不动> (14) He held a cigarette between his lips.<使某人或某物处于某种状态或位置>

(15) A lot of cars were held up in the accident,<使耽搁,使停顿> (题组训练)用与 hold 有关的短语填空: 41、We thought of selling this old furniture,but we've decided to hold ________________ it. It might be valuable. 42、The dam was not strong enough to hold ________________ the floodwaters. 43、I missed the lecture because my car was held ________________ in the traffic jam. 44、Tell me all about it—don't hold anything ________________ ! 答案:41、on to 42、back 43、up 44、back 二十六、keep (1) He keeps away from liquor and tobacco.<不沾,避开,不接近> (2) The Englishman will move back in order to keep a certain distance away. <保持一定距离> (3) He may be telling the truth but he is keeping something back. <隐瞒(没讲)> (4) Finally,he did not give her the right change,but kept back five pounds. <扣留> (5) You have to be home by I1 o'clock. Keep that in mind,Bob.<记在心里> (6) Keep off the grass.<勿踩,勿踏> (7) He didn't stop running. He just kept on.<继续(干) ,坚持(干)> (8) Keep on until you reach the traffic lights.<继续前进> (9) The coat should keep out the cold.<挡住,使……进不去> (10) They have shut the door and meant to keep us out.<不要进来> (11) You should keep out of these things.<不牵扯进去> (12) I hope such fine weather will keep up.<继续(下去) ,持续(下去)> (13) We've kept up our friendship for over twenty years now.<保持> (14) The good news keeps up our spirits.<保持(情绪)高昂> (15) I can't keep up with all the changes.<跟上, (与……)并驾齐驱> (16) I hope the rain keeps off.<(雨雪)暂时不停> (题组训练)单项填空: 45、Would you slow down a bit,please? I can't ________________ you. A. keep up with B. put up with C. make up to D. hold on to 46、—Mummy,can I put the peaches in the cupboard? —No dear. They don't ________________ well. Put them in the fridge instead. A. keep B. fit C. get D. last 答案:45、A46、A 二十七、join (1) to join an island to the mainland by a bridge<把……和……连接起来> (2) The new railway joins our town to the big city.<把……和……连接起来> (3) The girl,Mary,joined in the conversation.<参加(某活动)> (4) Will you join us in a walk?<和……一起做某事> (5) The electrician joined up the wires.<把……连接起来> 二十八、connect (1) connect with/to<把……连接起来;和……相连> Connect this wire to that one. The Suez Canal connects Africa with Asia. (2) He has been connected with the company since 1984.<和……联系> (3) The early bus from the village connects with the 8:30train. <(车、船等在时间上)衔接> (题组训练)用 join 或 connect 的适当形式完成下列句子: 47、They all ________________ in singing the Christmas carols. 48、The 9:00am train from London ________ with the 12:05 p.m. from Crewe. 49、Two extra carriages were ________________ onto the train on at York. 答案:47、joined 48、connects 49、joined 二十九、look (1) As,look back upon those years,I am struck by Annie's wisdom.<回顾,回想> (2) I've been looking into this matter this afternoon.<调查> (3) Two men were fighting. The rest were looking on.<旁观> (4) When you're eating fish,look out for bones.<当心,小心>


We've been looking out for a new house,but the ones we've seen are all too expensive.<留心找某物> (6) Look up the word in the dictionary<查寻,查找> (7) I want to look my uncle up sometime.<看望,拜访> (8) She looked through her notes before the examination.<浏览> (题组训练)用与 look 相关的短语填空: 50、A Working Party has been set up to look ________________ the problem. 51、Look ________________ pickpockets. 52、If you want to know how a word is used,look the word ________________ in the Advanced Learner's Dictionary. 答案:50、into 51、out for 52、up 三十、make (1) make good use of/make full use of/make the most of/make the best of <充分利用> (2) We should make use of water to produce electricity. (3) He had a gift for thinking up ways of making political points. <提出政治观点> (4) Both husband and wife had to work to make ends meet.<使收支相抵> (5) After years as an unsuccessful businessman,he's finally made it.<成功> (6) Can you make out what that object is on the other side of the valley? <弄清楚,看出> (7) It isn't difficult to make out his ideas.<理解,明白> (8) The explanation in the school book makes no sense,because the words are hard. <讲不通,没意义,不能被理解> (9) Can you make sense of what he says?<理解> (10) The teacher asked the children to make up a story about a trip to the moon. <编,创造> (11) Mary had to make up for the time she missed in school when she was sick ,by studying very hard.<弥补> (12) The actors were making up when we arrived.<打扮> (13) The team is made up of nine players.<由……组成> (14) Is that the right time? I made it later.<估计> (15) He's making three hundred a year.<赚得,赢得> (16) He'll make a good lawyer.<(有条件)成为> (17) I think I could make it 8:30 if that's all right for you.<定在(某时间)> (题组训练)用与 make 相关的短语填空: 53、The idea puzzled me so much that I stopped for a few seconds to try to make it ________________ . 54、She spent an hour making herself ________________ before the party. 55、Hard work can make ________________ a lack of intelligence. 56、It's my first holiday for two years so I'm going to make ________________ of it. 答案:53、out 54、up 55、up for 56、the most/the best 三十一、mean (1) Smoke usually means fire:<意味着> (2) Your friendship means a great deal to me.<有意义,有价值> (3) But I don't believe he means any harm.<有……意图> (4) His parents meant him for a teacher.<打算让某人成为……> (5) This picture is meant for me.<打算给(谁)> (6) This room was meant for the workers' reading room.<打算(做什么用)> (7) What do you mean by coming here this morning?<你……是什么意思?> (题组训练)单项填空: 57、—Why haven't you bought any butter? —I ________________ to,but I forgot about it. A .liked B.wished C. meant D. expected 答案:57、C 三十二、meet (1) It takes 80 years for Mediterranean water to be changed with Atlantic water,as

there is one narrow entrance where the Mediterranean meets the Atlantic. <与……汇合> (2) The house stands where three roads meet.<汇合> (3) In order to meet his expenses,he had to do extra work at night.<满足> (4) To join the army,one must meet certain physical standards.<符合(要求)> (5) A policeman could meet danger any minute of his working day.<碰到,遭到> (6) In the woods,he met with two strangers.<遇见,碰到> 三十三、operate (1) The lift was not operating properly.<(机器)开动, (工厂)开工> (2) The company operates two factories.<开动(机器) ,管理! (工厂)> (3) The medicine operated quickly.<起作用(Vi.)> (4) He operated on the baby's throat and saved its life. <给……动手术> 三十四、pay (1) Perhaps I shall pay a visit to England this winter.<参观> (2) It's high time、paid me back the$100 he owes me.<偿还> (3) How much did you pay for the book?<为……而付款> (4) I'll pay off my debt with this check.<还清> (5) Did your plan pay off?<成功,得到回报> (6) It pays to invest in protective clothing.<收益,得到好处> (题组训练)用与 pay 相关的短语填空: 58、Teamwork pays ________________ . 59、I'll pay Jenny ________________ for what she did to me! 答案:58、off 59、back 三十五、pick (1) She picked up the little book and gave it to him.<拾起> (2) He has picked up some bad habits at that club.<沾染> (3) He picked up French while he was staying in Paris.<(非正式)学到> (4) Pick me up at the hotel.<接(人)> (5) This room must be picked up before the guests arrive.<整理、收拾> (6) The class picked up the story where they had left it.<继续讲(故事)> (7) We picked up the radio signals on our receiver.<接收> (8) Have you picked out the movie you want to see?<挑选> (9) Can you pick out your brother in the crowd?<认出> (题组训练)汉译英: 60、他把熟得最透的桃挑了出来。 ________________ 61、一到春天市场就活跃了。 ________________ 62、7 点钟我开车来接你。 ________________ 答案: 60 、 He picked out the ripest peach.61 、 The market always picks up in the spring.62、 I’ll pick you up at 7 o'clock. 三十六、put (1) John puts ten dollars aside every week.<存储,留下> (2) He put aside his textbooks when he left school and never reopened them. <放下,放在一边> (3) Put aside all that has happened and try to start again.<搁在一边,不予考虑> (4) Put your books away.<收起来> (5) Put the dictionary back on the shelf.<放回原处> (6) The meeting has been put back until next week.(=put off)<推迟> (7) Put the clock back by five minutes.<拨慢> (8) Put the clock forward by five minutes.<拨快> (9) He put out the lamp and went out.<使熄灭,扑灭> (10) The company puts out 13 new machines every month.<生产,出版> (11) Are you serious in putting forward such a view?<提出> (12) put into effect<执行,实施> (13) put into force<使生效> (14) put into practice<实行,付诸实行> (15) put on weight<增加体重> (16) put one's heart into<全心全意干某事>

(17) (18) (19) (20) (21)

put sb. through<接通电话> put to bed<安顿孩子睡觉> put to use<加以利用> put up with<忍受,容忍> I just didn't wish to put you to the trouble of changing a large note. <给某人添麻烦> 三十七、refer (1) if you don't know how to pronounce the word,refer to the dictionary. <查阅,参阅> (2) He referred to the matter once or twice.<提到,谈到> The man referred to in the talk is one of my friends. (3) What I have to say refers to all of you.<涉及> (4) The lady was referring to Mike when she spoke of a bright boy.<指的是> (5) He referred his success to his good teacher.<归功于> 三十八、run (1) The buses run until after twelve.<(车辆等)行驶> (2) The machine ran continuously for eight days.<运转> (3) The water runs out of the pipe into the bucket.<流> (4) For several miles the road runs across a plain.<(道路等)延伸,延续> (5) They run most of the stores here.<管理,经营> (6) The chairman ran the meeting well.<主持> (7) Will the color in this dress run if I wash it?<褪色> (8) He is running for governor.<竞选> (9) If you ran after two hares,you will catch neither.<追赶> (10) She hit the child and ran away.<走掉,跑掉> (11) All our supply of food has run out(=given out).<被用完> (12) We ran out of coal,and had to burn wood.<用完> (13) I ran over a rabbit this morning.<(车辆)撞倒并碾过> (14) Run through this article and tell me what you think of it.<匆忙看一遍> 三十九、see to (1) I've got a lot of things to see to.<处理> (2) Who is to see to the organization of the next meeting?<负责> (3) Will you see to that customer,please?<照顾> (4) If I see to getting the car out,will you see to closing the windows?<负责> (5) Please see to it that the lights are turned off.(=make sure/ensure that) <确保> 四十、send (1) We've just sent her to sleep.<使进入梦乡> (2) My sister sends you greetings and asks when you will be in London.<致,送> (3) That noise will send me mad.<(跟复合结构)使变得> (4) The explosion sent things flying in all directions. <(跟带分词的复合结构)使得……> (5) They have sent up several spaceships this year.<发射> (6) send for a taxi/an ambulance/a doctor <(派人)找计程车/叫救护车/请医生来> 四十一、set (1) We set about clearing(set out to clear)up the mess.<开始做或处理;着手> (2) You'd better set aside some money for special use. <(为了某种目的)留出、拨出、节省> (3) Set aside my wishes in this matter.<对……不予考虑> (4) We will set off(out)for Africa tomorrow.<动身,出发> (5) Polonium is used to set off a nuclear bomb.<引爆> (6) Let's set up the tent first and build the fire later.<竖起来,立起来,支起来> (7) He set up a new record.<创造> (8) The film was set in California in the middle of the nineteenth century. <以……为背景,故事发生在…….> (题组训练)用与 set 相关的短语填空: 63、The new government must set ________________ finding solutions to the country's

economic problems. 64、Let's set ________________ my personal feelings. 答案:63、about 64、aside 四十二、show (1) He told the BBC that he wanted 17 hours of nonstop TV time so that both concerts could be shown on television.<播出,展出,放映> (2) Tickets,please. Show your tickets.<把……拿给……看> (3) Come along. I'll show you to your room myself.<带某人到某处> (4) My cousin is visiting us next week,and I have promised to show him around New York.<领某人到处看看> (5) Most small children show off in front of visitors.<炫耀> 四十三、stand (1) The letters" UK" stand for "The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".<代表> (2) I can't stand the hot weather.<忍受> (3) You should learn to stand on your own two feet.<依靠自己,自主> (4) stand out<显得突出,显眼,引人注目> (5) stand by<站在一边,袖手旁观,支持,站在……边> 四十四、strike (1) On Friday 16th October,1987,a hurricane struck the southeast of England. <侵袭> (2) The boy struck the man with a stick.<打> (3) A stone struck me on the head.<打中,击中> (4) I struck a match and held it to his cigarette.<擦燃(火柴)> (5) An idea suddenly struck me.<(某种想法)忽然出现,使……忽然想起> (6) He was struck by her beauty.<给人深刻印象> (7) They are striking for higher pay.(=They,on strike for higher pay.)<罢工> (8) I left immediately the clock struck twelve.<(钟)敲响> 四十五、turn (1) He was poor but proud and turned down every offer of help.<拒绝接受> (2) The campers usually turned in as soon as it got dark.<上床睡觉> (3) The teachers have to turn in the reports at the end of the school year.<上交> (4) The examination turned out(to be)easy.<结果是,最后情况是> (5) Bob turns over most of the money he earns to his mother.<移交,交给> (6) The car struck the wall and turned over.<撞翻,翻倒> (7) He turned over in bed.<翻身,翻转> (8) Please turn over this page.<翻过> (9) The missing boy turned up<出现> (10) If you have some questions,you can turn to your teachers for help. <求助于> (11) Mozart's music always turns me on/off.<使感兴趣/使不感兴趣> (12) She turned away in horror at the sight of so much blood.<转身不看> (13) Because the hall was full,many people were turned a way.<撵走> (14) turn a blind eye to/on<视而不见> (15) turn a deaf ear to <充耳不闻> (16) turn about<向后转> (17) turn against<反对,背叛> (18) turn back<返回,折回,使往回走> (19) by turns<轮流> (20) in turn<一个挨一个地又(对别人)做同样的事> (21) take turns<轮流(做某事)> (题组训练)同义词组替换: 65、I have waited for him for hours but he hasn't ________________ (appeared)yet. 66、His invitation is ________________ (refused). 67、If you don't know the words,you can ________________ (refer to)a dictionary. 答案:65、turned up 66、turned down 67、turn to 四十六、take (1) The assistant did not take her seriously and advised her to buy two bottles of

very expensive wine.<认真对待> He led the ships down the river to a place where the British army could land safely and take the enemy by surprise.<突然袭击> (3) I won't take up much of your time.<占去(时间)> (4) The table takes up too much room.<占去,占据(空间)> (5) When he left school he took up journalism.<从事某项活动,发展某种爱好> (6) People should be ready to go to prison for their beliefs ,but they should never take up anus to fight.<拿起武器> (7) When you return to the office the following morning or after the holiday ,you can listen to the messages and take any necessary action.<采取必要的行动> (8) The teacher took up the lesson where he left off yesterday.<继续讲述> (9) Jean took advantage of the lunch hour to finish her homework.<利用> (10) I take back what I said.<收回> (11) Take it easy.The roads are icy.<不要着急> (12) He is taking over my job while I am on holiday.<接替,接管> (13) He seemed to take great pride in his work.<对……感到骄傲> (14) She had taken the trouble to buy the books for me.<费力,不怕麻烦> (15) I'll take on the work,but I can't tell you exactly when I'll finish it.<从事> (16) The Great Wall has taken on a new look since the liberation.<呈现> (17) Is the supermarket taking on any more assistants?<雇用> 四十七、work out (1) We must work out a plan as quickly as we can.<制定,拟定,定出> (2) Have you worked out this problem yet?<算出,估计出> (3) I can't work out the meaning of the poem.<理解,弄懂,看出> (4) This map is wrong;I can't work out where we are.<判断,说出,看出> (5) Things will work out if you will just be patient.<得到圆满解决> (6) Things have worked out badly.<(情况等)结果是> (题组训练)英译汉: 68、Things worked out quite well. ________________ 69、I've never been able to work her out. ________________ 70、Can you work out what these squiggles mean? 答案:68、事情的结果很不错。69、我一向无法了解她。70、你能辨认出这些潦草的字迹是什 么意思吗? (2) (答案解析详见购买的自学教案,此处省略)

名师吴军暗示点 1 相同的、类似的 / 不同的

2014 高考英语考纲词汇表

same similar different / various / separate / alone / apart / not……but…… / change(able) difference / similarity(between……and……)/ a variety of / a range of ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

〖2013 江苏卷〗I wanted it and worked toward it like everyone else, all of us 36 chasing the same thing. One year, through a series of unhappy events, it all fell 37 . I found myself homeless and alone. I had my truck and $56. 36. A. separately B. equally C. violently D. naturally 37. A. off B. apart C. over D. out 〖2013 浙江卷〗I love how peole 37 seem so different, but end up being so 38 . The most valuabe lesson I gain from studying in France wasn ’t just to respect the French people 39 to respect all people, for your next best friend could be just a continent away. 38. A. generous B. independent C. similar D. distant 〖2012 上海卷〗 The degree of _60 between the potential helper and the person in need is also important.For example, people are more likely to help a stranger who is from the same country rather than a foreigner. 60. A. similarity B. friendship C. cooperation D. contact 〖2013 江苏卷〗They dropped off blankets, candles, and tools, and began 45 around to chat. They started to teach me a belief in a 46 American Dream—not

the one of individual achievement but of 47 . 46. A. wild B. real C. different D. remote 【2013 新课标 II 卷】 It runs in the 33 .Michael's father always helped the poor as he believed it made everyone happier. Michael Greenberg feels the 34 .A pair of gloves may be a 35 thing, but it can make a big difference in winter. 34.A.honor B. pain C. same D. cold 〖2013 四川卷〗 But she is so 23 that she never lets anyone put her down. “You shouldn ’t 24 what people say about what you look like because we’re not different from anyone else, Holly,” she 25 me. “And you don’t need to wear a scarf because you look great 26 it!” For the first time in my life I could speak to someone who’d been through something 27 . So weeks later, at my 13th birthday party, 28 by her bravery, I gave up my scarf and showed off my scars. It felt amazing not having to 29 away behind my scarf. 27. A. similar B. strange C. hard D. important 〖2005 重庆卷〗Hidden passengers traveling in ships, trams, or even cars can be a terrible trouble— especially when they are insects. As for this, there is a great ___36___ between human beings and insects. 36. A. connection B. difference C. communication D. similarity 〖2000 北京春季卷〗I can read and write as well as anyone else my age, and I can think better. That’s probably a real big ___24___ between the free school and regular school ?the amount of ___25___. 24. A. problem B. chance C. difference D. change 名师吴军暗示点 2(答案解析详见购买的自学教案,此处省略)

◆结论性动词: show / suggest / find / prove / decide / see ◆结论性情态动词: can /could ◆结论性时态及从句连接词: 完成时, 过去时, how, why 及转折关系 but, though, however。 ◆结论性形容词或副词: (1).so / therefore / accordingly / as a result / finally (eventually 最后) / satisfied / proud 看到 can 和 want to 一般要填 because, so 或 if。另 so…that (can)搭配!

I’m washing a dog’s hurt leg. I work carefully, because I want to make sure I don’t do anything to hurt him. I wish they could understand that we’re just trying to help them. They asked if he wanted to go home. But Bozo said no. so the fishermen wished Bozo well and left him alone again-just as his father had eighty-four years before. It can also influence the way we behave with our families. so how do we deal with our problems ? There are many ways and here is one of them.

(2).Sure(ly) / certain(ly) / of course / indeed / actual(ly)[ =in fact, really, truly] (3).obvious = clear =apparent 明显的 / obviously =clearly =apparently (4).surprised/amazed/surprising(ly) [=amazing(ly), shocked ,astonished 震惊

Most people on this island are recreational fishers,and obviously,fishing forms an actual part of their leisure time. I ’ m not surprised that he became a writer. Even as a child he had a clear imagination. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------〖2013 重庆卷〗Since then, Joe started 45 . Though he never made it to the top, his math teacher was always 46 and curious about the change: Why had that stormy day changed Joe? 46.A. worried B. amazed C. friendly D. cautious 〖2013 安徽卷〗Learning a new language is never __53__. But with some work and devotion, you’ll make progress. And you’ll be __54__ by the positive reaction of some people when you say just a few words in __55__ own language. Good luck! 54. A. blamed B. amazed C. interrupted D. informed 【2013 广东 A 卷】Number sense is not the ability to count. It is the ability to recognize a 1 in number. Human beings are born with this ability. 2 , experiments show that many animals are, too.For example, many birds have good

number sense. If a nest has four eggs and you remove one,the bird will not 3 .However,if you remove two, the bird 4 leaves. This means that the bird knows the 5 between two and three. Another interesting experiment showed a bird's 6 number sense. A man was trying to take a photo of a crow(乌鸦)that had a nest in a tower, but the crow always left when she saw him coming. The bird did not 7 until the man left the tower. The man had an 8 .He took another man with him to the tower. One man left and the other stayed, but they did not 9 the bird.The crow stayed away until the second man left, too. The experiment was 10 with three men and then with four men. But the crow did not return to the nest until all the men were 11 .It was not until five men went into the tower and only four left that they were 12 able to fool the crow. 2.A. Importantly B.Surprisingly C. Disappointedly D. Fortunately 6. A.amazing B.annoying C.satisfying D.disturbing 12.A. gradually B. luckily C. strangely D. finally 〖2013 浙江卷〗I left France with many 34 , so when people ask me what my favorite part of the trip was, they are always 35 to hear me talk about my Brazilian friend Paolo and the scores of weekdays in class, weeknights on the town, and weekends 36 France we enjoyed together. 35. A. surprised B. disturbed C. embarrassed D. concerned 〖2013 山东卷〗Every time I came into her room, she was so 48 because she thought I was her daughter. Her real daughter never 49 her, so I took her place. She let me 50 that making others feel good make me feel good, too, when she died, I was 51 , but I was very grateful to her. 50. A. explain B. guess C. declare D. see 〖2013 湖南卷〗I ran to __43__ behind a big tree in our yard at once. After a while, I was __44__ the girls had passed by. I dashed to the front door and banged on it loudly. 44. A. sure B. proud C. eager D. curious 〖2012 湖北卷〗Happy as a child, I got on the bicycle and headed out onto the streets. After some time, I 37 at the other end of the town. I was 38 that this simple vehicle could let me 39 long distances in a fairly short time. But how 40 did I really go? 38.A. amazed B. amused C. confused D. concerned 〖2012 北京卷〗I believe I stayed in a state of pleasant disbelief __43__ I was halfway through rehearsals (排练) on my first day. I never actually __44__ to get the job. After being offered the position, I was completely __45__. I remember shaking with excitement. 45.A. motivated B. relaxed C. convinced D. astonished 〖2012 广东卷〗However, some people argue that rules may be ___14___, having observed that rules change all the time, and that some schools have some regulations and others have different ones —so who is to ___15___ what is right ? 15. A. predict B. explain C. decide D. consider 〖2011 湖北卷〗 Jasmina never got the chance to do it,” says Maja, now 32, “so I 34 that someday I’d do it for her. 34. A. pretended B. decided C. perfected D. agreed 〖2001 全国卷〗 Russian scientist said that the Abominable Snowman was __14__ and was a remaining link with the prehistoric humans. But, __15__, no evidence has ever__16__been produced. 16. A. rightly B. actually C. normally D. particularly 〖2003 安徽春季卷〗He went to the clerk to ___14___ his ticket. The clerk looked at the ticket with___15___. “Why, sir, but your flight was at nine o’clock in the morning, and ___16___ it is eight in the evening.” 15. A. astonishment B. patience C. respect D. delight 〖2003 全国卷〗I played a racquetball game against my cousin Ed last week. It was one of the most ___1___ and tiring games I’ve ever had. When Ed first phoned and ___2___ we play, I laughed quietly, figuring on an ___3___ victory. 1. A. encouraging B. hopeless C. surprising D. regular 〖2004 上海卷〗 The law of over learning explains why cramming for an examination,

__62__ it may result in a passing grade, is not a ___63___way to learn a school course. 63. A. convenient B. demanding C. satisfactory D. swift 〖2002 全国卷〗 He burst out laughing and said,“Why, you fool, he used his ___17___ and asked for them. I’ve been ___18___ that on all my customers today, but I knew ___19___ I’d catch you.” ”Why is that?” I asked. 19. A. for sure B. at once C. in fact D. right now 〖1998 全国卷〗It seemed that there was ___13___ suitable work for him. So he ___14___ to join the army. Mrs. Fant was so ___15___ about this that she told the ___16___ to all her neighbours. 14. A. began B. promised C. managed D. decided 〖1997 全国卷〗Just ___18___, Todd saw the headlights coming at him and a car pulled in for ___19___. There it was, a white Ford. He saw the ___20___, LJR 1939. “What should I do?” Todd had to make a quick ___21___. “Yes, sir?” Todd ___22___ while making up his mind for sure. 21. A. decision B. call C. movement D. remark 〖1994 全国卷〗Now he was ___8___ he could do ___9__ only a balancing pole. Philippe walked his way across, a ___10___ of 131 feet. 8. A. sure B. uncertain C. glad D. nervous 〖1992 全国卷〗In 1964, a Russian scientist said that the Abominable Snowman was ___14___ and was a remaining link with the prehistoric humans. But, ___15___, no evidence has ever ___16___ been produced. 16. A. rightly B. actually C. normally D. particularly 1.方向: fall in love with (下) ;hit hit the roof (上) ;The wind had picked up . (起 =上) 。 In order to make the work easier,I climbed over the window and stood __47_ the window . 47. A.inside B.by C.outside D.beside 方向暗示关键词 over:结束;正上方;越过(eg:overcome 克服 =get over) ;翻转(eg: Joe kicked 踢 the chair over。Joe 把椅子踢翻) 。我越过(over)窗户,所以应该是站在窗户 外面,故用 outside。 2.正负: 正:积极的,肯定的(excited, improve, progress 等); 负:祁使句,否定句, 否定词,绝对词(be careful! He didn’t go. never, seldom, no, nothing, little, few; always, only, all, any, every, the whole, must, completely 等.) 〖2013 江西卷〗 Diane Ray was completely self-centered and very spoilt. Her parents gave her 36 she wanted, knowing that she would throw a temper tantrum(耍小孩脾气)if they did not. She would scream and kick and 37 on the floor drumming her heels. Her parents always 38 . 38. A. set out B. set in C. gave in D. gave out 38.C。她一耍小孩脾气,她的父母总是屈服、让步(gave in) 。set out 开始,出发;set in 以…为背景;gave out 分发,用完。 〖2011·浙江卷〗He led me 35 the crowded shop and to a bench with a large professional karaoke box on it.He placed his large hand 36 on his treasure and said. “I have 800 karaoke songs in here. You can take your 37 and I’ll record them for you .That should get you started.” 36. A. Unhappily B. lovingly C. pitifully D. gratefully 36.感情色彩法,此法多用于解决形容词或副词。下文出现 treasure 财宝,是正面词汇,B 和 D 是正面积极的,但店主对自己的宝物应该是爱不释手,心爱地触摸,故选 B. lovingly。 〖2010·全国Ⅰ卷〗He replied that she 46 knew who he was ,that she had not been able to 47 him for five years now. I was 48 and asked him,” And you 49 go every morning, even though she doesn’t know who you are?” 46. A. so far B . neither C . no longer D . already 46.结合后文,49 空那句话给出了很好的对应。neither 表示否定 2 者。C. no longer。 〖2010·江西卷〗 But then, something __51_ happened. The car began changing. First, its color__52__from black to silvery-grey. Then,the wheels began disappearing, but the car continued to move forward, __53__ just above the ground. 52.A developed B appeared C spread D faded 52.A 发展,B 出现,C 传播,D 褪色。从 black 变成了 silvery-grey,就是由黑变灰,选 D。



3.逻辑(关系) 上面我们提到了方向的正负及中性,每个词汇也可分作+、-、0(中性,用 0 表示) 。在完 形填空里面,最终的内容都是正面的,积极的(因为我们是祖国的花朵, 在中国的应试教育里面 是不允许有负向消极的词汇,想必这个您懂) 。 关于逻辑,举一个例子(...of course ...but...) 。一个女孩要和她男朋友分手了,于是按照中 国含蓄的习惯来说都是说.其实呢, 你很好啦, 对我也挺好的。 (这是男孩倍夸得心花怒放, 嘿嘿) , 这时女孩说了,但是你太丑了(这是男孩的心沉入了谷底,心情糟糕透了) ,女孩见状,忙说, 其实你还是可以找到更好的啦,没事的啦。套用上面的词组(+)of course(-) but (+)。 You are friendly ,of course you are ugly ,but I believe you can find a better one . 于是我们可以了解到正负向的用处,而在完形填空中,描述主人公的一切都应该是正向的。 区别了正负向,我们可以在每个句子里面标出正负向,便于答题。 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------〖2013 北京卷〗Lola never thinks about 51 . She is presently at level 7 while the highest is level 10 in gymnastics. Her 52 is to reach level 9. She says she wants to be a gymnastics coach to pass down what she’s learned to other kids 53 she grew up. 51. A. defending B. quitting C. winning D. bargaining 〖2013 天津卷〗 26 , the disastrous effects of the drought(旱灾)were felt all over our country. It was a challenging time for everyone, 27 Dad remained optimistic. 26. A. Thankfully B. Hopefully C. Unfortunately D. Strangely 〖2005·湖北卷〗 In the first two year of the __40__ in former Yugoslavia(前南斯拉夫), 28 reporters and photographers were killed. Hundreds more were __41__. What kind of people put themselves in danger to __42__ pictures to our TV screens and __43__ to our newspapers? Why do they do it? 41. A. injured B. buried C. defeated D. saved 〖2005·江西卷〗 Whatever their bills came to, he 53 gave them back the few odd pence (零钱), and I am sure they thought he was very generous (慷慨). 53.A.never B.ever C.seldom D.always
51.B。通过本段下文可知,Lola 还会继续努力,从目前的体操 7 级达到九级,因此她没有想过放弃。defend 防 卫;辩护; quit 停止;放弃; bargain 讨价还价。 26.C。本句的意思是:这次干旱的灾难性影响在全国都能感受得到。这是坏事,所以应该用 unfortunately. 其 他三个选项的意思分别是:谢天谢地;满怀希望地;很奇怪,均与句意不符。 28 reporters and photographers were killed。更多的人应该是受伤。A。 53.下文 they thought he was very generous (慷慨).可知他“总是”多找一些零钱。故选 D.always。

〖2013 安徽卷〗Learning a new language is never __53__. But with some work and devotion, you’ll make progress. And you’ll be __54__ by the positive reaction of some people when you say just a few words in __55__ own language. Good luck! 53. A. tiresome B. hard C. interesting D. easy 〖2013 天津卷〗From dawn to dusk, he works countless hours to 31 our family. He always puts our happiness 32 his own, and never fails to cheer me on at my sports games 33 his exhaustion after long days. His loving and selfless nature has inspired me to become more sympathetic and 34 , putting others first. 32. A. after B. before C. beside D. under 〖2013 上海卷〗A study carried out by the U.N.-sponsored World Commission on the Social Dimension of Globalization shows that only a few developing countries have actually 58 from integration into the world economy and that the poor, the uneducated, unskilled workers, and native peoples have been left behind. 59 , they maintain that globalization may eventually threaten emerging businesses. 58. A. suffered B. profited C. learned D. withdrawn 〖2013 江西卷〗 “What are you doing ?” a voice asked. Diane jumped. She did not know that the man was there 44 he spoke . “I’m going diving, ” she answered. “You shouldn’t swim that day, ” the man 45 . “There is a storm coming up.” “You should mind your own 46 !” Diane replied and walked into the gentle waves.



“If you go out there you’ ll be 47 ,” the man called after her. She did not bother to reply. Diane slipped into the water and dived 48 until white caps began rolling in and it became harder to 49 against the current (水流). Saltwater hit against her face, making it 50 to breathe. Oh, why had she not listened to advice. 48. A. nervously B. sadly C. shyly D. happily 〖2013 新课标 II 卷〗In winter, Mr.Greenberg does not 20 like other New Yorkers, who look at the sidewalk and 21 the street. He looks around at 22 .He stops when he 23 someone with no gloves. He gives them a pair and then he 24 , looking for more people with cold 25 . On winter days, Mr.Greenberg 26 gloves. During the rest of the year, he 27 gloves. People who have heard about him 28 him gloves, and he has many in his apartment. 27. A. borrows B. sells C. returns D. buys
53. D。 根据下文暗示解题。根据下文“But with some work and devotion, you’ll make progress”可知, 学习一门新的语言从来都不容易(easy) 。其余三项分别意为:令人厌烦的;困难的,努力的,坚硬的;有趣的,均不 符合题意。 32.B。句意为:他总是把我们的幸福放在他自己的“前面” ,而且……。 58. 答案:B。本句是说只有一部分发展中国家实际上受益于融合进世界经济,根据后面的 the poor, unskilled… 可知这是对比。解题关键是抓住 only 一词。 48.D。根据词语的感情色彩和语境解题。首先,D 项的感情色彩明显不同于其他三项;其次,她达成所愿,因此 会潜得很开心(happily) 。 27.他冬天发手套,过了冬天就买手套,以备冬天发放。故选 D。

比如,2011 年高考的时候就有人假借吴军老师的名义实施骗局!他在网上贴吧和博客 上出卖的教案根本不是吴军的核心授课教案,是免费公益版的;另外淘宝网上卖的也是假 的,是武汉某某在沈阳吴军高分英语家教网站上或百度文库,英语周报英语教师网及新浪 爱问共享资料上免费下载的,是可以免费得到的,然而他却卖你 3000 元,但其并非吴军本 人核心授课教案!声明:没有与沈阳吴军本人联络,且未将款项打入沈阳吴军个人银行帐 号的交易与吴军无任何关系,其后果自负!已经上当的家长,请看一下你得到的是类似如 下吴军高分教案吗? 不要图便宜,还是与吴军本人亲自交易吧!
spoken a. 口语的 sponsor n【宗教】教父,教母。倡议者,保证人 spokesman/spokeswoman n.(pl.-men) spoon n. 匙, 调羹 sport n. 体育运动,锻炼;(复,英)运动会 spot n. 斑点,污点;场所,地点 v. 沾上污渍 spread v. 延伸; 展开 (spread, spread) spring n. 春天,春季 n. 泉水,泉 spy n. 密探,间谍 v. 侦探,刺探 square n. 广场 a. 平方的;方形的,宽而结实的 squirrel n. 松鼠 stable['steibl]adj.稳定的,牢固的;平稳的 stadium n. (露天)体育场 stage n. 舞台;阶段 stair n. 楼梯 stamp n. 邮票 stand n. 站;立;停止;立场;地位;台;坛;摊 stand (stood, stood) v. 站;立经受; standard n. & a. 标准(的) star n. 星,恒星 stare vi. 盯,凝视 start v. 开始,着手;出发 state n. 状态; 情形;国家,(美国的)州 station n. 站,所,车站;电台 statement n. 陈述,说明 status n. 地位 stay n.& vi. 停留,逗留,呆

steak n. 牛排,肉排,鱼排 steal (stole, stolen) vt. 偷, 窃取 steam n. 汽,水蒸气 steel n. 钢,钢铁 steep a. 陡峭的 step n. 脚步,台阶,梯级 vi. 走; 跨步 stick (stuck, stuck) vi. 粘住,钉住;坚持 n. 木棒(棍),枝条 still a. 不动的,平静的 ad. 仍然,还 stomach n. 胃,胃部 stone n. 石头,石料 stop n. 停;(停车)站 v. 停,停止,阻止 store n. 商店 vt. 储藏,存储 storm n. 风暴,暴(风)雨 story n. 故事,小说 stove n. (供烹饪用的 )火炉,煤炉,电炉 straight a. 一直的,直的 ad. 一直地,直地 strange a. 奇怪的,奇特的,陌生的 stranger n. 陌生人,外人 straw n. 稻草,麦秆 strawberry n. 草莓 stream n. 小河; 溪流 street n. 街,街道 strict a. 严格的,严密的 strike v. (钟)鸣;敲(响);罢工 vt. (打)火, strong a. 强(壮)的;坚固的;强烈的;坚强的 struggle vi. 斗争 student n. 学生 studio n. .工作室,画室 study v. 学习;研究 n. 书房 style n. 风格 stupid a. 愚蠢的,笨的 subject n. 题目;主题;学科;主语;主体 succeed vi. 成功 success n. 成功 successful a. 成功的,有成就的 such ad. 那么 pron. (泛指)人,事物 a.这样的,那样的 sudden a. 突然的 suffer vi. 受苦,遭受 sugar n. 糖 suggest vt. 建议,提议 suggestion n.建议 suit vt. 适合 n. 一套(衣服) suite n. 套间;组曲 suitable a. 合适的,适宜的 suitcase n. (旅行用)小提箱,衣箱 summary n. 摘要,概要 summer n. 夏天,夏季 sun n. 太阳,阳光 sunlight n. 日光,阳光 sunny a. 晴朗的;阳光充足的 sunshine n. 阳光 super adj. 超级的 supermarket n. 超级市场 supper n. 晚餐,晚饭 supply vt.& n. 供给,供应 support vt.& n. 支持,赞助 suppose vt. 猜想,假定,料想 sure a. 确信,肯定 ad. (口语)的确,一定,当然

surface n. 表面 surprise vt. 使惊奇,使诧异 n. 惊奇,诧异 surrounding a. 周围的 survive v.幸存 suspect n. 犯罪嫌疑人 swallow vt. 吞下; 咽下 sweat n. 汗,汗水 sweater n. 厚运动衫,毛衣 sweep(swept,swept) v. 扫除,扫 sweet n. 甜食;蜜饯;甜点;糖果;芳香 a.甜的; swell (swelled, swollen) v. 膨胀,隆起 swim n. 游泳,游 (swam, swum) vi. 游泳,游 symbol n. 象征,符号 system n. 体系; 系统 T table n. 桌子,表格 tail n. (动物的)尾巴 take (took, taken) vt. 拿;拿走;做; tale n. [C]传说,故事 talk n.& v. 谈话,讲话,演讲;交谈 tall a. 高的 tap n. (自来水、煤气等的)龙头 tape n. 磁带;录音带 task n. 任务, 工作 taste n. 品尝, 尝味;味道 vt. 品尝, 尝味 tasty a. 味道好的 taxi n. 出租汽车 tea n. 茶;茶叶 teach(taught,taught) v. 教书,教 teacher n. 教师,教员 team n. 队,组 tear n. 眼泪 v. 扯破, 撕开 (tore,torn) technology n. 技术 teenager n. (13~19 岁的)青少年,十几岁的少年 telephone v. 打电话 n. 电话 television n. 电视 tell (told, told) vt. 告诉;讲述;吩咐 temperature n. 温度 tennis n. 网球 tent n. 帐篷 term n. 学期;术语;条款;项 terrible a. 可怕的;糟糕的 test vt.& n. 测试, 考查,试验 text n. 文本,课文 textbook n. 课本,教科书 than conj. 比 thank vt. 感谢,致谢,道谢 n. (复)感谢,谢意 thankful a. 感谢的,感激的 that a.& pron. 那,那个 conj. 那个 ad. 那么, the art. 这(那)个,这(那)些 theatre (美 theater) n. 剧场,戏院 their pron. 他(或她、它)们的 theirs pron. 他(或她、它)们的 them pron. 他/她/它们(宾格) themselves pron. 他/她/它们自己 then ad. 当时,那时;然后;那么 there int. 那!你瞧 n. 那里,那儿 ad. 在那里, therefore ad. 因此,所以

these a. & pron. 这些 they pron. 他(她)们;它们;人们 thick a. 厚的 thief (复 thieves) n. 窃贼, 小偷 thin a. 薄的;瘦的;稀的 thing n. 东西;(复)物品,用品;事情,事件 think(thought, thought) v. 想;认为;考虑 this a.& pron. 这,这个 those a.& pron. 那些 though conj. 虽然,可是 thought n. 思考,思想 ;念头 thread n. 线 throat n. 喉咙 through prep. 穿(通)过;从始至终 ad. 穿(通)过;自始至终,全部 throw(threw, thrown) v. 投,掷,扔 thunder n.& v. 雷声,打雷 thunderstorm n. 雷电交加的暴风雨 thus ad. 这样; 因而 tick vt. 作记号 ticket n. 票;卷 tidy a. 整洁的,干净的 vt. 弄整洁,弄干净 tie vt.系,拴,扎 n. 领带,绳子,结;关系 tiger n. 老虎 till conj.& prep. 直到,直到……为止 time n. 时间;时期;钟点;次,回 vt. 测定……的时间,记录……的时间 timetable n.时间表;课表 tiny a. 极小的,微小的 tire vi. 使疲劳 tired a. 疲劳的,累的 title n. 标题,题目 to prep. (动词不定式符号,无词义);(表示接受动作的人或物)给;对,向,到;在……之 前 toast v/n.吐司,烤面包片,烤(面包 tobacco n. 烟草,烟叶 today ad.& n. 今天;现在,当前 together ad. 一起,共同 toilet n. 厕所 tomato n. 西红柿,番茄 tomb n. 坟墓 tomorrow ad. & n. 明天 ton n. (重量单位)吨 tongue n. 舌,舌头 tonight ad.& n. 今晚,今夜 too ad. 也,还;又;太,过分;很,非常 tool n. 工具,器具 tooth (复 teeth) n. 牙齿 toothache n. 牙痛 toothbrush n. 牙刷 toothpaste n. 牙膏 top n. 顶部,(物体的)上面 topic n. 题目,话题 total a. 总数的 n. 合计, v. 合计为 touch vt. 触摸,接触 tour n. 参观, 观光, 旅行 tourist n. 旅行者,观光者 toward(s) prep. 向,朝,对于 towel n. 毛巾 tower n. 塔 town n. 城镇,城

toy n. 玩具, 玩物 trade n. 贸易 vt. 用……进行交换 tradition n. 传统 traditional adj. 传统的 traffic n. 交通,来往车辆 train n. 火车 v. 培训,训练 training n. 培训 translate vt. 翻译 translation n. 翻译; 译文 translator n. 翻译家,译者 transport n.& vt. travel n.& vi. 旅行 traveler n. 旅行者 treasure n. 金银财宝; 财富 treatment n. 治疗,疗法 tree n. 树 triangle n.& adj. 三角形;三角形的 trick n. 诡计,把戏 trip n. 旅行,旅程 trolleybus n. troop troops vi. n. 成群结队地走 部队 trouble vt. 使苦恼,使忧虑,使麻烦 n. 问题,疾病 trousers n. 裤子,长裤 truck n. 卡车, 运货车;车皮 v. 装车;用货车运 true a. 真的,真实的;忠诚的 truly ad. 真正地,真实地 trust vt. 相信,信任,信赖 truth n. 真理,事实,真相,实际情况 try v. 试,试图,努力 T-shirt n. T 恤衫 turn v. 旋转,翻转,转变,转弯 n. 轮流, tutor n. 家庭教师 TV=television n. 电视 twice adv. 两倍,两次 twin n. 双胞胎之一 type vt. 打字 n. typewriter n. 打字机 typist n. 打字员 tyre/tire n. 轮胎 U ugly a. 丑陋的; 难看的 umbrella n. 雨伞 uncle n. 叔;伯;舅;姑夫;姨父 under ad.& prep. 在……下面,向……下面 underground a. 地下的 bn. 地铁 understand (understood, understood) v. 懂得;明白 unfair a. 不公平的,不公正的 uniform n. 制服 unit n. 单元,单位 universe n. 宇宙 university n. 大学 unless conj. 如果不,除非 until prep.& 直到……为止 conj. unusual a. 不平常的,异常的 up ad. 向上 a. 上面的 v. 举起 prep. 向; upon prep. 在……上面 upstairs ad. 在楼上,到楼上 us pron. 我们

use n.& vt. 利用,使用,应用 used a. 用过的;旧的;二手的 useful a. 有用的,有益的 useless a. 无用的 user n. .使用者,用户 usual a. 通常的,平常的 V vacation n. 假期,休假 valuable a. 值钱的,贵重的 value n. 价值,益处 various a. 各种各样的,不同的 vase n. (花)瓶;瓶饰 vast a. 巨大的,广阔的 VCD n. 影碟光盘 vegetable n. 蔬菜 vehicle n. 车辆 very ad. 很,非常 vest n. 背心,内衣 victory n. 胜利 video n. 录像,视频 view n. 看法,见解;风景,景色 village n. 村庄,乡村 villager n. 村民 vinegar n. 醋 violent a. 暴力的 violin n. 小提琴 visit n.& vt. 参观,访问,拜访 visitor n. 访问者,参观者 visual adj. 视力的;视觉 vocabulary n. 词汇, 词汇表 voice n. 说话声; 语态 volcano n. 火山 volleyball n. 排球 voyage n. [C]航行,航海;旅行 W wage n. 薪水;报酬 waist n. 腰 wait vi. 等,等候 waiter n. (餐厅)男服务员 waiting -room n.候诊室,候车室 waitress n. 女服务员 wake (woke, woken) v.醒来,叫醒 walk n.& v. 步行;散步 wall n. 墙 wallet n. 钱包 wander v. want vt. 想,想要,需要,必要 war n. 战争 vt. 警告,预先通知 warm a. 暖和的,温暖的;热情的 warn 警告, 提醒; 告诫; 预先通知, 预告 wash n.洗(涤)冲洗,洗剂,泼溅,洗的衣服 v.洗(涤), washroom n. 盥洗室 waste n.& vt. 浪费 watch vt. 观看,注视;当心,注意 n. 手表,表 water n. 水 v. 浇水 watermelon n. 西瓜 wave n. (热、光、声等的)波,波浪 v. 挥手,挥动,波动 way n. 路,路线;方式,手段

we pron. 我们 web n. .蜘蛛网;网状物;网状组织 website n. 网址 weak a. 差的,弱的,淡的 weakness n. 软弱 wealth n. 财产,财富 wealthy a. 富的 wear (wore, worn) v. 穿,戴 weather n. 天气 week n. 星期,周 weekday n. 工作日 weekend n. 周末 weigh vt. 称…的重量,重(若干) weight n. 重,重量 welcome int.n. & v.欢迎 a. 受欢迎的 well (better, best) ad. 好, a.好的,,健康的 int. 表示惊 west a. (在)西; ad. 在西方,向西方 n.西部 western a. 西方的,西部的 wet a. 湿的,潮的,多雨的 whale n. 鲸 what pron. 什么,怎么样 a. 多么,何等;什么 whatever conj. & pron.无论什么,不管什么 wheat n. 小麦 wheel n. 轮子 when conj. 当…的时候 ad. 什么时候,何时 whenever conj. 每当,无论何时 where ad. 在哪里;往哪里 wherever conj. 无论在哪里 whether conj. 是否 which pron. 那(哪)一个;那(哪)一些 a.这(哪)个; whichever pron. 无论哪个;无论哪些 while conj.在…的时候,和…同时 n. 一会儿, whisper v. 低语,私下说 【2014 高考备考建议】 为了能使广大 2014 届高三的师生英语总复习更加有方向性和针对性, 我们特邀请资深英语教育 专家蔡章兵老师来谈谈 2014 年高考英语总复习重难点、复习方法、备考高分策略及复习资料的 选择。 蔡章兵老师认为高考英语要取胜, 总复习一定要坚持以下总原则: 夯实基础强化阅读理解完形 填空书面表达(写作)及新题型的训练。在夯实基础的前提下,后期每天必须坚持 2-3 篇高质 量的阅读完形的训练,同时加强书面表达、阅读表达及短文改错等新题型的专项训练。 英语单选主要是测试考生对英语语法、词汇知识和简单表达形式的掌握情况,重点是考察学生 在具体语境中灵活运用所学语言知识。单选可以总结成以下几个字“熟知考点,结合语境,避开 干扰,抓住关键,运用方法,巧妙解题。”考生应结合语境,使用“还原法”、 “添加法”、 “删 除法”、“代入法”、“翻译法” 剖析句子。要注意标点符号的提示、疑问句、多余信息的干 扰和省略了的成份。 从近几年高考英语试卷的情况来看, 单选以中低难度为主, 蔡老师认为 2014 年也不例外,仍继续保持以中低难度为主的特点,并且还有降低难度趋势,太多的精力放在语法 上是不明智之举。 阅读完形写作是高考英语获胜的核心和关键。今年阅读完形占近 100 分,得阅读者得高考,高 考英语成败的关键就在阅读和完形上面。 现在高考强调选材与时俱进, 所以做一些高质量的原创 时文阅读理解也是必要的。关于阅读,要学会运用各种技巧,重点加强主旨大意,推理判断,长 难句等专题训练。 在高考中, 因为时间关系, 强调读得又要快, 准确率又要高, 所以建议使用 《快 速阅读高手 26 招》来对上面几个高考学生失分严重和拉差距的地方进行必要的专题训练。关于 完形填空,总的原则: “先完意,后完形”。八字方针:“上下求索,瞻前顾后”,基本步骤: 三遍三用阅读法。QQ757722345 空间有一篇叫“完形填空这样训练很效”的文章很值得大家 去看。另外,每天一定要坚持读 2-3 篇高质量的阅读或完形,《奇速英语阅读完形周周练》是 非常不错的材料。第一是因为选材新、与时俱进、时文原创、选材时间又与高考阅读完形试题选 材时间大体相同,容易撞车;第二是所有试题都是由资深特高级名师实名原创,这些名师,都是 多次参加过包括高考在内的各种大型命题工作,质量上有充分保证。

英语书面表达(写作)是另一个训练的重点,先抓基础词汇、基本写作句型,在此基础上,灵 活运用“五步法”,具体说来包括:一审、二提、三联、四查、五写。另多看往年的高考试卷, 了解高考写作的类型,最后能背 5~8 篇不同的范文,具体写作方法、写作模板和写作范文可以 参看《奇速英语高考英语考前 30 天》的必背部分。 whistle n. 口哨 white a. 白色的 n. 白色 who pron. 谁 whole a. 整个的 whom pron. (who 的宾格 ) whose pron. 谁的 why ad./ int. 为什么, 你难道不知道 wide a. 宽阔的 widespread a. 普遍的;广泛的 wife n. 妻子 wild a. 未开发的,荒凉的;野生的,野的 wildlife n. 野生生物 will n. 意志, 遗嘱 v. 将,会(表示将来);愿意,要 willing a. 乐意的; 愿意的 win (won, won) n. 获胜,赢得 wind n. 风 (wound,wound) vt. 缠,蜿蜒,弯曲 window n. 窗户;计算机的窗 windy a. 有风的,多风的 wine n. 酒 wing n. 机翼,翅膀 winner n. 获胜者 winter n. 冬天,冬季 wire n. 电线 wisdom n. 智慧 wise a. 聪明,英明的,有见识的 wish n. 愿望,祝愿 vt. 希望,想要,祝愿 with[wIT]prep.与…(在)一起,带着;有…的,持有,随身带着;以,用;在…的情况下;尽管,虽然; 若是,如果;因为;随着 withdraw v 缩回(手等) 撤销,取消,撤回(申请、诉讼等) within prep. 在……里面 without prep. 没有 wolf (pl. wolves)n.狼 woman ( 复 women) n.妇女女人 wonder v.想知道 n. 惊讶,惊叹;奇迹 wonderful a. 美妙的,精彩的;了不起的;太好了 wood n.木头,木材,(复)树木,森林 wool n. 羊毛,羊绒 word n. 词,单词;话 work n. 工作,劳动,事情 vi. 工作 worker n. 工人;工作者 world n. 世界 worldwide a. 遍及全球的,世界范围的 worm n. 虫,蠕虫;蛀虫;寄生虫 worried a.担忧的 worry n.& v.烦恼,担忧,发怒,困扰 would modal v.(will 的过去时)将会,打算,想要,过去常常 wound vt.伤,伤害 n.创伤,伤口 wrist n. write (wrote, written) v. 写,书写;写作,著述 wrong a.错误,不正常,有毛病的 X X-ray n. X 射线,X 光 Y yard n. 码; 院子;场地

year n. 年 yellow a. 黄色的 yes ad. 是,好,同意 yesterday n.& ad. 昨天 yet ad. 尚,还,仍然 yoghurt n. 酸奶;酸乳酪 you pron. 你;你们 young a. 年轻的 your pron. 你的;你们的 yours pron. 你的;你们的(名词性物主代词) yourself pron. 你自己 youth n. 青春; 青年 yummy a.好吃的 Z zebra n. .斑马,斑马线 zero n. & num. 零;零度;零点 zip v&n. .拉开(或扣上)拉链,拉链

zoo n. 动物园



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