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Unit One Caring for Our Earth
I.教学目标 Objectives . Students will be able to: 1. understand the main idea (Education is not an end, but a means to an end. Education should be various because life is varied.); 2. grasp the key language points and grammatical structures in the text; 3. offer comprehensive listening, reading, speaking and writing exercises. II. 课时安排 Time Allotment 1st period: Pre-reading (Warm-up Practice; Global Reading) nd 2 period: While-reading (Content Questions; Language points ) rd While-reading and Post-reading (Language points; Using Language I) 3 period: th 4 period: Post-reading (Using Language II; Activity) III. 教学内容及过程 Tasks and Process Pre-reading tasks ---Warm-up practice: T reads the students the following passage, and then raises some questions for the students to answer. Schools and Education Life in the twentieth century demands preparation. Today, all individuals in a country must have some schooling to prepare them for their responsibilities as citizens. With this in mind, national leaders everywhere are placing more emphasis on the education of the young. In the United States, government officials, parents, and teachers are working hard to give the children—tomorrow’s decision makers—the best education. There is no national school policy in the United States. Each state makes its own rules and regulations for its schools, but there are many similarities among them. Public schools in all states are supported by taxes paid by the citizens of the individual state. When they are six years old, children begin elementary school. After six years in elementary school, they go into junior high school and remain there for three years. The last three years of their public school education are spent in senior high school, from which they graduate at the age of eighteen. A great number of high school graduates continue their education in one of the many colleges or universities in the country. After four years, they receive a bachelor’s degree. Some continue studying for a master’s degree and perhaps a
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doctoral degree. ---Why are national leaders everywhere placing more emphasis on the education of the young? ( Because life in the twentieth century demands preparation. All individuals in a country must have some schooling to prepare them for their responsibilities as citizens.) ---When do children go into junior high school? (They go into junior high school after six years in elementary school.) ---What do most high school graduates do after they graduate from senior high school? (They continue their education in one of the many colleges or universities in the country.) ---Global reading Skimming for Main Idea: Ss skim the text and come up with the main idea of it. (Education is not an end, but a means to an end. Education should be various because life is varied.) While-reading tasks ---Content questions T may refer to those questions on page 8 of the textbook to check on the students’ global understanding of the text --- Language points 1. end: purpose, aim Examples: She spared no efforts to win her end. He wants to buy a house, and is saving money to that end. 他想买一幢房子,并且正为此攒钱呢。 gain (win, achieve) one’s end(s) for ( to ) this end 2. means ( often treated as singular): method, way, by which a result may be obtained Examples: You’d better try every possible means to get the job done. Thoughts are expected by means of words. 3. fit: make (sb.) suitable or competent (for sth., to do or to be sth.) Examples: The young man tried his best to fit himself for his new duties. Can we make the punishment fit the crime? 4. as soon as 一…就… Examples: He left for home yesterday as soon as he received the letter. As soon as I saw him I told him the news.
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5. as a result (of) 作为 (…) 的结果 Examples: As a result of his carelessness, he failed in the final examination. He lost one leg as a result of that car accident. 6. none: not any; no one Examples: None of these books is (are) mine. It is none of your business. None of us are (is) afraid of difficulties. 7. ashamed adj. (predicative only): feeling shame Examples: You should be ashamed of yourself. He was ashamed to ask for help. He felt ashamed that he had done so little. 8. on the other hand also, on the one hand,…(and/but ) on the other hand,…: to indicate contrasted opinions, viewpoints, etc. Examples: The price is low; but on the other hand, the quality is poor. On the one hand I have to work, on the other hand I have to study. 9. be suited ( for, to ): be fitted, have the right qualities Examples: Western democracy is not necessarily suited to (for) China. Jack and his wife seem well suited to one another. 10. look down upon sb. (sth.): despise; consider oneself more important than Examples: We don’t like him because he always looks down upon us. Intellectuals should never look down upon farmers. 11. know-how: knowledge of how to do sth. Examples: All jobs are necessary to society, so we must master all the necessary know-how to do our jobs well. He never hesitates to pass his technical know-how to others. 12. so + aux. V. + (pro) noun, meaning “also” Examples: You are so young and so am I. Tom speaks French and so does his brother. John has read that book and so has Mary. 13. It is + adj. + to do Examples: It is necessary to study English well. It was interesting to hear him talk about his life at university. 14. no matter whether ( who, what, how, where, etc.) 不论是否(何人,何物,如何, 何处等)
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Examples: No matter what he days, I do not believe him. You should live in the countryside, no matter where. 15. whether … or … 不管… 还是; 是…还是 Examples: Whether man or woman, young or old, all have to learn. Whether you like it or not, you will have to do it.

Post-reading tasks --- Ss have a discussion on some basic sentence patterns and practice by making up some sentences. --- Ss have a dictation. --- T checks if students have done the rest of the after-text exercises in their spare time, discuss some problems if they have. IV. 练习 / 讨论 Exercises / Discussion Using Language ---Useful expressions Put the Chinese expressions into English: 1. 必要的技能 2. 服务人员 3. 社会问题 4. 保持低水平 5. 我们的目的 6. 大学学位 (1. the necessary know-how 2. service people 3. the problems of society/the social problems 4. remain low 5. our purpose 6. university degree) ---Sentence making Make sentences with the following: 1. should understand that, very important, a proper system of education, we, it is, to choose 2. a chance, at universities, everyone, to study, has 3. work with one’s hands, it is bad, to look down upon 4. to mast, to do the jobs, well, all must be educated, all the necessary know-how ---Verb patterns Put the Chinese into English, using Verb patterns (1-4): 1.乞丐比以前更穷了。 (The beggar is even poorer than before.) 2.她看起来比过去漂亮多了。 (She looks much more beautiful than before. 3.他的梦想实现了。 (His dream has come true.) 4.我们现在就走吗? (Shall we go right now?)

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Activity Work with a partner. Ask your partner what he or she wants to do after age 65. start a new job work on hobbies play sports travel live somewhere special be famous Share answers with your classmates. Do many students have the same answer?

V. 作业 Assignments : --- Recite the last paragraph of Lesson 1. --- Translate the Chinese sentences into English: 1.换句话说,他是个傻瓜。 (In other words, he is a fool.) 2.你只要想一下就会明白这一点。 (You have only to think a moment to understand it.) 3.我告诉他无论发生什么情况都不要同他打架。 (I told him not to fight with them no matter what happened.) 4.在一些先进的国家仍然有许多社会性的问题。 (In some countries with advanced industries, there are still a number of social problems.) ---Preview Lesson 2.

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