动词过去分词和动词不定式及动词的-ing形式称为非谓 语动词，是高中阶段学习的重点内容，也是高考的常考内容 之一。学习过去分词时应该注意以下几点：一、了解过去分 词的基本概念。二、掌握过去分词的最基本的用法。三、过 去分词和现在分词及不定式在具体应用时的区别。
①Now when people refer to England you find Wales included as well. 如今当有人提起英格兰时，你会发现威尔士也包括在内。
②Finally the English government tried in the early twentieth century to form the United Kingdom by getting Ireland
connected in the same peaceful way.
③. . . ，so Pingyu had a photo taken standing on either side of the line. ??，因此，萍玉就跨着这道线拍了一张照。
1. 表示“意欲；命令”的动词如like, want, wish, expect,
①The father wants his daughter well educated . 这位父亲想让女儿接受良好的教育。
②I would like my house painted white.
2. 感官动词(词组)feel，hear, listen to, see及notice，observe，
①I saw an old man knocked down (看到有位老人被撞倒)by a car just now. ②Many customers felt themselves cheated (感到自己被骗了).
3. 使役动词have, get, make, leave, keep表示“致使”等，
后面可用过去分词作宾语补足语。 Have you got your films developed? 你拿胶卷去冲洗了没有?
①意为“主语请别人做某事”。 He wants to have his eyes examined tomorrow. 译：明天他想检查一下眼睛。(“检查”的动作由医生来进行)
He had his money stolen. 译：他的钱被偷了。(被别人偷去了)
We will have all the work accomplished by this Friday.
4. “with＋宾语＋过去分词”结构中，过去分词作介词with的 宾语补足语。这一结构在句中可以作后置定语、状语(表示时 间、方式、条件、让步、原因、伴随等)。
①With water heated，we can see the steam rising. (作条件状
语) ②She stood in front of him, with her eyes fixed on his face. (作方式状语)
③The murderer was brought in, with his hands tied behind his back. (作伴随状语)
④With the road blocked, we had to make a detour (绕道走).
(作原因状语) ⑤With the matter settled, we all went home. (作时间状语) ⑥The palace with soldiers guarded is the president’s residence (住所). (作定语)
①I felt that I was fooled by a group of fools. →I felt myself fooled by a group of fools. ②I am very happy to see that the fact has been clarified. →I am very happy to see the fact clarified.
③When he entered, he found that the headmaster was seated at the back of the classroom.
→When he entered, he found the headmaster seated at the
back of the classroom.
④As the ground was covered with a layer of ice, he couldn’t
walk without falling. →With the ground covered with a layer of ice, he couldn’t walk without falling.
⑤When he was a child, his mother noticed he was interested
in arithmetics. →When he was a child, his mother noticed him interested in arithmetics. ⑥The boss ordered all the work be finished before 11 pm. →The boss ordered that all the work should be finished before 11 pm.
⑦My father will have someone paint the fence.
→My father will have/get the fence painted.
⑧The boy hurt his left hand when he was playing on the lift.
→The boy had his left hand hurt when he was playing on the
⑨The girl suffers from autism and locks herself in her room
all day long. →The girl suffers from autism and keeps herself locked in her room all day long. ⑩The dustmen were on strike and left the rubbish piled for a week. →The dustmen were on strike and the rubbish were left piled
for a week.
①Claire had her luggage _____ an hour before her plane left. ［2011陕西高考］ A. check C. to check B. checking D. checked
【解析】选D。考查非谓语动词的用法。结构“have sth. done”意为“某事/某物被做”。句意：飞机起飞前，克莱尔 的行李接受了检查。由于名词luggage与动词check之间为被 动关系，故选择过去分词作宾补。
②Even the best writers sometimes find themselves______ for words. A. lose B. lost ［2011浙江高考］
C. to lose
D. having lost
家有时也会难以找到合适的词汇表达。“find oneself +done”
表示“感到自己被??”，由于空格处和themselves有逻辑上 的动宾关系，所以选用过去分词作宾语补足语。其他选项形 式不对。
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