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高中英语 Unit 2 English around the world Section Ⅱ Learning about Language,Using Language, 同步测评


Section Ⅱ

Learning about Language,Using

Language,Summing Up & Learning Tip
一、写作词汇检测 根据每一组的提示词,完成或者翻译句子。 1.recognize 1)The book is now 2)我没有听出他的声音。 as the most p

opular one.

答案:1)recognized 2)I didn’t recognize his voice. 2.play a part in 1)The old man has 2)赵薇将在这种电影中担任主演。 in carrying out the plan.

答案:1)played a part 2)Zhao Wei will play a leading part in the movie/film. 3.command 1)He has 2)你的哥哥精通法语吗? that the task should be finished on time.

答案:1)commanded 2)Does your brother have a good command of French?

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运用所学单词或短语造句。 4.request (v.)

答案:We requested that we should have a rest in five minutes. 5.expression

答案:The mountain scenery is beyond expression. 二、阅读词汇检测 阅读下列句子,说出黑体词的含义。 1.I wanted to move round him,but he blocked my way. 含义: 答案:挡住 2.He has an Australian accent when he speaks Chinese. 含义: 答案:口音;腔调 3.The Spanish are the people who come from Spain. 含义: 答案:西班牙人 4.He drove a lorry along the road. 含义:

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答案:卡车 5.My brother is afraid of lightning. 含义: 答案:闪电 三、单句填空 1.He told me 答案:to do 2.I don’t know the way 答案:that/in which 3.My husband has lost so much weight that he can hardly (recognize). 答案:be recognized 4.Do you know who will play 答案:the 5.Having lived in China for 8 years,Helen has a good command 答案:of 6.It (request) that each of the teachers invited should give a Chinese. major part in the film? he will solve the problem. (do) that again.

performance at the party. 答案:is/was requested 四、同义句转换 1.Tom is less like his father,but more like his mother. Tom is 答案:more;than 3 like his mother his father.

2.Animals like cats and dogs don’t need hibernation(冬眠). Animals, 答案:such as 3.Nowadays many college students have difficulty in finding a job,although they get a high degree from a key university. Nowadays many college students have difficulty in finding a job, they get a high degree from a key university. 答案:even if/though 4.You should use the present equipment well. You should 答案:make good use of 五、完成句子 1.信不信由你,她已经和我相爱两年了。 ,she has been in love with me for two years. 答案:Believe it or not 2.众所周知,勤奋在成功中起着重要的作用。 As we all know,diligence 答案:plays an important role/part 3.抱歉,这里没有叫王林的人。 Sorry,there is 答案:no such person 4.他被公认为中国最好的电影导演之一。 called Wang Lin here. in success. the present equipment. cats and dogs,don’t need hibernation.

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He is 答案:recognized as 5.发生这起事故是因为他的粗心。 The accident happened 答案:because of 六、单句改错

one of the greatest film directors in China.

his carelessness.

1.More than one of the students in our school have been awarded a scholarship.

答案:have→has 2.Why don’t you try learning the second foreign language since you’ve mastered English?

答案:the→a 3.Good social relationship plays important role in the success of your career.

答案:plays 后面加 an 4.Learning Russian was popular there in 1950s.

答案:1950s 前面加 the 5.China Daily is rather than a newspaper,for it can also serve as a useful textbook for our English study.

答案:rather→more 5

七、阅读理解 A If you ask people to name one person who had the greatest effect on the English language,you will get answers like “Shakespeare” “Samuel Johnson” and “Webster”,but none of these men had any effect at all compared(与??比) to a man who didn’t even speak English—William the Conqueror. Before 1066,in the land we now call Great Britain lived peoples belonging to two major language groups.In the west-central region lived the Welsh,who spoke a Celtic language,and in the north lived the Scots,whose language,though not the same as Welsh,was also Celtic.In the rest of the country lived the Saxons,actually a mixture of Anglos,Saxons,and other Germanic and Nordic peoples,who spoke what we now call Anglo-Saxon (or Old English),a Germanic language.If this state of affairs had lasted,English today would be close to German. But this state of affairs did not last.In 1066 the Normans led by William defeated the Saxons and began their rule(统治) over England.For about a century,French became the official language of England while Old English became the language of peasants(农民).As a result,English words of politics and the law come from French rather than German.In some cases,modern English even shows a distinction(区别)between upper-class French and lower-class Anglo-Saxon in its words.We even have different words for some foods,meat in particular,depending on whether it is still out in the fields or at home ready to be cooked,which shows the fact that the Saxon peasants were doing farming,while the upper-class Normans were doing most of the eating. When Americans visit Europe for the first time,they usually find Germany more “foreign” than France because the German they see on signs and advertisements seems much more different from English than French does.Few realize that the English language is actually Germanic in its beginning and that the French influences are all the result of one man’s ambition. 1.Which of the following groups of words are,by inference,rooted in French?

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A.president,lawyer,beef B.president,bread,water C.beard,field,sheep D.folk,field,cow 答案:A 解析:推理判断题。从第三段可知,当时在英国,凡是政治、法律和供 Normans 上层阶级吃的食物, 其名称都来源于法语。 2.Why does France appear less foreign than Germany to Americans on their first visit to Europe? A.Most advertisements in France appear in English. B.They know little of the history of the English language. C.Many French words are similar to English ones. D.They know French better than German. 答案:C 解析:推理判断题。从第四段第一句话“When Americans visit Europe for the first time,they usually find Germany more ‘foreign’ than France because the German they see on signs and advertisements seems much more different from English than French does.”可知法语单词与英语单词比较相似。 3.What is the subject discussed in the text? A.The history of Great Britain. B.The similarity between English and French. C.The rule of England by William the Conqueror. D.The French influences on the English language. 答案:D 7

解析:主旨大意题。通读全文可知,短文主要讨论了法语对英语的影响。

B What is language for?Some people seem to think it’s for practising grammar rules and learning lists of words—the longer the lists,the better.That’s wrong.Language is for the exchange(交流) of ideas and information.It’s meaningless knowing all about a language if you can’t use it freely.Many students I have met know hundreds of grammar rules,but they can’t speak correctly or fluently(流利地).They are afraid of making mistakes.One shouldn’t be afraid of making mistakes when speaking a foreign language.Native speakers make mistakes and break rules,too.Bernard Shaw once wrote,“Foreigners often speak English too correctly.” But the mistakes that native speakers make are different from those that Chinese students make.They’re English mistakes in the English language.And if enough native speakers break a rule,it is no longer a rule.What used to be wrong becomes right.People not only make history,they make language.But a people can only make its own language.It can’t make another people’s language.So Chinese students of English should pay attention to grammar,but they shouldn’t over do (做过头) it.They should put communication first. 4.What is language used to do? A.To express oneself. B.To practise grammar rules. C.To talk with foreigners only. D.To learn lists of words. 答案:A 解析:细节理解题。express oneself“表达自己的心里话,表达自己”的意思,这和原文中的 “Language is for the exchange of ideas and information.”同义。 5.Generally,when an American or an Englishman speaks English,he .

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A.never makes mistakes B.often makes mistakes C.can’t avoid making mistakes D.always makes mistakes 答案:C 解析:细节理解题。在文中提到“Native speakers make mistakes and break rules,too.”而且 下文也提到类似的情况,所以答案为 C 项,“不可避免地犯错误”。 6.What does the sentence “Foreigners often speak English too correctly.” mean? A.Foreigners speak correct English. B.Foreigners speak incorrect English. C.Foreigners speak English according to the grammar rules. D.Foreigners never make mistakes when they speak English. 答案:C 解析:推理判断题。非英语国家的人在学英语时,首先要学许多的规则,所以他们说话时总是套规则, 太死板。 7.If too many native speakers break a rule, A.what they use will become right B.they are against the law C.they should say sorry to others D.they will become heroes 答案:A 解析:细节理解题。由原文中的“And if enough native speakers break a rule,it is no longer a rule.What used to be wrong becomes right.”可知 A 项是正确答案。 .

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8.What should we do when we speak a foreign language? A.We should speak in a Chinese way. B.We should speak by the rules. C.We should speak to native speakers. D.We should not be afraid of making mistakes. 答案:D 解析:推理判断题。通过文章我们知道语言的作用是什么,而且更明确在学习外语时,我们不仅要学 语法,更重要的是学会使用这种语言来交往,当然就不能怕犯错误。

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