茂名市 2008 届高三第一次高考模拟考试 英语
本试卷分听力、语言知识及运用、阅读和写作四个部分，共 12 页，满分 150 分。考试用 时 120 分钟。 注意事项：1、答卷前，考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将白己的姓名和考生号填写在 答题卡上，用 2B 铅笔将试卷类型填涂在答题卡上。 2、选择题每小题选出答案后，用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑；
如须改动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其他答案标号，不能答在试题卷上。 3、非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答，答案必须写在答题卡各题目规 定区域内的相应位置上；如需改动，先划掉原来的答案，然后再写上新的答 案；不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。 4、考生必须保持答题卡的清洁，考试结束后，将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。 I．听力（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 听力理解（5 段共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 每段播放两遍。各段后有几个小题，各段播放前每小题有 5 秒钟的阅题时间。请根据各 段播放内容及其相关小题，在 5 秒钟内从题中所给的 A、B、C 项中，选出最佳选项，并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 听第一段对话，回答第 1-3 题。 1. What was the man doing when his problems started? A. Watching a game on TV with his friends. B. Playing basketball with some of his friends. C. Putting the manuscript of his wife's book in order. 2. How did some pages of the book become totally ruined? A. They bumed up in a fire. B. They were damaged by water. C. Someone threw them away by mistake. 3. What sort of reaction does the man expect from his wife? A. Disappointment. B. Surprise. C. Anger 听第二段对话，回答第 4-6 题。 4. How many car salespersons were hired? A. Ten. B. Eleven. C. Twenty-one. 5. What advantage does the woman have over the salesmen? A. She is a woman. B. She is very friendly. C. She is ready to help other. 6. What do we know about the woman? A. She never goes out for lunch. B. She doesn't like to talk to her workmates. C. She isn't getting on very well with some salesmen. 听第三段对话，回答第 7-9 题。 7. Why does the woman talk to the man? A. To receive a good grade. B. To take an advanced course.
C. To apply to graduate schools. 8. What does the man reply to the woman's request? A. He doesn't want to offer her the course. B. He doesn't think the course will interest her. C. He thinks the course will be too difficult for her. 9. What does the man promise to do in the end? A. Pick out some books for the woman. B. Ask another professor for his opinion. C. Let the woman attend an easier course. 听第四段独白，回答第 10-12 题。 10. Who is the man most likely to be? A. A UN high official. B. An agricultural expert. C. A spokesman for the UN. 11. How many animal diseases are mentioned in the conversation? A. One. B. Two. C. Three. 12. What directly caused so many cows' death? A. The foot-and-mouth disease. B. The prevention of an animal disease. C. The mistaken measures against a disease. 听第五段对话，回答第 13-15 题。 13. What is the speaker? A. A waitress. B. An art collector. C. A tourist guide. 14. What is the speaker's attitude toward the founders of the museum? A. Admiration. B. Indifference. C. Disappointment. 15. What can we learn from the talk? A. The story of the West has been truthfully told. B. The African Americans contributed the most art. C. The museum has exhibits showing Western history. 第二节 听取信息（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分,满分 5 分） 听下面一段独白，请根据题目要求，从所听到的内容中获取必要的信息，填入答题卡标 号为 16-20 的空格中。听录音前，你将有 10 秒钟的阅题时间。录音读两遍，你将有 80 秒钟 的作答时间。 Weather Forecast in the United States Places Seattle Southern California San Diego Midwest Oklahoma Houston Miami New York City Montreal a temperature of 50 degrees sunny skies and (16)__________temperatures a temperature of 78 degrees clear but (17)_________ a temperature of 65 and sunny skies, with very (18)__________ cloudy skies and a temperature of (19)_______ a temperature of 64 degrees, cloudy and windy (20)_____________, high winds and 35 degrees 28 degrees and snow Weather
Ⅱ 语言知识及应用（共两节,满分 35 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 10 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 21-30 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳 选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Henry Ford didn't always pay attention in school. One day, he and a friend took a watch (21)________. Angry and (22)________, the teacher told him both to stay after school. Their punishment was to stay until they had fixed the watch. But the teacher did not know young Ford's (23)________. In ten minutes, this mechanical wizard had repaired the watch and was on his way home. Ford was always (24)_____in how things worked. He once plugged up the spout of a teapot and placed it on the (25)_________. Then he waited to see what would happen. The water boiled and,of course, (26)__________to steam. Since the steam had no way to (27)________,the teapot exploded. The explosion cracked a mirror and broke a window. The young inventor was(28)_____scalded(烫伤). Ford's year of curiosity and tinkering (29)_________, He (30)_______of a horseless carriage. When he built one, the world of transportation was changed forever. 21. A. down B. together C. away D. apart 22. A. despaired B. disappointed C. upset D. worried 23. A. genius B. secret C. ability D. technique 24. A. involved B. interested C. absorbed D. occupied 25. A. floor B. fire C. wall D. ice 26. A. came B. changed C. turned D. led 27. A. escape B. rise C. cool D. set out 28. A. slightly B. deadly C. badly D. unexpectedly 29. A. paid back B. paid off C. paid away D. paid up 30. A. thought B. died C. disposed D. dreamed 第二节 语法填空（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面短文， 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求， 在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 31-40 的相应位置上。 Autumn came again, and with it 31 (come) trouble and sorrow, A strange disease had broken out among the settlers. Betty Sparrow, who was Abraham Lincoln's mother's aunt, and her husband were the first to be attacked 32 this terrible sickness. The narrow camp which was their home was 33 cheerless place even at its best, and the disease did its work 34 (quick). And then Abraham Lincoln's mother was stricken down. 35 (suffer) from damp and cold in the camp had robbed her of her 36 (strong) and made her easily catch the disease. One morning, 37 the grey daylight was struggling through the gaps of the unfinished cabin,she reached out her arms and drew little Abraham before 38 , "My boy, I'm going away. Live 39 I have taught you. " Then the end came. Though only ten years old, Lincoln was no longer a child.He was 40 (determine) to be a man of the type his mother would praise and admire.And so he did. Ⅲ 阅读（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分）
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 A With the advent of fast food chains from the West such as McDonald's, Kentucky Fried Chicken and Pizza Hut, the Chinese are being introduced to a diet that markedly increases the death rate from certain diseases in any population. The main killers in North America, the degenerative diseases such as heart attack and stroke as well as colon cancer, become a way of death. That would be a threat in this country if the Chinese do not act quickly and compete with these health destroying food chains. Scientific studies from all over the world show that a diet high in animal foods such as pork, beef,including sugar, white flour, white noodles and even white rice, undermines one's health.Deposits of animal fat cling to the walls of arteries, blocking the blood supply to various organs. This causes diseases in almost every organ, but in particular it damages two of the most vital ones, the heart and brain. Compare these problems with the excellent health one may enjoy if one consumes good Chinese food. The cook goes out every day, procures great-tasting, fresh vegetables, then cooks them for just a few minutes so that their nutritional value is preserved and afterwards serves them in a most artistic and elegant fashion. Please cling to your traditional ways of eating. They are far superior to those of the West. Certainly the fast food chains make lots of money, but who wants to fill the pockets of a foreign food chain that proceeds to ruin the health of the Chinese people? Another reason Western fast food restaurants make money is that the food they serve, which comes from assembly lines, will not attract bugs or spoil easily. How the Chinese could patronize these fast food places when Chinese cook such delectable food,not just in this country but over the entire world, is beyond my comprehension. Western restaurants are clean and tastefully decorated. Moreover, these restaurants also do in-deed have "good service and an inviting dining atmosphere". However, Chinese food chains could do likewise if they would organize themselves as the Western chains do. These lessons in management and decor arc the only ones worth learning from the invasion of this country by the Western fast food chains.In other words only imitate the style of the restaurants, not the content of the food or the menus in any way, shape or form. Do not let the desire for money destroy the wonderful tradition that China has established in producing absolutely fantastically tasty as well as healthful food. 41. The following are fast food chains from the West except________. A. McDonald's B. Kentucky Fried Chicken C. Pizza Hut D. Chinese food 42. A diet high in animal foods and refined foods will cause diseases, particularly damage______. A. the heart and brain B. the walls of arteries C. all organs D. the blood 43. The underlined word "undermines" in the 3rd paragraph may mean_______. A. improves B. damages C. affects D. strengthen 44. What will be worth learning from the Western fast food chains? A. The content of the food. B. The menus. C. The lessons in management and decoration.
D. Shape or form of the food. 45. In the passage, the author thinks_______. A. Chinese should learn everything from Western fast food restaurants. B. Chinese should say no to Western fast food. C. Western fast food restaurants offer healthy diets. D. Chinese food don't contain enough nutrition. B In the Caucasus region of Russia, nearly 50 out of every 100,000 people live to celebrate their 100th birthday,and many don't stop at 100 ! By comparison, in America only 3 people in 100,000 reach 100. But these Russian old people aren't alone. The Pakistanis, who live high in the Himalaya Mountains, and the Ecuadorans of the Andes Mountains seem to share the secret of long life, too. These people remain healthy in body and spirit despite the passage of time. While many older persons in industrial societies become weak and ill in their 60s and 70s, some Caucasians aged 100 to 140, work in the fields beside their great-great-grandchildren. Even the idea of aging is foreign to them. When asked "at what age does youth end?" most of these old people had no answer. Sever- al replied, "Well, perhaps at age 80. " What accounts for this ability to survive to such old age, and to survive so well? First of all, hard physical work is a way of life for all of these long-lived people.They begin their long days of physical labor as children and never seem to stop. For example, Mr.Rustam Mamedov is 142 years of age. His wife is 116 years old. They have been married for 90 years. Mr. Mamedov has no intention of retiring from his life as a farmer. "Why? What else would I do?" he asks. All these people get healthful rewards from the environment in which they work. They all come from mountainous regions.They live and work at elevations of 1,660 to 1,000 meters above sea level. The air has less oxygen and is pollution-free.This reduced-oxygen environment makes the heart and blood vessel system stronger. Another factor that may contribute to the good health of these people is their isolation. To a great extent, they are separated from the pressures and worries of industrial society. Inherited factors also play some role. Most of the longest-lived people had parents and grand-parents who also reached very old ages. Good family genes may, therefore, be one factor in living longer. It is clear that isolation from urban pressures and pollution, clean mountain air, daily hard work, moderate diets, good genes, and a youthful approach to life all contribute to the health and long life of all these people. 46. In the Caucasus region of Russian, how many people can reach the age of 100 in 10,000? A. 5 B. 3 C. 50 D. 10,000 47. The example of Mr. and Mrs. Mamedov implies that________. A. some Caucasians aged 100 to 140 become weak. B. some Caucasians aged 100 to 140 are too old to work in the fields. C. physical work contributes a lot to their long life. D. some Caucasians aged 100 to 140 are still working in the fields besides their great-greatgrandchildren. 48. What is the main way of life for all of these long-lived people? A. Retiring from their lives as farmers B. Having been married for 90 years
C. Hard physical work D. No intentions 49. At elevations of 1,220 to 1,000 meters above sea level, the air_______ A. has less oxygen B. is pollution C. is pollution-free D. both A and C 50. The following factors except________contribute to the health and long life of all these people. A. clean mountain air B. daily hard work C. stress and pressure D. good genes C Two years ago, a quadriplegic(四肢瘫痪) man started playing video games using his brain as a controller. That may just sound like fun and games for the unfortunate, but really, it starts the beginning of a thorough change in how we interact with computers, and business will never be the same. Someday, keyboards and computer mice will be remembered only as old style pain devices for the wrists. All work-emails ,spreadsheets, and Google searches-will be performed by mind control. The research was published for the first time last week in the British science journal Nature. Nagle, a 26-year-old quadriplegic, was hooked up to a computer via an implant smaller than an aspirin that sits on top of his brain and reads electrical patterns.Using that technology, he learned how to move a cursor(指针) around a screen, play simple games, control a robotic arm, and even turn his brain into a TV remote control. He even learned how to perform these tasks in less time than the average PC owner spends installing Microsoft Windows. Nagle was able to accomplish all this because the brain has been greatly demystified(澄清， 解密) in laboratories over last decade or so. Researchers unlocked the brain patterns for thoughts that represent letters of the alphabet as early as 1999. Already, the Brown researchers say, this kind of technology can enable a hooked-up human to write at 15 words a minute-half as fast as the average person writes by hand. Brain-reading technology is improving rapidly. Last year, Sony (Charts) took out a patent on a game system that beams data directly into the mind without implants. Controlling devices with the mind is just the beginning. Next, Wolf believes, is what he calls "network-enabled telepathy”——instant thought transfer.In other words,your thoughts will flow from your brain over the network right into someone else's brain.If you think instant messaging is ad-dictive, just wait for instant thinking. 51. What's the best title of this passage? A. All the Internet work will be controlled by our mind. B. How the disabled use the Internet. C. The rapid progress in computer. D. Surfing the Internet without your hands. 52. A quadriplegic man is mentioned by the writer in the first paragraph in order to_________. A. show the importance of this technology B. support his idea C. bring up his topic. D. persuade the disabled to pursue a high goal 53. The underlined word "interact" in the first paragraph probably has the same meaning as _________. A. talk with eaoh other B. communicate with each other C. help each other D. act on each other 54. The success of this technology is based on________. A. the experience of Nagle, a 26-year-old quadriplegic
B. the breakthrough of the research on the brain C. the advanced computer technology D. the development of high technology 55. It can be inferred from the passage that_______. A. further research on brainwave control will be carried out B. everyone will soon use brainwave control services C. our present computers will soon be out of date D. all the disabled will soon use computers without any difficulty 第二节 信息匹配（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 阅读下列应用文及相关信息， 并按照要求匹配信息。 请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选 项字母涂黑。 首先，请先阅读下列的应用文： A. Gesichter of Orients Documents of the life of the various cultures lived in the region of present-day Jordan, from the early Neolithic (8th century B.C.) to the early Islamic period.Besides, there are documents about other religious group. B. Covering the Real Works by Warhol, Richter, Polke, Baldessari and another 20 artists show the relationship between art of different ages in different ways-photography, painting, video, installation and the press picture. C. At Home with ter Borch While Cerard ter Borch the younger is well known as a Dutch master, few people know that the other members of the family were also highly skilled in art. The exhibition shows about 80 drawings by ter Broch, his father and his half-brothers and sister. D. Robert Couturier: 100Ans of Sculptor Celebrate the 100th birthday of the French sculptor, the exhibition brings together more than 100 sculptures and drawings. Couturier, who developed a close relationship with Maillol, found his inspiration in the human body, and use stone, plaster and bronze to express it. E. Follow me! Chinese Art at the Treshold of the New Millennium Looks at the work of 19 artists born after 1960 who escaped the ideological influence of the Cul-tural Revolution. Everyday life and separation in the new age and in the big cities, as well as marks of the Revolution. F. China Crossroads of Culture Explores the development of Chinese art from the Han through the Tang dynasties, a period when waves of conquest, trade and immigration along the Silk Road set off a new Chinese creativity.The 200 items include objects in jade, gold, silver, textiles, works on paper and wall painting. 以下是与上面应用文相关的个人信息，请匹配个人信息与其相对应的应用文。 Bessy:Having been interested in painting for 3 years, she now falls in love with sculpture.She feels the form can express fully what she sees, feels, and thinks. Recently, she has joined in the local sculpture club. Collins:He is an exchange scholar on art. Since childhood, he has been fascinated in Chinese ancient art. The land with a long history,the"great inventions",the hard-working nation with full
wisdom, has played a world leading role in human history for thousands of years. He always wonders, how they achieved this? Mr. Chang:An overseas Chinese. He left China soon after the founding of New China. All things arc proving the success of China's opening-up policy, and he feels inspired and proud.He'd like to know more about its recent development. Paul: He is a graduate of Leeds University. Working on a report about religion,especially Christianity, Muslim and Islam, he has made many visits to famous religious places and spent much time in libraries searching for related information and proof. Denny:He is a college student who majors in art. As an excellent student in the department, he has done some research on the art expressing ways of different times. He'd like to find out that with the development of science and technology, what new ways can be adopted to show art? 申请者： 选择意向： 56. Bessy A. Gesichter of Orients 57. Collins B. Covering the Real 58. Mr. Chang C. At Home with ter Borch 59. Paul D. Robert Couturier: 100Ans of Sculptor 60. Denny E. Chinese Art at the Treshold of New Millennium F. China Crossroads of Culture IV、写作（共两节，满分为 40 分） 第一节 基础写作（共 1 小题，满分 15 分） 下面是深圳市罗湖酒店的基本情况： 罗湖酒店：建于 2000 年 11 月 25 日，是一家具有国际水平的五星酒店； 投资总额：12000 万人民币； 占地面积：2800 平方米； 位置与交通：坐落于秀丽的深圳河畔；步行仅五分钟可到达地铁站； 客房情况：260 间客房；明亮舒适；大小会议室共 12 间；餐饮方面，中华餐厅能容 纳 600 人用餐，中西美食应有尽有。 [写作要求] 1、只能使用 5 个规范的英语句子表述以上所有内容。 2、文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称 [评分标准] 句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章结构连贯。 第二节：读写任务（共 1 小题，满分 25 分） 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 The name Christmas is short for Christs Mass. A Mass is a kind of Church service. Christmas is the day to celebrate the birthday of Jesus. In both the UK and the US, Christmas is a public holiday,and is celebrated with religious services and various forms of merrymaking. In China, at present, only about two percent of the 1.3 billion population is Christian but Christmas is not a religious holiday observed by many Chinese. It is, however, becoming a phenome-nally popular holiday both to the young and the businessmen. From the high street to the local bar-bershop, a traveller to China in December will find every color and statue of Christmas decoration and tree.Giant trees are set upright in shopping places and hotel and restaurant staff wearing Santa hats are easy to spot.On Christmas Eve, it's a little surprising to any visitor to China
to see so much of the accoutrements(装饰物) of Christmas and so many celebrations. [写作内容] 1)以约 30 词概括短文的要点； 2)请以“Do We Need to Fear the Popularity of Christmas?”为题，用英语写一篇 120 词左 右的短文，要点如下： 1．中国年轻一代对圣诞节的钟爱； 2．人们对中国传统节日在年轻人心目中的地位的担忧。 3．你认为对待西方文化应持的态度。 [写作要求] 1．不要直接引用原文句子 2．文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称 [评分标准] 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，篇章连贯。
1-3:AAC 4-6:BAC 7-9:BCB 10-12:BCB 13-15:CAC 16.warmer 17.windy 18.strong winds 19.68 degrees 20.heavy rains 21-25:DCABB 26-30:CACBD 31.came 32.by 33.a 34.quickly 35.Suffering 36.strength 37.when 38.her 39.as 40.determined 41-45:DABCB 46-50:ACCDC 51-55:ACDBA 56-60:DFEAB 基础写作范文： Luohu hotel,built on Nov.25th, 2000 and costing as much as 120 million yuan to complete,is a five-star hotel of intemational standard.Situated on the beautiful Shenzhen River, it is only five minutes' walk from the subway station. As a hotel covering an area of 2800 square meters, it contains 260 bright and comfortable guest rooms and 12 meeting rooms, big and small. And its Zhonghua Restaurant can hold as many as 600 dining guests at a time. Here, all kinds of delicious Eastern and Western foods are available.
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